Войти... Регистрация
Поиск Расширенный поиск



Есть что добавить?

Присылай нам свои работы, получай litr`ы и обменивай их на майки, тетради и ручки от Litra.ru!

/ Полные произведения / Брюсов В.Я. / Огненный ангел

Огненный ангел [17/18]

  Скачать полное произведение

    >94O, O A ?>:;>=>< >AB0=>28;AO =0 ?>@>35, => 3@8??0, ?@825BAB2CO <5=O =0:;>=>< 3>;>2K, A;>2=> 3>AC40@L, ?@82K:H89 4020BL 0C485=F88, A:070; <=5:
    
     -- >1@> ?>60;>20BL, 3>A?>48= ?@857689! =5 > 20A ?8H5B <>9 4@C3 5B>@?89.  AB0@>AB8 C <5=O 4@C759 >AB0;>AL =5<=>3>, >G5=L =5<=>3>, => 70B> :064>5 8E A;>2> 4;O <5=O -- >1O70B5;LAB2>. !048B5AL 8 1C4LB5 4@C3>< 2 MB>< 4><5, E>BO 2K 8 ?@8257;8 <=5 4C@=K5 =>2>AB8.
    
     >A;54=85 A;>20 GCBL-GCBL A<CB8;8 <5=O, 8, 70=8<0O <5AB> A@548 CG5=8:>2 >:>;> AB>;0, O =5 7=0;, GB> A:070BL, => 3@8??0 A=>20 703>2>@8; A0<. 7O2 A> AB>;0 ?@8257Q==>5 <=>N @5:><5=40B5;L=>5 ?8AL<> 8 ?>:07K20O 53> =0<, >= ?@>87=QA, =5 157 @8B>@A:>3> 8A:CAAB20, F5;CN @5GL, :>B>@CN, ?>-2848<><C, ?@54=07=0G0; 8A:;NG8B5;L=> 4;O <5=O, B0: :0: CG5=8:0< =5 A>>1I0; 2 =59 =8G53> =>2>3>.
    
     -- 5B>@?89, ?@54AB02;OO 20A, -- A:070; >=, -- ?8H5B <=5 2 B> 65 2@5<O, GB> >= =5 @5H05BAO ?5G0B0BL <>53> "?>;>35B8G5A:>3> ?8AL<0 : Q;L=A:><C A5=0BC" 8 GB> 2>>1I5 =8 >4=0 B8?>3@0D8O 2 Q;L=5 =5 ?@8<5B 53> ?>4 A2>9 ?@5AA! #7=0N >1KG=>5 >@C685 <>8E ?@>B82=8:>2, B0: :0: ?@>8A:8 8E ?@5A;54>20;8 <5=O 2AN <>N 687=L!  =B25@?5=5 B0<>H=85 CGQ=K5 4>18;8AL 70?@5I5=8O <=5 ?@0:B8:>20BL :0: <548:C, E>BO O ;5G8; ;N459 2 4=8 O72K, :>340 3>@>4A:85 ;5:0@O 2A5 @071560;8AL.  Q;L=5 <=5 =5 ?>72>;8;8 G8B0BL ;5:F89, E>BO 2 >;5, 2 "C@8=5, 2 0288 C <5=O 1K;> 1>;LH5 A;CH0B5;59, G5< C 2A5E 4@C38E <038AB@>2! <?5@0B>@, C :>B>@>3> O A>AB>O; 8AB>@8>3@0D><, =5 =0E>48; =C6=K< ?;0B8BL <=5 60;>20=L5, 8 2 @NAA5;5 :@548B>@K 1@>A8;8 <5=O 70 4>;38 2 BN@L<C! 0:>=5F, 5420 ?>?KB0;AO O ?5G0B0BL A2>8 A>G8=5=8O, :0: >1@CH8;8AL =0 <5=O 5IQ EC4H85 C3@>7K: 2 0@865 <>N :=83C A>63;8, ?> ?@83>2>@C !>@1>==K, 0 2 5@<0=88 ?@>B828;AO 5Q =0?5G0B0=8N A0< 8=:2878B>@, ?@5=51@530O 40==>9 <=5 ?@828;53859. @>B82 <>8E A>G8=5=89 :@8G0B 4>:B>@0, ;8F5=F80BK, CG8B5;O, 10:0;02@K, @8B>@K 2A5E @>4>2 8 2AO =5AGQB=0O B>;?0 15745;L=8:>2 2 @OA0E, :0?NH>=0E, <0=B8OE, 1>A>=>38E 8 2 A0=40;8OE, GQ@=KE, 15;KE, A5@KE, 2A5E <0AB59: >4=8< A;>2><, 2A5 45;0B5;8 A8;;>387<>2 8 =0Q<=K5 A>D8ABK, :>B>@K< 8AB8=0 A;5?8B 3;070, :0: A>20<. > O =5 1>NAL =0?045=89, AC<5N >1>@>=8BLAO 8 ?@>B82 O2=KE >128=5=89, 8 ?@>B82 :;525BK B09=>9. =8 B5?5@L =5 40NB <=5 =0?5G0B0BL ?8AL<0, 2 4>AB0B>G=>9 AB5?5=8 A45@60==>3>. 'B> 6, O =0?8HC 4@C3>5, 15A?>I04=>5, ?>4102;N BC40 C:ACAC 8 3>@G8FK, => ?>C<5=LHC <0A;0, 8 =0?5G0B0N-B0:8 53> 2 4@C3>< 3>@>45, E>BL 2 >=4>=5, E>BL 2 >=AB0=B8=>?>;5!
    
     @>87=>AO MB8 3@>7=K5 480B@81K 2 <>Q< ?@8ACBAB288, 3@8??0, 25@>OB=>, =045O;AO, GB> G5@57 <5=O >=8 AB0=CB 8725AB=K @07=K< :@C30< ;8F, B0: :0: ?>G8B0; <5=O 4@C3>< 5B>@?8O. > O, 284O =5>1E>48<>ABL >B25B8BL, A:070; >A<>B@8B5;L=>, GB> =5 15@CAL 1KBL AC4LQN 2 A?>@5 3@8??K A :;8@><, =8 B5< 1>;55 A 53> 25;8G5AB2>< 8<?5@0B>@><, => GB>, :>=5G=>, 2A5 B5 ?@5A;54>20=8O, > :>B>@KE 3>2>@8B 3@8??0, 45;0NB 5<C G5ABL, 81> =0 =57=0G8B5;L=>3> G5;>25:0 =5 =0?@028;8 1K =0?045=89 =8 8=:2878F8O, =8 B5>;>38, =8 CGQ=K5.
    
     >A?>;L7>202H8AL <8=CB>N <>;G0=8O, 2@5;89 =0?><=8; CG8B5;N, GB> O ?@85E0; A >?@545;Q==>N F5;LN ?@>A8BL C =53> A>25B0. 3@8??0, A;>2=> 1K >= B>;L:> =5>6840==> 2A?><=8; >1> <=5, >15@=C;AO 2 <>N AB>@>=C 8, 3=52=> :8=C2 ?8AL<> 5B>@?8O =0 AB>;, A?@>A8;:
    
     -- 'B> 65, <>;>4>9 4@C3, E>B8B5 2K >B <5=O? '5< <>65B ?><>GL 3@8??0, :>B>@>3>, :0: 2K 2848B5, B@02OB, A;>2=> A2>@0 A>10: ;8AC?
    
     / ?>A?5H8; >B25B8BL, GB> GC2AB2CN A51O, :0: 0@A80A, 2>?@>H05<K9 ?>;;>=><, 8 GB> >?@0240=8O A2>59 A<5;>AB8 8IC B>;L:> 2 A;025 3@8??K, @0A?@>AB@0=Q==>9 ?> 2A59 2@>?5, => GB> 70 @07JOA=5=85< 2>?@>A>2, =0 :>B>@K5 >B25B0 =5;L7O =09B8 2 :=830E, 2> 2A59 5@<0=88 >1@0B8BLAO <>6=> B>;L:> : 53> ?>7=0=8O<, : 53> C<C, : 53> >?KB=>AB8. 0;55 @0AA:070;, GB> =5:>B>@K5 >1AB>OB5;LAB20 <>59 ;8G=>9 687=8 ?@825;8 <5=O : 70=OB8O< >?5@0B82=>9 <03859, GB> A@548 2A5E :=83, =0?8A0==KE ?> MB><C 2>?@>AC, O =5 <>3 =5 2K45;8BL A>G8=5=85 3@8??K, GB>, 87CG82 >A=>20B5;L=> 2AQ, 87;>65==>5 2 53> B@C45, O =0E>6C 5IQ <=>65AB2> BQ<=KE ?C=:B>2 8 E>GC > =8E >B45;L=> ?@>A8BL @07JOA=5=8O C A0<>3> 02B>@0.
    
     3@8??0, 2KA;CH02 <5=O, =0E<C@8;AO 8 ?@>87=QA A 4>A04;82>ABLN:
    
     -- K, 4>;6=> 1KBL, <>N :=83C G8B0;8 =5 >G5=L 2=8<0B5;L=> 8;8 5Q =5 ?>=O;8, 8=0G5 1K =5 >1@0B8;8AL :> <=5 A B0:8<8 2>?@>A0<8!  ?@548A;>288 C <5=O A:070=> OA=> 8 B2Q@4>, GB> <03 4>;65= 1KBL =5 AC525@><, =5 :>7=>455< 8 =5 45<>=80:><, => <C4@5F><, A2OI5==>A;C68B5;5< 8 ?@>@>:><. AB8==K< <03>< ?>G8B0N O A818;;C, ?@>@>G82HCN 2 O7KG5AB25 > %@8AB5, 8 B5E B@QE F0@59, :>B>@K5, C7=02 87 482=KE <8@>2KE B09= > @>645=88 A?0A8B5;O <8@0, ?>A?5H8;8 A 40@0<8 : :>;K15;8-OA;O<. K 65, ?>-2848<><C, 8I5B5 2 <0388, :0: 8 1>;LH8=AB2>, =5 A>:@>25==>3> 7=0=8O > ?@8@>45, => @07=KE ;>2:8E A@54AB2, GB>1K 2@548BL 1;86=8<, GB>1K 4>1K20BL 1>30BAB20, GB>1K @07C7=020BL > 702B@0H=5< 4=5; => 70 B0:8<8 A2545=8O<8 =04> 84B8 : D>:CA=8:0< 8 H0@;0B0=0<, 0 =5 : D8;>A>DC. =830 <>O " A>:@>25==>9 D8;>A>D88" =0?8A0=0 <=>N 2 N=>AB8 8 A>45@68B <=>3> =5A>25@H5==>3>, => 2AQ 65 ?@54AB02;O5B B>;L:> >17>@ 2A53> A:070==>3> > <0388, 401K ;N1>7=0B5;L=K9 C< <>3 ?@>A;548BL 2A5 >B@0A;8 MB>9 =0C:8, => =8:>340 =8:>3> =5 ?@83;0H0; O ?CA:0BLAO 2 BQ<=K5 8 =5 70A;C6820NI85 >4>1@5=8O >?KBK 3>95B598!
    
     84O, GB> 3@8??0 >B ?@O<>3> >B25B0 C:;>=O5BAO, O @5H8;AO 53>, >4=0:>, ?@8=C48BL : B><C, E>BO 1K 8 35@>8G5A:8<8 A@54AB20<8, 8 ?>B><C A:070; B0::
    
     -- >G5<C 65, CG8B5;L, 8AA;54>202 2=8<0B5;L=> >1;0AB8 <0388 8 =094O 2 =8E >4=8 701;C645=8O, =5 ?>AB0@0;8AL 2K 4@C38E >B:;>=8BL >B 15A?;>4=KE 70=OB89 MB>N =0C:>N, 0, =0?@>B82, ?>A?5H8;8 =0?5G0B0BL A2>9 B@C4, :>B>@K9 A0<8 AG8B05B5 =5A>25@H5==K<? =, <>65B 1KBL, 8 A>AB02;5= 20<8 2 N=>AB8, => =5 701C4LB5, GB> ?@8A>548=8;8 2K : =5<C 420 ?@548A;>28O, :>B>@K5 =0?8A0=K A>2A5< =5402=> 8 2 :>B>@KE > <0388 3>2>@8B5 2K A 1>;LH8< ?>GB5=85< 8 A2>53> ?@57@8B5;L=>3> : =59 >B=>H5=8O =5 ?@>O2;O5B5 =8G5<. 5 ?>40QB5 ;8 2K MB8< 25;8:89 A>1;07= ;N1>7=0B5;L=K< G8B0B5;O<, 8 =5 ?@02 ;8 1C4C O, =0?><=82 20< A;>20 20=35;8O, GB> ;CGH5 1K;> 1K G5;>25:C, A>1;07=82H5<C 548=>3> 87 <0;KE A8E, 5A;8 1K ?>25A8;8 5<C =0 H5N <5;L=8G=K9 65@=>2 8 CB>?8;8 53> 2 <>@A:>9 ?CG8=5?
    
     > 2@5<O MB>9 <>59 @5G8 2@5;89 45;0; <=5 3;070<8 7=0:8, GB>1K O 70<>;G0;; => O =5 ?@82K: >AB020BLAO >A<5O==K< 8 A?>:>9=> 4>3>2>@8; 4> :>=F0. 3@8??0 B>65 1K; 682> 70B@>=CB <>8<8 A;>20<8, 25AL 284 53> @57:> ?5@5<5=8;AO, -- B0: :0: 53> A0<>C25@5==>ABL 8 =04<5==>ABL :0: 1K ?>30A;8, 8 >= A:070; <=5 @074@068B5;L=>:
    
     -- 'B>1K ?5G0B0BL <>Q A>G8=5=85, C <5=O 1K;8 206=K5 ?@8G8=K, > :>B>@KE 2K, <>;>4>9 G5;>25:, =5 8<55B5, 25@>OB=>, =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O. 1JOA=OBL 8E 20< A59G0A 1K;> 1K A>2A5< =5C<5AB=>, =5 3>2>@O > B><, GB> >A>10O :;OB20 2>A?@5I05B <=5 :0A0BLAO =5:>B>@KE 2>?@>A>2 ?5@54 =5?>A2OIQ==K<8.
    
     !C@>2>ABL >B25B0 <>3;0 B>;L:> 2>71C48BL <>N =0AB>9G82>ABL, 8 O, =5 ?>1>O2H89AO 704020BL 2>?@>AK ?@54A540B5;N H010H0, :>=5G=>, =5 >BABC?8; ?5@54 3=52>< 3@8??K 5BB5A359<A:>3>. @>4>;60O B5A=8BL 53>, O B>BG0A 1@>A8; 5<C =>2K9 2>?@>A, ?@8GQ< <=5 A0<><C ?>:070;>AL, GB> <>9 OA=K9 3>;>A 70ABCG0;, :0: 425 83@0;L=KE :>AB8, ?@K30NI85 ?> AB>;C ?@8 @5H8B5;L=>9 AB02:5:
    
     -- Magister doctissime! 54L O =5 8<5N =8:0:8E ?@8BO70=89, GB>1K 2K >B:@K20;8 ?@54> <=>9 A>:@>25==K5 B09=K! >, 1C4CG8 >4=8< 87 A>1;07=Q==KE 20H59 :=83>9, O B>;L:> A:@><=> ?@>HC >B25B8BL <=5, GB> 65 B0:>5 <038O: 8AB8=0 8;8 701;C645=85, =0C:0 8;8 =5B?
    
