Войти... Регистрация
Поиск Расширенный поиск



Есть что добавить?

Присылай нам свои работы, получай litr`ы и обменивай их на майки, тетради и ручки от Litra.ru!

/ Полные произведения / Булгарин Ф.В. / Иван Иванович Выжигин

Иван Иванович Выжигин [2/2]

  Скачать полное произведение

    . >;>3>@4>2A:89 E>B5; ?@074=>20BL @>645=85 A2>59 65=K 8 2<5AB5 A B5< 2K83@KH BO61K > 45AOB8 45AOB8=0E 75<;8. "O610 MB0 ?@>4>;60;0AL B@84F0BL ;5B 8 :064>9 AB>@>=5 AB>8;0 2 H5ABL45AOB @07 1>;55, =565;8 ?@54<5B A?>@0. > :0: 3;02=>5 45;> A>AB>O;> 2 B><, GB>1K ?>AB028BL =0 A2>5<, B> ?C1;8G=>5 87JO2;5=85 @04>AB8 A;C68;> :0: 1K 2>7=03@0645=85< 70 2A5 >A:>@1;5=8O 8 8745@6:8, ?>=5A5==K5 2> 2@5<O BO61K, 8 2<5AB5 C=8G865=85< ?@>B82=8:0. 0 =545;N 2?5@54 @07>A;0=K 1K;8 ?@83;0H5=8O : @>4=K<, A>A54O< 8 4065 40;5:8< 7=0:><K< 2 3C15@=88. 84-0@5=40B>@ ?@8AB028; 42CE 4@C38E 684>2, ?>4@O4G8:>2, 4;O 4>AB02;5=8O 28= 8 ?@O=KE :>@5=L52 : AB>;C. -B8 <=8<K5 ?>4@O4G8:8, :0: O ?>A;5 ?>4A;CH0; C ?@8:07G8:0 0=GC:>2A:>3>, ?@>4020;8 B>20@K, ?@8=04;5602H85 =0H5<C 0@5=40B>@C, :>B>@K9 =5 E>B5; AB028BL ?@8?0AK >B A2>53> 8<5=8, >BB>3> GB> >?0A0;AO C?;0BK >1O70B5;LAB2>< 8;8 25:A5;5<, 2 G5< =5 A<5; >B:070BL 3-=C >;>3>@4>2A:><C. > :0: =0;8G=KE 45=53 2 4><5 =5 1K;>, 0 E;51 5I5 =5 ?>A?5;, B> ?>A52 ?H5=8FK 8 @68 1K; ?@>40= 45AOB8=0<8 2 ?>;5, 8;8, :0: 3>2>@8BAO, _=0 :>@=N_. 0H 0@5=40B>@ 27O; 4>25@5==>ABL >B <=8<KE ?>AB02I8:>2 4;O ?>;CG5=8O E;510 ?>A;5 A=OB8O 53> 8 C<>;>B0 8 B@5E 4N68= B5;OB, ?>A;5 @>645=8O, A CA;>285< :>@<8BL 2 ?@>4>;65=85 2>AL<8 <5AOF52. "0:8< >1@07>< 3. >;>3>@4>2A:89, ?@>402 E;51 2 =54@0E 75<;8 8 A:>B ?@5645 @>645=8O =0 A25B, ?>;CG8; >3@><=K9 70?0A 28=0 8 AB>;>2KE ?@8?0A>2, :>B>@K5 4>;65=AB2>20;8 8AG57=CBL 2 >4=8 ACB:8. A5 >E>B=8:8 87 45@525=L @07>A;0=K 1K;8 2 ;5A0 4;O ?@8?0A5=8O 48G8: 8< @>740=> 1K;> ?> DC=BC ?>@>EC 8 ?> B@8 DC=B0 4@>18, A CA;>285< 4>AB028BL =5?@5<5==> ?> H5ABL45AOB HBC: 48G8=K. 0 420 DC=B0 ?>@>EC ?>;030;>AL B@8 70:>==K5 ?@><0E0, 0 70 >AB0;L=K5 =04;560;> 2=>A8BL 2 3>A?>4A:CN :07=C ?> 3@82=5 A5@51@><. 84-0@5=40B>@ ?@54AB028; 3-=C >;>3>@4>2A:><C A?8A>: 2A5E :@5ABLO=, C :>B>@KE 1K;8 :C@K, FK?;OB0, O9F0 8 <0A;>.  MB8< E>7O520< >B@O65=K 1K;8 42>@>2K5 ;N48 4;O 27OB8O 2A53> MB>3> 4>1@>N 2>;5N 8;8 =0A8;L=>. "5<, :>B>@K5 >B404CB ?> 4>1@>9 2>;5, >15I0=> 1K;> 2>7=03@0645=85 CABC?:>N, ?> F5=5 =5A:>;L:8E 4=59 10@I8=K; ?@>B82OI8<AO 25;5=> 1K;> =0?><=8BL > ACI5AB2>20=88 3-=0 0=GC:>2A:>3> 8 ?>3@>78BL M:75:CF859. -:75:CF85N 2 ?>;LA:8E 3C15@=8OE =07K205BAO >B:><0=48@>2:0 : <C68:C =5A:>;L:> 42>@>2KE ;N459, >1K:=>25==> 1CO=>2, :>B>@K5 4> B5E ?>@ 1CHCNB, 54OB 8 ?LNB 2 4><5, ?>:0 :@5ABLO=8= =5 70?;0B8B 4>;6=KE ?>40B59 8;8 :0:8E-=81C4L 3>A?>4A:8E ?>28==>AB59. =>340 MB8 M:75:CF88 ?>AK;0NBAO 2 =0:070=85 70 =58A?@02=>ABL 2 @01>B5, 70 3@C1>ABL ?@>B82C 6840 8 70 4@C385 @07=K5 ?@8G8=K. @83>B>2;5=8O : 10;C, 2 ?@>4>;65=85 A5<8 4=59, ?@>8725;8 2 3>A?>4A:>< 4><5 =5>1K:=>25==CN AC5BC 8 :CB5@L<C. > 45@52=O< 1K; A>25@H5==K9 @071>9, =5?@8OB5;LA:>5 =0H5AB285! >;>4=0O 42>@=O 459AB2>20;0, :0: =0AB>OI85 <0@>45@K. =8 8A:0;8 :C@ 2 AC=4C:0E, <0A;0 2 15;L5 8 O8F 70 ?07CE>9, ?>E8I0;8 GB> <>3;8 8 345 <>3;8 8 2A5<8 2>7<>6=K<8 A@54AB20<8 >1860;8 154=KE ?>A5;O= 8 101. 540, ACI0O 1540, :>340 ;N4O< =87:>3> 720=8O, 157 2>A?8B0=8O 8 =@02AB25==>AB8, 4>AB0=5BAO 2;0ABL! =8 AB0@0NBAO =0 4@C38E 2K<5I0BL 2A5 A2>5 C=865=85 8 4C<0NB, GB> 2>71C640NB : A515 C2065=85, :>340 70AB02;ONB 4@C38E B@5?5B0BL ?5@54 A>1>N. 0 3>A?>4A:89 42>@ 15A?@5AB0==> ?@81530;8 <C68:8 8 101K A 60;>10<8, GB> >B =8E B@51CNB =52>7<>6=>3>; :;O;8AL, GB> 684 ?>:070; =0 =8E ;>6=>; GB> >=8 =5 8<5NB B>3>, GB> A =8E 27KA:820NB. "I5B=K5 60;>1K! . >;>3>@4>2A:89 25@8; 684C 1>;55, =565;8 65=5 8 45BO<; >= >BAK;0; 60;CNI8EAO : 3-=C 0=GC:>2A:><C, :>B>@K9 >4=8< A2>8< 284>< A3>=O; 8E A> 42>@0. 0 :CE=5 ?@>872>48;0AL @01>B0 45=L 8 =>GL, 0 GB>1K ?@54C?@548BL 2>@>2AB2>, : 425@O< :CE=8 ?@8AB02;5=K 1K;8, 87 :>=NE>2, G0A>2K5, :>B>@K5 A0<8 :@0;8 :CA:8 <OA0, :C@ 8 O9F0 8 =>GLN >B=>A8;8 2 :>@G<C. A5 A;C68B5;8 70=OBK 1K;8 G8AB:>N 8 C1>@:>N :><=0B.  ?5@2K9 @07, 2 B5G5=85 3>40, ?>B@52>65=K 1K;8 ?0C:8 8 A>3=0=K A D0<8;L=KE ?>@B@5B>2. C1>2K5 8 >;LE>2K5 :@5A;0 >1BO=CBK =>2>N E>;AB8=>9. 515;8 :@0A=>3> 45@520, C:@0H02H85 425 :><=0BK 2 F5;>< 4><5, 2<5AB> ;0:C, A<070=K 1K;8 45@52O==K< <0A;><. >;K 2KA:>1;8;8 =0=>2>, ?>B><C GB> 2K<KBL 8E 1K;> =52>7<>6=>. A5 75@:0;0 87 D;835;59, ?@8=04;5602H85 ?>G5B=K< A;C30<, @57845=B0< 8 ?>6820;L=8F0<, 2=5A5=K 1K;8 2 3>A?>4A:85 :><=0BK, :>B>@K5, A25@E 2A5E ?5@5<5= 8 >1=>2>:, C1@0=K 1K;8, =0:0=C=5 ?@074=8:0, D5AB>=0<8 87 5;>2KE 8 A>A=>2KE 25B259. ><0H=85 <C7K:0=BK ?>2B>@O;8 8 CG8;8AL 15A?@5AB0==> =0 3C<=5, 345 >B5F 857C8B, 1>;LH>9 E8<8:, ?> <=5=8N F5;>9 3C15@=88, ?@83>B>2;O; D595@25@: 4;O AN@?@870 3-65 >;>3>@4>2A:>9; 420 >E>B=8:0 @01>B0;8 ?>4 53> 2545=85<. ;O 3>AB8=KE ;>H0459 >B2545=0 1K;0 >A>15==0O :>=NH=O 8 ?@83>B>2;5= 70?0A _3>AB8=>3> A5=0_, B> 5ABL 45AOB:0 420 2>7>2 >A>:8 8 1>;>B=>9 B@02K, :>B>@>9 =52>7<>6=> 1K;> 8AB5@5BL 65@=>2><, 0 =5 B>;L:> :>=A:8<8 7C10<8; _3>AB8=K9_ >25A ?5@5<5H0= 1K; ?>?>;0< A @570=>N A>;><>9, 8;8 A5G:>N, 8 A <O:8=>N. 0:>=K 3>AB5?@88<AB20 ?>25;520NB, GB>1 3>AB8, A;C38 8E 8 ;>H048 1K;8 AKBK; => :0: E>7O8= 4>;65= 701>B8BLAO >1 C3>I5=88 8 C?>4G820=88 3>A?>4, B> 5A;8 A;C38 8 ;>H048 3>;>4=K, 2AO 28=0 A20;8205BAO, >1K:=>25==>, =0 C?@028B5;O, 2 B0:>< A;CG05, :>340 :0:>9-=81C4L 3>ABL 274C<05B > A2>8E ;>H04OE 8 A;C68B5;OE. ?@>G5<, A _=C6=K<8 ;N4L<8_, B> 5ABL A 3C15@=A:8<8 8 C574=K<8 G8=>2=8:0<8, ?>ABC?0NB 8=0G5 8 ?>@CG0NB 8E A;C3 8 ;>H0459 >A>15==><C =047>@C <0@H0;:0 8 :>=NH53>. 0:>=5F =0ABC?8; 45=L B>@65AB20. =>65AB2> 3>AB59 AJ5E0;>AL : >154=5. 0@5BK, :>;OA:8, 1@8G:8 8 :0;0<06:8 (@>4 B5;565:) 70=O;8 2A5 ?@>AB@0=AB2> <564C :>=NH=O<8 8 A:>B=K< 42>@><. >GB8 :064>5 A5<59AB2> 8<5;> A A>1>N ?> 425=04F0B8 ;>H0459: H5AB5@:C 2 A2>5< M:8?065, G5B25@:C 2 1@8G:5, 2 :>B>@>9 5E0;8 A;C38 8 A;C60=:8, A AC=4C:0<8 8 :0@B>=0<8, 8 ?0@C 2 :0;0<06:5, A G5<>40=0<8, ?>AB5;O<8 8 :0AB@N;O<8, 4;O ?@83>B>2;5=8O >1540 2 4>@>35. %>;>ABK5 ?@85760;8 H5AB5@8:><, 0 25AL<0 @54:85 G5B25@8:><. 5:>B>@K5 A5<59AB20 ?@85E0;8 5I5 A 1>;LH8< G8A;>< ;>H0459, ?>B><C GB> G8A;> ;>H0459 >7=0G05B 206=>ABL 3>A?>4, 8 O, ?@02>, =5 ?>G8B0N 4C@=K<, GB> 3. >;>3>@4>2A:89 274C<0; :>@<8BL MB8 B01C=K <O:8=>N 8 1>;>B=>N B@02>9. -B> >1K:=>25=85, ?@85760BL 2 3>AB8 A F5;>N A2>5N :>=NH=5N =0 GC6>9 :>@<, 5ABL B> 65 A0<>5 4;O E>7O8=0, GB> =0153 B0B0@A:>9 >@4K, 8 5A;8 1 ?><5I8:8 4;O MB>3> =5 2K4C<0;8 _3>AB8=>3> DC@060_, :>B>@K9 5ABL =5 GB> 8=>5, :0: 45:>@0F8O =0AB>OI53>, B> 420 10;0 2 45@52=5 ;8H8;8 1K ?><5I8:0 3>4>2>3> 70?0AC >2A0 8 A5=0. > :0: =8:0:>5 A>1@0=85 =5 <>65B >1>9B8AL 157 A:>B>2, B> 3;02=>5 45;> 2 B><, GB>1 C<5BL A1K20BL 8E A @C:, 1;03>@07C<=>. >A;5 >154=8 =0ABC?8; 702B@0:, 8;8, ;CGH5 A:070BL, _2>4:>?>9_, ?>B><C GB> 40<K >G5=L <0;> 5;8, 0 <C6G8=K 1>;55 ?8;8.  07=>F25B=K5 8 @07=>2:CA=K5 2>4:8 15A?@5AB0==> ?5@5E>48;8, 4;O ?@>1K, 87 @C: 2 @C:8, ?>:0 3@0D8=K =5 >?CAB5;8. ">340 3>AB8 ?>H;8 2 A04, : 40<0<. 564C B5< 2 :><=0B0E =0G0;8 =0:@K20BL >1545==K9 AB>;, 0 :0: 3>AB8 15A?@5AB0==> AJ5760;8AL, B> G5BK@5 ;0:5O ?@>4>;60;8 @07=>A8BL 2 A04C 2>4:8 8 70:CA:8.  420 G0A0 ?>?>;C4=8, :>340 :CH0=L5 ?>AB02;5=> 1K;> =0 AB>;, <C7K:0=BK, ?>4 ?@542>48B5;LAB2>< :0?5;L<59AB5@0, ?>AB@>8;8AL =0 :@K;LF5, 254CI5< 2 A04, 8 7083@0;8 >;LA:89. -B> 1K;> A83=0;>< : >154C, 8 2A5 3>AB8 A>1@0;8AL 2 1>;LH>9 0;;55. . >;>3>@4>2A:89 ?@54;>68; @C:C ?>G5B=59H59 3>ABL5, 65=5 3C15@=A:>3> <0@H0;0; <0@H0; ?>25; 3-6C >;>3>@4>2A:CN, 8 B0:8< >1@07>< 2 425 ?0@K @O4>< ?>H;8 2 AB>;>2CN 70;C. @>G85 3>AB8 B0:65 ?>?0@=> A;54>20;8 70 E>7O520<8, 8 2A5 ?><5AB8;8AL 70 AB>;><, :0: H;8, B> 5ABL 65=I8=K @O4>< A <C6G8=0<8. @0240, GB> 3. >;>3>@4>2A:89 ?>G5B=59H8E 3>AB59 C<5; ?>A048BL 2KH5, =5278@0O =0 B> GB> >=8 ?>765 ?@8H;8 2 70;C. @5645, =565;8 CA5;8AL, >= 2K7K20; 8E ?> G8=0< 87 B>;?K 8 ?@>A8; 70=OBL <5AB> ?>1;865 : E>7O9:5, ?@8?@02;OO MB8 2K7>2K @07=K<8 HCB:0<8 8 ?@810CB:0<8. 154 1K; 25;8:>;5?=K9, 8 E>BO 70 AB>;>< A845;> 1>;55 AB0 G5;>25: A>15A54=8:>2, :CH0=LO 1K;> 4>2>;L=>.  @0AAC645=88 28=0 A>1;N405< 1K; A;54CNI89 ?>@O4>:. 1K:=>25==>5 AB>;>2>5 28=>, D@0=F259=, ?>AB02;5=> 1K;> 2 3@0D8=0E ?5@54 3>ABO<8; ;CGH85 28=0 @07;8G=KE 4>1@>B @07=>A8<K 8 @07;8205<K 1K;8 ;0:5O<8, ?>4 =0G0;LAB2>< <0@H0;:0 8 :>=NH53>. 5@2K9, A B@5<O ;0:5O<8, 1K; =0 ?@02>9 AB>@>=5 AB>;0, 0 4@C3>9, A B0:8< 65 G8A;>< ;0:552, =0 ;52>9. 0 :064>9 AB>@>=5 ?5@2K9 ;0:59 70254>20; 1CBK;:0<8 A A0<K< ;CGH8< 28=><, 2B>@>9 A ?>A@54AB25==K<, 0 B@5B89 A A0<K< >1K:=>25==K<, ?@8=04;5602H8< : @07@O4C ;CGH8E 28= ?> >4=><C B>;L:C =0720=8N. 0@H0;5: 8 :>=NH89, ?> ?@5420@8B5;L=><C CA;>28N, ?>=8<0;8 87 A;>2 3-=0 >;>3>@4>2A:>3>, :0:><C 3>ABN =04;560;> =0;820BL :0:>3> 28=0, 87 B@5E A>@B>2; =0?@8<5@, :>340 3. >;>3>@4>2A:89 3>2>@8; 3>ABN: - @>HC 20A >B:CH0BL, <8;>AB82K9 3>AC40@L, A45;09B5 G5ABL <>5<C 28=C; C25@ON, GB> >=> B>3> AB>8B, - B>340 =0;820;8 28=> ?5@2>3> @071>@0. - B:CH09B5 28=F0, >=>, ?@02>, =5 4C@=>, - >7=0G0;> 2B>@>9 @071>@. - K =8G53> =5 ?L5B5; 359, =0;8209B5 28=0 3>A?