    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
    
     -- ABL 420 @>40 =0C:8, <>;>4>9 G5;>25:. 4=0 -- MB> B0, :>B>@CN ?@0:B8:CNB 2 =0H8 4=8 2 C=825@A8B5B0E, :>B>@0O 2A5 ?@54<5BK @0AA<0B@8205B >B45;L=>, @07@K20O 548=K9 F25B>: 2A5;5==>9 =0 G0AB8, =0 :>@5=L, AB515;L, ;8AB, ;5?5AB>:, 8 :>B>@0O, 2<5AB> ?>7=0=8O, 40QB A8;;>387<K 8 :><<5=B0@88.  <>59 :=835 " =54>AB>25@=>AB8 ?>7=0=8O", AB>82H59 <=5 <=>38E ;5B @01>BK, => ?@8=QAH59 <=5 >4=8 =0A<5H:8 8 >128=5=8O 2 5@5A8, 2KOA=5=> ?>4@>1=>, GB> =07K20N O ?A524>=0C:>9. 45?BK 5Q -- ?A524>D8;>A>DK -- A45;0;8 87 3@0<<0B8:8 8 @8B>@8:8 8=AB@C<5=BK 4;O A2>8E ;>6=KE 2K2>4>2, ?@52@0B8;8 ?>M78N 2 @51OG5A:85 2K4C<:8, =0 0@8D<5B8:5 >A=>20;8 ?CABK5 3040=8O 40 <C7K:C, :>B>@0O @072@0I05B 8 @0AA;01;O5B, 2<5AB> B>3> GB>1K C:@5?;OBL, ?@52@0B8;8 ?>;8B8:C 2 8A:CAAB2> >1<0=>2, 0 B5>;>3859 ?>;L7CNBAO, :0: 0@5=>9 4;O ;>3><0E88, 4;O A;>25A=>9 1>@L1K 157> 2AO:>3> A>45@60=8O! -B8-B> ?A524>D8;>A>DK 8A:078;8 8 <038N, :>B>@CN 4@52=85 ?>G8B0;8 25@H8=>9 G5;>25G5A:>3> ?>7=0=8O, B0: GB> 2 =0H8 4=8 =0BC@0;L=0O <038O =5 1>;55 :0: @5F5?BK >B@02, CAK?8B5;L=KE =0?8B:>2, ?>B5H=KE >3=59 8 2A53> ?>4>1=>3>, 0 <038O F5@5<>=80;L=0O -- B>;L:> A>25BK, :0: 2>9B8 2 A=>H5=85 A =87H8<8 A8;0<8 4CE>2=>3> <8@0 8;8 :0: ?>;L7>20BLAO 8<8 @071>9=8G5A:8 8 2@0A?;>E. 0: =5 CAB0=C O >A?0@820BL 8 >A<5820BL ;>6=CN =0C:C, B0: ?>AB>O==> 1C4C >B25@30BL 8 ;>6=CN <038N. > 2 G5;>25:5 2AQ 65 =5B =8G53> 1>;55 1;03>@>4=>3>, :0: 53> <KA;L, 8 2>72KH0BLAO A8;>9 <KA;8 4> A>75@F0=8O ACI=>AB59 8 A0<>3> >30 -- MB> ?@5:@0A=59H0O F5;L 687=8. 04> B>;L:> ?><=8BL, GB> 2AQ 2 <8@5 CAB@5<;5=> : >4=><C, 2AQ >1@0I05BAO 2>:@C3 548=>9 B>G:8 8 G5@57 B> 2AQ A2O70=> >4=> A 4@C38<, 2AQ 2 >?@545;Q==KE >B=>H5=8OE <564C A>1>N: 72Q74K, 0=35;K, ;N48, 725@8 8 B@02K! 48=0O 4CH0 42865B 8 A>;=F5 2 53> 1535 2>:@C3 75<;8, 8 =515A=>3> 4CE0, ?>:>@=>3> 25;5=8N >68N, 8 <OBCI53>AO G5;>25:0, 8 ?@>AB>9 :0<5=L, A:0B82H89AO A 3>@K, -- ;8HL 2 @07=>9 AB5?5=8 =0?@O6Q==>AB8 ?@>O2;O5BAO MB0 4CH0 2 @07=KE 25I0E. 0C:0, :>B>@0O @0AA<0B@8205B 8 87CG05B MB8 2A5;5=A:85 >B=>H5=8O, :>B>@0O CAB0=02;8205B A2O7L 2A5E 25I59 8 ?CB8, :>B>@K<8 >=8 2;8ONB 4@C3 =0 4@C30, 8 5ABL <038O, 8AB8==0O <038O 4@52=8E. =0 AB028B A515 7040G5N A>3;0A>20BL A;5?CN 687=L A2>59 4CH8, 0 ?> 2>7<>6=>AB8 -- 8 4@C38E 4CH, A 1>65AB25==K< ?;0=>< A>740B5;O <8@0, 8 B@51C5B 4;O A2>53> 2K?>;=5=8O 2>72KH5==>9 687=8, G8AB>9 25@K 8 A8;L=>9 2>;8, -- 81> =5B A8;K 1>;55 <>I=>9 2 =0H5< <8@5, G5< 2>;O, :>B>@0O A?>A>1=0 A>25@H0BL 8 =52>7<>6=>5, 8 GC45A0! AB8==0O <038O 5ABL =0C:0 =0C:, ?>;=>5 2>?;>I5=85 A>25@H5==59H59 D8;>A>D88, >1JOA=5=85 2A5E B09=, ?>;CG5==>5 2 >B:@>25=8OE ?>A2OIQ==K<8 @07=KE 25:>2, @07=KE AB@0= 8 @07=KE =0@>4>2. 1 MB>9 <0388, <>;>4>9 4@C3, :0: :065BAO, 2K =8G53> =5 7=0;8 4> A8E ?>@, 8, 2 70:;NG5=85 =0H59 15A54K, O 65;0N 20< >1@0B8BLAO >B 3040=89 8 2>;E2>20=89 : 8AB8==><C 8AB>G=8:C ?>7=0=8O. >A;5 MB>9 42CA<KA;5==>9 @5G8 =5 >AB020;>AL <=5 45;0BL =8G53> 4@C3>3>, :0:, 2AB02, 5IQ @07 ?@>A8BL 8728=5=8O 70 ?@8G8=Q==>5 15A?>:>9AB2> 8 ?@>AB8BLAO. / 1@>A8; ?>A;54=89 273;O4 =0 3@8??C, =0 53> CG5=8:>2, B5A=82H8EAO 2>:@C3 53> :@5A;0 A 87JO2;5=8O<8 2>AB>@30, -- 8 2KH5; 87 :><=0BK, 4C<0O, GB> ?>:840N MB>B :@C3 =02A5340, =5 ?>4>7@520O 2>2A5, GB> <=5 5IQ ?@84QBAO ?>2AB@5G0BL 25;8:>3> G0@>45O, 8 ?@8 :0:8E AB@0==KE >1AB>OB5;LAB20E! 0 ?;>I04:5 ;5AB=8FK <5=O 4>3=0;8 0=A 8 2@5;89, :>B>@K< E>B5;>AL, 4>;6=> 1KBL, 703;048BL =5?@8OB=>5 2?5G0B;5=85 0C485=F88, B0: :0: >=8 2AOG5A:8 AB0@0;8AL >1JOA=8BL AC@>2>ABL 3@8??K, AAK;0OAL =0 B>, GB> >= >G5=L 1K; @0AAB@>5= ?8AL<>< 5B>@?8O.  :@0B:>< @073>2>@5, ?@>8AH54H5< C =0A BCB, 2@5;89 A:070;: -- >B =5 >6840; O, GB> CG8B5;L 5IQ 2B09=5 25@C5B 2 <038N!  0=A, A 70=>AG82>ABLN N=>AB8, 4>1028;: -- 5;8:89 >= G5;>25: 8 CGQ=K9, => 4@C3>3>, =565;8 <K, ?>:>;5=8O.  0=A 8 2@5;89 C1548B5;L=> ?@>A8;8 <5=O >AB0BLAO 2 >==5 5IQ =0 45=L, C25@OO, GB> 702B@0 CG8B5;L >B=5AQBAO :> <=5 4>1@>65;0B5;L=55, => O @5H8B5;L=> >B:070;AO 5IQ @07 B@52>68BL 3@8??C, B5< 1>;55 GB> ?>B5@O; 2AO:CN =04564C =0 53> ?><>IL 2 <>Q< 45;5. ?@>G5<, O 1;03>40@8; >1>8E N=>H59 70 A>459AB285, 8<8 >:070==>5 <=5, 0 0=A 4@C65A:8 ?@>2>48; <5=O 4> 425@59 4><0, 8 <K, @0AAB020OAL, 40;8 4@C3 4@C3C >15I0=85 >1<5=820BLAO ?8AL<0<8. 0 A;54CNI55 CB@> O 2K5E0; >1@0B=> =0 A525@.  ?>;OE 2K?0; A=53, 8 1K;> 4>2>;L=> E>;>4=>, => 4>@>30 7=0G8B5;L=> 8A?@028;0AL, 8 5E0BL 1K;> 3>@074> ;53G5, =565;8 B@8 4=O =0704. >H04L 1>4@> 1560;0 ?> <O3:><C 15;><C :>2@C, ?@8:@K202H5<C ?@><Q@7HCN B2Q@4CN ?>G2C. >340 2?>A;54AB288 O BI0B5;L=> >1AC48; 2AQ A2>Q ?>A5I5=85 3@8??K 8 2=8<0B5;L=> >14C<0; 2A5 53> @5G8, O ?@8HQ; : 2K2>4C, GB> =5 :064><C A:070==><C 8< A;>2C 4>;6=> ?@84020BL 25@C.  B5 :@0B:85 <8=CBK, :>B>@K5 O, ?@857689 =57=0:><5F, AB>O; ?5@54 3@8??>N, =5 1K;> C =53> ?@8G8= >B:@K20BL A2>N 4CHC 8 2KA:07K20BL ?@O<> A2>8 A>:@>25==K5 <KA;8 > ?@54<5B5 AB>;L >B25BAB25==><, :0: <038O. >E>65 1K;>, GB> =5 2KA:07K20; >= 8E 8 ?5@54 A2>8<8 CG5=8:0<8, B0: GB> 2 8E A:5?B8G5A:8E @5G0E, <>65B 1KBL, >B@060;>AL =5 >:>=G0B5;L=>5 <=5=85 D8;>A>D0, 0 B> >48=>G5AB2>, =0 :>B>@>5 2A5340 >1@5G5=K 25;8:85 ;N48, ?@8=C645==K5 B08BLAO 4065 >B A0<KE 1;87:8E. K=5 65, ?>A;5 2B>@>9 2AB@5G8 A 3@8??>N, O 4065 =5 A><=520NAL, GB> 2 <038N 25@8; >= 3>@074> 1>;LH5, =565;8 E>B5; MB> ?>:070BL, 8 GB>, <>65B 1KBL, 8<5==> 3>5B595 1K;8 ?>A2OI5=K G0AK 53> C548=Q==KE 70=OB89. > 2A5 MB8 A>>1@065=8O 5IQ =5 ?@8E>48;8 <=5 2 3>;>2C 2> 2@5<O <>53> 2>72@0B=>3> ?CB8 87 >==0. 0?@>B82, <=5 B>340 :070;>AL, GB> AB@>30O @5GL 3@8??K 8 B@572K5 4>304:8 0=A0, :0: A25689 25B5@, @07>3=0;8 B>B BC<0= B08=AB25==>3> 8 GC45A=>3>, 2 :>B>@>< O 1;C640; ?>A;54=85 B@8 <5AOF0. ! =0AB>OI8< C482;5=85< A?@0H820; O A51O, :0: <>3 O 2 B5G5=85 G5B25@B8 3>40 =5 2KE>48BL 87 :@C30 45<>=>2 8 4LO2>;>2, -- O, ?@82K:H89 : OA=><C 8 >BGQB;82><C <8@C :>@015;L=KE A=0AB59 8 2>5==KE ?5@542865=89. ! B0:8< 65 =54>C<5=85< 8A:0; O >B25B0, ?>G5<C >:070;AO O, =5 @07 ?@5645 70;5G8202H89 2 A5@4F5 @0=K >B AB@5;K :@K;0B>3> 1>6:0, ?@82O70==K< B0:8<8 ?@>G=K<8 C70<8 : AB0=C 65=I8=K, >B25G02H59 <=5 B>;L:> ?@5=51@565=85< 8;8 A=8AE>48B5;L=>N E>;>4=>ABLN. 5@5A<0B@820O, =5 157 :@0A:8 ABK40 =0 I5:0E, A2>N 687=L A  5=0B>N, =0E>48; O B5?5@L A2>Q ?>2545=85 A<5H=K< 8 3;C?K< 8 =53>4>20; =0 A51O, GB> B0: @01A:8 ?>4G8=O;AO ?@8GC40< 40<K, > :>B>@>9 4065 =5 7=0; A B>G=>ABLN, :B> >=0 8 8<55B ;8 ?@02> =0 2=8<0=85. "CB 65 2A?><=8;0AL <=5 8 B0 :;OB20, :>B>@CN O 40; A0<><C A515 2 NAA5;L4>@D5 8 > :>B>@>9 A>2A5< =5 4C<0; ?>A;54=85 =545;8: =5 >AB020BLAO 1;87  5=0BK 4>;55 B@QE <5AOF52 8 1>;LH5, G5< B> 2@5<O, 2 :0:>5 8AB@0GC O B@5BL A>1@0==KE <=>N 45=53. "@8 <5AOF0 A B>3> CB@0 8AB5:;8 C65 H5ABL 4=59 B><C =0704, 8 ?@545;L=0O AC<<0 45=53 B>65 1K;0 ?>GB8 2AO 87@0AE>4>20=0. >4 2;8O=85< MB8E @074C<89 <5;L:=C;0 C <5=O <KA;L 2>2A5 =5 2>72@0I0BLAO 2 Q;L=, =>, ?>25@=C2 A2>N ;>H04L, 5E0BL N6=55 >==0, ?> =0?@02;5=8N : @>4=><C >7359<C, 0  5=0BC ?@54>AB028BL 5Q >48=>:>9 AC4L15. 4=0:> A45;0BL MB>3> C <5=O =54>AB0;> 4CEC, ?@5645 2A53> ?>B><C, GB> <5=O B><8;0 B>A:0 ?>  5=0B5, => 8 G5ABL =5 ?>72>;O;0 <=5 B0:>3> ?@540B5;LAB20. ">340 O A:070; A515: ?@85E02 4><>9, O ?>3>2>@N A  5=0B>N >B:@KB> 8 G8AB>A5@45G=>, C:06C 59, GB> 5Q 8A:0=8O 3@0D0 5=@8E0 -- 157C<85, =0?><=N 59, GB> ?>;N18; 5Q AB@0AB=> 8 A5@45G=>, 8 ?@54;>6C 59 AB0BL <>59 65=>9. A;8 <>65B >=0 ?@54 >3>< 8 ;N4L<8 40BL <=5 :;OB2C 1KBL 65=>N 25@=>9 8 ?@540==>9, <K =0?@028<AO 2 >7359< 242>Q< 8, ?>;CG82 1;03>A;>25=85 <>8E @>48B5;59, ?>545< 68BL 70 :50=, 2 >2CN A?0=8N, 345 2AQ ?@>H;>5  5=0BK 701C45BAO, :0: ?@54CB@5==89 A>=. #10N:0==><C MB8<8 <5GB0<8 > <8@=>< AG0AB88, <=5 1K;> ;53:> 8 2>;L=>; O =0?520; 2?>;3>;>A0 25AQ;CN 8A?0=A:CN ?5A5=:C "A Mingo Revulgo, Mingo" 8 157 CAB0;8 ?>=C:0; A2>N ;>H04L, B0: GB> 5IQ 70A25B;> 2KABC?8;8 ?5@54> <=>N 3>@>4A:85 AB5=K Q;L=0, B5<=5O =04 15;K< A=53><. ;020 7. 0: O 2AB@5B8;AO A 3@0D>< 5=@8E>< 8 ?>G5<C O 2K720; 53> =0 ?>548=>: >1@02H8AL 4> =0H53> 4><0, CAB0;K9, => 25AQ;K9, O ABC:>< 2 2>@>B0 2K720; C87C, ?5@540; 59 ?>2>4LO ;>H048 8 A?@>A8;: -- 'B> 3>A?>60  5=0B0?  <>5<C C482;5=8N, C870 >B25B8;0 <=5: -- 9, :065BAO, ;CGH5, 3>A?>48=  C?@5EB. 57 20A >=0 2A5 4=8 3C;O;0 ?> 3>@>4C 8 2G5@0 2>72@0B8;0AL B>;L:> ?>74=> 25G5@><. >=5G=>, 2 A;>20E C87K 1K;> 70B0Q==>5 >AB@85, B0: :0: 402=> C65 >B=>A8;0AL >=0 :  5=0B5 =54>1@>65;0B5;L=>, -- 8 C40@ =5 ?@8HQ;AO <8<>. "0:, -- A:070; O A515, --  5=0B0, :>B>@0O ?@8 <=5 45;05B 284, GB> =5 <>65B ?>4=OBLAO A ?>AB5;8, :0: ?0@0;8G=0O,  5=0B0, :>B>@0O F5;K<8 =545;O<8 =5 E>G5B ?5@5ABC?8BL ?>@>30 A2>59 :><=0BK, A;>2=> >=0 >B:070;0AL >B MB>3> ?> >15BC, -- 5420 >AB0;0AL >4=0, 3C;O5B ?> 78<=8< C;8F0< 4> BQ<=>9 =>G8! >6=> ;8 =5 25@8BL ?>A;5 MB>3> 4>304:0< 0=A0 595@0, GB> 2AO 5Q 1>;57=L -- B>;L:> 2>>1@065=85, GB> 2A5 5Q AB@040=8O -- B>;L:> @>;L =0 B50B@5!" 53>4CO, ?>GB8 2 3=525, 21560; O ?> ;5AB=8F5 2> 2B>@>9 MB06, => B0< =0 ?;>I04:5, >?8@0OAL =0 ?5@8;0, 640;0 <5=O  5=0B0, ?@8GQ< ;8F> 5Q 1K;> 1;54=> 8 >1;8G0;> 2>;=5=85 =5>1K:=>25==>5. 028452 <5=O, >=0 ?@>BO=C;0 @C:8, 27O;0 <5=O 70 ?;5G8 8, =5 4020O <=5 2K<>;28BL =8 A;>20, A0<0 =5 ?@>87=>AO ?@825BAB28O, A:070;0: --  C?@5EB, >= -- 745AL. / ?5@5A?@>A8;: -- B> 745AL? =0 ?>4B25@48;0: -- 5=@8E -- 745AL! / 53> 2845;0. / 3>2>@8;0 A =8<. IQ =5 A>2A5< 4>25@OO A;>20<  5=0BK, O AB0; 5Q A?@0H820BL: -- "K =5 >H81;0AL? "515 MB>, 1KBL <>65B, ?>:070;>AL? -B> 1K; :B>-=81C4L 4@C3>9. = A0< ?@87=0;AO B515, GB> >= -- 3@0D 5=@8E?  5=0B0 65 C2;5:;0 <5=O 2 A2>N :><=0BC, 70AB028;0 A5ABL 8, ?>GB8 ?@8;L=C2 :> <=5, =0:;>=82 A2>Q ;8F> 1;87:>, AB0;0, 704KE0OAL, @0AA:07K20BL <=5, GB> ?@>87>H;> A =5N 2 Q;L=5 70 MB8 420 4=O. > 5Q A;>20<, 2 AC11>BC, 2 G0A 25G5@=59 A;C61K, 59, :>340 >=0 >1KG=> 87=5<>30;0 C >:=0 2 E>;>4=>9 B>A:5, 24@C3 ?>A;KH0;AO B8E89, => O2AB25==K9 3>;>A, :0: 1K 0=35;LA:89, :>B>@K9 ?>2B>@8; B@864K: "= -- 745AL, >:>;> !>1>@0. = -- 745AL, >:>;> !>1>@0. = -- 745AL, >:>;> !>1>@0". >A;5 MB>3>  5=0B0 =5 <>3;0 =8 @0AAC640BL, =8 <54;8BL, =>, 2AB02 8 =0:8=C2 ?;0I, B>BG0A ?>A?5H8;0 : !>1>@C =0 ?;>I04L, 2 B> 2@5<O ?>;=CN =0@>4><. 5 ?@>H;> 8 ?OB8 <8=CB, :0: 2 B>;?5 >=0 @07;8G8;0 3@0D0 5=@8E0, H54H53> A 4@C38< <>;>4K< G5;>25:><, >1=O2H8AL. B 2>;=5=8O ?@8 MB>< 2845=88, > :>B>@>< >=0 A;8H:>< 4>;3> <5GB0;0,  5=0B0 5420 =5 C?0;0 157 GC2AB2, => =5:0O A8;0, :0: 1K 872=5, ?>445@60;0 5Q, 8 >=0 ?>A;54>20;0 70 84CI8<8 G5@57 25AL 3>@>4, ?>:0 >=8 =5 2>H;8 2 >48= 4><, ?@8=04;560I89 -4C0@4C (B59=C, 4@C3C 3C<0=8AB>2. 0 4@C3>9 45=L, 2 2>A:@5A5=L5, A @0==59 70@8,  5=0B0 1K;0 =0 AB@065 1;87 MB>3> 4><0, B2Q@4> @5H82 4>640BLAO ?>O2;5=8O 5=@8E0. 9 ?@8H;>AL 640BL 4>;3>, 25AL 45=L, => >=0 =5 >1@0I0;0 2=8<0=8O =0 87C<;Q==K5 273;O4K ?@>E>68E 8 ?>4>7@8B5;L=K5 -- @59B0@>2, 8 B>;L:> <KA;L, GB> 5=@8E <>3 =>GLN ?>:8=CBL 3>@>4, 70AB02;O;0 5Q 4@>60BL. 4@C3, C65 >:>;> AC<5@5:, 425@L @0AB2>@8;0AL, 8 ?>O28;AO 5=@8E A B5< 65 N=>H59, :0: 2G5@0, >682;Q==> 15A54CO.  5=0B0 ?>H;0 70 =8<8, ?@OG0AL C AB5=, 8 ?@>A;548;0 25AL 8E ?CBL 4>  59=0, 345 4@C7LO @0A?@>I0;8AL: =57=0:><5F =0?@028;AO =0 ?@8AB0=L, : AC40<, 0 5=@8E E>B5; 2>72@0B8BLAO. ">340  5=0B0 2KH;0 87 B5=8 8 =0720;0 53> ?> 8<5=8. > A;>20<  5=0BK, 5=@8E A@07C C7=0; 5Q, => >=0 1K;0 1K AG0AB;820, 5A;8 1K =5 1K;> B0:, 81> ;8F> 53>, 5420 >= ?>=O;, :B> ?5@54 =8<, 8A:078;>AL =53>4>20=85< 8 =5=028ABLN.  5=0B0 AE20B8;0 53> 70 @C:C; >= >A2>1>48;AO, A 4@>6LN 1@573;82>AB8, 8, >BAB@0=OO ?@>BO=CBK5 : =5<C ?0;LFK, ?KB0;AO C40;8BLAO ?@>GL. ">340  5=0B0 AB0;0 ?5@54 =8< =0 :>;5=8 =0 3@O7=>9 =015@56=>9, F5;>20;0 :@09 53> ?;0I0 8 A:070;0 5<C 2A5 B5 A;>20, :>B>@K5 B0: <=>3> @07 B25@48;0 <=5: :0: >=0 53> 640;0, :0: >=0 53> 8A:0;0, :0: >=0 53> ;N18B, 8 C<>;O;0 745AL 65 C18BL 5Q, ?>B><C GB> >B 53> C40@0 C<5@;0 1K A 1;065=AB2><, :0: A2OB0O. > 5=@8E >B25B8; 59, GB> =5 E>G5B =8 3>2>@8BL A =59, =8 2845BL 5Q, GB> 4065 =5 8<55B ?@020 ?@>AB8BL 5Q; =0:>=5F, 2K@202H8AL 87 5Q @C:, >= A:@K;AO, ?>GB8 C1530O, >AB0282 5Q >4=C, 2 B5<=>B5 8 157;N488. 5AL MB>B @0AA:07  5=0B0 ?@>25;0 >4=8< 4CE><, 3>2>@O 3>;>A>< B2Q@4K< 8 2K18@0O 2K@065=8O 25@=K5 8 :0@B8==K5, =>, 4>94O 4> :>=F0, >=0 24@C3 A@07C ?>B5@O;0 A8;K 8 2>;N 8 70;8;0AL A;570<8: A;>2=> 1K A?0; 25B5@, 3=02H89 :>@01;L 5Q 4CH8, 8 ?0@CA0 60;>AB=> 70E;>?0;8 ?> A=0ABO<.  B>BG0A BO65;> >?CAB8;0AL >=0 =0 ?>;, B0: :0: >BG0O=85 2A5340 2;5:;> 5Q : 75<;5, 8, :;>=OAL =8G:><, =0G0;0 @K40BL 8 18BLAO, ?>2B>@OO 15A?><>I=> >4=8 8 B5 65 A;>20, =5 A;CH0O =8 <>8E ;0A:>2KE CB5H5=89, =8 <>8E ?KB;82KE 2>?@>A>2. @87=0NAL, GB> =0 <5=O @0AA:07  5=0BK, E>BO 2 B>B 45=L O 8 1K; >B =5Q 1>;55 40;Q:, G5< 2A5340, -- ?@>872Q; 2?5G0B;5=85 >H5;><;ONI55: C <5=O 7018;>AL A5@4F5 ?@5@K28AB> 8 2AO 4CH0 A;>2=> =0?>;=8;0AL GQ@=K< 4K<>< >B 27@K20. KA;L, GB> :B>-B> A<5; >1@0I0BLAO =04<5==> 8 ?@57@8B5;L=> A 65=I8=>9, ?5@54 :>B>@>9 O ?@82K: AB>OBL =0 :>;5=OE, 1K;0 <=5 =5AB5@?8<0. 4=0:> O =5 ?>72>;8; A515 ?>440BLAO 3=52C 8 @52=>AB8, => ?>AB0@0;AO >BGQB;82> @07>1@0BLAO 2 B><, GB> ?@>87>H;>, E>BO >=> 8 ?@54AB02;O;>AL <=5 15A?>@O4>G=K< 8 AB@5<8B5;L=K< 28E@5<. 0: B>;L:>  5=0B0 ?>;CG8;0 >?OBL E>BL =5:>B>@CN 2>7<>6=>ABL 3>2>@8BL A2O7=>, O ?>?@>A8; 5Q ?>2B>@8BL <=5 B>G=55 A;>20 5=@8E0. AQ 5IQ 70E;51K20OAL A;570<8, >=0 2>A:;8:=C;0: -- 0: >= >A:>@1;O; <5=O! 0: >= <5=O >A:>@1;O;! = 3>2>@8; <=5, GB> O 1K;0 7;K< 35=85< 53> 687=8! 'B> O ?>3C18;0 2AN 53> AC4L1C. 'B> O >B=O;0 53> C 510. 'B> O -- >B LO2>;0. = A:070; <=5, GB> ?@578@05B <5=O. 'B> 2>A?><8=0=85 > =0H59 ;N128 5<C >B2@0B8B5;L=>. 'B> =0H0 ;N1>2L 1K;0 <5@7>ABL 8 3@5E, 2 :>B>@K5 O 702;5:0;0 53> ?>ABK4=K< >1<0=><. 'B> >=, GB> >=... ?;NQB =0 =0HC ;N1>2L! ">340 O A?@>A8;, ?>G5<C 3@0D 5=@8E <>3 3>2>@8BL, GB>  5=0B0 >B=O;0 53> C 510?  0725 =5 A0< >=, 4>1@>2>;L=>, C2Q7 5Q 2 A2>9 70<>:, GB>1K 68BL A =59, :0: A 65=>9 8 :0: A 1;87:>9?  B0: :0: 2 B>B G0A 2A5 >1KG=K5 ?;>B8=K 2 4CH5  5=0BK 1K;8 A;><0=K AB@5<8B5;L=K< ?>B>:>< 5Q 3>@O, B>, =5 45;0O 4065 ?>?KB:8 70I8I0BLAO, >=0 C?0;0 ;8F>< <=5 =0 :>;5=8 8 2>A:;8:=C;0 A :0:>9-B> ?>A;54=59 8A:@5==>ABLN, B0: 4;O =5Q =5?@82KG=>9: --  C?@5EB!  C?@5EB! / CB08;0 >B B51O A0<>5 206=>5! 5=@8E =8:>340 =5 8A:0; G5;>25G5A:>9 ;N128! = =5 4>;65= 1K; =8:>340 2 687=8 ?@8:0A0BLAO : 65=I8=5! -B> O, MB> O 70AB028;0 53> 87<5=8BL :;OB25! 0, O >B=O;0 53> C 510, O C =53> >B=O;0 ;CGH85 <5GBK, 8 70 MB> >= <5=O B5?5@L ?@578@05B 8 =5=02848B! @>4>;60O >AB>@>6=> ?>4:@04K20BLAO : 8AB8=5, :0: 725@L : 4>1KG5, O, 2>?@>A 70 2>?@>A><, 2K2540; 70B5< C  5=0BK 2AQ B>, GB> >=0 CB08;0 >B <5=O > 5=@8E5 2 A2>Q< ?5@2>< @0AA:075 8 > GQ< =5 >1<>;28;0AL =8 @07C 70 B@8 <5AOF0 =0H59 >1I59 687=8. / C7=0;, GB> 5=@8E 1K; CG0AB=8:>< >4=>3> B09=>3> >1I5AB20, 2ABC?0O 2 :>B>@>5 40NB >15B F5;><C4@8O. -B> >1I5AB2> 4>;6=> 1K;> A:@5?8BL E@8AB80=A:89 <8@ 1>;55 B5A=K< >1@CG5<, =565;8 F5@:>2L, 8 AB0BL 2> 3;025 2A59 75<;8 1>;55 2;0AB=>, =565;8 8<?5@0B>@ 8 A2OB59H89 >B5F. 5=@8E <5GB0;, GB> >= 1C45B 871@0= 3@>AA<59AB5@>< MB>3> >@45=0 8 2K2545B ;04LN G5;>25G5AB20 87 ?CG8=K 7;0 =0 ?CBL ?@024K 8 A25B0.  5=0BC ?>720; >= 70 A>1>9 ;8HL :0: ?><>I=8FC 2 53> >?KB0E =>2>9, 1>65AB25==>9 <0388, 81> 5<C =C6=0 1K;0 >A>10O A8;0, B0OI0OAO 2 =5:>B>@KE ;N4OE. >  5=0B0, ?>G8B0O 5=@8E0 2>?;>I5=85< A2>53> 048M;O, ?@81;878;0AL : =5<C A >4=>9 F5;LN -- 2;045BL 8< 8, =5 ?@5=51@530O =8:0:8<8 A@54AB20<8, 4>AB83;0 B>@65AB20 A2>8E 65;0=89. 4=0:> 5=@8E, ?>A;5 =54>;3>3> 2@5<5=8, 2 :>B>@>5 C< 53> 1K; >A;5?;5= AB@0ABLN, ?@8HQ; 2 C60A >B A>25@HQ==>3> 8, 2 3>@L:>< @0A:0O=L8, 1560; 87 @>4=>3> 70<:0, :0: 87 70GC<;5==>9 AB@0=K. "0:>5 8AB>;:>20=85 A>1KB89 ?>:070;>AL <=5 3>@074> 1>;55 ?@024>?>4>1=K<, =565;8 B>, :>B>@>5  5=0B0 4020;0 <=5 @0=LH5, -- 8 O, A>548=82 =0:>=5F 2 >4=> F5;>5 >B45;L=K5 =8B8 5Q @0AA:070, A?@>A8; C =5Q: -- A;8 BK A0<0 A>7=05HL, GB> 28=>20B0 ?5@54 3@0D>< 5=@8E><, GB> BK ;8H8;0 53> ;CGH59 =04564K 8 >B=O;0 C =53> A2OBCN F5;L 687=8, :0: 65 BK C482;O5HLAO, GB> >= =5=02848B B51O?  5=0B0 <54;5==> ?@8?>4=O;0AL A ?>;C, ?>A<>B@5;0 =0 <5=O 24@C3 2KA>EH8<8 3;070<8 8 ?>B>< A:070;0 A>25@H5==> =>2K<, B2Q@4K<, A;>2=> >B;8BK< 87 AB0;8, 3>;>A><: -- /, <>65B 1KBL, =5 C482;ONAL 2>2A5. /, <>65B 1KBL, @040 B><C, GB> 5=@8E <5=O =5=02848B. / ?;0GC =5 ?> =Q<, => ?> A515. =5 =5 53> 60;:> ?>B5@OBL, => ABK4=> 8 3>@L:>, GB> O <>3;0 B0: ;N18BL 53>, B0: ?@54020BLAO 5<C. / A0<0 53> =5=0286C! "5?5@L O C7=0;0 B>G=>, > GQ< 4>304K20;0AL 402=>. 5=@8E >1<0=C; <5=O! = -- B>;L:> G5;>25:, ?@>AB>9 G5;>25:, :>B>@>3> <>6=> A>1;07=8BL 8 :>B>@>3> <>6=> ?>3C18BL, 0 O, 2 157C<88, 2>>1@060;0, GB> >= -- <>9 0=35;! 5B, =5B, 5=@8E -- B>;L:> 3@0D BB5@359<, =5C402H89AO 3@>AA<59AB5@ A2>53> >@45=0, 0 <>9 048M;L -- =0 =515A0E 25G=> G8ABK9, 25G=> ?@5:@0A=K9, 25G=> =54>ABC?=K9!  5=0B0 A;>68;0 @C:8, :0: 4;O <>;8B2K, 0 O ?>GQ; MB> <3=>25=85 ?>4E>4OI8< 4;O B>3>, GB>1K 2KA:070BL 59 2AQ B>, > GQ< <5GB0; 8 @074C<K20; =0 2>72@0B=>< ?CB8 87 >==0. / A:070;: --  5=0B0! B0:, BK C1548;0AL, GB> 3@0D 5=@8E -- =5 B2>9 0=35; 048M;L, => ?@>AB>9 A<5@B=K9, :>B>@K9 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O ;N18; B51O 8 :>B>@>3> BK ;N18;0 5420 ;8 =5 ?> 701;C645=8N. K=5 ;N1>2L MB0 ?>30A;0 2 =Q<, @02=> :0: 8 2 B515, 8 B2>Q A5@4F5,  5=0B0, A2>1>4=>. A?><=8 65, GB> 1;87 B51O 5ABL 4@C3>9, :><C MB> A5@4F5 4>@>65 2A5E 7>;>BKE @>AAK?59 5:A8:8! A;8 A> A?>:>9=>9 4CH>9, E>BO 1K 8 157 AB@0AB8, BK <>65HL ?@>BO=CBL <=5 A2>N @C:C 8 40BL <=5 =0 1C4CI55 >15I0=85 25@=>AB8, O ?@8<C MB>, :0: =5AG0AB=K9 =8I89 :>@>;52A:CN <8;>ABK=N, :0: ?CABK==8: 1;03>40BL A =510! >B, 5IQ @07,  5=0B0, O =0 :>;5=OE ?5@54 B>1>9, -- 8 >B B51O 7028A8B >1@0B8BL 2AQ A2>Q AB@0H=>5 ?@>H;>5 2 701K20NI89AO A>=.  5=0B0, ?>A;5 <>8E A;>2, 2AB0;0, 2K?@O<8;0AL, >?CAB8;0 <=5 @C:8 =0 ?;5G8 8 A:070;0 B0:: -- / 1C4C B2>59 65=>9, => BK 4>;65= C18BL 5=@8E0! BABC?82 =0 H03, O ?5@5A?@>A8;, B0: ;8 O @0AA;KH0;, ?>B><C GB> 5IQ @07  5=0B0 =5A:>;L:8<8 A;>20<8 ?5@525@=C;0 2AQ <>Q ?@54AB02;5=85 > =59, A;>2=> @51Q=>:, ?5@52Q@BK20NI89 <5H>:, 87 :>B>@>3> AK?;NBAO =0 75<;N 2A5 ;5602H85 B0< 25I8, -- 8  5=0B0 ?>2B>@8;0 <=5 3>;>A>< A?>:>9=K<, =>, ?>-2848<><C, 2 :@09=5< 2>;=5=88: -- "K 4>;65= C18BL 5=@8E0! = =5 A<55B 68BL, ?>A;5 B>3> :0: 2K4020; A51O 70 4@C3>3>, 70 2KAH53>. = C:@0; C <5=O <>8 ;0A:8 8 <>N ;N1>2L. #159 53>, C159 53>,  C?@5EB, 8 O 1C4C B2>59! / 1C4C B515 25@=0, O 1C4C B51O ;N18BL, O ?>94C 70 B>1>9 2AN4C -- 8 2 MB>9 687=8, 8 2 25G=>< >3=5, :C40 >B:@>5BAO ?CBL =0< >1>8<! / 2>7@078;: -- / -- =5 =0Q<=K9 C189F0,  5=0B0, =5 =50?>;8B0=5F, O =5 <>3C ?>46840BL 3@0D0 70 C3;>< 8 C40@8BL 53> :8=60;>< 2 A?8=C: <=5 G5ABL =5 ?>72>;8B MB>3>!  5=0B0 >B25B8;0: -- 5C65;8 BK =5 =094QHL ?>2>4>2 2K720BL 53> =0 1>9? !BC?09 : =5<C, :0: BK ?>HQ; : 3@8??5, >A:>@18 53> 8;8 70AB02L 53> >A:>@18BL B51O, -- @0725 <0;> C <C6G8=K A@54AB2, GB>1K C18BL 4@C3>3>? 5=O 2 MB>9 @5G8 ?>@078;>, ?@5645 2A53>, C?><8=0=85 >1 3@8??5, B0: :0: 4> B>9 <8=CBK O 1K; C25@5=, GB>  5=0B0, >B=>AOAL 157CG0AB=> :> 2A5<C =0 A25B5, =5 7=0;0 > F5;8 <>59 ?>574:8. 'B> 65 :0A05BAO A0<>3> B@51>20=8O -- C18BL 3@0D0 5=@8E0, B> O ;8F5<5@8; 1K, 5A;8 1K AB0; CB25@640BL, GB> >=> <5=O C60A=C;>. !<CB8;0 <5=O ;8HL =5>6840==>ABL A;>2  5=0BK, => 2 3;C18=0E 4CH8 <>59 >=8 A@07C =0H;8 A>GC2AB25==K9 >B72C:, A;>2=> 1K :B>-B> C40@8; 2 <54=K9 I8B ?5@54 3;C1>:8<8 3@>B0<8 8 <=>3>3;0A=>5 ME>, 70<8@0O 40;5:>, 4>;3> ?>2B>@O;> MB>B 72C:.  :>340  5=0B0 =0G0;0 B5A=8BL <5=O, :0: ?@>B82=8: 2@030, 703=0==>3> 2 CI5;L5, 2K@K20BL C <5=O A>3;0A85, :0: ?0=B5@0 :CA>: <OA0 87 GC68E :>3B59, -- O A>?@>B82;O;AO =5 >G5=L C?>@=>, ?>GB8 4;O 284C, 8 40; BC :;OB2C, :>B>@>9 >=0 640;0. 420 O ?@>87=QA @5H0NI85 A;>20, :0:  5=0B0 ?5@5<5=8;0 2AQ A2>Q ?>2545=85. =570?=> 70<5B8;0 >=0, GB> O 87=5<>30N >B CAB0;>AB8 ?>A;5 4>2>;L=> ?@>4>;68B5;L=>3> ?CB8; A 701>B;82>ABLN, :>B>@0O 4> B>3> 2@5<5=8 ?@>O2;O;0AL 2 =59 B0: @54:>, 1@>A8;0AL >=0 A=8<0BL A <5=O 4>@>6=>5 ?;0BL5, ?@8=5A;0 <=5 2>4K, GB>1K C<KBLAO, @07KA:0;0 <=5 C68= 8 28=0. =0 24@C3 AB0;0 A> <=>N :0: A0<0O 4>1@0O, 4><>28B0O 65=0 A ;N18<K< AC?@C3>< 8;8 :0: AB0@H0O A5AB@0 A 70E2>@02H8< <;04H8< 1@0B><. 5@5AB02 3>2>@8BL > 3@0D5 5=@8E5, A;>2=> ?>701K2 25AL =0H >65AB>GQ==K9 @073>2>@ 8 <>N :;OB2C.  5=0B0 70 C68=>< =0G0;0 @0AA?@0H820BL <5=O > <>59 ?>574:5, 8=B5@5ACOAL 2A5<, GB> A> <=>N A;CG8;>AL, >1AC640O A> <=>N A;>20 3@8??K, :0: 2 AG0AB;82K5 4=8 =0H8E >1I8E 70=OB89. >340 O, 284O A:2>7L >:=0 A>25@H5==> GQ@=>5 =51>, A>7=020O 2=CB@5==8< GC2AB2><, GB> <K C65 ?5@5ABC?8;8 G5@57 ?>@>3 ?>;=>G8, E>B5;, ?>F5;>202 @C:C  5=0BK, C40;8BLAO : A515, -- >=0 B8E> A:070;0 <=5, >?CAB82 3;070, :0: =525AB0: -- >G5<C BK A53>4=O =5 E>G5HL >AB0BLAO A> <=>9? @87=0NAL, MB>B 2>?@>A ?>@078; <5=O 2 A0<>5 A5@4F5. #65 2 B5G5=85 <=>38E =545;L  5=0B0 1>;55 =5 ?>72>;O;0 <=5 ?@>2>48BL =>G8 1;87 A51O, 8 O 2A?><8=0; > =0H59 ?@56=59 1;87>AB8, :0: > AG0AB88 =54>ABC?=><.  2>B, :>340 O, =5 A<5O <5GB0BL > B><, GB>1K >AB0BLAO A  5=0B>N, ?@5>4>;520O A:>@1L, A =5N ?@>I0;AO, >=0 24@C3 7040;0 <=5 B0:>9 2>?@>A, A;>2=> 1K O >1860; 5Q A2>8< CE>4><! 5 2A?><=N, GB> O >B25B8;  5=0B5, 7=0N B>;L:>, GB> <K >AB0;8AL 2<5AB5, 8 MB>B @07  5=0B0 =5 70E>B5;0, GB>1K O CAB@>8;AO =0 45@52O==>< ?><>AB5 1;87 5Q ?>AB5;8, => ?>720;0 <5=O ;5GL A =5N @O4><, >?OBL :0: 2 ?5@2K5 4=8. 0;> B>3>, B>BG0A  5=0B0 AB0;0 ?@868<0BLAO :> <=5 2A5< B5;><, :0: ;N1>2=8F0, F5;>20;0 <5=O, 8A:0;0 <>8E 3C1, <>8E @C:, 2A53> <5=O.  :>340 O, >BAB@0=OOAL, A:070; 59, GB> >=0 =5 4>;6=0 8A:CH0BL <5=O,  5=0B0 >B25G0;0 <=5: -- >;6=0! >;6=0! / E>GC 1KBL A B>1>9! !53>4=O O E>GC B51O! "0: =5>6840==> A>25@H8;>AL =0H5 ?5@2>5 A>548=5=85 A  5=0B>N, :0: <C6G8=K A 65=I8=>9, 2 45=L, :>340 O 2A53> <5=55 640; MB>3>, ?>A;5 @073>2>@0, :>B>@K9 2A53> <5=55 2Q; : MB><C. "0 =>GL AB0;0 =0H59 ?5@2>9 1@0G=>9 =>GLN, ?>A;5 B>3> :0: =5<0;> =>G59 <K ?@>25;8 =0 >4=>9 ?>AB5;8, A;>2=> 1@0B 8 A5AB@0, 8 ?>A;5 B>3>, :0: =5A:>;L:> <5AOF52 <K 68;8 @O4><, A;>2=> A:@><=K5 4@C7LO. >, :>340 O, 2 <C:5 =5>6840==>3> AG0ABLO, >?LO=52 >B A25@H5=8O 2A53>, GB> <=5 C65 :070;>AL =52>7<>6=K<, ?@8=8:, 8AB><;Q==K9, : 3C10<  5=0BK, GB>1K ?>F5;C5< 1;03>40@8BL 5Q 70 A2>9 B@5?5B, -- 24@C3 C2845; O, GB> 5Q 3;070 2=>2L ?>;=K A;570<8, GB> A;Q7K B5:CB ?> 5Q I5:0< 8 GB> 3C1K 5Q 8A:@82;5=K C;K1:>9 1>;8 8 157=04Q6=>AB8. / 2>A:;8:=C;: --  5=0B0!  5=0B0! 5C65;8 BK ?;0G5HL? =0 >B25B8;0 <=5 A402;5==K< 3>;>A><: -- &5;C9 <5=O,  C?@5EB! 0A:09 <5=O,  C?@5EB! 54L O 65 >B40;0AL B515! 54L O 65 >B40;0 B515 2AQ <>Q B5;>! IQ! IQ! >GB8 2 AB@0E5, C?0; O =8F =0 ?>4CH:8, A0< 3>B>2K9 ?;0:0BL 8 A:@565B0BL 7C10<8, =>  5=0B0 A =0A8;85< 2;5:;0 <5=O : A515, 70AB02;OO 1KBL 682K< >@C485< 5Q ?KB:8, 4>1@>2>;L=K<, => A>4@>30NI8<AO ?0;0G><, B5@70O 8 @0A?8=0O A51O, A =5=0AKB8<>9 6064>9, =0 :>;5A5 ;0A: 8 :@5AB5 A;04>AB@0AB8O. =0 >1<0=K20;0 <5=O, A=>20 8 A=>20, ?@8B2>@=>9 =56=>ABLN, A>1;07=O;0 AB@0ABLN, <>65B 1KBL, 8 =5 8A:CAAB25==>9, => ?@54=07=0G02H59AO =5 <=5, 8, 21@>A82 A2>Q B5;> 2 ?;0<O 8 2 ?8;K, AB>=0;0 >B 1;065=AB20 -- GC2AB2>20BL 1>;L, ?;0:0;0 >B ?>A;54=59 @04>AB8 -- ?@578@0BL A51O.  4> A0<>3> CB@0 4;8;0AL MB0 GC4>28I=0O 83@0 2 ;N1>2L 8 AG0ABL5, 2 :>B>@>9 ?>F5;C8 1K;8 >AB@K<8 :;8=:0<8, ?@87K2K : =0A;0645=8N -- C3@>70<8 AC4L8, 2;030 AB@0AB8 -- :@>2LN, 0 2AO =0H0 1@0G=0O ?>AB5;L -- GQ@=K< 70AB5=:><. -B>B 25G5@, :>340 2> 8<O ;N128 >B <5=O ?>B@51>20;8 C189AB20, 8 MB0 =>GL, :>340 2> 8<O AB@0AB8 >B <5=O ?>B@51>20;8 <C:, >AB0;8AL A0<K< AB@0H=K< 87 <>8E 1@54>2, 8 A>= 87=5<>65=8O, 8710282H89 <5=O >B 4LO2>;LA:8E 2845=89, >:070; <=5 <8;>ABL 1>;LHCN, G5< B> <>3;8 2A5 2;04K:8 <8@0. / CB@>< ?@>A=C;AO 87<CG5==K9 A8;L=55, G5< 1K; 1K ?>A;5 ?>;C3>4>2>3> 70:;NG5=8O 2 ?>475<=>9 BN@L<5: <>8 3;070 5420 2 A8;0E 1K;8 A<>B@5BL =0 A25B 8 A>7=0=85 <>Q 1K;> BCA:;>, A;>2=> ?;>E>5 AB5:;>. >  5=0B0, ?>@>9, 1K20;0 :0: 87 <5B0;;0, B2Q@40O 8 C?@C30O, =5 7=0NI0O =8:0:>3> CB><;5=8O, 8 :>340 O 2?5@2K5 2AB@5B8; 5Q 273;O4 -- >= 1K; 2AQ B>B 65, GB> =0:0=C=5. ;O <5=O 2AQ 1K;> 5IQ B0: A<CB=>, GB> O 3>B>2 1K; A><=520BLAO, 682K ;8 <K >10, 0  5=0B0 C65 720;0 <5=O A 15760;>AB=>9 =0AB>9G82>ABLN: --  C?@5EB! ?>@0! ?>@0! K 4>;6=K 84B8 : 5=@8EC A59G0A 65! / E>GC, GB>1K BK C18; 53> A:>@>, A53>4=O, 702B@0! =0 =5 4020;0 <=5 >4C<0BLAO, >=0 B>@>?8;0 <5=O, A;>2=> =0 :>@01;5 2 G0A :@CH5=8O, :>340 :0640O <8=CB0 4>@>30, -- 8 B5?5@L MB> O ?>4G8=O;AO A ?>:>@=>ABLN 0=4@>840 ;L15@B0 5;8:>3>. 5 A?>@O, ?@8=0@O48;AO O :0: <>3 ;CGH5, =045; A2>N H?03C 8 ?>A;54>20; 70  5=0B>N, :>B>@0O ?>25;0 <5=O ?> ?CABK==K< CB@5==8< C;8F0<, -- <>;G0, =5 >B:;8:0OAL =0 <>8 A;>20, B>G=> 8A?>;=OO GLN-B> =5>4>;8<CN 2>;N. 0:>=5F ?>4>H;8 <K : 4><C -4C0@40 (B59=0, 1>;LH><C 8 @>A:>H=><C, A E8B@K<8 10;:>=0<8 8 ;5?=K<8 >12>40<8 C >:>=, 8, A >4=8< B>;L:> A;>2>< "745AL",  5=0B0, C:0702 <=5 BO6Q;K5, @57=K5 425@8, 1KAB@> ?>25@=C;0AL 8 ?>H;0 ?@>GL, :0: 1K >AB02;OO <5=O =0548=5 A <>59 A>25ABLN. ?@>G5<, 8 =5 A<>B@O 2A;54  5=0B5, O B>BG0A ?>GC2AB2>20;, GB> >=0 =5 C94QB 40;5:>, => C:@>5BAO 70 ?5@2K< ?>2>@>B>< 8 1C45B 640BL <>53> 2B>@8G=>3> ?>O2;5=8O C MB>9 425@8, GB>1K, :8=C2H8AL, 2KE20B8BL C <5=O B>BG0A 8725AB85 >1 CA?5E5. !:070BL ?@024C, O 1K; B0: >3;CHQ= 70:@CB82H8< <5=O A<5@G5< A>1KB89, GB>, ?@>B82 A2>53> >1K:=>25=8O, A>2A5< =5 CA?5; 2=8<0B5;L=> 8 AB@>3> >1AC48BL A2>Q ?>;>65=85. ">;L:> 27O2H8AL, GB>1K ?>ABCG0BLAO, 70 425@=CN @CG:C, <0AA82=CN 8 CB>=GQ==>9 @01>BK, 2A?><=8; O, GB> =5 ?>43>B>28; A;>2 4;O @073>2>@0 A 5=@8E><, GB> 2>>1I5 =5 7=0N, GB> O 1C4C 45;0BL, 2>94O 2 MB>B 1>30BK9 4><. 54;8BL, >4=0:>, 1K;> =5 2@5<O, 8 A B>N @5H8<>ABLN, A :0:>9, 706<C@82 3;070, 1@>A0NBAO 2 ?CG8=C, O C40@8; B2Q@4> 8 3@><:> <5B0;;>< ?> <5B0;;C 8, :>340 A;C30 >B2>@8; <=5 425@L, A:070;, GB> 4>;65= =5?@5<5==> 2845BL >AB0=>282H53>AO 2 MB>< 4><5 3@0D0 5=@8E0 D>= BB5@359<, ?> 45;C 206=><C 8 =5 B5@?OI5<C >B;030B5;LAB20. !;C30 ?@>2Q; <5=O G5@57 ?5@54=NN, CAB02;5==CN 2KA>:8<8, => 87OI=K<8 H:0D0<8, ?>B>< ?> H8@>:>9 ;5AB=8F5 A :@0A82K<8 ?5@8;0<8, 40;55 5IQ G5@57 2E>4=CN :><=0BC, 345 28A5;8 :0@B8=K, 87>1@0602H85 @07=KE 682>B=KE, 8 =0:>=5F, ?>ABCG02H8AL, >B2>@8; <=5 <0;5=L:CN 425@L. / C2845; ?5@54 A>1>9 C7:CN :><=0BC A 45@52O==K<, @07C:@0H5==K< ?>B>;:><, A @57=K<8 D@870<8 ?> AB5=0<, 2AN 70AB02;5==CN 45@52O==K<8 4;O :=83 0=0;>O<8, -- 87-70 :>B>@KE 8 2KABC?8; <=5 =02AB@5GC <>;>4>9 G5;>25:, >45BK9 87KA:0==>, :0: @KF0@L, 2 HQ;:, A ?@>@57=K<8 @C:020<8, A 7>;>B>9 F5?LN =0 3@C48 8 <=>65AB2>< <5;:8E 7>;>BKE C:@0H5=89. / ?>=O;, GB> MB> -- 3@0D 5=@8E. 5A:>;L:> <3=>25=89, ?@5645 G5< 703>2>@8BL, 2A<0B@820;AO O 2 MB>3> G5;>25:0, A :>B>@K<, 157 53> 254><0, C65 B0: 402=> 1K;0 GC45A=K< >1@07>< A2O70=0 <>O AC4L10, >1@07 :>B>@>3> B0: G0AB> A8;8;AO O ?@54AB028BL, :>B>@>3>, ?>@>N, AG8B0; B> =515A=K< 4CE><, B> A>740=85< 1>;L=>3> 2>>1@065=8O. 5=@8EC =0 284 1K;> =5 1>;55 4204F0B8 ;5B, 8 2> 2AQ< ACI5AB25 53> 1K; B0:>9 871KB>: A2565AB8 8 N=>AB8, GB>, :070;>AL, 8E =5 <>65B A>:@CH8BL =8GB> 2 <8@5, B0: GB> AB0=>28;>AL ?>GB8 AB@0H=> 8 =52>;L=> 2A?><8=0;>AL > 25G=>9 <>;>4>AB8, :0:CN 1C4B> 1K 40QB ;N4O< B08=AB25==K9 =0?8B>:, @0AB2>@82H89 2 A515 0;E8<8G5A:89 :0<5=L <C4@5F>2. 8F> 5=@8E0, 1571>@>4>5 8 ?>;CN=>H5A:>5, 1K;> =5 AB>;L:> :@0A82>, A:>;L:> ?>@078B5;L=>: 3>;C1K5 3;070 53>, A8452H85 3;C1>:> ?>4 =5A:>;L:> @54:8<8 @5A=8F0<8, :070;8AL >A:>;:0<8 ;07C@=>3> =510, 3C1K, <>65B 1KBL, A;8H:>< ?>;=K5, A:;04K20;8AL =52>;L=> 2 C;K1:C, B0:CN 65, :0: C 0=35;>2 =0 8:>=0E, 0 2>;>AK, 459AB28B5;L=> ?>E>685 =0 7>;>BK5 =8B8, B0: :0: 1K;8 >=8 B>=:8, >AB@K 8 ACE8 8 4> AB@0==>AB8 ;560;8 :064K9 >B45;L=>, 2>7=>A8;8AL =04 53> G5;><, A;>2=> =8<1 A2OBKE. > 2A5E 42865=8OE 5=@8E0 1K;0 AB@5<8B5;L=>ABL =5 1530, => ?>;QB0, 8 5A;8 1K ?@>4>;60;8 =0AB0820BL, GB> >= -- 68B5;L =510, ?@8=O2H89 G5;>25G5A:89 >1;8:, O 1K, <>65B 1KBL, C2845; 70 53> 45BA:8<8 ?;5G0<8 420 15;KE ;51548=KE :@K;0. 5@2K< 3@0D 5=@8E ?@5@20; <>;G0=85, :>=5G=>, =54>;3>5, => :0702H55AO 4;8B5;L=K<, A?@>A82 <5=O, :0:CN <>65B >= >:070BL <=5 CA;C3C, -- 8 3>;>A 53>, :>B>@K9 O CA;KH0; 745AL 2 ?5@2K9 @07, ?>:070;AO <=5 A0<K< ?@5:@0A=K< 2 53> ACI5AB25, -- ?52CG89, ;53:> 8 1KAB@> ?5@5E>4OI89 2A5 ABC?5=8 <C7K:0;L=KE B>=>2. !>1@02 2A5 A8;K A2>59 A>>1@078B5;L=>AB8, AB0@0OAL 3>2>@8BL ?;02=> 8 A2>1>4=>, => 4065 =5 7=0O, G5< 70:>=GC ?@54;>65=8O, ?5@2K5 A;>20 :>B>@KE ?@>87=>HC, -- O =0G0; ?>GB8B5;L=CN @5GL. / A:070;, GB> <=>3> A;KH0; > 3@0D5 :0: > 70<5G0B5;L=>< CGQ=><, 2 <>;>4K5 3>4K ?@>=8:H5< 8 70?@5B=K5 B09=K ?@8@>4K 8 2> 2A5 A>:@>25==K5 CG5=8O, >B 8D03>@0 8 ;>B8=0 4> CG8B5;59 =0H8E 4=59; GB> A @0==53> 45BAB20 2;5:;> <5=O =5CB>;8<>5 65;0=85 : ?>7=0=8N 2KAH59 <C4@>AB8, : 8A:0=8N ?5@2>?@8G8=K 2A5E 25I59; GB> CA5@4=K< 8 ?@8;56=K< 87CG5=85< 4>AB83 O =5:>B>@>9 2KA>BK ?>=8<0=8O, => C25@8;AO A =5A><=5==>ABLN, GB> ;8G=K<8 CA8;8O<8 =5;L7O ?@>=8:=CBL 2 ?>A;54=85 B09=K, 81> ?>A2OIQ==K5, 5IQ A> 2@5<Q= %8@0<0, AB@>8B5;O !>;><>=>20, ?5@540NB >A=>2=K5 8AB8=K ;8HL CAB=> CG5=8:0<; GB> B>;L:> 2 >1I5AB20E, 345, :0: 1;03>40BL 2 &5@:28, ?@55<AB25==> ?5@540NBAO >B:@>25=8O 4@52=59H8E =0@>4>2: 52@552, E0;4552, 538?BO= 8 3@5:>2, 2>7<>6=> ?@89B8 : F5;8 =0 ?CB8 ?>7=0=8O; GB>, 7=0O 3@0D0 70 ;8F> 2;8OB5;L=>5 8 206=>5 2 A0<>< 7=0G8B5;L=>< 87 MB8E >1I5AB2, :>B>@K5 2A5 A2O70=K <564C A>1>N 548=AB2>< 7040G 8 548=AB2>< 45;0, O 8 ?@81530N B5?5@L : =5<C A ?@>AL1>N -- ?><>GL <=5 2ABC?8BL, ?>:>@=K< CG5=8:><, 2 >4=> 87 =8E.  <>5<C C482;5=8N, MB0 @5GL, =0?>;>28=C E20AB;820O 8 =0?>;>28=C ;8F5<5@=0O, 2 :>B>@>9 O ?>AB0@0;AO 2KAB028BL =0?>:07 2A5 A2>8 A:C4=K5 A2545=8O > B08=AB25==KE >@45=0E ?>A2OIQ==KE, -- 1K;0 2AB@5G5=0 3@0D>< 5=@8E>< :0: GB>-B>, 4>AB>9=>5 2=8<0=8O. @8=O2 <5=O, :065BAO, 70 >4=>3> 87 ?>A2OIQ==KE, E>BO 8 AB>OI53> 2=5 >1I5AB2, 5=@8E ?>A?5H=> 8 A :@09=59 256;82>ABLN C:070; <=5 =0 A:0<LN, A5; A0< 8, 3;O4O <=5 2 ;8F> 3@CAB=K<8 8 >B:@>25==K<8 3;070<8, 703>2>@8; A> <=>N, :0: 1;87:89 A 1;87:8<. -- B25BLB5 A=0G0;0, -- A:070; <=5 >=, -- @>4AB25==K ;8 2K =0< ?> >A=>2=K< CAB@5<;5=8O< A2>53> 4CE0? 4CH52;5=K ;8 2K, :0: 8 <K, =5=028ABLN : 725@O< >AB>:0 8 0?040? @8=O;8 ;8 2K, :0: ?5@2>5 8 25G=>5 @C:>2>4AB2>, M<1;5<C !K=0 >A?>4=O, >70@Q==CN A25B><? 0645B5 ;8 ?>4=OBLAO : =515A=K< 2@0B0< ?> A5<8 ABC?5=O< 87 A28=F0, ;0BC=8, <548, 65;570, 1@>=7K, A5@51@0 8 7>;>B0? > ?@0245, O <0;> GB> ?>=O; 87 MB8E AB@0==KE 2>?@>A>2, => ?>4>1=K5 2K@065=8O 1K;8 =5 2 =>2>ABL <=5, B>;L:> GB> ?@>G8B02H5<C <=>65AB2> :=83 ?> <0388, 8 E>BO B>B G0A :070;AO <=5 B>340 206=59H8< 2 687=8, =5 ?@5>4>;5; O ;C:02>3> A>1;07=0, :>B>@K9 ?><0=8; <5=O 8A?KB0BL, =0A:>;L:> A0<8 ?>A2OIQ==K5 ?>=8<0NB 4@C3 4@C30. @8?><=82 =5A:>;L:> 70304>G=KE 2K@065=89, 2AB@5G5==KE <=>N 2 "M<0=4@5" 8 4@C38E ?>4>1=KE A>G8=5=8OE, ?>AB0@0;AO O >B25B8BL 5=@8EC 2 B>=5 53> @5G8 8 >701>B8;AO ?@8 MB>< 2A53> 1>;55, GB>1K A;>20 <>8 =5 8<5;8 =8:0:>3> >B=>H5=8O : 53>, 81> B0:CN >A>15==>ABL ?>4<5B8; O 2> 2A5E B08=AB25==KE 2>?@>A0E 8 >B25B0E. / A:070;: -- 7C<@C4=0O A:@860;L 5@<5A0 "@8A<538AB0 3;0A8B: B>, GB> 225@EC, ?>4>1=> B><C, GB> 2=87C. > ?5=B03@0<<0, A 3;02>9, CAB@5<;Q==>9 225@E, 7=0<5=C5B ?>154C B5@=5@0 =04 42C<O, 4CE>2=>3> =04 B5;><; A 3;02>9 65, CAB@5<;Q==>9 2=87, -- ?>154C 3@5E0 =04 4>1@><. A5 G8A;0 B08=AB25==K, => ?@>ABK5 2K@060NB ?@58<CI5AB25==> 1>65AB25==>5, 45AOB:8 -- =515A=>5, A>B=8 -- 75<=>5, BKAOG8 -- 1C4CI55. 0: 65 4C<05B5 2K, GB> ?@8HQ; 1K O : 20<, 5A;8 1K =5 C<5; @07;8G0BL 1574=K 25@E=59 >B 1574=K =86=59? 420 ?@>87=QA O MB8 A>25@H5==> ?CABK5 A;>20, :0: B>BG0A @0A:0O;AO 2 A2>59 HCB:5, ?>B><C GB> 5=@8E CAB@5<8;AO =0 =8E A 4>25@G82>ABLN @51Q=:0 8 2>A:;8:=C; 2 B0:>< 2>AB>@35, A;>2=> O >B:@K; 5<C GB>-B> =5254><>5 8 GB>-B> ?>@078B5;L=>5. -- E, 2K ?@02K, 2K ?@02K! >=5G=>, :>=5G=>! / A@07C ?>=O;, GB> <K A 20<8 -- >1 >4=><.  O 20A 2>2A5 =5 8A?KBK20;! / B>;L:> E>GC ?@54C?@548BL 20A, GB> =0 B>< ?CB8, :C40 2K ?>@K205B5AL, 1>;LH5 B5@=89, G5< A;04:8E O3>4. 0 B09=KE A>1@0=8OE =5 >B:@K20NB, A;>2=> :0:>9-B> ;0@G8:, 8AB8=C 8AB8=. 5@2>5 A;>2>, :>B>@>5 4>;6=K <K 3>2>@8BL =>2>?@81K2H5<C, MB> -- 65@B20. 8HL B>B, :B> 60645B ?@8=5AB8 A51O 2 65@B2C, <>65B AB0BL CG5=8:><. 4C<0;8AL ;8 2K 2 ?@8<5@K: A25B;>3> 78@8A0, ?>3C1;5==>3> BQ<=K< "8D>=><? 1>65AB25==>3> @D5O, @0AB5@70==>3> 20:E0=:0<8? 482=>3> 8>=8A0, C<5@I2;Q==>3> B8B0=0<8? =0H53> 0;L4C@0, AK=0 A25B0, ?02H53> >B AB@5;K E8B@>3> >:8? 25;O, C18B>3> @C:>N 08=0? %@8AB0 @0A?OB>3>?  KF0@8 %@0<0, 425AB8 ;5B B><C =0704, 70?;0B8;8 687=LN 70 2>72KH5==>ABL A2>8E F5;59 8 70 1;03>@>4AB2>, A :0:8< >=8 3>2>@8;8 2;04K:0<: ""K 1C45HL :>@>;Q<, ?>:0 A?@0254;82". 5@38;89 0@>= >?8AK205B 425 425@8 87 <8@0 B5=59: ?5@20O 87 A;>=>2>9 :>AB8, => A:2>7L =5Q 2K;5B0NB ;8HL >1<0=G82K5 ?@87@0:8; 2B>@0O 87 @>30. / B>;L:> A?@0H820N 20A, 4>1@>2>;L=> ;8 2K 84QB5 2 <5=55 C:@0H5==CN 425@L? 5=@8E ?@>3>2>@8; 2AQ MB> A> AB@0AB=K< C2;5G5=85<, ?@>87=>AO :064>5 A;>2> B0:, A;>2=> >=> 1K;> 5<C >A>15==> 4>@>3> 8;8 A;>2=> >=> 2 ?5@2K9 @07 2 687=8 ?@8H;> 5<C =0 CAB0. !<>B@O =0 MB>3> ?>;CN=>HC, ?>;C@51Q=:0, 2 :>B>@>< 1K;> B0: <=>3> 2=CB@5==53> >3=O, GB> =8GB>6=>3> ?>2>40, 2@>45 ;53:><KA;5==KE 2>?@>A>2 A;CG09=>3> ?>A5B8B5;O, 1K;> 5<C 4>AB0B>G=>, GB>1K 2A?KE=CBL >3=5==K<8 O7K:0<8, -- GC2AB2>20; O, GB> ?0405B 8 70<8@05B 2> <=5 2AO : =5<C =5=028ABL, 2AO:>5 : =5<C =54>1@>65;0B5;LAB2>. / A;CH0; C4828B5;L=K5 ?5@5;82K 53> 3>;>A0, A;>2=> >B:@K202H85 3>;C1K5 40;8, 23;O4K20;AO 2 53> 3;070, :>B>@K5, :0: <=5 :070;>AL, >AB020;8AL, =5A<>B@O =0 >682;Q==>ABL @5G8, ?5G0;L=K<8, :0: 1K B0O =0 A2>Q< 4=5 :0=C2H55 BC40 >BG0O=85, -- 8 1K; :0: 7<5O, 2K?>;7H0O 87-?>4 :0<=O, GB>1K C60;8BL, => 70G0@>20==0O =0?52>< 0D@8:0=A:>3> 70:;8=0B5;O. K; >48= <83, :>340 O ?>GB8 3>B>2 1K; 2>A:;8:=CBL: "@>AB8B5 <5=O, 3@0D, 254L O =54>AB>9=> ?>A<5O;AO =04 20<8!" > A C60A><, ?>9<02 A2>N <KA;L =0 B0:>9 >?0A=>9 B@>?8=:5, O A0< :@8:=C; A515 "15@538AL!" 8 ?>A?5H8; >2;045BL A2>5N 4CH>N, :0: 2A04=8: ?>=QAH59 ;>H04LN.  B>BG0A, GB>1K 40BL A515 2>7<>6=>ABL >?@028BLAO, 1@>A8; O 5IQ =5A:>;L:> A;>2 5=@8EC, A:0702 5<C: -- / =5 1>NAL 8A?KB0=89, 81> <=5 402=> =5AB5@?8<> =0H5 7=0=85, :>B>@>5 5ABL, ?> 2K@065=8N >4=>3> CGQ=>3>, C?>4>1;5=85 ?>7=0NI53> ?>7=0205<><C, assimilatio scientis ad rem scitam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omo Deil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nchiridion", =0 :>B>@KE 1K;> ?><5G5=>: "Eyn Handbuchlein eynem yetzlichen Christenfest nutzlich bey sich zuhaben", 40;55 70<0=G82K5 ?> 703;028O<, 7=0<5=8BK5, => A2>59 A;02K =5 70A;C6820NI85 B@0:B0BK, :0: "Die Hymelstrass" 0=F:@0==K 8;8 " <>;8B25" 50=4@0 !528;LA:>3>, 5IQ ?>A;5 -- 68B8O A2OBKE, :0:-B>: 5@=0@40 ;5@2>AA:>3>, >@15@B0 03451C@3A:>3>, $@0=F8A:0 AA87A:>3>, ;87025BK "N@8=35=A:>9, :0B5@8=K !85=A:>9 8 4@C38E, 8, =0:>=5F, A>G8=5=8O 42CE A>;=F MB>9 >1;0AB8, -- 420 D>;80=B0, >48= ?><5=LH5, 4@C3>9 =5A>@07<5@=> 3@><04=K9, 70 :>B>@K5 =5 ?>60;5; O B0;5@>2, => 2 :>B>@KE =540;5:> <K ?>428=C;8AL: A5@0D8G5A:>3> 4>:B>@0 >30==0 >=025=BC@K "Itineraruim mentis", <5AB0<8 =5 ;8HQ==>5 C2;5:0B5;L=>AB8, 8 C=825@A0;L=>3> 4>:B>@0 $><K :28=0B0 "Summa Theologiae" -- :=830 A>25@H5==> <Q@B2>9 8 >68BL =5 A?>A>1=>9 CGQ=>AB8.  5=0B0 E20B0;0AL, :0: 70 O:>@L A?0A5=8O, B> 70 >4=>, B> 70 4@C3>5 A>G8=5=85 8 B>@>?8;0 <5=O B> ?5@52>48BL 59 AB@0=8FC 68B8O, B> 8AB>;:>20BL B5>;>38G5A:89 A?>@, 2>AE8I0OAL >?8AK205<K<8 GC45A0<8, CAB@0H0OAL C3@>70<8 04A:8E <C: 8 A =082=>ABLN, 59 =5A2>9AB25==>9, ?@8=8<0O 70 8AB8=K 2AO:85 =5;5?K5 87<KH;5=8O AE>;0AB8G5A:8E 4>:B>@>2. / =5 C?><=N A59G0A 2A59 AC<<K 274>@>2 8 =5A>>1@07=>AB59, :0:85 4>25;>AL =0< 2KG8B0BL ?@8 MB8E =0H8E CA5@4=KE 70=OB8OE, 4>AB>9=KE 1>;55 >A<>B@8B5;L=>3> ?@8<5=5=8O, => O ?@8254C 745AL =5A:>;L:> ?@8<5@>2 B5E @0AA:07>2, :>B>@K5 A >A>15==>9 A8;>9 ?>B@OA0;8  5=0BC, 2K7K20O =0 5Q @5A=8FK A;Q7K. "0:, A 8AB8==K< C60A>< G8B0;0  5=0B0 C $><K :28=0B0 >?8A0=85 ?@58A?>4=59, 1>;55 ?>;=>5, =565;8 C ?>MB0 0=B5 ;8385@8, A B>G=K< >7=0G5=85<, 345 1C4CB =0E>48BLAO 8 :0:8< <CG5=8O< ?>425@3=CBAO @07=K5 3@5H=8:8: ?@0>BFK, C<5@H85 4> ?@8H5AB28O %@8AB0, 45B8, C<5@H85 4> :@5I5=8O, B0B8, C189FK, 1;C4=8:8, 1>3>EC;L=8:8. ! A>>B25BAB25==K< C<8;5=85< A;CH0;0  5=0B0 ?5@5G8A;5=85 G8A;0 C40@>2, :0:85 1K;8 ?>;CG5=K !?0A8B5;5< ?>A;5 ?@540=8O, ?@8GQ< >:07K20;>AL, GB> C40@>2 18G>< 1K;> 1667, C40@>2 @C:>9 -- 800, >A>1> 70CH5=89 -- 110; BCB 65 A>>1I0;>AL, GB> A;Q7 1K;> 8< ?@>;8B> =0 0A;8G=>9 3>@5 62 200, 0 :0?5;L :@>202>3> ?>B0 -- 97 307; GB> B5@=>2K9 25=5F ?@8G8=8; ?@5G8AB><C G5;C 303 @0=K, GB> AB>=>2 1K;> 8< 8A?CI5=> 900 8 B. 4. #<8;O;  5=0BC @0AA:07, :0: O28;0AL :0B5@8=5 !85=A:>9 >3><0B5@L, ?>425;0 5Q : !2>5<C !K=C, >B>@K9 8 ?>40; A2OB>9, 2 7=0: >1@CG5=8O, :>;LF> A 1@8;;80=B>< 8 G5BK@L<O 65<GC68=0<8, ?>4 72C:8 0@DK, =0 :>B>@>9 83@0; F0@L 0284; 8;8, :0: A2OB>9 .BB5, 2 "N@8=388, O28;AO !0< %@8AB>A, ?>72>;8; 59 ?@860BL CAB0 : A2>5<C ?@>1>45==><C @51@C 8 A>A0BL ?@5G8ABCN !2>N :@>2L. 5 <5=55 A5@LQ7=> ?@8=8<0;0  5=0B0 ?>25AB8, 1C4B> 87 <>38;K A2OB>3> 40;L15@B0 2 >35<88, :>340 5Q >B:@K; 5?8A:>? @06A:89, 87;8;>AL AB>;L C:@5?;ONI55 1;03>CE0=85, GB> 2A5 ?@8ACBAB2CNI85 B@8 4=O ?>A;5 B>3> =5 =C640;8AL 2 ?8I5, 8;8 1C4B> 2 >4=>< 65=A:>< F8AB5@80=A:>< <>=0ABK@5, 2> $@0=F88, A2OB>ABL 687=8 1K;0 AB>;L 2KA>:0, GB>, A >6L53> 1;03>A;>25=8O, 401K =5 22>48BL 2 <>=0ABK@L =8:>3> A> AB>@>=K 8 2AQ 65 ?@>4>;68BL 53> =0A5;5=85, :0640O <>=0E8=O, =5 7=0O <C60, @>48;0 ?> 452>G:5, :>B>@0O 4>;6=0 1K;0 AB0BL 5Q ?@55<=8F59. 5 7=0N, 2A5340 ;8 25@0 2@064C5B A @0AAC4:><, 8 ?@0240 ;8, GB> 70=OB8O B5>;>3859 @07<O3G0NB <>73, =>, 3;O4O, :0: 4>25@G82> A;CH05B MB8 8AB>@88  5=0B0, :>B>@0O 2 4@C385 4=8 C<5;0 ?>;L7>20BLAO ;>38:>9, <>3 O B>;L:> ?>2B>@OBL A;>20 A2OB>3> 5@=0@40 ;5@2>AA:>3>: "A5 3@5E8 2>7=8:0NB 87 3@5E0 =525@8O". 'B> 4> <5=O, AE>;0AB8G5A:85 1@54=8, :0: =>28=:0, 70102;O;8 <5=O B>;L:> ?5@2K5 4=8, 0 B0: :0: A>G8=5=8O B5>;>38G5A:85 8<5NB >4=C ?;>ECN >A>15==>ABL: 2A5 >=8 >G5=L ?>E>68 >4=> =0 4@C3>5, -- B> A:>@> G0AK GB5=8O A  5=0B>N A45;0;8AL 4;O <5=O =5?@8OB=>9 >1O70==>ABLN. N1>2L <>O :  5=0B5, 24@C3 >682H0O ?>4 2;8O=85< 5Q 2845=8O, AB0;0 70<8@0BL A=>20, A;>2=> H0@, :>B>@K9 :B>-B> ?>4B>;:=C; =5>6840==>, => :>B>@K9 2AQ @02=> =5 <>65B A2>1>4=> :0B8BLAO ?> :0<5=8AB>9 4>@>6:5.  >G5=L A:>@> <>=0ABK@A:89 >1@07 687=8, :>B>@K9 225;0 C =0A 2 4><5  5=0B0, A <>;8B20<8, :>;5=>?@5:;>=5=8O<8, 2>74KE0=8O<8 8 ?>AB0<8, =0G0; :070BLAO <=5 :0:8<-B> =5C<5AB=K< <0A:0@04><. / =0G0; C:;>=OBLAO >B B>3>, GB>1K A>?@>2>640BL  5=0BC 2 F5@:>2L, CE>48;, ?>4 @07=K<8 ?@54;>30<8, 87 4><C 2 G0AK, :>340 <>3;8 1K <K ?@8=OBLAO 70 GB5=85, @57:> ?@5@K20; 1;03>G5AB82K5 @073>2>@K 8 =>GLN, A;KH0 87 :><=0BK  5=0BK 5Q A402;5==K5 @K40=8O, =5 A?5H8; : =59.  ?>B>< =0AB0; 8 45=L, :>340 =5 <>3 8 =5 70E>B5; O ?@5>4>;5BL A2>53> 65;0=8O: 25@=CBLAO : 3=5AA5, A;>2=> : OA=><C 2>74CEC =04 75;Q=K<8 ;C30<8, ?>A;5 @4O=KE 8 3>;C1KE ;CG59, ?5@5:@5I820NI8EAO 2 F5@:20E A:2>7L @0A?8A=K5 AB5:;0. II -B>B 45=L, G53> O ?@542845BL =5 <>3 =8:0:, 5A;8 =5 >?@545;8;, B> ?@54A:070; 2AN =0HC AC4L1C.  5=0B0 B>340 A CB@0 1K;0 2 !>1>@5, 8 O, ?@>6402 5Q 4> ?>;C4=O, 24@C3, ?>GB8 =5>6840==> 4;O A0<>3> A51O, 2KH5; =0 C;8FC, =0?@028;AO, =5 157 A<CI5=8O, : 7=0:><><C 4><C 8AA<0=>2 8 ?>ABCG0;AO 2 425@L, :0: 28=>20BK9. 3=5AA0 ?@8=O;0 <5=O A =587<5==>9 ?@825B;82>ABLN 8 B>;L:> A:070;0 <=5: -- K B0: 402=> C =0A =5 1K;8, 3>A?>48=  C?@5EB, 8 O C65 4C<0;0, GB> A 20<8 >?OBL A;CG8;>AL GB>-;81> =5E>@>H55. =5 1@0B 70?@5B8; @0AA?@0H820BL 20A, 3>2>@O, GB> C 20A <>3CB 1KBL ?@8G8=K, :>B>@KE =5 4>;6=> 7=0BL G5AB=>9 452CH:5, -- ?@0240 ;8 MB>? / 2>7@078;: -- 0H 1@0B ?>HCB8; =04 20<8. @>AB> 2 <>59 687=8 =0AB0;8 =5C40G=K5 4=8, 8 O =5 E>B5; 20A >?5G0;820BL 3@CAB=K< ;8F><. > A53>4=O AB0;> <=5 A;8H:>< BO65;>, O ?@8HQ; : 20<, GB>1K ?><>;G0BL 8 ?>A;CH0BL 20H 3>;>A. /, 459AB28B5;L=>, <>;G0; ?>GB8 2AQ 2@5<O, :0:>5 ?@>1K; A 3=5AA>N, 0 >=0, A:>@> >A2>82H8AL A> <=>N 2=>2L, I515B0;0, :0: ;0AB>G:0 ?>4 :@>2;59, >1> 2A5E <0;5=L:8E =>2>ABOE =5402=8E 4=59: > A<5@B8 A>10G:8 C A>A54:8, > A<5H=>< A;CG05 70 >154=59 2 2>A:@5A5=L5, > ?>?>9:5 ?@>D5AA>@>2, :0:0O 1K;0 C 5Q 1@0B0 =5402=>, > :0:><-B> =5>1K:=>25==><, >B;820NI5< 2 B@8 F25B0 HQ;:5, ?@8A;0==>< 59 87 $@0=F88, 8 > <=>3>< 4@C3><, 70AB02;O2H5< <5=O C;K10BLAO.  5GL 3=5AAK B5:;0 :0: @CG5Q: 2 ;5AC; 59 3>2>@8BL 1K;> ;53:>, ?>B><C GB> 2A5 2?5G0B;5=8O 687=8 8 2A5 A:070==K5 5N A;>20 A:>;L78;8 A:2>7L =5Q, =5 704520O 2 =59 =8G53>, 0 <=5 1K;> ;53:> 5Q A;CH0BL, ?>B><C GB> =5 =04> 1K;> =8 4C<0BL, =8 1KBL 2=8<0B5;L=K<, <>6=> 1K;> 1@>A8BL ?>2>4LO A2>59 4CH8, :>B>@K5 B0: G0AB> ?@8E>48;>AL <=5 =0BO3820BL. ?OBL, :0: 2A5340, CHQ; O >B 3=5AAK >A256Q==K9, A;>2=> ;Q3:8< 25B@>< A <>@O, CA?>:>5==K9, A;>2=> 4>;38< A>75@F0=85< 6Q;B>9 =82K A A8=8<8 20A8;L:0<8. ><0 O 70AB0;  5=0BC =04 :=830<8, BI0B5;L=> @0718@0NI59 :0:CN-B> ?@>?>254L 5@B>;L40  535=A1C@3A:>3>, =0?8A0==CN =0 AB0@>< O7K:5. !B@>3>5 ;8F>  5=0BK, 5Q A?>:>9=K9 273;O4 8 A45@60==K9 3>;>A, -- 2AQ MB> 1K;> B0:>9 ?@>B82>?>;>6=>ABLN A 45BA:>9 15A?5G=>ABLN 3=5AAK, GB> A5@4F5 C <5=O A;>2=> :B>-B> CI5<8; :;5I0<8.  2>B B>340-B> 24@C3, A :@09=59 =5?>1548<>ABLN, 70E>B5;>AL <=5 ?@56=59  5=0BK, =5402=59  5=0BK, 5Q AB@0AB=KE 3;07, 5Q 8AABC?;5==KE 42865=89, 5Q =5A45@60==KE ;0A:, 5Q =56=KE A;>2, -- 8 65;0=85 MB> 1K;> B0: >AB@>, GB> O 3>B>2 1K; 70?;0B8BL 2A5<, GB>1K =0AKB8BL 53>.  BC <8=CBC, 157 :>;510=8O, >B40; 1K O 2AN 1C4CICN 687=L 70 >4=> <3=>25=85 ;0A:8, B5< 1>;55 GB> :070;>AL >=> <=5 =5>ACI5AB28<K<. / 1@>A8;AO :  5=0B5, O AB0; ?5@54 =59 =0 :>;5=8, :0: 2 E>@>H55, 402=55 2@5<O, O =0G0; F5;>20BL 59 @C:8 8 3>2>@8BL > B><, :0: 157<5@=> 5Q ;N1;N 8 :0: 87=5<>30N A<5@B5;L=> 2A5 MB8 4=8 >B 5Q AC@>2>9 =5?@8ABC?=>AB8. / 3>2>@8;, GB> 87 GQ@=>3> 040 O 2KH5; 1K;> : @04C6=><C M45<C, :0: 40< =5 AC<5; 2>A?>;L7>20BLAO 1;065=AB2><, 8 2>B AB>N C 2@0B @0O, 8 AB@06 A ?K;0NI8< <5G>< 703>@068205B <=5 2>72@0B, -- GB> O A>3;0A5= C<5@5BL A59G0A 65, 5A;8 <=5 5IQ >48= @07 ?>72>;5=> 1C45B 24>E=CBL 70?0E M45<A:8E ;8;89. / 7=0;, 4065 2 B>B <83, GB> 3>2>@N =5?@024C, GB> ?>2B>@ON A;>20 ?@>H;>3>, => ;>6L 1K;0 B>9 4>@>3>9 F5=>9, 70 :>B>@CN =045O;AO O :C?8BL ;N1>2=K9 273;O4 8 ;0A:>2>5 ?@8:>A=>25=85  5=0BK. 5 >AB0=02;820;AO O 4065 8 ?5@54 4@C38<8, 5IQ 1>;55 =54>AB>9=K<8 A@54AB20<8 A>1;07=0, AB0@0OAL >BC<0=8BL A>7=0=85  5=0BK, AB0@0OAL 2=>2L ?@>1C48BL 2 =59 GC2AB25==>5 2;5G5=85, B0: :0: <=5 2> GB> 1K B> =8 AB0;> =C6=0 1K;0 5Q AB@0ABL. 5 7=0N, 8A:CAAB2> ;8 <>59 @5G8 >45@60;> 25@E, 8;8 2> <=5 A0<>< B>340 1K;> A;8H:>< <=>3> >3=O, :>B>@K9 =5 <>3 =5 ?5@5:8=CBLAO =0 ACI5AB2>  5=0BK 8 =5 7065GL 5Q, 8;8, =0:>=5F, 2 =59 A0<>9 2K@20;8AL =0@C6C A8;K AB@0AB8, =0A8;LAB25==> 7020;5==K5 :0<=O<8 @0AAC4:0, -- B>;L:> 2 B>B 25G5@ <>3;0 B>@65AB2>20BL 1>38=O ;N128 8 :@K;0BK9 AK= 5Q <>3 >?OBL 704CBL A2>9 =>G=>9 D0:5;. ! B0:>9 ?;0<5==>ABLN ?@8=8:;8 <K 4@C3 : 4@C3C, A B0:>9 =56=>9 >65AB>GQ==>ABLN 8A:0;8 ?>F5;C52 8 >1JOB89, A;>2=> B> 1K;> ?5@2>5 A>548=5=85, 8, 2 >?LO=5=88 AG0AB85<, :070;>AL <=5, GB> <K =5 2 =0H59 7=0:><>9 :><=0B5, 0 345-B> 2 ?CABK=5, 2 48:8E A:0;0E, 2 3@>B5, 8 GB> <>;=88 =510 8 =8<DK ;5A0 ?@825BAB2CNB =0H A>N7, :0: :>340-B> -=5O 8 84>=K: ...fulsere ignes et conscius aether Connubiis, summoque ulularunt vertice Nymphae.   5=0B0, ?>B5@O2 AB@>389 >1;8: <>=0E8=8, ?>2B>@O;0 <=5 A;>20 ;0A:8, :>B>@K5 4;O <5=O 1K;8 =56=55 2A5E 72C:>2 28>;K 8 D;59B: --  C?@5EB!  C?@5EB! =5 1>;LH5 =8G53> =5 =04>, B>;L:> BK ;N18 <5=O; O =5 E>GC =8 1;065=AB20, =8 @0O, O E>GC, GB>1K BK 1K; A> <=>9, GB>1K BK 1K; <>9, 0 O -- B2>O. / ;N1;N B51O,  C?@5EB! > 70B>, :>340 <8=>20; ?>@K2 AB@0AB8, :>340, A;>2=> 87 :0:>3>-B> =8GB>, >?OBL 2KABC?8;8 :@C3>< AB5=K =0H59 :><=0BK 8 2AO 5Q >1AB0=>2:0, 8 AB0;8 =0< 284=K 8 :=838, @071@>A0==K5 ?> AB>;C, 8 C?02H89 =0 ?>; B>< ?@>?>25459 5@B>;L40  535=A1C@3A:>3>, 8 <K 42>5, ?@>ABQ@BK5 2 CB><;5=88 =0 A<OB>9 ?>AB5;8, -- B>BG0A >E20B8;>  5=0BC >BG0O=L5. A:>G82, :8=C;0AL >=0 : 0=0;>N, AB0;0 =0 :>;5=8, H5?G0 <>;8B2C, => ?>B>< B0: 65 1KAB@> ?>4=O;0AL, 1;54=0O, 3=52=0O, 8 AB0;0 1@>A0BL 2 <5=O C?@Q:8: --  C?@5EB!  C?@5EB! 'B> BK A45;0;! / 7=0N, B515 B>;L:> >4=> MB> 8 =C6=>! / 7=0N, BK 2> <=5 =8G53> 4@C3>3> =5 8I5HL, =5 E>G5HL. > 70G5< B>340 O B515? 48 2 ?C1;8G=K9 4><, -- B0< BK 70 <0;K5 45=L38 =094QHL A515 65=I8=. @54;>68 A51O ;N1>9 452CH:5, 8 BK ?>;CG8HL 65=C, :>B>@0O 1C45B B515 A;C68BL :064CN =>GL. > B515 =@028BAO 8A:CH0BL <5=O 8<5==> ?>B><C, GB> O >B40;0 A2>N 4CHC 8 A2>Q B5;> >3C! 0 MB> O 2>7@078;: --  5=0B0, 1C4L <8;>A5@4=0 8 A?@0254;820! A?><=8, O F5;K5 <5AOFK 68; 1;87 B51O, =5 4>1820OAL B2>8E ;0A:, :>340 4C<0;, GB> BK >1@CG5=0 4@C3><C, 8 =5 60;>20;AO =0 B2>N 15AAB@0AB=>ABL. > :0: E>G5HL BK, GB>1K O A=>A8; 5Q A?>:>9=>, :>340 7=0N, GB> BK <5=O ;N18HL, :>340 GC2AB2CN 1;87>ABL B2>59 ;N128? / =5 25@N, GB> >A?>4C >3C =5C3>4=0 ;0A:0 42CE ;N1OI8E, 8 BK 5IQ =5A:>;L:> <8=CB =0704 3>2>@8;0, GB> 70 =5Q 3>B>20 >B40BL 1;065=AB2> 1C4CI59 687=8. <5AB> >B25B0  5=0B0 =0G0;0 @K40BL, :0: >=0 2A5340 @K40;0, B> 5ABL 157C45@6=> 8 157CB5H=>, B0: GB> =0?@0A=> ?KB0;AO O 5Q CA?>:>8BL 8 CB5H8BL, ?@>AO C =5Q ?@>I5=8O, >128=OO A0<>3> A51O, >15I0O 59, GB> =8G53>, ?>4>1=>3> MB><C 4=N, =5 ?>2B>@8BAO =8:>340. 5 A;CH0O <5=O,  5=0B0 ?;0:0;0 A;>2=> > GQ<-B> ?>381H5< 1572>72@0B=>, :0: <>3;0 1K ?;0:0BL @0725 452CH:0, =5G5AB=> >1>;LIQ==0O A>1;07=8B5;5<, 8;8 :0:, <>65B 1KBL, ?;0:0;0 ?@0<0B5@L 20, ?>=O2H0O ;8F5<5@85 <8O. / 65, 284O MB8 A;Q7K 8 MBC B>A:C, A0< A515 4020; @5H8B5;L=K5 :;OB2K, GB> =8:>340 1>;LH5 =5 ?>440<AO 8A:CH5=8N, GB> ;CGH5 ?>:8=C  5=0BC, =565;8 >?OBL 2KAB02;N A51O 2 5Q 3;070E G5;>25:><, 8ICI8< 3@C1KE =0A;0645=89, B0: :0: =5 8E, 0 ;0A:>2KE 3;07 8 =56=KE A;>2 60640; O. 4=0:>, =5A<>B@O =0 MB8 >15I0=8O, 40==K5 <=>N 8  5=0B5 8 A515, B>B 45=L ?>A;C68; >1@07F>< 4;O <=>38E 4@C38E, 2K;5?;5==KE E>BO 8 87 4@C3>9 3;8=K, => 2 B5E 65 D>@<0E, ?@8B>< A B0:>9 B>G=>ABLN, GB> 2> 2A5E =8E 70=8<0;0 A2>Q <5AB> 3=5AA0. 1KG=> ?@>8AE>48;> 2AQ B0:, GB> O HQ; 4=Q< : 3=5AA5, A;CH0; 5Q B8E85 @5G8, A<>B@5; =0 5Q ;L=O=K5 :>AK 8 A 4CH>9 CA?>:>5==>9, :0: 70HB8;52H55 <>@5, 2>72@0I0;AO :  5=0B5, ?> ?CB8 =0?><8=0O A515, GB> A53>4=O 1C4C O 2;045BL A>1>N AB@>3>. ><0 1>;LH5N G0ABLN =0G8=0;8 <K GB5=85 :0:>3>-=81C4L =07840B5;L=>3> A>G8=5=8O, ?@8GQ<, ?@5>4>;520O GC2AB2> A:C:8, AB0@0;AO O 2=8:0BL 2 @0AAC645=8O, ;N1>?KB=K5 4;O  5=0BK, -- => ?>=5<=>3C 1;87>ABL 5Q B5;0 C2;5:0;0 <5=O, :0: =5:89 ;N1>2=K9 D8;LB@, 8 ?>GB8 A0< =5 ?@8<5G0O B>3>, O B> ?@8=8:0; 3C10<8 : 5Q 2>;>A0<, B> B5A=55 ?@868<0; 5Q @C:C : A2>59. A?><8=0O B5?5@L MB8 <8=CBK, 4C<0N, GB>, <>65B 1KBL, =5 2A5340 ?5@2K9 ?>2>4 ?>4020; O, => GB> >48=0:>2>5 A> <=>N GC2AB2> 8A?KBK20;0 8  5=0B0, :>B>@0O B0:65 2;5:;0AL, ?@>B82 2>;8, : AB@0AB8, 8;8 GB> 1K;> 2> 2AQ< MB>< 2;8O=85 ACI5AB2, =0< 2@06451=KE 8 =57@8<KE. > 2AO:>< A;CG05, 157 >4=>3> 8A:;NG5=8O, 2A5 =0H8 GB5=8O, ?>A;5 ?5@2>3> =0H53> 3@5E>?045=8O, AB0;8 7025@H0BLAO >48=0:>2>: A=0G0;0 8AABC?;5==K<8 ;0A:0<8 8 2708<=K<8 :;OB20<8, 0 ?>B>< >BG0O=L5<  5=0BK, 5Q A;Q70<8 8 65AB>:8<8 C:>@0<8 8 <>8< ?>74=8< @0A:0O=L5<.  G8A;> MB8E >1@07>2, AE>4=KE 4@C3 A 4@C3><, :0: ;8ABLO >4=>3> 45@520, C25;8G820;>AL 2 =0H59 ?0<OB8 :064K9 45=L =0 >48=. "0: =0H0 687=L, A;>2=> 702820OAL AC6820NI8<8AO :>;LF0<8 2>4>2>@>B0, 70<:=C;0 =0:>=5F 2 >G5=L B5A=K9 :@C3 B>, GB> ?@5645 >=0 >1=8<0;0 H8@>:8< >1E20B><. 5@2K5 <5AOFK =0H59 687=8 A  5=0B>N 1K;8 <K GC64K<8 4@C3 4@C3C; 70B5< 2 B5G5=85 42CE =545;L, ?>A;5 <>53> ?>548=:0 A 3@0D>< 5=@8E><, =0?@>B82, 1;87:8<8, :0: B>;L:> <>3CB 1KBL 1;87:8 ;N48.  A;54CNI89 ?5@8>4 687=8, 4;82H89AO 4> 2845=8O  5=0BK, MB8 A<5=K 2@06451=>AB8 8 1;87>AB8 A25@H0;8AL 2 B5G5=85 =5A:>;L:8E 4=59, 8 ?>@>N 2 >4=C =545;N CA?520;8 <K 1KBL 8 ;NBK<8 2@030<8, 8 AB@0AB=K<8 ;N1>2=8:0<8. "5?5@L B0:>9 65 F8:; 70<:=C;AO 2 :@0B:>5 2@5<O 4204F0B8 G5BK@QE G0A>2. 0 ?@>BO65=88 >B CB@0 4> 25G5@0 CA?520;8 <K ?@>9B8 2AN 2KA>:CN ;5AB=8FC >B 1@0BA:>9 1;87>AB8 G5@57 4@C65A:CN 4>25@G82>ABL, : A0<>9 ?K;:>9, A0<>70125==>9 ;N128 8 40;LH5, : >BB>G5==>9, :0: :8=60;, =5=028AB8. 064K9 45=L =0H8 4CH8, :0: :;8=:8, B> @0A:0;O;8AL 4> 15;>3> A25B0 =0 3>@=5 AB@0AB8, B> 24@C3 ?>3@C60;8AL 2 ;54O=>9 E>;>4, -- 8 ;53:> <>6=> 1K;> ?@542845BL, GB>, =5 2K45@602 B0:8E ?5@5E>4>2, >=8 =0:>=5F A;><0NBAO. / GC2AB2>20; A51O A>25@H5==> 87<CG5==K< 2A59 A2>59 687=LN A  5=0B>N 8 A=>20 ?><KH;O; 2B09=5 > B><, GB>1K ?>:8=CBL 5Q 8 1560BL 2 4@C385 AB@0=K, E>BO 2 B> 65 2@5<O <KA;L ;8H8BLAO 5Q 8 5Q ;0A: 1K;0 <=5 B0: C60A=0, GB> O ?@>AB> 1>O;AO 2>>1@078BL A51O 2 <8@5 >?OBL >48=>:8<. <5AB5 A B5< 8  5=0B0, 2 G0AK =0H8E AA>@, 2AQ G0I5 @5H0;0AL 3>2>@8BL <=5, GB> 1>;55 =5 <>65B >AB020BLAO A> <=>9, GB> 2 <5=O 2A5;8;AO 4LO2>;, 8A:CH0NI89 5Q, GB> 59 ;CGH5 C<5@5BL >B B>A:8 ?> <=5, =565;8 A>25@H0BL A<5@B=K5 3@5E8 @048 1;87>AB8 A> <=>9, 8 GB> 548=>5 ?@8AB0=8I5, 345 59 B5?5@L <5AB>, -- <>=0ABK@L. ">340 O =5 ?@84020; >A>1>3> 7=0G5=8O MB8< A;>20<, => 8 <=5 =0H0 >1I0O 687=L >?OBL ?@54AB02;O;0AL B>340 :><=0B>9, 87 :>B>@>9 =5B 2KE>40, 2 :>B>@>9 2A5 425@8 <K 70<C@>20;8 A0<8 8 2 :>B>@>9 B5?5@L <5G5<AO 157=04Q6=>, C40@OOAL > :0<5==K5 AB5=K. > :0B0AB@>D0, @07@CH82H0O MB8 AB5=K 2 ?@0E, 24@C3 1@>A82H0O <5=O 2 :0:85-B> 4@C385 ?@>?0AB8, =0 4@C385 >AB@K5 :0<=8, 2AQ 65 ?>4>H;0 =570<5B=>, A;>2=> AC4L10 ?>4:@0;0AL 2 <0A:5 8 =0 FK?>G:0E 8 AE20B8;0 =0A >1>8E A7048. =5 ?0<OB5= B>B 45=L, <>65B 1KBL, 1>;LH5 2A5E 8=KE 4=59, 8 ?>B><C O 7=0N B>G=>, GB> 1K;> B> 14 D52@0;O, 2 2>A:@5A5=L5, 2 45=L A2OB>3> 0;5=B8=0. !=>20 1K; O B>340 C 3=5AAK, ?@8GQ< ?@8 15A545 =0H59 ?@8ACBAB2>20; 8 0B259, 8 <K 2B@>Q< =5<0;> HCB8;8 =04 >1KG0O<8 8 ?@8<5B0<8, A2O70==K<8 A MB8< 4=Q<. >72@0I0OAL 4><>9, 1K; O >?OBL @0A?>;>65= 4>1@>4CH=> 8 ;0A:>2> 8 3>2>@8; A515: "CH0  5=0BK 87@0=5=0 2A5<, GB> ?5@568;0 >=0. 04> 40BL 59 B8E>5 CA?>:>5=85, :0: 1>;L=><C 40NB ;5:0@AB2>. B> 7=05B, 1KBL <>65B, ?>A;5 =5A:>;L:8E <5AOF52 687=8 8 OA=>9 8 <8@=>9, 8 ;N1>2L 5Q, 8 ?>:0O=85 5Q 2>;LNBAO 2 @>2=>5 @CA;>, -- 8 4;O =0A A =59 AB0=5B 2>7<>6=>N B0 AG0AB;820O 8 B@C4>20O 687=L <C60 8 65=K, > :>B>@>9 O C65 ?5@5AB0N <5GB0BL". ! B0:8<8 1;038<8 @5H5=8O<8 2>HQ; O :  5=0B5 8, ?> >1K:=>25=8N, 70AB0; 5Q A@548 :=83, =04 D>;80=B><, 2 A<KA; :>B>@>3> >=0 BIQB=> AB0@0;0AL 2=8:=CBL. K;0 >=0 B0: 708=B5@5A>20=0 BQ<=K< 4;O =5Q A>45@60=85< :=838, GB> =5 A;KH0;0, :0: O ?@81;878;AO, 8, 274@>3=C2, >1@0B8;0 :> <=5 OA=K5 3;070 A2>8, B>;L:> :>340 O >AB>@>6=> ?>F5;>20; 5Q 2 ?;5G>. !;>2=> 701K2 2A5 A2>8 2G5@0H=85 65AB>:85 C?@Q:8 8 60;>1K,  5=0B0 A:070;0 <=5 ?@825B;82>: --  C?@5EB, :0: O B51O 4>;3> 640;0 A53>4=O! ><>38 <=5, -- O 286C, GB> MB0 :=830 >G5=L 206=0O, => ?>=8<0N >G5=L ?;>E>; 745AL 5ABL >B:@>25=8O, :>B>@K5, 5A;8 <K 1C45< 8E ?><=8BL, C45@60B =0A >B <=>38E 7>;. / ?@8A5; @O4>< A  5=0B>N 8 C2845;, GB> B> 1K;0 :=830, =5402=> @07KA:0==0O <=>N C ;>:0, B0: :0: >=0 C65 402=> 1K;0 @0A?@>40=0: ?@5:@0A=K9 B><, >B?5G0B0==K9 5IQ 2 ?@>H;>< 25:5, 2 3>@>45 N15:5, ?>4 703;0285<: "Sanctae Brigittae Revelationes ex recensione cardinalis de Turrecremata". =830 1K;0 @0A:@KB0 =0 >?8A0=88 ?CB5H5AB28O @838BBK (254A:>9 ?> G8AB8;8IC 8 B5E @>4>2 <CG5=89, :0:85 >=0 B0< =01;N40;0.  C?>@ =0G0;8 <K G8B0BL > :0:>9-B> 3@5H=>9 4CH5, 3>;>20 :>B>@>9 1K;0 B0: :@5?:> ABO=CB0 BO6Q;>9 F5?LN, GB> 3;070 5Q, 2K;57H8 87 >@18B, 28A5;8 =0 A2>8E :>@=OE 4> A0<KE :>;5=, 0 <>73 ;>?=C; 8 2KB5:0; 87 CH59 8 87 =>AC; 40;55 87>1@060;8AL <CG5=8O 4@C3>9 4CH8, C :>B>@>9 O7K: 1K; 2K@20= G5@57 >B:@KBK5 =>74@8 8 A28A0; 4> 7C1>2; 5IQ 40;55 A;54>20;8 8=K5 D>@<K 2A52>7<>6=KE ?KB>:, A48@0=8O :>68, 8AE8I@Q==KE 18G520=89, B5@70=89 >3=Q<, :8?OI8< <0A;><, 32>74O<8 8 ?8;0<8. =5 =5 4>25;>AL ?@>G5ABL 2 MB>9 :=835 >?8A0=8O <C: 2 A0<>< 04C, => 2 87>1@065=88 G8AB8;8I0 708=B5@5A>20;0 B>;L:> A8;0 =5>1C740==>9 D0=B0788, <=>3> B5@O2H0O, 2?@>G5<, >B 4C@=>3> 87;>65=8O :0@48=0;0, =5 A>2A5< B2Q@4>3> 2 ;0B8=A:>9 AB8;8AB8:5. 0B> =0  5=0BC 2845=8O A2OB>9 @838BBK ?@>8725;8 2?5G0B;5=85 ?>B@OA0NI55, 8, >BB>;:=C2 AB@0H=CN :=83C, 2AO 4@>60, >=0 ?@860;0AL :> <=5, 2848<>, ?@54AB02;OO A515 703@>1=K5 <CG5=8O A> 2A59 OA=>ABLN >B:@K2H53>AO 27>@0< 7@5;8I0. ! GC2AB2>< =0AB>OI53> C60A0, :0: @51Q=>:, >AB02H89AO >48= 2 B5<=>B5, >=0 2>A:;8:=C;0 =0:>=5F: -- !B@0H=>! !B@0H=>!  MB> 3@>78B 2A5< =0<, :064><C, <=5 8 B515! >94Q<, ?><>;8<AO,  C?@5EB, 8 40 >AB028B =0< >3 AB>;L:> 687=8, GB>1K 703;048BL 2A5 3@5E8 =0H8!  MBC <8=CBC  5=0B0, =082=0O 8 @>1:0O, ?>E>60 1K;0 =0 <0;5=L:CN 45@525=A:CN 452>G:C, :>B>@CN ?C305B 7057689 <>=0E, =045OAL A 5Q ?><>ILN @0A?@>40BL ?>1>;LH5 8=4C;L35=F89, 8 1K;0 >=0 <=5 <8;0 8 4>@>30 =5A:070==>. / >E>B=> ?>A;54>20; 70 =59 : <0;5=L:><C 0;B0@N, 1K2H5<C 2 5Q :><=0B5, 8 <K AB0;8 =0 :>;5=8, ?>2B>@OO A2OBK5 A;>20: "Placare Christe servulis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e Occulta Philosophia" B>@65AB2>< G5;>25G5A:>3> C<0, => 5D8AB>D5;5A, 2<5H02H8AL, ?@5:@0B8; =0H A?>@ B0:8<8 A;>20<8: -- !:>;L:> 1K =8 ?>B5;8 2K, 3>A?>40, =04 D>@<C;0<8 8 A:>;L:> 1K =8 C?@06=O;8AL 2 <038G5A:>< >?KB5, 2AQ @02=> C;>28B5 2K 2 A2>8 A5B8 B>;L:> :0:CN-=81C4L 60;:CN B20@L 87 15A>2A:>3> <8@0, @048 :>B>@>9 8 B@C48BLAO =5 AB>8;>.  C6 A B5<8, :B> ?>A8;L=55, =5 20< BO30BLAO, 5A;8 =5 >:>20;8 8E =8 40<, =8 !>;><>=, =8 ;L15@B 5;8:89! C, 40 1C45B D8;>A>DAB2>20BL 8 A8AB5<0B878@>20BL; O, ?@02>, =5 2K=5AC 1>;LH5 CGQ=>9 <8=K; 40209B5 25A5;8BLAO: 254L <K 65 MB> >15I0;8 =0H5<C 3>ABN!  B@0:B8@5 1K;> 4>2>;L=> <=>3> ?>A5B8B5;59, 8 5D8AB>D5;5A, 2=570?=> ?5@5<5=82 A2>9 A5@LQ7=K9 284 =0 >1@07 =0AB>OI53> HCB0, >1@0B8;AO : ?@8ACBAB2CNI8< A :0:>9-B> ?@810CB:>9, ?@54;030O A?5BL ?5A5=:C. >5-:B> ?>4>HQ; : =0<, 0 5D8AB>D5;5A, ?@8A52 =0 AB>;, 72>=:8< 8 4>2>;L=> ?@8OB=K< 3>;>A>< 70?5; @07C40;K5 :C?;5BK, 87 :>B>@KE 70?><=8;AO <=5 B>;L:> ?@8?52, :>B>@K9 A:>@> AB0;0 ?>4BO3820BL 2AO 70;0: Wein! Wein! Von dem Rhein! >=G82 ?5A=N, 5D8AB>D5;5A >1@0B8;AO : A;CH0B5;O< A B0:8< ?@54;>65=85<: -- 8;>AB82K5 3>A?>40! !>25@H0O ?CB5H5AB285 8 ?>A5B82 20H 3>@>4, <K G@572KG09=> 4>2>;L=K 53> <5AB>?>;>65=85< 8 65;0;8 1K >B1;03>40@8BL :0:-=81C4L 20A 70 B>. >72>;LB5 65 =0< C3>AB8BL :064>3> 87 20A 4>1@>9 :8ABLN <>;>4>3> 28=>3@040! A5 ?@8=O;8 MB8 A;>20 70 HCB:C, 81> 5420 =0G8=0;0AL 25A=0 8 =0 ;>70E =5 <>3;> 1KBL 8 75;Q=>3> ;8AB8:0, => 5D8AB>D5;5A A ?>;CA5@LQ7=K<, ?>;CHCB>2A:8< 284>< ?@8=O;AO 70 8A?>;=5=85 A2>53> >15I0=8O. = 27O; 2 @C:8 420 1;N40 8, ?>4=O2 8E 225@E, ?@>BO=C; : A0<><C >:=C, :>B>@>5, 2284C 4CE>BK 2 :><=0B5, 1K;> A;53:0 ?@8>B:@KB>, ?@83>20@820O ?@8 MB>< A :><8G5A:8 B08=AB25==K< 284>< :0:85-B> 15AA<KA;5==K5 A;>20, ?> 2=5H=>AB8 ?>E>685 =0 70:;8=0=8O. @8B5;8, 3;O4O =0 MB8 ?@>45;:8, E>E>B0;8, :0: =04 2KE>4:>9 70102=>3> 30C:;5@0, => 5D8AB>D5;5A G5@57 =5A:>;L:> <8=CB ?>AB028; 1;N40 =0 AB>;, 8 >=8 >:070;8AL =0?>;=5==K<8 3@>74LO<8 15;>3> 8 :@0A=>3> 28=>3@040.  07C<55BAO, O =5 A><=520;AO, GB> 2 MB>< GC45 :@K;0AL B>;L:> E8B@>ABL ;>2:>3> D>:CA=8:0, >4=0:> 2 B> 2@5<O 8 O 1K; ?>@06Q= =5 <5=55 ?@>G8E, 8 C 2A5E =0A =52>;L=> 2K@20;>AL 2>A:;8F0=85 87C<;5=8O. 5D8AB>D5;5A 2A5E ?@83;0H0; ?>?@>1>20BL 53> C3>I5=8O, 8 B5, :B> =0 MB> >B206820;AO, <>3;8 C1548BLAO, GB> 28=>3@04 ?@>872>48; 2?5G0B;5=85 A>25@H5==> A25653>. 5:>B>@>5 2@5<O 5D8AB>D5;5A 1K; ?@54<5B>< 2A5>1I53> 2>AE8I5=8O, B0: :0: =0 =53> A<>B@5;8 =5 157 A2OI5==>3> AB@0E0, :0: =0 :>;4C=0 8;8 G0@>45O, 0 >=, A;>682 @C:8 =0 3@C48, A@548 B>;?OI8EAO 1N@35@>2 AB>O;, :0: 84>;, A ;8F>< 3>@45;82K<, :0: C NF8D5@0. 4=0:>, :>340 ?@>H;> ?5@2>5 C482;5=85, 70<5B8; :B>-B>, GB> ?>4>1=>5 45;> =5 <>3;> 1KBL 8A?>;=5=> 157 ?><>I8 GQ@=>9 A8;K, 8 MB>B 3>;>A ?>445@60; A;C30 B@0:B8@0, :>B>@><C =5 ?> 2:CAC 1K;>, GB> ?>A5B8B5;8 C3>I0NBAO ?@8?0A0<8, 4>1KBK<8 GC45A=K< A?>A>1><. 0:>9-B> ?>42K?82H89 :@5ABLO=8= 4065 ?>4ABC?8; : 5D8AB>D5;N A> A60BK<8 :C;0:0<8 8 AB0;, @C30OAL, B@51>20BL, GB>1K >= B>BG0A ?>F5;>20; :@5AB 8 ?>4B25@48;, GB> >= -- 4>1@K9 E@8AB80=8=. IQ B@5B89, 2848<>, ABC45=B 87 1C@AK, AB0; ?@54>AB5@530BL, GB> 28=>3@04 <>65B >:070BLAO >B@02;5==K<. 5D8AB>D5;5A =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O A;CH0; 1@0=L 8 =0?04:8 A =04<5==K< 284><, ?>B>< 24@C3 >B25B8; 2A5< B0:: -- A;8 20<, ?LO=GC38, <>9 28=>3@04 =5 ?> 2:CAC, B> 2K 53> 8 =5 ?>;CG8B5! !:0702, >= =0:8=C; =0 1;N40 :@09 A2>53> ?;0I0, 0 :>340 ?>4=O; 53> -- 28=>3@040 C65 =5 1K;> 8 2 ?><8=5, 8 2A5 <K <>3;8 4C<0BL, GB> 2845;8 8 ?@>1>20;8 O3>4K ;8HL 2 2>>1@065=88. "CB ?>4=O;AO =587JOA=8<K9 HC<, B0: :0: 2A5 A@07C ?@8H;8 2 O@>ABL 8 :8=C;8AL =0 =0A B@>8E, GB>1K ?>18BL =0A.  ;8F> =0< 2>?8;8, GB> <K -- <>H5==8:8, 8 GB> 4>;6=> ?5@540BL =0A 3>@>4A:8< 2;0ABO<, 0 :C;0:8 ?>4K<0;8AL C65 =04 =0H8<8 3>;>20<8, B0: GB> <>3;> =0< ?@89B8AL ?;>E>, B5< 1>;55 GB> <K 1K;8 703=0=K 2 C3>;. #65 8A:0; O 3;070<8 :0:>3>-;81> >@C68O, 4C<0O, GB> A8;>9 ?@84QBAO <=5 70I8I0BL A2>Q 4>AB>8=AB2>, => 2<5H0B5;LAB2> B@0:B8@=>3> E>7O8=0, :>B>@><C =5 E>B5;>AL, GB>1K 53> 702545=85 AB0;> 0@5=>N C189AB20, :>5-:0: CA?>:>8;> AA>@C. 5D8AB>D5;5A :8=C; =0 AB>; :@C?=CN <>=5BC, 8, ?>4 ?@8:@KB85< A;C38, 4>1@0;8AL <K 4> 425@8, ?@>2>605<K5 25AL<0 =5;5AB=K<8 2>73;0A0<8. >340 <K 1K;8 C65 =0 C;8F5, 4>:B>@ $0CAB A:070; 5D8AB>D5;N AC@>2>: -- 0: B515 =5 =0A:CG8B ?>2B>@OBL >4=8 8 B5 65 AB0@K5 HCB:8! !848B 2 B515 <5;:89 15AQ=>:, :>B>@K9 G0AC =5 <>65B ?@>68BL 157 ?@>:07. 8F> C B51O, 4>;6=> 1KBL, CAB05B 1KBL A5@LQ7=K< 8 4>;6=> >B 2@5<5=8 4> 2@5<5=8 :@828BLAO 2 3@8<0AC.  2A5E B2>8E <0;LG8H5A:8E ?@>45;:0E ABK4=> <=5 2A?><8=0BL! 5D8AB>D5;5A >B25B8; A ?@5C25;8G5==>9 ?>GB8B5;L=>ABLN: -- 'B> 45;0BL, ;N157=K9 4>:B>@, =5 2A5< 1KBL 8A?KB0B5;O<8 M;5<5=B>2, :0: 2K, 40 : B><C 65 <K >15I0;8 ?>701028BL =0H53> A>B>20@8I0! $0CAB ?@>4>;60;: --  GB>, 5A;8 1K E>7O8= =5 2ABC?8;AO 70 =0A, ?@8H;>AL 1K =0< ?>7=0:><8BLAO A :Q;L=A:8<8 :C;0:0<8! 5D8AB>D5;5A 2>7@078;: -- >B 5IQ! / AK3@0; 1K A =8<8 B0:CN 65 HCB:C, :0: A ?8BCE0<8 87 C5@10E>2A:>3> ?>3@510 2 59?F835, 8 <K 5IQ ?>B5H8;8AL 1K 242>5. 'B>1K ?5@5<5=8BL @073>2>@, O A?@>A8; 5D8AB>D5;O, :0: 4>;6=> A<>B@5BL =0 ?>:070==K9 8< D>:CA: 5ABL ;8 MB> ?@>2>@AB2> @C: 8;8 >1<0= 7@5=8O, -- => >= A:070; <=5: -- K >H81;8AL, MB> =8 B>, =8 4@C3>5, => C<5=85 ?>;L7>20BLAO 70:>=0<8 ?@8@>4K. 0< 4>;6=> 1KBL 8725AB=>, GB> 3>4 @0745;Q= <564C 42C<O G0ABO<8 75<;8, B0: GB> :>340 C =0A 78<0, 2 !0159A:>9 =488 -- ;5B>, 8 =0>1>@>B. AB0QBAO B>;L:> 8<5BL 2 A2>Q< @0A?>@O65=88 <0;5=L:>3> 4CE0, C<5NI53> ;5B0BL 1KAB@>, 8 >= 157 B@C40 2 ;N1>9 <5AOF 4>AB028B 20< ;N1K5 ?;>4K, A>7@520NI85 345-;81> =0 4@C3>< :>=F5 A25B0. 0: 2A5340, 2 @5G0E 5D8AB>D5;O =5;L7O 1K;> ?@8 MB>< >?@545;8BL, 3>2>@8B ;8 >= =0A<5E0OAL 8;8 >B 4CH8, => O =5 AB0; =0AB0820BL =0 >1JOA=5=8OE. "5< 2@5<5=5< ?>4>H;8 <K : ?5@5:@5AB:C, 345 4>;6=> 1K;> =0< @0AAB0BLAO, 8 O, ?>28=COAL 2=570?=><C 65;0=8N, B0: :0: =>2K5 7=0:><FK 2 A8;L=>9 AB5?5=8 70=O;8 <>Q ;N1>?KBAB2>, A:070; B0:, >1@0I0OAL : 4>:B>@C $0CABC: -- N157=K9 4>:B>@! !53>4=O CB@>< O >E>B=> 8A?>;=8; 20HC ?@>AL1C, 4;O <5=O =5 A>2A5< >1K:=>25==CN, -- A;C68BL 20< ?@>2>4=8:><. 5G5@>< O B>65 E>GC >B=5AB8AL : 20< A ?@>AL1>9, <>65B 1KBL, =5A:@><=>9. K <=5 A:070;8, GB> =0<5@5=K ?@>4>;60BL 20H5 ?CB5H5AB285 8 545B5 2 3>@>4 "@8@. > 8 <=5 5ABL =C640 >B?@028BLAO BC40 65. 5 ?>72>;8B5 ;8 2K ?@8A>548=8BLAO : 20<, ?@8GQ<, :>=5G=>, 2A5 A2>8 @0AE>4K O 2>7L<C =0 A51O?  4>@>35 4>1@0O H?030 =8:>340 =5 ?><5H05B, 0 <>O 3@CABL 1C45B =5;8H=59 ?@8 ?>AB>O==>9 25AQ;>AB8 20H53> A?CB=8:0. 420 O A:070; MBC @5GL, :0: ;8F> 5D8AB>D5;O, 2>>1I5 A?>A>1=>5 <5=OBL A2>Q 2K@065=85, :0: E0<5;5>= F25B :>68, A45;0;>AL 2KA>:><5@=K< 8 ?@57@8B5;L=K<, A;>2=> C 3>AC40@O, 3>2>@OI53> A ?@842>@=K< ;LAB5F><, 8 >= A:070; <=5: -- 728=8B5, 3>A?>48=  C?@5EB, <K =5 =C6405<AO =8 2 45=L30E, =8 2 H?030E. K ?CB5H5AB2C5< 242>Q<, 8 C =0A =5B <5AB0 4;O B@5BL53>. K ;CGH5 ?@8AB@>9B5AL : :0:><C-;81> :0@020=C :C?F>2. 5 CA?5; O >B25B8BL =0 MB> >A:>@1;5=85, :0: $0CAB, 4> B5E ?>@ ?@>O2;O2H89 B>;L:> :@09=NN 256;82>ABL, 24@C3 ?@8HQ; 2 ?>A;54=55 @074@065=85 8 70:@8G0; =0 A2>53> 4@C30 B0: 3=52=>, :0: B>;L:> E>7O8= <>65B :@8G0BL =0 A>10:C: -- >;G8, 8 ?>72>;L <=5 A0<><C 2K18@0BL A2>8E A?CB=8:>2! C<05HL BK, GB> <=5 ?@8OB=> 2845BL ?>AB>O==> >:>;> A51O B>;L:> B2>Q :@82;ONI55AO ;8F>? >65 <>9, 40 <=5 AG0ABL5< 1C45B A;KH0BL 1;87 A51O 682>9, G5;>25G5A:89 3>;>A! 0 MB8 3=52=K5 A;>20 4>:B>@0 $0CAB0 5D8AB>D5;5A @0AA<5O;AO, :0: 5A;8 1K B> 1K;0 <8;0O HCB:0, 8 >B25B8;: -- 0H5 45;>, 4>:B>@, ?@8:07K20BL, 0 <=5 -- ?>28=>20BLAO, 8 O 20< ?>:>@=K9 A;C30, ?>:0 =5 A;CG8BAO :0:>9-;81> A;CG09=>9 ?5@5<5=K 2 =0H8E >B=>H5=8OE. A;8 O >B:070; 3>A?>48=C, B> B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> 1>O;AO 20A >15A?>:>8BL, 0 A0< O >G5=L @04 ?>?CBG8:C, ;8E><C A>1CBK;L=8:C 8 O@><C A>15A54=8:C. 1> 28=> 8 ;>38:0 -- MB> <>8 A;01>AB8, 157 :>B>@KE <=5 8 687=L =5 2 687=L. 0B5<, >1@0I0OAL :> <=5, 5D8AB>D5;5A 4>1028;: -- K ?CA:05<AO 2 4>@>3C 702B@0 =0 70@5, 0 =094QB5 2K =0A 2 3>AB8=8F5 ""@QE >@>;59". >A;5 MB>3> <K CGB82> ?>?@>I0;8AL 8 @07>H;8AL 2 @07=K5 AB>@>=K. K;> 5IQ 4>2>;L=> @0=>, 8 <=5 ?@8H;> 1K;> =0 C< ?>9B8 : 4><C 8AA<0=>2 8 E>BO 1K 703;O=CBL B09:>< : =8< 2 >:=>, => B>BG0A 70<5B8; O, GB> 2G5@0H=55 <>Q @5H5=85 C5E0BL 8 A53>4=OH=85 ?@8:;NG5=8O A>25@H5==> 702>;>:;8 BC<0=>< ;8: 3=5AAK 2 <>59 4CH5, 8 O BIQB=> 8A:0; 2 A2>Q< A5@4F5 ?@56=8E 4@C65A:8E GC2AB2 : =59, A;>2=> ;Q3:8E G5@B, =0G5@B0==KE =0 ?@81@56=>< ?5A:5 8 ABQ@BKE ?@8;82>< 1>;LH8E 2>;=. "0: 8 =5 ?>;N1>?KBAB2>20; O GB>-;81> @072540BL >1 CG0AB8 3=5AAK 8 ?> =0AB>OI89 45=L =5 7=0N, >B?@028; ;8 5Q 1@0B 70 5Q 28=C 2 :0:>9-=81C4L <>=0ABK@L, 8;8 C4>2>;LAB2>20;AO 4><0H=8< =0:070=85<, 8;8, ?>25@82 <>8< 10A=O<, ?@>AB8; 2?>;=5. >;LH5 O =8:>340 =5 2845; 3=5AAK, =5 3>2>@8; >1 =59 =8 A :5< 8 B>;L:>, =0G02 MB8 70?8A:8, 2=>2L >6828; 5Q >1@07, ?>:>82H89AO <8@=> 2 >4=>< 87 3@>1>2 2 BQ<=>< C3;C <>59 ?0<OB8. @8H54H8 4><>9, O @0A?;0B8;AO A C87>N, :>B>@0O =5 ?@5<8=C;0 ?> MB><C ?>2>4C 3>@L:> ?>?;0:0BL, >B40; 59 =0 E@0=5=85 @07=K5 3@><>74:85 25I8, :0: :=838, 0 >AB0;L=K5 C;>68; >:>=G0B5;L=> 8 1@>A8;AO 2 ?>AB5;L, GB>1K >B4>E=CBL ?>A;5 4=O, ?>;=>3> ?@8:;NG5=8O<8 =5>1KG09=K<8.  =07=0G5==K9 G0A, @0=> CB@><, O 1K; =0 =>30E 8, ?5@5:8=C2 G5@57 ?;5G> A2>9 4>@>6=K9 <5H>:, ?>A?5H8; : ""@Q< >@>;O<", >4=>9 87 ;CGH8E 3>AB8=8F 2 3>@>45. # 5Q 2>@>B C65 AB>O;0 :@5?:0O, :@KB0O ?>2>7:0, 70?@O65==0O G5B25@=QN 4>1@KE ;>H0459, 0 4>:B>@ $0CAB 8 5D8AB>D5;5A, AB>O =0 :@K;LF5, @0A?>@O60;8AL C:;04:>N ?>A;54=8E 25I59. >:B>@ ?@825BAB2>20; <5=O ;N157=>, 0 5D8AB>D5;5A ;C:02>, -- =>, 2?@>G5<, 157 =0A<5H:8 >= =5 C<5; >1E>48BLAO =8:>340. !:@><=K9 <>9 C75; <K ?@825A8;8 A7048 :C7>20, ?>B>< O 8 4>:B>@ $0CAB A5;8 2=CB@L ?>2>7:8, 0 5D8AB>D5;5A A :CG5@>< =0 :>7;K. !:>@> ?>A;KH0;>AL IQ;:0=85 :=CB0, ;>H048 @20=C;8, 8 ?>2>7:0 ?>:0B8;0AL ?> >==>2A:>9 4>@>35 : !525@8=A:8< 2>@>B0<, C2>7O <5=O, <>65B 1KBL, =02A5340, 87 3>@>40 Q;L=0, 345 O ?@>68; 70<5G0B5;L=59H85 4=8 A2>59 687=8. ;020 12. 0: ?CB5H5AB2>20; O A 4>:B>@>< $0CAB>< 8 :0: ?@>2Q; ?5@2KE 420 4=O 2 70<:5 3@0D0 D>= 5;;5= I ">;L:> :>340 3>@>4A:85 AB5=K C65 402=> >AB0;8AL ?>7048 =0A 8 27>@ <>9 =52>;L=> AB0; 218@0BL 2 A51O 40;8 25A5==8E ?>;59, -- 24@C3 ?>GC2AB2>20; O 2AN =5A>>1@07=>ABL A2>53> ?>;>65=8O 8, :0: 1K A> AB>@>=K ?>A<>B@52 =0 A51O, 2 GC6>9 ?>2>7:5, A GC68<8 ;N4L<8, 70G5<-B> >B?@02;ONI53>AO 2 3>@>4 "@8@, <KA;5==> @0AA<5O;AO.  A0<>< 45;5, H03 70 H03><, ABC?5=L 70 ABC?5=LN, 70AB028;0 <5=O AC4L10 A?CAB8BLAO 2 3;C18=K, AB>;L 40;Q:85 >B 2A5E <>8E ?@56=8E ?;0=>2 8 =0<5@5=89, GB> 1K;0O 687=L C65 ?@54AB02;O;0AL <=5 A;>2=> A=56=0O 25@H8=0 70 >1;0:0<8. 4=0:>, B0: :0: 87402=0 ?>AB028; O A515 ?@028;>< =8:>340 =5 60;5BL > ?>ABC?:5, @07 A>25@HQ==><, ?>AB0@0;AO O 8 A2>Q ?CB5H5AB285 A 4>:B>@>< $0CAB>< >1@0B8BL : A515 AB>@>=>9, =081>;55 4;O <5=O 2K3>4=>9. >=5<=>3C, =5A<>B@O =0 B@OA:C ?>2>7:8, 81> :C7>2 5Q =5 1K; ?>425H5= =0 @5<=OE, :0: B> CAB@0820NB B5?5@L 4;O >1;53G5=8O 574OI8E, C40;>AL <=5 2>2;5GL A2>53> A?CB=8:0 2 >682;Q==K9 @073>2>@.  A:>@> <>3 O C65 =5 @0A:0820BLAO, GB> 70B5O; MBC ?>574:C, B0: :0: 4>:B>@ $0CAB >:070;AO A>15A54=8:>< 70=8<0B5;L=59H8<. >2>@8;8 <K A =8< de omni re scibili, 5A;8 ?>;L7>20BLAO ;N18<K< 2K@065=85< 8:> 45;;0 8@0=4>;0, 8 O <>3 C1548BLAO, GB> >1;0AB8 3@0<<0B8:8 8 =0BC@0;L=>9 D8;>A>D88, <0B5<0B8:8 8 D878:8, 0AB@>=><88 8 N48F80@=>9 0AB@>;>388, 2A5E <548F8= 8 ?@02, B5>;>388, <0388, M:>=><88 8 4@C38E 8A:CAAB2 @02=> 7=0:><K <>5<C A?CB=8:C, :0: E>@>H5<C E>7O8=C A2>9 >3>@>4. / A=0G0;0 >A?0@820; 8=K5 70<5G0=8O 4>:B>@0, ?>B>< ?@5@K20; 53> @5GL :>@>B:8<8 2AB02:0<8, => ?>B>< 15A540 =0H0 ?@52@0B8;0AL 2 <>=>;>3, 8 O ?@54?>GQ; 83@0BL @>;L ?>GB8B5;L=>3> A;CH0B5;O. "0: 4;8;>AL, ?>:0 5D8AB>D5;5A, >1@0B82 : =0< A :>7Q; A2>Q :@82;ONI55AO ;8F>, =5 ?5@5@570; <>53> 2=8<0=8O ;57285< :0:>9-B> =5;5?>9 HCB:8. "> 1K;> ?5@54 =0H8< ?@81;865=85< : <5AB5G:C @N;;N, 345 <K 40;8 >B4KE ;>H04O< 8 ?@>25;8 =5A:>;L:> G0A>2 2 :0:>9-B> A:25@=>9 3>AB8=8F5. 45AL ?>2AB@5G0;8 <K =5A:>;L:> ;>;;0@4>2, :>B>@K5, 703>2>@82 A =0<8, AB0;8 ?@>A;02;OBL CA?5E8 ;NB5@0=AB20 8 4@C38E ?>4>1=KE CG5=89, C:07K20O =0 2>7@0AB0NICN A8;C (<0;L:0;L45=A:>3> A>N70 ?@>B5AB0=B>2, :>B>@K9 =K=5 5420 ;8 =5 1>;55 2;0AB5= 2 5@<0=88, G5< 8<?5@0B>@, =0 A<5;>ABL :>@>;O 0=3;89A:>3>, 2<5AB> ?0?K A0<>3> A51O >1JO282H53> A2OB>N 3;02>N B5;0 F5@:28, =0 ?>42838 :>@>;59 H254A:>3> 8 40BA:>3>, >B=O2H8E C 4CE>2=KE 2AQ 8E 25:>2>5 8<CI5AB2>, =0:>=5F, =0 C?>@=>5 A>?@>B82;5=85 :0B>;8G5A:><C 2>9A:C =>2>3> ?@>@>:0 >0==0 >::>;L40 2 N=AB5@5. 5D8AB>D5;5A, 2ABC?82 2 A?>@, 3>@OG> 70I8I0; 4>AB>8=AB2> A2OB>9 F5@:28 8 A:070;, <564C ?@>G8<: -- -B8 =>2K5 5@5A8 8<5NB CA?5E ?>B><C, GB> :=O7LO ?>GCO;8 745AL =0682C, :0: A>10:8 GCNB 60@:>5, 0 A0<>3> NB5@0 >48= 4>1@K9 GQ@B 2>48B 70 =>A.  :>=F5 :>=F>2, ?>A;5 MB8E 25@>8A?>2540=89 8 =>2KE :0B5E878A>2, E@8AB80=AB2> B0: >1<5;55B, GB> 04C :C40 ;53G5 1C45B ;>28BL A 15@530 A2>N @K1C. !:>@> ;N157=K9 G8B0B5;L C2848B, ?>G5<C O AGQ; =C6=K< 70?8A0BL 745AL MB8 A;>20 5D8AB>D5;O. 7 @N;;O ?>5E0;8 <K ?> 4>@>35 =0 2A:8@E5=, => 8 O, 8 4>:B>@ $0CAB 1K;8 C65 7=0G8B5;L=> CB><;5=K, B0: GB> MBC G0ABL ?CB8 <K A45;0;8 ?>GB8 <>;G0, 8 BI5B=> AB0@0;AO =0A @0725A5;8BL 5D8AB>D5;5A B> A2>8<8 ?@810CB:0<8, B> 70AB02;OO ?5BL ?5A=8 =0H53> :CG5@0, G5;>25:0 <@0G=>3> 2840, =0 CAB0E :>B>@>3> :064>5 25AQ;>5 A;>2> :070;>AL :>IC=AB2><.  2A:8@E5= ?@81K;8 <K C65 2 AC<5@:0E, <5GB0O :064K9 B>;L:> > A?>:>9=>9 ?>AB5;8, => B0< 640;> =0A ?@8:;NG5=85, 35@>5< :>B>@>3> 2KAB028; A51O >?OBL B>B 65 =5CB><8<K9 ?@>:07=8: 5D8AB>D5;5A. 5;> 2 B><, GB> 2 3>@>45 >:070;>AL <=>65AB2> ?@85768E, 8 =0< ;8HL ?>A;5 4>;38E ?@5?8@0B5;LAB2 2 3>AB8=8F5, ?>4 2K25A:>9 "Zwey Schl-ssel", A>3;0A8;8AL ?@54>AB028BL 4;O =>G;530 >1ICN 70;C, :>340 ?>A5B8B5;8 @07>94CBAO. @8E>48;>AL 8 70 B> 1KBL 1;03>40@=K<, 8 <K 2 1>;LH>9 :><=0B5 2B>@>3> MB060, =018B>9, :0: B@N< B>@3>2>3> :>@01;O, ?@8<>AB8;8AL, GB>1K ?>C68=0BL, 2 C3;C, 70 =58<5=85< A2>1>4=>3> AB>;0, >:>;> 4>A>:, C;>65==KE =0 420 ?CABKE 1>G>=:0. 564C 1@06=8G0NI8<8 3>ABO<8, 1>;LH5N G0ABLN C65 A>25@H5==> ?LO=K<8, E>7O8= 3>AB8=8FK 8 53> 548=AB25==K9 A;C30 <5B0;8AL ?> 2AO:8< 4803>=0;O<, A18BK5 A B>;:C 8 =5 GCNI85 ?>4 A>1>9 =>3. 5D8AB>D5;5A, ?>A;5 B>3> :0: <K 4>;3> 4>1820;8AL, GB>1K =0< ?>40;8 G53>-;81> 4;O C68=0, ?>9<0; =0:>=5F A;C3C 70 3>@;> 8, A45;02 AB@0H=CN 3@8<0AC, 70:@8G0; 5<C ?@O<> 2 ;8F>, GB>1K >= ?@8=QA =0< =5<54;5==> 28=0 8 10@0=8=K. 5A:>;L:> 2@5<5=8 A?CABO ?0@5=L ?>O28;AO ?5@54 =0<8, A 2>;>A0<8, ?@8;8?H8<8 :> ;1C >B CAB0;>AB8, ?> 284C A>25@H5==> 4C@:>20BK9, 8 AC=C; =0< :20@BC 28=0 8 B@8 AB0:0=0. K B>BG0A A?@>A8;8 53>, 345 65 10@0=8=0, => >=, >7;>1;5==K9, 4>;6=> 1KBL, 2A5>1I8<8 ?>?@Q:0<8, >B25G0; =0< 3@C1>: -- >3>48B5, 8 ?>;CGH5 20A 4>6840NBAO! 5:>B>@K5 87 ?>A5B8B5;59, CA;KH02 B0:CN =0< >B?>254L, 70E>E>B0;8 ?LO=K< A<5E><, 0 :B>-B> A 40;L=53> AB>;0 4065 :@8:=C;: ""0: 8E, D@0=B>2!", E>BO =8:B> 87 =0A =5 I53>;O; >4564>9. !5@48BLAO =0 A;>20 BC?>3> :0@AB30=A0 1K;>, :>=5G=>, =5C<=>, => ?> =52>;L=><C 42865=8N, :0: =52>;L=> ?>4K<05HL @C:C, 5A;8 =0 B51O 70<0E820NBAO, O GB>-B> 70:@8G0; =0 =5256C. 4=0:> <5=O ?@54C?@548; 5D8AB>D5;5A, 8, ?0OA=8G0O, :0: 7057689 D83;O@, >= AE20B8; >4=>9 @C:>9 ?0@=O 70 ?;5G> 8 :@8:=C; 5<C ?@5C25;8G5==> 3@><:8< 3>;>A><: -- E, =53>4O9! C<05HL BK, GB> <K AB0=5< ?8BL 157 70:CA:8! >1@K9 AB0:0= 28=0 B@51C5B 8 4>1@>3> :CA:0!  5A;8 BK =5 E>G5HL ?>40BL <=5 : 28=C 10@0=8=K, B0: O AJ5< B51O A0<>3>! !;KH02H85 MBC @5GL ?@8=O;8AL 5IQ 1>;LH5 E>E>B0BL, 0 5D8AB>D5;5A 1KAB@> >?>@>6=8; =0;8BK9 AB0:0= 28=0, ?>B>< =55AB5AB25==> @078=C; A2>9 @>B, ?@8GQ< >= AB0; ?>E>6 =0 ?0ABL 7<58, 8 A45;0; 284, GB> E>G5B 459AB28B5;L=> ?@>3;>B8BL 154=>3> <0;>3>.  :0: 1K AB@0==K< 8 =525@>OB=K< MB> =8 ?>:070;>AL, => O 4>;65= 70A2845B5;LAB2>20BL, GB> 2 B>B 65 <83 A;C30 8AG57 87 =0H8E 3;07, :0: 1C4B> 53> 745AL 2>2A5 =5 1K20;>, 0 5D8AB>D5;5A, 70:@K20O @>B, A;>2=> ?>A;5 E>@>H53> 3;>B:0, A5; >?OBL 70 AB>; 8 ?>?@>A8; =0;8BL A515 5IQ AB0:0=. A5 ?@8ACBAB2>202H85 1K;8 >H5;><;5=K B0:8< GC4><, 8=K5 >AB0;8AL ?@O<> A >B:@KBK<8 @B0<8, 8 =0 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O ?LO=K9 HC< 70;K A<5=8;AO B0:>9 B8H8=>9, :0:0O 1K205B ;8HL =0 <>@5 2 G0A A0<>3> ?>;=>3> HB8;O, :>340 2>40 ?>E>60 =0 75;Q=>5 75@:0;>. !@548 MB>3> <>;G0=8O 4>:B>@ $0CAB A:070; A2>5<C A?>A?5H=8:C 2?>;3>;>A0: -- 5C65;8 B515 70102=> 87>1@060BL ?5@54 MB8<8 =5CG0<8 G0@>45O? 5D8AB>D5;5A 2>7@078; B0:65 2?>;3>;>A0: -- >@>3>9 4>:B>@! <K 2A5 87>1@0605< GB>-=81C4L: O -- G0@>45O, 2K -- CGQ=>3>, :>B>@><C =8GB> =5 <8;>. AO:89 G5;>25:, A>3;0A=> A >8A55<, B>;L:> 87>1@065=85 >685.  E>B5; 1K O C7=0BL, GB> 2>>1I5 8725AB=> 20<, :@><5 87>1@065=89? "5< 2@5<5=5< : =0< ?>41560; E>7O8= 3>AB8=8FK, @0AB5@O==K9 8 8A?C30==K9, A> H;O?>9 2 @C:5, 1@>A8;AO =0 :>;5=8, A;>2=> ?5@54 2;045B5;L=K<8 :=O7LO<8, 8 AB0; C<>;OBL =0A, 3>2>@O B0:: -- >1@K5 8 <8;>AB82K5 3>A?>40! 5 872>;LB5 3=520BLAO =0 <>53> 4C@=O: C =53> <5;0=E>;8O A 45BAB20. K 20< 2AOG5A:8 CA;C68<, 8 O ?@54>AB02;N 20< A2>N A>1AB25==CN :><=0BC =0 MBC =>GL. > B>;L:> 2K <=5 <>53> :5;L=5@0 25@=8B5, ?>B><C GB> A53>4=O C <5=O A;8H:>< <=>3> 45;0!  4@C3>9 @07 O =5 AB0; 1K B@52>68BL B0:8E 3>A?>4 A2>59 3;C?>9 ?@>AL1>9, => 2K A0<8 ?>A<>B@8B5: 2848B5, GB> >4=><C =5 C?@028BLAO!.. 5D8AB>D5;5A 70A<5O;AO, A<5E>< E@8?;K< 8 2>2A5 =5 25AQ;K<, 8 A:070;: -- C, <>9 4@C3, =0 ?5@2K9 @07 8728=ON! !BC?09 2=87, B0<, ?>4 ;5AB=8F59, =094QHL A2>53> A;C3C. %>7O8= 8 2A5 ?>A5B8B5;8, O 2 B>< G8A;5, ?>1560;8 2=87, 8 2 A0<>< 45;5, ?>4 ;5AB=8F59, 345 A:;04K20;8AL 4@>20, A845; 154=K9 ?0@5=L 8 4@>60;, :0: =>2>@>64Q==K9 B5;Q=>:, A;>2=> 1K C =53> 1K;0 65AB>:0O ;8E>@04:0. %>7O8= 2KB0I8; 53> =0 A25B, 8 <K 2A5 =0?5@5@K2 AB0;8 53> @0AA?@0H820BL, GB> 8<5==> A =8< A;CG8;>AL, => >B =53> =5;L7O 1K;> 4>18BLAO =8 A;>20, B0: :0: AB@0E, 4>;6=> 1KBL, >BH81 5<C ?0<OBL. 5@=C2H8AL =025@E, O =0 MB>B @07 ?>>AB5@Q3AO @0AA?@0H820BL 5D8AB>D5;O, C65 7=0O 53> <0=5@C >B25G0BL =8G53> =5 7=0G0I8<8 HCB:0<8. 'B> 4> E>7O8=0, B> >= A2>Q >15I0=85 A45@60; 8 459AB28B5;L=> ?@54>AB028; =0< =0 =>GL, A0< A 65=>9 ?5@51@02H8AL 2 :0:>9-B> GC;0=, A2>N :><=0BC A 1>;LH>9 45@52O==>9 42CA?0;L=>9 ?>AB5;LN. 0 MB><-B> AC?@C65A:>< ;>65 8 ?@>25;8 G0AK 4> @0AA25B0, 1>: > 1>:, <K 42>5 A 4>:B>@>< $0CAB><, B0: :0: 5D8AB>D5;5A ?@54?>GQ; A?0BL 345-B> 2 4@C3>< <5AB5. 5@54 A=>< O, :0: 1C4B> 157 704=59 <KA;8, A:070; 4>:B>@C: -- 5@>OB=>, >B <=>38E =5?@8OB=>AB59 ?CB5H5AB28O 87102;O5B 20A ;>2:>ABL 20H53> 4@C30? >:B>@ $0CAB >B25G0; <=5: -- / 65;0; 1K 8A?KBK20BL 2 ?CB8 8 2 687=8 :0: <>6=> 1>;LH5 2AO:>3> @>40 =5?@8OB=>AB59, 1>;LH8E 8 <0;KE, B>340, 1KBL <>65B, 7=0; 1K O 8 @04>AB8. !;>20 MB8 1K;8 A:070=K 1>;55 A5@LQ7=>, =565;8 B>3> B@51>20; <>9 2>?@>A, 8 B>BG0A 4>:B>@, 70:@K2 3;070, A45;0; 284, GB> 70A=C;, 0 70B5< 2A:>@5 CAB0;>ABL ?@5@20;0 2A5 <>8 ?CB0NI85AO 4C<K > =0H8E 4=52=KE ?@8:;NG5=8OE. 0 4@C3>9 45=L, @0=> CB@><, A>?@>2>6405<K5 =87:8<8 ?>:;>=0<8 E>7O8=0, <K ?CAB8;8AL 40;55 2 4>@>3C, =0?@02;OOAL : N=AB5@59D5;N, :@0A82><C <5AB5G:C =0 15@53C -@DB0, A> AB0@8==>9 F5@:>2LN; B0< <K >B4>E=C;8, 157 >A>1KE, =0 MB>B @07, ?@>8AH5AB289. BBC40 <K A25@=C;8 =5A:>;L:> =0 2>AB>:, 45@60 ?CBL =0 @A:85 3>@K ?> 75<;O< 0@E85?8A:>?AB20 "@8@A:>3>, 345 =0 :064>< H03C GC2AB2>20;AO 4>AB0B>: 687=8, A>740==K9 <C4@K< C?@02;5=85< ?>:>9=>3> 0@E85?8A:>?0  8E0@40 D>= @59DD5=:;0C.  B>B 45=L O >?OBL C?>@=> 2K7K20; 4>:B>@0 $0CAB0 =0 @073>2>@ 8 <>=>;>38, B0: :0: =5>1E>48<> 1K;> <=5 =5?@5AB0==> A>A@54>B>G820BL 2=8<0=85, GB>1K ?>4028BL 2 4CH5 BC BO3>AB=CN B>A:C ?>  5=0B5 8 ?> ?>B5@O==><C 1;065=AB2C, :>B>@0O, =5A<>B@O =0 2A5 ?@52@0B=>AB8 AB@0=AB28O, >B 2@5<5=8 4> 2@5<5=8 ?>4K<0;0AL 2 <>59 4CH5, :0: ?>4K<0NBAO 2 A2>9 G0A 3>@OG85 2>4K 2 8A;0=4A:8E 8AB>G=8:0E. 0 A:;>=5 4=O, ?@>5E02 $@59AE59<, AB0;8 ?>4C<K20BL <K, 345 =0< ?@>25AB8 MBC =>GL, :>340 24@C3 =5>6840==>5 A>1KB85 87<5=8;> 2A5 =0H8 ?@54?>;>65=8O, 0 <5=O, ?CBQ< =5?@542845==K< 8 87>3=CBK<, ?>25;> : @>:>2>9 @072O7:5 B>9 3>@5AB=>9 8AB>@88, :>B>@CN O ?5@540N =0 MB8E AB@0=8F0E. -B> A>1KB85 AB>8B, :0: 725=>, 2 B>< @O4C A;CG09=>AB59, :>B>@K5 A2>8< >A<KA;5==K< ?>AB>O=AB2>< 70AB02;ONB <5=O ?>G8B0BL 687=L =5 83@0;8I5< A;5?KE AB8E89, => B2>@5=85< 8A:CA=>3> EC4>6=8:0, 8720O==K< ?> >?@545;5==><C 8 482=> A>25@H5==><C 70<KA;C. #65 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O ;N1>?KBAB2> =0H5 ?@82;5:0; :@0A82K9 70<>:, AB>O2H89 =0 2KA>:>< 15@53C 8H5;O, 4>;8=>9 :>B>@>3> <K 5E0;8, 8 3>A?>4AB2>202H89 =04 2A5< 3>@87>=B>< A2>8<8 G5B25@>C3>;L=K<8 10H=O<8 AB0@8==>9 AB@>9:8. >340, ?>A;5 >4=>3> 873810 @5:8, <K >:070;8AL A>2A5< >B =53> ?>1;87>AB8, <K 70<5B8;8, GB> : =0< 1KAB@> ?@81;8605BAO 25@E>2>9, @07<0E820O H;O?>9 8 O2=> 45;0O =0< 7=0:8. ">340 5D8AB>D5;5A ?@8:070; >AB0=>28BL ;>H0459, 0 25AB>2>9, >45BK9 :0: 35@>;L4 =0 BC@=8@5, ?>4J5E0; 8, CGB82> :;0=OOAL, A:070;: -- >9 3>A?>48=, 3@0D 40;L15@B D>= 5;;5=, 2;045;5F MB>3> 70<:0, ?@8:070; <=5 >A254><8BLAO: =5 2K ;8 7=0<5=8BK9 4>:B>@ B5>;>388, D8;>A>D88, <548F8=K 8 ?@020 >30== $0CAB 87 8BB5=15@30, :>B>@K9 4>;65= 1K; ?@>5E0BL G5@57 =0H8 75<;8 ?> ?CB8 2 3>@>4 "@8@? >:B>@ ?@87=0;AO, GB> MB> B>G=> >=, 8 B>340 25AB>2>9 ?@>4>;60;: -- >9 3>A?>48= ?>:>@=59H5 ?@>A8B 20A 8 20H8E A?CB=8:>2 ?>60;>20BL : =0< 2 70<>: 8 2>A?>;L7>20BLAO =0H8< 3>AB5?