>48=C! - >7=0G0;> B@5B89 @071>@. 065BAO, 3. >;>3>@4>2A:89 A>25@H5==> 7=0; 2:CA A2>8E 3>AB59, ?>B><C GB> 2A5 >=8 ?8;8 28=> 4>1@K< ?>@O4:>< 8 4065 ?@54C?@5640;8 65;0=8O 8 ?>=C645=8O E>7O8=0. ?@>G5<, O ?>G8B0N ?>2545=85 3-=0 >;>3>@4>2A:>3> 25AL<0 1;03>@07C<=K<: 70G5< ?>BG820BL 3>ABO B5<, G53> >= =5 ?>=8<05B 8 :>340 >= AB>;L 65 4>2>;5= =0720=85<, :0: 8 4>1@>B>N 28=0? 4=8 ?LNB H0<?0=A:>5 8 25=35@A:>5 >BB>3>, GB> =0E>4OB 2 =8E ?@8OB=K9 2:CA; 0 4@C385 4;O B>3> B>;L:>, GB>1K A:070BL: <K ?8;8 H0<?0=A:>5 8 25=35@A:>5! B> =5 7=05B ?@028;0: "5 <5G8B5 18A5@C, 40 =5 ?>?@CB 53> =>30<8".  :>=F5 >1540 ?@8=5A;8 >3@><=K9 1>:0; A 25=75;O<8 8 =04?8AO<8. . >;>3>@4>2A:89 =0;8; 2 =53> 28=0, ?@>2>73;0A8; 74>@>2L5 A2>59 AC?@C38 8, ?@8 3@><>3;0A=KE 2>A:;8F0=8OE: 2820B! ?@8 3@><5 <C7K:8 8 ;8B02@>2, 2K?8; 4> 4=0, ?>:;>=82H8AL ?@5645 A2>5<C A>A54C 8 ?@8<>;282: " 20H8 @C:8". ">G=> B0:8< ?>@O4:>< :@C3>20O G0H0 ?>H;0 87 @C: 2 @C:8. 0:>=5F, :>340 2A5 A>15A54=8:8 >B:070;8AL ?8BL ?>4 206=K< ?@54;>3><, _GB> 5I5 45=L =5 :>=G8;AO_, E>7O8= 2AB0;, 2A5 3>AB8 70 =8<, 8 :064K9, 27O2 ?>4 @C:C >4=C 8;8 42CE 40<, ?>H5;, ?>:0G820OAL, 2 A04, 345 2 15A54:5 >6840;8 8E :>D5 8 70:CA:8. 8HL B>;L:> 3>A?>40 >AB028;8 AB>;>2CN 70;C, ;0:58, A2>8 8 ?@857685, <C7K:0=BK 8 4065 A;C60=:8, 1@>A8;8AL, :0: OAB@51K, =0 >AB0B:8 ?8@H5AB20 8, =5 A;CH0O 3@>7=>3> 3>;>A0 <0@H0;:0 8 :>=NH53>, @0AB0A:0;8 2A5 ?> :CA:0< 8 2K?8;8 2A5 ?>G0BK5 1CBK;:8.  :CE=5 ?@>8AE>48; 5I5 1>;LH89 15A?>@O4>:, ?@8 @0740G5 :CH0=LO A;C30<. @857685, 157 40;L=8E D>@<0;L=>AB59, @0A?>@O48;8AL A0<8, >2;045;8 :0AB@N;O<8 8 C4>2;5B2>@8;8 4>@>6=><C A2>5<C 0??5B8BC. @8?><8=0O B5?5@L 2A5 >1AB>OB5;LAB20 MB>3> ?8@H5AB20, O C25@5=, GB> ?>;>28=>N 2A5E 8745@60==KE ?@8?0A>2 <>6=> 1K;> 1K 2?>;=5 C4>2;5B2>@8BL 8 3>A?>4 8 A;C3; => 4;O MB>3> =04>15= ?>@O4>:, 0 >= 1K; 2 @07;045 A 4><>< 3-=0 >;>3>@4>2A:>3>. >A;5 >1540 =5:>B>@K5 AB0@8:8 ?>H;8 >B4KE0BL; 1>;LH0O G0ABL 3>AB59 >1A5;0 8 >1ABC?8;0 83>@=K5 AB>;8:8, 345 =5:>B>@K5 70?8A=K5 ?@><KH;5==8:8, 8;8, ?@>AB>, >E>B=8:8, <5B0;8 10=: 8 HB>A. A5 MB8 3>A?>40, :>B>@K5 70 AB>;>< 3@><:> 60;>20;8AL =0 4C@=K5 2@5<5=0, =0 C?04>: B>@3>2;8 E;51><, =0 15745=56L5, AK?0;8 =0 :0@BK 7>;>B>, A5@51@> 8 ?CG:8 0AA83=0F89. 5:>B>@K5 87 =8E, ?@>83@02H8AL 4> :>?59:8, BCB 65, A3>@OG0, ?@>4020;8 A2>8E ;>H0459, M:8?068, A:>B 4><0H=89 8 <54=CN ?>AC4C 87 A2>8E 28=>:C@5==KE 702>4>2 8, 2 =045645 >BK3@0BLAO, 5I5 1>;55 ?@>83@K20;8. >;>4K5 ;N48 8 AB0@K5 2>;>:8BK 15A54>20;8 A 40<0<8 8, @07>3@5BK5 28=><, >1JOA=O;8AL 2 ;N128 8;8 70=8<0;8 65=I8= A2>8< 10;03C@AB2>< 8 25A5;K<8 @0AA:070<8. 0:>=5F, :>340 =0 42>@5 A45;0;>AL AK@>20B>, 40<K ?>H;8 2 :><=0BK ?5@5>4520BLAO 8 ?@83>B>2;OBLAO : B0=F0<.  2>A5<L G0A>2 >A25B8;8 :><=0BK, <C7K:0 7083@0;0, 8 3. >;>3>@4>2A:89 >B:@K; 10; ?>;>=57>< A> A2>5N 65=>N. "0=FK ?@>4>;60;8AL 4> 12 G0A>2; 2 MBC ?>@C 2A5 3>AB8 ?>H;8 : C68=C. #68= 1K; AB>;L 65 87>18;5= 8 @>A:>H5=, :0: 8 >154, B>;L:> ?>?>9:0 ?@8=O;0 4@C3>9 >1>@>B. >GB8 2A5 3>AB8 ?5@5?8;8AL 4> ?>A;54=59 AB5?5=8. C7K:0=B>2 ?@>3=0;8 2 4@C3CN :><=0BC, 8 =0G0;8AL >1JOA=5=8O 2 4@C615 <564C <C6G8=0<8, >1=8<0=LO, F5;>20=LO 8 >15I0=8O 701KBL 2A5 AA>@K 8 2708<=K5 =5C4>2>;LAB28O. 0<K ?@87K205<K 1K;8 2 A2845B5;L=8FK MB8E ?@8<8@5=89 8 4>;65=AB2>20;8 @CG0BLAO 2 8A?>;=5=88 >15I0=89 42CE AB>@>=. @8 7=0<5=8B>< B>AB5: 2>7;N18< 4@C3 4@C30 (Kochaymy sie) - 3>AB8 ?8;8 ?>;=CN G0HC, AB>O >48= ?5@54 4@C38< =0 :>;5=OE 8;8 >1=O2H8AL. 0:>=5F >1@0B8;8AL : 40<0< 8 =0G0;8 ?8BL 70 74>@>2L5 :064>9 87 =8E, 87 8E A>1AB25==KE 10H<0:>2. C6G8=0, AB02 =0 :>;5=8 ?5@54 40<>N, A=8<0; 10H<0: A 55 =>38, ?>A;5 B>3> F5;>20; ?>GB8B5;L=> 55 2 =>3C 8 2 @C:8, AB028; @N<:C 2 10H<0:, 0 8=>340 8 =0;820; 2 =53> 28=0, 2K?820; 8 ?5@54020; 4@C3><C. 4@C3 70;? 87 4204F0B8 G5BK@5E @C659 8 87 =5A:>;L:8E D0;:>=5B>2 ?>B@52>68; 25A5;OI8EAO 3>AB59. A5 1@>A8;8AL : >:=0< 8 C2845;8 A@548 42>@0 3>@OI89 25=75;L 28=>2=8FK ?@074=5AB20.  04>AB=>5 _2820B_ A=>20 @0740;>AL 2 70;5; 7083@0;8 _BCH_, 8 >3@><=K9 1>:0; A=>20 O28;AO =0 AF5=C. 5A:>;L:> 45AOB:>2 @0:5B 8 1C@0:>2 27;5B5;8 =0 2>74CE, : C4>2>;LAB28N 7@8B5;59. > >B =5C<5=8O ;8 8;8 >B >?;>H=>AB8, =5A:>;L:> @0:5B ;>?=C;> 2 A>;><5==>9 :@KH5 3C<=0, 8 :0: 25B5@ 1K; 4>2>;L=> A8;L=K9, B> 2 =5A:>;L:> <8=CB :@>2;O 2A?KE=C;0 8 2A5 E>7O9AB25==>5 AB@>5=85 703>@5;>AL. "@C4=> 2>>1@078BL A515 A<OB5=85, 2>71C645==>5 MB8< =5G0O==K< A;CG05<. LO=K5 3>A?>40 AC5B8;8AL; A;C38 =5 7=0;8, GB> 45;0BL. A5 ?@8:07K20;8; =8:B> =5 E>B5; 8A?>;=OBL. >60@=KE B@C1 2>2A5 4065 8 =5 7=0;8, 8 ?>B><C :064K9 1560; =0 ?>60@ A 254@><, A B>?>@><, A @>30B8=>N, 8 =8:B> =5 A<5; ?@8ABC?8BLAO : ?;0<5=8. #40@8;8 2 =010B, ?>A;0;8 70 ;N4L<8 2 45@52=N; => >=8, :0: :070;>AL, =5 >G5=L >E>B=> ?>A?5H0;8 =0 ?><>IL A2>5<C 3>A?>48=C. >AB8 ?@8:07K20;8 =0A:>@> 70?@O30BL A2>8E ;>H0459 8 C:;04K20BL 25I8. ><0H=85 A;C38 701>B8;8AL > A>E@0=5=88 A5@51@0 8 AB>;>2>3> 15;LO >B @0AE8I5=8O. !C<0B>E0, 15A?>@O4>:, :@8:, HC<, 153>B=O A25;8 1K A C<0 A0<KE E;04=>:@>2=KE ;N459: 2A5 ?5@525@=C;>AL 225@E 4=>< 2 4><5. / 2 8A?C35 =5 7=0;, GB> 45;0BL; AB>O; =0 :@K;LF5, A<>B@5; =0 >3>=L 8 A>18@0;AO ?;0:0BL. 4@C3 O28;0AL 0H0: - 0=L:0! / B51O 8IC, ABC?09 70 <=>N. K ?>1560;8 >?@><5BLN G5@57 2A5 :><=0BK 2 A?0;L=N <>59 10@KH=8. 0H0 =045;0 <=5 =0 3>;>2C <>9 :0@BC7 A 30;C=><, :>B>@K9 E@0=8;AO 2 30@45@>15 10@KH=8, 40;0 <=5 C75;>: 8 :>@>1>G:C, =0:8=C;0 =0 A51O :0?>B 8 25;5;0 <=5 70 A>1>N A;54>20BL. K ?@>1560;8 G@57 A04, ?5@5;57;8 G@57 @07>1@0==K9 701>@ 8 >GCB8;8AL 2 ?>;5, 2>7;5 @>I8. "0< AB>O;0 :>;OA:0, 70?@O65==0O G5B25@:>N ;>H0459.  B5<=>B5 O =5 <>3 @0A?>7=0BL, :B> A845; 2 :>;OA:5. 0H0 A5;0 =0?5@548; 1>;LH>9 CA0BK9 ;0:59 ?>A048; <5=O =0 G5<>40= A7048 :>;OA:8, 0 A0< A5; =0 :>7;K, @O4>< A :CG5@><. >2>@>B8;8 ;>H0459, H03>< 4>5E0;8 4> 1>;LH>9 4>@>38, ;5602H59 >B MB>3> <5AB0 2 ?>;C25@AB5, 8 ?><G0;8AL 2> 2AN ?@KBL. 0: =8 1K; O 87<CG5= AC5B>N 8 153>B=QN B>3> 4=O, => =5 <>3 A><:=CBL 3;07. >60@ 15A?@5AB0==> ?@54AB02;O;AO <>5<C 2>>1@065=8N, 8 O B@5?5B0; > AC4L15 <>59 10@KH=8, ?>;030O, ?> B>340H=5<C <>5<C AC645=8N, GB>, 25@>OB=>, 2A5 4>;6=> A3>@5BL 2 4><5, 8 GB> ?>B><C 8<5==> 0H0 A?0A05BAO 153AB2>< 2<5AB5 A> <=>N. / 4C<0;, GB> MB>B M:8?06 ?@8=04;568B :><C-=81C4L 87 3>AB59.  :>;OA:5 O A;KH0; H5?>B, => =5 <>3 @07;8G8BL A;>2 8 C7=0BL 3>2>@OI8E ?> 3>;>AC. 0:>=5F A CB@5==5N 70@59 <K ?@85E0;8 =0 ?5@2CN ?>GB>2CN AB0=F8N.  VI  ,  # !  '+ >340 O A;57 A G5<>40=0 8 ?>4>H5; : :>;OA:5, B> GCBL =5 2A:@8:=C; >B C482;5=8O, C28452 8;>2848=0 8 10@KH=N <>N, 5B@>=5;;C >;>3>@4>2A:CN, :>B>@0O, 7025@=C2H8AL 2 A0;>?, ?@8;L=C;0 3>;>2>N : ?;5GC A2>53> <8;>3> 4@C30. - #7=0; ;8 BK <5=O, 0=L:0! - A:070; 8;>2848=, C;K10OAL. - 0: =5 C7=0BL 4>1@>3> 10@8=0! 564C B5< C7L<0, CA0BK9 ;0:59, >B?@0282H89AO =0 ?>GB>2K9 42>@ A ?>4>@>6=>N, 2>72@0B8;AO 8 >1JO28; >B25B AB0=F8>==>3> A<>B@8B5;O, GB> =5B ;>H0459. ! MB8< A;>2>< 8;>2848= 2KA:>G8; 87 :>;OA:8 8 ?>1560; >?@><5BLN 2 871C, 0 O 70 =8<. !<>B@8B5;L A845; 2 E0;0B5 70 AB>;>< 8 ?5@525@BK20; :=83C, 345 70?8AK20NBAO ?>4>@>6=K5. - >H0459! - 70:@8G0; 3@>7=> 8;>2848=. - 5B ;>H0459, 2A5 2 @073>=5, - >B25G0; A<>B@8B5;L E;04=>:@>2=>. - A;8 BK <=5 =5 40HL A8N <8=CBC ;>H0459, - A:070; 8;>2848=, - B> O 70?@O3C B51O A0<>3> 2 :>;OA:C, A B2>8<8 G040<8 8 4><>G04F0<8: A;KH8HL ;8? - (CB8BL 872>;8B5, - 2>7@078; A ?@56=8< E;04=>:@>285< A<>B@8B5;L. - 5 C3>4=> ;8 >B4>E=CBL =5<=>3> 8 >B:CH0BL <>53> :>D5, 0 <564C B5< ;>H048 ?@894CB 4><>9. - '5@B B51O ?>15@8 A B2>8< :>D5! =5 =04>1=> ;>H0459! - 2>A:;8:=C; A 3=52>< 8;>2848=. - 5B ;>H0459! - >B25G0; A=>20 A<>B@8B5;L. - "K ;65HL, ?> MB>9 4>@>35 =8:B> =5 5748B, 8 O =8:>3> =5 2AB@5B8;, - A:070; 8;>2848=. - 72>;LB5 ?@>25@8BL ?>GB>2CN :=83C. - / =5 E>GC =0?@0A=> B5@OBL 2@5<5=8, 8, 2<5AB> B>3> GB>1K AG8B0BL AB@0=8FK, ?5@5AG8B0N B2>8 @51@0, - A:070; 8;>2848= 8 ?@8ABC?8; =0 H03 1;865 : A<>B@8B5;N. - K =0?@0A=> 872>;8B5 3>@OG8BLAO, - 2>7@078; ?>A;54=89, - 872>;LB5 ?@>G5ABL =0 AB5=5 ?>GB>2K5 ?>AB0=>2;5=8O: 2K C2848B5, GB> 70 >A:>@1;5=85 ?>GB>2>3> A<>B@8B5;O, ?>;L7CNI53>AO G8=>< 14-3> :;0AA0, ?>;>65= 45=56=K9 HB@0D 4> AB0 @C1;59. - , 5A;8 B515 HB@0DC E>G5BAO, - A:070; 8;>2848=, - B> O 70?;0GC 2B@>5 8 B0: B51O C?>BGCN, GB> BK 2 4@C3>9 @07, 25@=>, =5 ?>;CG8HL HB@0D=>3> 2>7=03@0645=8O, 2 MB>9 687=8. >, ?>A;CH09, ?@5645 O E>GC ?>3>2>@8BL A B>1>N ?>@O4:><. !:>;L:> =04>1=> 70?;0B8BL C:07=KE ?@>3>=>2 4> ?5@2>9 AB0=F88? - (5AB=04F0BL @C1;59, - >B25G0; A<>B@8B5;L. - B0:, O 70?;0GC B515 242>5, B> 5ABL B@84F0BL 420 @C1;O, A25@E B>3> 40< B@8 @C1;O B515, =0 :>D5 8;8 =0 B010:: 2>B B515 B@84F0BL ?OBL @C1;59; 40209 ;>H0459, 8;8, 59->3C, 18BL AB0=C! - 86C, GB> A 20<8 45;0BL =5G53>, - A:070; A<>B@8B5;L, - ?@8945BAO 40BL 20< A2>8E A>1AB25==KE ;>H0459. - !<>B@8B5;L ?>A;5 MB>3> 2KAC=C; 3>;>2C 2 D>@B>G:C 8 70:@8G0; O<I8:0<: - 59, @51OB0! 70?@O309B5 A82KE, 40 ?>A:>@55, ?>-:C@L5@A:8. - "K C60A=K9 ?;CB! - ?@8<>;28; 8;>2848=, ?>;CG0O A40GC. - 0: 65 1KBL, 20H5 1;03>@>485, - >B25G0; A<>B@8B5;L. - 54L 68BL =04>1=> :0:-=81C4L. - >B 2 B><-B> 8 2AO 1540, GB> C =0A ?>GB8 2A5 45;05BAO _:0:-=81C4L_, - A:070; 8;>2848=, 2KE>4O 87 871K. 564C B5< 70?@O3;8 ;>H0459 - 8 <K ?><G0;8AL. "@>5 ACB>: <K A:0:0;8 ?> 1>;LH>9 4>@>35, 157 2AO:>3> >A>15==>3> ?@8:;NG5=8O. 0 2AO:>9 AB0=F88 45;0;8 =0< =5:>B>@K5 70B@C4=5=8O, ?>B><C GB> 2 ?>4>@>6=>9 =5 1K;> ?@>?8A0=>: _?> :075==>9 =04>1=>AB8_. > 8;>284=K C3@>70<8, 1@0=LN, :@8:>< 8 45=L30<8 ?>15640; 70:>A=5;>5 C?@O<AB2> AB0=F8>==KE A<>B@8B5;59, :>B>@K5, ?> 1>;LH59 G0AB8, 8A?>;=5=85 A2>59 4>;6=>AB8 ?>AB02;ONB 2 B><, GB>1K A:>@55 >B?@02;OBL :C@L5@>2 8 7045@6820BL 54CI8E ?> A2>59 =04>1=>AB8. 0 G5B25@BK5 ACB:8, =0 A0<>< @0AA25B5, 2 284C 3>@>40, <K A2>@>B8;8 A 1>;LH>9 4>@>38 8, ?@>5E02 ;5A>< 25@AB ?OBL, >AB0=>28;8AL 2 45@52=5, ?5@54 :@5ABLO=A:>N 871>9. 45AL AB>O; =0 :20@B8@5 ?@8OB5;L 8;>2848=0, ?>@CG8: %20B><A:89. = 2K1560; 87 871K, ?><>3 5B@>=5;;5 2K9B8 87 :>;OA:8 8 225; 55 ?>4 @C:C 2 A2>N :20@B8@C. ">BG0A ?>A;0;8 70 A2OI5==8:0<8, @CAA:8< 8 :0B>;8G5A:8<, :>B>@K5 745AL =0@>G=> 4>6840;8AL ?@85740 8;>2848=0. = ?>:070; 8< ?>72>;5=85 2ABC?8BL 2 70:>==K9 1@0: 8 A>3;0A85 :0B>;8G5A:>3> 5?8A:>?0, 8;8 _8=4C;LB_, A B0: =07K205<K< _>:>H:><_, B> 5ABL ?@>15;>< 4;O 2?8A0=8O 8<5=; G@57 420 G0A0 >10 >1@O40 :>=G8;8AL: ?>-@CAA:8 >125=G0;8AL 2 F5@:28, 0 ?>-:0B>;8G5A:8 - 2 4><5 A2OI5==8:0. B4>E=C2 8 ?>>15402 C %20-B><A:>3>, =>2>1@0G=K5 2 AC<5@:8 >B?@028;8AL 2 3>@>4, 345 =0E>48;0AL :20@B8@0 8;>2848=0. ;O C=8GB>65=8O @07;8G=KE B>;:>2, >= =5 E>B5; 8=0G5 O28BLAO 2 MA:04@>=, :0: A 70:>==>N 65=>9; MB0 ?@54CA<>B@8B5;L=>ABL, 157 A><=5=8O, 45;05B G5ABL 53> E0@0:B5@C. 8;>2848=, ?@5645 =565;8 >B?@028;AO 70 A2>5N =525AB>N, C1@0; ?> 2>7<>6=>AB8 A2>N :20@B8@C, 4;O ?@8=OB8O 65=K. = 70=8<0; 425 :><=0BK 2 4><5 1>30B>3> 6840. > :0: G8AB>B0 =5 A>AB02;O5B ?@8=04;56=>AB8 1>30BAB20 <564C 6840<8, B> 8;>2848= >B45;0; :20@B8@C =0 A2>9 AG5B. !B5=K >1:;58; F25B=>N 1C<03>9, ?>;K >18;8 :;55=:>N; 2 704=59 :><=0B5 A45;0;8 87 4>A>: 0;L:>2 4;O A?0;L=8 8 MBC ?5@53>@>4:C 7025A8;8 :>2@0<8. :=0 C:@0A8;8 70=025A0<8 @>7>2>3> F25B0. 8;>2848= C >4=>9 A2>59 ?@8OB5;L=8FK, ?><5I8FK, 682H59 ?> >?@545;5=8N :>=A8AB>@88 2 @07;C:5 A <C65<, 27O; =0 ?>45@60=85 D>@B5?80=>, 4N68=C ABC;L52, ?0@C ;><15@=KE AB>;8:>2 8 75@:0;>. 5A:>;L:> ?0@ ?8AB>;5B>2, BC@5F:8E A015;L 8 :8=60;>2, ?5@A84A:89 ?@81>@ =0 ;>H04L 8 420 @C6LO 28A5;8 2 3>AB8=>9 2<5AB> :0@B8=. 8@0<840 87 GC1C:>2 A >3@><=K<8 O=B0@O<8 8 7>;>B>H259=K<8 :>;?0:0<8 A;C68;0 B0:65 : C:@0H5=8N :><=0BK. !;>2><, A<>B@O ?> <5ABC 8 >1AB>OB5;LAB20<, :><=0BK 8;>2848=0 C1@0=K 1K;8 ?@52>AE>4=>, 8 5420 ;8 =5 A 1>;LH8< 1;5A:>< 8 >?@OB=>ABLN, :0: C A0<>3> 3-=0 >;>3>@4>2A:>3>. !25@E B>3>, =0 D>@B5?80=> ;560;0 1>;LH0O :8?0 =>B, 2K?8A0==KE =0@>G=> 87 5B5@1C@30, 0 2 A?0;L=5, =0 ?>;:5, CAB02;5=> 1K;> =5A:>;L:> 4N68= =>2KE D@0=FC7A:8E @><0=>2, A :0@B8=:0<8. 8;>2848= =5 701K; =8G53>, GB>1K A45;0BL ?@8OB=K< A2>5 68;8I5. 5B@>=5;;0 0E=C;0 >B C482;5=8O, 2>H54H8 ?5@2K9 @07 2 :20@B8@C. A<>B@52H8AL, >=0 1@>A8;0AL =0 H5N A2>5<C <C6C 8 70?;0:0;0 >B @04>AB8 8 1;03>40@=>AB8 70 B0:>5 2=8<0=85. 0 4@C3>9 45=L 8;>2848= A 65=>N A2>5N ?>A5B8; ?>;:>2=8:0, :07=0G5O, :20@B5@<8AB@0 8 5I5 ?0@C 65=0BKE >D8F5@>2, GB>1 7025AB8 7=0:><AB2> A 8E 65=0<8.  ?@>4>;65=85 F5;>9 =545;8 >= 15A?@5AB0==> @07J5760; A> A2>5N 65=>N ?> >:@5AB=>ABO< A 2878B0<8 8 25745 ?>;CG0; ?>74@02;5=8O =0AG5B :@0A>BK 8 ;N157=>AB8 ?@5;5AB=>9 5B@>=5;;K. A:>@5 =0G0;8 AJ5760BLAO : =5<C 3>AB8, A> 2A5E AB>@>=. 8;>2848= ;N18; 68BL 25A5;>: ?>H;8 >154K, 25G5@8=:8, C68=K, :>B>@K5 >1K:=>25==> :>=G0;8AL ?>?>9:>N 8 :0@B0<8. @5<O ;5B5;>, 0 A =8< 8 45=L38. !?5@20 70:C?0;8 28=> 8 ?@8?0AK =0 =0;8G=K5 45=L38, ?>A;5 B>3> 1@0;8 2 4>;3, 0 =0:>=5F, :>340 684K C2845;8, GB> 4>;3>2 =5 ?;0BOB, ?5@5AB0;8 25@8BL; =04;560;> >B4020BL 2 70:;04 25I8.  >48B5;8 5B@>=5;;K =5 E>B5;8 4065 ?@8=8<0BL >B =55 ?8A5< 8 >BAK;0;8 8E >1@0B=> =5@0A?5G0B0==K<8. O4O 8;>2848=0 B0:65 @0AA5@48;AO =0 =53> 70 B>, GB> >= >1<0=C; 53>, A:0702, GB> 65=8BAO =0 1>30B>9 =525AB5, 8 70 B>, GB> 65=8;AO 157 ?>72>;5=8O @>48B5;59; >= >B:070;AO ?><>30BL 5<C 45=L30<8. 8;>2848= ?CAB8;AO 2 83@C ?> @0AG5BC: >= A2O70;AO A 83@>:0<8, :>B>@K5 >1<0=C;8 53>, ?@>40;8 8 2K<0=8;8 ?>A;54=85 45=L38. 1AB>OB5;LAB20 1K;8 :@8B8G5A:85.  H5ABL <5AOF52 ?>A;5 A204L1K 2A5, GB> <>6=> 1K;> ?@>40BL, 1K;> ?@>40=>; 70;>68BL C6 1K;> =5G53>, 83@0BL =5 =0 GB>, 70=OBL =5 C :>3>. 8;>2848= @5H8;AO =0 ?>A;54=55 A@54AB2>: 5E0BL A 65=>N A2>59 : 4O45, 2 =045645, GB> >=0 A2>8<8 ?@5;5ABO<8 A<O3G8B C?@O<>3> AB0@8:0. >;CG82 >B?CA:, >= ?@>40; ?>A;54=NN A2>N 25@E>2CN ;>H04L; =0 MB8 45=L38 2K:C?8; 87 70:;040 A2>N :>;OA:C 8, A>1@02 A2>5 ?>A;54=55 8<CI5AB2>, 15;L5, A54;0 8 >@C685, 70;>68; 2A5 684C-E>7O8=C, GB>1K 4>AB0BL 45=L38 =0 4>@>3C. -60 8;>2848=0 =5 E>B5;0 =8 70 GB> @0AAB0BLAO A> A2>8<8 =0@O40<8 8 0H5N. 04;560;> 59 ?>28=>20BLAO; 8B0:, >12O702 :>;OA:C :0@B>=0<8, 27O2 A A>1>N 0HC, ;0:5O 8 ?>20@0, 3>A?>40 <>8 >B?@028;8AL 2 >A:2C. 5=O >AB028;8 =0 :20@B8@5 ?@8 25I0E, =0E>482H8EAO 2 70:;045, 8 684C ?@8:070=> 1K;> :>@<8BL <5=O, =0 AG5B 3>A?>4.  VII "+ . !"'  "!" '5@57 <5AOF ?>A;5 >BJ5740 8;>2848=KE ?>;: 2KABC?8; =0 4@C385 :20@B8@K, 0 O >AB0;AO C 6840, ?@8 25I0E, ?>B><C GB> =8:B> 87 >D8F5@>2 =5 E>B5; 8;8 =5 <>3 2K:C?8BL 8E 8 27OBL A A>1>N 70?5G0B0==KE AC=4C:>2. AB02H8AL >48=, 157 2AO:>3> =047>@0 8 ?>:@>28B5;LAB20, O, ?> 5AB5AB25==><C ?>@O4:C 25I59, A45;0;AO A;C3>N B>3>, :B> :>@<8; <5=O, B> 5ABL 6840 >2H8, E>7O8=0 4><0. >2H0 ?>G8B0;AO >4=8< 87 1>30B59H8E 68B5;59 3>@>40. 5=0 53>,  8D:0, B>;AB0O 65=I8=0, =87:>3> @>AB0, 2AO >AK?0==0O 65<GC3>< 8 :>@>AB>N, B>@3>20;0 2 ;02:5 H5;:>2K<8 B:0=O<8, A0E0@><, :>D5 8 ACE8<8 ?;>40<8, 8;8 _10:0;8O<8_. >2H0 ?@>872>48; B>@3 2 4><5 28=>3@04=K<8 28=0<8, ?>@B5@>< 8 2>>1I5 2A5<8 AB>;>2K<8 ?@8?0A0<8, ?@O=K<8 :>@5=LO<8, 3>;;0=4A:8<8 A5;L4O<8, AK@0<8 8 2A5<8 ?@8=04;56=>ABO<8 30AB@>=><88. > :0: 684 =5 <>65B 68BL 157 B>3>, GB>1 =5 H8=:>20BL 2>4:>N, B>, A25@E 2A53> MB>3> B>@30, 2 53> 4><5 1K; H8=>:, 4;O <C68:>2 8 ;N459 ?@>AB>3> 720=8O. 5;>G=0O ?@>4060 2>4:8 5ABL ?5@20O =5>1E>48<>ABL 6840 2 ?>;LA:8E ?@>28=F8OE. -B8< A@54AB2>< >= 4>AB05B, 70 45AOBCN G0ABL =0AB>OI59 F5=K, 2A5 AJ5AB=K5 ?@8?0AK 8 >B0?;8205B 4>< ?>GB8 40@><. @><5 B>3>, >= ?>A@54AB2>< 2>4:8 2K254K205B C :@5ABLO= 8 A;C68B5;59 2A5 B09=K, 2A5 =C64K, 2A5 A2O78 8 >B=>H5=8O 8E 3>A?>4, GB> 45;05B 684>2 =0AB>OI8<8 2;045;LF0<8 ?><5I8:>2 8 ?>4G8=O5B 684>2A:><C 2;8O=8N 2A5 45;0 8 2A5 >1AB>OB5;LAB20, 2 :>B>@KE O2;ONBAO =0 AF5=C <5B0;; 8 0AA83=0F88.  A0<>< 45;5, ?><5I8:8 =0A;0640NBAO >4=8< B>;L:> 72C:>< <5B0;;>2 8 284>< 0AA83=0F89, 0 2 ACI5AB25 A2>5< >=8 ?@8=04;560B 6840<.  ?8AL<5==>< AB>;8:5 >2H8 =0E>48;8AL B@8 >3@><=K5 4>;3>2K5 :=838, 8;8 @538AB@0.  ?5@2CN 2=>A8;8AL 4>;38 ?@5:@0A=>3> ?>;0, ?> G0AB8  8D:8=>9 B>@3>2;8; 2> 2B>@CN 70?8AK205<K 1K;8 4>;38 ?><5I8:>2 8;8 2>>1I5 <C6G8=, B0: =07K205<KE ?0=>2, 70 =0?8B:8 8 AJ5AB=K5 ?@8?0AK; B@5BLO :=830 2<5I0;0 2 A515 4>;38 =5AG0AB=KE ?>A5;O=, :>B>@K5, ?@85760O 2 3>@>4 ?@>4020BL ?@>872545=8O 75<;8, ?> =C645 >AB02;O;8 C A51O 45=L38 B>;L:> =0 C?;0BC 3>A?>4A:8E ?>28==>AB59, 0 >AB0;L=>5 ?@>?820;8 8, A25@E B>3>, 2E>48;8 2 4>;38. 'B>1K 40BL G8B0B5;N ?>=OB85, :0:8< >1@07>< 684K >1E>4OBAO A ?>A5;O=0<8, O @0AA:06C > @0AG5B5 >2H8 A >4=8< 1>30BK< :@5ABLO=8=><, G5<C O 1K; >G5284=K< A2845B5;5<. -B>B :@5ABLO=8= ?@85E0; 2 3>@>4 =0:0=C=5 B>@3>2>3> 4=O, A 42C<O 2>70<8, =03@C65==K<8 @>6LN 8 ?H5=8F5N, 8 ?@825; A A>1>N, =0 ?@>406C, 42CE :>@>2. = >AB0=>28;AO =>G520BL C >2H8. %8B@K9 684, 284O, GB> ?>A5;O=8= A>18@05BAO C68=0BL A B@5<O A2>8<8 B>20@8I0<8 =0B@572>, ?>?>BG520; 53> A0<>N ;CGH5N 8 A0<>N :@5?:>N 2>4:>9. @5ABLO=8=C G@572KG09=> ?>=@028;AO MB>B =0?8B>:, 8 684 2 4@C3>9 @07 ?>?>BG520; 53> 40@><. >340 2 3>;>25 :@5ABLO=8=0 70HC<5;>, >= 25;5; ?>40BL A515 :20@BC {>;LA:0O <5@0. 0@=5F 8<55B G5BK@5 :20@BK; :20@B0 - 425 ?>;C:20@BK 8;8 G5BK@5 :20B5@:8, B> 5ABL >AL<CH:8.} MB>9 2>4:8 70 45=L38. 84 B>;L:> 8 640; MB>3>: >= 7=0; =@02 A2>53> 3>ABO 8 53> B>@>20B>ABL, 0 ?>B><C, ;8HL B>;L:> :@5ABLO=8= 70?8;, >= ?>A;0; C254><8BL >1 MB>< 4@C38E 53> B>20@8I59 8 ?@83;0A8; =5A:>;L:> 70?8A=KE 3>@>4A:8E ?LO=8F, :>B>@K5 C<5NB >A>15==K< >1@07>< 2:@04K20BLAO 2 4>25@5==>ABL ?@85768E. > <5@5 70B<5=8O @0AAC4:0 A2>8E 3>AB59 684 ?@8102;O; 2>4K 2 2>4:C, 8 E>BO A>15A54=8:8 MB> GC2AB2>20;8 8 87JO2;O;8 A2>5 =5C4>2>;LAB285 3@C1>N 1@0=LN, 684 B5@?5;82> A=>A8; 3@C1>AB8 8 ?@>4>;60; A2>N >?5@0F8N 4> B5E ?>@, ?>:0 1>;LH0O G0ABL 87 ?>A5B8B5;59 CA=C;0 =0 <5AB5, 0 4@C385 :>5-:0: 2K?>;7;8 =0 C;8FC. 0 4@C3>9 45=L, :>340 :@5ABLO=8=, <CG8<K9 3>;>2=>N 1>;LN, 2>72@0I0;AO 2 :><=0BC 87-?>4 =025A0, 345 AB>O;8 53> ;>H048 8 :>@>2K, 684 ?>B@51>20; 53> : @0AG5BC 70 4>;38, =0:>?82H85AO 2 ?@>4>;65=85 =5A:>;L:8E <5AOF52. @5ABLO=8= CA8;L=> ?@>A8; >B;>68BL @0AG5B 4> 4@C3>3> 2@5<5=8; => 684, :0: 8A:CA=K9 ?A8E>;>3, 7=0O ?@028;>: in corpore sano mens sana, =5 A>3;0H0;AO =0 >BA@>G:C 8 E>B5; 2>A?>;L7>20BLAO 70B<5=85< @0AAC4:0 A2>53> 4>;6=8:0 >B 28==KE ?0@>2, ?>A;5 2G5@0H=59 =52>745@6=>AB8, 8 53> 4C@=K< @0A?>;>65=85< 4CE0. 84 2K=5A A2>N 4>;3>2CN :=83C, ?8A0==CN ?>-52@59A:8, 27O; :CA>: <5;C, ?>A048; <C68:0 70 AB>; ?@>B82C A51O 8, ?5@525@BK20O ;8ABK 2 :=835, =0G0; @0AG5B: - ><=8HL ;8, - A:070; 684, - :0: BK 68; 745AL B@>5 ACB>: A ?