@88<AB2>< =0 MBC =>GL, 8;8 8 40;55, 5A;8 B> 1C45B 20< C3>4=>. #A;KH02 MB8 A;>20, 5D8AB>D5;5A 2>A:;8:=C;: -- N157=K9 4>:B>@! 0<5G05HL ;8 BK, :0:>9 2A5=0@>4=>9 A;02K <K A B>1>9 C65 4>AB83;8! 'B> 4> <5=O, O =5 ?@>GL >B 3@0DA:>3> ?@54;>65=8O. > <=5 :C40 ;CGH5 =568BLAO =0 0@8AB>:@0B8G5A:8E :@>20BOE, G5< 87=K20BL >B :;>?>2 2 45@525=A:>9 :>@G<5 8;8 ?@>2>48BL =>GL =0 E>7O9A:>9 42CA?0;L=>9 ?>AB5;8 ?>-D;>@5=B89A:8. "0: :0: 8 <K A 4>:B>@>< =8G53> =5 8<5;8 ?@>B82 ?@8NB0, ;N157=> =0< ?@54;>65==>3>, B> <K 8 ?>A?5H8;8 >B25B8BL 25AB>2><C A>3;0A85< 8 ?>25@=C;8 ;>H0459 : 70<:C. > ?>4JQ<=><C <>ABC, ?5@5:8=CB><C G5@57 @>2 A 2>4>9, <K ?@>5E0;8 A=0G0;0 =0 ?5@2K9 42>@, 345 >B40;8 ;>H0459 8 ?>2>7:C A;C30<, ?>B>< ?5H:>< G5@57 2B>@K5 2>@>B0 ?@>H;8 =0 3;02=K9 42>@ 70<:0, ?@52@0IQ==K9 2=8<0=85< 2;045;LF0 2 =51>;LH>9 A04 2 8B0;LO=A:>< 2:CA5. 45AL ?5@54 ;5AB=8F59, 254H59 2> 2=CB@5==>ABL 70<:0, 2AB@5B8; =0A A0< 3@0D D>= 5;;5=, >:@C6Q==K9 =51>;LH>9 A28B>9, G5;>25: <>;>4>9, ?@82;5:0B5;L=K9, A >4=8< 87 B5E >B:@KBKE ;8F, >?CH5==KE =51>;LH>9 1>@>4:>9, :0:85 ;N18B 87>1@060BL 25=5F80=A:89 <0AB5@ "8F80= 5G5;;8. @0D ?@825BAB2>20; 4>:B>@0 $0CAB0 F5@5<>==>9 @5GLN, 2 :>B>@>9 C?><8=0;AO 5@<5A "@8A<538AB 8 ;L15@B 5;8:89, 1>38 ;8<?0 8 181;59A:85 ?@>@>:8, 8 =0<5@5==CN =0?KI5==>ABL :>B>@>9 O ?>=O; ;8HL 2?>A;54AB288. >:B>@ >B25G0; 5<C :@0B:> 8 A 4>AB>8=AB2><, 8 70B5<, ?> 7=0:C 3@0D0, ?068 ?@83;0A8;8 =0A ?>A;54>20BL 70 =8<8 2 :><=0BK 4;O ?@85768E, 345 <K <>3;8 1K ?@825AB8 A51O 8 A2>Q ?;0BL5 2 ?>@O4>: ?>A;5 4=52=>3> ?CB8. #65 ?@>E>4O ?> :><=0B0<, O <>3 ?>4<5B8BL B>, 2 GQ< 2?>A;54AB288, ?@8 A2>Q< 4>2>;L=> ?@>4>;68B5;L=>< ?@51K20=88 2 70<:5, <>3 2?>;=5 C1548BLAO, 0 8<5==>, GB> >= A>AB02;O; 1;03>@>4=>5 8A:;NG5=85 87 B5E @KF0@A:8E 3=Q74, :>B>@K5 B5?5@L 2AQ G0I5 8 G0I5 ?@52@0I0NBAO 2 ?@O<K5 @071>9=8GL8 ?@8B>=K. 0: 8725AB=>, 2 =0H5 AC@>2>5 8 B@572>5 2@5<O, :>340 =0 2>9=5 B@51C5BAO =5 AB>;L:> ;8G=0O 4>1;5ABL, A:>;L:> 48AF8?;8=0 A>;40B 40 :>;8G5AB2> ?CH5:, ?8I0;59 8 <CH:5B>2, 8 :>340 2 687=8 3;02=CN @>;L 83@05B =5 ?@>8AE>645=85 >B 7=0B=KE ?@54:>2, => A8;0 45=53, B0: GB> 10=:8@K A?>@OB 2;8O=85< A :>@>;O<8, @KF0@AB2> ?@8H;> 2 :@09=89 C?04>: 8 ?@56=85 ?0;048=K, GB> 1K =8 3>2>@8; 2 8E 70I8BC #;L@8E D>= CBB5=, A>AB02;ONB A0<K9 >BAB0;K9 :@C3 2 A>2@5<5==>< >1I5AB25. 564C B5< 2 70<:5 3@0D0 D>= 5;;5= =0 :064>< H03C 2845;8AL A;54K E>@>H53> 2:CA0 8 ?@>A25I5=8O, 0 3;02=>5, CB>=GQ==>9 687=8, 8 OA=> 1K;>, GB> E>7O8= 70<:0 E>G5B 84B8 2 C@>25=L A =0H8< 25:><, > :>B>@>< B>B 65 CBB5= 2>A:;8:=C;: "0: @04>AB=> 68BL 2 B0:>5 2@5<O!" 7OI=0O 8B0;LO=A:0O <515;L 2 =5:>B>@KE :><=0B0E, :0@B8=K, 2 :>B>@KE <>6=> 1K;> C3040BL CG5=8:>2 A;02=>3> :>;>@8AB0 0B25O @N=520;L40, ;8BK5 AB0BC8 GCBL ;8 =5 A0<>3> 5B5@0 $8H5@0 8 <=>3> 4@C38E <5;:8E ?>4@>1=>AB8 :070;8AL A2568<8 C7>@0<8 =0 ?KH=>9 B:0=8 AB0@8==>9 >1AB0=>2:8, 2@5<Q= ?>E>4>2 2 0;5AB8=C, BO6Q;>9, => =5 ;8HQ==>9 25;8G8O. 0:>=5F, 2 >B254Q==KE =0< :><=0B0E =0H;8 <K 2A5 A0<K5 87KA:0==K5 A@54AB20 4;O BC0;5B0, 4CE8, ?@8B8@0=8O, 3@51=8, IQB:8, ?>4?8;:8 4;O =>3B59, A;>2=> 1K <K 1K;8 ?C1;8G=K<8 65=I8=0<8 8;8 @8<A:8<8 :C@B870=0<8. #<K20OAL 0@><0B8G5A:>9 2>4>9 8 ?5@5<5=OO, A ?><>ILN A;C38, A2>9 4>@>6=K9 :0DB0= =0 ?@54;>65==K9 3@0D>< 87 A8=53> HQ;:0, O, =5 157 ?>ABK4=>3> BI5A;028O, GC2AB2>20; A51O ?>;LIQ==K<, GB> 2 B0:>< <5AB5 ?@8=OB :0: ?>GQB=K9 3>ABL, 701K20O, GB> O 1K; ?@83;0HQ= ;8HL :0: A;CG09=K9 A?CB=8: 4>:B>@0 $0CAB0. -B> ?CAB>5 A0<>4>2>;LAB2> 5IQ =5 ?>:8=C;> <5=O, :>340 =0A ?@>25;8 2=87, 2 AB>;>2CN :><=0BC, 345 1K; =0:@KB >1H8@=K9 AB>;, CAB02;5==K9, :0: ;>B>: @07=>AG8:0 B>20@0<8, 2A52>7<>6=K<8 :CH0=LO<8 8 28=0<8, 8 345 A>1@0;>AL 2AQ =0A5;5=85 70<:0, A 3@0D>< 8 53> AC?@C3>9, 3@0D8=59 C87>9, 65=I8=>9 =0 284 :0702H59AO AB0@H5 A2>53> <C60, => ?@54AB028B5;L=>9 8 45@602H59 A51O A 8AB8==K< 25;8G85<.  >1H8@=>9 70;5, :>B>@0O, :>=5G=>, A;C68;0 ?@5645 A5=L>@C 4;O ?@8Q<0 20AA0;>2, C:@0H5==>9 ?> AB5=0< 682>?8ALN =0 B5<C 87 "@>O=A:>9 2>9=K 8 O@:> >A25IQ==>9 D0:5;0<8 8 2>A:>2K<8 A25G0<8, A@548 =51>;LH>9 B>;?K 87OI=KE :020;5@>2, H5;5AB52H8E HQ;:>< 8 0B;0A><, 2 H;O?0E A> AB@0CA>2K<8 ?5@LO<8, 8 40<, 1;8AB02H8E 7>;>BK<8 C1>@0<8, :@C6520<8 8 =5>1K:=>25==> @>7>2>9 :>659, -- O =0 <8=CBC ?>GC2AB2>20; A51O -- :0: G5;>25: <5;>G5=! -- GCBL =5 AG0AB;82K<. > >G5=L A:>@> 640;> <5=O A?@0254;82>5 @07>G0@>20=85. >-?5@2KE, O 4>;65= 1K; C1548BLAO, GB> ;8G=> =0 <5=O =8:B> =5 A:;>=5= 1K; >1@0I0BL 2=8<0=85, 0 O, 2AQ 65 1>;55 ?@82KG=K9 : 687=8 ?>E>4=>9 8;8 : B8E8< 15A540< A 3;07C =0 3;07, A0< =5 C<5; 2B8A=CBLAO 2 >1I55 >682;5=85. >-2B>@KE, O =5 <>3 =5 @0A?>7=0BL, GB> ?@8 2A5E 87JO2;5=8OE ?>GB5=8O, :0:85 @0AB>G0;8 8 3@0D 8 53> ?@81;86Q==K5 4>:B>@C $0CABC, 1K;0 2 8E >1@0I5=88 A =8<, 8 A> 2A5<8 =0<8, :0:0O-B> 4>;O =0A<5H:8. >304:0 2>7=8:;0 C <5=O 2 4CH5, GB> <K 1K;8 ?@83;0H5=K 3@0D>< ;8HL :0: @54:>AB=K5 HCBK, :>B>@K<8 <>6=> ?>701028BLAO 2 25A5==85 A:CG=K5 =545;8, -- MB><C AB515;L:C ?>4>7@5=8O AC645=> 1K;> >:@5?=CBL 2 F5;>5 45@52F>. >340 <K @07<5AB8;8AL 70 AB>;><, O ?>?0; =0 A0<K9 :>=5F 53>, 345 A845;8 :0?5;;0= 70<:0 8 :0:>9-B> <>;G0;82K9 3>A?>48= 2 10@E0B=>< :0DB0=5, 1>;LH5 70=OBK5 :C1:0<8, G5< <=>9, -- 8 MB> 40;> <=5 2>7<>6=>ABL 15A?@5?OBAB25==> 45;0BL A2>8 =01;N45=8O. / 2845;, GB> 2=8<0=85 2A53> >1I5AB20 A>A@54>B>G5=> =0 4>:B>@5 $0CAB5, :>B>@>3> ?>A048;8 @O4>< A 3@0D8=59; : =5<C 15A?@5AB0==> >1@0I0;AO 3@0D, B> C3>I0O 53>, B> @0AAK?0O ?5@54 =8< :><?;8<5=BK 53> CGQ=>AB8, B> 704020O 5<C @07=K5, 1C4B> 1K >G5=L A5@LQ7=K5, 2>?@>AK; :>340 $0CAB =0G8=0; 3>2>@8BL, 3@0D 45;0; 7=0:, ?@87K20O 2A5E : <>;G0=8N, A;>2=> 3>B>2OAL :064K9 @07 CA;KH0BL >B:@>25=8O <C4@>AB8. > 8 MB> 2A5>1I55 2=8<0=85, 8 @8B>@8G5A:85 ?>E20;K 3@0D0, 8 >A>15==> <=8<>CGQ=K5 7040G8, AB028<K5 4>:B>@C, 2AQ A8;L=> >B7K20;>AL ?0@>4859 8 A0B8@>9, 8 O 4065 ?>4<5B8; 420 8;8 B@8 @070 4C@=> A:@KBK9 A<5E =5:>B>@KE 87 ?@8ACBAB2CNI8E, 4>:0702H89 <=5, GB> 2 703>2>@5 CG0AB2>20;> 2AQ >1I5AB2>. >340 O C1548;AO, GB> <>Q >B:@KB85 A?@0254;82>, ?>GC2AB2>20; O ABK4 ?@54 A0<8< A>1>9 8 >184C 70 4>:B>@0, 8 4065 3>B>2 1K; =5<54;5==> 2AB0BL 8, A:0702 :0:85-=81C4L @57:85 A;>20, C40;8BLAO 87 70<:0, => C45@60;0 <5=O <KA;L, GB> A45;0BL MB> ?5@2><C A;54>20;> 1K =5 <=5, 0 <>8< A?CB=8:0<. ?@>G5<, 4>:B>@ $0CAB, :0: :065BAO, @0=LH5 <5=O C3040; A2>Q ?>;>65=85, ?>B><C GB> >=, 5IQ =5402=> >B:@K202H89 B0: >E>B=> ?5@54> <=>9, A;CG09=K< ?>?CBG8:><, A>:@>28I0 A2>53> C<0, A45;0;AO 24@C3 =0 A;>20 A:C?, :0: 35@>9 0:F8O ;02B0. A5 3>@OG85 ?@825BAB28O 3@0D0 ?>BCE0;8 2 53> E>;>4=>9 256;82>AB8, 8 ?> 1>;LH59 G0AB8 >= C:;>=O;AO >B >B25B>2 =0 B5 ;C:02K5 2>?@>AK, :>B>@K5 565<8=CB=> >1@0I0;8 : =5<C ?@8ACBAB2CNI85, :0: : >@0:C;C. 0B> 5D8AB>D5;5A, =5 A<CI05<K9 =8G5<, >E>B=> ?5@5E20BK20; MB8 2>?@>AK =0 ;5BC, :0: <OG8, 8 1@>A0; >B25B=K5 AB@5;K, 8=>340 ?>?0402H85 2 A0<K9 3;07 ;8F5<5@=K< 2>?@>H0B5;O<. "0:, A 284>< 25AL<0 A5@LQ7=K<, <>;>4>9 :C75= 3@0D0, @KF0@L  >15@B, >1@0B8;AO : $0CABC A B0:>9 @5GLN: -- / E>B5; @0AA?@>A8BL 20A, CGQ=59H89 4>:B>@, > A@54AB20E 45;0BL A51O =52848<K<. 5:>B>@K5 C25@ONB, GB> 4;O MB>3> 4>AB0B>G=> =>A8BL ?>4 <KH:>9 ?@02>9 @C:8 ;04>=:C A A5@4F0<8 ;5BCG59 <KH8, GQ@=>9 :C@8FK 8 ;O3CH:8. > 1>;LH8=AB2> 45;02H8E >?KB CB25@6405B, GB> MB>B ?@8Q< C40QBAO ?;>E>. @C385 ?@54;030NB A?>A>1 3>@074> 1>;55 A;>6=K9. 04> 2 A@54C, 4> 2>AE>40 A>;=F0, 27OBL <Q@B2CN 3>;>2C 8, ?>;>682 2 5Q 3;070, CH8, =>74@8 8 @>B ?> GQ@=><C 1>1C, A45;0BL =0 =59 7=0: B@5C3>;L=8:0 8 ?>E>@>=8BL 5Q, 0 70B5< 2 B5G5=85 2>AL<8 4=59 ?@8E>48BL 8 ?>;820BL <>38;C; =0 2>AL<>9 45=L ?@54AB0=5B 45<>= 8 A?@>A8B 20A, GB> 2K 45;05B5; 2K >B25B8B5: "/ ?>;820N <>9 F25B>:"; 45<>= ?>?@>A8B C 20A ;59:C, ?@>BO3820O : 20< @C:C; 5A;8 =0 @C:5 1C45B B0:>9 65 7=0:, :0:>9 2K A45;0;8 =0 <Q@B2>9 3>;>25, 2K ;59:C >B4048B5, 8 45<>= A0< ?>;LQB =0A0645=85; =0 452OBK9 45=L 2K@0AB5B 1>1, 8 4>2>;L=> 1C45B 27OBL >4=> 53> 75@=> 2 @>B, GB>1K AB0BL =52848<K<. > MB>B A?>A>1 A;8H:>< A;>65=. "@5BL8, =0:>=5F, CB25@640NB, GB> 1K;> B>;L:> 548=AB25==>5 A@54AB2> 45;0BLAO =52848<K<: MB> -- :>;LF> 835A0, > :>B>@>< @0AA:07K20NB ;0B>= 8 &8F5@>=, => >=> 1572>72@0B=> ?>B5@O=>. 420 @KF0@L :>=G8; 3>2>@8BL, :0: 5D8AB>D5;5A 2>A:;8:=C;: -- =5, <8;>AB82K9 @KF0@L, 8725AB5= 1>;55 ?@>AB>9 A?>A>1 A45;0BLAO =52848<K<!  07C<55BAO, ?@8 MB8E A;>20E 2A5 27>@K CAB@5<8;8AL =0 5D8AB>D5;O, :0: 5A;8 1K >= 1K; -=59, 3>B>2K9 @0AA:07K20BL :0@D035=O=0< > ?045=88 ;8>=0, => A@548 2A5>1I53> <>;G0=8O >= ?@>87=QA: -- 'B>1K AB0BL =52848<K<, 4>AB0B>G=> A:@KBLAO 70 ?@54<5B>< =5?@>7@0G=K<, =0?@8<5@, 70 AB5=>9. AB@>B0 5D8AB>D5;O 2K720;0 2A5>1I55 @07>G0@>20=85. 4=0:>, A?CABO =5<=>3> 2@5<5=8, A5=5H0; 70<:0 >1@0B8;AO : 4>:B>@C A B0:8< 2>?@>A><: -- K, 2KA>:>GB8<K9 4>:B>@, <=>3> ?CB5H5AB2>20;8. 7JOA=8B5 65 =0<, ?@0240 ;8, GB> ?@0E B>9 >A;8FK, =0 :>B>@>9 8ACA %@8AB>A A>25@H8; A2>9 2J574 2 5@CA0;8<, ?>:>8BAO 2 3>@>45 5@>=5?  GB> 4@C30O >A;8F0, =0 :>B>@>9 :>340-B> 5E0; ?@>@>: 0;00<, 6820 ?>=K=5 8 A>E@0=O5BAO 2 B09=>< <5AB5 2 0;5AB8=5, GB>1K ?@8257B8 A =510 ;8N 2 45=L 2B>@>3> ?@8H5AB28O? ?OBL >B25B 27O; =0 A51O 5D8AB>D5;5A, :>B>@K9 A:070;: -- K, ;N157=K9 3>A?>48=, =5 ?@>25@O;8 D0:B>2, > :>B>@KE 2K 3>2>@8B5, => ?>G5<C 1K 0;00<>2>9 >A;8F5 8 =5 1KBL 15AA<5@B=>9, 5A;8 A@548 ;N459 2 B5G5=85 BKAOG5;5B89 =5 ?5@52>4OBAO >A;K? -B0 HCB:0 8<5;0 =5<0;K9 CA?5E A@548 A>15A54=8:>2, => 2AQ =>2K5 8 =>2K5 2>?@>AK >1@0I0;8AL A> 2A5E :>=F>2 AB>;0 : 4>:B>@C $0CABC, ?@8GQ<, ?> <5@5 B>3> :0: ?8@H5AB2> @073>@0;>AL 8 2A5 ?LO=5;8, 2>?@>AK MB8 AB0=>28;8AL 2AQ 1>;55 8 1>;55 45@7:8<8, ?> 2@5<5=0< 1;87:> A>?@8:0A0OAL A >A:>@1;5=85<. <5AB5 A B5< A> A2>53> AB>@>652>3> ?>AB0 O <>3 =01;N40BL, :0: >E<5;52H85 :020;5@K =0G8=0;8 45@60BL A51O 1>;55 @072O7=>, =565;8 B> ?>4>10;>, :0: >4=8 B09:>< ?>68<0;8 @C:8 8 3@C48 A2>8< A>A54:0<, 0 4@C385, >BO3GQ==K5 28=><, =570<5B=> @0AABQ3820;8 B5A=82H85 8E ?C3>28FK. ">340 3@0D, :>B>@K9 25AL 25G5@ 45@60; A51O A 1>;LH>9 ;>2:>ABLN, ?@5@20; =0G8=02HCNAO >@38N B0:>9 @5GLN: -- =5 :065BAO, 4@C7LO, GB> ?>@0 40BL >B4KE =0H8< 3>ABO<. K >B40;8 G5ABL 8 0ECAC, 8 ><C, 8 8=5@25; 2@5<O A>25@H8BL 2>7;8O=85 >@D5N. >1;03>40@8< =0H8E A>15A54=8:>2 70 2A5 8E <C4@K5 @07JOA=5=8O 8 ?>65;05< 8< 4>1@KE A>25B>2 1>30 $0=B070. /A=K9 8 C25@5==K9 3>;>A A5=L>@0 A@07C 70AB028; 2A5E ?@8ACBAB2CNI8E >2;045BL A>1>N, 8, 2AB02 87-70 AB>;0, 2A5 AB0;8 ?@>I0BLAO A =0<8, >?OBL ?@>O2;OO 25;8G09HCN >1E>48B5;L=>ABL. K B@>5 ?>:;>=8;8AL 3@0DC 8 3@0D8=5, 1;03>40@O 8E 70 C3>I5=85, 8 ?068 >B25;8 =0A 2 =0H8 :><=0BK, 345 C65 1K;8 ?@83>B>2;5=K 4;O =0A 2A5 C4>1AB20: <=>385 ?>AB5;8, =>G=K5 :0DB0=K, BCD;8, 3>;>2=K5 :>;?0:8 8 4065 =>G=K5 3>@H:8. 54>AB020;> B>;L:>, GB>1K 2 A2>59 CA;C6;82>AB8 ;N157=K9 3@0D ?@54;>68; A2>8< 3>ABO< ?> 65=I8=5 ;Q3:>3> ?>2545=8O, :0: =5:>340 68B5;8 3>@>40 #;L<0 8<?5@0B>@C !8387<C=4C 8 53> A28B5. 'B> 4> <5=O, B>, 70AK?0O 2 :><=0B5, 345, <>65B 1KBL, >B4KE0; :0:>9-=81C4L A?>4286=8: >BD@840 C;L>=A:>3>, O 40; A515 >15I0=85, GB> 702B@0 ?>CB@C ?>:8=C MB>B 70<>:, E>BO 1K 8 157 A2>8E A?CB=8:>2. 4=0:> ?>@5H8; O MB>, :0: 3>2>@8BAO, 157 A>872>;5=8O >68O, 8 2KH;> 2AQ ?>-8=><C, 81> AC4L10, ?@8254H0O <5=O : 3@0DC 40;L15@BC, 8<5;0 F5;8 3>@074> 1>;55 40;Q:85, =565;8 B>;L:> -- ?>:070BL <=5 ?8@ 7=0B=KE ?>25A. II > A2>5<C >1K:=>25=8N, ?@>A=C;AO O =0 4@C3>9 45=L >G5=L @0=> 8, =5 65;0O B@52>68BL =8:>3>, B8E> A?CAB8;AO 2=87 8 2KH5; =0 10;:>=, @>4 8B0;LO=A:>9 ;>4688, :0:>9 =5@54:> <>6=> 2845BL 2 =0H8E AB0@KE @KF0@A:8E 70<:0E. "0<, ?@8A;>=OAL : :>;>==5, 24KE0O A2565ABL <0@B>2A:>3> CB@0 8 >B4KE0O 27>@>< =0 :@0A82>9 40;8 ?>;59, =52>;L=> 704C<0;AO O =04 A2>59 AC4L1>9, 8 2A5 3>@5AB=K5 4C<K, ?@>@202 ?;>B8=C A>7=0=8O, 70B>?8;8 <>N 4CHC. =5 ?@54AB028;0AL  5=0B0, :>B>@0O 345-B> 2 =57=0:><>< <=5 3>@>45 ?@>2>48B G0AK =>2>9 @04>AB8 A :5<-B> 4@C38<, 0 =5 A> <=>9; 8;8, <>65B 1KBL, =0?@>B82, B>A:C5B >1> <=5, @0A:0820OAL 2 A2>Q< ?>1535, => ;8H5=0 2AO:>9 2>7<>6=>AB8 >BKA:0BL <5=O 8 >BB>@3=CB0 >B <5=O =02A5340; 8;8, 5IQ, 1>;L=0O, 2 A2>Q< ?@82KG=>< >BG0O=L8, >:@C6Q==0O GC68<8, 3@C1K<8 ;N4L<8, =0A<5E0NI8<8AO =04 5Q AB@040=8O<8 8 5Q AB@0==K<8 @5G0<8, -- 8 =8:B> =5 ?>4>94QB : =59, :0: O, GB>1K ;0A:>2K< A;>2>< 8;8 =56=K< ?@8:>A=>25=85< >1;53G8BL 5Q B><;5=8O...  =>2K9 ?@8ABC? AB0@>9 A:>@18 >2;045; <=>N A B0:>9 65AB>:>ABLN, GB> O =5 <>3 >4>;5BL A51O 8, ?>=8:=C2 =0 :0<5==K9 ?0@0?5B ;8F><, 40; 2>;N A;570<, 15AA8;L=K< 8 =5 7=0NI8< C45@6C. >340 B0: ?;0:0; O, AG8B0O A51O 2 >48=>G5AB25, =0 10;:>=5 70<:0 D>= 5;;5=, <>53> ?;5G0 24@C3 :>A=C;0AL @C:0, 8 O, ?>4=O2 3>;>2C, C2845;, GB> :> <=5 ?>4>HQ; A0< 3@0D. %>BO 8 1K; >= <5=O <>;>65, =>, A :0:>9-B> >B5G5A:>9 701>B;82>ABLN, >= >1=O; <5=O 70 AB0= 8 ?>2Q; ?> 30;5@55, >AB>@>6=> 8 4@C65A:8 A?@0H820O, 2 GQ< <>Q 3>@5, >1865= ;8 O :5<-;81> 87 53> ;N459 8;8 C <5=O =5C40G8 2 ;8G=>9 687=8. !<CIQ==K9 8 ?@8ABK65==K9, O ?>1>@>; A2>Q 2>;=5=85 8 >B25B8; 3@0DC, GB> A:>@1L <>O ?@82575=0 <=>N 2<5AB5 A ?>:;0659 8 GB> O =5 <>3C 60;>20BLAO =8 =0 GB> 2 70<:5. @0D, >4=0:>, =5 E>B5; <5=O >AB028BL, 8 <K ?@>4>;60;8 @073>2>@, 3C;OO 2704 8 2?5@Q4 ?> 10;:>=C. A:>@5 O 4>;65= 1K; >1JOA=8BL, GB> =5 ?@8=04;56C : A28B5 4>:B>@0 $0CAB0, => ?>7=0:><8;AO A =8< ;8HL B@8 4=O =0704, 8 MB> >G5=L @0A?>;>68;> 3@0D0 2 <>N ?>;L7C.  B> 65 2@5<O @5G8 3@0D0, 2 :>B>@KE, <>65B 1KBL, A 87;8H=59, O 1K A:070; <5@:C@80;L=>9, 682>ABLN ?5@5;820;>AL E>@>H55 >1@07>20=85, 8< ?>;CG5==>5, 70AB028;8 <5=O 701KBL > 53> 2G5@0H=5< CG0AB88 2 =0A<5H:0E =04 =0<8 8 ?>72>;8;8 <=5 >B=5AB8AL : =5<C A 4>25@85<.  :>340, A;>2> 70 A;>2><, >1JOA=8;>AL, GB> C =0A A =8< 5ABL >1I85 ;N18<FK 2 <8@5 02B>@>2 8 :=83, 8 >= =5<54;O ?@54;>68; <=5 ?>:070BL A2>N 181;8>B5:C, O =5 =0HQ; =8 ?@8G8=, =8 ?>2>4>2, GB>1K >B:070BLAO.  :018=5B5 3@0D0 O >?OBL C25@8;AO, GB> ?5@2>=0G0;L=>5 <>Q =01;N45=85 1K;> A?@0254;82> 8 GB> 3@0D ?@8=04;568B : ;CGH8< ;N4O< A2>53> A>A;>28O, B0: :0: 53> A>1@0=8O A45;0;8 1K G5ABL ;N1><C CGQ=><C. = ?@>2Q; <5=O ?5@54 F5;K<8 @O40<8 ?>;>: A :=830<8, ?>:07K20; <=5 F5==K5 ?5@5?;QBK 87 ?5@30<5=B0, 45@520, :>68, :@0A=>9, 75;Q=>9, GQ@=>9, 8 @07=K5 @54:>AB=K5 8740=8O, 2KH54H85 87-?>4 ;CGH8E AB0=:>2, 8 ;N1>2=> A>1@0==K5 8< ?CB52>4=K5 25E8 =0H53> 2@5<5=8, :0: "Epistolae obscurorum virorum", "Laus Stultitiae", "Oestrum", :>B>@KE 2AB@5G0; O, :0: 4>1@KE 4@C759, A :>8<8 402=> =5 2845;AO. >B>< 3@0D ?>:070; <=5 @07=K5 =0CG=K5 ?@81>@K, :>B>@KE 1K;> C =53> <=>65AB2>: 3;>1CAK, 75<=K5 8 =515A=K5, 0AB@>;O188, 0@<8;;K, B>@:25BK 8 5IQ :0:85-B> <=5 =5254><K5, 8 BCB 65 @0AA:070; <=5 A<5;CN ?>@078B5;L=CN B5>@8N 8:>;0O >?5@=8:0 87 $@0CM=1C@30 > CAB@>9AB25 =510, :>B>@CN B>340 O A;KH0; 2?5@2K5, ?>B><C GB> 4> A8E ?>@ A>G8=5=8O MB>3> 0AB@>=><0 =5 8740=K. 0:>=5F, 3@0D @0A:@K; ?5@54> <=>N A2>8 OI8:8 8 2K=C; 87 =8E @C:>?8A=K5 :>45:AK ;0B8=A:8E ?8A0B5;59, 4>1KBK5 8< 2 A>A54=8E <>=0ABK@OE, A>1@0=85 ?@5:@0A=KE 4@52=8E 35<<, 2K2575==>5 8< 87 53> ?CB5H5AB28O ?> B0;88, 8, =0:>=5F, 2 >A>1>< ;0@F5, ?0G:C ?8A5< 7=0<5=8B>3> #;L@8E0 &078O, A :>B>@K< >= 1K; 2 ;8G=>9 ?5@5?8A:5. 53:> 1K;> ?>4<5B8BL, GB> 3@0D ?>:07K205B A2>Q A>1@0=85 =5 157 45BA:>3> E20AB>2AB20, => 2AQ 65 53> ;N1>2L : =0C:0< 8 8A:CAAB20< A>25@H5==> ?@8<8@8;0 <5=O A =8<, 8 O, 65;0O A45;0BL 5<C ?@8OB=>5, A:070;, GB> 53> 1>30BAB20< ?>70284>20; 1K A0< 0B8:0=. :>=G0B5;L=> 2>AE8IQ==K9 <>59 ;5ABLN, 3@0D CA048; <5=O ?@>B82 A51O 8 A:070; <=5 B0:: -- / 1>;55 =5 <>3C 20A AG8B0BL GC68<, ?>B><C GB> 2K ?@8=04;568B5 : G8A;C B5E 65 =>2KE ;N459, :0: O A0<, 8, -- :;O=CAL 8?5@8>=><! -- <=5 1K;> 1K ABK4=> 20A >1<0=K20BL. >MB><C O 4>;65= ?@>A8BL 20A ?@5645 2A53> >B:@>25==> A:070BL <=5, GB> 2K 4C<05B5 > 4>:B>@5 $0CAB5. / >B25B8;, GB> AG8B0N $0CAB0 G5;>25:>< AB0@>3> A:;040, => G@572KG09=> CGQ=K< 8 C<=K<, 8 =5 C45@60;AO, GB>1K =5 ?@81028BL, GB> $0CAB 4>AB>8= 1>;LH53> 2=8<0=8O, =565;8 B>, :>B>@>5 ?@>O2;ONB : =5<C 2 70<:5. ">340 3@0D A:070; <=5 A;54CNI55: --  7=05B5 ;8 2K, :0:85 E>4OB A;CE8 > $0CAB5 8 53> ?@8OB5;5?  0AA:07K20NB, GB> MB>B 5D8AB>D5;5A =5 :B> 8=>9, :0: 4LO2>;, :>B>@K9 >1O70= A;C68BL 4>:B>@C 4204F0BL G5BK@5 3>40 A B5<, GB>1K 70?>;CG8BL ?>B>< 2 A2>N 2;0ABL 53> 4CHC. /, @07C<55BAO, =5 25@N B0:><C 274>@C, :0: =5 25@N 2>>1I5 2 ?0:BK A 45<>=0<8, 8 4C<0N, GB> 4LO2>; 70:;NG8; 1K ?;>ECN A45;:C, ?>;CG82 2 ?;0BQ6 70 @50;L=K5 CA;C38 -- 4CHC. =5 :065BAO, GB> 45;> <=>3> ?@>I5 8 GB> 20H8 A?CB=8:8, 0 <>8 3>AB8 -- ?@>AB> H0@;0B0=K, :>B>@K5 ?>;L7CNBAO =5 A8;0<8 040, => ?@8Q<0<8 ;>2:8E <>H5==8:>2. =8 574OB 87 70<:0 2 70<>:, 87 3>@>40 2 3>@>4, 25745 2K4020O A51O 70 G0@>4552 8 ?>:07K20O D>:CAK, 0 270<5= A>18@0O 45=L38, ?>72>;ONI85 8< 68BL 157154=>. -B8 A;>20 :@09=5 A<CB8;8 <5=O, ?>B><C GB> 4> B>3> 2@5<5=8 O AG8B0; 4>:B>@0 $0CAB0 G5;>25:>< 2?>;=5 1;03>@>4=K<, 8 O =0G0; 70I8I0BL 53> A> 2A5< 60@><, B0: GB> <564C =0<8 ?@>87>HQ; 4065 4>2>;L=> C?>@=K9 A?>@.  :>=F5 :>=F>2 3@0D C65 ?@O<> ?@87=0;AO <=5, GB> ?@83;0A8; : A515 ?@>57602H53> <8<> 4>:B>@0 $0CAB0 A 548=AB25==>9 F5;LN 87>1;8G8BL 53> ?@>45;:8 8 2K25AB8 53> =0 G8ABCN 2>4C, BCB 65 ?@54;>682 <=5 ?@8=OBL CG0AB85 2 >1I5< 703>2>@5 8 ?><>GL 5<C 2 B0:>< 45;5. "0: >:070;AO O 2=570?=> ?5@54 B@C4=K< 2K1>@><, :0: 5@:C;5A =0 @0A?CBL5, A B>N B>;L:> @07=8F59, GB> <5=55 1K;> 4;O <5=O OA=>, =0 :0:>9 AB>@>=5 >1@>45B5;L 8 =0 :0:>9 >@>:, 81> 8 >1@07 3@0D0 87 =0H59 15A54K 2KABC?8; 4;O <5=O :@09=5 ?@82;5:0B5;L=K<, 8 > 4>:B>@5 $0CAB5 CA?5; O A>AB028BL AC645=85 A0<>5 ;5AB=>5. 5:>B>@>5 2@5<O 25AK <>59 4CH8 :>;510;8AL 4>2>;L=> =5>?@545;Q==>, => ?>B>< O =0HQ; B>G:C 8E @02=>25A8O 8 A:070; 3@0DC: -- 8 2 :0:>< A;CG05 =5 A>3;0HCAL O CG0AB2>20BL 8 703>2>@5 ?@>B82 G5;>25:0, =5 A45;02H53> <=5 =8G53> 4C@=>3> 8 :>B>@>3> AG8B0N 25AL<0 ?@>A25IQ==K<. > 87 C2065=8O : 20<, 3>A?>48= 3@0D, O =5 ?@54?@8<C =8G53> ?@>B82 20H53> ?;0=0 8 >15I0NAL 20<, GB> =5 A:06C =8 A;>20 <>8< A?CB=8:0< >1 MB>< =0H5< @073>2>@5. >340 3@0D <>Q @5H5=85 ?@8=O;, ?>:070;>AL <=5 C65 =5C<5AB=K< 703>2>@8BL > A2>Q< >BJ5745, 8 O ?>AB0=>28; ?@>25AB8 5IQ >48= 45=L 2 70<:5, => A>7=0NAL, GB> 2AB@5B8;AO A 5D8AB>D5;5< 8 $0CAB>< =5 157 A<CI5=8O, :0: 28=>20BK9. , GC2AB2CO A51O =5 ?@8AB02H8< =8 : B><C, =8 : 4@C3><C 15@53C, :0: 1K 2 ?>;5 <564C 42C<O 2@06451=K<8 ;035@O<8, O 5IQ <5=55, =565;8 =0:0=C=5, <>3 ?@>O28BL A51O 25AQ;K< B>20@8I5<, 8 C65 A B>3> 2@5<5=8, 2 70<:5, ?@>A;K; <564C 2A5<8 70 G5;>25:0 G@572KG09=> <@0G=>3> 8 =5;N48<>3>. ?@>G5<, O ?>4<5B8;, GB> 2 40==>< >1I5AB25 <K 2A5340 >AB0Q<AO 2 B>9 A0<>9 <0A:5, 2 :0:>9 A;CG09=> ?>O2;O5<AO B0< ?5@2K9 @07, ?@8GQ< :064><C 87 =0A ?@8E>48BAO 2 @07=KE :@C30E =>A8BL <=>65AB2> A0<KE @07=>>1@07=KE ;8G8=. ">B 2B>@>9 45=L, ?@>254Q==K9 =0<8 2 70<:5, 25AL CHQ; =0 >E>BC, 40==CN 2 G5ABL 3>AB59 3@0D><, => :>B>@CN >?8AK20BL O =5 1C4C, GB>1K =5 1;C640BL A;8H:>< G0AB> 2 A2>Q< @0AA:075 >:>;L=K<8 ?CBO<8. !:06C B>;L:>, GB>, =5A<>B@O =0 @0==55 2@5<O 3>40, >E>BC <>6=> 1K;> AG5ABL 2?>;=5 C402H59AO, B0: :0: >=0 4>AB028;0 =5<0;> 25A5;LO 5Q CG0AB=8:0< 8 1K; 70B@02;5= :010=, 725@L 2 B>9 <5AB=>AB8 @54:89. $0CAB, :0: 8 2G5@0, 1K; ?@54<5B>< 2AOG5A:8E =0?04>:, =0 :>B>@K5 >?OBL >B25G0; 1>;LH5N G0ABLN 5D8AB>D5;5A, ?>@>N <5B:>, ?>@>N 4>2>;L=> 3@C1>, 2KAB0282 A51O B5<, GB> 8A?0=FK =07K20NB chocarrero 8 A=8A:02 =5A><=5==CN 1;03>A:;>==>ABL 40<.  70<>: 25@=C;8AL <K C65 ?>74=>, A B5< 1>4@K< 8 :0: 1K >3=52K< CB><;5=85<, :0:>5 40NB B@C4K =0 >B:@KB>< 2>74CE5, 8 =0A >?OBL 640; I54@K9 C68=, ?@83>B>2;5==K9 2 B>< 65 70;5, 345 2G5@0. 4=0:> =0 MB>B @07 3@0D =5 E>B5; >B:;04K20BL A2>53> 70<KA;0 8, 5420 3>;>4 1K; C4>2;5B2>@Q=, A0< >1@0B8;AO : 4>:B>@C A B0:>9 @5GLN: -- 0< 8725AB=>, C20605<K9 4>:B>@, GB> 2 >1;0AB8 <0388 2K 4>AB83;8 CA?5E>2 1;8AB0B5;L=KE, B0: GB> =5C<5AB=> 4065 @02=OBL A 20<8 :>3>-;81> 87 A>2@5<5==KE <038:>2, =8 4065 8A?0=F0 ">@@0;L1C (40 1C45B <8@ =5AG0AB=>9 4CH5 53>!). 725AB=> =0< B0:65, GB> =0 ?@>AL1K 4@C38E ;8F O28BL A2>Q 8A:CAAB2> 2K =5 >B25G0;8 >B:07><, 8, =0?@8<5@, :=O7N =30;LBA:><C 40;8 2>7<>6=>ABL 2>>G8N C2845BL ;5:A0=4@0 5;8:>3> 0:54>=A:>3> 8 53> AC?@C3C, 20H8<8 70:;8=0=8O<8 2>72@0IQ==KE 87 B5=59 @:0 ?>4 A25B 5;8>A0. "5?5@L 65 2AQ >1I5AB2> ?@8A>548=O5B : <>8< A2>8 ?@>AL1K, C<>;OO 20A ?>:070BL 8 =0< E>BO 1K G0AB8FC 20H53> GC4>459AB25==>3> 8A:CAAB20. / A =0?@O6Q==K< 2=8<0=85< >6840;, GB> 4>:B>@ $0CAB >B25B8B, B0: :0: 2 ?@>AL15 3@0D0 OA=> @07;8G8; ?@C68=K 8 48A:8 70?04=8, 8 <=5 E>B5;>AL, GB>1K 4>:B>@ @57:8<8 A;>20<8 ?@5@20; ;8F5<5@=CN @5GL. >, : <>5<C C482;5=8N, 4>:B>@ $0CAB, 45@602H89AO 4> B>3> 2@5<5=8 G@572KG09=> A45@60==>, B5?5@L >B25B8; B0:, A =5:>B>@K< 2KA>:><5@85<: -- N157=K9 3@0D, 2 1;03>40@=>ABL 70 20H5 3>AB5?@88<AB2> O, ?>60;C9, A>3;0A5= ?>:070BL 20< B> =5<=>3>5, GB> ?>72>;OB <=5 A:@><=K5 <>8 ?>7=0=8O, 8 ?>;030N, GB> :=O7N =30;LBA:><C =5G5< 1C45B E20AB0BLAO ?5@54 20<8. 0: B5?5@L O 8AB>;:>2K20N, $0CAB, >A:>@1;Q==K9 >B=>H5=85< : =5<C 3@0D0 8 53> ?@81;86Q==KE, E>B5; 4>:070BL 8< 2A5<, GB> 459AB28B5;L=> >= >1;0405B A8;0<8, 8< =58725AB=K<8, 8 @048 B0:>3> =5 A>2A5< 4>AB>9=>3> BI5A;028O @5H8;AO C=878BL <038N 4> ?C1;8G=>3> >?KB0. > 2 B>B G0A, ?>4 2;8O=85< ?>4>7@5=89 3@0D0, <=5 ?@54AB028;>AL, GB> 4>:B>@, A>3;0AOAL =0 ?@>AL1C, >1;8G8; A51O, :0: ?@>406=>3> H0@;0B0=0, 81> B>;L:> >=8 >4=8 A?>A>1=K 2 ;N1>9 G0A 8 2 ;N1>< <5AB5 2K7K20BL ?@87@0:8, -- B0: GB> 3>B>2 O 1K; ?>AB028BL 53> =0 >4=C 4>A:C A ?;CB0<8, @07J5760NI8<8 ?> 45@52=O< 4;O @0A?@>4068 @07=KE 0<C;5B>2, F5;51=KE ?;0ABK@59, 2>;H51=KE ?8;N;L, =5@07<5==KE B0;5@>2 8 ?@>G53>. 564C B5< 5D8AB>D5;5A, 2AB02, ?>4>HQ; : $0CABC 8 =0G0; GB>-B> 3>2>@8BL 5<C C1548B5;L=> =0 CE>, => B>B 3=52=> ?>60; ?;5G0<8, :0: 1K 3>2>@O: "O B0: E>GC", 8 5D8AB>D5;5A >B>HQ;, =54>2>;L=K9. "0: :0: 2A5 2 MB> 2@5<O HC<=> ?>4=O;8AL 87-70 AB>;0 8 >:@C68;8 4>:B>@0, 87JO2;OO 5<C 1;03>40@=>ABL 70 @5H5=85, O, 2>A?>;L7>202H8AL >1I8< 42865=85<, ?>:8=C; :><=0BC 8 CHQ; 3C;OBL ?> ?CABK==>9 30;5@55, A5@4OAL =0 A51O, GB> =5 ?@82Q; 2 8A?>;=5=85 A2>53> 2G5@0H=53> @5H5=8O, 8 2>>1I5 GC2AB2CO A2>N 4CHC, :0: @0AAB@>5==CN 28>;C. 4=0:> ;N1>?KBAB2>, 8;8, B>G=55, 60640 8AA;54>20=8O, :>B>@>9 O =5 ABK6CAL =8<0;>, =5 ?>72>;8;> <=5 ?@>25AB8 B>B 25G5@ >B45;L=> >B >1I5AB20, B0: GB> A?CABO ?>;G0A0 2@5<5=8 O 25@=C;AO 2 >1ICN 70;C 8 2AQ-B0:8 1K; A2845B5;5< <038G5A:>3> >?KB0, A>25@HQ==>3> 4>:B>@>< $0CAB><, :>B>@K9 8 >?8HC 745AL, A B5< 65 15A?@8AB@0AB85<, :0: @0=LH5 >?8AK20; 2AQ >AB0;L=>5, AB0@0OAL =5 ?@81028BL =8 >4=>9 G5@BK : B><C, GB> >B?5G0B0;>AL 2 <>59 ?0<OB8.  70;5 AB>; 8 :@5A;0 1K;8 >B>428=CBK 2 C3>;, 0 2AQ >1I5AB2> @0AA5;>AL =0 A:0<LOE, ?>AB02;5==KE ?>?5@Q: :><=0BK, 8, ?5@5HQ?BK20OAL 8 ?5@5A<5820OAL, >6840;> =0G0;> >?KB0, A;>2=> ?@54AB02;5=8O 25AQ;>9 ?0ABC@5;8. ;O 3@0D0 8 3@0D8=8 1K;8 2K428=CBK 2?5@Q4 420 :@5A;0, 5D8AB>D5;5A, AB>O >:>;>, 4020; 8< :0:85-B> >1JOA=5=8O, 0 4>:B>@ $0CAB, >G5=L 1;54=K9, ?>>40;L >B4020; ?>A;54=85 @0A?>@O65=8O A;C30<. / ?><5AB8;AO =0 A0<>< :@0N A:0<L8 2B>@>3> @O40, >B:C40 C4>1=> <=5 1K;> =01;N40BL 70 2A5< ?@>8AE>482H8<. >340 ?@8ACBAB2CNI85 =5A:>;L:> CA?>:>8;8AL, 4>:B>@ $0CAB A:070;: -- 8;>AB82K5 3@0D 8 3@0D8=O, ;N157=K5 40<K 8 A;02=K5 @KF0@8! !59G0A O 70AB02;N O28BLAO ?5@54 20<8 2>>G8N F0@8FC ;5=C, AC?@C3C F0@O 5=5;0O, 4>GL "8=40@0 8 54K, A5AB@C 0AB>@0 8 >;;C:A0, -- BC, :>B>@CN 2 @5F88 720;8 -- ?@5:@0A=59H59. &0@8F0 O28BAO ?5@54 20<8 2 B>< A0<>< 2845 8 >1@075, :0:>9 >=0 8<5;0 ?@8 687=8, 8 >1>94QB 20H8 @O4K, ?>72>;OO 20< A<>B@5BL =0 A51O, 8 >AB0=5BAO 2 20H5< >1I5AB25 >:>;> ?OB8 <8=CB, ?>A;5 G53> 4>;6=0 1C45B 8AG57=CBL A=>20. >:B>@ $0CAB 3>2>@8; MB8 A;>20 B2Q@4>, => <=5 2 53> 3>;>A5 ?>A;KH0;0AL :0:0O-B> =0?@O6Q==>ABL, 8 273;O4 53> 3;07 1K; A;8H:>< >AB@, B0: GB> <>6=> 1K;> ?>4C<0BL, GB> A0< >= =5 >G5=L 25@8B 2 CA?5E ?@54?@8=OB>3> 8< 45;0. > :0: B>;L:> >= :>=G8; 3>2>@8BL, 5D8AB>D5;5A AB@>3> 8 ?@8:070B5;L=> 4>1028;: -- / >G5=L ?@54C?@5640N 20A, <8;>AB82K5 3>A?>40, GB>, ?>:0 O2;5=85 1C45B A@548 =0A, 2K =5 4>;6=K ?@>87=>A8BL =8 A;>20, B5< 1>;55 =5 >1@0I0BLAO : =5<C A @5GLN, =5 4>;6=K 53> :0A0BLAO 8 2>>1I5 2AB020BL A <5AB0, -- 2 MB>< 2K 4>;6=K =0< 40BL >15I0=85. @0D 70 2A5E >B25B8;, GB> >=8 A>3;0A=K =0 B0:85 CA;>28O, 8 B>340 5D8AB>D5;5A @0A?>@O48;AO ?>30A8BL 2A5 D0:5;K 8 A25G8, 1K2H85 2 :><=0B5, :@><5 >4=>9 >B40;Q==>9 A25G8, B0: GB> =0AB0;0 ?>GB8 ?>;=0O B5<=>B0. >=5<=>3C 2 6CB:>AB8 MB>3> <@0:0 8 2 2>;=5=88 >6840=8O AB0;8 AB8E0BL 5IQ @0740202H85AO ?>@>9 HQ?>BK 8 H5;5ABK ?;0BL52, 8 2AQ >1I5AB2>, :0: 1K 2 GQ@=CN 3;C18=C, >?CAB8;>AL 2 <>;G0=85. IQ ?>A;5, 2 @07=KE C3;0E :><=0BK, 24@C3 ?>A;KH0;8AL B5 A0<K5 ?>B@5A:820=8O 8 ?>ABC:820=8O, :>B>@K5 <=5 C65 4>2>48;>AL A;KH0BL A  5=0B>N 8 :>B>@K5 <>Q A5@4F5 2AB@5B8;> B>A:;82K< 185=85<. >B>< <54;5==> ?>?;K;8 G5@57 2AN :><=0BC A25BOI85AO 72Q74K, 8AG570O 2=570?=>, 8, =5A<>B@O =0 B> GB> B>340 O C6 =5 1K; =>28G:>< 2 O2;5=8OE <038G5A:8E, =52>;L=0O 4@>6L >2;045;0 <=>N. 0:>=5F, 2 >B40;Q==>< C3;C 15;5A>20B>5 >1;0:> >B45;8;>AL >B ?>;C 8, 7K1;OAL 8 :>;KE0OAL, AB0;> ?>4K<0BLAO, @0AB8 8 2KBO3820BLAO, ?@8=8<0O D>@<C G5;>25G5A:>9 D83C@K. !?CABO =5A:>;L:> <3=>25=89 ?@>ABC?8;> 87 >1;0:0 ;8F>, ?@O48 BC<0=0 A;>68;8AL 2 A:;04:8 >4564K, 8 A;>2=> 6820O 65=I8=0 ?>?;K;0 : =0<, A<CB=> 2848<0O 2 3;C1>:>< AC<@0:5 :><=0BK. !=0G0;0 ?@87@0: ?@81;878;AO : 3@0DC 8 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O, :>;51;OAL, AB>O; ?5@54 =8< =5?>4286=>; ?>B>< AB>;L 65 <54;5==>, :0: ?> 2>74CEC, 428=C;AO 2;52> 8 AB0; ?@81;860BLAO :> <=5. , :0: =8 1K; O ?>B@OAQ= 7@5;8I5<, >4=0:> =5 701K; A>1@0BL 2AQ A2>Q 2=8<0=85, GB>1K @0AA<>B@5BL 2845=85 2> 2A5E ?>4@>1=>ABOE. ;5=0, A:>;L:> O <>3 70?><=8BL, 1K;0 =5 2KA>:0 @>AB>< 8 >45B0 2 <0=B8N BQ<=>-?C@?C@=CN, 2 B>< @>45, :0:85 87>1@060; EC4>6=8: =4@50 0=B5=LO; 2>;>AK 5Q, F25B0 7>;>B8AB>3>, 1K;8 @0A?CI5=K 8 AB>;L 4;8==K, GB> ?040;8 59 4> A0<KE :>;5=; 1K;8 C =5Q GQ@=K5 :0: C3>;L 3;070, >G5=L O@:85 3C1K <0;5=L:>3> @B0, 15;0O, 87381G820O, :0: C ;5154O, H5O, 8 25AL >1;8: 2>2A5 =5 F0@AB25==K9, => ?;5=8B5;L=K9 4> :@09=>AB8. 8<> <5=O >=0 ?@>A:>;L7=C;0 G@572KG09=> 1KAB@> 8, ?@>4>;60O A2>9 ?CBL A@548 7@8B5;59, ?@81;878;0AL : 4>:B>@C $0CABC, :>B>@K9, =0A:>;L:> B> <>6=> 1K;> @0AA<>B@5BL 2 ?>;C<@0:5, 2 25;8G09H5< 2>;=5=88 1@>A8;AO 2?5@Q4 8 ?@>ABQ@ @C:8 : ?@87@0:C. -B> 42865=85 <5=O ?>@078;> >G5=L, B0: :0: 4020;> 70:;NG8BL, GB> 4;O A0<>3> $0CAB0 O2;5=85 1K;> =5>6840==>ABLN. > O =5 CA?5; 5IQ >1AC48BL 2?>;=5 MB> A>>1@065=85, :>340 24@C3 ?@>87>H;> =5GB> B0:>5, GB> A@07C ?@5@20;> =0H >?KB, =0G02H89AO B0: 70<0=G82>.  8<5==>, :>340 ;5=0, >BAB@0=OOAL >B 4>:B>@0, ?@81;878;0AL : :C75=C 3@0D0, A8452H5<C =0 ;52>< :>=F5 2B>@>3> @O40, >= 2=570?=> 2A:>G8;, >B206=> AE20B8; ?@87@0: 2 A2>8 @C:8 8 3@><:8< 3>;>A>< :@8:=C;: "3=O!" $0CAB 2 BC 65 <8=CBC CAB@5<8;AO : =5<C A 2>A:;8F0=85< 3>@O 8 =53>4>20=8O, 2A5 B>65 AB@5<8B5;L=> ?>4=O;8AL A <5AB, 0 A;C38, 70@0=55 : B><C ?>43>B>2;5==K5, 2KE20B8;8 D0:5;K, :>B>@K5 4> B>3> 2@5<5=8 C:@K20;8 345-B>, 8 2AO 70;0 >70@8;0AL 8E 65;B>20BK< A25B><. 5:>B>@>5 2@5<O 2 AC<0B>E5 =8G53> =5;L7O 1K;> @07;8G8BL, A;>2=> 1K 745AL <564C 87OI=K<8 3>ABO<8 ?@>87>H;0 1>520O AE20B:0, => @5H8B5;L=>5 2<5H0B5;LAB2> 3@0D0 A:>@> 70AB028;> 2A5E CA?>:>8BLAO. K C2845;8 @KF0@O  >15@B0, 2 @C:0E :>B>@>3> 1K; HQ;:>2K9 ;>A:CB BQ<=>-?C@?C@>2>9 <0B5@88 8 :>B>@K9 C?@O<> ?>2B>@O;: -- =0 2K@20;0AL 87 <>8E @C:, 8I8B5 5Q 2 70<:5, >=0 4>;6=0 1KBL 745AL! 4=0:> 4;O 2A5E 1K;> >G5284=>, GB> 682><C ACI5AB2C =52>7<>6=> 1K;> CA:>;L7=CBL >B 2=8<0=8O AB>;L:8E 3;07, 8 ?@8E>48;>AL ?@87=0BL, GB> ?@87@0: ;5=K @5G5A:>9 @0AB0O; 2 @C:0E AE20B82H53> 53> @KF0@O, >1@0B82H8AL 2=>2L 2 B> >1;0:>, 87 :>B>@>3> >1@07>20;AO. >:B>@ $0CAB 3>@L:> 60;>20;AO 3@0DC, GB> =5 1K;8 2K?>;=5=K 40==K5 >15I0=8O, => 5D8AB>D5;5A 70;8; A?>@ E>;>4=K<8 A;>20<8: -- K 2A5 4>;6=K 1KBL 4>2>;L=K, -- A:070; >=, -- 4>:B>@ -- 2K7202 2845=85 AB>;L >1>;LAB8B5;L=>5, GB> @KF0@L =5 A<>3 A45@60BL A2>53> ?>@K20, 0 @KF0@L -- B5<, GB> >= =8G5< =5 ?>?;0B8;AO 70 A2>N ?>?KB:C >2;045BL ;5=>9 @5G5A:>9; 58D>1, :0: 8725AB=>, 1K; <5=55 AG0AB;82: 5<C 70 B> 65 A0<>5 >B@C18;8 =>A 8 CH8. >=5G=>, B0:0O @5GL 1K;0 45@7:0, 8 5D8AB>D5;5A <>3 1K >B25B8BL 70 =5Q, 5A;8 1K @KF0@L, :0: 8 A0< 3@0D, =5 GC2AB2>20;8 A51O =5A:>;L:> ?@8ABK65==K<8 8 =5 1K;8 @04K C;048BL 2AQ =54>@07C<5=85. @0D =0G0; :0:CN-B> ?CB0=CN @5GL, =0?>;>28=C 8728=OOAL, =0?>;>28=C 1;03>40@O $0CAB0, 0 O, ?>4 >1I89 3>2>@, B8E> 2KH5; 87 70;K 8 C40;8;AO 2 A2>N :><=0BC, B0: :0: <=5 24@C3 ?>:070;>AL ABK4=K< CG0AB2>20BL 2> 2A59 MB>9 =5C<=>9 8AB>@88. '5< 1K =8 1K;> 2845==>5 <=>N O2;5=85, 459AB28B5;L=> ;8 <038G5A:8< 2>A:@5H5=85< ;8G=>AB8, 682H59 2> 2@5<5=0 =570?0<OB=K5, 8;8 =>2>9 ?@>45;:>9, =0 :0:85 B0:8< <0AB5@>< ?>:070; A51O 5D8AB>D5;5A, -- <=5 ?>:070;>AL, GB> <K, 7@8B5;8, 83@0;8 2 =59 @>;L C=878B5;L=CN, 8 <=5 70E>B5;>AL ?>A:>@55 AB@OE=CBL A A51O, :0: 4>6452CN 2>4C A ?;0I0, 2A5 BO6Q;K5 2?5G0B;5=8O MB>3> 25G5@0. / 1@>A8;AO 2 ?>AB5;L 8, :>340 =5A:>;L:> 2@5<5=8 A?CABO 4>:B>@ $0CAB, ?@>E>4O <8<>, ?>ABCG0; 2 <>N 425@L, =0<5@5==> =5 >B:;8:=C;AO, 45;0O 284, GB> C65 A?;N. ;020 13. 0: ?>ABC?8; O =0 A;C61C : 3@0DC D>= 5;;5=, :0: ?@81K; 2 =0H 70<>: 0@E85?8A:>? "@8@A:89 8 :0: <K >B?@028;8AL A =8< 2 <>=0ABK@L A2OB>3> #;LD0 I 0:;8=0=85 ;5=K @5G5A:>9 1K;> ?>A;54=8< ?@8:;NG5=85< 87 <>59 >1I59 687=8 A 4>:B>@>< $0CAB><, 81> C65 =0 A;54CNI89 45=L O @07;CG8;AO A =8<, =0 GB>, :@><5 >1I53> >B=>H5=8O :> <=5 <>8E A?CB=8:>2, ?>1C48;> <5=O 5IQ >4=> >B45;L=>5 >1AB>OB5;LAB2>. <5==>, ?@>A=C2H8AL 2=570?=> A@548 =>G8, @0AA;KH0; O 2 A>A54=59 :><=0B5, ?@54>AB02;5==>9 42C< <>8< 4>@>6=K< B>20@8I0<, A<CB=K9 3>2>@ 8, =52>;L=> =0?@O3H8 2=8<0=85, @07;8G8; 3>;>A 5D8AB>D5;O, :>B>@K9 3>2>@8;: -- ;03>40@8 A2OB>3> 5>@30 8 <5=O, GB> B515 C40;AO A53>4=OH=89 >?KB, => 5ABL 25I8, =0 :>B>@K5 =5 A;54C5B ?>AO30BL 42064K. 5 2>>1@0609, GB> 2AO 2A5;5==0O, 2AQ ?@>H;>5 8 1C4CI55 -- B2>8 83@CH:8. >;>A $0CAB0, ?>2KH5==K9 8 3=52=K9, >B25G0;: -- 7;8H=8 A?>@K! / E>GC 5Q 2845BL 5IQ @07, 8 BK <=5 ?><>65HL 2 MB><.  5A;8 AC645=> <=5 A;><0BL H5N 2 B0:>< ?@54?@8OB88, GB> 70 1540! 0A<5H;82K9 3>;>A 5D8AB>D5;O 2>7@060;: -- !<5@B=K5 ;N1OB AB028BL =0 :>= A2>N 687=L, :0: 154=O:8 ?>A;54=89 B0;5@. > A;><0BL A515 H5N AC<55B :064K9 4C@0:, C<=>3> 65 G5;>25:0 45;> -- A>>1@078BL, AB>8B ;8 70B5O ?>B0. =52=K9 3>;>A $0CAB0 3>2>@8;: -- A;8 BK >B:07K205HLAO ?><>30BL <=5, <K @0AAB0Q<AO A B>1>9 702B@0 65! >A;KH0;AO A<5E 5D8AB>D5;O, AB@0==K9 8 =5?@8OB=K9, ?>B>< 53> >B25B: -- # B51O =5 1K205B 4@C38E A@>:>2, :@><5 :0: 702B@0! >4C<09 E>BO 1K, GB> @0=LH5 =04> B515 A1KBL A @C: MB>3> :Q;L=A:>3> <>;>4G8:0, :>B>@K9 B0: ?>:>@=> E;>?05B 3;070<8 =0 B2>8 @>AA:07=8. G5@0 O ?>4<5B8;, :0: >= G0A F5;K9 H5?B0;AO A 3@0D><, 8, 4C<0N, <>6=> >B =53> 640BL ;N1>3> ?@540B5;LAB20. 5=O 2 BC <8=CBC >A:>@18B5;L=K9 >B7K2 5D8AB>D5;O =5 70B@>=C; =8A:>;L:>, 81> ;CGH53> O 8 =5 640; >B =53>, 0 =0?@>B82, O 2A;CH820;AO A 1>;LH8< ;N1>?KBAB2><, >6840O, GB> 2 ?K;C C2;5G5=8O A?>@I8:8 >1;8G0B ?5@54> <=>N B09=C A2>8E AB@0==KE >B=>H5=89. 4@C3, =5 7=0N A0< :0:, =5>4>;8<K9 A>= >E20B8; <5=O 8 70<:=C; <>9 A;CE, A;>2=> 1K 5D8AB>D5;5A, C30402 GCBLQ<, GB> O ?>4A;CH820N, =02Q; =0 <5=O B0:>5 >F5?5=5=85 =5:88< =03>2>@><. !;KH0==>3> <=>N, >4=0:>, 1K;> 4>AB0B>G=>, GB>1K CB@><, :0: B>;L:> =>G=K5 2?5G0B;5=8O @0A?@O<8;8AL 2 <>59 ?0<OB8, 7040; O A515 2>?@>A, C<5AB=> ;8 <=5 >AB020BLAO A 4>:B>@>< $0CAB><, :>B>@><C O, ?>-2848<><C, 2 BO3>ABL, 8 GB>1K, ?>A;5 :@0B:>3> @074C<8O, O ?>@5H8;, GB> <=5 ?@8;8G=55 A <>8<8 ?>?CBG8:0<8 @0AAB0BLAO. =0O, GB> =0H >BJ574 =07=0G5= =0 B>B 45=L, 2 G0AK ?>A;5 ?>;C4=O, O B>BG0A 65 >B?@028;AO @07KA:820BL 3@0D0, GB>1K ?>?@>A8BL C =53> ?>72>;5=8O ?@>25AB8 2 70<:5 E>BO 1K 5IQ ACB:8, 8, =5 157 =5:>B>@>3> B@C40, 4>18;AO 0C485=F88. @0D 2AB@5B8; <5=O 25AL<0 =5;N157=>, GB> 1K;> @078B5;L=K< ?@>B82>@5G85< A 53> ?>2545=85< =0:0=C=5, => GB> =5<54;5==> 8 =0H;> A2>Q B>;:>20=85, 81> 5420 O >1JOA=8; F5;L A2>53> ?>A5I5=8O, :0: >= ?5@5<5=8;AO 2<83, 2A:>G8; A :@5A;0, ?>60; <=5 @C:C 8 2>A:;8:=C;: -- B0:, 2K @07;CG05B5AL A 20H8<8 A?CB=8:0<8, <8;K9  C?@5EB! > MB> A>2A5< 4@C3>5 45;>!  07C<55BAO, 2K <>65B5 =5 ?@>A8BL, 0 B@51>20BL C <5=O 3>AB5?@88<AB20 8<5=5< D8=K 0;;04K. K, =>2K5 ;N48, >1@07C5< =5:>B>@>5 1@0BAB2>, E>BO 1K ?0@:8 8 2K?@O;8 =0< @07;8G=K5 =8B8 AC451, 8 >1O70=K 4@C3 4@C3C >:07K20BL 2A52>7<>6=K5 CA;C38. >340 65 O, C482;Q==K9, A?@>A8; 3@0D0, ?>G5<C 53> B0: @04C5B <>Q @5H5=85, >=, ?>A;5 =5:>B>@>3> :>;510=8O, A>>1I8; <=5, GB> ?5@54> <=>N 1K; C =53> 5D8AB>D5;5A, :>B>@K9 ?@8 70O2;5=88 >1 >BJ5745 A?@>A8;, :0: ?;0BC 70 2G5@0H=89 >?KB <0388, AB> @59=A:8E 3C;L45=>2, 8 3@0D =53>4>20; =0 <>Q ?>2545=85, ?>G8B0O 8 <5=O CG0AB=8:>< 2 45;565 MB8E 45=53. @87=0NAL, MB> 8725AB85 ?>@078;> <5=O :0: C40@ 74>@>2>9 ?0;8F59 ?> 3>;>25, 81> E>BO O ?>=8<0;, GB> <038O =5 8<55B =8G53> >1I53> A 0;E8<859 8 GB> A0<K5 8A:CA=K5 =5:@><0=BK 2AQ @02=> =C640NBAO 2 :@>25 8 ?@>?8B0=88, => 2AQ 65 ?>ABC?>: 5D8AB>D5;O ?>:070;AO <=5 =51;03>@>4=K<. A;8 8 1K;8 C <5=O :0:85-;81> A><=5=8O, E>@>H> ;8 O ?>ABC?0N, @0AAB020OAL A 4>:B>@>< $0CAB><, B> A>>1I5=85 3@0D0 @0725O;> 8E, :0: 25B5@ @0725205B BC<0=, 8 O 2 A0<KE CGB82KE A;>20E 2K@078; 3@0DC 1;03>40@=>ABL 70 3>AB5?@88<AB2>. ">340 3@0D, 2848<>, A0< @0AB@>30==K9 A2>59 4>1@>B>9, A:070; <=5 5IQ A;54CNI55: -- 0G5< 20< 2>>1I5 B>@>?8BLAO >BJ574>< 87 <>53> 70<:0?  0725 C 20A AB>;L =5>B;>6=K5 45;0 2 3>@>45 "@8@5? AB0209B5AL 2 <>Q< 70<:5, 8 O ?>701>GCAL, GB>1K 20< =5 1K;> C <5=O ?;>E>.  B><C 65 <=5 =C65= G5;>25:, E>@>H> C<5NI89 ?8A0BL ?>-;0BK=8, B0: :0: =0<5@5= O A>AB028BL >48= B@0:B0B > 72Q740E. "0:>5 ?@54;>65=85 1K;> :@09=5 4;O <5=O =5>6840==> 8 4065 ?>:070;>AL <=5, 402=> ?@82K:H5<C : =57028A8<>AB8, =5<=>3> >184=K<, =>, 1KAB@> >:8=C2 C<AB25==K< 273;O4>< A2>Q ?>;>65=85, ?>@5H8; O, GB> =5B ?@8G8= <=5 >B:07K20BLAO. ! >4=>9 AB>@>=K, C <5=O B>340 =5 1K;> =8:0:>3> >?@545;Q==>3> =0<5@5=8O, :0: ?>25AB8 40;LH5 A2>N 687=L, 0 A 4@C3>9 -- O =8:>340 =5 1@5730; =8:0:>9 4>;6=>ABLN, 1K2 70 A2>N 687=L 8 ?@>ABK< ;0=4A:=5EB><, 8 A?>4@CG=8:>< :C?5G5A:8E 4><>2. B0:, O >B25B8; A>3;0A85<, 8 B0:8< >1@07><, ?>4G8=OOAL ?@8E>B8 687=5==>3> B5G5=8O, 2;5:H53> <5=O 8728;8AB>9 @5:>9 <8<> >AB@>2>2 8 <5;59, 24@C3 ?@52@0B8;AO 87 A?CB=8:0 A><=8B5;L=>3> G0@>45O 2 ?8AF0 C A><=8B5;L=>3> 3C<0=8AB0.  B>B 65 45=L 4>:B>@ $0CAB 8 5D8AB>D5;5A 459AB28B5;L=> ?>:8=C;8 70<>:. 5@54 8E >BJ574>< O 70HQ; : 4>:B>@C $0CABC ?@>AB8BLAO 8 8<5; A =8< @073>2>@, 87 :>B>@>3> =5:>B>@K5 G0AB8 E>GC ?5@540BL 745AL. AB5AB25==>, GB> >1AC640;8 <K 2G5@0H=89 >?KB <0388, 8 4>:B>@ $0CAB ?@>87=QA F5;K9 ?0=538@8: :@0A>B5 ;5=K @5G5A:>9, 2 B0:8E 2>AB>@65==KE 2K@065=8OE, GB> 2@O4 ;8 A 1>;LH59 AB@0AB=>ABLN ?@>A;02;O; 5Q 2 ;8>=5, ?5@54 >BF>< 8 1@0BLO<8, A0< ?>E8B8B5;L ;5:A0=4@. >B>< 703>2>@8;8 <K 2>>1I5 > =5:@><0=B88, 8 4>:B>@ $0CAB 2 ?0@0;;5;L A2>8< ?>?KB:0< C:070; <=5 =0 2K7K20=85 B5=8 ?@>@8F0B5;O "8@578O #;8AA>< 8 ?@>@>:0 !0<C8;0 M=4>@A:>9 2>;H51=8F59.  :>=F5 15A54K O, 2 2K@065=8OE >G5=L C:;>=G82KE, =0<5:=C; 4>:B>@C $0CABC =0 8AB8==K5 ?@8G8=K <>53> A =8< @07;CG5=8O, 8<5==> =0 =0@>4=CN <>;2C, ?@8?8AK20NICN 5<C ?>ABC?:8 =51;03>284=K5 8 >1JOA=ONICN 53> <>3CI5AB2> A0<K< =54>AB>9=K< >1@07><. >:B>@ $0CAB, ?>-2848<><C, ?>=O; <>8 >AB>@>6=K5 =0<Q:8 8, ?><>;G02, >B25B8; <=5 B0:>9 @5GLN: -- 8:>340 =5 25@LB5, ;N157=K9  C?@5EB, 5A;8 :B>-;81> A:065B 20<, 1C4B> 8AB8==K9 <03 70:;NG8; ?0:B A 45<>=><! >65B 1KBL, 8=>9 =5AG0AB=K9 =54>CG:0 8 >B@5:05BAO >B 25G=>3> 1;065=AB20 2 >1<5= =0 =5A:>;L:> ?@83>@H=59 :@045=KE <>=5B, ?@54;0305<KE 5<C <5;:8<8 15A0<8, => A?@0254;82>ABL >68O, :>=5G=>, =5 :0@05B 70 B0:CN A45;:C, 2 :>B>@>9 1>;LH5 =52565AB20, G5< 3@5E0!  G5< <>3CB A>1;07=8BL 45<>=K G5;>25:0, ?>7=02H53> 8E ?@8@>4C 8 ?@545;K 8E A8;? @0240, 45<>=K >1;040NB =5:>B>@K<8 A?>A>1=>ABO<8, G5;>25:C =5 40@>20==K<8: 1KAB@> ?5@5=>AOBAO A <5AB0 =0 <5AB>, @0AB2>@ONB A2>9 A>AB02 4> ;Q3:>3> 4K<0 8;8 A3CI0NB 53> 2 ;N1K5 >1@07K, 2>7=>AOBAO 2 2>74CH=K5 8 8=K5 AD5@K. > @0725 65;0=8O G5;>25:0 >3@0=8G5=K B5<, GB> <>6=> C4>2;5B2>@8BL ?><>ILN B0:8E A@54AB2?  0725 =5 60645B G5;>25: ?>7=0BL 2A5 B09=K 2A59 2A5;5==>9, 4> A0<>3> :>=F0, 8 >1;040BL 2A5<8 A>:@>28I0<8 157> 2AO:>9 <5@K? AB8==K9 <03 2A5340 A<>B@8B =0 45<>=>2 :0: =0 A8;K =87H85, :>B>@K<8 <>6=> ?>;L7>20BLAO, => ?>4G8=OBLAO :>B>@K< 1K;> 1K =5C<=>. 5 701C4LB5, GB> G5;>25: A>B2>@Q= ?> >1@07C 8 ?>4>18N !0<>3> "2>@F0, 8 ?>MB><C 5ABL 2 =Q< A2>9AB20, =5?>=OB=K5 =5 B>;L:> 45<>=0<, => 8 0=35;0<. =35;K 8 45<>=K <>3CB AB@5<8BLAO ;8HL : A2>5<C 1;03C, ?5@2K5 -- 2> A;02C >68N, 2B>@K5 -- 2> A;02C ;0, => G5;>25: <>65B 8A:0BL 8 A:>@18, 8 AB@040=8O, 8 A0<>9 A<5@B8. 0: >A?>4L A545@68B5;L !K=0 !2>53> 48=>@>4=>3> ?@8=QA 2 65@B2C 70 A>B2>@Q==K9 < <8@, B0: <K ?>@>N ?@8=>A8< 2 65@B2C =0HC 15AA<5@B=CN 4CHC 8 B5< C?>4>1;O5<AO !>740B5;N.  2A?><=8B5 A;>20 520=35;LA:85: :B> E>G5B 4CHC A2>N A15@5GL, ?>B5@O5B 5Q, 0 :B> ?>B5@O5B, B>B A15@56QB! -BC A2>N ?@>I0;L=CN 8 :0: 1K =0?CBAB25==CN @5GL :> <=5 4>:B>@ $0CAB ?@>87=QA A 1>;LH8< >4CH52;5=85<, 8 O 5N 1K; 8A:@5==> 70B@>=CB, 81> <=>3>5 2 =59 1K;> A;>2=> <>8 A>1AB25==K5 <KA;8, B0: GB> 4CH0 <>O, A;KH0 8E, 4@>60;0, :0: 4@>68B AB@C=0 ?@8 72C:5 4@C3>9, =0AB@>5==>9 59 2 ;04. 4=0:> 5420 A>1@0;AO O >B25B8BL 4>:B>@C, :0: @0740;AO 3>;>A 5D8AB>D5;O, :>B>@K9 ?>4:@0;AO : =0< =5A;KH=> 2> 2@5<O =0H59 15A54K 8 24@C3 2>A:;8:=C;: -- @5:@0A=>, 4>:B>@, ?@52>AE>4=>! K @>645=K, GB>1K A F5@:>2=>9 :0D54@K 4>2>48BL A2>8<8 ?@>?>254O<8 4> A;Q7 B>;AB5NI8E ?@8E>60=>:. @5<O 5IQ =5 CH;>, C <5=O <=>3> 4>1@KE 7=0:><KE 2 ?0?A:>9 :C@88, 8 O <>3C CAB@>8BL 20A ?@5;0B>< =0 4>E>4=>5 <5AB>! A>15==> 65 O ;N1;N, :>340 2K ?@82>48B5 2 4>:070B5;LAB2> B5:ABK !2OB>3> ?8A0=8O: MB> -- ;CGH89 A?>A>1 4>:070BL GB> C3>4=>. 54L B>;L:> 3;C?>ABL >4=>AB>@>==O, 0 8AB8=C <>6=> ?>25@=CBL ;N1>9 3@0=LN! @8ACBAB285 5D8AB>D5;O 2A5340 A;>2=> A2O7K20;> 2A5 <>8 42865=8O ?@>G=K<8 25@Q2:0<8, 8 2 70<5H0B5;LAB25 O @5H8B5;L=> =5 7=0;, GB> A:070BL; >= 65, >1@0B82H8AL :> <=5, 4>1028;: --  2K, 3>A?>48=  C?@5EB, 25@>OB=>, =0E>48B5, GB> <K 70B<5205< 20H8 4>AB>8=AB20 8 GB> 157 =0A 20< ;53G5 1C45B 2K428=CBLAO. K 1C45< 25;8:>4CH=K 8 CABC?8< 20< <5AB>. ABC?0BL 2 548=>1>@AB2> =0 :>?LOE >AB@>C<8O C <5=O A>2A5< =5 1K;> >E>BK, 8 <>;G0 O ?>:;>=8;AO 4>:B>@C, ?>25@=C;AO 8 2KH5; 87 :><=0BK, GB>, :>=5G=>, 2>2A5 =5 1K;> CGB82> 8 <>3;> 1KBL 8AB>;:>20=> :0: >1840. >MB><C =0 B>B A;CG09, 5A;8 1K MB8 70?8A:8 ?>?0;8 2 @C:8 A0<>3> 4>:B>@0 $0CAB0 8;8 :>3>-;81> 87 53> 4@C759, O A?5HC 745AL 70A2845B5;LAB2>20BL, GB> 2AQ 4C@=>5 2 ?>ABC?:0E 42CE <>8E A?CB=8:>2 2A5F5;> >B=>HC O =0 AGQB 5D8AB>D5;O >4=>3>. 'B> 65 :0A05BAO A0<>3> 4>:B>@0 $0CAB0, B> 2 @07=>5 2@5<O 4C<0; O >1 =Q< @07=>5, => 2 :>=F5 :>=F>2 4>;65= ?@87=0BL, GB> <>9 8A?KB0B5;L=K9 ;>B =5 87<5@8; 2A5E 3;C18= 53> 687=8 8 53> 4CH8 8 GB> 2 <>59 ?0<OB8 53> >1@07 AB>8B ?>=K=5, A;>2=> =0 3>@87>=B5 B5=L >;80D0. @8 A0<>< >BJ5745 4>:B>@0 O ?@8ACBAB2>20; C65 :0: 7@8B5;L, 2 G8A;5 >18B0B5;59 70<:0, 8 >?OBL 2 MB>9 AF5=5 ?@>I0=8O 4>?CI5=> 1K;> <=>3> HCB>2AB20 =04 ?@85768<8 3>ABO<8.  KF0@L  >15@B ?@>87=QA =0A<5H;82CN @5GL, 1;03>40@O 4>:B>@0 70 ?>A5I5=85, 0 40<K C25=G0;8 5D8AB>D5;O 25=:>< 87 F25B>2, 2K@0I5==KE 8<8 2 :><=0B0E, 8 =04> A>7=0BLAO, GB> <>=0E 1K; 4>AB0B>G=> A<5H>= 2 B0:>< =5?>4E>4OI5< C:@0H5=88. 'B> 4> <5=O, B> O, 2A<0B@820OAL 2 <>8E =5402=8E A?CB=8:>2, AB0@0;AO B5?5@L C;>28BL 2 =8E G5@BK, A>7402H85 =0@>4=CN <>;2C >1 =8E, 8 4>;65= 1K; A>7=0BLAO, GB> ?8I8 4;O @07=KE 4>304>: 4020;8 >=8 =5<0;>. #B><;Q==>5 A?>:>9AB285 4>:B>@0 =5B@C4=> 1K;> 8AB>;:>20BL 157CG0AB=>ABLN G5;>25:0, 7=0NI53> A2>N CG0ABL 70@0=55; 2 1KAB@KE 42865=8OE 5D8AB>D5;O D0=B078O ;53:> <>3;0 CA<>B@5BL =5GB> =5G5;>25G5A:>5, 15A>2A:>5, 8 4065 =0H53> C3@N<>3>, G5@=>1>@>4>3> :CG5@0 ?@8 65;0=88 <>6=> 1K;> ?@8=OBL 70 ?@>AB>3> G5@B0, 703>@52H53> >B 04A:>3> ?;0<5=8 8 ?@82K:H53> =5 : 2>660<, 0 : :>G5@35, :>B>@>9 <5H0NB C3>;LO 2 04A:8E :>AB@0E.  :>340 ?>2>7:0, 2A5 B>;G:8 :>B>@>9 =5402=> ?5@54020;8AL <>8< @Q1@0<, 70ABCG0;0 ?> <>IQ=><C 42>@C 70<:0, <54;5==> ?@>:0B8;0AL G5@57 ?>4JQ<=K9 <>AB 8 1KAB@> 70<5;L:0;0 24>;L 8H5;O, O, ?>4 2;8O=85< A2>8E @074C<89, GCBL ;8 =5 >6840;, GB> 2>B-2>B, =0 :0:><-=81C4L ?>2>@>B5, >=0, :0: B> @0AA:07K205BAO 2 =0@>4=KE A:07:0E, >1@0B8BAO 2 A:>@;C?:C >@5E0, 0 G5B2Q@:0 4N68E ;>H0459 -- 2 15;KE <KH59.  B>B 65 45=L, : 25G5@C, @07J5E0;8AL 8 >AB0;L=K5 3>AB8 3@0D0, @KF0@8 8 40<K, B0: GB> >AB0;8AL 2 70<:5 B>;L:> >1KG=K5 53> >18B0B5;8, :>B>@KE, 2?@>G5<, 1K;> =5<0;>. ! >4=>9 AB>@>=K AB>O;> >1I5AB2> 70<:0: A0< 3@0D, 3@0D8=O C870, 425 5Q 40<K, @KF0@L  >15@B, A5=5H0;, :0?5;;0= 8 4@C385 ?>4>1=K5 ;8F0, 0 A 4@C3>9 -- <=>3>G8A;5==0O G5;O4L, =0G8=0O A> AB@5;:>2 8 ;>2G8E 8 :>=G0O ?@>ABK<8 A;C30<8. /, :>=5G=>, ?@>4>;60; >AB020BLAO 2 >1I5AB25, =0 GB> 4020;> <=5 ?@02> <>Q >1@07>20=85, 8 1K; ?@83;0H05< :0: : >1I5<C AB>;C, B0: 8 =0 25G5@>2K5 15A54K C 3@0D8=8, => 4>;65= ?@87=0BLAO, GB> 2AQ 65 ?>;>65=85 <>Q 2 70<:5 AB0;> 42CA<KA;5==K<. 48= 3@0D >1@0I0;AO A> <=>N =587<5==> ?>-4@C65A:8, 40 ?>@>N 70B5820; A> <=>N A?>@K =0H :0?5;;0=, => 3@0D8=O 8 @KF0@L  >15@B AB0@0;8AL 45;0BL 284, GB> =5 >1@0I0NB =0 <5=O =8:0:>3> 2=8<0=8O. 'B> 4> <5=O, O 8 =5 8A:0; A1;865=8O =8 A :5<, A>E@0=O; =0 ;8F5 BC <0A:C AC@>2>AB8, A :0:>9 ?>O28;AO 2 70<:5, 8 4065 70 >154>< ?@54?>G8B0; <>;G0BL, B5< 1>;55 GB> 3@0D 8 53> :C75= ;N18;8 A?>@8BL > 2>?@>A0E ?>;8B8G5A:8E, <=5 <0;>7=0:><KE, =0?@8<5@, > 65;0=88 8 ?>?KB:0E 8<?5@0B>@0 2>7>1=>28BL (201A:89 A>N7, > 45;0E 2 8BB5=15@35, ?> 2>72@0I5=88 BC40 35@F>30 #;L@8E0, > ?@54AB>O2H5< >@<A:>< A59<5 ?> ?>2>4C >A04K 3>@>40 N=AB5@0 8 ?>4>1=><. A?><8=0O B5?5@L 4=8, ?@>254Q==K5 <=>N 2 70<:5 2 MB>< ?>;>65=88 ?>;C4@C30, ?>;CA;C38, O =5 >G5=L C482;ONAL, GB> 2 A2>Q 2@5<O B0: <0;> GC2AB2>20; 8E 3=QB =04 A>1>9, >1JOA=OO MB> B5<, GB> ?>A;5 ?>;C3>40 <CG8B5;L=>9 687=8 A  5=0B>N, ?>A;5 AB@0AB=>3> =0?@O65=8O <>53> :@0B:>3> >1I5=8O A 3=5AA>N 8 ?>A;5 <=>3>>1@07=59H8E ?@8:;NG5=89 70 G5BK@5 4=O ?CB5H5AB28O A 4>:B>@>< $0CAB><, -- 4CH0 <>O 2?0;0 2 A>==>5 >F5?5=5=85, :0: 2?040NB =0 78<C =5:>B>@K5 3CA5=8FK. >A5;8;8 <5=O, ?>A;5 >BJ5740 4>:B>@0 $0CAB0, 2 4@C3>9 :><=0B5, B0:65 25AL<0 C4>1=>9 8 ?@8AB>9=>9, 2 0?04=>9 10H=5 70<:0, A >:=0<8, 2KE>4OI8<8 =0 >B40;Q==K5 ;8=88 @A:8E 2>72KH5==>AB59, 8 B0: :0: 3@0D 40; <=5 @07@5H5=85 ?>;L7>20BLAO :=830<8 87 53> 181;8>B5:8, B> 1>;LHCN G0ABL 4=O O 8 ?@>2>48; 2 MB>< C548=5=88, C >:=0, A :=83>9 2 @C:0E, B>BG0A 2>72@0I0O A51O : =0G0B>9 AB@0=8F5, 5420 A;CG09=K5 <5GBK C2;5:0;8 <>Q 2>>1@065=85 240;L. "0: ?@>GQ; O =5A:>;L:> 70<5G0B5;L=KE, @0=55 =57=0:><KE <=5 A>G8=5=89, ?@58<CI5AB25==> 87 ?CB5H5AB289, 8 2 B>< G8A;5 ?@5:@0A=K9 B@C4 5B@0 0@B8@0 =385@8CA0, >?8A02H53> 2 A2>8E 45:040E 682> 8 70=8<0B5;L=> >B:@KB85 >2>3> !25B0, ?5@2K5 702>520=8O 2 >2>9 A?0=88 8 2?5G0B;5=85, 8<8 ?@>87254Q==>5 ?@8 0AB8;LA:>< 42>@5. >, =5A<>B@O =0 H8@>:89 4>AC3, :>B>@K< O ?>;L7>20;AO, ?>GB8 =5 ?@54020;AO O <5GB0=8O< > A2>59 ;N128, 81> AB@0H=> <=5 1K;> 15@548BL @0=K A5@4F0, :>B>@K5, :0: B>340 :070;>AL, ?>46820;8, 8 ?@54?>G8B0; 70:@K20BLAO >B 2>A?><8=0=89, :0: >B >B@02;5==KE AB@5;, I8B>< 157@074C<8O. "5 <>8 70=OB8O, 8A?>;=OBL :>B>@K5 O ?@8=O; =0 A51O, =8A:>;L:> =5 >:070;8AL >1@5<5=8B5;L=K<8, 81> 3@0D 1>;LH5 ;N18; <5GB0BL > A2>Q< CGQ=>< B@0:B0B5, =565;8 8AB8==> B@C48BLAO =04 53> A>AB02;5=85<. 064K9 45=L ?@83;0H0; >= <5=O : A515 2 :018=5B, 8 O, >G8=82 =>2>5 ?5@>, @0725@BK20; ;8AB 1C<038, GB>1K ?8A0BL ?>4 48:B>2:C, => @54:> ?@8E>48;>AL <=5 2K25AB8 GQ@=K< ?> 15;><C 1>;LH5 >4=>9 8;8 42CE AB@>:, B0: :0: 3@0D 8;8 =0G8=0;, C2;5:0OAL, >1JOA=OBL <=5 40;L=59H85 3;02K A2>53> B@0:B0B0, 8;8 ?@>AB> 703>20@820; A> <=>9 > 25I0E ?>AB>@>==8E, ?@8GQ< MB8 15A54K 1K;8 2>2A5 =5 CB><8B5;L=K, 0 G0AB> 8 25AL<0 4;O <5=O ?>CG8B5;L=K. 'B> 65 :0A05BAO 4> B>3> =51>;LH>3>, GB> 2AQ-B0:8 1K;> <=>N 70?8A0=> ?>A;5 <=>3>>15I0NI53> 703;028O: "Tractatus mathematicus de firmamento septentrionali", B> O C<>;GC > A>45@60=88 MB>3>, 81> 3@0D 2> <=>3>< >:070; <=5 CA;C38 =5>F5=8<K5 8 2> <=>38E 4@C38E >1;0ABOE ?@>O28; A51O G5;>25:>< >1@07>20==K< 8 A C<>< >AB@K<.  A0<>< 3@0D5 5IQ ?@84QBAO <=5 3>2>@8BL ?>4@>1=55, 745AL 65 C:06C O B>;L:>, GB> ;N18; >= ?>E20;OBLAO :@09=8< A2>8< =525@85< 8 G0AB> A<5O;AO =04 <>8<, 87 >?KB0 ?>G5@?=CBK< C15645=85< 2 @50;L=>AB8 <038G5A:8E O2;5=89. "0:, 2> 2@5<O >4=>9 87 =0H8E 15A54 >=, <564C ?@>G8<, A?@>A8; <5=O, GB> 4C<0N O >1 >?KB5 70:;8=0=8O ;5=K @5G5A:>9, :>B>@>3> >1K <K 1K;8 A2845B5;O<8. / >B:@>25==> >1JOA=8;, GB> >?KB MB>B <=5 ?>:070;AO >G5=L 70<5G0B5;L=K< 8 GB> O >G5=L 60;5;, :>340 @KF0@L  >15@B =5 ?>72>;8; 4>25AB8 53> 4> =0AB>OI53> :>=F0. @0D, @0AA<5O2H8AL, A:070; <=5: -- "K >G5=L ;53:>25@5=,  C?@5EB!  0725 B0: B@C4=> 1K;> =09B8 A>>1I=8FC A@548 452CH5: 70<:0? 0 420 3C;L45=0 ;N10O A>3;0A8;0AL 1K @07K3@0BL @>;L F0@8FK ;5=K, 40 : B><C 65 AB>;L =58A:CA=>! / 4065 ?>GB8 =025@=>5 7=0N, :>3> 4>;6=> =0< ?>4>7@520BL. %>@>H> ?><=O, GB> =5B EC65 A;5?>3>, :0: B>B, :B> 70:@K205B 3;070, O =5 A45;0; ?>?KB:8 >1@07C<8BL 3@0D0 8 ?@><>;G0;. @C3>9 @07 3@0D A?@>A8; <5=O, GB> O 4C<0N >1 0AB@>;>388, 8 O ?@82Q; 2 >B25B >1I58725AB=K5 A;>20: "Astra non mentiuntur sed astrologi bene mentiuntur de astris". 4=0:> 3@0D 2>7@078; A =53>4>20=85<: -- Me hercule! 5 >6840; O ?>4>1=>3> AC645=8O >B ?>:;>==8:0 8:> 45;;0 8@0=4>;0! K8A:820BL ?@54A:070=8O 2 @0A?>;>65=88 ?;0=5B -- 2AQ @02=> GB> 2K2>48BL A2>N AC4L1C 87 A<5=K ;5B0 >A5=LN, 81> 8 B> 8 4@C3>5 @02=> ?>4G8=O5BAO 70:>=0< D878:8. 45AL C<5AB=> 1C45B B0:65 70<5B8BL, GB> 3@0D, E>BO 3>2>@8; > "1@0BAB25" 2A5E "=>2KE ;N459" 8 ?>G8B0; A51O CG5=8:>< >46> @0GG>;8=> 8 -=5O !8;L28O, >4=0:> C?>@=> AB0; >1@0I0BLAO :> <=5 =0 "BK", ?>A;5 B>3> :0: O AB0; >B =53> 2 =5:>B>@CN 7028A8<>ABL, G5<C =5 ?>GQ; O =C6=K< ?@84020BL 7=0G5=85. II "0:0O <>O 687=L 2 70<:5 3@0D0 D>= 5;;5= 4;8;0AL >:>;> ?>;C<5AOF0, ?@8GQ< : :>=FC MB>3> <0;>3> ?@><56CB:0 2@5<5=8 C65 =0G0; O >ICI0BL 25AL<0 >?@545;Q==> BO3>BC A2>53> ?>;>65=8O 8 A<CB=CN 6064C ?5@5<5=K, :>B>@0O 2A5340 C?@02;O;0 <>59 687=LN. >;6=> 1KBL, 2 A>3;0A88 A <>8<8 BQ<=K<8 65;0=8O<8 1K;0 8 <>O AC4L10, :>B>@>9 ?>@0 1K;> 25AB8 <5=O : 70:;NG8B5;L=K< 8 AB@0H=K< A>1KB8O< ?5@568B>9 <=>9 8AB>@88. >340 >4=064K 1K; O, ?> A2>59 4>;6=>AB8, 70 AB>;>< 2 :><=0B5 3@0D0 8 2KA;CH820; 4;8==>5 53> >1JOA=5=85 >B=>A8B5;L=> @0AAB>O=8O AD5@K 72Q74 4> A>;=F0, 2=570?=> 2 :><=0BC 2>HQ; 25AB>2>9, :>B>@>3> 2?CAB8;8 157 ?@54C?@5645=8O, 2284C 206=>AB8 ?@8257Q==>3> 8< ?8AL<0. "> 1K;> 8725AB85 >B 0@E85?8A:>?0 "@8@A:>3> >0==0, GB> >= ?@54?@8=O; ?>574:C 2 <>=0ABK@L A2OB>3> #;LD0, 345 ?@>O28;0AL =>20O 5@5AL, 8 GB> 1;8609HCN =>GL =0<5@5= >= ?@>25AB8 2 70<:5 D>= 5;;5=. @0D A CGB82K<8 A;>20<8 >B?CAB8; ?>A;0=F0, => :>340 <K 2=>2L >AB0;8AL 242>Q<, ?@8H;>AL <=5 2KA;CH0BL F5;K9 ?>B>: 60;>1 8 ?5=59. -- Hei mihi! -- 3>2>@8; 3@0D. -- >=G8;0AL <>O A2>1>40, :>340 O <>3 22>;N CA;0640BLAO A;C65=85< <C70<! E, ?>G5<C O =5 ?@>AB>9 ?>MB, =5 7=0NI89 4@C38E >1O70==>AB59, :@><5 65@B2 ?>;;>=C, 8;8 =5 =8I89 CGQ=K9, 7=0NI89 B>;L:> A2>8 :=838! @8 MB>< 3@0D >AK?0; 65;G=K<8 >128=5=8O<8 A2>53> AN75@5=0, =0A<5H;82> A@02=820O 53> A 4@C38< 4CE>2=K< :=O75<, =0H8< 1;03>@>4=K< A>2@5<5==8:><, 0@E85?8A:>?>< 03451C@3A:8< 8 09=FA:8< ;L1@5EB><, :>B>@>3> 2KAB028; ?>GB8 :0: >1@075F G5;>25:0. A>15==> C4@CG0;> 3@0D0, GB> >=, 8<5O 720=85 A>25B=8:0, =5?@5<5==> 4>;65= 1K; A>?@>2>640BL 0@E85?8A:>?0, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, =0 ?@>BO65=88 =5A:>;L:8E 4=52=KE ?5@5E>4>2, 8 BCB 65 >1JO28;, GB> <=5 ?@84QBAO 5E0BL A =8<, B0: :0: =8 70 GB> =5 E>G5B >= ?@5@K20BL A2>59 @01>BK =04 B@0:B0B><. /, @07C<55BAO, A>3;0A8;AO 25AL<0 >E>B=>, ?>B><C GB> <5=O =8A:>;L:> =5 ?@82;5:0;0 <KA;L >AB0BLAO 2 70<:5 157 3@0D0, => O =5 ?>4>7@520; 2 BC <8=CBC, GB> MB0 ?>574:0 4>;6=0 1KBL @>:>2>9 8 GB> A0<>5 ?@81KB85 0@E85?8A:>?0 >0==0 ;8HL H0E<0B=K9 E>4 2 @C:0E AC4L1K, :>B>@0O 8 :=O75<-:C@DN@AB>< 8<?5@88 83@05B, :0: ?@>AB>9 ?5H:>9, 4;O 4>AB865=8O A2>8E B08=AB25==KE F5;59.  B>B 65 G0A =0G0;8AL 2 70<:5 ?@83>B>2;5=8O 4;O ?@85<0 2KA>:>3> 3>ABO, 8 ?> 2A5< :>@84>@0< 8 ?@>E>40< 70<5B0;8AL A;C38 8 @01>B=8FK, A;>2=> <C@02L8 2 ?>B@52>65==>< <C@0259=8:5. /, :>=5G=>, =8A:>;L:> =5 2<5H820;AO 2 MBC AC5B=N 8 ?@54?>GQ; >AB0BLAO 2 >1KG=>9 4;O <5=O C548=Q==>AB8, B0: GB> 4065, :>340 =0 A:;>=5 4=O 2B>@>9 25AB>2>9 8725AB8;, GB> ?>574 0@E85?8A:>?0 ?@81;8605BAO, =5 ?@8=O; =8:0:>3> CG0AB8O 2 53> 2AB@5G5 8 ?>B><C =5 <>3C >?8A0BL 5Q ?>4@>1=>AB59. @0240, A84O 2 A2>59 :><=0B5, 70=8<0;AO O @51OG5A:>9 83@>9: ?> 72C:0<, A<CB=> 4>=>A82H8<AO :> <=5, AB0@0;AO C304K20BL, GB> 8<5==> A>25@H05BAO =0 42>@5, C 2E>40, 2 1>;LH>9 70;5, :0:85 ?@>87=>AOBAO @5G8, G5< ?@8Q< AN75@5=0 >B;8G05BAO >B HCB>2A:>3> ?@8Q<0, >:070==>3> 4>:B>@C $0CABC, -- => MB8 ?@074=K5 <5GBK =5 <>3CB ?@54JO2;OBL =8:0:8E ?@8BO70=89 =0 2=8<0=85 1;03>A:;>==>3> G8B0B5;O.  B>< A>AB>O=88 157459AB28O, 2 :0:>< O B>340 =0E>48;AO, <>65B 1KBL, ?@>2Q; 1K O, =5 2KE>4O 87 :><=0BK, 2@5<O 4> =>G8, 5A;8 1K A0< 3@0D =5 ?@8A;0; 720BL <5=O : C68=C, 8 O, ?@8=0@O482H8AL A:>;L:> <>3, A?CAB8;AO 2 "@>O=A:CN 70;C. -B>B @07 >=0 1K;0 C1@0=0 A 459AB28B5;L=>9 ?KH=>ABLN, 81> G8A;> 7066Q==KE 2>A:>2KE A25G 8 4;8==KE D0:5;>2 1K;> >3@><=>, 0 2 3;C18=5 70;K 2>74283=CBK 1K;8 E>@K 4;O <C7K:0=B>2, C65 >68402H8E A83=0;0, A B@C10<8 8 4C4:0<8 2 @C:0E. / B>BG0A @07;8G8; A@548 ?@85768E D83C@C 0@E85?8A:>?0, :>B>@K9 ?>:070;AO <=5 4>2>;L=> ?@54AB028B5;L=K< 2 BQ<=>-;8;>2>9 ACB0=5, A 7>;>B>9, >AK?0==>9 4@03>F5==K<8 :0<5=LO<8 ?@O6:>9 =0 3@C48 8 2 B>@65AB25==>9 8=DC;5. 0B> ;N48 53> A28BK, ?@5;0BK, :0=>=8:8 8 4@C385, 2A5 ?@>8725;8 =0 <5=O 2?5G0B;5=85 >BB0;:820NI55, 8, >1>7@520O MB8 B>;ABK5 682>BK 8 68@=K5 A0<>4>2>;L=K5 ;8F0, =52>;L=> 2A?><8=0; O =570125==K5 AB@0=8FK 15AA<5@B=>9 A0B8@K !510AB80=0 @0=B0. A53> B>340, O 4C<0N, A>1@0;>AL 2 B>9 70;5 1>;55 A>@>:0 G5;>25:, 4;O C3>I5=8O :>B>@KE C65 1K;> 703>B>2;5=> B@8 >B45;L=KE AB>;0, GB>1K @07<5AB8BL 2A5E A>>1@07=> A 8E ?@020<8 8 4>AB>8=AB20<8. 0 3;02=K< AB>;>< A5;8 A 0@E85?8A:>?>< 8 53> ?@81;86Q==K<8 3@0D, 53> AC?@C30 8 @KF0@L  >15@B, 0 2A5< 4@C38< 1K;8 B>G=> C:070=K 8E <5AB0, :C40 :064>3> B>BG0A 8 ?@>2>60;8 =0H8 ?068, >45BK5 2 O@:85 :>ABN<K 8 A A0;D5B:0<8, ?>25H5==K<8 =0 H5N, ?> AB0@8==><C >1KG0N. =5 1K; =07=0G5= ?@81>@ 70 <0;5=L:8< AB>;>< 2 AB>@>=5, 70 :>B>@K< >:070;AO B0:65 =0H :0?5;;0=, A5=5H0; 70<:0 8 G5;>25: 45AOBL 87 A28BK =0H53> 3>ABO, 8 O 1K; >G5=L @04, GB> 2 MB>< :@C3C <>3 70?@OB0BLAO :0: 1K A>2A5< =570<5B=>. 5 7=0N, GB> 45;0;>AL 70 AB>;>< 0@E85?8A:>?0, 81> =0 MB>B @07 C <5=O =5 1K;> @25=8O : =01;N45=8O<, => 70 =0H8< 2A5 =0:8=C;8AL A 8AB8==>9 0;G=>ABLN =0 B5 1;N40, :>8<8 ?>AB0@0;8AL I53>;L=CBL =0H8 ?>20@0, 8 ?>:0 ?@>E>48;8 <8<> 2A52>7<>6=K5 :CH0=LO, A@548 :>B>@KE ?@5>1;040;0, :>=5G=>, @K10: IC:8, :0@?K, ;8=8, C3@8, @0:8, D>@5;8, <8=>38, ;>A>A8, ?>:0 ?068 CA5@4=> @07;820;8 2AO:85 A>@B0 ?@8@59=A:8E 28=, -- A;KH=> 1K;> B>;L:> IQ;:0=L5 G5;NAB59 8 284=K 1K;8 B>;L:> >BB>?K@5==K5 ?@8 6520=88 IQ:8. 8HL 2 :>=F5 C68=0 >1@07>20;0AL =5:>B>@0O 15A540 <564C <=>N, =0H8< :0?5;;0=>< 8 <>8< A>A54>< 70 AB>;><, =875=L:8< 8 B>;AB5=L:8< <>=0E><-4><8=8:0=F5<, -- :>B>@CN ?5@2>5 2@5<O O 2Q; =51@56=>, => : :>B>@>9 ?@8;>68; ?>B>< 2AQ AB0@0=85, GB>, <>65B 1KBL, ?@8=5A;> <=5 A2>N ?>;L7C 2?>A;54AB288. ><8=8:0=5F =0G0; A 60;>1 =0 B5 CB5A=5=8O, :0:8< 2 A59 25: ?>425@305BAO 2 5@<0=88 8 2> 2AQ< <8@5 A2OB0O :0B>;8G5A:0O F5@:>2L, 81>, ?> 53> A;>20<, 2 65AB>:>AB8 ?@5A;54>20=89 C?>4>18;8AL ?@>B5AB0=BK 3>B0< 8 35B0< 2 2@>?5, 20=40;0< 2 D@8:5, 0@80=0< BCB 8 B0<, 8 4065 ?@527>H;8 8E. = @0AA:070; ?>B>< =5A:>;L:> A;CG052, :0: ?@>B5AB0=BK E20B0;8 25@=KE :0B>;8:>2, <8@O= 8 A2OI5==8:>2, ?@8=C640O 8E >B@5GLAO >B 8AB8==>9 25@K, B5E 65, :B> C?>@AB2>20;, C1820;8 <5G><, 25H0;8 =04 :>AB@0<8, @0A?8=0;8 2 F5@:20E =0 A2OBKE @0A?OB8OE, B>?8;8 2 @5:0E 8 :>;>4F0E, ?>425@30;8 2AO:8< 8ABO70=8O<, =5AB5@?8<K< 8 ?>ABK4=K<, =0?@8<5@, 70AB02;OO ;>H0459 ?>540BL C =8E, 682KE, 2=CB@5==>AB8, 8;8 65=I8=0< =01820O A@0<=K5 G0AB8 ?>@>E>< 8 ?>46830O B0:CN <8=C. B5F $8;8??, =0H :0?5;;0=, 87JO28; 2AQ A2>Q =53>4>20=85 ?@8 B0:8E @0AA:070E; O 65, C48282H8AL =0 A;04>AB@0AB=K9 2>AB>@3, A :0:8< =0H A>15A54=8: ?5@54020; ?@>8AH5AB28O, 5A;8 8 =5 =52>7<>6=K5, 81> ?@8 @073@01;5=88  8<0 1K; O A0< A2845B5;5< AE>4=KE A;CG052, B> 2AQ 65 @54:85 8 8A:;NG8B5;L=K5, -- >A254><8;AO, A :5< 8<55< <K G5ABL 15A54>20BL. ">340 4><8=8:0=5F, A ;0A:>2>9 C;K1:>9, =0720; A51O. -- / -- A<8@5==K9 A;C68B5;L 0;B0@O, -- A:070; >=, -- 1@0B $><0, 0 2 <8@C QB@ "5915=5@, 8=:2878B>@ 53> A2OB59H5AB20, 8<5NI89 ?>;=><>G85 @07KA:820BL 8 8A:>@5=OBL ?03C1=K5 701;C645=8O 5@5B8:>2 ?> 2A5< ?@8@59=A:8< 75<;O<: 045=C, (?595@C, D0;LFC, 09=FC, "@8@C 8 4@C38<. @87=0NAL, GB> ?@8 A;>25 "8=:2878B>@" =5GB> 2@>45 >ICB8B5;L=>9 4@>68 ?@>1560;> ?> <>5<C B5;C, >B H58 4> ;>4K65:, >A>15==> ?@8 A>2?045=88 8<5=8 =>2>3> 7=0:><>3> A 8<5=5< 7=0<5=8B>3> $><K 45 ">@:25<040, ?>;25:0 B><C =0704 C60A>< A2>8E ?@5A;54>20=89 ?>B@OA02H53> 0AB8;8N 8 @03>=8N. / 7=0;, GB> 8=:2878B>@K, A> 2@5<5=8 ?0?A:>9 1C;;K "Summis desiderantes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gimus tibi gratias, omnipotens Deus", B0: GB> <>6=> 1K;> =0:>=5F 2AB0BL 8 =0G0BL ?@>I0BLAO. > 2AO:>< A;CG05, O =5 ?@><0E=C;AO, 1@>A0O ?@83>@H=O<8 A5<5=0 2 4CHC A2>53> A>1CBK;L=8:0, 81> 2?>A;54AB288, A C60A>< 8 >BG0O=L5<, ?@8H;>AL <=5 C25@8BLAO 2 A8;5 MB>3> 1@0B0 $><K, :>B>@K9 ?>A;5 ?5@2>3> 7=0:><AB20 CA5@4=> 60; <=5 @C:C 8 4065 2KA?@0H820; C <5=O, =5 A;C6C ;8 8 O B09=> A2OB>9 8=:2878F88. 0 A;54CNI89 45=L O ?@>A=C;AO A @04>AB=>9 <KA;LN, GB> A53>4=O ?>:8=C 70<>:, =52>;L=> A@02=820; A51O A @K1>9, :>B>@>9 87 A5B8 24@C3 >B:@K;AO 2KE>4 2 @5G=K5 AB@C8, 8 459AB28B5;L=>, 2K94O =0 2=CB@5==89 42>@, 70AB0; O 2A5 ?@8C3>B>2;5=8O : >BJ574C. ;O4O, :0: 70?@O30NB 8 A54;0NB ;>H0459, :0: =02LNG820NB <C;>2, :0: @07<5I0NB BN:8 ?> ?>2>7:0< 8 B5;530<, 2>>1I5 -- ?@8 2845 >682;Q==>9 G5;>25G5A:>9 45OB5;L=>AB8, O ?>GC2AB2>20; B0:CN 1>4@>ABL, :0:>9 =5 8A?KBK20; C65 402=>. AG57;0 4065 B0 C?>@=0O <>;G0;82>ABL, :>B>@0O 45@60;0 <5=O 2 A2>8E ;0?0E ?>A;54=NN =545;N, 8 O A 1>;LH>9 >E>B>9 703>20@820; A =57=0:><K<8 ;N4L<8, 4020; A>25BK 8 ?><>30; A1>@0<. K;> 2> <=5 B0:>5 >ICI5=85, A;>2=> A=0@O60N O =5:89 :0@020=, A :>B>@K< >B?@02;ONAL =0 ?>8A:8 =>2>3> A25B0 8 =>2>9 687=8. !1>@K 70=O;8 =5 <5=55 42CE G0A>2, ?>B><C GB> E;>?>B 1K;> =5 <5=LH5, :0: 5A;8 1K 2 ?>E>4 2KABC?0;0 <0;5=L:0O 0@<8O. 5 AG8B0O B>3>, GB> 2 ?CBL >B?@02;O;AO B5?5@L 3@0D A =5A:>;L:8<8 ;N4L<8 87 70<:0, A 0@E85?8A:>?>< 5E0;0 =5<0;0O A28B0 87 <>=0E>2 8 ?@5;0B>2, 0 B0:65 2AO 53> ?>E>4=0O :0=F5;O@8O A =5A:>;L:8<8 ?8AF0<8, <548: 8 0?B5:0@L A 0?B5:>N, F8@C;L=8: 8 =5A:>;L:> A;C3. @><5 B>3>, >B45;L=K5 B5;538 257;8 AJ5AB=K5 ?@8?0AK, 28=0, ?>AC4C, ?@8=04;56=>AB8 4;O A?0=LO, 15;LQ, ?>E>4=CN 181;8>B5:C 8 5IQ =5<0;> BN:>2, =018BKE <=5 =5254><> G5<. C<0N, GB> :>340 >8A59 2K2>48; =0@>4 52@59A:89 87 38?B0, =5 <=>38< 1>;LH5 1K;> :>;8G5AB2> 25I59 8 70?0A>2, C2>78<KE 8<8 =0 <=>3>;5B=55 AB@0=AB285 2 ?CABK=8, G5< 1@0; A A>1>N 0@E85?8A:>? "@8@A:89 2 4>@>3C, 345 :064CN =>GL <>3 ?@>2>48BL ?>4 :@>2>< B> 70<:0, B> <>=0ABK@O. 0:>=5F 2 ?>;45=L =0H A5=5H0; 40; A83=0; 2>5==K< @>3><, 8 2A5 AB0;8 ?>A?5H=> 70=8<0BL =07=0G5==K5 8< <5AB0, 8 O 2 B>< G8A;5, 25@E>< =0 4>1@>9 ;>H048, 40==>9 <=5 3@0D><, ?><5AB8;AO 2 0@L5@30@45, 345 1K;8 8 2A5 4@C385 ;N48 70<:0. >B>< =0 10;:>=5 ?>:070;8AL 425 D83C@K: 0@E85?8A:>?0 8 3@0D0 -- 8 A B>@65AB25==>9 <54;5==>ABLN A?CAB8;8AL ?> ;5AB=8F5 2=87, 345 640;8: ?5@2>3> -- 70:@KB0O, ?@>AB>@=0O ?>2>7:0, 70?@O6Q==0O 2>AL<5@8:><, 0 2B>@>3> -- 25;8:>;5?=K9 :>=L 2 1>30B>9 ?>?>=5, A ;5=B0<8 8 ?5@LO<8, A;>2=> 4;O BC@=8@0. 0= 1K; 2B>@>9 A83=0; -- 8 A@07C 2AQ ?@8H;> 2 42865=85: ;>H048=K5 :>?KB0 AB0;8 ?>4K<0BLAO, :>;QA0 25@B5BLAO, ?>2>7:8 ?5@5<5I0BLAO, 8, A;>2=> >48= <=>3>G;5=8ABK9 7<59, A68<0OAL 8 2KBO3820OAL, 4;8==K9 ?>574 0@E85?8A:>?0 ?>?>;7, C2;5:0O A A>1>9 <5=O 70 2>@>B0 70<:0. 5@55E02 ?>4JQ<=K9 <>AB, :>B>@K9 70<5B=> ?>3=C;AO ?>4 B0:>9 BO65ABLN, <K @07;8;8AL H8@>:>9 B>;?>9 ?> B>9 A0<>9 4>@>35, ?> :>B>@>9 425 =545;8 =0704 O ?@81K; 2 70<>:, 8 2>7>1=>28;>AL <>Q ?@5@20==>5 ?CB5H5AB285, => ?@8 CA;>28OE, 87<5=Q==KE A;>2=> @:0;05<-2>;H51=8:><, 81>, 2<5AB> 4>:B>@0 8 53> 4@C30, 1K;> A> <=>9 B5?5@L F5;>5 HC<=>5 8 1;8AB0B5;L=>5 >1I5AB2>. K5E02 =0:>=5F 2 ?>;5, 8A?KBK20; O A>25@H5==> 45BA:CN @04>ABL: 24KE0; <O3:89 25A5==89 2>74CE, :0: GC4>459AB25==K9 10;L70<, ;N1>20;AO @07=>F25B=>9 75;5=LN 40;L=8E ;5A>2 8 ;C3>2, ;>28; =0 ;8F>, =0 H5N, =0 3@C4L BQ?;K5 ;CG8 A>;=F0 8 25AL ;8:>20;, A;>2=> 725@L, ?@>A=C2H89AO >B 78<=59 A?OG:8. 57 4CH52=>9 1>;8 2A?><8=0; O 2 B>B G0A 8 >1  5=0B5, A :>B>@>9 2A53> 2>A5<L <5AOF52 B><C =0704, 2?5@2K5, @O4><, 5E0; G5@57 B0:85 65 ?CABK==K5 ?>;O, 8  5=0B0 :070;0AL <=5 C65 40;Q:>9 8 701KB>9, 8 O 4065 :0:-B> A0< C4828;AO, 2A?><=82 B5 3;CE85 ?@>?0AB8 >BG0O=8O, 2 :>B>@K5 C?0; ?> @07;C:5 A =59, 8 5IQ =5402=85 A2>8 A;Q7K =0 B5@@0A5 70<:0. =5 E>B5;>AL =5 B> ?5BL, =5 B> @5728BLAO, :0: H:>;O@C, 2K@202H5<CAO 70 3>@>4, =0 2>;N, =5 B> 2K720BL :>3>-B> =0 ?>548=>: 8 18BLAO H?030 > H?03C, :>340 >B AB0;:820NI8EAO :;8=:>2 AK?;NBAO 24@C3 3>;C1>20BK5 8A:@K. "0:>5 1>4@>5 =0AB@>5=85 4CE0 ?@>45@60;>AL 2> <=5 ?>GB8 25AL 45=L 8 B>;L:> : 25G5@C A<5=8;>AL =5:>B>@K< CB><;5=85<, ?@58<CI5AB25==> >BB>3>, GB> 5E0;8 <K G5@5AGC@ <54;5==>, A <=>3>G8A;5==K<8 >AB0=>2:0<8 4;O >B4KE0 8 4;O 702B@0:>2. ">;L:> 2 AC<5@:0E 4>AB83;8 <K =0:>=5F 4> F5;8 2A53> ?CB8: <>=0ABK@O A2OB>3> #;LD0, E>BO ;8E>9 574>: <>3 1K 4>A:0:0BL 4> =53> >B 70<:0 D>= 5;;5= 2 420 8;8 A ?>;>28=>N 420 G0A0 2A53>-=02A53>. >340 ?5@54> <=>9 2KABC?8;0 G5B25@>C3>;L=0O >3@040 <>=0ABK@O, >1254Q==>3> @2><, :0: @KF0@A:89 70<>:, =5 ?>4C<0; O =8G53> 4@C3>3>, :@><5 B>3>, GB> 1;87>: =>G;53, 8 =8:0:>5 ?@>@>G5A:>5 2>;=5=85 =5 ?@54C?@548;> <5=O > B><, GB> <5=O 640;> 70 MB8<8 AB5=0<8. 57> 2AO:>3> 2=8<0=8O 2KA;CH820; O >1JOA=5=8O >4=>3> 87 <>=0E>2, GB> <>=0ABK@L MB>B >A=>20= B@8 AB>;5B8O =0704, A2OB>9 ;87025B>9, A>@52=>202H59 A2OB>9 ;0@5, GB> 2 @87=8F5 53> E@0=OBAO A2OBK=8 548=AB25==K5, :0: ?;0B, :>8< >?>OA0=K 1K;8 G@5A;0 !?0A8B5;O =0 :@5AB5, -- 8 =8:0: O =5 <>3 2>>1@078BL A515, GB> : MB>9 >18B5;8 1C45B =025:8, =5@6025NI8<8 F5?O<8 2>A?><8=0=8O, ?@8:>20=0 <>O 4CH0. "0: :0: 25AB>2K5 8 745AL ?@54C?@548;8 > ?@81;865=88 0@E85?8A:>?0, B> 2AQ, 5IQ 4> =0H53> ?@81KB8O, C65 1K;> 3>B>2>, GB>1K ?@85E02H85 <>3;8 =5 157 C4>1AB20 ?@>25AB8 =>GL. !0< 0@E85?8A:>? 8 =5A:>;L:> 53> ?@81;86Q==KE ?@>5E0;8 ?@O<> 2 <>=0ABK@L; 4;O 1>;LH8=AB20 ;8F 1K;8 >G8I5=K 8 C1@0=K 4><8:8 1;86=59 45@52=8 ;LB4>@D0, 0 4;O 3@0D0 40;L15@B0 =0H8 ;N48 B>BG0A ?@8=O;8AL @071820BL ?>E>4=CN ?0;0B:C, A;>2=> 2 2>5==>< ;035@5.  =5A:>;L:8E <5AB0E 1K;8 70665=K 1>;LH85 A<>;O=K5 1>G:8, >B G53> 2>:@C3 1K;> AB@0H=> A25B;>, 8 GQ@=K5 >1@07K ;N459 8 ;>H0459, :>;KE02H85AO ?@8 MB>< =5?>:>9=>< A25B5, :070;8AL GC4>28I=K<8 ?@87@0:0<8, 2KE>4F0<8 87 040, A>1@02H8<8AO 2 2>;H51=CN 4>;8=C. >340, 8A?>;=82 @07=K5 ?>@CG5=8O, @07KA:0; O ?0;0B:C 3@0D0, >= C65 1K; B0< 8 >B4KE0;, ;560 =0 @07>AB;0==>9 <54256L59 H:C@5. #284O <5=O, >= A?@>A8;: -- C GB>,  C?@5EB, =5 CAB0; BK >B ?>E>40? / 2>7@078;, GB> O -- AB>;L 65 ;0=4A:=5EB, A:>;L:> 3C<0=8AB, 8 GB> 5A;8 1K 2A5 ?>E>4K A>25@H0;8AL A B0:8<8 C4>1AB20<8, :0: MB>B, =5 1K;> 1K @5<5A;0 1>;55 ?@8OB=>3>, G5< 2>8=A:>5. @0D @0A?>@O48;AO, GB>1K C <5=O 2A5340 1K;8 =03>B>25 G5@=8;0 8 ?5@LO, 5A;8 5<C, :0: .;8N &570@N, ?@84QB 2 3>;>2C 48:B>20BL 2> 2@5<O ?CB8, => 2<5AB> @01>BK ?@54?>GQ; =0G0BL 15A54C >1 >1AB>OB5;LAB20E =0H53> ?CB5H5AB28O, 2 B5G5=85 :>B>@>9 8 A:070; <=5, <564C ?@>G8<: -- AB0B8, B515 MB> 1C45B ;N1>?KB=>,  C?@5EB, B0: :0: BK ;N18HL 2AQ, GB> :0A05BAO 4LO2>;0 8 2AO:>9 <0388. =05HL ;8, :0:0O 5@5AL ?@>O28;0AL 2 MB>< <>=0ABK@5, :C40 <K ?@85E0;8 A B0:>9 B>;?>9? =5 A0<><C B>;L:> GB> @0AA:070;8. 5;> 2 B><, GB> 2 <>=0ABK@L ?>ABC?8;0 >4=0 =>20O A5AB@0, A :>B>@>9 =5>B;CG=> ?@51K205B =5 B> 0=35;, =5 B> 45<>=. 4=8 87 A5ABQ@ ?>:;>=ONBAO 59, :0: A2OB>9, 4@C385 :;O=CB 5Q, :0: >45@68<CN 8 :0: A>N7=8FC 4LO2>;0. 5AL <>=0ABK@L @0745;8;AO =0 425 ?0@B88, A;>2=> A8=8E 8 75;Q=KE 2 870=B88, 8 2 @0A?@5 ?@8=O;0 CG0AB85 2AO >:@C30, @KF0@8 1;86=8E 70<:>2, <C68:8 1;86=8E 45@525=L, ?>?K 8 <>=0E8. 0BL 0110B8A0 ?>B5@O;0 2AO:CN =04564C A?@028BLAO A> A<CB>9, 8 2>B B5?5@L 0@E85?8A:>?C 8 =0< ?@54AB>8B @5H0BL, :B> 745AL 459AB2C5B: 0=35; 8;8 45<>=? 8;8 ?@>AB> 2A5>1I55 =52565AB2>. ">;L:> ?>A;5 MB>3> A>>1I5=8O ?5@2>5 ?@54GC2AB285 274@>3=C;> 2 <>Q< A5@4F5, 8 A@07C A<CB=>5 2>;=5=85 >:CB0;> <>N 4CHC, :0: >:CBK205B ?@54<5BK 3CAB>9 4K<. '5<-B> 7=0:><K< ?>25O;> =0 <5=O >B A;>2 3@0D0, 8 <=5 ?@54AB028;>AL, 1C4B> O C65 A;KH0; @0=LH5 >1 MB>9 A5AB@5, A :>B>@>9 ?@51K205B =5>BABC?=> =5 B> 0=35;, =5 B> 45<>=. ! 70<8@0=85< 3>;>A0 O A?@>A8;, =5 =07K20;8 ;8 8<5=8 B>9 =>2>9 <>=0E8=8, A ?@81KB85< :>B>@>9 2 <>=0ABK@5 =0G0;8AL MB8 GC45A0. 5<=>3> ?>4C<02, 3@0D >B25G0;: -- A?><=8;: 5Q 7>2CB 0@8O. -B>B >B25B 2> 2=5H=5< CA?>:>8; <5=O, => 345-B> 2 3;C18=5 <>53> 4CE0 ?@>4>;60;0AL B09=0O B@52>30. , 70AK?0O =0 A2>Q< @07>AB;0==>< ?;0I5, =5 <>3 O >B>3=0BL 2>A?><8=0=89 > B>< 4=5, :>340 2 45@525=A:>9 3>AB8=8F5 @071C48; <5=O 4>;5B02H89 87 A>A54=59 :><=0BK 65=A:89 C<>;ONI89 3>;>A. >2>40<8 @07C<0 AB0@0;AO O >1@07C<8BL A51O 8 4>:07K20;, GB> :@C3>< =5B =8:>3>, :@><5 <>=0E>2 8 2>8=>2, => <=5 2AQ, 8 A:2>7L ?5@2K9 A>=, :070;>AL, GB> A59G0A O 70A;KHC 7>2  5=0BK.  2> A=5 5Q >1@07 1K; A=>20 A> <=>9 B0:8< 682K< 8 @50;L=K<, :0:8< 5IQ =8 @07C 4> B>3> =5 ?@82>48; 53> :> <=5 1>3 A=>2845=89. -B8 ?@54GC2AB28O =5 >1<0=K20;8 <5=O, ?>B><C GB> =0 4@C3>9 45=L <=5 ?@54AB>O;> C2845BL 2=>2L BC, :>B>@CN O C65 AG8B0; =52>72@0B=> CB@0G5==>9. ;020 14. 0: 0@E85?8A:>? M:7>@F87<0<8 1>@>;AO A 45<>=0<8 2 <>=0ABK@5 A2OB>3> #;LD0 I #B@> A;54CNI53> 4=O 1K;> OA=>5 8 O@:>5, 8 O, 2KH54H8 @0=> 2 ?>;5, ?@8A5; =0 ?@83>@:5, A?CA:02H5<AO : <0;5=L:>9 @5G:5, >B45;O2H59 =0H ;035@L >B <>=0ABK@O, 8 AB0; ?@8;56=> 53> @0AA<0B@820BL. "> 1K; 25AL<0 >1K:=>25==K9 <>=0ABK@L, :0:8E <=>3> 2>742830;8 2 AB0@8=C, 157> 2AO:>9 701>BK > :@0A>B5 ?>AB@>9:8, >1=5AQ==K9 B>;ABK<8 AB5=0<8, 70:;NG02H8<8 2 A2>9 :204@0B 3@C1K5 AB@>5=8O 4;O :5;89 8 >48= E@0<, ?5@2>1KB=>-AB@5;LG0B>9 0@E8B5:BC@K. %>BO 284=K 1K;8 <=5, A <>53> 2>72KH5=8O, 8 42>@, A>45@68<K9 25AL<0 G8AB>, 8 :;0418I5, A ?>AK?0==K<8 ?5A:>< 4>@>6:0<8 2>:@C3 <>38;, 8 :@K;LF0 >B45;L=KE 4><>2, => G0A 1K; 5IQ AB>;L @0==89, GB> 2AQ 1K;> ?CABK==> 8 ?5@20O >154=O 5IQ =5 =0G8=0;0AL.  4>2>;L=> 4>;3> B0: A845; O, A;>2=> A>3;O40B09, 2KA<0B@820NI89 ?CBL 2 =5?@8OB5;LA:89 3>@>4, => ?@540==K9 <KA;O< 8 A<CB=K< 8 =52K@078<K<, :0: 2?5G0B;5=8O >B ?>701KB>3> A=0. 5GB0=8O <>8 ?@5@20; 1@0B $><0, ?@81;8782H89AO =5A;KH=> 8 ?@825BAB2>202H89 <5=O :0: 402=53> 4@C30, 8 O, :0: =8 BO3>AB=> <=5 1K;>, GB> ?>B@52>68;8 <>Q C548=5=85, ?>GB8 >1@04>20;AO MB>9 2AB@5G5, ?>4C<02 B>BG0A, GB> >B 8=:2878B>@0 <>6=> C7=0BL ?>4@>1=>AB8 > A5AB@5 0@88: 81> BQ<=>5 15A?>:>9AB2> =5 ?>:840;> <>59 4CH8. 4=0:> 1@0B $><0, 2<5AB> >B25B0 =0 2A5 <>8 2>?@>AK, ?>2Q; 4;8==CN 8 ;8F5<5@=CN @5GL > @072@0I5=88 25:0 A53> 8 =0G0; ?@>AB@0==> 60;>20BLAO, GB> ?>B0:0NB ?@>B5AB0=B0< A0<8 :=O7LO F5@:28. "0:, ?>=8782 3>;>A, A;>2=> <>3 =0A :B> CA;KH0BL, A>>1I8; >= <=5, GB> @E85?8A:>? Q;L=A:89, 5@<0=, A>AB>8B 2 4@C615 A -@07<><, 8 ?@8B>< 4>;3> I048; 5@5B8:>2 045@1>@=A:8E, 8 GB> 4065 =0H @E85?8A:>? >0==, 2 A28B5 :>B>@>3> <K >10 A>AB>8<, =5 ?>3=CH0;AO 70:;NG8BL A>N7 A $8;8??>< 5AA5=A:8<, >BJO2;5==K< ;NB5@0=F5<. G5=L <>65B 1KBL, GB> B0:85 :;525BK @0AAG8B0=K 1K;8 =0 B>, GB>1K CA;KH0BL, 2 A2>N >G5@54L, >B <5=O 4>=>AK =0 4@C38E ;8F, E>BO 1K =0 =0H53> 3@0D0, => O 1K; >G5=L >AB>@>65= 2 >B25B0E 8 ?>AB>O==> AB0@0;AO ?5@525AB8 @073>2>@ =0 B> A>1KB85, @048 :>B>@>3> 1K;> ?@54?@8=OB> 2AQ =0H5 ?CB5H5AB285.  :>=F5 :>=F>2 1@0B $><0 A:070; <=5: -- !5AB@C 0@8N <=>385 A;02OB :0: A2OBCN 8 C25@ONB, GB> >1;0405B >=0 40@>< 8AF5;OBL 1>;L=KE >4=8< =0;>65=85< @C:, :0: 1;03>G5AB8259H89 :>@>;L D@0=FC7A:89. =5, >4=0:>, A:@><=0O <>O >?KB=>ABL ?>4A:07K205B, GB> A5AB@0 MB0 A>AB>8B 2 A=>H5=8OE A LO2>;><, :>B>@K9 A=8A:0; 5Q 4>25@85, O2;OOAL : =59 ?> =>G0< 2 >1@075 8=:C10. "0:>9 3@5E, : A>60;5=8N, 2AQ G0I5 ?@>=8:05B 2 A2OBK5 >18B5;8, 8 =540@>< 2 8A0=88 A:070=> > 3@5H=8:5: "!5 -- BK ?>G8205HL =0 70:>=5 8 E20;8HLAO > >35". =O7L-@E85?8A:>? =0455BAO 873=0BL MB>3> 4CE0 A8;>N <>;8B2K 8 M:7>@F87<>2, => O B0: ?>;030N, GB> ?@84QBAO, A ?@8A:>@185<, ?@8153=CBL : 4>?@>AC 8 ?KB:5, GB>1K >1;8G8BL ?>@>G=CN 4CHC 8 =09B8 A>CG0AB=8:>2 ?@5ABC?;5=8O. >;LH53> O =5 <>3 4>18BLAO >B 8=:2878B>@0, 40 8 15A540 =0H0 2A:>@5 ?@5:@0B8;0AL, B0: :0: @0740;AO 2 <>=0ABK@5 72>=, ?@87K20NI89 2> E@0<. ! =0H59 2KA>BK 284=> 1K;>, :0: AQAB@K 2KE>48;8 87 425@59 >B45;L=KE AB@>5=89 8 25@5=8F0<8 BO=C;8AL G5@57 42>@ : F5@:28; => BIQB=> 2A<0B@820;AO O 2 <0;5=L:85 D83C@:8, :>B>@K5, 70 40;L=>ABLN @0AAB>O=8O 8 >45BK5 2 >48=0:>2K5 A5@K5 >4564K :;0@8AA8=>:, 2A5 1K;8 ?>E>68 4@C3 =0 4@C30 8 :070;8AL <0@8>=5B:0<8 C;8G=>3> B50B@0. >340 ?>A;54=NN 87 =8E ?>3;>B8;0 ?0ABL F5@:>2=KE 425@59 8 : =0< AB0;8 4>=>A8BLAO 72C:8 >@30=0, <K A 1@0B>< $><>N ?>?@>I0;8AL: >= =0?@028;AO A;CH0BL <5AAC, 0 O ?>HQ; @07KA:820BL 3@0D0. @0D0 70AB0; O C65 A>25@H5==> >45BK< 8 2 =0AB@>5=88 4CE0 A0<>< 25AQ;><, G5< 8 ?>AB0@0;AO 8A:CA=> 2>A?>;L7>20BLAO, GB>1K ?@>=8:=CBL A 53> ?><>ILN 2 <>=0ABK@L. =0O, =0 :0:CN ?@8<0=:C ;53G5 2A53> 53> ?>9<0BL, O =0?><=8; 5<C > 273;O40E =0 45<>=>2 7=0<5=8B59H53> 5<8AB0 ;5B>=0, 25@>202H53> 2 @50;L=>ABL 45<>=>2, ?>;030O 8E 1>30<8 B@5BL53> ?>@O4:0, :>B>@K5, ?>;CG82 1;03>40BL >B 52A0, 5N >E@0=ONB, C:@5?;ONB 8 2>72KH0NB ;N459. "0:65 C:070; O 3@0DC =0 2>7<>6=>ABL, GB> =5:>B>@K5 1>38 4@52=>AB8, ?5@5682 AB>;5B8O, 4>AB83;8 =0H53> 2@5<5=8 8 GB> =5 :B> 4@C3>9, :0: >46> @0GG>;8=>, ?>25AB2C5B > 4@52=5< 1>35 "@8B>=5, 87;>2;5==>< =0 5@53C 0;<0F88, 345 <5AB=K5 ?@0G:8 70:>;>B8;8 53> =0A<5@BL 20;L:0<8. -B8<8 8 ?>4>1=K<8 A>>1@065=8O<8 ?>AB0@0;AO O 2>71C48BL 2 3@0D5 8=B5@5A : A>1KB8O< 2 <>=0ABK@5, 8 =0:>=5F >=, B0: :0: 8 157 B>3> ?>4>10;> 5<C 1KBL 1;87 @E85?8A:>?0, >1JO28; <=5, =0?>;>28=C A<5OAL: -- C, GB> 6,  C?@5EB! A;8 B0: B51O 70=8<0NB MB8 0=35;K 8 45<>=K, 2A5;82H85AO 2 154=KE <>=0H5=>:, ?>94Q< 8 ?>8AA;54C5< MB> A>1KB85 =0 <5AB5. ">;L:> 70<5BL, GB> =8 &8F5@>=, =8 >@0F89 =8:>340 =5 ?>25AB2CNB =8 > GQ< ?>4>1=><. 5 <54;O, 2KH;8 <K 87 =0H59 ?0;0B:8, A?CAB8;8AL 2 4>;8=C @5G:8, ?5@5H;8 5Q ?> 42C< :0G0NI8<AO 65@4O<, B0=FCO, :0: 30C:;5@K, 8 A:>@> 1K;8 C65 C <>=0ABK@A:8E 2>@>B, 345 AB>@>682H0O <>=0H5=:0 ?>GB8B5;L=> 2AB0;0 ?@8 =0H5< ?@81;865=88 8 ?>:;>=8;0AL 7=0B=><C @KF0@N GCBL =5 75<=>. @0D ?@8:070; 59 >B25AB8 =0A : =0AB>OB5;L=8F5 <>=0ABK@O, A :>B>@>9 1K; =5A:>;L:> 7=0:><, 8 >=0 ?@>2>48;0 =0A G5@57 42>@ 8 A048: 2 >B45;L=K9 45@52O==K9 4><8:, 2 53> 2B>@>9 MB06, ?> H0B:>9 ;5AB=8F5, 8, N@:=C2 ?5@20O 2 425@L, ?>B>< >B2>@8;0 5Q, A=>20 =87:> :;0=OOAL 8 ?@83;0H0O =0A 2>9B8. 5AL MB>B <0;5=L:89 ?5@5E>4, ?CBL >B ?0;0B:8 3@0D0 4> :5;L8 =0AB>OB5;L=8FK, ?>G5<C-B> 70?><=8;AO <=5 =5>1K:=>25==>, A;>2=> 1K 2@570; <=5 2 ?0<OBL 53> :0@B8=C =5:89 3@02Q@, B0: GB> A59G0A 2KABC?0NB ?5@54> <=>9 >BGQB;82> 2A5 87381K 4>@>65:, 2A5 284K, <5=O2H85AO ?@8 ?>2>@>B0E, 2A5 :CABK ?> AB>@>=0<. 5;LO =0AB>OB5;L=8FK 1K;0 =525;8:0 8 2AO 70AB02;5=0 <515;LN, AB0@8==>9 8 BO6Q;>9, A> <=>65AB2>< A2OBKE 87>1@065=89 25745: AB0BC9 52K 0@88, @0A?OB89, GQB>:, ?>25H5==KE =0 AB5=5, @07;8G=KE 1;03>G5AB82KE :0@B8=>:. @8 2E>45 =0H5< =0AB>OB5;L=8F0, 65=I8=0 C65 25AL<0 ?>68;0O, 8<O :>B>@>9 2 <>=0H5AB25 1K;> 0@B0, => :>B>@0O ?@>8AE>48;0 87 7=0B=>3> 8 1>30B>3> 4><0, A845;0, A;>2=> 2AO >A;01=C2H0O, 2 3;C1>:>< :@5A;5, ?@8GQ< 1;87 =5Q 1K;0 B>;L:> 5Q :5;59=8F0, => =0?@>B82 C65 AB>O; :0: 4>:;04G8: 1@0B $><0, CA?52H89 2B5@5BLAO 8 AN40. @0D >G5=L ?>GB8B5;L=> =0720; A51O, =0?><=82 ?@56=55 7=0:><AB2>, 8 =0AB>OB5;L=8F0, =5A<>B@O =0 ?@5:;>==K5 3>4K, A;54CO, 25@>OB=>, CAB02C <>=0ABK@O, ?@825BAB2>20;0 53> B>65 25AL<0 =87:8< ?>:;>=><. 0:>=5F, ?>A;5 @07=KE 4@C38E CGB82>AB59, B@51C5<KE B5<, GB> 8B0;LO=FK =07K20NB bell parlare, 2A5 <K 70=O;8 A2>8 <5AB0, 3@0D A5; 2 4@C3>5 :@5A;> ?@>B82 =0AB>OB5;L=8FK, 0 O 8 1@0B $><0 AB0;8 A7048 =53>, :0: 1K ;N48 53> A28BK. ">;L:> B>340 =0:>=5F >1@0B8;AO @073>2>@ =0 A2>N 8AB8==CN B5<C 8 3@0D =0G0; @0AA?@0H820BL <0BL 0@BC > A5AB@5 0@88. -- E, 2KA>:>GB8<K9 3@0D! -- >B25G0;0 <0BL 0@B0, -- B> O ?5@568;0 70 ?>A;54=85 425 =545;8, GB> =8:>340, ?> <8;>A5@48N >68N, =5 G0O;0 8A?KB0BL 2> 225@5==>< <=5 <>=0ABK@5. >B A:>@> ?OB=04F0BL ;5B, ?> <5@5 A2>8E A;01KE A8;, ?0AC O AB04> <>8E >25F, 8 =0H0 >18B5;L 1K;0 4> A8E ?>@ C:@0H5=85< 8 3>@4>ABLN AB@0=K, =K=5 65 AB0;0 A>1;07=>< 8 ?@54<5B>< @074>@0. !:06C 20<, GB> 8=K5 B5?5@L 4065 1>OBAO ?@81;860BLAO : AB5=0< =0H53> <>=0ABK@O, C25@OO, GB> 2 =53> 2A5;8;AO LO2>; 8;8 F5;K9 ;538>= 7;KE 4CE>2. >A;5 B0:8E A;>2 3@0D AB0; 256;82> =0AB0820BL, GB>1K =0AB>OB5;L=8F0 @0AA:070;0 =0< ?>4@>1=> 2A5 A>1KB8O ?>A;54=53> 2@5<5=8, 8 >=0, =5 A@07C 8 =5>E>B=>, ?@8ABC?8;0 =0:>=5F : ?>4@>1=><C @0AA:07C, :>B>@K9 ?5@540< O 745AL 2 87;>65=88, 81> @5GL 5Q 1K;0 A;8H:>< ?@>AB@0==>9 8 =5 2> 2AQ< 8A:CA=>9. 5AOF0 ?>;B>@0 B><C =0704, ?> A;>20< <0B5@8 0@BK, ?@8H;0 : =59 15725AB=0O 452CH:0, =07202H0O A51O 0@859, 8 ?@>A8;0, GB>1K ?>72>;8;8 59 >AB0BLAO ?@8 <>=0ABK@5 E>BO 1K =0 4>;6=>AB8 A0<>9 ?>A;54=59 A;C60=:8. @8H54H0O ?>=@028;0AL =0AB>OB5;L=8F5 A2>59 A:@><=>ABLN 8 @07C<=>ABLN A2>59 @5G8, B0: GB>, ?>60;52 1574><=CN A:8B0;8FC, =5 8<52HCN A A>1>9 @5H8B5;L=> =8:0:8E 25I59, >=0 ?>72>;8;0 59 68BL 2 <>=0ABK@5. ! ?5@2KE 65 4=59 =>20O ?>A;CH=8F0 0@8O ?@>O28;0 @52=>ABL =5>1K:=>25==CN 2 8A?>;=5=88 2A5E F5@:>2=KE A;C61 8 CA5@485 =58AB>2>5 2 <>;8B25, G0AB> 2AN =>GL 4> ?5@2>9 >154=8 ?@>2>4O =0 :>;5=OE ?5@54  0A?OB85<. <5AB5 A B5< 70<5B8;8 2A:>@5, GB> <=>65AB2> GC45A=KE O2;5=89 A>?@>2>640;> 0@8N: 81> B> ?>4 @C:0<8 5Q =5A2>52@5<5==> @0A?CA:0;8AL =0 78<=8E AB51;OE F25BK; B> 2845;8 5Q 2 B5<=>B5 >A8O==>9 =5:88< A25B><, A;>2=> =8<1><; B>, :>340 <>;8;0AL >=0 2 F5@:28, @074020;AO 1;87 =5Q =56=K9 3>;>A, 8AE>482H89 87 =57@8<KE CAB, :>B>@K5 ?5;8 A2OBCN :0=B8:C; B> =0 ;04>=OE 5Q 2KABC?0;8 A2OBK5 AB83<0BK, A;>2=> >B ?@832>645=8O :> :@5ABC.  B> 65 2@5<O >B:@K;AO C A5AB@K 0@88 40@ GC4>B2>@5=8O, 8 >=0 AB0;0 8AF5;OBL 2A5E 1>;L=KE >4=8< ?@8:>A=>25=85<, 8 AB0;> 8E AB5:0BLAO 2 <>=0ABK@L 2AQ 1>;LH5 8 1>;LH5 87 >:@5AB=KE A5;5=89. ">340 =0AB>OB5;L=8F0 A?@>A8;0 C 0@88, :0:>9 A8;>9 B2>@8B >=0 MB8 GC45A0, 8 >=0 ?@87=0;0AL, GB> =5>BABC?=> A>?@>2>6405B 5Q >48= 0=35;, :>B>@K9 40QB 59 =0AB02;5=8O 8 ?>CG05B ?>42830< 25@K, ?@8GQ< >1JOA=8;0 MB> 2AQ AB>;L G8AB>A5@45G=>, GB> B@C4=> 1K;> CA><=8BLAO 2 5Q 8A?>2548. !QAB@K 65 <>=0ABK@O, 2>AE8IQ==K5 5Q 482=K<8 40@>20=8O<8, A>548=Q==K<8 : B><C 65 A :@09=59 A:@><=>ABLN 8 ?>GB8B5;L=>ABLN :> 2A5<, -- 1K;8 8A?>;=5=K ?;0<5==>9 : =59 ;N1>2LN, @04COAL, GB> 452CH:0, AB>;L A2OB0O, 2>H;0 2 8E A>N7, 8, :>=5G=>, =5 ?>G8B0;8 C65 5Q ?>A;CH=8F59, => @02=>9 A515 8;8 4065 ?5@2>9 A@548 4@C38E. AQ MB> 4;8;>AL 1>;55 B@QE =545;L, 8 70 MB> 2@5<O A;020 A5AB@K 0@88 2>7@0AB0;0 :0: 2 >:@C35, B0: 8 2 A0<>< <>=0ABK@5, 345 O28;8AL C =5Q ?>:;>==8FK ?@540==59H85, =5 ?>:8402H85 5Q =8 =0 H03, A;0282H85 5Q 4>1@>45B5;8 3@><>3;0A=> 8 ?>GB8 ?>:;>=O2H85AO 59, :0: =>2>9 ?@5?>4>1=>9. > A@548 >AB0;L=KE A5ABQ@ =0H;8AL, ?>=5<=>3C, 8 =54>1@>65;0B5;L=8FK, :>B>@K5 AB0;8 2KA:07K20BL A><=5=8O, ?>4;8==> ;8 >65A:8< =08B85< B2>@8B A2>8 8AF5;5=8O A5AB@0 0@8O 8 =5 5ABL ;8 2AQ ?@>8AE>4OI55 2 >18B5;8 =>2K5 :>7=8 4@52=53> 2@030 @>40 G5;>25G5A:>3> -- LO2>;0? 1@0B8;8 2=8<0=85, GB> O2;5=8O, 25745 A>?@>2>640NI85 A5AB@C 0@8N, =5 2A5340 ?>4>10;8 0=35;LA:>9 2>;5, 81> ?>@>9 A;KH0;8AL 1;87 =5Q :0: 1K C40@K =52848<K< :C;0:>< 2 AB5=C, 8;8 ?@8 =59 =5:>B>@K5 ?@54<5BK A0<8 A>1>9 24@C3 ?040;8, A;>2=> 1@>H5==K5, 8 B><C ?>4>1=>5. >B>< =5:>B>@K5 87 A5ABQ@, ?@81;8782H8EAO : A5AB@5 0@88, =0 8A?>2548 ?>:0O;8AL 4CE>2=8:C, GB> A =5402=8E ?>@ =0G0;8 8E 1>@>BL AB@0==K5 A>1;07=K, 0 8<5==>: =>GLN 2 8E :5;LOE AB0;8 8< O2;OBLAO >1@07K ?@5:@0A=KE N=>H59, :0: 1K A8ONI8E 0=35;>2, :>B>@K5 C3>20@820;8 2ABC?8BL A =8<8 2 ?;>BA:CN ;N1>2L. >340 >1> 2AQ< MB>< A:070;8 A5AB@5 0@88, >=0 25AL<0 >?5G0;8;0AL 8 ?@>A8;0 C42>8BL <>;8B2K, CA8;8BL ?>ABK 8 @52=>ABL 8=KE <>=0H5A:8E ?>4283>2, 3>2>@O, GB> B0<, 345 1;87:> A2OB>5, 2A5340 @KICB 8 4CE8 :>20@AB20, 8I0 ?>3C18BL 4>1@K5 A5<5=0. 4=0:>, E>BO A5AB@0 0@8O 8 5Q ?@825@65=8FK 459AB28B5;L=> <>;8;8AL =5CAB0==> 8 ?>425@30;8 A51O 2AO:>3> @>40 1;03>G5AB82K< 8A?KB0=8O<, ?@>O2;5=8O 7;>9 A8;K 2 <>=0ABK@5 AB0;8 CA8;820BLAO A :064K< 4=Q<. "08=AB25==K5 ABC:8 2 AB5=K, 2 ?>;, 2 ?>B>;>: A;KH0;8AL 25745, :0: 2 ?@8ACBAB288 A5AB@K 0@88, B0: 8 157 =5Q; ?@>:07;82K5 @C:8 ?> =>G0< >?@>:84K20;8 <515;L 8 4065 A2OBK5 ?@54<5BK, ?CB0;8 A>45@68<>5 2 OI8:0E, ?@>872>48;8 2AO:>3> @>40 15A?>@O4>: 2 :><=0B0E 8 E@0<5; ?>@>9 =58725AB=> :B> <5B0; A ?>;O 2 <>=0ABK@L BO6Q;K5 :0<=8, A;>2=> >AK?0O 53> O4@0<8, GB> 1K;> 25AL<0 AB@0H=>; 2 BQ<=KE ?@>E>40E AQAB@K >ICI0;8 ?@8:>A=>25=8O =57@8<KE ?0;LF52 8;8 24@C3 ?>?040;8 2 GL8-B> BQ<=K5 8 E>;>4=K5 >1JOB8O, GB> =0?>;=O;> 8E B@5?5B>< =5A:070==K<; 70B5< 45<>=K AB0;8 ?>:07K20BLAO 2>>G8N, 2 2845 GQ@=KE :>H5:, O2;O2H8EAO =5254><> >B:C40 8 7018@02H8EAO A<8@5==K< AQAB@0< ?>4 >4564C. 5@2>5 2@5<O =0AB>OB5;L=8F0 ?KB0;0AL 1>@>BLAO A 3@5E>< 8 =020645=85< C3>2>@0<8 8 <>;8B20<8; ?>A;5 <>=0ABK@A:89 A2OI5==8: G8B0; 4>AB>4>;6=K5 <>;8B2K 8 :@>?8; 2A5 ?>:>8 A2OB>9 2>4>9; 5IQ ?>A;5 ?@83;0A8;8 8725AB=>3> 70:;8=0B5;O 87 3>@>40, :>B>@K9 42>5 ACB>: B2>@8; M:7>@F87<K, 703>20@820; E;51 8 2>4C, A>@ 8 ?K;L, => A<OB5=85 B>;L:> 2AQ 2>7@0AB0;>. 845=8O AB0;8 O2;OBLAO 2> 2A5 G0AK 4=O 8 =>G8 8 2> 2A5E C3;0E: ?@87@0:8 ?>:07K20;8AL AQAB@0< 2> 2@5<O <>;8B2K, 2> 2@5<O >1540, =0 ?>AB5;8, B0<, :C40 H;8 >=8 70 A2>59 =C64>9, 2 :5;LOE, =0 42>@5, 2 F5@:28. !B0;8 @074020BLAO =58725AB=> >B:C40 72C:8 0@D, 8 AQAB@K =5 8<5;8 A8; >4>;5BL 8A:CH5=85 8 =0G8=0;8 ?;OA0BL 8 :@C68BLAO. 0:>=5F, 45<>=K AB0;8 2E>48BL 2 A5ABQ@ 8 >45@60BL 8E, B0: GB>, ?>25@3=C2 =0 ?>;, ?>425@30;8 2AO:8< A?07<0<, :>@G0< 8 <CG5=8O<. !5AB@0 0@8O, E>BO >=0 B>65 =5 871530;0 B0:8E ?@8?04:>2, ?@>4>;60;0 C25@OBL, GB> MB> ;8HL =0B8A:8 7;>3> 2>8=AB20, A :>8<8 4>;6=> 1>@>BLAO 2A5<8 A8;0<8, A;54CO C:070=8O< 5Q 0=35;0, 8 >AB020;8AL AQAB@K, :>B>@K5 ?