>42>40<8, ?5@54 ;5B=8< 8:>;>9? - 0: =5 ?><=8BL! - >B25G0; <C68:. -  ?5@2K9 45=L BK 27O; ?>CB@C ?>;:20@BK 2>4:8: =5 ?@0240 ;8? - @0240. - C, 2>B O 70?8HC, - ?@><>;28; 684 8 ?@>25; =0 AB>;5 G5@B>G:C <5;><. - >A;5, :>340 ?@8H5; B2>9 7OBL, A 8:8B>9, BK 27O; 5I5 :20@BC, - 8 A A8< A;>2>< 684 ?@>25; 425 G5@B>G:8. -  >154 BK >?OBL 27O; 425 :20B5@:8, - 684 >?OBL ?@>25; 425 G5@B>G:8, =5278@0O =0 @07=>ABL <5@K. - >A;5 >1540... - => :@5ABLO=8=, :>B>@K9 15A?@5AB0==> ?>G5AK20; 3>;>2C 8 ?>B8@0; ;>1, ?@5@20; A;>20 6840: - _0=5 0@5=40@N_ (B0: ;8B>2A:85 <C68:8 25;8G0NB 684>2), - <=5, ?@02>, =5 2 A8;C: 25;8 40BL 2>4:8, 3>;>20 1>;8B A<5@B5;L=>! 84C MB>3>-B> 8 =04>1=> 1K;>: - 59, !>@:0,  8D:0! - 2>A:;8:=C; 52@59. - >?>BGC9B5 2>4:>N _3>A?>40@O_ (B0: 684K 2708<=> 25;8G0NB :@5ABLO=, :>340 E>BOB 8E >1<0=CBL). @5ABLO=8= 2K?8; >3@><=K9 AB0:0=, <>@I0AL 8 A>4@>30OAL, 8 45;> ?>H;> 4@C38< ?>@O4:><. - >A;5 >1540, - ?@>4>;60; 684, - BK 27O; ?>;:20@BK. - 7O;. 84 ?@>25; G5@B>G:C: -  :>340 2>H5; 20=, BK >?OBL 27O; ?>;:20@BK. - 5B, =5 1@0;, 0 27O; 20=, - >B25G0; <C68:. - %>@>H>, BK =5 1@0;, - ?@><>;28; 684, 0 <564C B5< ?@>25; A=>20 G5@B>G:C. - 5G5@>< BK 1@0; ?>;:20@BK? - @0;. 84 ?@>25; G5@B>G:C: -  ?>CB@C 1@0;? - 5B, =5 1@0;, 0 27O; 20=, - >B25G0; <C68:. - 5 1@0;? - A:070; 684 8 ?@>25; >?OBL G5@BC. -  >154, =0 4@C3>9 45=L, BK 1@0; ?>;:20@BK. - 5B, B>;L:> :20B5@:C, - >B25G0; <C68:. - %>@>H>, ?CABL 1C45B :20B5@:0, - 2>7@078; 684 8 ?@>25; G5@B>G:C, >7=0G0NICN <5@C ?>;C:20@BK, :>B>@0O A>45@68B 2 A515 G5BK@5 :20B5@:8. "0:8< >1@07>< ?@>4>;60;AO @0AG5B, 2> 2@5<O :>B>@>3> 4>G5@8 >2H8,  8D:0 8 !>@:0, 15A?@5AB0==> ?>BG520;8 <C68:0 2>4:>N, 0 684 AB028; G5@BK, :>340 :@5ABLO=8= A>7=020;AO, GB> >= 1@0; 2 4>;3 2>4:C, 8 :>340 3>2>@8;, GB> =5 1@0;, =5 @07;8G0O <5@K, :>340 >=0 1K;0 <5=LH5 ?>;C:20@BK, 8 ?@8102;OO G5@B>G:8, :>340 <5@0 1K;0 1>;55. 0:>=5F, :>340 C :@5ABLO=8=0 70:@C68;>AL 2 3>;>25 8 2 3;070E ?>B5<=5;>, 684 2K=C; 87-70 ?07CE8 :CA>: <5;C, A 2K@57:>N, =0?>4>185 42CE =>65:, 8 MB8< 42>9=K< 8=AB@C<5=B>< ?@8=O;AO AB028BL, 2<5AB> >4=>9, ?> 425 G5@BK >4=8< @07><. >340 AB>; 1K; 25AL 8A?8A0=, 684 ?@8720; 2 A2845B5;8 @0AG5B0 =5A:>;L:8E A>A5459 :@5ABLO=8=0 8 >=8, A>AG8B02 G5@B>G:8, ?@52@0B8;8 8E 2 45=L38: =5AG0AB=K9 4>;65= 1K; >B40BL 684C ;CGHCN A2>N :>@>2C 8 2AN A2>N ?H5=8FC, E>BO 2 A0<>< 45;5 >= 5420 1K; 4>;65= 45AOBCN G0ABL B>3>, GB> 70?;0B8;. >GB8 B0:8< 65 >1@07>< >1E>48;AO >2H0 8 A ?><5I8:0<8, B>;L:> 8A:CA=55 8 =5A:>;L:> ?>=56=55. 4=0:> 6 42>9=>9 <5;>:, ?@8<5AL 2 28=0E 8 =0G5BK 1K;8 B0: 65 C?>B@51;O5<K ?@8 @0AG5B0E A 42>@O=0<8, :0: 8 A :@5ABLO=0<8. 84, 7=0O, GB> ?>;LA:85 ?0=K 8 @CAA:85 >D8F5@K =5 ;N1OB 702>48BL AG5B=KE :=83 8 G@572KG09=> A:CG0NB ?@>4>;68B5;L=K<8 @0AG5B0<8, 2K18@0; 1;03>?@8OB=>5 2@5<O 4;O A2>8E 284>2 8 B>340 8<5==> ?@8ABC?0; : 4>;6=8:0< A> A2>8<8 4>;3>2K<8 :=830<8, :>340 >=8 =0E>48;8AL 2 25AL<0 25A5;>< 8;8 2 A;8H:>< ?5G0;L=>< @0A?>;>65=88 4CE0. 5=0 >2H8,  8D:0, :>B>@0O B0:65 >B?CA:0;0 2 4>;3 B>20@K 8, 2<5AB> ?@>F5=B>2, ?>;CG0;0 >B ?><5I8F, 2 ?>40@>:, F5;K5 :048 A <0A;>< 8 F5;K5 AB08 4><0H=8E ?B8F, 2K18@0;0 2@5<O 4;O @0AG5B0 A 4>;6=8F0<8 A2>8<8, :>340 >=8 8<5;8 :@09=NN =5>1E>48<>ABL 2 :@548B, 0 8<5==> ?5@54 10;0<8, 42>@O=A:8<8 2K1>@0<8 8 A204L10<8.  B>@3>2;5 MB>3> @>40 =5;L7O 1K;> >1<0=K20BL B5<8 65 A@54AB20<8, :0: ?@8 ?@>4065 28= 8 2>4>:; => E8B@0O  8D:0, ?>;L7COAL =C64>N 8 BI5A;0285< A2>8E ?>:C?I8F, >1<5@820;0 8E, >125H820;0, 1@0;0 70 2A5 42>9=CN F5=C 8, A25@E B>3>, 2K<0=820;0 ?>40@:8, ?>4 ?@54;>3><, GB> >=0 A0<0 15@5B B>20@K 2 4>;3 8 >1O70=0 ?;0B8BL ?@>F5=BK. @><5 B>3>, B>@3>2;O 55 ?@8=>A8;0 8 BC ?>;L7C, GB>, ?>A@54AB2>< 65=, >2H0 8<5; 2;8O=85 =0 <C6G8=, B> 5ABL =0 45=56=K5 A?5:C;OF88 ?><5I8:>2. =8 4065 1K;8 @04K, GB> 70 H5;:>2K5 B:0=8 8 :@C6520, 70 28=>, @><, ?>@B5@, A0E0@ 8 :>D5 <>3;8 ?;0B8BL 2>;0<8, ?H5=8F5N, ;L=><, ?5=L:>N 8 4@C38<8 A5;LA:8<8 ?@>872545=8O<8, ?>B><C GB> 684 ?@8 MB>< A;CG05 70:C?0; >AB0;L=>9 8E 70?0A =0 =0;8G=K5 45=L38, ?> F5=5, 6840<8 65 CAB0=>2;5==>9, 8 >1K:=>25==> 2 ?>;>28=C ?@>B82C F5=, >1JO2;O5<KE =0 18@60E 8 2 ?>@B0E. ><5I8:8 2 B5E AB@0=0E 2>>1I5 =5 8<5NB =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O > B>@3>2KE 45;0E 8 ?>;CG0NB :><<5@G5A:85 8725AB8O B>;L:> G@57 684>2.  F5;>9 3C15@=88 5420 =5A:>;L:> G5;>25: 2K?8AK20NB 3075BK 8 B> 548=AB25==> 4;O BO651=KE >1JO2;5=89 8 4;O 70?0A0 : =5;5?K< B>;:0< > ?>;8B8:5. AO MB0 684>2A:0O B>@3>2;O, >A=>20==0O =0 >1<0=5, =07K20;0AL _?>72>;5==>N_, 0 ?>B><C 684K 70=8<0;8AL 5N O2=>, ?@8>1@5B0O <564C B5< 3>@074> 1>;LH85 2K3>4K A:@KBK< >1@07>< - A@54AB20<8, 70?@5I05<K<8 70:>=0<8 8 A>25ABLN. >2H0 ?>;N18; <5=O 70 <>N A:@><=>ABL 8 CA;C6;82>ABL; >= ?>G8B0; <5=O A2>8< A>1AB25==K< A;C3>N, ?>B><C GB> 8;>2848=, 27O2 >BAB02:C 8 ?>A5;82H8AL 2 >A:25, >B@5:AO >B 25I59 A2>8E 8 >B <5=O, =5 8<5O G5< 2K:C?8BL 70;>30. >2H0 C?>B@51;O; <5=O 4;O A0<KE A5:@5B=KE ?>@CG5=89 8 AC;8; <=5 7>;>BK5 3>@K, 5A;8 O @5HCAL A45;0BLAO 684><. %>BO O =5 8<5; =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O > 25@5, 1C4CG8 2A:>@<;5=, :0: 725@5=>:, => >4=> =0720=85 6840 C60A0;> <5=O, 8 O, =5 >B:07K20OAL 2>2A5, >B:;04K20; >1@570=85 ?>4 @07;8G=K<8 ?@54;>30<8, 0 <564C B5< =0<5@520;AO 1560BL >B MB>9 154K. 4=064K 2 4><5 >2H8 >AB0=>28;8AL 420 ?>25@5==K5 1>30BKE 3>A?>4, 2>72@0I02H85AO 87  838, A 45=L30<8, ?>;CG5==K<8 70 ?@>40==K9 8<8 E;51 8 ?5=L:C. -B8 33. ?>25@5==K5, :0: 284=>, 1K;8 2 B5A=>9 A2O78 A >2H5N: >=8 >B40;8 5<C 2A5 3>A?>4A:>5 7>;>B>, :>B>@>5 >2H0 >15I0; 2>72@0B8BL =0 4@C3>9 45=L, AG5B><, 8 4065 >4=><C 87 =8E, G5;>25:C =5>?KB=><C 2 MB8E 45;0E, 40; 2 70;>3 A5@51@O=CN <>=5BC, =0 BC 65 A0<CN AC<<C. 0 =>GL >2H0 70?5@AO =025@EC, 2 A2>59 :0<>@:5, ?@8720; BC40 <5=O 8 AK=0 A2>53>, .45;O, 8 >1JO28;, GB> <K 4>;6=K F5;CN =>GL @01>B0BL. = 2KAK?0; 87 <5H:>2, =0 AB>;, 1>;LHCN 3@C4C G5@2>=F52, 70AB028; .45;O 2K18@0BL 87 :CG8 ?>;=>25A=K5 8 1>;LH85, 4;O <5=O @07>AB;0; =0 ?>;C AC:=>, ?>AK?0; 53> :0:8<-B> G5@=K< ?>@>H:>< 8 25;5; <=5 ?5@5B8@0BL =0 AC:=5 >B>1@0==K5 G5@2>=FK, ?@868<0O 8E :@5?:> : AC:=C. !0< >2H0 A5; 70 AB>;, =0 :>B>@>< AB>O;8 425 2>A:>2K5 A25G8 8 C25;8G8B5;L=>5 AB5:;> =0 =>6:0E. .45;L ?>4020; 5<C G5@2>=FK, 0 >=, A<>B@O =0 =8E G5@57 AB5:;>, >1@57K20; 8E :@82K<8, B>=:8<8 =>6=8F0<8. 5 7=0N, A:>;L:> 1K;> G5@2>=F52 2 =0H8E @C:0E, => : @0AA25BC O ?5@5<5=8; B@8 :CA:0 AC:=0, 0 >2H0 A>1@0; F5;CN G09=CN G0H:C 7>;>BKE >1@57:>2. >25@5==K5 ?>;CG8;8 >1@0B=> AG5B>< A2>8 G5@2>=FK, =5 701>BOAL > 25A5; 0 2 2>7=03@0645=85 8E A=8AE>48B5;L=>AB8 40=> 8< ?> =5A:>;L:C G5@2>=F52, 8, A25@E B>3>, 684 =5 27O; A =8E =8G53> 70 :>@< ;>H0459, 70 ?8IC 8 28=> 8 40; 8< =5A:>;L:> 1CBK;>: 28=0 =0 4>@>3C. 5G5@>< >2H0 2K653 AC:=> 8 ?5@5B>?8; >1@57:8 2 ?5G8, =0@>G=> CAB@>5==>9 4;O B>3> 2 53> :0<>@:5. 0H0 =>G=0O @01>B0 4>AB028;0 5<C :CA>: 7>;>B0 25;8G8=>N A :C;0:. K 70=8<0;8AL MB8< 2KA0AK20=85< 7>;>B0 87 G5@2>=F52 2A5340, :>340 B>;L:> >AB0=02;820;8AL 2 4><5 7=0:><K5 ?>25@5==K5 8 :><8AA8>=5@K 1>30BKE ?0=>2 8;8 :>340 :C?FK 8;8 3>A?>40 ?>25@O;8 >2H5 7>;>B> 4;O :0:8E-=81C4L >1>@>B>2. 4=064K 25G5@>< >2H0 25;5; <=5 A>18@0BLAO 2 4>@>3C, : 4@C3><C CB@C.  8D:0 C;>68;0 2 =51>;LH>9 AC=4C: ?0@C =>2>3> >2H8=0 ?;0BLO: G5@=K9 ?>;CH5;:>2K9 78?C=, 70AB53820NI89AO >B 2>@>B=8:0 4> ?>OA0 :@NG:0<8, G5@=CN H5;:>2CN <0=B8N, A 1>;LH8<8 :8ABO<8 =0?5@548, ?0@C A5@KE GC;>:, =>2K5 10H<0:8 8 :@C3;CN, A 1>;LH8<8 ?>;O<8, H;O?C; 15;LO >=0 ?>;>68;0 AB>;L:> HBC:, A:>;L:> =545;L ?@54?>;030;>AL 1KBL 2 >BACBAB288, 8<5==> 65 425 HBC:8. !J5AB=K<8 ?@8?0A0<8 =0?>;=8;0 >A>1CN :>@>1:C: >=8 A>AB>O;8 87 >4=>9 1CBK;:8 2>4:8 _H010H>2:8_, B0: =07K205<>9 ?> 55 4>1@>B5 8 ?> B><C, GB> 55 ?LNB B>;L:> 2 H010H, :>340 2>A?520NB 25A5;K9 _<08>D8A_ {>;LA:85 684K =5 8<5NB A;>2 4;O ?5A5=. =8 =0?520NB B>;L:> <5;>48N, 8 B> - ?>43C;O2H8 2 H010H. 5A5;K9 =0?52 =07K205BAO <08>D8A.}; 87 42CE :>H5@=KE AK@>2, 4><0H=59 @01>BK, 42CE 1>;LH8E @545:, 4204F0B8 G5BK@5E ;C:>28F, 425=04F0B8 A5;54>:, 42CE 1C;>:, >4=>9 2O7:8 684>2A:8E :@5=45;59 8;8 10@0=>: 8 =51>;LH>3> :CA:0 60@5=>9 :>7;OB8=K. -B>B 70?0A >?@545;5= 1K; 4;O ?OB8 G5;>25: =0 425 =545;8. ! >2H5N 5E0;8: 684 $C@<0=, 7OBL 53> >A5;L, ?;5<O==8: %0F:5;L 8 O, =5AG0AB=K9. !C=4C: 8 :>@>1:0 >B40=K 1K;8 <=5 =0 @C:8, 8 :>340 O 70<5B8;  8D:5, GB> MB>3> 70?0AC 1C45B <0;>, >=0 @0AA5@48;0AL 8 :@8:=C;0 =0 <5=O: - >;F8, 3>9 {"0: 684K =07K20NB E@8AB80=; MB> A8=>=8< BC@5F:>3> A;>20 380C@, 8 7=0G8B: =525@=K9.}! K 2A5 B>;L:> 8 4C<05B5, FB>1 5ABL 8 ?8BL, 0 =5 4C<05B5, FB> :0740O :@>E0 AB>8B 45=53: =04>1=> 45=L38 15@5F, B5?5@L EC4KO 2@5<5=0! - 0 C 20A 45=53 8 157 B>3> 4>2>;L=>! - A:070; O A:2>7L 7C1K, =03=C2H8AL : :>@>1:5. 4@C3 >=0 2715A8;0AL. - 0: BK A<55HL 3>2>@8BL, FB> C =0A 45=53 <=>3>? 5@H-BC {-B>, 8A:>25@:0==0O 2 A<KA;5 8 2 ?@>87=>H5=88, =5<5F:0O D@070: horst du? A;KH8HL ;8 BK? 84K, >A>15==> 684>2:8, 2 >;LH5 C?>B@51;ONB MB> 35@H-BC 2 :064>< A;CG05, :>340 A5@48BK 8;8 =54>2>;L=K: >=> >B25G05B @CAA:><C: 2>B B5 =0, 8;8: 2848HL ;8, :0:>2!}!  0725 BK 2840; 8 AF8B0; =0A8 45=L38? 5@H-BC! E BK E><CB! E BK 4C30 {"0: 684K 1@0=OB A;C3 8 <C68:>2.}! 