@>4>;60;8 25@8BL 59 8 GB8BL 5Q. > 70B> B5< O@>AB=55 :;O;8 5Q 4@C385, 3>2>@O, GB> MB> >=0 =0?CAB8;0 ?>@GC =0 <>=0ABK@L, 8 >128=OO 5Q 2 ?0:B5 A 4LO2>;><, B0: GB> A>25@H8;>AL 25;8:>5 @0745;5=85 2 >18B5;8 8 @0A?@O ?>ABK4=0O 8 3C18B5;L=0O. ">340-B>, 2 B0:>9 :@09=>AB8, @5H5=> 1K;> >1@0B8BLAO : :=O7N-@E85?8A:>?C, :>5<C, ?> ?@55<AB2C >B A2OBKE ?>AB>;>2, 40=> 2 AQ< <8@5 2O70BL 8 @07@5H0BL 3@5E8 =0H8. >B GB> @0AA:070;0 =0< <0BL 0@B0, 2 4;8==>9 8 70?CB0==>9 @5G8, E>BO >=0 ?>2B>@O;0 5Q, ?>-2848<><C, =5 ?5@2K9 @07, 8, ?>:0 >=0 3>2>@8;0, C7=020; O A =5A><=5==>ABLN G5@BK 87 >1@070  5=0BK, B0: GB> AB@0E 8 >BG0O=85 @07>< 2A5;8;8AL 2 <>N 4CHC, B>65 :0: 45<>=K, 8 O A;CH0; ?>25AB2>20=85, :0: >AC64Q==K9 GB5=85 A<5@B=>3> ?@83>2>@0. >340 =0AB>OB5;L=8F0 :>=G8;0 @0AA:07, 3@0D, ?@>O282H89 : =5<C =5>6840==>5 4;O <5=O 2=8<0=85, A?@>A8;, =5;L7O ;8 ?@8720BL AN40 A5AB@C 0@8N, GB>1K 7040BL 59 =5A:>;L:> 2>?@>A>2. -- 5A:>;L:> 4=59, -- >B25G0;0 =0AB>OB5;L=8F0, -- GB> O 70?@5B8;0 59 2KE>48BL 87 :5;L8, 81> ?@8ACBAB285 5Q 2>71C6405B 2>;=5=85 -- 8 70 B@0?57>9, 8 2 G0AK A2OB>9 <5AAK. > B>BG0A O ?>H;N 70 =59 8 ?@8:06C ?@825AB8 5Q. 0BL 0@B0 A:070;0 2?>;3>;>A0 =5A:>;L:> A;>2 A2>59 :5;59=8F5, 8 B0, ?>:;>=82H8AL, 2KH;0, 0 O, ?@8 <KA;8, GB> A59G0A C286C  5=0BC, 5420 <>3 AB>OBL =0 =>30E 8 ?@8=C645= 1K; >?5@5BLAO =0 AB5=C, :0: G5;>25: A>2A5< ?LO=K9.  <564C B5<, :0: ?>A;CH=8F0 E>48;0 70 A5AB@>9 0@859, =0AB>OB5;L=8F0 A:070;0 3@0DC A;54CNI55: -- KA>:>GB8<K9 3@0D! /, GB> 1K =8 1K;>, => 4>;6=0 A:070BL 20<, GB>, A> A2>59 AB>@>=K, >128=8BL 154=CN 0@8N =5 <>3C =8 2 GQ<. 5 7=0N, 25@=> ;8, GB> A>?@>2>6405B 5Q 0=35; >689, => C15645=0, GB> ?> 2>;5 A2>59 =5 2ABC?0;0 >=0 =8 2 :0:>9 A>N7 A 45<>=><. 86C, GB> >=0 >G5=L =5AG0AB=0, 8 A53>4=O 60;5N 5Q AB>;L 65, :0: 2 45=L, :>340 >=0, =58<CI0O 8 3>;>4=0O, ?@8H;0 ?@>A8BL C <5=O ?@8NB0. 0 MB8 1;03>@>4=K5 A;>20 3>B>2 O 1K; ?0ABL =0 :>;5=8 ?5@54 ?>GB5==>9 65=I8=>9, => BCB >B2>@8;0AL 425@L, 8 2A;54 70 :5;59=8F59, B8E>9 ?>ABC?LN, A 3;070<8 >?CI5==K<8, 2 >45645 <>=0E8=8, A ?>:@KB>9 3>;>2>9, 2>H;0 --  5=0B0 8, A45;02 =87:89 ?>:;>=, >AB0=>28;0AL ?5@54 =0<8. / =5 <>3 =5 C7=0BL 5Q, E>BO 1K 8 2 =5A2>9AB25==>< 59 A5@>< >45O=88 :;0@8AA8=:8, =5 <>3 =5 C7=0BL 5Q ;8F0, ;N18<>3> 2A5<8 A8;0<8 <>53> A5@4F0, 7=0:><>3>, :0: A0<K9 4>@>3>9 2 687=8 >1@07, -- E>BO 8 ?>1;54=52H53>, 87<>64Q==>3> AB@040=8O<8 ?>A;54=8E =545;L.  5=0B0 1K;0 2AQ B0 65, :0:>9 O 7=0; 5Q, B> 8AABC?;Q==>-AB@0AB=>9, B> 2 ?>A;54=5< 15AA8;88 >BG0O=LO, B> 2 =5>1C740==>< 3=525, B> A?>:>9=>-@0AAC48B5;L=>9 A@548 :=83, B> <8;>9, 4>1@>9, ;0A:>2>9, =56=>9, :@>B:>9, :0: 48BO, A 45BA:8<8 3;070<8 8 A 45BA:8<8, GCBL-GCBL ?>;=K<8 3C10<8, -- 8 O, 2 B>B <83, ?>B5@O2 ?>A;54=55 >1;040=85 A>1>9, =52>;L=> 2>A:;8:=C;, >1@0I0OAL : =59: --  5=0B0! A5, 1K2H85 2 :><=0B5, =52>;L=> >15@=C;8AL :> <=5, 81> 4> B>9 <8=CBK O =5 2K<>;28; =8 A;>20, 0  5=0B0, =5 A45;02 =8 42865=8O, B>;L:> ?>4=O;0 =0 <5=O A2>8 OA=K5 3;070, >4=> <3=>25=85 A<>B@5;0 <=5 ?@O<> 2 ;8F> 8 ?>B>< ?@>87=5A;0 B8E> 8 @0745;L=>: -- B>948 >B <5=O, !0B0=0! @0D, 87C<;Q==K9, A?@>A8; <5=O: --  0725 BK,  C?@5EB, 7=05HL MBC 452CH:C? > O C65 ?>1>@>; A2>Q 2>;=5=85, ?>=O2, GB> 2AO =045640 4;O <5=O 70:;NG05BAO 2 A>1;N45=88 B09=K, 8 >B25B8;: -- 5B, <8;>AB82K9 3@0D, O 286C B5?5@L, GB> >H81AO: MB>9 O =5 7=0N. ">340 3@0D A0< >1@0B8;AO A 2>?@>A>< : A5AB@5 0@88: -- !:068B5 <=5, <8;0O 452CH:0: 7=05B5 2K, 2 GQ< 20A >128=ONB? !2>8< >1KG=K<, >G5=L ?52CG8<, 3>;>A><, 2 :>B>@>< B5?5@L 1K;>, >4=0:>, =5>1KG=>5 A<8@5=85,  5=0B0 >B25G0;0: -- >A?>48=! / ?@8H;0 AN40 8A:0BL <8@0, ?>B><C GB> 87<CG8;0AL A;8H:><, 8 =5 >1@0I0;0AL =8 : :><C A <>;L1>9, :@><5 :0: : A52KH=5<C >3C. A;8 2@038 <>8 8ICB ?>3C18BL <5=O, <>65B 1KBL, C <5=O 8 =54>AB0=5B A8; A =8<8 1>@>BLAO. >4C<02, 3@0D A?@>A8; 5IQ: -- 840;8 ;8 2K A0<8 :>340-;81> 45<>=>2?  5=0B0 >B25G0;0 A 3>@4>ABLN: -- / 2A5340 >B =8E >B2>@0G820;0AL! ">340 3@0D 7040; A2>9 B@5B89 2>?@>A: --  2K 25@8B5 2 ACI5AB2>20=85 7;KE 4CE>2?  5=0B0 2>7@078;0: -- / 25@N =5 2 7;KE 4CE>2, => 2 A;>2> >685, :>B>@>5 >1 =8E A2845B5;LAB2C5B. @0D C;K1=C;AO 8 A:070;, GB> 1>;LH5 5<C A?@0H820BL ?>:0 =5 >1 G5<, 8  5=0B0, A=>20 =87:> ?>:;>=82H8AL, ?>:8=C;0 :5;LN, =5 273;O=C2 =0 <5=O 2B>@8G=>, 0 O >AB0;AO, ?>B@OAQ==K9 MB>9 2AB@5G59 1>;55, G5< A0<K< AB@0H=K< 2845=85<. 5 ?><=N O, > GQ< ?>A;5 B>3> 3>2>@8;8 <564C A>1>9 3@0D 8 <0BL 0@B0, =>, 2?@>G5<, @073>2>@ 8E 2A:>@5 ?@5@20;AO, 81> ?@81560;0 A5AB@0-:;NG=8F0, 3>2>@O, GB> 53> 2KA>:>?@5?>4>185 ?@8:07K205B =5<54;5==> 2A5< AQAB@0< 8 2A5< ?@85E02H8< A =8< A>1@0BLAO 2 F5@:28. 0AB>OB5;L=8F0, :>=5G=>, B>@>?;82> 2AB0;0, >B4020O ?@8:070=8O, 0 3@0D >1@0B8;AO :> <=5 8 A:070;: -- >94Q< 8 <K,  C?@5EB. 0 ?>G5<C 65 BK B0: 1;545=? >A;54=55 70<5G0=85 ?>:070;> <=5, GB> O =5 AC<5; CB08BL >B 4@C38E A2>53> A<CI5=8O, 8 ?>B><C O A45;0; 2A5 CA8;8O, GB>1K A>E@0=8BL A?>:>9=K9 284, A68<0O 7C1K 4> 1>;8 8 =0?@O30O 2AN A2>N 2>;N. >340 2KE>48;8 <K 87 4><8:0, 345 68;0 =0AB>OB5;L=8F0, 1@0B 8=:2878B>@, 84O A7048 3@0D0, A?@>A8; <5=O, ?>-2848<><C, =5 157 :>20@AB20: -- 'B> 2K B5?5@L 4C<05B5 > A5AB@5 0@88: =5 1K;8 ;8 A;>20 <>8, 20< A:070==K5 CB@><, 8AB8=>N? / 2>7@078;: -- C<0N, GB> BCB =C6=> 5IQ ?>4@>1=>5 8AA;54>20=85, 81> <=>385 AB>@>=K 45;0 4;O <5=O B5<=K. @0B 8=:2878B>@ @04>AB=> ?>4E20B8; <>N <KA;L 8 AB0; @0A?@>AB@0=OBL 5Q B0:: -- K, :>=5G=>, ?@02K, 8 <K >10 A 20<8 2848<, GB> 8AB8==>3> A;54AB28O ?@>872545=> 5IQ =5 1K;>. @5645 2A53> 4>;6=> CAB0=>28BL, GB> 745AL 8<55B <5AB> (81> 2;8O=85 4LO2>;0 A><=5=8N C65 =5 ?>4;568B): >45@60=85 8;8 >2;045=85; possessio sive obsessio.  ?5@2>< A;CG05 MB8 >1A5@20B8=:8, 8 >A>15==> MB0 A5AB@0 0@8O, 3@5H=K A>N7>< A 45<>=0<8, :>8E 4>?CAB8;8 >=8 2 A0<>5 A2>Q B5;>; 2> 2B>@>< 28=>20BK >=8 ;8HL A;01>ABLN 4CE0, GB> ?>72>;8;8 15A0< 872=5 C?@02;OBL A>1>N. =>3> ACI5AB2C5B A@54AB2 : >B:@KB8N MB>3>, :0:, =0?@8<5@: C >45@68<KE =5 84QB :@>2L, 5A;8 ?>@570BL B5;> =>6><, 1;03>A;>282 53>; >=8 <>3CB 45@60BL :@0A=K9 C3>;L 2 @C:5, =5 >16830OAL; B0:65 =5 B>=CB 2 2>45, 5A;8 BC40 1@>A8BL 8E A2O70==K<8, 8 B><C ?>4>1=>5. 0B5< =5>1E>48<> 2KOA=8BL, ?@8G8=O;8 ;8 28=>2=K5 CI5@1 ;8HL A2>59 4CH5 8;8 B0:65 8 >:@C60NI8<: 872>48;8 ;8 >=8 =03>2>@0<8 A:>B 8 ;N459, 45;0;8 ;8 65=I8= 15A?;>4=K<8, =0?CA:0;8 ;8 4>648 8 BC<0=K, ?>4K<0;8 ;8 1C@8, 2K:0?K20;8 ;8 B@C?K <;045=F52 8 ?>4>1=>5. 0:>=5F, =04;568B CAB0=>28BL B>G=>, :0:85 8<5==> 45<>=K ?@>O28;8 745AL A2>N 1>3><5@7:CN 45OB5;L=>ABL, 8E 8<5=0, 8E 87;N1;5==K5 2=5H=85 >1;8:8 8 B5 70:;OB8O, :>8< >=8 ?>4G8=ONBAO, -- 401K 2?>A;54AB288 ;53G5 1K;> ?@>B82>AB>OBL 8E 3C18B5;L=><C 2;8O=8N. @0B 8=:2878B>@ 3>2>@8; 5IQ <=>3>5 4@C3>5, => O ?>AB0@0;AO =5 A;CH0BL 53> 480;5:B8:8, 81> :070;>AL <=5, GB> :064>5 53> A;>2> >1@K730=> ><5@78B5;L=>9, O4>28B>9 A;N=>9. !B0@0OAL >1@5AB8 C548=5=85 A@548 A2>8E A?CB=8:>2, O =0G0; ?@> A51O H5?B0BL <>;8B2K, 81> =5 : :><C <=5 1K;> >1@0B8BLAO, :@><5 A52KH=53>, 8 3>2>@8; B0:: ">A?>48, 5A;8 E>G5HL BK, GB>1K O 2 B51O 25@>20;, A45;09 B0:, GB>1K A53>4=O 2AQ >1>H;>AL 1;03>?>;CG=>!"  ?>8AB8=5, >B A5@4F0 1K;0 <>O <>;8B20, 8 <=5 E>G5BAO 2A?><=8BL A;>20 1>65AB25==>3> !?0A8B5;O >1 BF5 =0H5< =515A=><: "ABL ;8 <564C 20<8 B0:>9 G5;>25:, :>B>@K9, :>340 AK= 53> ?>?@>A8B C =53> E;510, ?>40; 1K 5<C :0<5=L?" II 54;5==> ?>42830OAL 2?5@Q4, 4>H;8 <K 2AQ 65 4> 425@59 E@0<0, 345 C65 B>;?8;>AL =5<0;> =0@>40, 81> A>1@0;8AL =5 B>;L:> 2A5 ?@85E02H85 A 0@E85?8A:>?><, => 8 <=>385 87 >:@5AB=KE 68B5;59, 0, :>=5G=>, 1K;> 1K ;N1>?KB=KE, 65;0NI8E 2845BL A2>53> :=O7O 8 53> 1>@L1C A 45<>=0<8, 8 3>@074> 1>;LH5, => ?> 53> A>1AB25==><C ?@8:070=8N ?@>ABKE :@5ABLO= 2 <>=0ABK@L =5 ?@>?CA:0;8, 8 >=8 B>;?8;8AL 70 2>@>B0<8. ;O =0A, :>B>@K5 H;8 A 3@0D><, ?@>E>4 2 F5@:>2L 1K;, @07C<55BAO, A2>1>45=, 8 B>BG0A >:070;8AL <K ?>4 :@5AB>2K<8 A2>40<8 AB0@8==>3> E@0<0, BQ<=>3>, C3@N<>3>, 3C;:>3>, => =5 ;8HQ==>3> A2>53> 25;8G8O, 8 O AB0; 2A<0B@820BLAO 2 @O4K A5@KE <>=0H5=>:, 602H8EAO, :0: 8A?C30==0O AB0O 3>;C159, ceu tempestate columbae, :0: 3>2>@8B 5@38;89 0@>=, 2A5 2 >4=>9 AB>@>=5; =>  5=0BK A@548 =8E =5 1K;>. @0D, 0 1;87 =53> 8 O A 1@0B>< $><>N, 70=O;8 <5AB0 =0 ?5@2>9 A:0<L5, 8 =0 =5A:>;L:> <8=CB, ?>:0 4;8;>AL >1I55 <>;G0;82>5 8 B><8B5;L=>5 >6840=85, C3;C18;AO O 2 3>@5AB=K5 2>A?><8=0=8O > B5E 4=OE, :>340 2 4@C38E F5@:20E, B0OAL 70 :>;>==0<8, B0: 65 2K8A:820; O 3;070<8  5=0BC. / 7=0;, GB> A59G0A >=0 2>94QB AN40, GB> O 2=>2L C286C 5Q, 8 >B MB>3> A>7=0=8O <>Q A5@4F5 2 3@C48 :>;>B8;>AL, :0: A5@4F5 @>1:>9 OI5@8FK, :>B>@CN AE20B8;0 3@C10O @C:0 G5;>25:0. !:@8? 425@8 70AB028; <5=O ?>4=OBL 3;070, 8 O C2845;, :0: 87 A0:@8AB88, A 42C<O A2>8<8 :5;59=8F0<8, 2KH;0 A=0G0;0 <0BL 0@B0, 70 =59, ?>BC?82 3;070, => ?>ABC?LN B2Q@4>9 --  5=0B0, 0 A59G0A 65 ?>A;5 =8E, 5420 ?@>H;8 >=8 : 4@C38< AQAB@0<, -- :=O7L-@E85?8A:>?, 2 A>?@>2>645=88 42CE ?@5;0B>2 8 <>=0ABK@A:>3> A2OI5==8:0. @E85?8A:>? 1K; 2 B>@65AB25==>< >1;0G5=88, H8B>< 7>;>B><, A M?8B@0E8;LN =0 ?;5G0E, A 1>30BK< 5?8A:>?A:8< ?>A>E>< 2 @C:5, 2 8=DC;5, 5IQ 1>;55 @>A:>H=>9, =565;8 =0 25G5@5 2 70<:5, ?> @C1F0< C=870==>9 4@03>F5==K<8 :0<5=LO<8, A25@:0NI8<8 ?@8 A25B5 7066Q==KE, =5A<>B@O =0 ?>;45=L, 2>A:>2KE A25G, 8 2A5, ?@8 53> 2E>45, ?0;8 =0 :>;5=8. @E85?8A:>? A ?@5;0B0<8 ?@>HQ; ?@O<> : 0;B0@N, 345, B0:65 AB02 =0 :>;5=8, ?@>GQ; <>;8B2C "Omnipotens sempiterne Deus", 8, :>340 :>=G8;, 2AO F5@:>2L 2 >48= 3>;>A >B25B8;0: "Amen", 2 B>< G8A;5 8  5=0B0, :>B>@0O, >48=>:> >B 4@C38E, 2?5@548 A:0<55:, AB>O;0 =0 :>;5=OE, =0 284C C 2A5E. >B><, 2AB02 8 >1@0B82H8AL : =0<, @E85?8A:>? 3>;>A>< 3@><:8< 8 GQB:8< 2>7720;: "Te invocamus, te adoramus" 8 40;55, 8 <K 2A5 >B25G0;8 5<C B5< 65. 0:>=5F, 1;03>A;>282 2>4C, >= MB>9 >A2OIQ==>9 2>4>9 1@K7=C; =0 2A5 G5BK@5 AB@0=K A25B0 8, A52 =0 0@E85?8A:>?A:>5 :@5A;>, ?@8:070;  5=0B5 ?@81;878BLAO. 7>@K <>8 1K;8 A2O70=K A >1@07><  5=0BK B0: ?@>G=>, GB>, 4C<0N O, =8:0:0O A8;0 2 BC <8=CBC =5 <>3;0 1K ?>25@=CBL <>N 3>;>2C 2 4@C3CN AB>@>=C, 8 O 2845; :064>5 <0;59H55 :>;510=85 >4564K  5=0BK, :>340, <54;5==> ?>4=O2H8AL, >=0 A45;0;0 =5A:>;L:> H03>2 2?5@Q4 8 2=>2L, ?5@54 A0<K< :@5A;>< 0@E85?8A:>?0, >?CAB8;0AL =075<L. @E85?8A:>? A45;0; 7=0: :@5AB0 =0 5Q G5;5, 2>7;>68; 1;03>A;>2;ONI5 @C:8 =0 5Q 3>;>2C 8 ?@>87=QA =>2CN <>;8B2C "Benedicat te omnipotens Deus, Pater et Filius et Spiritus Sanctus", :>B>@CN 2KA;CH0;0  5=0B0 2 B8E>9 ?>:>@=>AB8 8 =0 :>B>@CN 2A5 <K 2=>2L >B25G0;8 "Amen". # <5=O 65, ?>:0 4;8;8AL 2A5 MB8 >1@O4K, B0: :0: 2845; O, GB> 2> 2AQ<  5=0B0 ?@>O2;O;0 A51O 25@=>9 4>G5@LN A2OB>9 F5@:28 8 GB> =5 1K;> =8:0:8E A;54>2 ?@8ACBAB28O 7;>9 A8;K, -- 2>7=8:;0 @04>AB=0O =045640, GB> 2AQ <>65B >1>9B8AL 1;03>?>;CG=>, A;>2=> ?5@20O ?>;>A:0 OA=5NI59 70@8, ?@>3;O=C2H0O 2> BL<5 <>59 4CH8. >A;5 2B>@>9 <>;8B2K 0@E85?8A:>? >?OBL 2AB0; 8 >1@0B8;AO : =0< 2A5< A B0:>9 @5GLN: -- >7;N1;5==K5 1@0BLO 8 A5AB@K! >AB0B>G=> 254><>, GB> 4CE "L<K ?@8=8<05B G0AB> >1;8: 0=35;0 !25B0, GB>1K B5< 25@=55 A>1;07=8BL 8 ?>3C18BL A;01K5 4CH8. > =0 B> 8 40= =0< 4CE>2=K9 <5G, GB>1K >BA5GL 2 B0:>< A;CG05 5<C ?>ABK4=CN <>@4C, 8 <K ?@87K205< 20A =5 AB@0H8BLAO 1>;55. "K 65, ;N157=0O 4>GL =0H0, >B25BL =0<: :0:>5 8<55HL BK A2845B5;LAB2>, GB> 2845=8O B2>8 >B >A?>40, 0 =5 >B LO2>;0? "CB 2=>2L CA;KH0; O 3>;>A  5=0BK, B8E89, A45@60==K9, => OA=K9, 8 >=0 A:070;0: -- KA>:>GB8<K9 >B5F! / =5 7=0N, >B :>3> <>8 2845=8O, => B>B, :B> O2;O5BAO <=5, 3>2>@8B <=5 > >35 8 > >1@5, ?@87K205B <5=O : 687=8 =5?>@>G=>9 8 :;O=5B <>8 ?@53@5H5=8O, -- :0: 65 O 5<C =5 ?>25@N? > 5420 B>;L:>  5=0B0 :>=G8;0 MB8 A;>20, :0: 24@C3, :@C3>< =5Q, 2 ?>;, A;>2=> 1K 87=87C, @0740;8AL 1KAB@K5 8 ?>@K28ABK5 C40@K, B5 A0<K5, > :>B>@KE 3>2>@8;0 >=0, GB> MB> ABCG0B "<0;5=L:85".  B>B 65 <83 2 F5@:28 ?@>87>H;> 25;8:>5 A<OB5=85: A@548 A5ABQ@ ?>A;KH0;8AL 2A:@8:8, 2A5 70H525;8;8AL, 8 O A0< =5 <>3 ?@5>4>;5BL 2=570?=>3> C60A0, ?>B@OAH53> <5=O, 0 @E85?8A:>?, 3=52=> 8 <>I=> C40@82 ?>A>E><, 2>A:;8:=C;: -- 'L8 MB> :>7=8? >B25G09! =5 ;8F0  5=0BK =5 1K;> 284=>, => ?> 4@>68 5Q 3>;>A0 O ?>=O;, GB> >=0 -- 2 25;8G09H5< 2>;=5=88, 8 3>;>A>< >G5=L B8E8< >=0 ?@>87=5A;0: -- B5F! -B> -- 2@038 <>8. @E85?8A:>?, =5 B5@OO >1;040=8O A>1>9, =0G0; 70:;8=0=85, 3>2>@O A=0G0;0 =0 =0H5< O7K:5: -- KABC?8 2?5@Q4, BQ<=K9 4CE, 565;8 >1@Q; BK A515 ?@8AB0=8I5 2 MB>< A2OB>< <5AB5! "K -- >B5F ;68, 8 @07@CH8B5;L 8AB8=K, 8 2K4C<I8: =5?@02>BK; C7=09 65, :0:>9 ?@83>2>@ ?@>87=5AQB =K=5 =0H0 ?@>AB>B0 B2>8< 8AE8I@5=8O<!  0725 65 BK, >AC64Q==K9 4CE, =5 ?>4G8=8HLAO 2>;5 =0H53> !>740B5;O? "K 2?0; 2 A<5@B=K9 3@5E 8 =8725@65= 1K; A> A2OB>9 3>@K 2 BQ<=K5 ?@>?0AB8 8 2 1574=K ?@58A?>4=59. K=5 65, 3=CA=>5 A>740=85, :B> 1K BK =8 1K;, : :0:>9 04A:>9 85@0@E88 =8 ?@8=04;560;, => 5A;8, ?> ?>?CI5=8N >68N, BK >1<0=>< 2B>@3AO 2 4>25@85 A8E 1;03>G5AB82KE 65=I8=, <K =07K205< BF0 A5<>3CI53>, <K C<>;O5< !K=0 A:C?8B5;O, <K ?@87K205< 1;03>A;>25==>3> CE0 !2OB>3> ?@>B82 B51O! , 4@52=89 7<89! B51O 0=0D5<AB2C5<, B51O 873>=O5<, B51O ?@>:;8=05<, >B B2>8E 45O=89 >B@8F05<AO, MB> <5AB> B515 2>A?@5I05<, 40 1568HL, CABK65==K9, C=865==K9, 873=0==K9, 2 <5AB0 AB@0==K5 8 1572>4=K5, 2 ?CABK=8 C60A=K5, ;N4O< =54>ABC?=K5, 8 B0<, ?@OG0AL 8 3@K7O C74C A2>59 3>@4>AB8, 40 >68405HL BK AB@0H=>3> 4=O ?>A;54=53> !C40! 5 =0A<5QHLAO BK =04 A;C68B5;L=8F0<8 8ACA0 %@8AB0, =5 >1<0=5HL =8:>3> 87 =8E, 1538 ?>A?5H=>, CE>48 A:>@>, >AB02L 8E ?>:;>=OBLAO >3C 2 <8@5! > ?>:0 @E85?8A:>? ?@>87=>A8; MB8 ?@>:;8=0=8O 8 70:;8=0=8O, ABC:8 =5 B>;L:> =5 ?@5:@0I0;8AL, => 2AQ 2>7@0AB0;8 8 =0G0;8 @074020BLAO C65 =5 B>;L:> 2 ?>;C, => 2 A:0<LOE, 2 AB5=0E F5@:28 8 4065 4>=>A8;8AL A 5Q 2KA>:8E :@5AB>2KE A2>4>2, ?@8GQ< A8;0 8E C25;8G820;0AL, 8 C65 :070;>AL, GB> C40@ONB A> 2A53> @07<0E0 <>3CG8< <>;>B><. <5AB5 A B5< C25;8G820;>AL 8 A<OB5=85 2 F5@:28, 81> <=>385 87 7@8B5;59 2 AB@0E5 8A:0;8 2KE>40, 0 A@548 A5ABQ@ ?>4=O;AO :@09=89 ?5@5?>;>E: >4=8 87 =8E B@5?5B=> ?@868<0;8AL 4@C3 : 4@C3C, :0: >2FK ?@8 ?>O2;5=88 2>;:0, 4@C385 65, =5 2K45@602, :@8G0;8  5=0B5 ?@>:;OB8O 8 C:>@K.  A0<0  5=0B0 >AB020;0AL =5?>4286=>9, :0: AB0BCO, 2K@570==0O 87 45@520, =5 ?>4K<0OAL A :>;5=, => 8 =5 =0:;>=OO 3>;>2C, A;>2=> 1K 2AQ, ?@>8AE>482H55 2>:@C3, 5Q =5 :0A0;>AL. 0:>=5F, 87 @O4>2 A5ABQ@, >4=0 <>=0E8=O, N=0O 8 :@0A820O, A:>;L:> <>3 O @073;O45BL, 24@C3 2K@20;0AL 2?5@Q4, 2K1560;0 =0 A5@548=C F5@:28, 45;0O AB@0H=K5 42865=8O 8 GB>-B> :@8G0 =5?>=OB=>5, 0 ?>B>< ?>25@3;0AL =0 ?>; 8 =0G0;0 18BLAO 2 B>< ?@8?04:5 >45@60=8O, :0:85 A;CG0;>AL <=5 =01;N40BL C  5=0BK. "CB, 2 AB@0E5 8 A<CI5=88, 2A5 ?>2A:0:0;8 A> A2>8E <5AB, 8 O B>65 CAB@5<8;AO : C?02H59 452CH:5 8 2845;, :0: >=0 AB@0H=> 2KBO3820;0AL, ?@8GQ< 682>B 5Q 2K?CG820;AO ?>4 >4564>9, A;>2=> 1K >=0 24@C3 AB0=>28;0AL 15@5<5==>9. > @E85?8A:>? 2;0AB=K< 3>;>A>< ?@8:070; 2A5< >AB020BLAO =5?>4286=K<8. >B><, ?@81;8782H8AL : =5AG0AB=>9, >= 25;5; ?@5;0B0< :@5?:> A2O70BL 5Q A2OBK<8 M?8B@0E8;O<8, GB>1K >=0 =5 <>3;0 18BLAO, 8, 1@K7=C2 2 ;8F> 59 A2OB>9 2>4>N, A?@>A8; 3@><:>, >1@0I0OAL : =59: -- 45AL ;8 BK, ?@>:;OBK9 A5OB5;L A<CBK?  A2O70==0O A5AB@0 >B25G0;0, ?@8GQ< CAB0<8 5Q 3>2>@8; 2>H54H89 2 =5Q 45<>=, B0:: "/ 745AL!" -B8< >B25B>< <K 1K;8 ?>@065=K 1>;LH5, G5< 2A5< ?@54H5AB2>202H8<, 0 @E85?8A:>? A?@>A8; A=>20: -- 0:;8=0N B51O 8<5=5< >30 682>3>, >B25G09: BK 7;>9 4CE? !5AB@0 >B25G0;0: "0!" @E85?8A:>? A?@>A8;: -- "K B>B, :>B>@K9 A>1;07=8; A5AB@C 0@8N ?>4 >1;8:>< 0=35;LA:8<? !5AB@0 >B25G0;0: "5B, 81> =0A 745AL <=>3>". @E85?8A:>? A?@>A8;: -- B25G09, A :0:>9 F5;LN 87<KA;8;8 2K A59 >1<0= 8 ;>6=K<8 ;8:0<8 >1>;LAB8;8 A;C68B5;L=8F >30? B25B0 =5 ?>A;54>20;>, 8 @E85?8A:>? A?@>A8; A=>20: -- <5;8 ;8 2K ?>ABK4=>5 =0<5@5=85 ?>3C18BL 25G=>5 1;065=AB2> A8E 1;03>G5AB82KE A5ABQ@ 8 2A5 >1I568B85 >B A2OB>AB8 >1@0B8BL 2 =5G5AB85? !5AB@0 >B25G0;0: "0!" @E85?8A:>? A?@>A8;: -- B25G09: 8<5;8 ;8 2K A>>1I=8F A@548 A5ABQ@ MB>9 >18B5;8? !5AB@0 >B25G0;0: "0!" @8 MB>< >B25B5 2A5, B>;?82H85AO 2:@C3, A>4@>3=C;8AL, 0 @E85?8A:>? A?@>A8;: -- B> 65 1K; B0:>9 A>>1I=8F59? 5 B0 ;8, 2 B5;5 :>B>@>9 BK A59G0A >1@5B05HLAO? !5AB@0 >B25G0;0: "5B!" @E85?8A:>? A?@>A8;: -- ">340 =5 A5AB@0 ;8, 8<5=CNI0O A51O 0@8O? !5AB@0 >B25B8;0: "0!" / ?>=O; 2 MBC <8=CBC, GB> B> 1K; ?@>87=5AQ= A<5@B=K9 ?@83>2>@  5=0B5, 0 @E85?8A:>?, 2=>2L 1@K7=C2 A2OB>9 2>4>9 =0 ?>25@65==CN 8 A2O70==CN A5AB@C, =0G0; 70:;8=0BL >45@60I53> 5Q 45<>=0, GB>1K >= 2KH5; 87 5Q B5;0. -- CE ;C:02K9 8 ?>@>G=K9, -- 3>2>@8; @E85?8A:>?, -- ?@8:07K20N B515 -- ?>:8=L MB> B5;>, :>B>@>5 =5?@02> 871@0; BK A2>8< <5AB>?@51K20=85<, 81> >=> 5ABL E@0< CE0 !2OB>3>. 7K48, 7<5O, ?>1>@=8: E8B@>AB8 8 <OB560! 7K48, E8I=K9 2>;:, ?>;=K9 2AOG5A:>9 A:25@=K! 7K48, :>7Q;, AB@06 A28=59 8 2H59! 7K48, O4>28BK9 A:>@?8>=, ?@>:;OB0O OI5@8F0, 4@0:>=, @>30B0O 3048=0! >25;520N B515 8<5=5< 8ACA0 %@8AB0, 254CNI53> 2A5 B09=K, 848 2>=! @8 MB>< ?>A;54=5< 70:;8=0=88 A2O70==0O A5AB@0 AB0;0 >A>15==> A8;L=> 18BLAO 8 AB>=0;0 C65 >B A2>53> ;8F0: -- = 84QB! = 84QB! = 2 <>59 3@C48! = 2 <>59 @C:5! = C <5=O 2 ?0;LF0E! > <5@5 B>3> :0: >=0 3>2>@8;0, 274CB85 5Q 682>B0 ?5@5E>48;> A=0G0;0 =0 3@C4L, ?>B>< =0 ?;5G>, ?>B>< >=0 ?@8?>4=O;0 225@E A2O70==K5 @C:8 8 =0:>=5F >AB0;0AL =5?>4286=>9, :0: 1>;L=>9, >15AA8;5==K9 AB@0H=K< ?@8ABC?>< 1>;57=8. @0B $><0 3>2>@8; ?>A;5, GB> >= 8 =5:>B>@K5 4@C385 A =8<, 2845;8 45<>=0, 2K;5B02H53> 87 ?0;LF52 =5AG0AB=>9, 2 2845 <0;5=L:>3> G5;>25G:0, 15AD>@<5==>3> 8 157>1@07=>3>, :>B>@K9 8 C=QAAO =0 4K<=>< >1;0:5 2 F5@:>2=CN 425@L, >AB0282 ?> A515 7;>2>=85, => O, E>BO =01;N40; 2AQ ?@>8AE>482H55 ?@8AB0;L=>, =5 2845; B0:>3> 2845=8O 8 B0:>3> 70?0E0 =5 70<5B8;. >340 65 15A=>202H0OAO A5AB@0 CB8E;0 8 AB0;> OA=>, GB> >45@602H89 45<>= 5Q ?>:8=C;, @E85?8A:>? ?@8:070; 5Q C=5AB8, 81> >=0 84B8 =5 <>3;0, 0 A0< =0?@028;AO 2=>2L :  5=0B5, 8 <K 2A5 2A;54 70 =8<.  5=0B0, 2> 2AQ 2@5<O 70:;8=0=8O 15A=>202H59AO A5AB@K, >AB020;0AL 2 AB>@>=5 >B =0A, AB>O ?>-?@56=5<C =0 :>;5=OE 8 =5 45;0O 4065 ?>?KB:8 >15@=CBL : =0< ;8F>. 5A:>;L:> @07 2;5:;> <5=O ?>4>9B8 : =59 8 703>2>@8BL A =59, => C45@6820;0 <KA;L, GB> MB8< O 2K40< A2>N 1;87>ABL : =59, B>340 :0: ?><>GL 59 8, <>65B 1KBL, A?0AB8 5Q <>3 O B>;L:> 2 B>< A;CG05, 5A;8 <5=O 1C4CB AG8B0BL 59 GC68< 8 4065 2@06451=K<. >MB><C, ?@5>4>;520O AB@0AB=>5 2;5G5=85, O >AB020;AO 240;8 >B =5Q, 2<5AB5 A> 2A5<8, 8, B>65 2<5AB5 A> 2A5<8, ?@81;878;AO : =59 ;8HL B>340, :>340 2=>2L : =59 ?>4>HQ; @E85?8A:>?. 0 MB>B @07 O ?>AB0@0;AO AB0BL B0:, GB>1K O <>3 2845BL ;8F>  5=0BK 8 GB>1K >=0 <5=O 2845;0, => 2K@065=85 5Q ;8F0, AB>;L <=>N 87CG5==>3>, =5 ?@5425I0;> <=5 =8G53> 4>1@>3>, 81> B>BG0A 70<5B8; O, GB> 2K@065=85 :@>B>AB8 A<5=8;>AL =0 =Q< 2K@065=85< AC@>2>AB8 8 C?>@AB20, -- 8 =>2K9 B><OI89 AB@0E CI5<8; <=5 A5@4F5. >;65= O ?@81028BL : MB><C, GB> B08=AB25==K5 ABC:8, E>BO =5A:>;L:> ?@8B8E;8 =0 2@5<O 15A54K 0@E85?8A:>?0 A 45<>=><, >4=0:> =5 A<>;:0;8 A>25@H5==> 8 ?>@>N 2AQ 5IQ @074020;8AL B> 2 AB5=0E, B> 2 ?>;C, B> ?>4 A2>40<8. 5@=C2H8AL : 0;B0@N, 0@E85?8A:>? ?@8:070;, 2 7=0: ?5G0;8, ?>30A8BL 2>A:>2K5 A25G8, ?>B><, >1@0B82H8AL :  5=0B5, C40@8; AC@>2> ?>A>E>< ?> :0<5==>9 ?;8B5 8 2>7720;: -- !5AB@0 0@8O! 48= 87 2@03>2 =0H8E, :>53>, A ?><>ILN >A?>4=59 8 40==>9 =0< A2KH5 2;0ABLN, ?>=C48;8 <K ?>:8=CBL B5;> >4=>9 87 A5ABQ@ B2>8E, A>>1I8; =0<, GB> BK =0E>48HLAO 2 3@5E>2=>< ?0:B5 A 4LO2>;LA:8<8 A8;0<8. 09AO ?5@54 =0<8 2 >3>>BABC?=8G5AB25 A2>Q<.  5=0B0 ?>4=O;0 3>;>2C 8 >B25B8;0 B2Q@4>: -- 5?>28==0 O 2 3@5E5, :>B>@K9 BK =0720;. 'CBL >=0 MB> A:070;0, 24@C3 @0740;8AL B0:85 ?>B@OA0NI85 C40@K :@C3><, A;>2=> 1K 2A5 AB5=K E@0<0 @0AA540;8AL 8 @CH8;8AL 8;8 A;>2=> 1K ?CH:8 A2>8<8 O4@0<8 8 AB5=>18B=K5 >@C48O A2>8<8 B0@0=0<8 3@><8;8 =0A A> 2A5E AB>@>=.  3C;5 8 3@>E>B5 C40@>2, 1KAB@> A;54>202H8E >48= 70 4@C38<, <8=CBC =8G53> =5;L7O 1K;> A;KH0BL, 8 2A5 ?@8ACBAB2CNI85 ?0;8 =8F 2>:@C3 @E85?8A:>?0, ?@>AB8@0O : =5<C @C:8, :0: : 548=AB25==><C G5;>25:C, A?>A>1=><C A?0AB8 8E. = 65, 2AQ-B0:8 =5 CB@0B82 A8;C 4CE0, CAB@5<8; 2?5@Q4 ?>A>E, :0: <038G5A:89 657;, 8, >1@0I0OAL C65 =5 :  5=0B5, => : 45<>=C, :>B>@>3> ?>;030; 2A5;82H8<AO 2 =5Q, 2>A:;8:=C; ?>25;8B5;L=>: -- ;>9 4CE! "5<, B> ?@8254Q= 1K; ?5@54 080DC, ?5@2>A2OI5==8:0 8C459A:>3>, 1K; A?@0H8205< 8 4020; >B25B, 70:;8=0N B51O, >B25G09 <=5: BK ;8 -- ?@>B82=8: >689 8 A;C30 =B8E@8AB>2? ">340  5=0B0 24@C3 2AB0;0 A :>;5= 8, A<>B@O ?@O<> =0 0@E85?8A:>?0, >B25G0;0, >B GL53> 8<5=8, =5 7=0N: -- !2OBK< 8 B08=AB25==K< 8<5=5< >30, 4>=08, :;O=CAL 8 A2845B5;LAB2CN: O -- A;C68B5;L A52KH=53>, ?@54AB>OI89 C B@>=0 3>!  A=>20 >B25B 5Q A>?@>2>640;AO AB@0H=K< 3@>E>B><, => 2 B> 65 2@5<O =5A:>;L:> A5ABQ@, 2K@202H8AL 87 @O4>2, 1@>A8;8AL :  5=0B5, ?@8=8:;8, AB02 =0 :>;5=8, : 5Q =>30<, 8 2>A:;8F0;8 2 157C<88: --  <K! 8 <K! A2845B5;LAB2C5<! !5AB@0 0@8O -- A2OB0O! Ecce ancilla Domini! Ora pro nobis!  :@09=59 O@>AB8 @E85?8A:>?, 25AL :@0A=K9 >B =0?@O65=8O, A ;8F><, ?> :>B>@><C AB@C8;AO ?>B, 2>7720;: -- @>GL, :>20@=K9 4CE! Vade retro! 5B8, >?><=8B5AL! > 452CH:8 ?@>4>;60;8 2>?8BL, >1=8<0O :>;5=8  5=0BK, :>B>@0O AB>O;0, A> 27>@0<8, CAB@5<;Q==K<8 22KAL; AB@0H=K5 ABC:8 ?@>4>;60;8AL :@C3><, 8 2>;=5=85 2A5E 4>AB83;> B0:>3> =0?@O65=8O, GB> =8:B> C65 =5 <>3 2;045BL A>1>9, => 2A5 :@8G0;8, ?;0:0;8 8;8 E>E>B0;8 8AABC?;5==>. / 2845;, GB> A0< @E85?8A:>? =0:>=5F ?>B@OAQ=, =>, 5IQ @07 2>72KA82 3>;>A, =0G0; >= >48= 87 A0<KE A8;L=KE M:7>@F87<>2 2 B0:8E 2K@065=8OE: -- Per Christum Dominum, per eum, qui venturus est iudicare vivos et mortuos, obtemperare! Spiriti maligni, damnati, interdicti, exterminati, extorsi, jam vobis impero et praecipio, in nomine et virtute Dei Omnipotentis et lusti! In icti oculi discedite omnes qui operamini iniquitatem! 4=0:> >= 1K; 5IQ 40;Q: >B :>=F0, :>340 A=0G0;0 >4=0 A5AB@0, ?>B>< 4@C30O, A E>E>B>< 8 @K40=85<, ?>25@3;8AL =0 ?>;, B0: :0: 8<8 >2;045;8 AB>@>682H85 BCB 4CE8, 8 B>BG0A <=>385 4@C385 B>65 =5 <>3;8 CAB>OBL >B ?@8ABC?0 =0 8E B5;0 7;KE A8;. 5AG0AB=K5 452CH:8, >4=0 70 4@C3>9, 24@C3 A> AB>=>< ?040;8 8 AB@0H=> 18;8AL > :0<5==K5 ?;8BK ?>;0, 2K:@8:820O 8;8 1>3>EC;5=8O, =07K20O A0<>3> @E85?8A:>?0 A;C68B5;5< LO2>;0, 8;8 @5G8 =5G5AB82K5, 25;8G0O A5AB@C 0@8N =525AB>N 0=35;0 =515A=>3>. @8:8, AB>=K, E>E>B, 1>3>EC;LAB20, 60;>1K, ?@>:;OB8O -- 2A5 A<5H820;>AL A B08=AB25==K<8 ABC:0<8 =57@8<KE @C: 8 A> A<OB5=85< 4@C38E 7@8B5;59, :>B>@K5, ?>B@OAQ==K5 C60A><, H0B0OAL, :0: ?LO=K5, AB0@0;8AL 1560BL : 2KE>4C, 8 =5 1K;> 2 MB>9 B>;?5 =8 >4=>3> G5;>25:0, :>B>@K9 C45@60; 1K >1;040=85 A>1>9: B0: 25;8:0 1K;0 A8;0 45<>=>2, 15AA?>@=>, 70?>;>=82H8E 25AL E@0<. / B>65 ?>GC2AB2>20;, GB> 3>;>20 <>O :@C68BAO, GB> 3>@;> <>Q A60B>, GB> 2 3;070E C <5=O ?>B5<=5;>, 8 <=5 B>65 E>B5;>AL :8=CBLAO :  5=0B5, AB0BL ?5@54 =59 =0 :>;5=8, >1=OBL 5Q =>38 8 :@8G0BL 2 ;8F> @E85?8A:>?C, GB> >=0 -- A2OB0O, 8, <>65B 1KBL, ?@>4;8AL B0:>5 ?>;>65=85 5IQ <8=CBC, O 1K MB> 8A?>;=8;. 20 1K;> G5;>25:0, :>B>@K5 2 MB>< 8AABC?;5=88 A>E@0=O;8 =5:>B>@>5 A?>:>9AB285: @E85?8A:>?, 2AQ 5IQ ?>2B>@O2H89, E>BO 8 4@>3=C2H8< 3>;>A><, A;>20 M:7>@F87<>2, C65 =5A;KH=K5 2 >1I5< HC<5, 8  5=0B0; >1=8<0O @C:0<8 A2>8E 25@=KE ?@825@65=8F, A@548 :@8:>2 8 AB>=>2, A@548 A;02>A;>289 8 ?@>:;OB89, AB>O;0 >=0 ?@O<> ?@>B82 @E85?8A:>?0, CAB@5<82 3;070 22KAL, =5?>4286=>ABL ;8F0 5Q :070;0AL :@5?>ABLN 3@0=8B=>9 A:0;K A@548 O@>AB8 271CH5202H8EAO 2>;=, -- => 2 B>B A0<K9 <83, :>340 O, 701K2 2A5 A2>8 @0AGQBK, C65 3>B>2 1K; B0:65 :8=CBLAO : =59, 24@C3 2 5Q 3;070E ?@>87>H;0 @078B5;L=0O ?5@5<5=0. / C2845;, GB> G5@BK 5Q 4@>3=C;8, GB> 3C1K 5Q 8A:@828;8AL A=0G0;0 GCBL 70<5B=>, ?>B>< <3=>25==0O AC4>@>30 A25;0 5Q ;8F>, 2> 27>@0E 5Q 24@C3 >B@078;AO =5A:070==K9 C60A, -- 8 2 >48= 8 B>B 65 <83 8 O ?>=O;, GB> ?@>87>H;> A =59, 8 >=0 2>A:;8:=C;0 >BG0O==K< 3>;>A><: -- >65 <>9! >65 <>9! >GB> "K <5=O >AB028;! A;54 70 B5< 8 >=0 2 ?@8?04:5 >45@60=8O @CE=C;0 2 3@C4C ?@8=8:02H8E : =59 A5ABQ@, :>B>@K5, A;>2=> ?>4G8=OOAL ?@8:070=8N, B>BG0A 65 2A5 =0G0;8 B0:65 <5B0BLAO, 8 18BLAO, 8 :@8G0BL. ">340 ?>A;54=89 ?>@O4>: =0@CH8;AO 2 MB>< A>1@0=88, 8 :@C3><, :C40 1K =8 :8=CBL 27>@, 284=K 1K;8 B>;L:> 65=I8=K, >45@68<K5 45<>=0<8, 8 >=8 B> 1530;8 ?> F5@:28, 8AABC?;5==>, :@82;OOAL, C40@OO A51O 2 3@C4L, @07<0E820O @C:0<8, ?@>?>254CO; B> :0B0;8AL ?> 75<;5, 2 >48=>G:C 8;8 ?>?0@=>, 873810OAL 2 :>@G0E, A68<0O 4@C3 4@C30 2 >1JOB8OE, F5;CO >4=0 4@C3CN, 2 O@>AB8 AB@0AB8, 8;8 :CA0OAL, :0: 725@8; B>, A84O =0 >4=>< <5AB5, 48:> 8A:@82;O;8 ;8F0 3@8<0A0<8, 2K:0BK20;8 8 70:0BK20;8 3;070, 2KA>2K20O O7K:8, E>E>B0;8 8 A<>;:0;8 =5>6840==>, 8 24@C3 >?@>:84K20;8AL =027=8GL, C40@OOAL G5@5?>< > :0<5=L; >4=8 87 =8E 2>?8;8, 4@C385 A<5O;8AL, B@5BL8 ?@>:;8=0;8, G5B2Q@BK5 1>3>EC;LAB2>20;8, ?OBK5 ?5;8; 5IQ >4=8 A28AB5;8 ?>-7<58=><C, 8;8 ;0O;8 ?>-A>10GL8, 8;8 E@N:0;8, :0: A28=L8; -- 8 MB> 1K; 04, 1>;55 AB@0H=K9, G5< B>B, :>B>@K9 O2;5= 1K; 27>@0< 0=B5 ;8385@8.  MB> A0<>5 2@5<O C2845; O <564C A>1>9 8 @E85?8A:>?><, AB>O2H8< 2 >F5?5=5=88, 24@C3 2K=K@=C2HCN, A;>2=> 87-?>4 ?>;0, D83C@C 4><8=8:0=F0 1@0B0 $><K, :>B>@K9 8 2>A:;8:=C; 3>;>A>< @57:8< 8 2;0AB8B5;L=K<, 5<C =5A2>9AB25==K<: -- 5=I8=K MB8 ?>28==K 2 :@09=59 5@5A8 8 O2=KE ?;>BA:8E A=>H5=8OE A LO2>;><! B 8<5=8 53> A2OB59H5AB20 70O2;ON, GB> ?>4;560B >=8 AC4C A2OB>9 =:2878F88. / A;KH0;, :0: ABC:=C; >1 ?>; ?>A>E, :>B>@K9 2K?0; 87 @C: @E85?8A:>?0, ?>@06Q==>3> MB8<8 ?@>ABK<8 A;>20<8, 2 E0>A5 A>25@H0NI53>AO, 1>;55, G5< B@C1=K< 72C:>< A =510, -- => >B25B0 =0 @5GL 1@0B0 $><K O C65 =5 A;KH0;. 0: 783703=0O <>;=8O, ?@>@570;0 <=5 3>;>2C <KA;L, GB> MB> -- ?>A;54=OO <8=CB0, GB>1K A?0AB8  5=0BC, 8 GB>, <>65B 1KBL, 5IQ 4>ABC?=> <=5 2K@20BL 5Q >BAN40, C=5AB8, E>BO 1K ?@>B82 5Q 2>;8, :0: C=>AOB C<0;8HQ==KE 87 ?K;0NI53> 4><0. 5 4C<0O > ?>A;54AB28OE, > A?>A>10E 2K9B8 87 <>=0ABK@O, >E@0=O5<>3> AB@0659, :8=C;AO O :  5=0B5, A>4@>302H59AO =0 ?>;C 8 5IQ >?;5BQ==>9 @C:0<8 A2>8E ?>4@C3, 8 C65 :>A=C;AO 5Q B0: ;N18<>3>, B0: <=5 4>@>3>3> B5;0, :>340 C2845; O, GB> 1@0B $><0 >AB>@>6=> >BAB@0=O5B <5=O 8 GB> >:>;> C65 E;>?>GCB =5A:>;L:> AB@5;:>2, 2 F5@:28 =5 ?@8ACBAB2>202H8E, 0 ?@8254Q==KE B5?5@L, :>=5G=>, 8=:2878B>@>< 8 A>E@0=82H8E 2AQ A?>:>9AB285 2>8=>2. @0B $><0 A:070; <=5: -- !2OB0O @52=>ABL >1>;LI05B 20A, 1@0B  C?@5EB! #A?>:>9B5AL. -B8 ;N48 8A?>;=OB 2AQ, :0: 4>;6=>. / 2845;, :0: AB@5;:8 @E85?8A:>?0 15AAB@0AB=> A2O7K20;8 @C:8 15AGC2AB25==>9  5=0B5 8 ?>4K<0;8, GB>1K =5AB8 5Q :C40-B>. IQ =5 ?><=OI89 A51O, O, =5 A;CH0O A;>2 8=:2878B>@0, A=>20 1@>A8;AO 2?5@Q4 8 3>B>2 1K; 2ABC?8BL 2 @C:>?0H=CN AE20B:C A MB8<8 ;N4L<8, GB>1K 2K@20BL C =8E 4@03>F5==CN =>HC. > BCB ?>GC2AB2>20; O, GB> :B>-B> 27O; <5=O 70 @C:C, 8 B> 1K; 3@0D 40;L15@B, :>B>@K9 A:070; <=5 AB@>3>: --  C?@5EB, BK B5@O5HL @0AAC4>:! ;0AB=> 8 ?>GB8 =0A8;L=> ?>2Q; >= <5=O ?@>GL, G5@57 2AN F5@:>2L, : 2KE>4=K< 425@O<; O ?>28=>20;AO 5<C 1572>;L=>, :0: @51Q=>: AB0@H5<C, 8 <K 24@C3 2KH;8 =0 A25689 2>74CE 8 =0 A25B A>;=F0, 0 70 =0<8 5IQ A;KH0;8AL 8 2>?;8, 8 AB>=K, 8 2873, 8 E>E>B =5AG0AB=KE, >45@68<KE 45<>=0<8. ;020 15. 0:  5=0BC AC48;8 8=:2878F8>==K< AC4>< ?>4 ?@54A540B5;LAB2>< @E85?8A:>?0 I @>4>;60O 45@60BL <5=O 70 @C:8, 3@0D ?@>2Q; <5=O G5@57 25AL <>=0ABK@A:89 42>@, 2K25; 2 2>@>B0, 8 <K, ?5@594O =51>;LH>9 ;C6>: A =5A:>;L:8<8 ?>A545;K<8 25B;0<8, @O4>< A5;8, A;>2=> ?> C3>2>@C, =0 A:;>=5 >1@K20, =04> @2><, :>B>@K< 1K;8 >12545=K AB5=K <>=0ABK@O. 45AL 3@0D A:070; <=5: --  C?@5EB! >;=5=85 B2>Q =5>1KG=>. ;O=CAL 8?5@8>=><, BK 2 MB>< 45;5 70B@>=CB 1>;55 2A5E =0A! 1JOA=8 <=5 2AQ, :0: B>20@8IC. # <5=O 2 B>B G0A, 2>8AB8=C, 2> 2AQ< <8@5 =5 1K;> 4@C3>3> B>20@8I0, 0 >?0A5=8O 8 =04564K, B5A=82H85AO 2 4CH5, 8A:0;8 2KE>40, ?>4>1=> ?B8F0<, 70?5@BK< 2 B5A=>9 :;5B:5, 8 O, :0: B>=CI89, :>B>@K9 E20B05BAO 70 ?>A;54=NN >?>@C, -- @0AA:070; 3@0DC 2AQ: :0: 2AB@5B8;  5=0BC, :0: <K ?@>68;8 A =59 78<C, A;>2=> <C6 8 65=0, ?@8GQ< B>;L:> ?@8GC4;82>ABL 5Q E0@0:B5@0 ?><5H0;0 =0< 70:@5?8BL MB>B A>N7 ?5@54 0;B0@Q<, :0:  5=0B0 2=570?=> <5=O ?>:8=C;0 8 :0: O C7=0; 5Q B5?5@L 2 A5AB@5 0@88; C<>;G0; O B>;L:> >1 8AB8==KE ?@8G8=0E ?>1530  5=0BK, >1JOA=82 53> 5Q A>:@CH5=85< > 3@5E0E 8 65;0=85< ?>:0O=8O, -- 0 70:>=G8; A2>Q ?>25AB2>20=85 ?@>AL1>9, >1@0IQ==>9 : 3@0DC, ?><>GL <=5 2 <>Q< AB@0H=>< ?>;>65=88. -- >A;54=85 =545;8, -- 3>2>@8; O, -- :0: 2K A0<8, <8;>AB82K9 3@0D, <>3;8 70<5B8BL, O :0:-B> ?@8<8@8;AO 8;8, ;CGH5 A:070BL, A2K:AO A <KA;LN, GB> @07;CG8;AO A  5=0B>N =02A5340. > 5420 O C2845; 2=>2L 5Q ;8F>, :0: 2AO ;N1>2L 2 <>59 4CH5 >68;0, :0: $5=8:A, 8 O >?OBL ?>=8<0N, GB> MB0 65=I8=0 <=5 4>@>65 A>1AB25==>9 687=8. 564C B5< 15760;>AB=0O AC4L10, 25@=C2 <=5  5=0BC, 2 B> 65 2@5<O 1@>A05B 5Q 2 @C:8 8=:2878F88, 8 2A5 C;8:8 MB>3> 45;0 3>2>@OB <=5, GB> O B0: GC45A=> >1@Q; ?>B5@O==CN ;8HL 70B5<, GB>1K ?>B5@OBL 5Q >:>=G0B5;L=>! 'B> <>3C O ?@54?@8=OBL 4;O A?0A5=8O A2>9 2>7;N1;5==>9, -- O, >48=, ?@>B82 2;0AB8 8=:2878B>@0, ?@>B82 2>;8 @E85?8A:>?0 8 ?@>B82 A8;K 53> AB@5;:>2 8 AB@068? A;8 2 20A, 3@0D, =5 =094C O ?>445@6:8 8 70I8BK, 5A;8 2 20A =5B :> <=5 A>AB@040=8O, =5 >AB0=5BAO <=5 =8G53> 4@C3>3>, :0: @0718BL A515 3>;>2C > AB5=C B>9 BN@L<K, 345 70:;NG5=0  5=0B0! @81;878B5;L=> B0: 3>2>@8; O 3@0DC, 8 >= A;CH0; <5=O A 1>;LH>9 GCB:>ABLN 8 >B45;L=K<8 2>?@>A0<8, :>B>@K5 704020; <=5, ?>:07K20;, GB> AB0@05BAO 2=8:=CBL 2 <>N 8AB>@8N. >340 65 O :>=G8;, >= A:070; <=5: -- >@>3>9  C?@5EB! "2>O AC4L10 B@>305B <5=O 682>, 8 O 40N <>Q @KF0@A:>5 A;>2>, GB> >:06C B515 2AO:>5 A>459AB285, :0:>5 1C45B 2 <>8E A8;0E. >A;54>202H85 A>1KB8O 4>:070;8, GB> 3@0D A2>59 @KF0@A:>9 G5ABLN =5 HCB8;, 81>, ?KB0OAL >:070BL <=5 ?><>IL ?@>B82 8=:2878B>@0, A<5;> ?>425@3 >= >?0A=>AB8 A2>Q 2KA>:>5 ?>;>65=85, => 2AQ 65 O 2>2A5 =5 C25@5=, GB> 459AB2>20; >= B0: ?> @0A?>;>65=8N 8;8 CG0AB8N :> <=5. 14C<K20O B5?5@L ?>2545=85 3@0D0, O ?>;030N, GB> @C:>2>48;> 8<, 2>-?5@2KE, 65;0=85 ?@>O28BL A51O 8ABK< 3C<0=8AB><, 70I8I0O A5AB@C 0@8N >B 87C25@AB20 8=:2878B>@0, 81> 2 @50;L=>ABL >45@60=8O >= =8:0: =5 E>B5; 25@8BL; 2>-2B>@KE, -- 402=OO =5?@8O7=L : 0@E85?8A:>?C, 53> ;5==><C 3>A?>48=C, =0<5@5=8O :>B>@>3> ?@8OB=> 5<C 1K;> @07@CH8BL; 2-B@5BL8E, =0:>=5F, N=>H5A:0O ;N1>2L : ?@8:;NG5=8O< 8 2AO:>3> @>40 ?@>:070<, B0 A0<0O, :>B>@0O ?>4A:070;0 5<C A;>6=CN 8 =5 45HQ2CN HCB:C A 4>:B>@>< $0CAB><. 4=0:>, A0<> A>1>9 @07C<55BAO, MB8 A>>1@065=8O =5 <5H0NB <=5 ?>=K=5 >B4020BL 4>;6=>5 B><C CG0AB8N, :>B>@>5 3@0D ?@>O28; ?> >B=>H5=8N :> <=5, 8 2A?><8=0BL >1 =Q<, :0: > G5;>25:5, 5A;8 8 =5 A>25@HQ==><, B>, 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05, 1;03>@>4=>< 8 A 4CH>9 GCB:>9. ! G0A0 B>3> @073>2>@0 3@0D ?@8=O; =0 A51O @C:>2>4AB2> <>8<8 ?>ABC?:0<8 8 =0G0; 45@60BL A51O A> <=>N, :0: AB0@H89 1@0B A <;04H8<. >340, ?>A;5 =0H53> >1JOA=5=8O, <K ?>H;8 >1@0B=> 2 ;035@L, O 4>@>3>N AB@>8; 45AOB:8 ?;0=>2, :0: =0< A:>@55 2K@CG8BL  5=0BC, ?@8GQ< 2A5 MB8 ?;0=K A2>48;8AL : B><C, GB> 4>;6=> =0< C7=8FC 2K@20BL 87 B5<=8FK =0A8;85<. @0D 1;03>@07C<=> C:07K20; <=5, GB> A@54AB20 4@C3>9 AB>@>=K 3>@074> 7=0G8B5;L=55 =0H8E, GB> 5A;8 4065 2A5 ;N48 3@0D0 1C4CB ?>28=>20BLAO =0< 15A?@5:>A;>2=>, 2AQ 65 ?@>B82 >:065BAO 2AO A8;0 <=>3>G8A;5==>9 AB@068 @E85?8A:>?0, 53> 65 2;0ABL, :0: :=O7O, 2;0ABL 8 2;8O=85 8=:2878B>@0 8, 25@>OB=>, 2AQ =0A5;5=85 <5AB=>AB8, >B=>AOI55AO 2@06451=> : :>;4C=LO<, B0: GB> ?@54?>GB8B5;L=55 1K;> 4;O =0A 459AB2>20BL E8B@>ABLN, ?@815@530O H?038 4;O ?>A;54=59 :@09=>AB8. AB0B>: @07C<=>3> A<KA;0 =5 <>3 =5 ?>4B25@48BL <=5, GB> 3@0D 2 MB>< A?>@5 45@60;AO 70 AB@5<O ?@02>BK, 8 <=5 =5 >AB020;>AL =8G53> 4@C3>3>, :0: CABC?8BL MB8< 4>2>40<, A:;>=82 ?>4 =8E 4CHC, :0: 2>; 3>;>2C ?>4 O@<>. @8254O <5=O 2 A2>N ?0;0B:C, 3@0D 25;5; <=5 B0< 4>6840BLAO 53>, 8 O >AB0;AO =5A:>;L:> G0A>2 2 2K=C645==>< 8 BO3>AB=>< 4;O <5=O 157459AB288, >B40==K9 =0 4>1KGC E8I=K< <KA;O< 8 15A?>I04=K< <5GB0<. >;LHCN G0ABL MB>3> 2@5<5=8 ?@>2Q; O ;560 =8G:>< =0 @07>AB;0==>9 <54256L59 H:C@5, A;CH0O 185=85 A2>53> A5@4F0 8 =5 AB0@0OAL >1J548=8BL 2 AB@>9 B5 >1@07K, :>B>@K5, >48= 70 4@C38<, 2>7=8:0;8 2 <>Q< 2>>1@065=88, A;>2=> 2A04=8:8 =0 :>A>3>@5, 8 8AG570;8, ?@>1;5AB52 <8=CBC 2 A25B5 A>;=F0. "> <=5 ?@54AB02;O;>AL, :0:  5=0B0 ;568B =0 3@O7=>< 8 E>;>4=>< ?>;C 2 BQ<=>< ?>475<5;L5, B> -- :0: ?0;0G8 ?>425@30NB 5Q 8ABO70=8O< 8 E8B@K< <C:0<, B> -- :0: =5ACB 5Q B@C?, GB>1K 70@KBL 70 :;0418I5=A:>9 >3@04>9, B>, =0?@>B82, -- :0: O 2K2>6C 5Q 87 BN@L<K, A:0GC A =5N =0 :>=5 ?> ?>;N, 54C A =59 70 :50=, =0G8=0N =>2CN 687=L 2 >2>< !25B5... >@>9 >E20BK20; <5=O B0:>9 AB@0E >B <>8E 2845=89, GB> O 2A:0:820; =0 =>38 ?>@K28AB>, 3>B>2 1K; :C40-B> 1560BL, GB>1K GB>-=81C4L ?@54?@8=OBL, => A8;>N 2>;8 8 4>2>40<8 ;>38:8 O >?OBL ?@8:>2K20; A51O : A2>5<C ;>6C 8 70AB02;O; A51O 2=>2L, :0: ?@074=>3> 7@8B5;O, A<>B@5BL =0 AF5=K, @07K3@K205<K5 ?5@54> <=>N =0 ?>4<>AB:0E <5GBK. K;> C65 40;5:> 70 ?>;45=L, :>340 :> <=5, C65 ?>GB8 87=5<>3H5<C >B >48=>G5AB20 8 =58725AB=>AB8, 2>HQ; =0:>=5F 3@0D, => >= =5 70E>B5; >B25G0BL <=5 =0 <>8 AB@0AB=K5 2>?@>AK, =5 C7=0; ;8 >= G53> =>2>3> > AC4L15 A5AB@K 0@88, 8 ?>;CHCB;82>, ?>;C=0AB028B5;L=> 70O28;, GB> @0=LH5 =5>1E>48<> =0< ?>>1540BL, 81> A CB@0 <K =5 ?@8:0A0;8AL : ?8I5. "O3>AB=0O 1K;0 B> B@0?570, :>340 =0H A;C30 87 70<:0, 8E5;L, ?>4020; =0< =570B59;82K5 1;N40, 873>B>2;5==K5 =0 ?@820;5, :>B>@K5 <K <>3;8 70?820BL ;CGH8< :@0A=K< 0@1;59E5@B>< 87 <>=0ABK@A:8E ?>3@51>2, 8 :>340 3@0D, 45;0O 284, GB> =5 70<5G05B <>53> C=K=8O, C?>@=> 2K7K20; <5=O =0 @073>2>@ > @07=KE 4@52=8E 8 A>2@5<5==KE ?8A0B5;OE. >, =0A8;CO A2>N <KA;L, O 2AQ 65 =52>;L=> ?CB0; 8<5=0 02B>@>2 8 =0720=8O :=83, G5< 2>71C640; 25AQ;K9 A<5E 3@0D0, <=5 :0702H89AO 2 B>B G0A :0: 1K :>IC=AB25==K<. >340 65 =0:>=5F =0H >154 ?@8HQ; : :>=FC, 3@0D, <>O ?>A;5 54K @C:8, A:070; <=5: --  B5?5@L,  C?@5EB, 15@8 A2>N G5@=8;L=8FC 8 84Q< 2 <>=0ABK@L: A59G0A =0G=QBAO 4>?@>A B2>59  5=0BK. / O2=> ?>GC2AB2>20;, :0: IQ:8 <>8 >B MB>3> A>>1I5=8O ?>15;5;8, 8 2 A8;0E 1K; B>;L:> ?>2B>@8BL ?>A;54=85 A;>20: -- >?@>A  5=0BK?  3@0D, 2=570?=> AB02 A>25@H5==> A5@LQ7=K<, -- ?5G0;L=K< 8 CG0AB;82K< 3>;>A>< @0AA:070; <=5, GB> 8=:2878B>@ 8 0@E85?8A:>? @5H8;8 =0G0BL A;54AB285 157>B;030B5;L=>, 81> 45;> ?@54AB02;O;>AL 206=K< 8 A;>6=K<; GB> A0< 3@0D 1C45B ?@8ACBAB2>20BL =0 MB>< AC45 ?> A2>5<C 720=8N, 0 GB> <5=O ?@54;>68; >=, :0: ?8AF0, GB>1K 70?8AK20BL 2>?@>AK AC489 8 >B25BK >128=O5<KE, 81>, ?> =>2><C <?5@A:><C #;>65=8N, 2A5 AC4K 4>;6=K 1KBL =5?@5<5==> ?8AL<5==K5. -- 0:! -- 2A:@8G0; O, 2KA;CH02 B0:>5 >1JOA=5=85. --  5=0BC 1C4CB AC48BL 745AL 65, 2 <>=0ABK@5, 157 ?@54AB028B5;59 8<?5@0B>@0, =5 402 59 70I8B=8:0, 157 A>1;N45=8O 2A5E 70:>==KE D>@< AC4>?@>872>4AB20! -- "K, :065BAO, 2>>1@0605HL A51O, -- >B25B8; <=5 3@0D, -- 682CI8< 2 AG0AB;82K5 2@5<5=0 .AB8=80=0 5;8:>3>, 0 =5 2> 4=8 >30==0 D>= (20@F5=15@30! / 4>;65= B515 =0?><=8BL, GB>, ?> <=5=8N =0H8E N@8AB>2, 254>2AB2> 5ABL ?@5ABC?;5=85 A>2A5< 8A:;NG8B5;L=>5, crimen exceptum, ?@5A;54CO :>B>@>5 =5G53> A>>1@07>20BLAO, AB@>3> 8 1>O7;82>, A 70:>=><. In his, -- 3>2>@OB >=8, -- ordo est ordinem non servare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crimen fori mixtum, ?>4;560I55 8 AC4C 4CE>2=><C, :0: 5@5AL, 8 A25BA:><C, 81> =0=>A8B 2@54 8 CI5@1 ;N4O<, B0: GB> C<5AB=55 2A53> 2540BL 53> 8<5==> @E85?8A:>?C, :0: A>548=ONI5<C 2 A2>Q< ;8F5 >15 2;0AB8. <5H02H8AL 2 MB> 15A?;>4=>5 ?@5=85, 3@0D ?>@5H8; 53>, ?@54;>682 @E85?8A:>?C ?@54A540B5;LAB2>20BL =0 ?@54AB>OI5< A;54AB288, :0: A5=L>@C "@8@A:>3> :C@DN@H5AB20, 0 8=:2878B>@C 25AB8 A0<K9 4>?@>A, :0: ;8FC, 8<5NI5<C =0 B> ?@O<>5 ?>;=><>G85 3> !2OB59H5AB20, -- :0:>2>5 ?>AB0=>2;5=85 O 8 70?8A0; 2> 3;025 A2>53> A:>@1=>3> >BGQB0. "5<, >4=0:>, ?>43>B>28B5;L=K5 @0AAC645=8O =5 1K;8 70:>=G5=K, => 1@0B $><0, 2KB0I82 87 A2>8E 3;C1>:8E :0@<0=>2 =5:CN 1C<03C 8 ?@81;8782 5Q : A0<><C =>AC, B0: :0: 1K;> =54>AB0B>G=> A25B;> 4;O GB5=8O, A>>1I8; =0< A;54CNI55: -- >7;N1;5==K5 1@0B8O! !;54CO C:070=8O< 4>1;5AB=KE 8 CGQ=KE <C659, 2>B :0:>9 K7>2 1C45B <=>N ?@818B A53>4=O, 565;8 2K 53> >4>1@8B5, : 2@0B0< A53> <>=0ABK@O: "K, 8<5NI85 =0 B> @07@5H5=85 8 ?>@CG5=85 3> !2OB59H5AB20, =0<5AB=8:0 %@8AB>20, 02;0 III, 8 A 4>72>;5=8O 3> KA>:>?@5?>4>18O @E85?8A:>?0 "@8@A:>3> >0==0, >@45=0 ><8=8:0=F52 A<8@5==K9 1@0B 8=:2878B>@ $><0, -- >4CH52;Q==K5 682>9 ;N1>2LN : E@8AB80=A:><C =0@>4C 8 ?>4AB@5:05<K5 6064>9 ?>445@60BL 53> 2 548=AB25 8 G8AB>B5 :0B>;8G5A:>9 25@K 8 >E@0=8BL 53> >B> 2AO:>9 70@07K 5@5B8G5A:>3> 701;C645=8O, 2 A8;C 2;0AB8, :>59 <K >1;5G5=K, C156405< 8 ?>25;5205<, 2> 8<O A2OB>3> ?>28=>25=8O &5@:28, ?>4 AB@0E>< 3815;L=>3> >B 5O >B;CG5=8O, GB>1K 2 B5G5=85 425=04F0B8 4=59, 5A;8 :B> 7=05B 8;8 A;KH0; > :><-;81>, GB> B>B 5@5B8: 8;8 ?@540QBAO 2>;H51AB2C, ?>;L7C5BAO B0:>9 8725AB=>ABLN 8;8 2 B>< ?>4>7@5205<, 2 G0AB=>AB8, GB> >= C?>B@51;O5B @07;8G=K5 B09=K5 A@54AB20, 401K 2@548BL ;N4O<, 682>B=K<, 75<=K< ?;>40< 8 2A59 AB@0=5, -- >= 1K =0< 4>=QA > B0:>2><, 0 5A;8 2 B5G5=85 425=04F0B8 4=59 >= =5 ?>4G8=8BAO =0H5<C C15645=8N 8 ?@8:070=8N, ?CABL >= 7=05B, GB> A0<, :0: 5@5B8: 8 3@5H=8:, ?>4;568B >= >B;CG5=8N".  MB>< <5AB5 A2>59 @5G8 1@0B $><0 A45;0; >AB0=>2:C, >12Q; A2>8E A>B>20@8I59 B>@65AB2CNI8< 273;O4>< 8, =5 A;KH0 2>7@065=89, ?@>4>;60;: -- > 2 40==>< A;CG05 =5 =C6405<AO <K, :0: ?