0: BK A<55HL 3>2>@8BL, FB> C =0A 5ABL 45=L38! - 684>2:0 B@OA;0AL >B 7;>1K, 3@>78;0 <=5 :C;0:0<8 8, 25@>OB=>, C40@8;0 1K, 5A;8 1 O =5 ?@8>A0=8;AO 8 =5 2A:@8:=C; 2 A2>N >G5@54L: - 0 GB> BK @0AA5@48;0AL, ?0=8 0@5=40@H0! A;8 BK <5=O B@>=5HL, B> O 2A5 1@>HC 8 C94C! 0 :@8: =0H ?@81560; >2H0 8, C7=02 > ?@8G8=5 1@0=8, ?@8:@8:=C; =0 65=C 8 2K25; 55 2 4@C3CN :><=0BC, 345, ?>:@8G02 2<5AB5, >=8 CA?>:>8;8AL, 0  8D:0, 2>72@0B82H8AL, ?>3;048;0 <5=O ?> 3>;>25 8 40;0 1>;LH>9 :@5=45;L, ?@8<>;282: - 5 A5@48AL, 0=L:0! O 4;O B51O ?>;>7C 2 :>@>1:C :CA>: :>?F5=03> 3CAO, 0 5A;8 =0A8 784K 70E>BOB ;0:><8BLAO, ?CA:09 ?>:C?0NB =0 A2>8 45=L38. # =0A >AB0=>28;AO 2 :20@B8@5 >48= 87 A>A54=8E ?><5I8:>2. 5G5@><, =0:0=C=5 >BJ5740 >2H8, ?><5I8: ?@8:070; ?>40BL ?C=HC 4;O A51O 8 4;O E>7O8=0, 25;5; 5<C A5ABL 8 =0G0; A =8< 15A54>20BL. >>1I5 1>;LH0O G0ABL <5;:8E ?><5I8:>2 ?>G8B0NB 684>2 A254CI8<8 2> 2A5E 45;0E, 4065 2 ?>;8B8:5, 8, 2<5AB> B>3> GB>1K ?>4?8AK20BLAO =0 3075BK, 45=L38, :>B>@K5 =04;560;> 1K 70?;0B8BL 70 =8E, >=8 C?>B@51;ONB =0 ?C=H 8 28=>, 0 2@5<O, :>B>@>5 4>;6=> 1 1K;> B5@OBL =0 GB5=85, ?@>2>4OB 2 @073>2>@0E A 6840<8 > 2A5<8@=KE ?@>8AH5AB28OE. 7 :><=0BK ?><5I8:0 425@L 1K;0 >B2>@5=0 2 :>=C@C, 345, ?@8 A25B5 =>G=8:0, O 4>;65= 1K; I8?0BL ?5@LO 4;O 684>2A:8E ?5@8=, ?>B><C B>;L:>, GB>1 =5 >AB020BLAO =8 =0 <8=CBC 2 157459AB288 8, ?> 684>2A:>9 A8AB5<5, =5 5ABL 40@>< E;510. 064>5 A;>2> 1K;> A;KH=>; ?>:0 3>2>@8;8 > B>@3>2;5, E>7O9AB25, 2>9=5 8 > 3C15@=0B>@5, O =5 >1@0I0; 2=8<0=8O =0 @073>2>@; => :>340 :>A=C;8AL 4> ?CB5H5AB28O >2H8, O AB0; ?@8A;CH820BLAO, ;N1>?KBAB2CO 7=0BL, :C40 8 70G5< <K ?>545<. - !B@0==>, @515 { 515 7=0G8B B> 65, GB> 3>A?>48=, monsieur.} >2H0, - A:070; ?><5I8:, - GB> BK, ?@>872>4O B0:CN >1H8@=CN B>@3>2;N, 274C<0; 27OBL 2 0@5=4=>5 A>45@60=85 :>@G<K, 2 8<5=L5, >BAB>OI5< =0 20 <8;L >B B2>53> <5AB>?@51K20=8O. / 7=0N, GB> BK, A25@E B>3>, 3>=8HL B0< 453>BL 8 2K45;K205HL ?>B0H: => 2A5 MB> <>3 1K BK 8<5BL, B0: A:070BL, ?>4 1>:><. /, 8 :064K9 ?><5I8:, >E>B=> 2ABC?8; 1K A B>1>N 2 45;0. - A>15==K5 >1AB>OB5;LAB20, OA=525;L<>7=K9 ?0=5, - >B25G0; >2H0, - 70AB02;ONB <5=O A>45@70BL 0@5=4C B0: 40;5:> >B 4><C.  B>9 AB>@>=5 7825B 2AO @>4=O <>59 75=K, 8 O, 87 _1;03>B2>@8B5;L=>AB8_, @07<5AB8; ?> :>@G<0< 154=CN @>4=N. >B0A 8 453>BL B0< C4>1=55 A1K20BL A @C:, ?>B><C FB> MB> 8<5=L5 ;578B =0 A0<>9 3@0=8F5. B 2A53> MB>3> O =5 ?>;CF0N =8:0:>9 ?@81K;8 8 577C BC40 420 @070 2 3>4 70B5< B>;L:>, FB>1K =01;N40BL 70 ?>@O4:><, 45;0BL @0AF5BK 8 2K-@CF0BL A2>8 A>1AB25==K5 45=L38, =0 C?;0BC 0@5=4K: ?@81K;L ?>;CF0NB @>4AB25==8:8 <>59 75=K, :>B>@K< O _1;03>45B5;LAB2CN_. - >E20;L=>, 25AL<0 ?>E20;L=>, @515 >2H0, - A:070; ?><5I8:. - -B>B ?@8<5@ 4>AB>8= ?>4@060=8O, 8 <564C =0<8, 8 ?> A?@0254;82>AB8 A:070BL, =0 684>2 A;8H:>< <=>3> :;5?;NB =0?@0A;8=K, B>340, :0: >48= MB>B ?@8<5@ _15A:>@KAB=>9 ;N128 : @>4=5_ 4>;65= @0A?>;>68BL 2 8E ?>;L7C. 5=O ?>720;8 : C68=C, 8 O =5 A;KE0; ?@>4>;65=8O @073>2>@0. '8B0B5;L 2A:>@5 C2848B, GB> 7=0G8B 684>2A:0O _15A:>@KAB=0O ;N1>2L_ : @>4AB25==8:0< 8 _1;03>B2>@8B5;L=>ABL, 157 ?@81K;8_! 0 4@C3>9 45=L 2 4;8==CN 1@8G:C, ?>:@KBCN ?0@CA8=>N, 70?0G:0==CN 453B5< 8 3@O7LN, 70?@O3;8 B@5E B>I8E ;>H0459 2 A1@CN 87 ;K:, 25@52>: 8 >B@K2:>2 AB0@KE 10@A:8E H>@, =020;8;8 2 1@8G:C ?5@8= 8 ?>4CH5:, ?>AB028;8 AC=4C:8 8 OI8:8 8 >B?@028;8AL 2 ?CBL. >2H0, >A5;L 8 %0F:5;L, 2 70A0;5==KE E0;0B0E, 2 :>;?0:0E, CA5;8AL 2 ?5@8=0E, 2 B5A=>9 :CG5, ?>GB8 >48= =0 4@C3><, 0 O ?><5AB8;AO 2 =>30E, =0 AC=4C:5 A ?;0BL5<. 0: ?>@0 1K;0 >A5==OO, B> <=5 40;8 :0:CN-B> AB0@CN D@87>2CN H8=5;L, :C?;5==CN =0 @K=:5, 8 H0?:C, 701KBCN 2 H8=:5 >4=8< E<5;L=K< ;0:55<; MB0 H0?:0 G@572KG09=> <5=O 15A?>:>8;0, =0A>2K20OAL =0 3;070, ?@8 :064>< ?>B@OA5=88 1@8G:8. 5 AB0=C >?8AK20BL =0H53> ?CB5H5AB28O, :>B>@>5 1K;> 2>2A5 =570=8<0B5;L=> 8 ?@>4>;60;>AL 420 4=O A ?>;>28=>N. 0 B@5B89 45=L <K A2>@>B8;8 A 1>;LH>9 4>@>38 8 : ?>;C4=N ?@85E0;8 2 <0;CN :>@G<C, =0E>4OICNAO 2 =5:>B>@>< >B40;5=88 >B 154=>9 45@52CH:8, A>AB>OI59 87 45AOB8 E868=. %>7O8= :>@G<K >1@04>20;AO, :0: :070;>AL, =0H5<C ?@8574C 8 B>BG0A 2KA;0; B@5E <C68:>2 A ?8AL<0<8 =58725AB=> :C40.  =>G8 =0G0;8 AJ5760BLAO 684K: >4=8 25@E>< 157 A54;0, 4@C385 2 B5;56:0E, 8 ?>:0 684>2:0 AB@O?0;0 C68=, 8E =01@0;>AL >:>;> 4204F0B8 G5;>25:. > >1K:=>25=8N, : 25G5@C A>1@0;8AL 2 :>@G<C 8 <C68:8, :C@8BL B010:, ?8BL 2>4:C =0 :@548B, ;0:><8BLAO ACH5=>N @K1>9, B0@0=LN, 8 15A54>20BL, ?@8 A25B5 ;CG8=K, > A2>5< 3>A?>48=5 8 ?@8:07G8:5. 84K =5 >1@0I0;8 2=8<0=8O =0 :@5ABLO=, 70?5@;8AL 2 4@C3>9 :><=0B5 8 A HC<>< @073>20@820;8 4>;3> <564C A>1>N, 3>2>@O, ?> 1>;LH59 G0AB8, 2A5 24@C3. 0:>=5F, :>340 1C@=>5 A>25I0=85 :>=G8;>AL, 0@5=40B>@ 2K3=0;, 157 >:>;8G=>AB59, <C68:>2 87 :>@G<K, 3>2>@O, GB> 4;O 53> 3>AB59 =04>1=> AB;0BL ?>AB5;8. 5C3><>==K< <C68:0<, :>B>@K5 =5 E>B5;8 >AB028BL :>@G<K, >= 40; 2>4:8 8 B010:C =04><, 8 >=8 A ?5A=O<8 ?CAB8;8AL 2 A5;5=85. :>;> ?>;C=>G8 ?@85E0; 25@E>< :0:>9-B> 3>A?>48=; >= >AB020;AO A ?>;G0A0 =0548=5 A >2H5N, 8 O A;KH0; C 425@59, :0: >=8 B>@3>20;8AL; =0:>=5F C40@8;8 ?> @C:0<, 8 >2H0 >BAG8B0; 3>A?>48=C =5A:>;L:> 45AOB:>2 @C1;528:>2 8 G5@2>=F52. >A?>48=, 2K?82 @N<:C 2>4:8 70 74>@>2L5 _G5AB=>9_ :><?0=88, 70:C@8; B@C1:C, A5; =0 :>=O 8 ?>A:0:0; : ;5AC. 84K ?>C68=0;8 8 B>65 @07J5E0;8AL. >2H0 8 53> A?CB=8:8 ;53;8, =5 @074520OAL, >B4>E=CBL =0 ?5@8=0E, 0 O ?@8;53 =0 A>;><5. 0 =5A:>;L:> 2@5<5=8 4> @0AA25B0 0@5=40B>@ @071C48; =0A, 8 <K =0 42CE B5;56:0E, 2 >4=C ;>H04L, ?>5E0;8 B0:65 2 ;5A, ?> <0;>9 4>@>6:5. / ?@028; B5;56:>N, 2 :>B>@>9 A845;8 >2H0 8 >A5;L, 0 E>7O8= :>@G<K A %0F:5;5< ?CAB8;8AL 2?5@54 2 4@C3>9 B5;535. K 4>;3> 5E0;8 ;5A><, ?>:0 =0G0;> A25B0BL, 0 =0:>=5F CA;KH0;8 A:@8? :>;5A 8 ?>=C48B5;L=K5 :;8:8 872>7G8:>2. >2H0 >1@04>20;AO 8 25;5; <=5 ?>3>=OBL. A:>@5 <K 2AB@5B8;8 >1>7, A>AB>O2H89 87 ?OB845AOB8 B5;53, =03@C65==KE 1>G:0<8 A 453B5< 8 ?>B0H5<. @8 >1>75 =0E>48;AO >48= B>;L:> 684; 872>7G8:8 1K;8 <C68:8. >3>2>@82 A MB8< 684><, >2H0 25;5; <=5 ?>2>@>B8BL ;>H04L 8 A;54>20BL 70 >1>7><. @>5E02 >1@0B=K< ?CB5< >:>;> 42CE 25@AB, <K =0 ?>2>@>B5 2AB@5B8;8 >B@O4 ?>3@0=8G=KE :070:>2, A :>B>@K<8 1K; B>B A0<K9 3>A?>48=, :>B>@>3> O 2845; 2 :>@G<5: >= 1K; =5 2>5==K9 8 >45B 25AL<0 ?@>AB>. 028452 =0A, >= >AB028; :><0=4C 8 A :070GL8< >D8F5@>< ?@8A:0:0; : >1>7C. - 'B> 2575B5? - A?@>A8; >D8F5@. - >B0A 8 453>BL, - >B25G0; 684, 1K2H89 ?@8 >1>75. - "K E>7O8=, GB> ;8? - A:070; :070G89 >D8F5@. - 5B-A; 2>B >=, OA=525;L<>7=K9, 20A5-2KA>:>@>485! - >B25G0; 684, C:07K20O =0 >2HC, :>B>@K9 2 MB> 2@5<O A;57 A B5;56:8 8, AB>O 157 H0?:8, =87:> :;0=O;AO. - K, 15745;L=8:8, 25@=>, 2575B5 :>=B@010=4C! - 70:@8G0; 3>A?>48= 2 HB0BA:>< ?;0BL5. - 0: <>7=>, AC40@L, FB> 1K F25B=K5 ;N48 B>@3>20;8 :>=B@010=4>N? - A:070; >2H0, 873810OAL. - 71028 =0A >3 >B MB>3>! K, 154=K5 784:8, ?@><KA;O5< 453B5< 8 ?>B0A><. 72>;LB5 >A2845B5;LAB2>20BL. >A?>48= A;57 A ;>H048, >B2O70; 65;57=K9 ?@CB >B A54;0, 2K=C; <>;>B>: 87 :>60=>3> <5H:0 8 =0G0; ABCG0BL 2 1>G:8, ?@8A;CH820BLAO : 72C:C C40@>2, ?@>1>20BL ?@CB>< 2=CB@8 1>G5:, =0:>=5F ?5@5H0@8; <C68:>2, B5;538 8 :0: 1K 2 4>A045 2>A:;8:=C;: - 5G53> 45;0BL! ?@02K - ?>57609B5, : G5@BC! - > 2@5<O >1KA:0 :070G89 >D8F5@ >AB020;AO =0 ;>H048 8 ?@8;56=> =01;N40; 70 459AB28O<8 3>A?>48=0 2 HB0BA:>< ?;0BL5; => 284O, GB> 2A5 8A?@02=>, >= >AB028; =0A 2 ?>:>5 8 ?@>4>;60; ?CBL A> A2>5N :><0=4>9. >2H0 =5 <>3 C45@60BL A2>59 @04>AB8, 8, :>340 :070:8 A:@K;8AL 87 284C, >= 70I5;:0; ?0;LF0<8 8 70?5; 25A5;CN =>BC, ?@83>20@820O G0AB>: "B@0?8@B, 0B@0?8@B!" {"> 5ABL C;>28;8, C25@=C;8AL.} @81K2 1;03>?>;CG=> 2 :>@G<C, 1>G:8 A20;8;8 2 A0@05, 0 <C68:>2 >B?CAB8;8, 70?;0B82 8< >BG0AB8 45=L30<8, => 1>;55 2>4:>N, B010:>< 8 A5;L4O<8. >>15402 8 2KA?02H8AL, >2H0 70?5@AO 2 A0@05 A >A5;5<, %0F:5;5< 8 A> <=>N. / 25AL<0 C4828;AO, :>340 >= =0G0; @01>B0BL 2>7;5 1>G5:.  A5@548=5 1K; 453>BL 8;8 ?>B0H, 0 A :@052 >10 4=0 >B28=G820;8AL, 8 B0< =0E>48;8AL @07=K5 4@03>F5==K5 B>20@K, H5;:>2K5 <0B5@88, ?>;>B=0, 10B8ABK, :@C6520, 30;0=B5@59=K5 25I8 8 B. ?. @8=5A;8 60@>2=N, HB5<?5;8, G5@=CN 8 :@0A=CN :@0A:8; @0AB>?8;8 >;>2>, 8, ?>:0 O @074C20; C3>;LO, >2H0 A B>20@8I0<8 =0G0; :;59<8BL 8 ?;><18@>20BL B>20@K, B>G=> B0: :0: O 2?>A;54AB288 2840; 2 B0<>6=OE. >GLN ?@8H;> =5A:>;L:> 1>;LH8E 684>2A:8E DC@, =0 :>B>@K5 =03@C78;8 B>20@K, C;>682 2 :8?K 8 OI8:8, 8 >B?@028;8 4><>9 A >A5;5< 8 %0F:5;5<; O A >2H5N ?>5E0;8 >1@0B=> 2 B>9 65 A0<>9 1@8G:5, 2 :>B>@>9 <K ?@81K;8 2 :>@G<C. >2H0, :0: 2KH5 C?><O=CB>, ?@54?>;030; 1KBL 2 >BACBAB288 425 =545;8 8 ?@>1K; B>;L:> >4=C, ?>B><C GB> B>20@K 53> ?@81K;8 87-70 3@0=8FK ?@5645 A@>:0.  4><5 1K;8 @04>ABL 8 25A5;L5, 8  8D:0, : 4@C3><C 4=N, :>B>@K9 1K; H010H, 8A?5:;0 ?8@>3>2 A <54>< 8 <0:>< 8 :C35;L {0@5=>5 B5AB> 2 3CA8=>< 68@5.}, 8760@8;0 3CAO, A20@8;0 ;>:H8=C {0?H0.} 8 F8<5A {>@:>2L A <54><, 68@>< 8 ?@O=K<8 :>@5=LO<8.} 8 4065 ?>?>BG520;0 <5=O :>H5@=K< 28=>3@04=K< 28=><. >2H0 >1JO28; A2>8< D0:B>@0< 8 25@=8:0<, GB> >= >4=> @04>AB=>5 ?@>8AH5AB285, A;CG82H55AO 2 45;0E 53>, E>G5B >7=0<5=>20BL _4>1@K<_ 45;><. 020O 45=L38 ?>4 70:;04, >= 1@0; >1K:=>25==> ?> 425 :>?59:8 A @C1;O 2 =545;N; B5?5@L, 2 ?@>4>;65=85 F5;>3> <5AOF0, >= 2>7=0<5@8;AO 1@0BL _?