>;030N O, =8 2 4>=>A5, =8 2 :0:>9-;81> inscriptio, 81> A0<8 1K;8 A2845B5;O<8 AB@0H=>3> =5G5AB8O, 2 :0:>5 2?0;0 =5AG0AB=0O A5AB@0 0@8O, ?>4402H8AL A>1;07=0< 2@030, 8 ?>B><C <>65< <K ?>25AB8 45;> 2 ?>@O4:5 8=:2878F88. 65;8 ?@8 4>?@>A5 >1=0@C60BAO C;8:8 ?@>B82 4@C38E A5ABQ@ A59 A2OB>9 >18B5;8, 1C45< <K C65 8<5BL A2845B5;O ?@>B82 =8E, 81> 2 B0:>< AB@0H=>< 45;5, :0: :>;4>2AB2>, =5 4>;6=> ?@5=51@530BL =8:0:8< ?>:070=85<.  1C45< ?><=8BL A;>20, 40==K5 =0< 2 =0AB02;5=85 !0<8< !?0A8B5;5<: 5A;8 >:> B2>Q A>1;07=O5B B51O, 2K@28 53>. K=5 O 4C<0N, GB> G5;>25: 2;8OB5;L=K9 8 >?KB=K9 <>3 1K >?@>25@3=CBL A>>1@065=8O 4><8=8:0=F0 8 >B=OBL, E>BO 1K 2@5<5==>, C =53> 87 ?0AB8 4>1KGC, ?>4>1=> B><C :0:, ?> @0AA:070<, 87 @C: 4@C3>3> 8=:2878B>@0 A?0A @07C<=K<8 4>2>40<8 >4=C 65=I8=C, >128=Q==CN 2 :>;4>2AB25, 2 3>@>45 5BF5, 3@8??0 5BB5A359<A:89, ;5B ?OB=04F0BL =0704. > :B> 65 87 =0A B@>8E <>3 ?@8=OBL =0 A51O @>;L 25;8:>3> CGQ=>3>: @E85?8A:>? =5 <5=55 1@0B0 $><K ?@58A?>;=5= 1K; @25=85< >4>;5BL :>7=8 4LO2>;0 8, ?>B@OAQ==K9, ?>-2848<><C, B5<, GB> 4>25;>AL 5<C 2845BL 2 <>=0ABK@5, 1K; @04, GB> :B>-B> 4@C3>9 27O; @C:>2>4AB2> MB8< 45;><; 5A;8 1K 3@0D AB0; 3>2>@8BL, 2@O4 ;8 4@C385 AC4L8 ?>65;0;8 1K 53> A;CH0BL, 81> >= A0< 1K; ?>4 ?>4>7@5=85<, :0: 5@5B8: 8 4@C3 3C<0=8AB>2; 0 <>3 ;8 2>72KA8BL 745AL A2>9 3>;>A O, 60;:89 ?8A5F 87 70<:0, ;8HL A;CG09=> ?>?02H89 2 @>;L AC451=>3> 45;>?@>872>48B5;O?  ?>B><C =8:B> =5 2>7@060; 8=:2878B>@C, :>B>@K9 GC2AB2>20; A51O 2 MB>< 45;5 AC40 =04 254L<>9, :0: IC:0 2 @K1=>< A04:5, 8 :>B>@K9, 70:>=G82 A2>Q >1JOA=5=85, >B40; ?@8:070=85, A;>2=> ?>;:>2>45F 2>8=0<: -- 2548B5 AN40 ?>4AC48<CN! ?OBL <>Q A5@4F5 C?0;>, :0: ?>4AB@5;5==0O 15;:0 A 2KA>:>9 A>A=K, 0 42>5 AB@0659 ?>A?5H=> C40;8;8AL 2 3;C18=C ?>475<5;LO, A;>2=> =K@=C2 2 53> AK@>9 AC<@0:, 0 ?>B><, G5@57 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O, ?>:070;8AL 2=>2L, =5 AB>;L:> 254O, A:>;L:> 2>;>G0 70 A>1>9 65=I8=C: MB> 1K;0  5=0B0, A> A?CB0==K<8 2>;>A0<8, 2 @07>@20==>< <>=0H5A:>< ?;0BL5, A @C:0<8, A:@CG5==K<8 25@Q2:>9 70 A?8=>9. >340  5=0BC ?>425;8 1;865 : AB>;C, O <>3 @07;8G8BL, ?@8 =5OA=>< A25B5 D0:5;0, 5Q A>25@H5==> 1;54=>5 ;8F> 8, E>@>H> 7=0O 2A5 >A>15==>AB8 53> 2K@065=8O, ?>=O; B>BG0A, GB> >=0 =0E>48BAO 2 B>< A>AB>O=88 87=5<>65=8O 8 15AA8;8O, :>B>@>5 2A5340 =0ABC?0;> C =5Q ?>A;5 ?@8?04:0 >45@60=8O 8 ?@8 :>B>@>< 2A5340 3>A?>4AB2>20;8 2 5Q 4CH5 A>7=0=85 A2>59 3@5E>2=>AB8 8 =5>4>;8<>5 65;0=85 A<5@B8. >340 AB@068 >B?CAB8;8 5Q, >=0 5420 =5 ?>20;8;0AL =0 ?>;, => ?>B><, >2;0452 A>1>N, >AB0;0AL AB>OBL ?5@54 AC48;8I5<, A3810OAL :0: AB515;L ?>4 25B@><, ?>GB8 =5 ?>4K<0O 3;07 8 B>;L:> 87@54:0 >12>4O 2A5E ?@8ACBAB2CNI8E <CB=K< 27>@><, A;>2=> =5 ?>=8<0O B>3>, GB> 2848B, -- 8 O 4C<0N, GB> 5N B0: 8 =5 1K;> 70<5G5=> <>Q CG0AB85 2 :>;;5388 5Q AC459. 5A:>;L:> <3=>25=89 1@0B $><0 157<>;2=> @0AA<0B@820;  5=0BC, :0: :>B, =01;N40NI89 ?>9<0==CN <KHL, 8 70B5< 7040; >= A2>9 ?5@2K9 2>?@>A, ?@>72CG02H89 @57:>, A;>2=> ;57285< @07@5702H89 =0H5 <>;G0=85: -- 0: B51O 7>2CB?  5=0B0 GCBL-GCBL ?>4=O;0 3>;>2C, => =5 ?>A<>B@5;0 =0 4>?@>AG8:0 8 ?@><>;28;0 2 >B25B B8E>, ?>GB8 HQ?>B><: -- # <5=O >B=O;8 <>Q 8<O. # <5=O =5B 8<5=8. @0B $><0 >15@=C;AO :> <=5 8 A:070;: -- 0?8H8B5: >=0 >B:070;0AL =0720BL A2>Q E@8AB80=A:>5 8<O, 40==>5 59 2> A2OB>< :@5I5=88. >B>< 1@0B $><0 2=>2L >1@0B8;AO :  5=0B5 A B0:8< =07840=85<: -- N157=0O! "K 7=05HL, GB> <K 2A5 1K;8 A2845B5;O<8 B>3>, GB> BK =0E>48HLAO 2 A=>H5=88 A LO2>;><. @><5 B>3>, 1;03>G5AB820O =0AB>OB5;L=8F0 MB>3> <>=0ABK@O 87JOA=8;0 =0<, :0:>5 745AL 2>42>@8;>AL =5G5AB85 A B>3> A0<>3> 4=O, :0: BK 745AL ?>A5;8;0AL, :>=5G=>, 42868<0O ?@5ABC?=>N <KA;LN A>2@0B8BL 8 ?>3C18BL ?@0254=K5 4CH8 A5ABQ@ MB>9 >18B5;8. A5 B2>8 A>>1I=8FK C65 ?>:0O;8AL ?5@54 =0<8 8 >1;8G8;8 B2>8 ?>ABK4=K5 :>7=8, B0: GB> B515 >B?8@0B5;LAB2> =5 ?><>65B. "K ;CGH5 ?@87=09AO G8AB>A5@45G=> 2> 2A5E A2>8E 3@5E0E 8 ?><KH;5=8OE, 8 B>340 O, ?> 2;0AB8 A0<>3> !2OB>3> BF0, >15I0N B515 <8;>ABL. / ?>A<>B@5; 8A:>A0 =0 <>=0E0, 8 <=5 ?>:070;>AL, GB> >= C;K1=C;AO, 81>, :0: O 7=0;, A;>2> "<8;>ABL" 2A5340 >7=0G0;> 2 B0:8E >15I0=8OE "<8;>ABL 4;O AC459" 8;8 "<8;>ABL 4;O AB@0=K", :0: A;>2> "687=L" >7=0G0;> >1KG=> 2 >15I0=8OE 8=:2878B>@>2 -- "687=L 25G=CN". >  5=0B0 =5 70<5B8;0 :>20@AB20 2 @5G8 4>?@>AG8:0, 8;8, <>65B 1KBL, 59 2AQ @02=> 1K;> ?@54 :5< =8 :0OBLAO, => B>;L:> A> 2A5N 8A:@5==>ABLN, A :0:>9 8=>340 45;0;0 >=0 A2>8 ?@87=0=8O <=5, 2 AG0AB;82K5 G0AK =0H59 1;87>AB8, >=0 >B25G0;0: -- / =5 8IC =8:0:>9 <8;>AB8. / E>GC 8 8IC A<5@B8. 5@CN 2 <8;>A5@485 >685 =0 ?>A;54=5< AC45, 5A;8 745AL 8A:C?;N A2>8 ?@53@5H5=8O. @0B $><0 ?>A<>B@5; =0 <5=O, >A254><8;AO: "0?8A0=>?" -- 8 >?OBL A?@>A8;  5=0BC: -- B0:, BK A>7=0QHLAO, GB> 70:;NG8;0 ?0:B A LO2>;><?  5=0B0 >B25G0;0: -- !B@0H=K <>8 ?@5ABC?;5=8O, 8 =5 <>3;0 1K O 8AG8A;8BL 8E 2A5, 5A;8 1K 3>2>@8;0 A CB@0 4> 25G5@0. > O >B@5:;0AL >B 7;>3> 8 4C<0;0, GB> >A?>4L ?@8=O; <>Q ?>:0O=85. 5 8IC O >?@0240=8O 2 3@5E0E <>8E. >3>< 82K< :;O=CAL 20<, GB> 2 MBC >18B5;L ?@8H;0 8A:0BL <8@0 8 CB5H5=8O, 0 =5 2=>A8BL @074>@! > ?>?CAB8; >A?>4L, GB>1K 8 745AL =5 <>3;0 O C:@KBLAO >B @030 <>53>, :>B>@><C A0<0 40;0 2;0ABL =04 A>1>9. !>638B5 <5=O, 3>A?>40 AC4L8, 6064C >3=O, :0: 87102;5=8O, B0: :0: 286C, GB> =5B <=5 =0 75<;5 <5AB0, 345 1K <>3;0 O 68BL A?>:>9=>! @5>4>;52 A2>N A;01>ABL,  5=0B0 MB8 A;>20 ?@>87=5A;0 AB@0AB=>, 8 E>@>H> 1K;>, GB> A845; O 2 AB>@>=5 >B 4@C38E AC459, 81> C <5=O 3;070 =0?>;=8;8AL A;570<8, :>340 CA;KH0; O B0:85 AB@0H=K5 ?@87=0=8O, => =8:0:>3> 2?5G0B;5=8O =5 >:070;8 >=8 =0 4><8=8:0=F0, 8 >= ?@5@20;  5=0BC, A:0702: -- "K ?>3>48, ;N157=0O. K B51O 1C45< A?@0H820BL, 0 BK >B25G09. >A;5 MB>3> 1@0B $><0 4>AB0; 87 :0@<0=0 :=865G:C, 2 :>B>@>9, ?> @07;8G=K< ?@87=0:0<, C7=0; O "Malleus Maleficarum in tres partes divisus" (?@5=35@0 8 =AB8B>@0, 8, A?@02;OOAL A MB8< @C:>2>4AB2><, AB0; 704020BL  5=0B5 >1AB>OB5;L=K5 2>?@>AK, :>B>@K5 O, @02=> :0: 8 A;54>202H85 70 =8<8 >B25BK, 4>;65= 1K; 70?8AK20BL, E>BO ?>@>N A68<0; 7C1K >B >BG0O=8O. 5AL MB>B 4>?@>A O 8 ?5@540< 745AL 8<5==> B0:, :0: 70?8A0; 53>, 81> :064K9 3C18B5;L=K9 2>?@>A ?@8A0AK20;AO : <>59 4CH5, :0: IC?0;LF5 <>@A:>3> A?@CB0, 8 :064>5 3>@5AB=>5 ?@87=0=85  5=0BK >AB020;>AL 2 <>59 ?0<OB8, :0: A;>20 <>;8B2K, 2KB25@65==>9 A 45BAB20. C<0N, GB> =5 87<5=N O =8 >4=>3> A;>20 87 <>59 70?8A8, 2>A?@>872>4O 5Q =0 AB@0=8F0E MB>3> ?@02482>3> @0AA:070. 0<5GC ?@8 MB><, GB> =0 ?5@2K5 2>?@>AK  5=0B0 >B25G0;0 A ?@><54;5=85<, >B@K2>G=> 8 :@0B:>, 3>;>A>< >15AA8;5==K<, A;>2=> 1K 59 1K;> G5@5AGC@ BO65;> 2K3>20@820BL A;>20, => ?>AB5?5==> >=0 :0:-B> >6828;0AL, 4065 C25@5==55 AB>O;0 =0 =>30E, 0 3>;>A 5Q >:@5? 8 ?@8>1@Q; 2AN 53> >1KG=CN 72CG=>ABL. 0 ?>A;54=85 2>?@>AK >=0 >B25G0;0 A :0:8<-B> C2;5G5=85<, ?>:>@=> @07JOA=OO 2AQ, GB> B>;L:> C =5Q =8 A?@0H820;8, >E>B=> 8 ?@>AB@0==> 3>2>@O 4065 > <=>3>< ?>AB>@>==5<, 2E>4O 2 =5=C6=K5 ?>4@>1=>AB8, =5 ABK4OAL, ?> A2>5<C >1K:=>25=8N, :0A0BLAO 25I59 ?>7>@=KE 8 A;>2=> =0<5@5==> 2K8A:820O 2AQ 1>;55 8 1>;55 AB@0H=K5 >128=5=8O ?@>B82 A51O. A?><8=0O ?@8<5@K 87 =0H59 A>2<5AB=>9 687=8 A  5=0B>N, A:;>=5= O 4C<0BL, GB> 40;5:> =5 2AQ 1K;> ?@024>9 2 5Q 8A?>2548, => GB> <=>3>5 >=0 BCB 65 87<KA;8;0, 15A?>I04=> :;525I0 =0 A51O A =5?>=OB=>9 4;O <5=O F5;LN, 5A;8 B>;L:> =5:89 2@06451=K9 45<>= 2 B> 2@5<O =5 2;045; 5Q 4CH>9 8 =5 3>2>@8; 5Q CAB0<8, GB>1K 25@=55 ?>3C18BL 5Q. 0<5GC 5IQ, GB>, ?> <5@5 B>3> :0: @072820;AO 4>?@>A, 1@0B $><0 AB0=>28;AO, ?> 2848<>AB8, 2AQ 4>2>;L=55 8 4>2>;L=55, 8 O =01;N40;, :0: @074C20;8AL 53> =>74@8, :>340 >= A;CH0; 15AABK4=K5 ?@87=0=8O  5=0BK, :0: =0?@O30;8AL 68;K 53> @C:, =0 :>B>@K5 >= >?8@0;AO, ?@82AB020O, :0: :>;KE0;>AL 2AQ 53> B5;> >B 871KB:0 @04>AB8, :>340 2845; >=, GB> 53> ?@54?>;>65=8O 8 =04564K >?@024K20NBAO. @E85?8A:>?, =0?@>B82, >G5=L A:>@> ?>A;5 =0G0;0 4>?@>A0 C65 :070;AO CB><;Q==K< 8 =8A:>;L:> =5 ?@>O2;O; AB>9:>AB8, :>B>@>9 >= 87C<8; <5=O CB@><, -- AB@040O, 25@>OB=>, >B A<@04=>3> 2>74CE0 ?>475<5;LO, BO3>BOAL A845BL =0 45@52O==>9 A:0<L5 8, 4>;6=> 1KBL, =5 =0E>4O =8G53> 70=8<0B5;L=>3> 2 >B:@>25=8OE A5AB@K 0@88. 0:>=5F, 3@0D 2AQ 2@5<O AC<5; >AB0BLAO AB@>38< 8 AB5?5==K<, ?@8GQ< ;8F> 53> =5 >1=0@C6820;> =8:0:8E 42865=89 4CH8, 8 ;8HL ?>@>N >= >AB0=02;820; <5=O <=>3>7=0G8B5;L=K< 273;O4><, :>340 O, B5@OO ?@8 C60A=>< 7@5;8I5 >1;040=85 A>1>9, 3>B>2 1K; :@8:=CBL 24@C3 =5>AB>@>6=K5 A;>20 8;8 4065 A>25@H8BL :0:>9-;81> 157C<=K9 ?>ABC?>:, :>B>@K9, @07C<55BAO, =5 ?>2Q; 1K =8 : G5<C 8=><C, :0: : =5<54;5==><C 7045@60=8N 8 <5=O, :0: A>CG0AB=8:0 ?@5ABC?=8FK. B0:, O ?5@594C B5?5@L : B>G=><C 2>A?@>872545=8N 2A53> 4>?@>A0. II >B GB> 1K;> 70?8A0=>, <>5N A>1AB25==>N @C:>N, 2 ?@>B>:>;5 8=:2878F8>==>3> AC40 8 1C45B, 25@>OB=>, 5IQ 4>;3> A>E@0=OBLAO 2 A>1@0=88 :0:8E-;81> 45;. >?@>A. B> =0CG8; B51O :>;4>2AB2C, A0< LO2>; 8;8 :B> 87 53> CG5=8:>2? B25B. LO2>;. -- >3> BK A0<0 =0CG8;0 B><C 65? -- 8:>3>. -- >340 8 2 :0:>5 2@5<O LO2>; A B>1>9 A?@028; A204L1C? -- "@8 3>40 =0704, 2 =>GL ?>4 ?@074=8: >6L53> B5;0. -- 0AB028; ;8 >= B51O, 2 ?0:B5 A A>1>9, >B@5GLAO >B >30 BF0, !K=0 8 !2OB>3> CE0, >B @5G8AB>9 52K, 2A5E A2OBKE 8 >B> 2A59 E@8AB80=A:>9 25@K? -- 0. -- >;CG8;0 ;8 BK 2B>@>5 :@5I5=85 >B LO2>;0? -- 0. -- @8ACBAB2>20;0 ;8 BK =0 B0=F0E H010H0, B@8 @070 2 3>4 8;8 G0I5? -- >@074> G0I5, <=>3> @07. -- 0: BK BC40 ?5@5=>A8;0AL? -- 5G5@><, ?>4 =>GL, :>340 A>18@0;AO H010H, <K =0B8@0;8 A2>Q B5;> >A>1>9 <07LN, 8 B>340 =0< O2;O;AO 8;8 GQ@=K9 :>7Q;, :>B>@K9 ?5@5=>A8; =0A ?> 2>74CEC =0 A2>59 A?8=5, 8;8 A0< 45<>=, 2 >1@075 3>A?>48=0, >45B>3> 2 75;Q=K9 :0<7>; 8 6Q;BK9 68;5B, 8 O 45@60;0AL @C:0<8 70 53> H5N, ?>:0 >= ;5B5; =04 ?>;O<8. A;8 65 =5 1K;> =8 :>7;0, =8 45<>=0, <>6=> 1K;> A5ABL =0 ;N1>9 ?@54<5B, 8 >=8 ;5B5;8, :0: A0<K5 1>@7K5 :>=8. -- 7 G53> A>AB>O;0 <07L, :>B>@>9 2 MB8E A;CG0OE =0B8@0;0 A51O? -- K 1@0;8 @07=KE B@02: ?>@CG59=8:0, ?5B@CH:8, 08@0, 601=8:0, ?0A;5=0, 15;5=K, :;0;8 2 =0AB>9 >B 1>@F0, ?@8102;O;8 <0A;0 87 @0AB5=89 8 :@>28 ;5BCG59 <KH8 8 20@8;8 MB>, ?@83>20@820O >A>1K5 A;>20, @07=K5 4;O @07=KE <5AOF52. -- @8A>548=O;0 ;8 BK : MB><C A>AB02C 68@ C<5@I2;Q==KE B>1>N <;045=F52, ?@8B>< B>?;Q=K9 8;8 ?>460@5==K9? -- 5B, 2 MB>< =5 1K;> =C64K. -- 840;0 ;8 BK =0 H010H5 ;>3> CE0, 2>AA540NI53> 2 2845 :>7;0 =0 B@>=5, 4>;6=0 ;8 1K;0 ?>:;>=OBLAO 5<C 8 F5;>20BL 53> =5G8ABK9 704? -- -B> <>9 3@5E. @8B>< <K ?@8=>A8;8 5<C =0H8 40@K: 45=L38, O9F0, ?8@>38, 0 =5:>B>@K5 8 C:@045==KE 45B59. IQ <K :>@<8;8 A2>8<8 3@C4O<8 <0;5=L:8E 45<>=>2, 8<52H8E >1@07 601, 8;8, ?> ?@8:070=8N 0AB5@0, A5:;8 8E ?@CBLO<8. >B>< <K ?;OA0;8 ?>4 72C:8 10@010=0 8 D;59BK. -- #G0AB2>20;0 ;8 BK B0:65 2 A;C65=88 1>3>?@>B82=>9 GQ@=>9 <5AAK? -- 0, 8 LO2>; :0: A0< ?@8G0I0;AO, B0: 4020; 8 =0< ?@8G0AB85, 3>2>@O "A85 5ABL B5;> <>Q". -- K;> ;8 B> ?@8G0AB85 ?>4 >4=8< 284>< 8;8 ?>4 42C<O? -- >4 42C<O, => 2<5AB> 3>AB88 1K;> =5GB> B2Q@4>5, GB> B@C4=> 1K;> ?@>3;>B8BL, 0 2<5AB> 28=0 -- 3;>B>: 684:>AB8, C60A=> 3>@L:>9, =02>4OI59 E>;>4 =0 A5@4F5. -- ABC?0;0 ;8 BK =0 H010H5 2 ?;>BA:85 A=>H5=8O A LO2>;><? -- LO2>; 2K18@0; A@548 65=I8= BC, :>B>@CN <K =07K20;8 F0@8F5N H010H0, 8 >=0 ?@>2>48;0 2@5<O A =8<.  4@C385 2A5, 2 :>=F5 ?8@0, A>548=O;8AL, :0: A;CG8BAO, :B> : :><C ?@81;878BAO, 65=I8=K, <C6G8=K 8 45<>=K, 8 B>;L:> 8=>340 LO2>; 2<5H820;AO 8 A0< CAB@0820; ?0@K, 3>2>@O: ">B :>3> B515 =C6=>", 8;8: ">B MB0 ?>4>94QB B515". -- !;CG0;>AL ;8 B515 1KBL B0:>2>9 F0@8F59 H010H0? -- 0, 8 =5 >48= @07, G5< O 8 1K20;0 >G5=L 3>@40, -- >A?>48, ?><8;C9 <>N 4CHC! -- !:068 =0<, 4>AB02;O;> ;8 B515 A>8B85 A 4LO2>;>< 1>;LHCN CA;04C, =565;8 A <C6G8=>N? -- >@074> 1>;LHCN, 157> 2AO:>3> A@02=5=8O. -- K20;> ;8 ?@8 MB>< C =53> 8725@65=85 A5<5=8? -- 0, => A5<O MB> 1K;> E>;>4=>5. -- K;8 ;8 C B51O 45B8 >B A>68B5;LAB20 A 45<>=><? --  >48;0AL <0;5=L:0O 15;0O <KHL, >G5=L E>@>H5=L:0O, => O 5Q 704CH8;0 8 70:>?0;0 2 A04C, =04 @5:>9. E, 5A;8 1K C <5=O 1K;8 45B8, <=>38E 3@5E>2 =5 A>25@H8;0 1K O! -- >AB02;O;> ;8 B515 C4>2>;LAB285 ?>A5I0BL ?@074=5AB20 H010H0? -- @09=55, B0: GB> >B?@02;O;8AL <K =0 H010H, :0: =0 A204L1C. LO2>; 2 B> 2@5<O 45@60; ?@8:>20==K<8 =0H8 A5@4F0 B0: :@5?:>, GB> 2 =0A =5 <>3;> 2>9B8 =8:0:>5 4@C3>5 65;0=85. =5 B>340 :070;>AL, GB> :064K9 @07 =0 H010H5 2845;0 O A>B=8 =>2KE 8 GC45A=KE 25I59, GB> <C7K:0 H010H0 ?@8OB=55 2AO:>9 4@C3>9 8 GB> B0< :0: 1K 75<=>9 @09. -- #G8; ;8 B51O 4LO2>;, :0: ?@>872>48BL 3@>7C, 3@04, :@KA, <KH59, :@>B>2, :0: ?5@5:84K20BLAO 2 2>;:>2, :0: ;8H0BL :>@>2 <>;>:0, :0: 3C18BL C@>608 8 :0: 45;0BL <C6G8= =5A?>A>1=K<8 : 1@0G=><C A>68B8N? -- #G8; 2A5<C MB><C 8 <=>3><C 4@C3><C, 2 GQ< O ?@87=0N A51O 3@5H=>9 ?@54 >A?>4>< >3>< 8 ?@54 ;N4L<8. -- !:068, :0: C<55HL BK ?@>872>48BL 3@>7C? -- ;O MB>3> =04> 2 ?>;5, 2 B>< <5AB5, 345 @0ABQB B@020 ?0A;5=, A45;0BL O<:C 2 75<;5, ?@8A52 =04 =59, ><>G8BL 5Q 8 A:070BL: "> 8<O LO2>;0, 4>648AL!" -- 8 B>BG0A =094QB BCG0 8 1C45B 4>64L. --  :0: ;8H0BL <C6G8= 8E A8;K? -- ;O MB>3> 5ABL 1>;LH5 ?OB845AOB8 A@54AB2, =0?@8<5@, 27OBL G0AB8 A0<F0 C B>;L:> GB> C18B>3> 2>;:0, ?>9B8 =0 ?>@>3 B>3>, :>3> E>G5HL 8A?>@B8BL, =0720BL 53> ?> 8<5=8, 8 :>340 >= >B25B8B, >?;5AB8 B>, GB> 2 @C:0E, 15;>9 B5AL<>9, -- 0 2?@>G5<, O =5 E>GC 20< @0AA:07K20BL! -- @8G8=O;0 ;8 BK MB8<8 A@54AB20<8, 0 B0:65 2 >1@075 2>;G8E8 8;8 8=>3> >1>@>B=O, 2@54 ?>;O<, 682>B=K< 8 ;N4O<? -- !B@0H=K9 2@54, :>B>@>3> =5;L7O 8 8AG8A;8BL, 81> <K ?>68@0;8 <=>65AB2> O3=OB, 8AB@51;O;8 ?>A52K 8 ?;>4>2K5 A04K, =02>48;8 =0 45@52=8 ?>;G8I0 :@KA 8 <=>38E 65=I8= 45;0;8 =5A?>A>1=K<8 8<5BL ?>B><AB2>, 8, 4C<0N O, 5A;8 1K =5 ?@8H;> : =0< @0A:0O=L5, 2AO B0 <5AB=>ABL ?>381;0 1K >B =5C@>6052 8 154AB289! > : G5<C @0AA?@0H8205B5 2K <5=O 40;55, 5A;8 O 2AQ @02=> =5 2 A8;0E ?5@5A:070BL 20< 2A5E <>8E 3@5E>2! E, 2>72548B5 <5=O A:>@59 =0 :>ABQ@, ?>B><C GB> 8 745AL 2@03 <>9 =5 ?>:8405B <5=O, -- >= A59G0A AE20B8B <5=O! #159B5 <5=O, A:>@55! A:>@55! @8 ?>A;54=8E A2>8E 2>A:;8F0=8OE  5=0B0 70<5B0;0AL, 3>B>20O 1@>A8BLAO =0 AC459, => 42>5 4N68E AB@0659 A=>20 27O;8 5Q 70 @C:8 8 C45@60;8 >B B0:>3> =0<5@5=8O. ">340 @E85?8A:>?, <>65B 1KBL, >15A?>:>5==K9 ?>2545=85< ?>4AC48<>9, 0 <>65B 1KBL, ?@>AB> CB><;Q==K9 A;54AB285<, >1@0B8;AO : 8=:2878B>@C A B0:8<8 A;>20<8: -- 5 4>AB0B>G=> ;8 A =0A, 5A;8 >128=O5<0O A0<0 ?@87=0;0 A51O 28=>2=>N 8 4>AB>9=>N :>AB@0? @0B $><0, :>B>@K9 2 4>?@>A :840;AO, :0: 25AQ;0O 2K4@0 2 2>4C, 2>7@078;: -- / ?>;030N, GB> 4>;6=> A=0G0;0 C7=0BL 8<5=0 45<>=>2, A :>B>@K<8 MB0 =53>4=8F0 2ABC?0;0 2 A=>H5=8O, B>G=K5 CA;>28O 5Q ?0:B0 A =8<8, 0 B0:65 2KA?@>A8BL C =5Q, :B> 1K;8 5Q A>>1I=8:8 2> 2A5E MB8E 1>3>?@>B82=KE 45O=8OE. 1> 3>2>@8B ?>AB>;: >=8 2KH;8 >B =0A, ex nobis egressi sunt!  5=0B0, @0AA;KH02 A;>20 8=:2878B>@0, 2>A:;8:=C;0 A402;5==K< 3>;>A><: -- 5 =04> <5=O 1>;LH5 A?@0H820BL! / =8G53> =5 A:06C 1>;LH5! # <5=O =5 1K;> A>>1I=8:>2! ! :5< O 2AB@5G0;0AL =0 H010H5, B5 40;5:>. "> 1K;> =5 745AL, 2 4@C3>9 AB@0=5! 8;>AB82K9 >A?>48 %@8AB5, ?@848 <=5 =0 ?><>IL! @0B $><0 2>7@078; 59: -- -, 3>;C1CH:0, ?>25@L, C =0A =094CBAO A@54AB20, GB>1K @072O70BL B515 O7K:! >A;5 MB8E A;>2 >= :@8:=C;, >1@0I0OAL : :><C-B>, 2 B5<=>BC: -- -9, <0AB5@, ?>:068-:0 59, :0:85 5ABL C =0A 83@CH:8! 7 3;C18=K ?>475<5;LO, A> AB>@>=K AB@0H=>9 4K1K, 2KABC?8; G5;>25:, ?;5G8ABK9, 1>@>40BK9, 2 :>B>@>< =5;L7O 1K;> =5 ?@87=0BL ?0;0G0. / >?CAB8; @C:C =0 MD5A H?038, => B>BG0A 2AB@5B8; ?@8AB0;L=K9 273;O4 3@0D0, :>B>@K9 <>;G0;82> C15640; <5=O A>E@0=OBL A?>:>9AB285 4> ?>A;54=59 2>7<>6=>AB8. @0B $><0 ?@>4>;60; A2>N @5GL, >1@0I0OAL :  5=0B5: -- >3;O48, ;N157=0O, =0 =0H8 70?0AK. CGH5 B515 4>1@>2>;L=> @0AA:070BL =0< 2AQ, GB> BK 7=05HL, 8 =0720BL 8<5=0 2A5E A2>8E ?>4;KE A>CG0AB=8F 8 2A5E B5E, :>3> 2AB@5G0;0 BK =0 H010H0E. 54L 2AQ @02=> ?@84QBAO B515 3>2>@8BL, :>340 ?@8;048< <K B515 : @C:0< 8;8 =>30< 2AO:85 B0:85 HBCG:8. "5< 2@5<5=5< ?0;0G, =5 ?@>87=>AO =8 A;>20, ?>:07K20;, >4=> 70 4@C38<, @07=K5 >@C48O ?KB:8, A>25@H0O B>B >1@O4, :>B>@K9 2 =0H5< AC4>?@>872>4AB25 =07K205BAO "CAB@0H5=85<", 0 1@0B $><0, A<0:CO A2>8 A;>20, >1JOA=O; =07=0G5=85 ?>:07K205<KE 25I59, 3>2>@O: -- >B MB>, <8;0O <>O, -- 6><; 8< CI5<;ONBAO 1>;LH85 ?0;LFK, 8, :>340 28=BK ?>428=G820NBAO, 87-?>4 =>3B59 B5GQB :@>2L.  MB> -- H=C@; :>340 70H=C@C5< <K B515 2 =53> @C:8, 70?>QHL BK 8=K< 3>;>A><, B0: :0: 2E>48B >= 2 <OA> =5 EC65 =>60.  MB> 5IQ -- 8A?0=A:89 A0?>3; <K ?>;>68< B2>N =>6:C <564C 42C<O ?8;0<8 8 1C45< A68<0BL 5Q, E>BL 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 =5 @0A?8;8BAO :>ABL 8 =5 ?>B5GQB <>73.  B0< 2>B -- AB>8B 4K10; :0: ?>4BO=5< <K B51O =0 =5Q, B0: @C:8 8 2K25@=CBAO 87 ACAB02>2.  5=0B0 A;CH0;0 2A5 MB8 A;>20 A B0:8< 284><, :0: 5A;8 1K >=8 =5 >B=>A8;8AL : =59 8 :0: 5A;8 1K >=0 =5 2845;0 ?5@54 A>1>N AB@0H=KE >@C489 ?KB:8. > <>Q 2>;=5=85 4>AB83;> ?>A;54=53> ?@545;0, 8 O 3>B>2 1K; 2A:>G8BL 8 1@>A8BLAO =0 4><8=8:0=F0, :>340 3@0D, :>=5G=>, ?>=O2 <>Q A>AB>O=85, =0HQ; 2>7<>6=K< 2<5H0BLAO, A:0702 B0:: -- / B>65, :0: 8 3> KA>:>?@5?>4>185, 4C<0N, GB> 4;O ?5@2>3> @070 <K C7=0;8 4>AB0B>G=>. >;6=> 70A540=85 ?@5@20BL, B0: :0: <K CB><;5=K, 8 ?@54AB>8B =0< 5IQ 4>?@>A8BL A2845B5;59, <0BL 0@BC 8 A5ABQ@. @0B $><0 ?@8=O; MBC @5GL A B0:8< 284><, :0: E8I=K9 725@L, C :>B>@>3> :B>-B> ?KB05BAO >B=OBL 53> 4>1KGC, 8 @5H8B5;L=> 2>7@078;: -- !>2A5< =0?@>B82, 3>A?>48= 3@0D! 04> B>@>?8BLAO A 4>?@>A><, ?>:0 MB0 6Q=:0 =5 CA?5;0 ?>;CG8BL A>25B>2 >B 4LO2>;0, 8 O ?>;030; 1K, GB> A59G0A 65 =04> ?@8ABC?8BL : 4>?@>AC A ?@8AB@0AB85<. K, 25@=>, 701K;8, GB> 70?@5I5=> B>;L:> ?>2B>@OBL ?KB:C, 5A;8 =5 O28BAO =>2KE C;8:, => 2A5 02B>@8B5BK A>3;0A=K, GB> ?@8 ?@5ABC?;5=88 >A>1> 206=><, crimen exceptum, ?KB:C <>6=> ?@>4>;60BL =0 A;54CNI89 45=L 8;8 5IQ =0 A;54CNI89, 8 C<K, 4>AB>9=K5 C2065=8O, ?@83;0H0NB 2 B0:8E A;CG0OE ad continuandum tormenta, non ad iterandum. B0:, A53>4=O <K =0G=Q<, 0 702B@0 1C45B C =0A A;CG09 ?@>4>;68BL... 4=0:>, :>340 @E85?8A:>?, 2>72KA82 3>;>A, 70O28; C65 @5H8B5;L=>, GB> >=, :0: ?@54A540B5;L B@81C=0;0, =0E>48B =C6=K< 4>?@>A >AB0=>28BL, 1@0B $><0 24@C3 >1>@20; A2>N @5GL, :0: ?@OE0 70ACG82HCNAO =8BL, 8 A:070; A>2A5< 4@C38< 3>;>A><: -- /, 2?@>G5<, 2?>;=5 A>3;0A5= A 3> KA>:>?@5?>4>185<, ?>B><C GB> 459AB28B5;L=> 2 B0:8E 206=KE 8 B@C4=KE 45;0E A?5H8BL ?>4>105B 2A53> <5=55. K 4>?@>A ?@8>AB0=>28<, => 2AQ-B0:8, 4C<0N O, 2K A>3;0A8B5AL, GB> =5 A;54C5B =0< >BAK;0BL MBC 6Q=:C, =5 >A<>B@52 ?@5420@8B5;L=>, 5ABL ;8 C =5Q =0 B5;5 7=0:8 254L<K. @8 MB>< 1@0B $><0 ?@81028;, 3>2>@O : ?0;0GC: -- C-:0, >1KI8 5Q E>@>H5=L:>. / 2B>@8G=> AE20B8;AO 70 @C:>OBL H?038, 8 A=>20 =0AB>9G82K9 273;O4 3@0D0 C45@60; <>N @C:C, 8, ?@5>4>;520O A51O, O A<>B@5;, :0: 2>?;>I0;0AL <>O AB@0H=0O <5GB0, :0: ?0;0G A@K20; >4564C A  5=0BK, =5 A>?@>B82;O2H59AO =8A:>;L:>, 8 :0: 2 AK@>9 ?>;C<3;5 ?>475<5;LO >= >1H0@820; 3@C1K<8 @C:0<8 5Q B5;>, :>B>@>5 :>340-B> O ?>:@K20; 1>3><>;L=K<8 ?>F5;CO<8. 0:>=5F 2=8<0=85 ?0;0G0 >AB0=>28;>AL =0 <0;5=L:>9 @>48=:5 =0 ;52>< ?;5G5, E>@>H> <=5 7=0:><>9, 8, 4>AB02 87 :0@<0=0 =51>;LH>5 H8;>, >= >AB@85< :>A=C;AO 2 MB>< <5AB5 B5;0  5=0BK, :>B>@0O =5 H5;>E=C;0AL. ">340 ?0;0G 2>A:;8:=C; 3@C1K< 8 C3@N<K< 3>;>A><, A;>2=> 1K >= :@8G0; 2=CB@L B@C1K: -- ABL! @>2L =5 84QB! ;O 8=:2878B>@0 8 4;O @E85?8A:>?0 70O2;5=85 ?0;0G0, 8<8 4065 =5 ?@>25@5==>5, ?>:070;>AL ?>A;54=8< 8 @5H0NI8< 4>:070B5;LAB2><, ?>B><C GB> 1@0B $><0 B>BG0A 2>7>?8;, :0: =5:>340 ?5@2>A2OI5==8: 8C459A:89: -- 0:8E 5IQ A2845B5;LAB2 =0< =C6=>! 5 OA=> ;8, :0: >689 45=L, GB> >=0 -- 254L<0! 0B5< >= 4>1028;: -- "5?5@L 65 =04> ?>4?0;8BL >3=Q< 2A5 2>;>AK =0 5Q B5;5, 81> 2 =8E <>65B A:@K20BL >=0 :0:85-;81> G0@K. 4=0:> 3@0D, OA=> 284O, GB> 1>;55 O =5 ?>B5@?;N =8:0:>3> >A:>@1;5=8O, 2ABC?8;AO @5H8B5;L=>, =0?><=82 8=:2878B>@C, GB> A0< @E85?8A:>?, :>B>@K9 ?@54A540B5;LAB2C5B =0 =0H5< A;54AB288, ?>AB0=>28; ?@5@20BL 53> 4> 702B@0H=53> CB@0, 8 1@0B $><0, 70AC5B82H8AL, :0: ?>9<0==0O <KHL, >B40; ?@8:070=85 >B25AB8  5=0BC >1@0B=> 2 B5<=8FC. C<0N, GB>  5=0B0 2 BC <8=CBC =5 1K;0 2 A>7=0=88, 81> AB@068, =5;>2:> =0BO=C2 =0 =5Q <>=0H5A:>5 5Q ?;0BL5, ?>4=O;8 5Q, :0: @51Q=:0, =0 @C:8 8 ?>B0I8;8 2=>2L 2 B5<=>BC, <564C B5< :0: O, =5 8<5O 2>7<>6=>AB8 A;54>20BL 70 =59, ?>GB8 ?040;, <CG8<K9 A2>8< 15AA8;85<. 5@>OB=>, =5A<>B@O =0 2A5 A2>8 AB0@0=8O, O =5 <>3 2?>;=5 A:@KBL B> CG0AB85, :>B>@>5 ?@8=8<0; 2 AC4L15 ?>4AC48<>9, ?>B><C GB>, :>340 =0H5 <0;5=L:>5 >1I5AB2>, ?@>94O 2=>2L ?>475<=K5 ?@>E>4K, 2KH;> =0 A25689 2>74CE, :>B>@>3> 1K;0 ;8H5=0  5=0B0, 8 :>340 0@E85?8A:>?, 1;03>A;>282 =0A, C40;8;AO, 1@0B $><0 A?@>A8; <5=O, =5 157 ?>4>7@8B5;L=>AB8: -- K, 3>A?>48=  C?@5EB, 4>;6=> 1KBL, 2 ?5@2K9 @07 ?@8ACBAB2C5B5 =0 ?@5A;54>20=88 MB8E 7;>455:: B0:>9 C 20A C4@CGQ==K9 284, A;>2=> 20< 60;:> MBC 452:C. /, B>;L:> GB> 2KB5@?52H89 3>@074> 1>;55 BO6:85 8A?KB0=8O, =5 <>3 A=5AB8 B0:8E A;>2 8, 24@C3 CB@0B82 2;0ABL =04 A>1>N, <5B=C;AO =0 8=:2878B>@0, AE20B8; 53> 70 2>@>B @OAK 8 70:@8G0; 5<C: -- "K ?5@2K9 70A;C68205HL :>AB@0, ?@>:;OBK9 ?0B5@! "0:>5 <>Q ?>2545=85 <>3;> 1K ?>25AB8 : >G5=L 4C@=K< 4;O <5=O ?>A;54AB28O<, => 3@0D, 1KAB@> ?>A?5H82 =0 ?><>IL : <>=0EC, >A2>1>48; 53> 87 <>8E @C: 8 A:070; <=5 AB@>3>: -- ">1>9 B>65 >2;045; :0:>9-B> 45<>=,  C?@5EB, 8;8 BK ?>B5@O; @0AAC4>:! @0B $><0, ;8F> :>B>@>3> 2AQ 8A:@828;>AL 1K;> >B AB@0E0, :>340 O CAB@5<8;AO =0 =53>, -- >G5=L 1KAB@> >?@028;AO 8, E>BO AB0@0;AO 45@60BLAO >B <5=O =0 @0AAB>O=88, B0:65 AB0; <5=O CA?>:0820BL: -- ;8 2K <5=O =5 C7=0;8, ;N157=K9 1@0B  C?@5EB? -B> -- O, 20H A<8@5==K9 1@0B $><0. 0: 65 2K B0: 40QB5 =04 A>1>9 2;0ABL =5G8AB><C? @03 A8;Q=, => 4>;6=> >3@0640BL A51O <>;8B2>9. >@L10 A LO2>;>< -- 45;> B@C4=>5, 81> >= @KI5B :@C3>< A2>8E AC459 8, 345 702848B =570I8IQ==>5 <5AB>, A?5H8B ?@>=8:=CBL: 1C4L B> G5@57 @>B, 8;8 CH8, 8;8 8=>5 :0:>5 >B25@AB85 2 B5;5. / G5@57 7C1K ?@>1>@<>B0; :0:>5-B> 8728=5=85, 0 3@0D, GB>1K @0AA5OBL =5E>@>H55 2?5G0B;5=85, 2ABC?8; A 8=:2878B>@>< 2 @073>2>@ > 45;5 A5AB@K 0@88 8 A?@>A8;, =5A><=5==> ;8, GB> >=0 1C45B ?@83>2>@5=0 : :>AB@C. @0B $><0 A59G0A 65 >6828;AO 8 A 25;8G09H59 3>B>2=>ABLN AB0; >1JOA=OBL =0< 70:>=K. --  C3>;>2=>< #;>65=88, -- 3>2>@8; >=, -- 8740==>< ?> 2>;5 3> 5;8G5AB20 <?5@0B>@0 4;O 2A59 <?5@88 420 3>40 =0704 8 :>8< <K B5?5@L @C:>2>4AB2C5<AO, AB0BLO AB> 452OB0O 3;0A8B: "Item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tem, 5A;8 :B> ?@815305B : A><=8B5;L=K< 25I0<, 459AB28O< 8 ?>ABC?:0<, :>B>@K5 2 A515 70:;NG0NB 2>;H51AB2>, 8 5A;8 MB> ;8F> 2 B0:>2>< B0:65 >128=O5BAO, MB8< 40QBAO O2=>5 C:070=85 =0 2>;H51AB2> 8 4>AB0B>G=>5 >A=>20=85 4;O ?@8<5=5=8O ?KB:8". @><5 B>3>, 2K, 25@=>, =5 7=05B5, GB> =5B 4@C3>3> A?>A>10 ?@>B82 MB8E 8725@3>2, :0:>2K 254L<K, GB>1K 70AB028BL 8E 3>2>@8BL ?@024C, 81> LO2>; 2A5340 ?@8ACBAB2C5B =0 AC45 8 ?>@>9 ?><>305B 8< ?5@5=>A8BL 65AB>G09H85 <CG5=8O. @8 AB>;L BO6Q;KE ?@5ABC?;5=8OE ?>=52>;5 ?@8E>48BAO ?@81530BL 8 : A0<K< A8;L=K< A@54AB20<. # <5=O =5 1K;> >E>BK 2KA;CH820BL 40;L=59H85 A>>1@065=8O 8=:2878B>@0, 8, CA:>@82 H038, O ?>GB8 ?>1560; ?@>GL >B @073>20@820NI8E, =5 8<5O ?5@54 A>1>9 =8:0:>9 F5;8 8 B>;L:> 65;0O >AB0BLAO =0548=5. 4=0:> 2A:>@5 =03=0; <5=O 3@0D, :>B>@K9 A?@>A8; <5=O, :C40 O C1530N, 8 O 5<C >B25B8;: -- >@>3>9 3@0D! >;6=> =0< ?@8ABC?8BL : =0H5<C 45;C =5<54;5==>, 81> :064K9 G0A ?@><54;5=8O <>65B AB>8BL  5=0B5 687=8. > A8E ?>@ O 2>745@6820;AO >B> 2AO:>3> @5H8B5;L=>3> ?>ABC?:0 B>;L:> ?>B><C, GB> 2K >15I0;8 <=5 A2>Q A>459AB285. #<>;ON 20A =5 >B:;04K20BL 4>;55, 8;8 65 A:068B5 <=5 ?@O<>, GB> ?><>GL <=5 =5 2 A8;0E. ">340 O 1C4C 459AB2>20BL A0<, E>BO 1K ?>?KB:8 <>8 8 ?>25;8 <5=O =0 25@=CN A<5@BL. @0D >B25B8; <=5: -- / 40; B515 @KF0@A:>5 A;>2>, <>9  C?@5EB, 8 A45@6C 53>. !BC?09 2 =0HC ?0;0B:C 8 648 <>53> 7>20, 0 O 1C4C @01>B0BL 70 B51O. >;>A 3@0D0 1K; AB>;L C1548B5;5=, 0 ;8G=> A51O A>7=020; O AB>;L 15AA8;L=K<, GB> <=5 =5 >AB020;>AL =8G53>, :0: ?>28=>20BLAO, => C <5=O =5 E20B8;> 4CEC 2B>@8G=> 2>9B8 2 MBC ?0;0B:C, A;>2=> 2 @>2 ;L28=K9, 345 AB5@53;8 <5=O A 0;G=K<8 G5;NABO<8 8 >AB@K<8 7C10<8 B5 65 3>@5AB=K5 <KA;8, :0: CB@><, 8, <>65B 1KBL, <=>385 4@C385, =5 <5=55 >65AB>GQ==K5. / A:070; 3@0DC, GB> 1C4C 640BL 53> =0 15@53C @5G:8, 8, 871530O 2AO:8E 2AB@5G, ?@>1@0;AO 2 3CAB>9 82=O:, @>AH89 24>;L 5Q @CA;0, 8 70B08;AO 2 ?>;CBL<5 8 AK@>AB8, @0A?>;>682H8AL B0:, GB>1K <=5, A:2>7L ?@>@K2K 2 ;8AB25, 2845= 1K; <>=0ABK@L. 45AL, >?OBL 2 2K=C645==>< 157459AB288, ?@>2Q; O 5IQ A:>;L:>-B> G0A>2, 4KH0 A2568< 25O=L5< B5:CG59 2>4K 8 7=0O, GB>  5=0B0, 1>;L=0O, 87=5<>65==0O, ?@>2>48B MB> 2@5<O =0 ;8?:>9 75<;5, A@548 ?;5A5=8, ?0C:>2 8 <>:@8F. / 1>O;AO, GB> ?>B5@ON A?>A>1=>ABL 459AB2>20BL @07C<=>, 5A;8 >B40<AO 2A5< 2>;=0< >BG0O=LO, =0?8@02H8< =0 <5=O, 8 ?>B><C C?>@=> 2K=C640; A51O =5 B5@OBL OA=>AB8 <KA;8. 0: 1K @5H0O =5:>B>@CN 7040GC, >14C<K20; O 2A5 2>7<>6=K5 A?>A>1K A?0AB8  5=0BC, => 2AQ 65 =5 =0E>48; 8=>3>, :@><5 :0: A8;>N >2;045BL <>=0ABK@Q<, @0718BL 425@8 5Q BN@L<K 8 C257B8 5Q 40;5:>, ?@5645 G5< @E85?8A:>? CA?55B A>1@0BL 7=0G8B5;L=59 >B@O4. #2;5:H8AL B0:8<8 <5GB0<8, O 4065 ?@54AB02;O; A515 2A5 ?>4@>1=>AB8 ?@54AB>OI59 18B2K <564C ?@825@65=F0<8 3@0D0 8 AB>@>==8:0<8 @E85?8A:>?0, 2>>1@060; B>G=>, :0: 1C4C O ;><0BL 2>@>B0 <>=0ABK@O, A>G8=8;, >B =0G0;0 4> :>=F0, BC @5GL, A :0:>9 >1@0ICAL : 8A?C30==K< <>=0E8=O<, C15640O 8E =5 A>?@>B82;OBLAO >A2>1>645=8N A5AB@K 0@88, 8 A> A;570<8 2 3>@;5 ?>2B>@O; B5 A;>20, :0:85 A:06C A?0AQ==>9  5=0B5. #65 25G5@5;>, 8 O >?OBL 4>HQ; 4> :@09=53> B><;5=8O, :>340 =0:>=5F CA;KH0; O 1;87 A51O HC< H03>2 8, >15@=C2H8AL, C2845;, GB> :> <=5 ?@81;8605BAO 3@0D, B>340 :0: 2 =5:>B>@>< >B40;5=88 AB>8B =0H 8E5;L, 45@60 70 ?>2>4LO 42CE ;>H0459. 8F> 3@0D0 1K;> AB>;L AC<@0G=>, :0:8< O 53> =5 2845; 5IQ =8:>340, 8, 2 ?5@2CN <8=CBC ?>4C<02, GB> 2AQ :>=G5=>, GB>  5=0B0 C65 >AC645=0 8 :07=5=0, O =52>;L=> 2>A:;8:=C;: -- 5C65;8 <K >?>740;8? @0D >B25G0; <=5: -- 0< 4>;6=> A59G0A 5E0BL,  C?@5EB. / C1548;AO, GB> B5E A8;, :0:85 C <5=O 745AL 5ABL, =54>AB0B>G=> 4;O =0H53> ?@54?@8OB8O. 04> 8A:0BL A>N7=8:>2, G53> =5 ABK48;8AL 8 @8<;O=5. >1;87>AB8 >BAN40 O 7=0N >48= 70<>:, 2;045;5F :>B>@>3> 2 4@C65AB25 A> <=>9. 45<, -- 8 ?@8257Q< A A>1>9 45AOB>: 4>1@KE <>;>4F>2. -B>B ?@87K2 B0: C4828B5;L=> A>3;0A>20;AO A <>8<8 <5GB0<8, GB> =8 =0 <8=CBC =5 CA><=8;AO O 2 8A:@5==>AB8 A;>2 3@0D0 8 =5 ?@8H;> <=5 2 3>;>2C A>>1@065=85, GB> =5@07C<=> =0< >1>8< >AB02;OBL <>=0ABK@L, -- =0?@>B82, A> 2A59 3>B>2=>ABLN ?>A?5H8; O : ;>H048, 8 A:>@> >10 <K 1K;8 C65 25@E><. / A?@>A8; 3@0D0, 40;Q: ;8 =0H ?CBL, >= 65 >B25B8; <=5 B>;L:>, GB> =04> B>@>?8BLAO, => GB> ?5@2CN G0ABL 4>@>38 ;CGH5 A45;0BL ?> @CA;C @5:8, 401K =0H >BJ574 =5 1K; 70<5G5= 2 ;035@5. AQ MB> 1K;> >G5=L ?@024>?>4>1=>, 8 2 BC <8=CBC O A>3;0A5= 1K; H?03>N ?@>:;04K20BL A515 4>@>3C 2A;54 70 3@0D><. @>5E02 >:>;> G5B25@B8 G0A0 3;C1LN 4>;8=K, <K 2K1@0;8AL =025@E 8 ?>A:0:0;8 ?> ?;>E>9, 45@525=A:>9 4>@>35 ?@O<> =0 70?04. ;070 <>8 A;5?8;> 70E>482H55 2 B>B G0A A>;=F5, AB@>82H55 ?5@54> <=>9, 83@>N A2>8E ;CG59, ?@8GC4;82K5 70<:8 87 25G5@=8E >1;0:>2 8 BCB 65 @07@CH02H55 8E, 8 <=5 ?@54AB02;O;>AL, GB> 2 MB8E-B> ?@87@0G=KE 42>@F0E <K 8 >1@5BQ< BC ?><>IL, :>B>@>9 8I5<. / ?>43>=O; :>=O, A;>2=> 2 A0<>< 45;5 =045O;AO 4>A:0:0BL 4> AB@0=K, 345 2@>@0 >B2>@O5B >3=5==K5 2>@>B0 $51C, 8 25B5@ A28AB5; <=5 2 CH8 =5 B> >1>4@ONI85 :@8:8, =5 B> 157=04Q6=K5 ?@54A:070=8O. >AB5?5==> 70?04 2AQ 1>;55 BCA:=5;, :@0A=>5 A>;=F5 70H;> 70 A0<>5 =86=55 >1;0:>, 8 :@C3>< ?>A2565;>; <5AB=>ABL AB0=>28;0AL 1>;55 AC@>2>9, => =8:0:>3> ?@87=0:0 G5;>25G5A:>3> 68;LO =5 ?>:07K20;>AL, 8 BIQB=> 8A:0; O =0 :@C3>7>@5 10H5= >15I0==>3> 70<:0. 5A:>;L:> @07 A?@0H820; O 3@0D0, 40;5:> ;8 =0< 5IQ 5E0BL, => 2AQ =5 ?>;CG0; >B25B0, 8 =0:>=5F, 284O, GB> ;>H04L <>O CB><;5=0, GB> 4>@>30 A>25@H5==> 8AG5705B A@548 15A?>@O4>G=> A20;5==KE :0<=59, O 2=570?=> =0BO=C; C74C 8 2A:@8G0; B0:: -- @0D! K >1<0=C;8 <5=O! 8:0:>3> 70<:0 =5B! C40 2K <5=O 7025;8? ">340 8 3@0D >AB0=>28; ;>H04L 8 >B25G0; <=5 B8E8<, 704CH52=K< 3>;>A><, :>B>@K9 ?>@>N >= C<5; =0E>48BL 2 A515: -- 0, O B51O >1<0=C;. 0<:0 =5B. AQ <>Q B5;> ?>E>;>45;>, @C:8 704@>60;8 8, 1@>A0O A2>N ;>H04L ?@O<> =0 3@0D0, 3>B>2K9 AE20B8BLAO A =8< =0 ?>548=:5 2 MB>9 3;CE>9, 157;N4=>9 4>;8=5, 2 G0A ?5@2KE B5=59, O 70:@8G0;: -- 0G5< BK MB> A45;0;! 'B> B515 1K;> =04>? B25G09, ?>B><C GB> 8=0G5 O C1LN B51O! @0D 2>7@078; <=5 >G5=L A?>:>9=>: -- Ruprechte, insanis! "K 157C<AB2C5HL,  C?@5EB! !=0G0;0 2KA;CH09, 0 ?>B>< C3@>609. / C7=0;, GB> $><0 =07=0G8; 2B>@>9 4>?@>A =0 MB>B 25G5@. !:>;L:> O =8 AB0@0;AO, O =5 <>3 87<5=8BL B0:>3> @5H5=8O! / =5 A><=520;AO, GB> BK, 5A;8 1K >AB0;AO 2 <>=0ABK@5, A>25@H8; 1K :0:>9-=81C4L 157C<=K9 ?>ABC?>: 8 B5< ?>3C18; 1K 2AQ 45;>. / @5H8; C257B8 B51O =0 2@5<O, GB>1K A?0AB8 8 B51O, 8 B2>N 2>7;N1;5==CN. -- 0:! -- ?5@5A?@>A8; O, -- 2B>@>9 4>?@>A =07=0G5= =0 MB>B 25G5@? =0G8B, >= A>25@H05BAO A59G0A? > 254L MB>B 4>?@>A -- A ?@8AB@0AB85<! =0G8B,  5=0BC ?KB0NB A59G0A, 0 O >B =5Q 40;5:>, 745AL, 745AL, 745AL, -- 2 ?>;5, 8 =5 <>3C 4065 >B:;8:=CBLAO =0 5Q AB>=K! "CB ?>@K2 O@>AB8 ?>:8=C; <5=O, 8 O, A>A:>G82 A :>=O, 1@>A8;AO =8G:>< =0 2;06=K5 >B 25G5@=59 @>AK :0<=8, ?@860;AO : =8< I5:>N, 8 5IQ @07 A;Q7K ?>;8;8AL 87 <>8E 3;07 =5C45@6=>, B0: :0: C <5=O, :0: C 65=I8=K 8;8 @51Q=:0, =5 1K;> 2 BC <8=CBC 4@C3>3> >@C68O 4;O 1>@L1K A AC4L1>N. =5 ?@54AB028;AO 25AL C60A, :0:>9 4>;6=0 1K;0 ?5@56820BL 2 B>B <83  5=0B0, ?@54AB028;>AL, :0: 3@C1K9 ?0;0G <=QB, B5@705B 8 :0;5G8B 4@03>F5==>5 4;O <5=O B5;>  5=0BK, ?@54AB028;8AL 5Q 15A?><>I=K5 AB>=K 8 >BG0O==K5 27>@K, BIQB=> 8ICI85 ?><>I8 8;8 A>GC2AB25==KE 3;07 8 2AB@5G0NI85 ;8HL 725@A:85 ;8F0 AC459, -- 8 C <5=O >B C60A0 8 A:>@18 70E20B8;> 4CE. 560 =0 BQ<=>9 75<;5, O @K40; 157=04Q6=>, 8 2 B>B <83 8A:@5==> E>B5; >4=>3>: 1KBL A  5=0B>N @O4><, ?@540BL A2>Q B5;> 2A5< 8ABO70=8O<, :0:8< ?>425@30;8 5Q, -- 8 <=5 :070;>AL GC4>28I=K< 8 =5;5?K<, GB> O =5 8A?KBK20N 1>;8, :>340 >=0 87=5<>305B >B AB@040=89. 564C B5< 3@0D A?5H8;AO B0:65, A5; 1;87 <5=O =0 75<;N 8, B>65 284O 2> <=5 :0: 1K 48BO, AB0; ;0A:>2> <5=O CA?>:0820BL. = A0<K< C1548B5;L=K< >1@07>< C25@O; <5=O, GB> O =5 4>;65= B0: ?C30BLAO ?KB:8, >B2@0B8BL :>B>@>9 <K =5 <>3;8, B0: :0: >G5=L <=>385 ;N48 ?5@5=>AOB 5Q 157 2@540 4;O A2>53> 74>@>2LO. !0< 3@0D 7=020; >4=>3> 0;E8<8:0, :>B>@>3> =525@=K5, 2 >AB0@5, ?>425@30;8 ?KB:5 B@84F0BL @07 8 4065 A060;8 =0 :>;, =045OAL 2K2540BL >B =53> B09=C D8;>A>DA:>3> :0<=O, 1C4B> 1K 5<C 8725AB=CN, 8 :>B>@K9, >4=0:>, 4>68; 4> 3;C1>:>9 AB0@>AB8. @8B><, ?> A;>20< 3@0D0, 2 MB>B ?5@2K9 45=L =5 <>3;> C3@>60BL  5=0B5 =8:0:8E >A>1KE 8ABO70=89; A0<>5 1>;LH55, G5<C <>3;0 >=0 ?>425@3=CBLAO, MB> -- 2K28EC =0 4K15 @CG=KE ACAB02>2, :>B>@K5 ?0;0G A0< AC<55B =5<54;5==> 2?@028BL. 5 701K; 3@0D ?@825AB8 <=5 2 CB5H5=85 8 =5A:>;L:> F8B0B 87 ==5O !5=5:8 -- D8;>A>D0, C:07K20NI53>, :0: 1;03>45B5;L=> 4;O G5;>25:0 ?5@5=>A8BL D878G5A:85 AB@040=8O.  07C<55BAO, B0:85 @5G8 3@0D0 =8A:>;L:> =5 <>3;8 <5=O CA?>:>8BL, => ?>@>N 1K;8 :0: 1K 3>@NG8< <0B5@80;><, ?>41@0AK205<K< 2 >3>=L <>53> >BG0O=8O, 8, =0:>=5F, 3@0D, 70<5G0O, GB> 2A5 53> @0AAC645=8O 8 @07C<=K5 4>2>4K 15AA8;L=K ?@>B82 <>53> GC2AB20, A:070; <=5 5IQ A;54CNI55: -- C, A;CH09,  C?@5EB, O >B:@>N B515 <>9 ?;0=, GB>1K BK =5 AG8B0; <5=O 70 2@030, => 8AB8==K< 4@C3><. =09, GB> O C65 2AQ ?@83>B>28; 4;O A?0A5=8O B2>59 2>7;N1;5==>9. 0BL 0@B0 : A5AB@5 0@88 >G5=L @0A?>;>65=0 8 =5 25@8B 2 5Q 28=>2=>ABL. @><5 B>3>, 1C4CG8 :;0@8AA8=:>9 8, A;54>20B5;L=>, ?@8=04;560 : D@0=A8A:0=A:><C >@45=C, >=0 @040 G5< 1K B> =8 1K;> 4>A048BL 4><8=8:0=FC. "K 7=05HL, GB> <>=0H5A:85 >@45=0 3@K7CBAO <564C A>1>9, :0: A>10:8. >@>G5 3>2>@O, <0BL 0@B0 A>3;0A8;0AL, ?>A;5 @07=KE <>8E C15645=89, ?><>GL =0< 8 CAB@>8BL ?>153 B2>59  5=0BK. > BK ?>=8<05HL, GB> B0:>5 45;> <>6=> A>25@H8BL ;8HL =>GLN, per arnica silentia lunae. K A59G0A 25@=Q<AO : <>=0ABK@N. 0 AB@065 C 2>@>B 8 C B5<=8FK 1C4CB <>=0E8=8, =0AB>OB5;L=8F5 2?>;=5 ?@540==K5 8 : B><C 65 ?>:;>=ONI85AO A5AB@5 0@88, :0: A2OB>9. =8 >B>?@CB =0< 2A5 70B2>@K. "K A?CAB8HLAO 2 ?>475<5;L5 8 2K2545HL A2>N  5=0BC 8;8 2K=5A5HL 5Q =0 @C:0E, 5A;8 >=0 >:065BAO =5 2 A8;0E 84B8. # 2>@>B 1C45B B51O 640BL 8E5;L 8 ?0@0 A2568E ;>H0459: A:0G8B5 ?@O<> 2 <>9 70<>:. >A;5 <K ?>A<>B@8<, GB> 45;0BL, => O C25@5=, GB> =5 B>;L:> 2A5 4@C385, => A0< $><0, =5A<>B@O =0 A2>Q 0?>AB>;LA:>5 8<O, ?>25@8B, 1C4B> A5AB@C 0@8N >A2>1>48; 4LO2>;. B0:, ?>409 <=5 @C:C, 8 ne moremur!  ?;0=5 3@0D0 1>;LH5 1K;> ?@8GC4;82>AB8 N=>3> 2>>1@065=8O, :>B>@>5 >1KG=> @C:>2>48;> 53> ?>ABC?:0<8, =565;8 >?KB=>AB8 8 7=0=8O ;N459; >4=0:> B> 1K;0 ?>A;54=OO 25@Q2:0, 45@60AL 70 :>B>@CN O <>3 2K1@0BLAO 87 1574=K <>8E =5C40G. K A=>20 A5;8 =0 :>=59 8 >?OBL ?>3=0;8 8E, =0 MB>B @07 2 ?@>B82>?>;>6=>< =0?@02;5=88, A B@C4>< @0A?>7=020O 4>@>3C 2 =0ABC?02H8E AC<5@:0E. > AG0AB8N, <K =5 A18;8AL A ?CB8 8, ?@8 A;01>< A25B5 <>;>4>3> B>I53> <5AOF0, 4>AB83;8 =0H53> ;035@O. ;020 16 8 ?>A;54=OO. 0: C<5@;0  5=0B0 8 >1> 2AQ<, GB> A;CG8;>AL A> <=>N ?>A;5 5Q A<5@B8 I >340 O 2=>2L C2845; ?5@54 A>1>N AB5=K <>=0ABK@O, 70 :>B>@K<8 1K;0 70:;NG5=0  5=0B0, -- O ?>GC2AB2>20; 2 A515, =5A<>B@O =0 CAB0;>ABL >B 15AA<KA;5==>9 A:0G:8, ?@8;82 1>4@>AB8 8 >B2038, 81> @5H8B5;L=K5 G0AK 2A5340 =0?@O30;8 <>N 4CHC, :0: B2Q@40O @C:0 -- 0@10;5B. :>;> =0H59 ?0;0B:8 <K A>A:>G8;8 A :>=59 8 >B40;8 8E 8E5;N, :>B>@K9 4>6840;AO =0A, ?@>O2;OO O2=>5 =5B5@?5=85, ?>B><C GB> =0 2>?@>A 3@0D0, 2AQ ;8 3>B>2>, >B25G0; B0:: -- 02=> 3>B>2>, 8 <54;8BL 1>;LH5 =5;L7O. /= A> A2568<8 ;>H04L<8 AB>8B C A525@=>9 AB5=K: :>?KB0 8E O >15@=C; H5@ABLN.  MB>B ?@>:;OBK9 ?0B5@ $><0 2AQ H=K@O5B :@C3>< 8, B>3> 3;O48, GB>-=81C4L 2KA;548B. B@>Q< <K =0?@028;8AL : <>=0ABK@N, 2K18@0O 4>@>3C B0<, 345 1K;> B5<=55, 8 2AOG5A:8 AB0@0OAL ?@>9B8 =570<5G5==K<8, E>BO 2AQ :@C3><, ?>-2848<><C, C65 A?0;>, -- 81> =0 ?CB8 =5 ?>2AB@5G0;>AL =0< =8:>3>, 8 2 45@52=5 =5 70;0O;0 =8 >4=0 A>10:0. 8E5;L HQ; 2?5@548, :0: 1K C:07K20O 4>@>3C, 70 =8< -- 3@0D, :>B>@>3>, :0: :065BAO, >G5=L 70102;O;8 =0H8 =5>1KG=K5 ?@8:;NG5=8O, 0 O -- ?>7048 2A5E, B0: :0: <=5 =5 E>B5;>AL, GB>1K =0 <5=O A<>B@5;8. KA;L, GB> A59G0A O >AB0=CAL A  5=0B>N =0548=5 8 GB> G5@57 =5A:>;L:> <8=CB >=0 1C45B 2=>2L A2>1>4=0 8 ?>4 <>59 70I8B>9, -- 70AB02;O;0 <>Q A5@4F5 4@>60BL @04>AB=>, 8 O, =5 :>;51;OAL, ?>HQ; 1K >48= =0 B@>8E, B>;L:> 1K >ACI5AB28BL <5GBC. 7>1@02H8AL =0 :>A>3>@, >:070;8AL <K C 2>@>B <>=0ABK@O, 2 GQ@=>9 B5=8 53> AB5=K, 8 8E5;L ?>:070; <=5 240;5:5 A<CB=K5 >1@07K 42CE ;>H0459, :>B>@KE AB5@Q3 :B>-B> 87 =0H8E ;N459, A:0702: -- "C40, 3>A?>48=  C?@5EB, =5A8B5 20HC 4>1KGC, -- O C65 1C4C B0< 8 7=0N ?@O<CN 4>@>3C 2 70<>:. 5@LB5: OAB@51K =0A =5 4>3>=OB. 564C B5< 3@0D >AB>@>6=> C40@8; ?> 65;57C 425@8 @C:>OBLN H?038, B0: GB> @0740;AO 2 ;C==>9 B8H8=5 72C: :>@>B:89 8 60;>1=K9, A;>2=> ?;0G. 7-70 2>@>B ?>A;KH0;AO 65=A:89 3>;>A, B>65 ?@83;CH5==K9, A?@>A82H89: -- B> 745AL? @0D >B25B8; CA;>2=K< ?0@>;5<: -- 5<;O C48=0 =8G5< =5 <5=LH5 2>52>4AB2 C48=KE. ">BG0A 2>@>B0, :0: ?>-2>;H51AB2C, @0AB2>@8;8AL, B8E> ?@>AB>=02, 8 2 BC <8=CBC O B0: B25Q@4> 25@8; 2 CA?5E =0H53> ?@54?@8OB8O, A;>2=> C65 1K; A  5=0B>N ?>4 =04Q6=>9 70I8B>N 1>9=8F 70<:0 D>= 5;;5=. !5AB@0, >B2>@82H0O =0< 2>@>B0, A<>B@5;0 =0 =0A A> AB@0E>< 8 1K;0 >G5=L 1;54=0, -- 8;8 MB> B0: :070;>AL >B A25B0 <5AOF0, -- => =5 ?@>87=5A;0 =8 A;>20. !;01> >A25IQ==K9 <>=0ABK@A:89 42>@ 1K; A>25@H5==> ?CABK=5=, => <K ?@>H;8 53>, :@04OAL 24>;L AB5=K, :0: B@8 ?@82845=8O, 8, ?>4>94O : 704=59 AB>@>=5 A>1>@0, >:070;8AL 1;87 AB@0H=>9 425@8, G5@57 :>B>@CN 1K; E>4 2 ?>475<5;L5 :  5=0B5. 45AL =0 ?;>A:>< :0<=5, 2 ?>;C4@5<>B5, A845;0 =0 AB@065 4@C30O <>=0E8=O, :>B>@0O ?@8 =0H5< ?@81;865=88 2A:>G8;0 8 2AO 70B@5?5B0;0. @0D ?>2B>@8; ?0@>;L, 8 A5AB@0, C?02 =0 :>;5=8, 2>A:;8:=C;0 A402;5==K< 3>;>A><: -- ;03>A;>25= 3@O4K9 2> 8<O >A?>4=5! @848B5, ?@848B5! K2548B5 87 B5<=8FK 65@B2C =528==CN, 2 C7K 225@3=CBCN :>7=O<8 2@030! !5AB@0 0@8O -- A2OB0O, 8 ?>ABK4OBAO 2@038 5Q! %@8AB>A 8ACA -- =5?>@>G=K9 65=8E 5Q! 8E5;L 3@C1> ?@5@20; MB8 ?@8G8B0=8O, A:0702 A5AB@5 HQ?>B><: -- C45B 1>;B0BL, <K =5 =0 ?B8G=8:5! B:@K209 425@L! >=0E8=O, 4>AB02 1>;LH>9 65;57=K9 :;NG, ?>?KB0;0AL >B?5@5BL 425@L, => @C:8 5Q 4@>60;8, B0: GB> >=0 =5 <>3;0 =0<5B8BL 1>@>4:>9 2 A:2068=C 70<:0, 8 8E5;L, >B=O2 C =5Q :;NG, >B?5@ A0<. >340 @0A:@K;>AL GQ@=>5 >B25@AB85 2E>40 2 ?>475<5;L5, 8E5;L >AB>@>6=> 2KA5: >3=O, 706Q3 ?@8=5AQ==K9 A A>1>N <0;5=L:89 D0:5; 8 ?5@540; 53> <=5, 0 3@0D A:070;: --  C?@5EB, 848 2=87. 0 B>9 70;>9, 345 <K 25;8 4>?@>A A53>4=O CB@><, 5ABL 425@L, 70?5@B0O 70A>2><. B>?@8 5Q: 70 =59 B5<=8F0 B2>59 0@88. ">@>?8AL, 8E5;L 1C45B 640BL B51O, 8 40 ?><>65B B515 <0BL ;N128, 8?@840 =84A:0O! @>I09. /, >B 2>;=5=8O, =5 <>3 =8G53> >B25B8BL 3@0DC, =>, A602 2 @C:5 D0:5;, CAB@5<8;AO 2 BQ<=CN 3;C18=C 8, A?>BK:0OAL, A?5H8; 2?5@54 ?> ABC?5=O< A:>;L7:>9 ;5AB=8FK, ?>:0 =5 >GCB8;AO 2 70;5 4>?@>A0. 0H AB>;, 70 :>B>@K< O 70?8AK20; 3815;L=K5 >B25BK  5=0BK, 1K; ?CAB 8 :070;AO 3@><04=>9 3@>1=8F59; AC<@0G=K9 AB0=>: 4K1K A ?>4=OB>9 ;0?>9 ?>-?@56=5<C 2>72KH0;AO 2 3;C18=5, 8 O A>4@>3=C;AO, 273;O=C2 =0 =53>; H038 <>8 72CG0;8 2 ?CAB>B5 3C;:>, 8 B5=8 <5B0;8AL :@C3><, -- 1KBL <>65B, B> 1K;8 ;5BCG85 <KH8. @>94O 5IQ =5A:>;L:> H03>2 ?