> B@8 45=56:8_ A 154=KE 8 =C640NI8EAO. $0:B>@K >1JO28;8 >1 MB>< _1;03>45O=88_ >2H8 2A5< 83@>:0<, <>B0< 8 ?LO=8F0<, 0 >2H0 4>;65= 1K; 2KB5@?5BL C?@5:8 65=K 8 4065 1@0=L 55 70 MBC 87;8H=NN _4>1@>BC A5@4F0_, :>B>@0O, ?> <=5=8N  8D:8, <>3;0 ?@825AB8 8E 2 @07>@5=85.  VIII !" ' ',  ).)!/ ! !", ! ', #)  !". / !"/.  0AB0;0 78<0, 8 2 4><5 >2H8 ?@81028;>AL 45OB5;L=>AB8, 0 <=5 @01>BK. 1>7K 8 ?@>57685 G0AB> >AB0=02;820;8AL C >2H8, 8 O ?@8AB02;5= 1K; : 3>AB8==K< :><=0B0<, : B5< A0<K<, :>B>@K5 70=8<0; ?@5645 8;>284=K. @><5 B>3>, GB> <=5 =04;560;> B>?8BL ?5G8, =>A8BL 2>4C 8 2K<5B0BL :><=0BK, 684 25;5; <=5 ?>4A;CH820BL C 425@59, GB> 3>2>@OB <564C A>1>N ?@857685 3>A?>40, >A>15==> G8=>2=8:8. =5 ?>@CG5=> 1K;> ?>4A;CH820BL, =5 8ICB ;8 :>3>, =5 ;>2OB ;8 G53>, 8 >1@0I0BL 2=8<0=85, =5 1C4CB ;8 ?@>87=5A5=K A;>20: _D0;LH820O <>=5B0_ 8 _:>=B@010=40_. %>BO O =5 ?>=8<0; =0AB>OI53> 7=0G5=8O A8E A;>2, =>, GC2AB2CO, GB> BCB :@>5BAO :0:>5-=81C4L 684>2A:>5 ?;CB>2AB2>, =5 8<5; >E>BK 25@=> A;C68BL 684C, 5A;8 1K 8=>340 =5 A>1;07=O;0 <5=O ?@8<0=:0 =03@04K 8 3>;>4 =5 ?@8=C640; 1KBL >@C485< 684>2A:>9 ?>;8B8:8. > 687=L MB0 <=5 4> B>3> =0A:CG8;0, GB> O @5H8;AO 1560BL ?@8 ?5@2>< A;CG05, :C40 3;070 3;O4OB. 4=> B>;L:> <5=O C45@6820;>: =54>AB0B>: 78<=59 >4564K. 4=064K, :>340 =0G8=0;> A<5@:0BLAO, =5A:>;L:> M:8?0659 >AB0=>28;>AL =0 @K=:5, ?@>B82C 4><0 >2H8. = B>BG0A 2K1560; =0 C;8FC 8, ?>4>H54 : G5B25@><5AB=>9 :0@5B5, =0 ?>;>7LOE, A =87:8< ?>:;>=>< ?@54;>68; A84OI8< 2 :0@5B5 3>A?>40< :20@B8@C, 2KE20;OO 2A5 C4>1AB20 A2>53> 4><0, 45H5287=C DC@060 8 2A5E ?@8?0A>2, @5:><5=4CO ?@8B>< A51O, :0: G5;>25:0 8725AB=>3> A2>5N G5AB=>ABLN 8 CA;C6;82>ABLN. @0A820O =0@C6=>ABL 4><0 >2H8=0, 2 A@02=5=88 A 4@C38<8, :065BAO, 1K;0 C1548B5;L=55 A;>2 E>7O8=0, 8 M:8?068, : 1>;LH>9 @04>AB8 F5;>3> 684>2A:>3> A5<59AB20, ?>4J5E0;8 : :@K;LFC.  8D:0 2K1560;0 A 4>G5@L<8 2AB@5G0BL 3>A?>4, 0 <5=O A A;C60=:>N 2KB>;:0;8 2 3>AB8==K5 :><=0BK AB5@5BL ?K;L, 2K<5AB8 =0A:>@> ?>;K 8 >G8AB8BL A> AB>;0 A;54K C3>I5=8O, :>B>@>5 4020; >2H0 <038AB@0BA:8< G8=>2=8:0< B>3> 65 CB@0, 8<5O :0:>5-B> 45;> > _?>4<5=5 70;>65==KE 25I59_. 420 <K CA?5;8 C?@028BLAO, :0: ?CB5H5AB25==8:8 2>H;8 2 :><=0BC. / >AB0=>28;AO C 425@59, GB>1 ?>A<>B@5BL =0 =8E. !?5@20 2>H5; =51>;LH>9, ACE>I02K9, 1;54=K9 <C6G8=0, 70:CB0==K9 2 HC1C. ;070 53> A25@:0;8, :0: C ;8A8FK; >= >4=8< 273;O4>< >A<>B@5;AO :@C3>< 8, ?5@5H54 2 4@C3CN :><=0BC, B>BG0A =0G0; @074520BLAO. 0 =8< A;54>20;8 420 <0;LG8:0 8 425 452>G:8, >B 10 4> 14 ;5B, >:CB0==K5 8 >12O70==K5 :0: C;8B:8. !0<0 3>A?>60, B0:65 EC4>I020O, A 7;>1=K<8 273;O40<8, <54;5==> 42830;0AL, :0: 6010. 0 =5N H5; ?@8G5B A;C60=>:, =O=NH5: 8 ;0:552, A C75;:0<8 8 :>@>1>G:0<8. 5@2K< ?@825BAB285<, :>B>@>5 3>A?>60 A45;0;0 <=5 8 A;C60=:5 4><0, 1K;8 A;>20: ">H;8 2>= >BAN40, B20@8!" K, >B25A82 ?> ?>:;>=C 70 MBC 256;82>ABL, 2KH;8 8, 70 425@L<8, >B?;0B8;8 59 B>N 65 <>=5B>9.  >1I59 8715 C7=0; O, GB> ?CB5H5AB25==8:8 5E0;8 =0 =05<=KE ;>H04OE, 2 >A:2C, 87 3C15@=88, 345 MB>B 3>A?>48=, ?> D0<8;88 !:>B8=:>, 1K; ?@>:C@>@><. >40;8 A25G8, =0AB028;8 A0<>20@, 8 ?>20@ 3-=0 !:>B8=:8 =0G0; 20@8BL C68=, 0 A0< 3>A?>48= ?>B@51>20; : A515 >2HC, 4;O @073>2>@>2 8 @0AA?@>A>2 > =>2>ABOE. '0A0 G5@57 420, :>340 C65 1K;> B5<=>, ?>4J5E0;0 : =0H5<C :@K;LFC :818B:0, >1BO=CB0O @>3>65N 8 70?@O65==0O ?0@>N ;>H0459. %>7O520 =5 15A?>:>8;8AL 2AB@5G0BL 3>ABO. >H5; 3>A?>48=, 2KA>:>3> @>AB0, B>;ABK9 8 @C<O=K9, 8, C7=02, GB> ;CGH85 :><=0BK C65 70=OBK, ?><5AB8;AO 2 =51>;LH>9 :0<>@:5, 345 68; .45;L, AK= E>7O8=0. 5AL 10306 MB>3> 3>A?>48=0 A>AB>O; 87 =51>;LH>3> :>60=>3> G5<>40=0 8 :>60=>9 ?>4CH:8, :>B>@K5 2=5A ?>4 <KH:>N ;0:59 53>, >45BK9 2 =03>;L=K9 BC;C?. 7=>H5==0O HC10 A0<>3> 3>A?>48=0 >1=0@C6820;0 B09=C :>60=>3> G5<>40=0.  8D:0 ?>?>BG520;0 2>4:>N ;0:5O 8 C7=0;0, GB> 3>A?>48= 53> =07K205BAO ;CBO3>28G 8 545B 87 5B5@1C@30 70=OBL <5AB> ?@>:C@>@0, 8<5==> 2 B>< 3>@>45, >B:C40 2K5E0; 3. !:>B8=:>. 038AB@0BA:89 ?8A5F, :>B>@K9 2 MB> 2@5<O AB>O; 2>7;5 1CD5B0 8 ?>?820; A;04:CN 2>4:C, ;C:02> C;K1=C;AO 8 A:070;: ">B 2AB@5G0 :>@HC=>2!" . ;CBO3>28G, C7=02, GB> 2 4><5 =0E>48BAO 53> ?@54<5AB=8:, B>BG0A ?>H5; : =5<C ?>7=0:><8BLAO. =8, 284=>, ?@8H;8 ?> =@02C >48= 4@C3><C, ?>B><C GB> !:>B8=:> ?@83;0A8; ;CBO3>28G0 : C68=C, 8 >=8 F5;K9 25G5@ ?@>25;8 2 @073>2>@0E. 564C B5< ;0:59 ;CBO3>28G0, ?>C68=02 :CA:>< G5@AB2>3> E;510 8 :20A><, 70:C@8; B@C1:C 8 ?><5AB8;AO 2>7;5 >G030, ?@8 :>B>@>< A;C38 3-=0 !:>B8=:8 >G8I0;8 87 :0AB@N;L >AB0B:8 2:CA=>3> 10@A:>3> C68=0, HCB8;8 <564C A>1>N 8 3>@4> ?>3;O4K20;8 =0 ;0:5O ;CBO3>28G0. >340 65 >=8 C7=0;8, GB> ;CBO3>28G 545B 70=OBL <5AB> 8E 3>A?>48=0, B> A<O3G8;8AL 8 ?>?>BG520;8 154=O:0 2>4:>N. - 0: B51O 7>2CB, 75<;O:? - A?@>A8; C =53> :0<5@48=5@ !:>B8=:8. - $0@0D>=B><, - >B25G0; A;C30 ;CBO3>28G0. - !<>B@8 65, $0@0D>=B, - ?@8<>;28; :0<5@48=5@, - 45@68 CE> 2>AB@>, 0 B515 1C45B 25G=0O <0A;5=8F0. 5 O:H09AO A ?@>A8B5;O<8 8 =5 2?CA:09 =8:>3> 40@>< 2 425@8, 0 ?>18@09 70 2E>4 : 10@8=C, :0: 70 2E>4 2 A>10GLN :><548N. '53> 8E 60;5BL! - / @04 1K 1@0BL, 40 AB0=CB ;8 4020BL? - 2>7@078; $0@0D>=B. - 04CB, :0: ?@86<5HL, - >B25G0; :0<5@48=5@. - 0CG8AL B25@4> >B25G0BL: 4><0 =5B, 70=OB, =574>@>2, =5 ?@8=8<05B, 872>;8B ?>G820BL!  :>340 A?@>AOB, :>340 <>6=> ?@89B8, =5;L7O ;8 ?>4>640BL, =5;L7O ;8 4>;>68BL - A:068: 2A5 =0 A25B5 <>6=>, B>;L:> >AB>@>6=>. "CB 2A5 A;C68B5;8 !:>B8=:8 3@><:> 70E>E>B0;8. $0@0-D>=B A:070;: - C, 0 :0: AB0=CB ?@8E>48BL 3>A?>40, :>B>@KE 10@8= 25;8B ?CA:0BL : A515, 157 4>:;04C? #6 A =8E-B> 27OB:8 3;04:8. - CAB>5, - >B25G0; :0<5@48=5@, - A =8E 27OB:8 A;04:8. ;0=O9AO, >B?8@09 425@8, ?@>2>609 A> A25G>9 8 ?>74@02;O9 A ?@074=8:><. E, 1@0B $0@0D>=B, ?@82>;L=>5 68BL5 C 10@8=0 ?@>:C@>@0, 0 C 3C15@=0B>@0 - @09, 2A53> G5@57 :@09! >?;0:0;8 <K, 2K5760O 87 3>@>40. 5254><>, GB> 1C45B, 0 1K;> E>@>H>.  C 20A, 2 5B5@1C@35, :0:>2>-B> 68BL5 ;0:5O< G8=>2=8:>2? - 0:>2> <5AB>, 1@0B, - >B25G0; $0@0D>=B. - ABL =0H0 1@0BLO, GB> I53>;ONB; 5ABL, GB> :C;0:>< A;57K CB8@0NB. >9 10@8= 1K; B>;L:> AB>;>=0G0;L=8:>< - =5206=0O A?8F0 2 :>;5A=8F5. = 8 A0< @04 1K; A>@20BL :>?59:C A ?@02>3> 8 A 28=>20B>3>, 40 =5 2A5340 C4020;>AL. ">;L:>, 1K20;>, 8 ?>;CG05HL =0 2>4:C, :0: 10@8= ?>H;5B A :>?85N : ?@>A8B5;N 8;8 5A;8 5ABL :0:>5 45;> =0 4><C, 2 @01>B5, 8 ?@>A8B5;L 7025@=5B : =0< ?>B>;:>20BL. 0 2A5 MB> ?CABO:8: 254L >B AB0@H8E >AB0NBAO <0;K5 :@>E8. - C 2>B B5?5@L B2>9 10@8= 1C45B A0< 1>;LH>9, - ?@8<>;28; :0<5@48=5@. - E, $0@0D>=BCH:0, $0@0D>=BCH:0, 4>@>3> 1K O 40;, GB>1 ?><5=OBLAO <5AB>< A B>1>N!.. > 2>B 10@8= :;8G5B, ?@>I09. / 2> 2A5 MB> 2@5<O 3@5;AO C >3=O 8, A;CH0O MB8 @073>2>@K, 70284>20; CG0AB8 4@C38E A;C3.  0AAC482, GB> 684 =5 8<55B =04> <=>N =8:0:>3> ?@020, O @5H8;AO ?@>A8BL >4=>3> 87 ?@>6820NI8E 3>A?>4 27OBL <5=O A A>1>N. ;CBO3>28G, 2>72@0BOAL 2 A2>N :0<>@:C, ?>B@51>20; : A515 >2HC, :>B>@K9, C7=02, GB> >= 70=8<05B 206=>5 <5AB> 2 3C15@=88, C65 ?5@5<5=8; A =8< >1E>645=85, 15A?@5AB0==> :;0=O;AO 8 8728=O;AO ?5@54 =>2K< ?@>:C@>@><, GB> C =53> =5B ;CGH59 4;O =53> :><=0BK, 8 ?@54;030; 5<C 15745=56=> 2A5, GB> C3>4=> 8 GB> 5ABL 2 4><5. ;CBO3>28G A5; =0 A2>N ?>AB5;L, 70:C@8; 1>;LHCN 45@52O==CN B@C1:C 8 =0G0; @0AA?@0H820BL 6840. / 1K; 70 ?5@53>@>4:>N 8, A<>B@O 2 I5;L, A;CH0; 25AL 8E @073>2>@. - >A;CH09, >2H0, 3>2>@8 A> <=>N >B:@>25==>; 0 O, <>65B 1KBL, ?@83>6CAL B515. 84 A=O; 5@<>;:C 8 ?>:;>=8;AO. ;CBO3>28G ?@>4>;60;: - >B O 54C 70=OBL <5AB> 3<>A?>48>=0 !:>B8=:8, :>B>@K9, :0: >= 3>2>@8B, >BAB02;5= 70 =0?@0A;8=C, ?> 8=B@830< 7;>=0<5@5==KE ;N459, 70 =5C<KB=>5, AB@>3>5 8A?>;=5=85 A2>59 4>;6=>AB8. 84 ;C:02> C;K1=C;AO 8 :82=C; 3>;>2>N. ;CBO3>28G ?@>4>;60;: - <>A?>48=> !:>B8=:> =0AB@0I0; <5=O, GB> <5AB> ?@5?;>E>5, GB> =5B =8:0:8E 4>E>4>2, :@><5 60;>20=LO... "CB 684 ?@5@20; @5GL 3-=0 ;CBO3>28G0 8 3@><:> 2>A:;8:=C;: - 5@H-BC! 70;>20=LO! , 259 <8@! ;CBO3>28G ?@>4>;60;: - <>A?>48=> !:>B8=:> 3>2>@8B, GB> >= ?@>68;AO =0 A2>5< <5AB5, 8AB@0B8; 2A5, GB> 8<5; >BF>2A:>3> 8 65=8=>3>, 8 A >AB0B:0<8 @0AAB@>5==>3> A>AB>O=8O 1568B, C=>AO A A>1>N >4=> C2065=85 G5AB=KE ;N459 8 A?>:>9AB285 A>25AB8. @8 A8E A;>20E 684 3@><:> 70E>E>B0; 8 B0: 4>;3> A<5O;AO, 27O2H8AL 70 1>:0, GB> ;CBO3>28G 4>;65= 1K; C=8<0BL 53>. - 5@H-BC! - A:070; 684. - <>A?>48=> !:>B8=:> 3>2>@8B > A>25AB8!  345 >= A =5N 2AB@5B8;AO: =5 =0 4>@>35 ;8? >A;5 MB>3> =04>1=> >7840BL, FB> 2>;:8 AB0=CB AB5@5F >25F, 784:8 ?>94CB A?0A0BLAO 2 <>=0ABK@L, 0 ?><5AF8:8 70?@5BOB <C78F:0< =0?820BLAO 2>4:>N. / 20< A:07C, AC40@L, 20A5 1;03>@>485, FB> O 7=0; 5AF5 3-=C !:>B8=:C, :>340 >B5F 53> 1K; :>752=8:><, AK@><OB=8:><, 0 >= - ?8A0@8A:>N, 1530; 1>A8:>< ?> C;8F0< 8 :@0; C 784:>2 10@0=:8 8 :@5=45;8. = 87 <5AF0= B>3> 3>@>40, 345 O @>48;AO. "5?5@L 3<>A?>48=> !:>B8=:> 1>30B, :0: A0< F>@B. # =53> 5ABL 8 42878<>5 8 =542878<>5 8<5=85, 8 7>;>B> 8 A5@51@>, 0 45=53 B0:0O :CF0, FB> >=, 25@=>, 8E 8 A>AF8B0BL =5 C<55B. = 8 2 F8=0E 8 2 >@45=0E!  259, > 259! <>A?>48=> !:>B8=:> B0: =0A>A0;AO =0 A2>5< <5AB5, FB> =8 >4=0 5AF5 ?@8:07=0O ?8O28F0 =5 1K;0 B0: 78@=0! - "CB 684 >?><=8;AO, GB> 3>2>@8B A :0=4840B>< 2 ?8O28FK, 8 ?@8<>;28;: - 728=8B5, AC40@L, 20A5 2KA>:>1;03>@>485, => B0:>3> <0AB5@0, :0: !:>B8=:>, =5 1K20;> C =0A, 8 53> A>25ABL :0: =52>4: F8AB0O 2>48F0 ?@>E>48B F@57 =53>, 0 @K1:8 2O7=CB. 5AB> 53> - @C4=8: A 3>B>2K<8 F5@2>=F0<8. 5 25@LB5 5<C =8 A;>20: 3<>A?>48=> !:>B8=:> 8 B>340 ;75B, :>340 3>2>@8B ?@024C, B> 5ABL >= 8 ?@024C 3>2>@8B 4;O >1<0=0. AF5 @07 A:07C 20<: !:>B8=:> 1K; 3>;, :0: A>:>;, 8 ?> @07=K< 3C15@=8O< =0A>25B=8F0; 8 ?0?@>:C@>@8; A515 B0:>5 1>30BAB2>, FB> E>BO ?>E>7 A 284C =0 ACH5=CN OAF5@8FC, => ?CH8AB, :0: A818@A:89 725@L. - 0G5< 65 >= B0: A:@K205BAO ?5@54> <=>N? - A?@>A8; ;CBO3>28G. - = E>F5B B5?5@L A;KBL F5AB=K<, ?> >1KG0N 2A5E =0782-H8EAO 27OB>G=8:>2... 8728=8B5... 3>A?>4... - >B25G0; 684. - 0;L, - A:070; ;CBO3>28G, - <=5 1K E>B5;>AL ?>CG8BLAO :>5-G5<C, B> 5ABL A;C615 - ?>=8<05HL? - 0: =5 ?>=8<0BL, - 2>7@078; >2H0. - > 4;O MB>3> =5 =04>1=> CF8B5;59. 0: ?@8545B5 2 3>@>4, 2>7L<8B5 : A515 2 D0:B>@K 784:0 =0H53>, F:C, :>B>@K9 1K; 2 MB>9 75 4>;7=>AB8 C 3<>A?>48>=0 !:>B8=:8: >= 20< 2> 2A5< ?><>75B, AB0=5B >BKA:820BL ?@>A8B5;59, C3>20@820BLAO A C574=K<8 F8=>2=8:0<8 8 1@0BL 4;O 20A 45=L38 2709<K.  07C<55BAO, 157 25:A5;O 8 @>A?8A:8. / 20< 40< ?8AL<0 : <>8< @>4AB25==8:0< 8 : F:5: ?>;>78B5AL 2> 2A5< =0 =8E, >=8 =5 87<5=OB 20<, - B>;L:> ?><>309B5 2 =0H8E 784>2A:8E 45;8H:0E. - 72>;L, - A:070; ;CBO3>28G, - O 1C4C 20H; ?@83>B>2L 2A5 : 702B@5<C, 0 ?>:0 - ?@>I09. >2H0 2KH5;, 0 70 =8< 8 O 2K;57 87-70 ?5@53>@>4:8. 0 4@C3>9 45=L 3. ;CBO3>28G 2K5E0; 25AL<0 @0=>, 0 !:>B8=:> >AB0;AO, ?> ?@8G8=5 =574>@>2LO. 48= B>@>?8;AO, GB>1 =5 ?>B5@OBL =8 >4=>3> 4=O 4;O =0682K; 4@C3><C C65 =5 : G5<C 1K;> ?>A?5H0BL: >= 4>AB83 A2>59 F5;8. 5B8 3-=0 !:>B8=:8, <0;LG8:8, AB0;8 83@0BL ?>4 =025A><, 8 :0: O ?@82K: : 701020< 3>A?>4A:8E 45B59 2 4><5 >;>3>@4>2A:>3>, B> =0 4>AC35 2<5H0;AO 2 8E 83@C, ?><>3 8< 70?@OGL 2 A0;07:8 :>7;0, CAB@>8; :0G5;8 87 2>6659 8 25A5;> ?5@5=>A8; B>;G:8 8 =5?@8OB=>ABL 83@K 2 A=56:8, 2 :>B>@>9 O >48= A;C68; F5;LN.  8D:0 >B>720;0 <5=O >B 70102K : @01>B5, => AK=>2LO 3-=0 !:>B8=:8 C?@>A8;8 >BF0, GB>1 >= 25;5; <=5 83@0BL A =8<8, 8 684>2:0 4>;6=0 1K;0 =0 MB> A>3;0A8BLAO. %>BO O 1K; <>;>65 45B59 !:>B8=:8, => 3>@074> 8E C<=55 8 ?>B><C B>BG0A 2>A?>;L7>20;AO 8E A:;>==>ABLN :> <=5 8 ;53:> C1548; 8E C?@>A8BL @>48B5;59 A2>8E 27OBL <5=O A A>1>N. >A;5 >1540 3. !:>B8=:> ?>720; <5=O : A515. - > :0:><C A;CG0N =0E>48HLAO BK 2 A;C615 C 6840? - A?@>A8; C <5=O 3. !:>B8=:>. / @0AA:070; 5<C 8AB>@8N 65=8BL1K 8;>2848=0 8 >BJ574 53> 2 >A:2C 8, C?02 : =>30< 53>, ?@>A8; 871028BL <5=O >B 684>2, >15I0O A;C68BL 5<C 25@=> 2AN 687=L. . !:>B8=:> ?>A<>B@5; =0 65=C A2>N, 8 >=0 ?@>87=5A;0 ?@83>2>@ 2 <>N ?>;L7C. !:>B8=:> B>BG0A ?>720; >2HC. - > :0:><C ?@02C 45@68HL BK MB>3> <0;LG8:0? - A:070; >= 3@>7=>. >2H0 B@8 @070 708:=C;AO, ?@5645 =565;8 2K<>;28; ?5@2>5 A;>2> A2>53> >B25B0. - 0@8= 53>, 3. 8;>2848=, 4>;75= <=5 45=L38 8 >AB028; 2 70;>3 25AF8 A MB8< <0;LF8:><. - 0 @0725 BK A<55HL ?@8=8<0BL 2 70;>3 E@8AB80=A:8E ?>440==KE? - 2>7@078; !:>B8=:>. - =05HL ;8 C:07, ?> :>5<C 70?@5I5=> 52@5O< 8<5BL 2 CA;C65=88 E@8AB80=; 7=05HL ;8 BK C:07 ?@>B82C @>AB>2I8:>2? >:068 <=5 B>BG0A A45;:C, ?> :>B>@>9 BK 45@68HL MB>3> <0;LG8:0? 45 53> ?0A?>@B? 84 8A?C30;AO: - 5@H-BC! - A:070; >= B8E>. >B><, ?>:;>=82H8AL 2 ?>OA, ?@8<>;28;:- # <5=O =5B =8:0:8E 1C<03: O 45;0; A45;:C =0 A;>2>. -  B0: BK 45@68HL C A51O 15A?0A?>@B=KE ;N459, - A:070; 3. !:>B8=:>. - 59! 1C<038 8 G5@=8;; <K B>BG0A A B>1>N ?5@525405<AO. / ?>40< 745AL >1JO2;5=85, 0 2 AB>;8F5 =5 C<54;N ?>40BL ?@>AL1C. 564C B5< <0;LG8:0 O 15@C A A>1>N, ?>4 <>N @0A?8A:C. - 0A5 2KA>:>1;03>@>485, - A:070; 684, - AB>8B ;8 =0< AA>@8BLAO 87 ?CABO:>2. 0< E>F5BAO 27OBL <0;LF8:0: 872>;LB5 1@0BL. / A?>@8BL =5 AB0=C, B>;L:> 409B5 <=5 @>A?8A:C, GB>1 O <>3 >B25G0BL 8;>2848=C, :>340 >= A?@>A8B.  FB>1K 2K =5 872>;8;8 3=520BLAO, O 70 F5;K9 45=L ?>AB>O 8 70 2A5, FB> 2K =01@0;8 2 4><5, =5 2>7L<C =8 :>?59:8, 40 :@><5 B>3> ?>;>7C 2 :0@5BC ?>;4N78=K B0:>3> 25=35@A:>3> 28=F0, :0:>3> =5B =0 AB> <8;L :@C3><. >2>;L=K ;8 2K? - %>@>H>, - A:070; !:>B8=:>, - => 5ABL ;8 C MB>3> <0;LG8:0 B5?;0O >45640? - 5B, => O B>BF0A 2A5 8A?@02;N, 8 : 702B@0A=5<C 4=N 2A5 1C45B 3>B>2>. . !:>B8=:> 2KA;0; =0A 87 :><=0BK 8 25;5; <=5 ?@83>B>2;OBLAO 2 4>@>3C. - @>:;OBK9 @071>9=8:! - 2>A:;8:=C; >2H0, 2AB@5B82  8D:C. - -B>B E0?C= 15@5B =0H53> 0=L:C. -  8D:0 A8;L=> @0AA5@48;0AL, => >2H0 A:070; 59 GB>-B> ?>-52@59A:8, 8 >=0 CA?>:>8;0AL 8 4065 ?>3;048;0 <5=O. >2H0 ?>25; <5=O =025@E 2 A2>N :><=0BC, A5; 2 :@5A;0 8 A:070;: - 0=L:0! BK <0;K9 4>1@K9, 8 25@=>, 1C45HL ?><=8BL 4>1@>, :>B>@>5 <K B515 45;0;8? - 0:>5 4>1@>? - A?@>A8; O. - 0:, @0725 <K =5 ?>8;8, =5 :>@<8;8, =5 >4520;8 B51O? -  @0725 O =5 @01>B0; A CB@0 4> =>G8? - 5@H-BC! 254L 2AO:><C =04>1=> @01>B0BL. > A:078, =5C75;8 B515 1K;> EC4> C =0A? - 5 >G5=L E>@>H>, - >B25G0; O ?>?@>ABC. - =>3> 45;0 8 <0;> E;510. - 5 3@5A8, 0=L:0! B515 <>3;> 1KBL EC75 C 4@C3>3>. "51O, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, =5 18;8, 0 C 4@C38E 3>A?>4 8 @01>B0BL 70AB02;ONB, 8 =5 :>@<OB, 8 1LNB, 8 ?;0:0BL =5 25;OB. - 5G53> 3>2>@8BL - 18BLO =5 1K;>, - A:070; O. -  B0: BK 4>;75= 1KBL =0< 1;03>40@5=: 2>B B515 F5;0O ?>;B8=0 70 A;C71C: 8 5A;8 1 B51O :B> AB0; A?@0A820BL >1 =0A, 3>2>@8, FB> BK =8F53> 4C@=>3> =5 2840; 8 =5 A;KE0; 2 4><5 8 FB> <K ;N48 154=K5, 2A5340 =C7405<AO 2 45=L30E. -  G5@2>=FK-B>. - 0:85 F5@2>=FK? "K A C<0 A>H5;, BK =8:>340 =5 2840; C =0A F5@2>=F52. - CABL B0:! - 2>7@078; O, GB>1 B>;L:> >B45;0BLAO >B 6840. - "K A0< 2840;, :0: <K ;N18< E@8AB80= 8 ?><>305< 8<: 405< 2 4>;3 2>4:C 8 E;51 <C78:0< 8 ?>405< <8;>ABK=N =8AF8<. - !CE>9 E;51, :>B>@K9 1@>A0NB =0 :>@< A:>B8=5, 5A;8 =5 O28BAO =8I89, ?@8 ;N4OE. - 0=L:0, 0=L:0, =5 3@5A8! >B B515 4@C30O _F5;0O_ ?>;B8=0. 5 ?@0240 ;8, FB> <K E>@>A85 ;N48, <8;>A5@4K5 8 =51>30BK5? - / <>;G0;. >2H0 ?>;>68; <=5 45=L38 2 @C:C 8, ?>F5;>202, ?@8<>;28;: - 5 ?@0240 ;8, FB> BK 1C45AL =0A E20;8BL? - C4C, 1C4C! - A:070; O, ?>15602 2=87 : =>2K< <>8< 3>A?>40<. 84 :C?8; <=5 ?>=>H5==K9 BC;C?, H0?:C 8 :5=L38;  8D:0 40;0 =0 4>@>3C F5;CN A2O7:C 10@0=>:, :>B>@K5 >BG0AB8 AJ5;8, 0 >BG0AB8 @>740;8 A>10:0< AK=:8 3-=0 !:>B8=:8, ?> ?@02C A2>59 2;0AB8 =04> <=>N. / ?@>25; =>GL 2 A;04>AB=KE <5GB0=8OE > <>5< AB@0=AB288. 045640 2AB@5B8BL 4>1@>3> <>53> 8;>2848=0 @04>20;0 <5=O: O =8G53> 1>;55 =5 65;0; 2 687=8. 0 4@C3>9 45=L CB@>< 2A5 1K;> 3>B>2> : >BJ574C; <=5 25;5=> ?><5AB8BLAO A7048 :0@5BK, 2<5AB5 A :0<5@48=5@><, 8 <K >B?@028;8AL 2 ?CBL.  IX '// !" '.   ). ""#(.  !" 57 2AO:8E ?@8:;NG5=89 ?@81K;8 <K 2 >A:2C. 20@B8@0 1K;0 C65 =0=OB0 8 <51;8@>20=0 42>@5F:8< 3-=0 !:>B8=:8, ?>A;0==K< =5A:>;L:8<8 <5AOF0<8 2?5@54. # 3-=0 !:>B8=:8 1K;> 2 >A:25 <=>3> 7=0:><KE <564C G8=>2=8:0<8, :>B>@K5 A>18@0;8AL C =53> A A2>8<8 65=0<8, @07 2 =545;N, >1540BL, 8 420 @070 =0 25G5@ 83@0BL 2 :0@BK. . !:>B8=:>, A:>@5 ?>A;5 A2>53> ?@85740, ?@8=O; D@0=FC70 2 3C25@=5@K : A2>8< AK=>2LO< 8 D@0=FC65=:C : 4>G5@O<. @><5 B>3>, 5654=52=> E>48;8 2 4>< CG8B5;O, 4;O ?@5?>4020=8O 8< C@>:>2. / ?@8AB02;5= 1K; 2 CA;C65=85 : AK=>2LO<, 4>;65= 1K; A>45@60BL 2 G8AB>B5 CG51=CN :><=0BC 8 =0E>48BLAO ?@8 C@>:0E, 4;O 8A?>;=5=8O @07=KE ?@8:070=89 CG8B5;59 8 <>;>4KE 3>A?>4. @><5 B>3>, O A;C68; ?@8 AB>;5 2> 2@5<O >1540 8 8A?>;=O; ?>@CG5=8O A0<>9 3-68 !:>B8=:> ?> @07=K< <03078=0<; B0:65 @07=>A8; ?> 3>@>4C 55 70?8A:8 : ?@8OB5;L=8F0<, E>48; 70 ;5:0@AB2>< 2 0?B5:C 8, :@><5 B>3>, :>@<8; ?B8F 8 A>10G>=>:, 4> :>B>@KE 10@K=O 1K;0 >E>B=8F0. / 1K;, :0: 3>2>@8BAO, :><=0B=K< <0;LG8:><. 5=O >4520;8 ?>-:070F:8 8 =07K20;8 _:070G:><_. 40@5==K9 >B ?@8@>4K AG0AB;82>N ?0<OBLN 8 ?5@58<G82>ABLN, O 2 =5A:>;L:> <5AOF52 =0CG8;AO C =0H53> ?>20@0 @CAA:>9 3@0<>B5 8 ?5@2K< G5BK@5< ?@028;0< 0@8D<5B8:8, 0 ?@8ACBAB2CO ?@8 C@>:0E 3>A?>4A:8E AK=>259, O 2 ?>;3>40 70B25@48; =087CABL <=>65AB2> D@0=FC7A:8E 8 =5<5F:8E A;>2 8 =5A:>;L:> >7=0:><8;AO A 35>3@0D8G5A:8<8 8 8AB>@8G5A:8<8 8<5=0<8. #G8B5;O, ?@8<5B82 <>N ?>=OB;82>ABL 8 ;N1>?KBAB2>, A?@0H820;8 <5=O 8=>340, 4;O A2>59 70102K, > B><, GB> O 70?><=8; 87 A;KH0==KE C@>:>2, 8 >1JOA=O;8 <=5, G53> O =5 ?>=8<0;. "0:8< >1@07>< O A45;0;AO _CG5=K<_ - <564C ;0:5O<8. / 1K; 4>2>;5= <>8< A>AB>O=85<, A@02=820O 53> A <>8< ?>;>65=85< C 6840, 8 E>BO ;N459, 2>>1I5, 2 4><5 3-=0 !:>B8=:8 A>45@60;8 8 :>@<8;8 25AL<0 4C@=>, 1>;55 >B =51@565=8O, =565;8 >B A:C?>AB8; => O 8<5; A2>8 ?@58<CI5AB20, 2>7=03@06402H85 <5=O 70 4@C385 =54>AB0B:8. / ?>;L7>20;AO >AB0B:0<8 702B@0:>2 8 C68=>2 45BA:8E; <=5 40@8;8 45=L38 =0 ?@O=8:8 2 <>4=KE <03078=0E, 2 0?B5:5 8 2 4@C38E <5AB0E, :C40 O E>48; 70 45;0<8 10@K=8; A25@E B>3>, O 7025; 83@C 2 >@;O=:C A A>A54=8<8 <0;LG8:0<8 8 D>@59B>@0<8 8, >BG0AB8 AG0AB85<, >BG0AB8 8A:CAAB2><, 2A5340 ?>GB8 2K83@K20;. / 4065 CA?5; A>AB028BL A515 =51>;LH>9 :0?8B0;, :>B>@>3> <=5 1K;> 4>AB0B>G=> =0 ;0:><AB2> 8 =0 CB>;5=85 3>;>40, 2 A;CG05 =C64K. "0:8< >1@07>< O ?@>68; 2 4><5 3-=0 !:>B8=:8, 2 >A:25, ?>;B>@0 3>40, =5 701>BOAL > 1C4CI5< 8 =5 ?@54CA<0B@820O =8:0:>3> C;CGH5=8O A2>59 CG0AB8. !0<K5 ;5AB=K5 <>8 =04564K A>AB>O;8 2 B><, GB>1K A> 2@5<5=5< 70=OBL, ?@8 >4=>< 87 3>A?>4A:8E AK=>259, <5AB> :0<5@48=5@0 8;8 2>72@0B8BLAO : ?@56=5<C <>5<C 3>A?>48=C, 8;>2848=C, :>B>@>3> ;0A:>2>ABL 8 4>1@>4CH85 =02A5340 =0?5G0B;5;8AL 2 <>5< A5@4F5 8 ?0<OB8. !C4L10 CAB@>8;0 8=0G5. 