> C:070=8N 3@0D0, O =0B:=C;AO =0 45@52O==CN, >:>20==CN 65;57=K<8 1@CALO<8 425@L, :>B>@0O 1K;0 70?5@B0 BO6Q;K< 70A>2><, 8, =5 157 B@C40 >B>428=C2 53>, >:070;AO 2 <0;5=L:>< A2>4G0B>< ?>:>5, =87:>< 8 C4CH;82>-AK@><. @>254O D0:5;><, O ?>AB5?5==> >A25B8; 2A5 C3;K BN@L<K 8 2 40;L=5< 5Q :>=F5 @07;8G8; 3@C4C A>;><K, 0 =0 =59 ?@>ABQ@B>5 B5;>, 5420 ?@8:@KB>5 ;>E<>BLO<8 >4564K; O ?>=O;, GB> MB> --  5=0B0, A C?02H8< A5@4F5< ?@81;878;AO, AB0; =0 :>;5=8 ?5@54 154AB25==K< ;>65<. @8 :0G0NI5<AO A25B5 D0:5;0 O <>3 OA=> @07;8G8BL ;8F>  5=0BK, 1;54=>5, :0: ;8F> B@C?0, A 70:@KBK<8, A;>2=> =5682K<8, 3;070<8, 5Q 2KBO=CBK5, =5?>4286=K5, >A;01H85 @C:8, 5Q GCBL ?>4K<05<CN 4KE0=85< 3@C4L, -- 8 >:>;> <8=CBK 4;8;>AL <>;G0=85, ?>B><C GB> O 4>;3> =5 >A<5;820;AO ?@>87=5AB8 =8 A;>20 2 A2OI5==>< <5AB5. 0:>=5F, =0?><=82 A515, GB> 2A5 <3=>25=8O =0 AG5BC, O H5?=C; B8E>: -- !5AB@0 0@8O! B25B0 =5 1K;>, 8 O ?>2B>@8; 3@><G5: --  5=0B0! 0 MB>B 7>2  5=0B0 >B:@K;0 3;070, A;53:0 >1@0B8;0 :> <=5 3>;>2C, ?>A<>B@5;0 =0 <5=O ?@8AB0;L=>, C7=0;0 <5=O 8, :0: 1C4B> A>2A5< =5 C482;OOAL, GB> O 1;87 =5Q, A;01K<, 5420 @07;8G8<K< 3>;>A>< ?@>87=5A;0: -- #948,  C?@5EB. / B515 2AQ ?@>I0N, => BK C948. 5@2K9 <83 O 1K; B0:8<8 A;>20<8 >H5;><;Q=, =>, ?>4C<02, GB> 70<CG5==0O ?KB:>9 8 70:;NG5=85<  5=0B0 1@548B, O 2>7@078;, 2;030O 2 A2>8 A;>20 2AN =56=>ABL, =0 :0:CN 1K; A?>A>15=: --  5=0B0! 4>@>30O <>O  5=0B0! ;N18<0O! 548=AB25==0O! / ?@8=QA B515 87102;5=85 8 A2>1>4C. 25@8 >B:@KBK, <K C94Q< >BAN40, =0A 64CB ;>H048. >A;5 <K C545< 2 >2CN A?0=8N, 345 =0G=QBAO 4;O =0A =>20O 687=L. / 1C4C A;C68BL B515, :0: @01, 8 =8 2 GQ< =5 1C4C ?@>B82>@5G8BL B2>8< @5H5=8O<. 1> O ?>-?@56=5<C ;N1;N B51O,  5=0B0, ;N1;N 1>;LH5 A51O A0<>3>, 1>;LH5 A?0A5=8O 4CH8. A;8 <>65HL, 2AB0=L, 409 <=5 @C:8, 848 A> <=>9. ;8 4>72>;L, O ?>=5AC B51O, C <5=O 4>AB0=5B A8;. > 4>;6=> =0< B>@>?8BLAO. !:0702 MB8 A;>20 A :@09=8< 2>;=5=85<, O 640; >B25B0, =0:;>=8AL : A0<><C ;8FC  5=0BK, 0 >=0, =5 H525;L=C2H8AL, B5< 65 B8E8<, 157 C40@5=89, 157 ?>2KH5=89, 3>;>A>< 703>2>@8;0 B0:: -- / =5 ?>94C 70 B>1>9,  C?@5EB! 4=064K BK 5420 =5 ?>3C18; <5=O, => O A?0A;0 A2>N 4CHC 87 B2>8E @C:! =8 <5=O <CG8;8, >=8 <5=O @0A?8=0;8, -- 0E! >=8 8 =5 7=0;8, GB> MB> ?>25;5; 8< 8ACA %@8AB>A! @>2L, :@>2L! O 2845;0 A2>N :@>2L, :0: E>@>H>, :0: A;04:>! =0 ><K;0 2A5 <>8 3@5E8. = >?OBL ?@8;5B8B :> <=5, :0: 1>;LH0O 101>G:0, 8 O A?@OGC 53> 2 A2>8E 2>;>A0E. 5B, =5B, MB>, ?@02>, ?@>AB> 101>G:0, 8 =8G53> 1>;LH5. 0: BK A<55HL 1KBL 745AL, A> <=>N,  C?@5EB? -B0 AB@0==0O 8 =5A2O7=0O @5GL >:>=G0B5;L=> C1548;0 <5=O, GB>  5=0B0 ?>B5@O;0 >B AB@040=89 OA=>ABL <KA;8, => 2AQ 65 O A45;0; ?>?KB:C >1@07C<8BL 5Q, A:0702 59: --  5=0B0! CA;KHL <5=O, ?>?KB09AO ?>=OBL <5=O. "K -- 2 BN@L<5, 2 <>=0ABK@A:>9 BN@L<5. "51O AC4OB 8=:2878F8>==K< AC4><, 8 B515 3@>78B AB@0H=0O :07=L. 'B>1K A?0AB8 687=L, B515 =04> 1560BL, 8 O 2AQ CAB@>8; 4;O B2>53> 153AB20. A?><=8, BK <=5 3>2>@8;0 :>340-B>, GB> <5=O ;N18HL. >25@LAO <=5, 8 BK 1C45HL >A2>1>645=0. >B>< O ?@54>AB02;N B515 A2>1>4C A45;0BL 2AQ, GB> BK 70E>G5HL: >AB0BLAO A> <=>9, 8;8 <5=O ?>:8=CBL, 8;8 2=>2L 2>9B8 2 <>=0ABK@L. / =5 ?@>HC C B51O =8G53>, =5 ?@>HC ;N128, O B>;L:> E>GC 2K@20BL B51O C ?0;0G59 8 A?0AB8 >B :>AB@0. 5C65;8 65 BK E>G5HL ?KB:8 8 <CG5=89 >3=O?  5=0B0 2>A:;8:=C;0: -- 0! 0! / E>GC ?KB:8 8 >3=O! !59G0A O 2845;0 <>53> 048M;O, 8 >= A:070; <=5, GB> A<5@BLN O 8A:C?;N 2AN 687=L. = -- 25AL >3=5==K9, 3;070 C =53> 3>;C1K5, :0: =51>, 0 2>;>AK A;>2=> 87 B>=:8E 7>;>BKE =8B>:. = <=5 A:070;, GB> ?@8<5B <>N 4CHC 2 A2>8 >1JOB8O 8 GB> 2 25G=>9 687=8 <K =5 @07;CG8<AO A =8< =8:>340. / ?@>I0N, O 2AQ ?@>I0N, 8 B515 8 5=@8EC, ?>B><C GB> 048M;L 2AQ ?@>AB8; <=5. =5 E>@>H>, <=5 1>;LH5 =8G53> =5 =04>. > >AB02L <5=O >4=C; 409 <=5 1KBL A =8<; BK 8A?C30; 53>; C948, >= 25@=QBAO. ! ?>A;54=8< C?>@AB2>< O 2>A:;8:=C;: --  5=0B0, :;O=CAL 2A5< 4;O <5=O A2OBK<, O =5 <>3C >AB028BL B51O 745AL! >3 8 A>25ABL ?@8:07K20NB <=5 2K25AB8 B51O >BAN40. "K 87<CG5=0, BK 1>;L=0, BK =5 <>65HL @0AAC640BL 74@02>. >A;CH09AO <5=O, :0: 4@C30, :0: AB0@H53>! 5 8A:C?8B5;L=0O A<5@BL 64QB B51O 745AL, -- => BK >B40QHL A51O 2> 2;0ABL 3@C1K< <>=0E0< 8 BC?K< =525640<. ">;L:> 2K948 >BAN40, B>;L:> 24>E=8 A25653> 2>74CE0, 273;O=8 =0 A>;=F5, 8 5A;8 G5@57 B@8 4=O BK A:065HL <=5: O E>GC 25@=CBLAO 2 BN@L<C, -- :;O=CAL, O A0< >B254C B51O AN40.  5=0B0 A B@C4>< ?@8?>4=O;0AL 8, A<>B@O ?@O<> <=5 2 ;8F>, A:070;0, :0: 1C4B> A ?>;=>9 A>7=0B5;L=>ABLN: -- / 3>2>@N B515, GB> >B B51O O =5 65;0N =8G53>! B B2>53> ?@8ACBAB28O 8A?KBK20N B>;L:> >B2@0I5=85. !BC?09, 25@=8AL 2 687=L, F5;C9AO A> A2>59 3=5AA>9, 0 <5=O ?CABL >?OBL ?>4K<CB =0 4K1C. "K E>G5HL, GB>1K O :C40-B> 1560;0 A B>1>N! E, <8;K9, <8;K9 5=@8E, >= =8:>340 1K =5 >A:>@18; <5=O B0:! / 1K 5<C A:070;0, GB> E>GC C<5@5BL, 8 >= 1K ?>=O; <5=O.  BK :0: 1K; ;0=4A:=5EB, B0: 8< 8 >AB0;AO, 8 7=05HL >4=>, :0: 1K C18BL 2@030. C, C18209 <5=O, O =5 2 A8;0E 70I8I0BLAO!  MB8E 65AB>:8E 8 =5A?@0254;82KE A;>20E O C7=0; ?@56=NN  5=0BC, BC, :>B>@0O, 1K20;>, 70AB02;O;0 <5=O ?040BL =0 ?>; >B 15AA8;L=>3> >BG0O=LO 8;8 A:@565B0BL 7C10<8 >B =5>6840==>9 >184K, => O =5 ?>72>;8; A515 ?>440BLAO 2?5G0B;5=8N 8 701KBL, GB>  5=0B0 A59G0A =5 >B25BAB25==0 70 B>, GB> 3>2>@8B, :0: 1>;L=>9, :>B>@K9 1@548B, 8;8 :0: =5AG0AB=K9, >45@68<K9 7;K< 4CE><. B0:, O ?@>87=QA B2Q@4>: --  5=0B0! ;O=CAL A52KH=8<, O ;N1;N B51O!  ?>B><C A?0AC B51O 4065 ?@>B82 B2>59 2>;8! !:0702 B0:, O >AB>@>6=> ?@8A;>=8; D0:5; : 2KABC?C AB5=K, 0 A0<, A602 3C1K 8 AB0@0OAL =5 A<>B@5BL 2 ;8F>  5=0BK, @5H8B5;L=> =0:;>=8;AO : =59 8, >E20B82 5Q @C:0<8, E>B5; ?>4=OBL A 5Q A>;><5==>9 ?>AB5;8. >=O2 <>Q =0<5@5=85,  5=0B0 ?@8H;0 2 AB@0H=>5 2>;=5=85, >B:8=C;0AL =0704, ?@860;0AL : C3;C A2>59 BN@L<K 8, 3>;>A>< 3@><:8< 8 >BG0O==K<, 70:@8G0;0: -- 048M;L! 048M;L! 70I8B8! A?0A8 <5=O! 5 A;CH0O MB>3> :@8:0, O =5 C:;>=O;AO >B =0<5G5==>9 F5;8, 8 <564C =0<8 42C<O =0G0;0AL 15AA<KA;5==0O 1>@L10, ?@8GQ<  5=0B0, :>B>@0O 5420 <>3;0 2;045BL @C:0<8, 87<>64Q==K<8 ?KB:>9, >B1820;0AL 2A5< B5;><, 873810OAL =58AB>2>, 1@>A0OAL 2> 2A5 AB>@>=K, C?>B@51;OO 2A5 A@54AB20, GB>1K 2KA2>1>48BLAO 87 <>8E >1JOB89. =0 =5 1@5730;0 8 B5<, GB> ?KB0;0AL A20;8BL <5=O, B>;:0O =>30<8, 0 B0:65 B5<, GB> 7;>1=> 2?820;0AL 7C10<8 2 <>8 @C:8, 8 2 ?5@5@K20E 1>@L1K :@8G0;0 <=5 2 ;8F> O@>AB=K5 >A:>@1;5=8O: -- @>:;OBK9! @>:;OBK9! "K ?>;L7C5HLAO <>59 A;01>ABLN! "K <=5 ><5@78B5;5=! CAB8, O @07>1LN A515 3>;>2C > AB5=K! AQ ;CGH5, B>;L:> 1K =5 1KBL A B>1>9! "K -- LO2>;! 048M;L! 048M;L! 70I8B8! =570?=>, :>340 O C65 A>7=020; A51O ?>1548B5;5<, A>?@>B82;5=85  5=0BK 24@C3 >A;01;>, 8, 8A?CAB82 ?@>=78B5;L=K9 8 C60A=K9 :@8: 1>;8, >=0 2AO ?>28A;0 =0 <>8E @C:0E 157 42865=8O, :0: 28A8B A;><0==K9 AB515;L F25B:0. >30402H8AL, GB> A  5=0B>9 GB>-B> A;CG8;>AL, O 1KAB@> >?CAB8; 5Q >1@0B=> =0 A>;><C, >A2>1>482 >B A2>8E @C:, => >=0 C65 2AO 1K;0 :0: <Q@B20O, 8 <=5 :070;>AL, GB> >=0 =5 4KH8B. 5B=C2H8AL ?> :0<5@5, =0HQ; O =5<=>3> 2>4K 2 3;8=O=>< :C2H8=5 8 A<>G8; 28A:8  5=0BK, ?>A;5 G53> >=0 A;01> 274>E=C;0, => 4;O <5=O, <=>3> @07 28452H53> A<5@BL @0=5=KE ?>A;5 1>O, C65 =5 >AB020;>AL A><=5=8O, GB> =0ABC?0; ?>A;54=89 <83. / =5 7=0N, ?>2;8O;8 ;8 =0  5=0BC 3C18B5;L=> B5 CA8;8O, :0:85 >=0 A45;0;0, A>?@>B82;OOAL <=5, 8;8 2>>1I5 =5 <>3;> 5Q E@C?:>5 ACI5AB2> ?5@5=5AB8 B5E =5<8;>A5@4=KE 8A?KB0=89, :0:85 2K?0;8 =0 5Q 4>;N, => 2A5 ?@87=0:8 O2=> C:07K20;8 =0 ?@81;865=85 :>=F0, 81> C =5Q 2K@065=85 ;8F0 24@C3 ?@8>1@5;> >A>1CN B>@65AB25==>ABL, 2AQ B5;> 5Q AB@0==> 2KBO=C;>AL 8 A:>@G5==K<8 ?0;LF0<8 >=0 60;>AB=> E20B0;0AL 70 A>;><C. 8:0:>9 ?><>I8  5=0B5 O >:070BL =5 <>3 8 ?@>4>;60; AB>OBL =0 :>;5=OE >:>;> 5Q ;>60, 2A<0B@820OAL 2 5Q ;8F>, => 24@C3, =0 :@0B:89 <83, >=0 >G=C;0AL, C2845;0 <5=O, C;K1=C;0AL <=5 =56=>9 C;K1:>9 8 ?@>H5?B0;0: -- 8;K9  C?@5EB! :0: E>@>H> -- GB> BK A> <=>9! 8:0:85 ?@>:;OB8O, :>B>@K<8 ?5@54 B5< >AK?0;0 <5=O  5=0B0, =5 <>3;8 B0: ?>459AB2>20BL =0 <5=O, :0: MB8 :@>B:85 A;>20, ?@>87=5AQ==K5 =04 A0<>9 3@0=LN A<5@B8, -- A;Q7K ?>;8;8AL C <5=O 87 3;07 157C45@6=>, 8, ?@8=8:=C2 3C10<8 : ?>E>;>452H59 @C:5  5=0BK, :0: ?@8=8:0NB 25@=K5 : GB8<>9 A2OBK=5, O 2>A:;8:=C;: --  5=0B0!  5=0B0! / ;N1;N B51O!  BC <8=CBC <=5 :070;>AL A0<K< 206=K< 70?5G0B;5BL 2 5Q 4CH5 B>;L:> MB8 A;>20, GB>1K 8<5==> A 8E >B72C:>< ?@>1C48;0AL >=0 : 8=>9 687=8, =>  5=0B0, 25@>OB=>, C65 =5 A;KH0;0 <>53> 3>@5AB=>3> 2>A:;8F0=8O, ?>B><C GB>, H5?=C2 A2>9 ?>A;54=89 ?@825B, >=0 24@C3 >B:8=C;0AL =027=8GL 8 AB@0H=> 70B@5?5B0;0, A;>2=> 2 ?>A;54=59 1>@L15 A> A<5@BLN. "@8 @070 ?@8?>4=8<0;0AL >=0 =0 ;>65, 4@>60 8 704KE0OAL, =5 B> >BAB@0=OO :0:>5-B> AB@0H=>5 2845=85, =5 B> CAB@5<;OOAL =02AB@5GC :><C-B> 65;0==><C, 8 B@8 @070 >=0 ?040;0 >1@0B=>, 8 2 3@C48 5Q A;KH0;>AL ?@54A<5@B=>5 E@8?5=85, C65 =5 ?>E>655 =0 72C:8 687=8. B:8=C2H8AL 2 B@5B89 @07, >=0 >AB0;0AL 2 ?>;=>9 =5?>4286=>AB8, 8 O, ?@8;>682 CE> : 5Q 3@C48, =5 CA;KE0; 1>;LH5 185=89 A5@4F0 8 ?>=O;, GB> 87 MB>3> <8@0, 345 <>3;8 >6840BL 5Q B>;L:> ?@5A;54>20=8O 8 AB@040=8O, 5Q 4CH0 ?5@5H;0 2 <8@ 4CE>2, 45<>=>2 8 35=852, : :>B>@><C 2A5340 >=0 ?>@K20;0AL. >340 O C1548;AO, GB>  5=0BK 1>;55 =5B, O 70:@K; 59 3;070 8 B8E> ?>F5;>20; 5Q ;>1, ?>:@KBK9 E>;>4=K< ?>B><, 8, -- E>BO 2 BC <8=CBC ;N18; 5Q A> 2A5< =0?@O65=85< GC2AB20, ;N1>2LN, =8G5< =5 <5=LH59, G5< B0, :>B>@CN 2>A?5;8 ?>MBK, -- >B> 2A59 4CH8 A>B2>@8; <>;8B2C, GB>1K 8A?>;=8;0AL 5Q =045640 8 >=0 ?>2AB@5G0;0 1K A2>53> 048M;O 8 ?>A;5 A<5@B8 C7=0;0 1K <8@ 8 AG0AB85. >B><, GB>1K >14C<0BL A2>Q ?>;>65=85, O A5; =0 ?>;C BN@L<K @O4>< A B5;><  5=0BK, 81> 5Q A<5@BL =5 B>;L:> =5 ;8H8;0 <5=O A?>A>1=>AB8 @0AAC640BL, => 4065 25@=C;0 <=5 E;04=>:@>285, =0@CH5==>5 7@5;8I5< 5Q AB@040=89, B0: GB> A;Q7K =0 <>8E 3;070E 2KA>E;8. >A;5 =54>;3>3> @07<KH;5=8O =5>A?>@8<K< ?@54AB028;>AL <=5, GB> 157@0AAC4=> 1K;> 1K ?>425@30BL >?0A=>AB8 A2>N 687=L 8 G5ABL 3@0D0, B0: 25;8:>4CH=> ?><>3H53> <=5, @048 1574CH=>3> B5;0, 8 GB> A0<>5 @07C<=>5, GB> <>3 O A45;0BL, -- MB> C40;8BLAO B09=>. >A;5 B0:>3> @5H5=8O O 2 ?>A;54=89 @07 ?@8:>A=C;AO ?>F5;CO<8 : 3C10< <Q@B2>9  5=0BK, ?>B>< A;>68; 59 @C:8 =0 3@C48, 5IQ @07 >AB0=>28;AO 273;O4>< =0 5Q =5?>4286=>< ;8F5, GB>1K 2?8B0BL 2 A51O 53> G5@BK =025:8, 8, 27O2 A2>9 D0:5;, =0?@028;AO ?@>GL 87 @>:>2>3> ?>475<5;LO. !>7=0NAL, GB>, ?>:0 O HQ; BQ<=K<8 70;0<8 8 ?5@5E>40<8, =5A:>;L:> @07 <=5 ?@8E>48;0 2 3>;>2C <KA;L 25@=CBLAO, GB>1K C<5@5BL @O4>< A  5=0B>N, => 4>2>40<8 ;>38:8 O C<5; CA?>:>8BL A51O 8, ?@>94O 25AL >1@0B=K9 ?CBL, 2KH5; : =>G=><C =51C 87 425@8, >:>;> :>B>@>9 640; 8E5;L. -B>B, C284O <5=O, 2>A:;8:=C;: -- 0:>=5F-B>, 3>A?>48=  C?@5EB! 02=> ?>@0! 064CN <8=CBC <>3;8 =0A 70E20B8BL, :0: <KH59 2 <KH5;>2:5.  345 65 452CH:0? 5 CA?5; O >B25B8BL, :0: AB@5<8B5;L=> ?@81;878;0AL : =0< B0 <>=0E8=O, :>B>@0O AB>@>68;0 2E>4, 8 704KE0NI8<AO 3>;>A>< ?>2B>@8;0 2>?@>A: -- 45 A5AB@0 0@8O? / A:070; 2 >B25B >1>8<: -- !5AB@0 0@8O C<5@;0. > 5420 O ?@>87=QA MB8 A;>20, :0: 1;03>G5AB820O A5AB@0 :8=C;0AL =0 <5=O, A;>2=> 2715A82H0OAO :>H:0, AE20B8;0 <5=O 70 2>@>B >4564K 8 70:@8G0;0 =5A45@60==>, B0: GB> <>3;0 @071C48BL 25AL <>=0ABK@L: -- -B> BK C18; 5Q, ?>4;K9! !> 2A59 A8;>9 O >B>@20; >B A51O MBC 65=I8=C, 7060; 59 @>B @C:>9 8 A:070;: -- ;O=CAL B515 ?@5G8ABK< B5;>< %@8AB>2K<, -- A5AB@0 0@8O C<5@;0 =5 >B <>59 @C:8, => B51O O C1LN ?>4;8==>, 5A;8 BK 1C45HL :@8G0BL! >A;5 MB>3> O >BH2K@=C; 5Q >B A51O, 8 <>=0E8=O, C?02 =075<L, =0G0;0 B8E> ?;0:0BL, 0 <K A 8E5;5< ?>A?5H=> ?>H;8 G5@57 ?CABK==K9 42>@ : 2KE>4=K< 2>@>B0<, :>B>@K5 =0< 4@C30O ?@8425@=8F0 >B:@K;0 <>;G0 8 157 ?@><54;5=8O. >340 65 <K >:070;8AL 2=5 <>=0ABK@O, 8E5;L A?@>A8; <5=O: -- !B0;> 1KBL, 45;> =0H5 =5 C40;>AL? / >B25B8;: -- 0, 45;> =5 C40;>AL, => 2 ;035@L O =5 25@=CAL. !:068 3@0DC, GB> O 54C 2 70<>: 8 1C4C 53> 640BL B0<. 8E5;L =5 2>7@078; <=5 =8 A;>20, => ?@>2>48; <5=O 4> :>A>3>@0, 345 =0A 640;8 ;>H048, 8 ?><>3 <=5 A5ABL 2 A54;>, 0 O =0 ?@>I0=85 40; 5<C 7>;>B>9 ?8AB>;L, A:0702: -- "K 7=05HL, 8E5;L, O =5 1>30B, => <=5 E>G5BAO =03@048BL B51O, B0: :0: 87-70 <5=O BK ?>425@30;AO A<5@B5;L=>9 >?0A=>AB8. A;8 1K =0A 70AB0;8 2 <>=0ABK@5, 84B8 1K =0< >1>8< =0 :>ABQ@. ">;L:> ?>A;5 MB>3> O <>3 =0:>=5F 40BL :>=N H?>@K, ?>3=0BL 53> 2 =>GL 8 A=>20 1KBL 157 ;N459, =0548=5 A A>1>9, GB> B>340 1K;> <=5 B0: 65 =C6=>, :0: 45;LD8=C 4KH0BL =0 ?>25@E=>AB8 2>4K. ">G=>3> ?CB8 2 75<;8 3@0D0 O =5 7=0;, =>, =0?@0282 ;>H04L ?@81;878B5;L=> ?> =0?@02;5=8N : 70<:C, O 1@>A8; ?>2>4LO 8 ?>72>;8; 59 1560BL ?> ;C30<, >2@030< 8 1C5@0:0<. 8 > GQ< >?@545;Q==>< O =5 4C<0; 2 B>B G0A, => >4=> A>7=0=85 A> 2A59 ?>;=>B>9 2;045;> <>59 >=5<52H59 4CH>9: GB> =0 2A59 75<;5, A> 2A5<8 5Q AB@0=0<8, <>@O<8, @5:0<8, 3>@0<8 8 A5;5=8O<8, -- O A=>20 >48=>:. >@>9 5IQ 2A?><8=0;>AL <=5 O@:> ;8F>  5=0BK, 8A:06Q==>5 ?@54A<5@B=K< 1>@5=85<, 8 ?@8 <KA;8, GB> C65 =025@=>5 <=5 =5 2845BL 53> =8:>340 1>;LH5, O AB>=0; 3>@5AB=> 2 <>;G0=88 BQ<=KE ?>;59, 8 ?B8FK, 8A?C30==K5 2=570?=K< 72C:><, 27;5B0;8 24@C3 A> A2>8E 3=Q74 8 :@C68;8AL >:>;> <5=O. II >340 AB0;> A25B0BL, O @07>1@0;AO 2 4>@>30E 8, 2K5E02 =0 =0AB>OI89 ?CBL, : G0AC @0==59 >154=8 4>1@0;AO 4> 70<:0 <D>=> 5;;5=. N48 70<:0 1K;8 C482;5=K <>8< =5C@>G=K< ?>O2;5=85<, ?@8B>< >B45;L=> >B 3@0D0, 8 70?>4>7@8;8 <5=O 2 :0:><-B> ?@5ABC?;5=88, E>BO <>Q 2>72@0I5=85 8 ?@>B82>@5G8;> B0:><C =5;5?><C ?@54?>;>65=8N, -- => 2 :>=F5 :>=F>2 <5=O 2?CAB8;8 8 ?>72>;8;8 <=5 70=OBL <>N :><=0BC. "0<, 8AB><;Q==K9 4204F0BLN G5BK@L<O G0A0<8, ?@>254Q==K<8 157 A=0, 2 B5G5=85 :>B>@KE O ?5@568; F5;CN 687=L =04564, >BG0O=LO, C60A0 8 A:>@18, O 1@>A8;AO 2 ?>AB5;L 8 ?@>A?0; 4> ?>74=8E AC<5@5:. 5G5@>< A0<0 3@0D8=O, ?@5>4>;52 A2>Q :> <=5 ?@5=51@565=85, ?@8720;0 <5=O 2 A2>N :><=0BC 8 @0AA?@0H820;0 > =0H59 ?>574:5 A @E85?8A:>?>< 8 > ?>2>40E : <>5<C 2>72@0I5=8N, => O GC2AB2>20; A51O 5IQ B0: ?;>E>, GB> =5 <>3 A>G8=8BL ?@024>?>4>1=>9 8AB>@88, 8 3@0D8=O, :065BAO, A>G;0 <5=O 70 G5;>25:0, ?>B5@O2H53> @0AAC4>:. 0 A;54CNI89 45=L 2A5 2 70<:5 >1@0I0;8AL A> <=>9 A :0:>9-B> >?0A;82>9 >AB>@>6=>ABLN 8, <>65B 1KBL, 2 :>=F5 :>=F>2 A>G;8 1K =5>1E>48<K< ?>A048BL =0 F5?L, 5A;8 1K =0 A:;>=5 4=O =5 ?@85E0; 3@0D. @0DC O >1@04>20;AO :0: @>4=><C 8, :>340 <K >AB0;8AL =0548=5, >B:@>25==> @0AA:070; 5<C 2AQ, GB> ?5@568; 2 ?>475<5;L5, -- >= 65 A>>1I8; <=5, GB> ?@>87>H;> 2 <>=0ABK@5 ?>A;5 <>53> >BJ5740. > 53> A;>20<, :>340  5=0BC =0H;8 2 BN@L<5 <Q@B2>9, =8:B> =5 CA><=8;AO, GB> 5Q C<5@B28; LO2>;, 8 MB> ?>A;C68;> =>2>9 C;8:>9 ?@>B82 =5Q 8 5Q ?>4@C3. @0B $><0, =8A:>;L:> =5 AG8B0O 45;> ?>:>=G5==K<, B>BG0A ?@82;Q: : 4>?@>AC <=>38E 4@C38E A5ABQ@, :>B>@KE, =0 53> 273;O4, <>6=> 1K;> 70?>4>7@8BL 2 A=>H5=8OE A 45<>=0<8, 8 2A5 >=8, ?>425@3=CBK5 ?5@2>9 ?KB:5, ?>A?5H8;8 2725AB8 =0 A51O A0<K5 3815;L=K5 >128=5=8O. > ?>:070=8O< A5ABQ@, 25AL <>=0ABK@L 8 A0<0 1;03>G5AB820O <0BL 0@B0 3@5H=K 1K;8 2 AB@0H=KE ?@5ABC?;5=8OE, 2 ?0:B5 A LO2>;><, 2 ?>;QB0E =0 H010H, 2 A;C65=88 GQ@=>9 <5AAK 8 2AQ< ?>4>1=><. !;>2=> <=>3>:>;LG0BK9 7<59, AB0;> @072Q@BK20BLAO >128=5=85, 8 ;53:> <>6=> 1K;> >6840BL, GB> =0H8 8<5=0, 3@0D0, <>Q 8 8E5;O, 1C4CB 2?CB0=K 2 MB> A;54AB285. -- / =0@>G=> ?>A?5H8; AN40, GB>1K ?@54C?@548BL B51O,  C?@5EB, -- A:070; 2 70:;NG5=85 3@0D. -- >=5G=>, <>65B 3@>78BL >128=5=85 8 <=5, => 2@O4 ;8 MB>B ?@57@5==K9 "5@A8B, $><0, ?>A<55B C3@>60BL <=5 ?@O<>. > 2AO:>< A;CG05, >1> <=5 =5 15A?>:>9AO 8 7=09, GB> O, ?><=O 7025BK &8F5@>=0 2 53> @0AAC645=88 "De amicitia", =5 @0A:0820NAL =8A:>;L:>, GB> ?@8HQ; : B515 =0 ?><>IL. "K 65 <>65HL ?>?;0B8BLAO 65AB>:> 70 =0H8 =>G=K5 ?>E>645=8O, B5< 1>;55 GB> B2>9 ?>153 A;C68B ?@>B82 B51O 206=>9 C;8:>9. B0:, O A>25BCN B515 =5<54;O ?>:8=CBL MB>B :@09 8 =0 2@5<O ?5@5<5=8BL 8<O. /, @07C<55BAO, =5 70<54;8; ?>1;03>40@8BL 3@0D0 70 53> ?>AB>O==K5 701>BK >1> <=5 8 >B25B8;, GB> 53> A>25B A>2?0405B A <>8< @5H5=85<, :0: 2 459AB28B5;L=>AB8 8 1K;>. "CB 65 3@0D ?@54;>68; <=5 =5:>B>@CN AC<<C 45=53, :0: 2 2>7=03@0645=85 70 <>8 B@C4K A5:@5B0@O, B0: 8 ?@>AB> 2 2845 4@C65A:>3> ?>40@:0, => O ?@54?>GQ; >B:070BLAO, B0: :0: 157 B>3> 2> <=>3>< AB>O; 2 7028A8<>AB8 >B 3@0D0 8 MB> <5=O BO3>B8;>. ">340 3@0D, 70?;0:02, >1=O; <5=O 8 ?>F5;>20;, 8 E>BO MB>B ?>F5;C9 1K; 40= <=5 =5 :0: >B @02=>3> @02=><C, => :0: <8;>ABL 8;8 :0: ;N157=>ABL, >4=0:> O 2A?><8=0N 53> A @04>ABLN, 81> 2A5 A2>8 ?>ABC?:8 3@0D A>25@H0; 157 ;C:02AB20, A ?@>AB>4CH85<, :0: 48BO.  0=> CB@>< =0 A;54CNI89 45=L O >:>=G0B5;L=> ?>:8=C; 70<>: D>= 5;;5= 8 4> 45=0C 5E0; =0 ;>H048 3@0D0. 0;LH5 O >B?@028;AO ?5H:>< 8 =0 2>?@>AK > B><, :B> O, AB0; >B25G0BL, GB> O -- 1K2H89 ;0=4A:=5EB, ?@>18@0NAL =0 @>48=C, 0 GB> 7>2CB <5=O 5@=0@4 =5@F. CBL A2>9 O =0?@02;O; =0 N3, ?>B><C GB> E>B5;>AL <=5 =5?@5<5==> ?>A5B8BL A2>9 @>4=>9 >7359<, >B :>B>@>3> O 1K; C65 B0: 1;87:>, 8 ?>A;5 B@QE4=52=>3> ?CB5H5AB28O O 4>1@0;AO 4> E>@>H> <=5 7=0:><KE A 45BAB20 75;Q=KE A:;>=>2 >E20;L40. >GL O ?@>2Q; 2 3>AB8=8F5 "Halber Mond", ;560I59 ?>4 A0<K< >7359<><, 8 2>A?>;L7>20;AO MB8<, GB>1K >AB>@>6=>, =5 =07K20O A51O, @0AA?@>A8BL E>7O8=0 > A2>8E @>48B5;OE 8 > 2A5E :>340-B> 1;87:8E <=5 ;8F0E, >:@C602H8E <>Q 45BAB2> 8 N=>ABL. / C7=0;, 2>71;03>40@82 70 B> !>740B5;O, GB> <>9 >B5F 8 <>O <0BL 682K, GB> <>8 A5AB@K 8 1@0BLO 682CB AG0AB;82> 8 7068B>G=> 8 GB> <5=O 2A5 AG8B0NB ?>381H8< 2> 2@5<O B0;LO=A:>3> ?>E>40. #A;KH0; O B0:65 8 ?5G0;L=CN ?>25ABL, GB> 4@C30 <>59 N=>AB8, <8;>3> $@84@8E0, C65 =5B 2 682KE, =>, 2?@>G5<, 2> 2AQ< 4@C3><, AC4O ?> @0AA:070< E>7O8=0 3>AB8=8FK, 687=L 2 =0H5< >7359<5 87<5=8;0AL B0: <0;>, GB> ?>@>N <=5 :070;>AL, 1C4B> 8 =5 ?@>E>48;> 45AOB8 4>;38E ;5B 8 O 2A53> =5A:>;L:> 4=59 :0: @0AAB0;AO A 0?B5:0@5<, <5AB=K< ?0B5@><, E;51=8:>< 8 :C7=5F><. 0 70@5, B@>?8=:>9, 87CG5==>9 <=>N 5IQ <0;LG8:><, ?>HQ; O : @>4=><C 3>@>4C, :>B>@>3> =5 2840; AB>;L:> ;5B, > :>B>@>< 2A?><8=0;, :0: > A:07:5, A;KH0==>9 2 45BAB25, => :>B>@K9 ?@54AB02;O; O A B0:>9 >BGQB;82>ABLN, A;>2=> =0:0=C=5 5IQ >1>HQ; 53> 25AL. A;8 A8;L=> 1K;> <>Q 2>;=5=85, :>340 2=>2L, ?>A;5 1@>4O6=8G5AB20 70 :50=><, C2845; O 8740;8, A 10@:8, >G5@B0=8O 3>@>40 Q;L=0, B> B5?5@L >1;8: @>4=KE AB5=, AK7<0;0 7=0:><KE G5@5?8BG0BKE :@KH 1K; 4;O <>59 87<CG5==>9, =5 70I8IQ==>9 =8:0:8< I8B>< 4CH8 -- C40@>< A;8H:>< <>I=K<, 8 O 4>;65= 1K;, ?@8A52 =0 >4=>< 87 4>@>6=KE :0<=59, ?5@5640BL, ?>:0 CA?>:>8BAO <>Q A5@4F5, 81> >4=> 2@5<O =5 2 A8;0E 1K; ABC?8BL H03C. / =5 E>B5; 2E>48BL 2 3>@>4, ?>B><C GB> =5 E>B5; O28BLAO ?5@54 @>48B5;O<8, :0: 1;C4=K9 AK= 2 20=35;88, =8I8< 8 =5AG0AB=K<: 4;O <5=O MB> 1K;> 1K <CG8B5;L=K< ABK4><, 0 8< ;8HL ?@8=5A;> 1K ;8H=NN A:>@1L, B0: GB> ;CGH8< 1K;> >AB028BL 8E 2 C25@5==>AB8, GB> <5=O =5B 2 682KE, A G5< >=8 402=> ?@8<8@8;8AL. > <=5 =0AB>OB5;L=> E>B5;>AL 2845BL =0H 4><, 2 :>B>@>< O @>48;AO, ?@>68; 45BAB2> 8 3>4K N=>AB8, -- 8 <=5 :070;>AL, GB> 284 MB>3> AB0@>3> 4><8:0 1C45B 4;O <>59 4CH8 :0: =5:>5 C:@5?;ONI55 ?8BLQ, :>B>@>5 40AB <=5 A8;K =0G0BL =>2CN 687=L. >MB><C, C:;>=82H8AL A 1>;LH>9 4>@>38, 27>1@0;AO O =0 :@CB>9 :>A>3>@, ?>4K<0NI89AO A7048 A5;5=8O, -- <5AB>, :C40 ?> 25G5@0< E>4OB 2;N1;5==K5 ?0@K, => :>B>@>5 1K;> A>25@H5==> ?CABK==> 2 B>B @0==89 G0A 8 >B:C40 O <>3 2845BL 8 25AL >7359<, 8 >A>15==> =0H 4><8:, AB>OI89 C A0<>9 3>@K. @8;Q3H8 =0 75<;N, O, A 604=>ABLN ?LO=8FK, 3;O4OI53> =0 28=>, 2A<0B@820;AO 2 157;N4=K5 C;8FK, 2 4><0, E>7O52 :>B>@KE <>3 ?5@5G8A;8BL ?> 8<5=0<, 2 4><8: 0?B5:0@O, 345 ?@5645 68; <>9 $@84@8E, 2 3CABK5 A04K, 2 AB@>385 ;8=88 1>;LH>9 F5@:28, -- 8 ?>B>< 2=>2L ?5@52>48; 3;070 =0 @>4=>9 4><, =0 MBC :;04:C :0<=59, 4>@>3CN <=5, :0: 682>5 ACI5AB2>. / @0718@0; ?>4@>1=> 2A5 87<5=5=8O, :0:85 ?@8G8=8;8 3>4K =0H5<C 68;8IC: 2845;, GB> H8@>:> @07@>A;8AL 45@52LO 2 =0H5< A04C; >B<5B8;, GB> ?>:@828;0AL :@KH0 8 GCBL-GCBL ?>:>A8;8AL AB5=K; CA<>B@5;, GB> 2 >:=0E ?5@5<5=8;8AL 70=025A:8; O 2>AAB0=02;820; 2 ?0<OB8 @0A?>;>65=85 <515;8 2 :><=0B0E 8 AB0@0;AO C3040BL, GB> B0< AB>8B =>2>3> 8 GB> 87 AB0@>3> 8AG57;>; 8 O =5 70<5G0;, GB> ?@>E>48;> 2@5<O, GB> ?> A5;5=8N 7042830;8AL ;N48 8 GB> A>;=F5, ?>4=O2H8AL =04 3>@87>=B><, C65 =0G0;> ?0;8BL <5=O A8;L=>. 4@C3 @0AB2>@8;0AL 425@L =0H53> 4><0, -- =0 ?>@>35 ?>O28;0AL A=0G0;0 A3>@1;5==0O AB0@CH:0, 0 70 =59 4@OE;K9, => 5IQ 1>4@OI89AO AB0@8:: B> 1K;8 >B5F 8 <0BL, :>B>@KE O =5 <>3 =5 C7=0BL, =5A<>B@O =0 @0AAB>O=85, 8 ?> G5@B0< ;8F0, 8 ?> ?>E>4:5. !>94O A :@K;LF0, 3>2>@O > GQ<-B> 4@C3 A 4@C3><, >=8 A5;8 =0 A:0<55G:5 C 4><0, 3@5O A2>8 AB0@K5 A?8=K 2 B5?;5 2>AE>4OI53> A>;=F0. / -- 1@>4O30, ?@OGCI89AO 70 >:@08=0<8 3>@>40, O -- =5C40G=K9 ;0=4A:=5EB, =5C40G=K9 <>@O: 8 8A:0B5;L 7>;>B0, 871>@>7482H89 ;5A0 >2>9 A?0=88, O -- 3@5H=8:, ?@>402H89 4CHC 4LO2>;C, :>A=C2H89AO =5A:070==>3> AG0AB8O 8 2?02H89 2 1574=C ?>A;54=53> >BG0O=LO, O -- AK= MB8E 42CE AB0@8:>2, -- A<>B@5; =0 =8E C:@04:>N, 2>@>2A:8, =5 A<5O AB0BL ?5@54 =8<8 =0 :>;5=8, ?>F5;>20BL 8E A<>@I5==K5 @C:8, ?@>A8BL 8E 1;03>A;>25=8O. 8:>340 2 687=8 =5 8A?KBK20; O B0:>3> =0?;K20 AK=>2=59 ;N128, :0: 2 BC <8=CBC, A>7=020O, GB> >B5F 8 <0BL -- MB> 420 548=AB25==KE 2 <8@5 G5;>25:0, :>B>@K< 5ABL 4> <5=O 45;>, :>B>@K< O =5 GC6>9, -- 8 2AQ 2@5<O, ?>:0 425 <0;5=L:85, A3>@1;5==K5 D83C@:8 A845;8 C :@K;LF0, > GQ<-B> 15A54CO, <>65B 1KBL, >1> <=5, O =5 >B@K20; >B =8E 3;07, =0AKI0O A2>9 273;O4 402=> =5 2840==>9 <=>N :0@B8=>9 4><0H=53> AG0ABLO.  :>340 AB0@8:8 ?>4=O;8AL 8, B8E> 42830OAL, 25@=C;8AL 2 4><, :>340 70B2>@8;0AL 70 =8<8 =0H0 AB0@0O, ?>:>A82H0OAO 425@L, -- O ?>F5;>20;, 2<5AB> =8E, @>4=CN 75<;N, 2AB0; 8, =5 >1>@0G820OAL, ?>HQ; ?@>GL.  B>B 65 45=L O 1K; C65 2 5@F835. &5;LN <>59 1K;> 25@=CBLAO 2 >2CN A?0=8N, => C <5=O =5 1K;> 4>AB0B>G=> 45=53, GB>1K A>25@H8BL =0 A2>9 AGQB MB> 40;Q:>5 ?CB5H5AB285. >MB><C 2 8<?5@A:>< 3>@>45 !B@0A1C@35 ?>ABC?8; O, 2AQ ?>4 8<5=5< 5@=0@40 =5@F0, 2 >48= B>@3>2K9 4><, :>B>@K9 @0AAK;0; A2>8E A;C60I8E ?> @07=K< AB@0=0< 8 >E>B=> ?@8=O; <5=O =0 A;C61C 70 <>Q 7=0=85 =5A:>;L:8E O7K:>2 8 C<5=85 2;045BL H?03>9. 0: :C?5G5A:89 ?@8:07G8: ?@>68; O >:>;> B@QE <5AOF52, 8 @0AA:07 > 42CE 2AB@5G0E, A;CG82H8EAO A> <=>N 70 MB> 2@5<O, =5>1E>48<> 5IQ ?@8A>548=8BL : MB>9 ?@02482>9 ?>25AB8. K ?>A;0=K 1K;8 2 !02>9N ?>:C?0BL H5;:0, 8 ?CBL =0< ;560; G5@57 0?04=K5 ;L?K =0 3>@>4 5=52C. 0: 8725AB=>, =0 0;L?89A:8E 4>@>30E 2AB@5G05BAO <=>65AB2> 70B@C4=8B5;L=KE ?5@5?@02 G5@57 3>@=K5 ?>B>:8, :>B>@K5 =0< ?@8G8=O;8 >A>15==> <=>3> E;>?>B ?> ?@8G8=5 A8;L=KE 4>6459, GB> ?@>H;8 =5704>;3> 4> =0H53> ?@85740, >1@0B82 @CGL8 2 A28@5?K5 @5:8 8 A=5AO 2> <=>38E <5AB0E <>ABK. 5@54 >4=8< 87 B0:8E ?>B>:>2 4>25;>AL =0< >A>15==> 4>;3> ?@><5H:0BL, B0: :0: 53> =52>7<>6=> 1K;> 27OBL 21@>4 8 =0< A =0H8<8 ?@>2>4=8:0<8 ?@8H;>AL =02>48BL ;Q3:89 <>AB. 4=>2@5<5==> A =0<8 > B>< 65 E;>?>B0;8 ?@>2>4=8:8 42CE 4@C38E ?CB5H5AB25==8:>2, 5E02H8E 2 ?@>B82>?>;>6=>< =0?@02;5=88 8 AB>O2H8E ?5@54 =0<8 =0 4@C3>< 15@53C ?>B>:0. ">340 :0: <K 1K;8 >45BK 25AL<0 ?@>AB>, GB> 8 ?>4>10;> :C?F0<, 54CI8< ?> B>@3>2K< 45;0<, ?;0I8 8 H;O?K B5E 42CE ?CB5H5AB25==8:>2 >1;8G0;8 8E 7=0B=>5 ?@>8AE>645=85, 8, A>>1@07=> A MB8<, >=8 =5 2<5H820;8AL 2 @01>BC, 3>@4> >6840O 2 AB>@>=5 5Q >:>=G0=8O. 4=0:>, :>340 ?5@5E>4 1K; CAB@>5=, 7=0B=K5 A8=L>@K, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, >48= 87 =8E, =5?@5<5==> E>B5;8 ?5@55E0BL ?5@2K<8, 8 ?> MB><C ?>2>4C ?@>87>HQ; 3=52=K9 A?>@ <564C =8<8 8 <>8<8 B>20@8I0<8, E>BO O 8 C3>20@820; 8E =5 ?@84020BL 7=0G5=8O B0:><C <5;>G=><C >1AB>OB5;LAB2C. !?>@ <>3 ?5@59B8 2 2>>@C6Q==CN ABKG:C, =>, ?> AG0AB8N, 2B>@>9 87 @KF0@59 C1548; A2>53> A?CB=8:0 CABC?8BL =0<, 8 =0H <0;5=L:89 :0@020= ?5@2K9, A ?>154=K<8 :;8:0<8, ?5@5HQ; A0< 8 ?5@52Q; ;>H0459 ?> ?>;>65==K< 1@Q2=0<. :0702H8AL =0 4@C3>9 AB>@>=5, O AGQ; C<5AB=K< ?>1;03>40@8BL @KF0@O, :>B>@K9 A2>59 CGB82>ABLN 8 1;03>@07C<85< 871028; =0A >B =5C<5AB=>9 18B2K, =>, :>340 O ?@81;878;AO : =5<C, A 87C<;5=85< 8 2>;=5=85< C7=0; O 2 =Q< 3@0D0 5=@8E0, 0 2 53> A>B>20@8I5 -- NF80=0 (B59=0. 5@2CN <8=CBC ?>:070;>AL <=5, GB> 286C O ?5@54 A>1>9 2KE>4F0 87 <>38;K, -- B0: 40;5:0 >B <5=O 1K;0 <>O ?@>H;0O 687=L, 8 O =5 <>3 =8 3>2>@8BL, =8 42830BLAO, :0: 70G0@>20==K9. @0D 5=@8E B>65 2A<0B@820;AO =5A:>;L:> <3=>25=89 2 <>Q ;8F> <>;G0 8 =0:>=5F A:070;: -- / C7=0; 20A, 3>A?>48=  C?@5EB. 5@LB5, O 1K; >B 4CH8 @04, GB> C40@ <>59 H?038 B>340 =5 1K; 4;O 20A A<5@B5;L=K<. # <5=O =5 1K;> ?@8G8= C1820BL 20A, 8 <=5 1K;> 1K BO65;> =>A8BL =0 4CH5 20HC A<5@BL. / >B25B8;: --  O 4>;65= A:070BL 20<, 3@0D, GB> 2> <=5 =5B =8 <0;59H53> 7;>3> GC2AB20 ?@>B82 20A. -B> O 2K720; 20A 8 ?@8=C48; : ?>548=:C; =0=>AO <=5 C40@, 2K B>;L:> 70I8I0;8AL, 8 >3 =5 ?>AB028B 20< 53> 2 AGQB. >A;5 MB>3> >48= <83 <K <>;G0;8, 0 ?>B><, A 2=570?=K< ?>@K2><, 4065 25AL :0G=C2H8AL 2 A54;5, 3@0D 5=@8E 24@C3 A:070; <=5, :0: 3>2>@OB ;8HL G5;>25:C 1;87:><C: -- !:068B5 59, GB> O 65AB>:> 8A:C?8; 2AQ, 2 GQ< 28=>20B ?5@54 =59. A5 AB@040=8O, :0:85 O 59 ?@8G8=8;, >3 70AB028; 8A?KB0BL 8 <5=O.  O 25@=> 7=0N, GB> AB@040N 70 =5Q. / ?>=O;, :>3> 3@0D 5=@8E =5 E>B5; =0720BL ?> 8<5=8, 8 >B25B8; AB@>3> 8 B8E>: --  5=0BK 1>;55 =5B 2 682KE. @0D 5=@8E A=>20 274@>3=C; 8, C@>=82 ?>2>4LO, 70:@K; ;8F> @C:0<8. >B>< >= ?>4=O; =0 <5=O A2>8 1>;LH85 3;070 8 A?@>A8; 2>71C64Q==>: -- =0 C<5@;0? !:068B5 <=5, :0: >=0 C<5@;0? >, 24@C3 ?@5@202 A0<>3> A51O, >= 2>7@078;: -- 5B, =5 3>2>@8B5 <=5 =8G53>. @>I09B5, 3>A?>48=  C?@5EB. >25@=C2 ;>H04L, >= =0?@028; 5Q =0 2@5<5==K9 <>AB 8 A:>@> C65 1K; =0 4@C3>9 AB>@>=5 @52CG53> ?>B>:0, 345 53> 640;8 ?@>2>4=8:8 8 NF80=, 0 O ?>A:0:0; 4>3>=OBL A2>8E A>B>20@8I59, CH54H8E 40;5:> 2?5@Q4 ?> 3>@=>9, 2LNI59AO 4>@>35.  !02>95 ?@>1K;8 <K B@8 =545;8 8, 70:C?82 B>20@C, A:>;L:> =0< 1K;> =C6=>, @5H8;8 2>72@0B8BLAO G5@57 >D8=M, 345 <>6=> 1K;> AE>4=> ?@8>1@5AB8 10@E0B, :>B>@K< 53> 3>@>40 A;02OBAO, 8 A MB>9 F5;LN 87 "C@8=0 <K ?>5E0;8 2 !C7C, 0 87 !C7K 2 @5=>1;L, =0?@02;OOAL : 8>=C.  @5=>1;5, =51>;LH><, => <8;>< 3>@>4:5 =0 75@5, 345 <K ?@>25;8 1>;LH5 ACB>:, 640;> <5=O ?>A;54=55 ?@8:;NG5=85, 8<5NI55 A2O7L A @0AA:070==>9 <=>N 8AB>@859. 1>, :>340 CB@><, 157 >A>1>3> 45;0, 1@>48; O ?> 3>@>4C, >A<0B@820O 53> F5@:28 8 ?@>AB> 284K 53> C;8F, 2=570?=> :B>-B> >:;8:=C; <5=O =0 =0H5< O7K:5 ?> 8<5=8, 8 O, >15@=C2H8AL, 4>;3> =5 <>3 ?@87=0BL 703>2>@82H53> A> <=>9, ?>B><C GB> 53> <5=55 2AO:>3> 4@C3>3> >6840; O ?>2AB@5G0BL 2 MB>9 AB@0=5, 8 B>;L:> :>340 >= A51O =0720;, C2845; O, GB> MB> B>G=> CG5=8: 3@8??K 5BB5A359<A:>3>, 2@5;89. >340 O A?@>A8; 2@5;8O, ?> :0:>9 ?@8G8=5 >= =0E>48BAO 745AL, 2 >B25B >= 2KAK?0; ?5@54> <=>9 F5;K9 :>@>1 60;>1. -- E, 3>A?>48=  C?@5EB, -- 3>2>@8; >=, -- 4;O =0A =0AB0;8 >G5=L ?;>E85 4=8! #G8B5;L, ?>:8=C2 3>@>4 >==, 4C<0; 1K;> ?>A5;8BLAO 2 8>=5, 345 >= 8 ?@5645 68; 8 345 C =53> 5ABL @>4AB25==8:8 8 ?>:@>28B5;8. > 2=570?=> B0< 53> AE20B8;8 8 1@>A8;8 2 BN@L<C, ?OB845AOB8;5B=53> AB0@8:0, 157 >1JOA=5=8O ?@8G8=, 157> 2AO:>9 28=K A 53> AB>@>=K, :065BAO, ?>B><C B>;L:>, GB> 2 53> A>G8=5=8OE 5ABL =0?04:8 =0 0?5B>2! @0240, ?> E>40B09AB2C 2;8OB5;L=KE 4@C759, 53> A:>@> 2K?CAB8;8, => <=>3>3> 87 8<CI5AB20 5<C =5 2>72@0B8;8, 40 8 A0< >=, :0: G5;>25: AB0@K9 8 E2>@K9, 70=5<>3. 7 8>=0 ?5@55E0;8 <K =0;53:5 AN40, => CG8B5;L A>2A5< A;Q3 2 ?>AB5;L, 2>B =5 2AB0QB :>B>@K9 45=L, 8 5<C >G5=L EC4>. IQ 1;03>40@5=85 >A?>4C, GB> ?@8=O; 2 =0A CG0AB85 >48= 87 745H=8E 284=KE ;N459, 3>A?>48= $@0=AC0 45 0H>=, ?@57845=B ?0@;0<5=B0, -- >= 40; =0< ?@8NB 8 ?@>?8B0=85, 0 B> C =0A @5H8B5;L=> E;510 =5 =0 GB> 1K;> 1K :C?8BL! / A?@>A8;, <>6=> ;8 <=5 ?>A5B8BL 3@8??C, 8 2@5;89 >B25B8;: --  07C<55BAO, <>6=>, 40 8 ?>@0 <=5 25@=CBLAO, B0: :0: 1>NAL O =04>;3> ?>:840BL CG8B5;O. 2@5;89 ?>2Q; <5=O ?> =0?@02;5=8N : 75@C, ?> ?CB8 ?@>4>;60O 60;>20BLAO =0 =5A?@0254;82>ABL 8 =51;03>40@=>ABL ;N459 8, <564C ?@>G8<, 3>@L:> C?@5:0O <>53> ?@8OB5;O >30==0 59@0, :>B>@K9 ?5@54 >BJ574>< 3@8??K 2 >D8=M ?>:8=C; CG8B5;O 8 2 =0AB>OI55 2@5<O 68; 1;03>?>;CG=> 2 0@865. 0 C3;C =015@56=>9 8 4@C3>9 C;8FK AB>O; =52KA>:89, AB0@8==K9 4><, C:@0H5==K9, 2?@>G5<, :0:8<-B> 35@1><, 2KA5G5==K< 87 :0<=O, -- 8 MB> 1K;> 68;8I5, :>B>@>5 70=8<0; B5?5@L, 87 <8;>AB8, 3@8??0 5BB5A359<A:89. 420 <K 2>H;8 2 A5=8, :0: =02AB@5GC =0< 2KH5; 23CAB8=, 25AL 2 A;570E, GB> <0;> A>>B25BAB2>20;> 53> H8@>:><C, :@C3;><C ;8FC, 8, 701K2 4065 ?>74>@>20BLAO A> <=>9, 8725AB8;, GB> CG8B5;N A>2A5< ?;>E>. 0 FK?>G:0E ?@>H;8 <K 2 :><=0BC, 345 =0 H8@>:>9 AC?@C65A:>9 :@>20B8, ?>4 10;40E8=><, 2 =5C4>1=>< ?>;>65=88, ;560; =5?>4286=>, ?@>BO=C2 @C:8 24>;L B5;0, 25;8:89 G0@>459, C65 ?>E>689 =0 <5@B25F0, 81> G5@BK ;8F0 53> >1>AB@8;8AL, 0 1>@>40 1K;0 402=> =51@8B0 8 :070;0AL >B@>AH59 ?>A;5 A<5@B8. >:@C3 :@>20B8 2 A:>@1=>< <>;G0=88 AB>O;8 CG5=8:8, A;C38 8 AK=>2LO 3@8??K, 0 B0:65 8 420-B@8 ;8F0, <=5 =57=0:><KE, B0: GB> 2A53>, O 4C<0N, 1K;> BCB, AG8B0O A> <=>9, G5;>25: 45AOBL 8;8 >48==04F0BL. :>;> A0<>9 ?>AB5;8 A845;0 =0 704=8E ;0?0E, ?>;>682 C=K;> <>@4C =0 >45O;>, 1>;LH0O GQ@=0O A>10:0, A <>E=0B>N H5@ABLN, B0, :>B>@CN 3@8??0 =07K20; Monsegnieur. AO >1AB0=>2:0 :><=0BK ?@>872>48;0 2?5G0B;5=85 2@5<5==>3> ?@820;0, ?>B><C GB> A@548 <515;8, >AB02;5==>9, ?>-2848<><C, 2;045;LF5< 4><0, 25745 2845;8AL 25I8 3@8??K, 8, <564C ?@>G8<, ?>2AN4C 1K;8 @071@>A0=K :=838. !>1@02H85AO HQ?>B>< >1<5=820;8AL <564C A>1>9 @07;8G=K<8 70<5G0=8O<8, => O =5 <>3 ?>=OBL, GB> 3>2>@8;8 ;N48, <=5 =57=0:><K5, B0: :0: >=8 15A54>20;8 =0 D@0=FC7A:>< O7K:5. / A;KH0; B>;L:>, :0: -<<0=CM;L A:070; 2@5;8N GB> 2> 2@5<O 53> >BACBAB28O 1K; ?@83;0HQ= A2OI5==8:, GB> 3@8??0 1K; B>340 2 A>7=0=88, 8A?>2540;AO 8 ?@8G0AB8;AO !2OBKE "09=, 8 2Q; A51O ?@8 MB>< B08=AB25, ?> A;>20< 4CE>2=8:0, ":0: A2OB>9", -- GB> <5=O ?>@078;> >G5=L. ! A2>59 AB>@>=K, O A?@>A8; C -<<0=CM;O, =025I0; ;8 3@8??C <548:, 8 >= >B25B8; <=5, GB> =5>4=>:@0B=> 8 GB> 2A5 <5@K, ?@54?8AK205<K5 2@0G51=K< 8A:CAAB2><, 1K;8 A2>52@5<5==> ?@8=OBK, => GB> =8:0:>9 =04564K =0 A?0A5=85 1>;L=>3> A>E@0=OBL =52>7<>6=> 8 GB> A<5@BL C65 ?>AB028;0 A2>N :>AC C 873>;>2LO MB>9 ?>AB5;8. / 4C<0N, 1>;55 ?>;CG0A0 ?@>25;8 <K 2 B><8B5;L=>< >6840=88, ?@8GQ< 3@8??0 =5 87<5=O; A2>53> ?>;>65=8O 8 =5 428=C;AO =8 >4=8< G;5=><, 8 B>;L:> E@8?;>5 53> 4KE0=85 A2845B5;LAB2>20;>, GB> >= 5IQ 682, 8 O C65 A>18@0;AO, E>BO 1K 2@5<5==>, 25@=CBLAO : A2>8< A>B>20@8I0< 8 A>>1I8BL 8<, 345 O =0E>6CAL, -- :0: 24@C3 A>25@H8;0AL AF5=0 C60A=0O 8 4;O <5=O =5?>=OB=0O. #<8@0NI89 2=570?=> >B:@K; 3;070 8, >1254O =0A 2A5E 273;O4>< BCA:;K<, :0: 1K =8G53> =5 284OI8<, >B :>B>@>3> 2A5 <K >F5?5=5;8, >AB0=>28; 53> =0 A>10:5, A8452H59 >:>;> :@>20B8. >B>< :>AB;O20O, A>25@H5==> ?>65;B52H0O 8 C :@0Q2 ?0;LF52 4065 ?>G5@=52H0O @C:0 >B45;8;0AL >B >45O;0, =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O :>;KE0;0AL 15AA8;L=> 2 2>74CE5, :0: 5A;8 1K >=0 C65 =5 ?>28=>20;0AL 2>;5 G5;>25:0, 8 <54;5==> >?CAB8;0AL =0 H5N A>10:8. 0<5@52 2 =5?>=OB=>< C60A5, 2845;8 <K, :0: 3@8??0 A8;8;AO @0AAB53=CBL >H59=8:, 8A?8A0==K9 :010;8AB8G5A:8<8 ?8AL<5=0<8, :0: =0:>=5F 4>AB83 MB>3>, 8 72O:0=L5 >H59=8:0, C?02H53> =0 ?>;, ?>B@OA;> =0A A>4@>30=85<, :0: A0<0O AB@0H=0O C3@>70.  BC 65 <8=CBC A:;55==K5 3C1K 3@8??K, 2> 2AQ< ?>4>1=K5 3C10< B@C?0, @0745;8;8AL, 8 A:2>7L BO6:89 E@8? C<8@0NI53> <K >BGQB;82> CA;KE0;8 ?@>87=5AQ==K<8 A;54CNI85 A;>20: -- >48 ?@>GL, @>:;OBK9! B B51O 2A5 <>8 =5AG0AB8O! @>3>2>@82 MB>, 3@8??0 A=>20 >AB0;AO =5?>42865=, A><:=C2 CAB0 8 70:@K2 3;070, 0 @C:0 53>, :>B>@>9 >= @0AAB53=C; >H59=8:, A28A;0 A ?>AB5;8, :0: 2>A:>20O, => <K 5IQ =5 CA?5;8 A>>1@078BL A<KA;0 CA;KH0==KE A;>2, :0: 4@C3>5 C4828B5;L=>5 O2;5=85 ?@82;5:;> =0H5 2=8<0=85. 'Q@=0O A>10:0, A :>B>@>9 E>7O8= A=O; <038G5A:89 >H59=8:, 2A:>G8;0, =87:> =0:;>=8;0 3>;>2C, >?CAB8;0 E2>AB <564C =>3 8 ?>1560;0 ?@>GL 87 :><=0BK. 5A:>;L:> <3=>25=89 <K =5 7=0;8, GB> 45;0BL, => ?>B>< =5:>B>@K5, 8 O 2 B>< G8A;5, ?>28=COAL =5>4>;8<><C ;N1>?KBAB2C, 1@>A8;8AL : >:=C, 2KE>482H5<C =0 =015@56=CN. K C2845;8, GB> Monsegnieur, 2K15602 87 425@8 4><0, ?@>4>;60; 1560BL, A>E@0=OO A2>N C=865==CN ?>204:C, ?> C;8F5, 4>1560; 4> A0<>3> 15@530 @5:8, A> 2A53> @071530 :8=C;AO 2 2>4C 8 1>;55 =5 ?>O2;O;AO =0 ?>25@E=>AB8.  O, 8 2A5 4@C385 A2845B5;8 MB>3> 548=AB25==>3> A0<>C189AB20 =5 <>3;8, :>=5G=>, =5 2A?><=8BL B08=AB25==KE @>AA:07=59, :>B>@K5 E>48;8 >1 MB>9 A>10:5, 0 8<5==>, GB> MB> =5 :B> 8=>9, :0: 4><0H=89 45<>=, CA;C30<8 :>B>@>3> 3@8??0 ?>;L7>20;AO, CABC?82 2 >1<5= LO2>;C A?0A5=85 A2>59 4CH8. 5=O >A>15==> ?>@078;8 ?@54A<5@B=K5 A;>20 3@8??K 8 2AQ 53> ?>2545=85 2284C B>3> AC@>2>3> >AC645=8O <0388, :>B>@>5 >= :>340-B> ?@>87=QA ?5@54> <=>N, >A<5820O ;65<03>2, 70=8<0NI8EAO 3>95B5959, 8 =07K20O 8E D>:CA=8:0<8 8 H0@;0B0=0<8. 0 :@0B:89 <83, A;>2=> ?@8 153;>9 2A?KH:5 <>;=88, C2845; O 3@8??C, E>BO =0 A<5@B=>< >4@5, B5< B08=AB25==K< G0@>455<, 682CI8< 8=>9 687=LN, =565;8 4@C385 ;N48, :0:8< 87>1@0605B 53> =0@>4=0O <>;20. > 2 BC <8=CBC <=5 =5 1K;> 2@5<5=8 704C<K20BLAO =04 B0:8<8 2>?@>A0<8, ?>B><C GB> 3>@5AB=K5 2>A:;8F0=8O ;8F, >AB02H8EAO 1;87 ?>AB5;8 C<8@0NI53>, 8725AB8;8 =0A, GB> 53> AB@040=8O :>=G8;8AL. ">BG0A 2>:@C3 =0G0;>AL >1KG=>5 2>;=5=85, :0:>5 A>740QB 2 =0H59 687=8 A<5@BL, 2A5340 ?040NI0O A;>2=> BO6Q;K9 :0<5=L 2 AB>OGCN 2>4C, -- 8 >4=8 87 CG5=8:>2, ?;0G0, F5;>20;8 @C:8 ?>G82H5<C CG8B5;N, 4@C385 701>B8;8AL 70:@KBL 5<C 3;070, B@5BL8 A?5H8;8 ?>720BL :0:8E-B> 65=I8=, GB>1K ><KBL 8 C1@0BL B5;> ?>:>9=>3>; !:>@> :><=0B0 AB0;0 =0?>;=OBLAO <=>65AB2>< ;N459, ?@8H54H8E 273;O=CBL =0 C<5@H53> <030, 0 O 2>A?>;L7>20;AO >1I59 AC5B=Q9 8 =570<5B=> C40;8;AO 87 4><0, 2 :>B>@>< 1K; B5?5@L ;8H=8<. !2>8< A?CB=8:0<, 7=02H8< <5=O 70 4>1@>3> B>20@8I0 5@=0@40, O, :>=5G=>, =8G53> =5 A:070; > 2845==>< <=>N, 8 2 B>B 65 45=L 25G5@>< <K 2K5E0;8 87 3>@>40 @5=>1;O. 5@=C2H8AL 2 !B@0A1C@3, O ?>;CG8; =0 A2>N 4>;N AC<<C 45=53, 4>AB0B>G=CN, GB>1K =0 A2>9 AB@0E ?@54?@8=OBL ?CB5H5AB285 2 A?0=8N, 8 A>25@H8; 53> 2 3;CECN 78<C, 157 >A>1KE ?@>8AH5AB289, G5@57 2AN $@0=F8N. 0 8A?0=A:>9 75<;5 ?>GC2AB2>20; O A51O A;>2=> =0 2B>@>9 A2>59 @>48=5 8 2 8;L10> 157 >A>1>3> B@C40 =0HQ; ;8F, :>B>@K< <>Q 8<O 1K;> =5 A>2A5< =57=0:><> 8 :>B>@K5 A>3;0A8;8AL ?@8A>548=8BL <5=O, :0: G5;>25:0 >?KB=>3> 8 45;L=>3>, : 70<KH;5==>9 8<8 M:A?548F88 2 >2K9 !25B, -- 0 8<5==> =0 A525@ >B AB@0=K $;>@84K, 225@E ?> B5G5=8N @5:8 !2OB>3> CE0, 345 AG0AB;82K< 8A:0B5;O< C4020;>AL >B:@KBL F5;K5 @>AAK?8 7>;>B0. "0:8< >1@07><, <>8 A:@><=K5 ?;0=K >ACI5AB28;8AL, 8 25A=>9, A ?5@2K<8 >B?;K20NI8<8 :0@25;0<8, =0H5 AC4=> >B?@028BAO 70 >:50=. 5AOFK 2K=C645==>3> 157459AB28O, ?>:0 =0H :>@01;L 3@C78BAO, ?>:0 A>18@05BAO 4;O =53> M:8?06 8 78<=85 25B@K 45;0NB >?0A=K< ?;020=85 2 >B:@KB>< <>@5, O ?>A2OB8; A>AB02;5=8N MB8E ?@02482KE 70?8A>:, -- <CG8B5;L=K9 B@C4, 2 :>B>@K9 2:;04K20N O =K=5 ?>A;54=NN A:@5?C. 5 <=5 AC48BL, A :0:8< 8A:CAAB2>< C40;>AL <=5 ?5@5A:070BL B515, 1;03>A:;>==K9 G8B0B5;L, 2A5 B5 65AB>:85 <CG8B5;LAB20 8 B5 BO3>AB=K5 8A?KB0=8O, 2 :0:85 2>2;5:;0 <5=O =5C45@6=0O AB@0ABL : 65=I8=5, 8 =5 <=5 >F5=820BL, <>3CB ;8 MB8 70?8A:8 1KBL ?>;57=K< ?@54>AB5@565=85< 4;O A;01KE 4CH, :>B>@K5, ?>4>1=> <=5, 70E>BOB ?>G5@?0BL A8;K 2 GQ@=KE 8 A><=8B5;L=KE :>;>4F0E <0388 8 45<>=><0=B88. > 2AO:>< A;CG05, O ?8A0; A2>N ?>25ABL A> 2A59 >B:@>25==>ABLN, 2KAB02;OO ;N459 B0:8<8, :0:>2K<8 >=8 <=5 ?@54AB02;O;8AL, 8 =5 I04O A51O A0<>3>, :>340 =04> 1K;> 87>1@078BL A2>8 A;01>AB8 8 =54>AB0B:8, 0 B0:65 =5 CB0820; O =8G53> 87 B5E 7=0=89, :0:85 ?>;CG8; > B09=KE =0C:0E 87 ?@>G8B0==KE <=>N :=83, 87 A2>53> =5AG0AB=>3> >?KB0 8 87 @5G59 CGQ=KE, A :>B>@K<8 A1;860;8 <5=O A;CG09=>AB8 <>59 AC4L1K. 5 65;0O ;30BL 2 ?>A;54=8E AB@>:0E A2>53> @0AA:070, A:06C, GB> 5A;8 1K 687=L <>O 25@=C;0AL =0 ?>;B>@0 3>40 =0704 8 2=>2L =0 NAA5;L4>@DA:>9 4>@>35 640;0 <5=O 2AB@5G0 A> AB@0==>9 65=I8=>9, -- <>65B 1KBL, 2=>2L A>25@H8; 1K O 2A5 B5 65 157C<AB20 8 2=>2L ?5@54 B@>=>< 4LO2>;0 >B@Q:AO 1K >B 25G=>3> A?0A5=8O, ?>B><C GB> 8 ?>=K=5, :>340  5=0BK C65 =5B, 2 4CH5 <>59, :0: >16830NI89 C3>;L, 682QB =5?>1548<0O ;N1>2L : =59, 8 2>A?><8=0=85 > =545;OE =0H53> AG0AB8O 2 Q;L=5 =0?>;=O5B <5=O B>A:>9 8 B><;5=85<, =5=0AKI5==>9 8 =5=0AKB8<>9 6064>9 5Q ;0A: 8 5Q 1;87>AB8. > A> AB@>3>9 C25@5==>ABLN <>3C O 745AL 40BL :;OB2C, ?5@54 A2>59 A>25ABLN, GB> 2 1C4CI5< =5 >B40< O =8:>340 B0: 1>3>EC;LAB25==> 15AA<5@B=>9 4CH8 A2>59, 2;>65==>9 2 <5=O !>740B5;5<, -- 2> 2;0ABL >4=>3> 87 53> A>740=89, :0:>9 1K A>1;07=8B5;L=>9 D>@<>9 >=> =8 1K;> >1;5G5=>, 8 GB> =8:>340, :0: 1K =8 1K;8 BO3>AB=K >1AB>OB5;LAB20 <>59 687=8, =5 >1@0ICAL O : A>459AB28N >AC64Q==KE &5@:>2LN 3040=89 8 70?@5B=KE 7=0=89 8 =5 ?>?KB0NAL ?5@5ABC?8BL A2OI5==CN 3@0=L, >B45;ONICN =0H <8@ >B BQ<=>9 >1;0AB8, 345 28B0NB 4CE8 8 45<>=K. >A?>4L >3 =0H, 284OI89 2AQ 8 3;C18=K A5@45G=K5, 7=05B 2AN G8AB>BC <>59 :;OB2K. <8=L.


1 ] [ 2 ] [ 3 ] [ 4 ] [ 5 ] [ 6 ] [ 7 ] [ 8 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ] [ 11 ] [ 12 ] [ 13 ] [ 14 ] [ 15 ] [ 16 ] [ 17 ] [ 18 ]

/ Полные произведения / Брюсов В.Я. / Огненный ангел


Смотрите также по произведению "Огненный ангел":


2003-2022 Litra.ru = Сочинения + Краткие содержания + Биографии
Created by Litra.RU Team / Контакты

 Яндекс цитирования
Дизайн сайта — aminis