4=064K O 4>6840;AO 2 <>4=>< <03078=5 >:>=G0=8O :0:>9-B> @01>BK 4;O <>59 10@K=8. 4@C3 2>H;0 2 <03078= 3>A?>60, >45B0O 25;8:>;5?=>, 8 =0G0;0 ?5@518@0BL @07=K5 25I8. 73;O=C2 =5G0O==> =0 <5=O, >=0 >AB0=>28;0AL 8 A<>B@5;0 ?@8AB0;L=>, A :0:8<-B> >A>15==K< CG0AB85<. =0 E>B5;0 ?@8=OBLAO A=>20 70 @0AA<0B@820=85 B>20@>2, =>, :0: 1K ?> =52>;L=><C 2;5G5=8N, 27>@K 55 15A?@5AB0==> CAB@5<;O;8AL =0 <5=O. 0:>=5F >=0 =5 <>3;0 ?>1548BL A2>53> 2=CB@5==53> GC2AB20 8 ?>4>H;0 :> <=5. - '59 BK <0;LG8:, 4CH5=L:0? - A:070;0 10@K=O ;0A:>2>, ?>3;0482 <5=O ?> I5:5. - / 8 A0< =5 7=0N, - >B25G0; O. - "5?5@L A;C6C C 3<>A?>48>=0 !:>B8=:8. - B> MB>B 3<>A?>48>= !:>B8=:>? - >30BK9 10@8=; >= ?@85E0; 2 >A:2C =0 68BL5, 3>40 ?>;B>@0 B><C =0704, 8 O ?@8AB0; : =5<C =0 A;C61C, 2 4>@>35. - B0:, BK 2>;L=K9, 0 =5 :@5?>AB=>9? - /, ?@02>, =5 7=0N, G59 O; O 2K@>A 2 5;>@CAA88, 2 4><5 3<>A?>48>=0 >;>3>@4>2A:>3>... @8 A8E A;>20E 10@K=O ?@5@20;0 <>9 @0AA:07, ?>A?5H=> 2KH;0 87 <03078=0 8 25;5;0 <=5 70 A>1>N A;54>20BL. =0 >B>A;0;0 : :0@5B5 A2>53> ;0:5O, 4>68402H53>AO =0 ;5AB=8F5, 8 ?@>4>;60;0 A> <=>N @073>2>@. - 0: B51O 7>2CB? - 20=><. -  A:>;L:> B515 ;5B? - 5 7=0N. - "K 3>2>@8HL, GB> 2K@>A 2 4><5 3<>A?>48>=0 >;>3>@4>2A:>3>, - A:070;0 10@K=O. - B> 6 B2>8 @>48B5;8? - 5 7=0N, O A8@>B0. - > 2A5 MB> 2@5<O O A<>B@5; 2 ;8F> 10@K=5 8 ?@8<5B8;, GB> >=0 ?>:@0A=5;0 8 3;070 55 =0?>;=8;8AL A;570<8. - 20=><, - A:070;0 >=0 B8E8< 3>;>A><. >B><, ?><>;G02, ?@8<>;28;0: - 0=NH0! =5B ;8 C B51O :0:>3> 7=0:0 =0 ;52>< ?;5G5? -  ?>G5<C 2K 7=05B5, 10@K=O GB> <5=O 1>;LH>9 @C15F =0 ?;5G5? @8 A8E A;>20E 3>A?>60 70:@K;0 ?;0B:>< 3;070 8 =5A:>;L:> 2@5<5=8 <>;G0;0. 0:>=5F >=0 ?>F5;>20;0 <5=O 2 ;8F>, A?@>A8;0 > <5AB5 68B5;LAB20 3<>A?>48>=0 !:>B8=:8, 40;0 <=5 @C1;L A5@51@>< 8, =5 25;52 =8:><C A:07K20BL > =0H59 2AB@5G5 8 >1 55 @0AA?@>A0E, ?>H;0 : A2>59 :0@5B5, A:0702, GB> <K A:>@> C2848<AO. / ?@>2>48; 4>1@CN 3>A?>6C 3;070<8 4> :0@5BK 8 2>72@0B8;AO 2 <03078=. 0: O 1K; ?@83>6 ;8F>< 2 45BAB25, B> <5=O G0AB> ;0A:0;8 =57=0:><K5 ;N48, >A>15==> 65=I8=K, 4065 >AB0=02;820O =0 C;8F0E; => =8 >4=> ?>4>1=>5 ?@8:;NG5=85 =5 ?@>872>48;> 2> <=5 B0:>3> A8;L=>3> 2?5G0B;5=8O :0: MB0 2AB@5G0. !5@4F5 <>5 A8;L=> 18;>AL: ?@5:@0A=>5 ;8F> 3>A?>68 8 55 G5@=K5 3;070 15A?@5AB0==> ?@54AB02;O;8AL <>5<C 2>>1@065=8N; 55 =56=K9 3>;>A @074020;AO 2 CH0E <>8E. / ?5G0;L=> 2>72@0B8;AO 4><>9. AN =>GL <=5 A=8;0AL 4>1@0O 3>A?>60; O =5A:>;L:> @07 ?@>AK?0;AO 8 ?@8=8<0;AO ?;0:0BL A 3>@O 8 4>A04K, GB> =5 ?>?0; : B0:8< ;0A:>2K< 3>A?>40<. =5 E>B5;>AL A;C68BL C MB>9 4>1@>9, ;0A:>2>9 3>A?>68!  4@C38E GC2AB20E O =5 8<5; ?>=OB8O. 0 4@C3>9 45=L, 2 12 G0A>2 CB@0, ?>4J5E0;0 : =0H8< 2>@>B0< :0@5B0, 2 H5ABL ;>H0459, FC3><, A B@5<O ;82@59=K<8 ;0:5O<8. 48= 87 ;0:552 2>H5; 2 ?5@54=NN 8 ?@>A8; 4>;>68BL 3-=C !:>B8=:5, GB> :=O7L '20=>2 65;05B 3>2>@8BL A =8< ?> 25AL<0 206=><C 45;C. . !:>B8=:>, A8452H89 2 E0;0B5, B>BG0A =045; D@0:, 25;5; ?@>A8BL :=O7O 8 >6840; 53> 2 ?5@54=59. =O7L 8<5; >B @>4C ;5B A5<L45AOB; ;8F> 53> C:@0H5=> 1K;> <>@I8=0<8 8 :@0A=K<8 ?OB=0<8; ;KA0O 3>;>20 1K;0 ?>:@KB0 B5AB>< 87 ?C4@K A ?><04>N; >AB0B:8 A54KE 2>;>A A18BK 1K;8 2 ?C:;8 8 A2O70=K 2 :>AC. = 5420 ?5@542830; =>38, 8 ;0:58 25;8 53> ?>4 @C:8 A B0:>N >AB>@>6=>ABLN, :0: 1C4B> >= 1K; AB5:;O==K9 8 <>3 @0718BLAO 2 :CA:8 >B <0;59H53> ?@8:>A=>25=8O. . !:>B8=:> ?@8=O; :=O7O A =87:8<8 ?>:;>=0<8 8 ?@>2>48; 2 3>AB8=CN; => :=O7L 65;0; ?5@53>2>@8BL A =8< =0548=5, 8 >=8 ?5@5H;8 2 :018=5B, 345 >AB020;8AL >:>;> G0A0. 0:>=5F 3. !:>B8=:> 2K3;O=C; 87 :018=5B0 8 :;8:=C; <5=O. / 4C<0;, GB> <=5 25;OB ?>40BL GB>-=81C4L, => :0: O C4828;AO, :>340 3. !:>B8=:>, C:0702 =0 <5=O, A:070;: - >B >=, - 0 :=O7L AB0; 3;048BL <5=O ?> 3>;>25 8 B@5?0BL ?> I5:0<, ?@83>20@820O GB>-B> =0 8=>AB@0==>< O7K:5. - 0=L:0, - A:070; <=5 3. !:>B8=:>, - ?>57609 A59G0A A 53> A8OB5;LAB2><. / 1>;55 =5 8<5N =04 B>1>N ?@020: 2>B B2>9 1;03>45B5;L. / B0: 1K; 87C<;5= A8<8 A;>20<8, GB> =8G53> =5 >B25G0; 8 AB>O; =5?>4286=>. =O7L 2AB0;, ?>60; @C:C 3-=C !:>B8=:5 8 ?>B0I8;AO : 425@O<, >?8@0OAL =0 <>5 ?;5G>.  ?5@54=59 3. !:>B8=:> A:070; <=5: - C, ?@>I09, 0=O; BK C65 1>;LH5 =5 <>9 A;C30: ABC?09 70 53> A8OB5;LAB2><. 0<5@48=5@ ?>40; <=5 H0?:C, 8 O 2KH5; 70 :=O75< =0 C;8FC. / ?>GB8 8A?C30;AO, :>340 :=O7L 25;5; <=5 A5ABL 2 :0@5BC @O4>< A A>1>N. / 1K; 2 B0:>< 70<5H0B5;LAB25, GB> =5 A<5; ?>4=OBL 3;070 8 ?5@525ABL 4KE0=8O. > AG0ABLN, :=O7L <>;G0; 2> 2AN 4>@>3C 8 4@5<0;. !5@4F5 <>5 A8;L=> 7018;>AL, :>340 <K >AB0=>28;8AL 2>7;5 25;8:>;5?=>3> 4><0. 58725AB=>ABL CG0AB8 8=>340 EC65 25@=>3> =5AG0AB8O. 8HL B>;L:> <K 2>H;8 2 :><=0BK, 1;5ABOI85 7>;>B><, 1@>=7>N, D0@D>@><, 8A?5I@5==K5 :>2@0<8 8 :0@B8=0<8, :=O7L A5; =0 A>DC 8 25;5; ?>720BL : A515 42>@5F:>3>. / <564C B5< AB>O; C 425@59 8 A<>B@5; =0 2A5 A ;N1>?KBAB2><. >H5; 42>@5F:89. - >7L<8 MB>3> <0;LG8:0, - A:070; :=O7L, - ?>57609 A =8< ?> 2A5< ?>@B=K< 8 H25O<, :C?8 4;O =53> ;CGH53> 15;LO, <>4=>5 ?;0BL5 ?> 53> ;5B0<, >45=L, :0: :C:>;:C, :0: :=O65A:>3> AK=:0, 25;8 ?>@O4>G=> >AB@8GL, 2K<>9 53>, 2KG8AB8 8, =0@O482 :0: <>6=> ;CGH5, >B2578 : 45;0845 5B@>2=5. !;KH8HL ;8? - !;CH0N, 20H5 A8OB5;LAB2>. - 'B>1 2A5 1K;> 3>B>2> : H5AB8 G0A0<: O A0< 1C4C =0 25G5@ : =59. 2>@5F:89 <83=C; <=5, 8 O 2KH5; 70 =8<. 2>@5F:89, 157 40;L=8E @0AA?@>A>2, ?>A048; <5=O A A>1>N =0 872>7G8GL8 4@>6:8 8 ?@8257 : ?>@B=><C. 45AL >= <5=O >AB028;, ?@8:0702 ?>@B=><C 8A?@028BL =5<54;5==> ?>@CG5=85 :=O7O 8 A:0702, GB> >= 70545B 70 <=>N G@57 =5A:>;L:> G0A>2. 5=0 ?>@B=>3> ?>1560;0 A> 42>@0 :C?8BL 4;O <5=O 15;LO. >@B=>9 AKA:0; ?@5:@0A=>5 3>B>2>5 ?;0BL5, :C@B>G:C 8 H0@>20@K 87 :078<8@0, D8>;5B>2>3> F25B0, A 1;5ABOI8<8 ?C3>28F0<8. 0H<0G=8: ?@8=5A 10H<0:8. >;>AK <>8 >AB@865=K 1K;8 2 :@C6>:, ?>-@CAA:8. 0@8:<0E5@ ?@8;048; 8E 8 7028; 2 :C4@8. %>7O9:0 2A:>@5 2>72@0B8;0AL A 15;L5< 8 A 2KH8B>N <0=8H:>9: >=0 A0<0 2K<K;0 <5=O, >45;0 8 =5 <>3;0 C45@60BLAO, GB>1 =5 ?>F5;>20BL <5=O 2 @C<O=K5 I5:8. / ?>GB8 =5 C7=0; A51O, :>340 273;O=C; 2 75@:0;> 8 A 3>@4>ABLN C4>AB>25@8;AO, GB> O :@0A8255 45B59 3-=0 >;>3>@4>2A:>3>, !:>B8=:8 8 2A5E <0;LG8:>2, <=>N 2845==KE 2 4><0E MB8E 3>A?>4. A:>@5 2>72@0B8;AO 42>@5F:89 8 B0:65 87C<8;AO <>5<C ?@52@0I5=8N. K >?OBL A5;8 =0 872>7G8GL8 4@>6:8 8 ?>5E0;8 ?> =07=0G5=8N :=O7O. / =8 > G5< =5 A?@0H820;, 0 B>;L:> ;N1>20;AO A2>8< ?;0BL5<. @85E02 : >4=><C =51>;LH><C, G8AB5=L:><C, 45@52O==><C 4><8:C, <K >AB0=>28;8AL, 8 42>@5F:89 ?>25; <5=O 70 @C:C 2 :><=0BK. 0:59 >B2>@8; 425@8 2 70;C, 8 O GCBL =5 C?0; 2 >1<>@>: >B @04>AB8, :>340 C2845; BC A0<CN 3>A?>6C, :>B>@0O @0AA?@0H820;0 <5=O 2G5@0, 2 <03078=5. >A?>60 B>65 2A:@8:=C;0 >B @04>AB8, 1@>A8;0AL >1=8<0BL 8 F5;>20BL <5=O 8 ?>25;0 2 4@C3CN :><=0BC, >B?CAB82 42>@5F:>3>. >340 <K >AB0;8AL >4=8, 3>A?>60 A5;0 =0 A>D5, ?>A048;0 <5=O 2>7;5 A51O, 25;5;0 A=OBL :C@B>G:C, >A<>B@5;0 7=0: =0 ;52>< ?;5G5 8 ?@8=O;0AL ?;0:0BL. / B0:65 ?;0:0;, 4C<0O, GB> 4>1@>9 3>A?>65 ?@8:;NG8;>AL :0:>5-=81C4L 3>@5. - 0=O, - A:070;0 <=5 >=0. - "K B5?5@L =5 1C45HL 1>;55 A;C3>N. "K <>9 @>4=>9 ?;5<O==8:, AK= A5AB@K <>59. "K 4>;65= =07K20BL <5=O B5BCH:>9 8 =8:><C =5 3>2>@8BL, G5< BK 1K; ?@5645. "5?5@L BK 1C45HL 10@8G5<, B>G=> B0:8< 65, :0: 45B8 >;>3>@4>2A:>3> 8 !:>B8=:8. - ! =5B, B5BCH:0! - A:070; O. - / E>GC 1KBL 3>@074> ;CGH5 8E. =8 >1E>4OBAO 4C@=> A 154=K<8 <0;LG8:0<8 8 A;C30<8, H0;OB, >1<0=K20NB @>48B5;59 8 =5 CG0BAO. <5AB> >B25B0 B5BCH:0 ?>F5;>20;0 <5=O. - 5 E>G5HL ;8 BK G53>-=81C4L, 0=O? - A?@>A8;0 >=0. - / 3>;>45=, B5BCH:0. =0 ?>72>=8;0: O28;0AL A;C60=:0, 8 B5BCH:0 25;5;0 =0:>@<8BL <5=O, A:0702, :B> O B0:>2, 8 ?@8:070;0 >B25ABL <=5 >A>1CN :><=0BC 8 CAB@>8BL 2A5 4;O <>53> ?><5I5=8O. "5BCH:0 <>O, 45;0840 5B@>2=0, 1K;0 65=I8=0 ;5B B@84F0B8, => ?> ;8FC :070;0AL 3>@074> <>;>65. =0 1K;0 :@0A028F0, 2 ?>;=>< 7=0G5=88 MB>3> A;>20. '5@=K5 55 2>;>AK, =56=K5, :0: ?CE, ?@84020;8 15;><C ;8FC >A>1K9 >BB5=>:; A25689 @C<O=5F C:@0H0; 55 I5:8. '5@BK ;8F0 1K;8 ?@028;L=K5 8 >4CH52;O;8AL A;04>AB=>N C;K1:>9 8 2K@065=85< A5@45G=>9 4>1@>BK. '5@=K5 3;070, >A5=5==K5 4;8==K<8 @5A=8F0<8 8 =56=K<8 1@>2O<8, ?@82;5:0;8 : A515 27>@K, :0: <03=8B 65;57>.  >7>2K5, ?>;=K5 CAB0 8 15;K5 7C1K <0=8;8 ?>F5;C9 =0 ?@5;5AB=K9 @>B8:. =0 1K;0 2KA>:>3> @>AB0 8 ?@5:@0A=>9 >A0=:8. 4=8< A;>2><, =0@C6=>ABL B5BCH:8 1K;0 ?@82;5:0B5;L=0O, 0 ;0A:>2>5 8 ?@8OB=>5 55 >1E>645=85 C25;8G820;> 55 :@0A>BC. "5BCH:0 3>2>@8;0 ?>-D@0=FC7A:8 8 ?>-8B0;LO=A:8, 83@0;0 >B;8G=> E>@>H> =0 D>@B5?80=> 8 ?5;0, :0: A>;>259. =0 68;0 >G5=L E>@>H>. 20@B8@0 55 1K;0 4>2>;L=> >1H8@=0 8 ?@5:@0A=> <51;8@>20=0.  CA;C65=88 C =55 1K;8: 420 ;0:5O, 425 A;C60=:8, ?>20@, :CG5@ 8 42>@=8: 4;O G5@=>9 @01>BK. 0 :>=NH=5 1K;0 ?0@0 :@0A82KE ;>H0459.  4><5 =8 2 G5< =5 1K;> =54>AB0B:0.  =59 5748;> <=>3> 3>AB59, => 25AL<0 <0;> 65=I8=, 8 B> =5A:>;L:> 0:B@8A 8 8=>AB@0=>:. AO:CN =545;N 1K; C B5BCH:8 <C7K:0;L=K9 25G5@, =0 :>B>@K9 A>18@0;8AL @07=K5 28@BC>7K 8 7=0B=K5 3>A?>40, ?> 1>;LH59 G0AB8 ;N48 ?>68;K5. N48 A@54=8E ;5B 8 N=>H8 ?@85760;8 B>;L:> A> A2>8<8 @>4AB25==8:0<8, 8 B> 25AL<0 @54:>. @><5 B>3>, B5BCH:0 ?@8=8<0;0 5654=52=> 3>AB59 : G0N, 0 =5:>B>@KE : >154C 8 : C68=C. =O7L '20=>2 ?@85760; 5654=52=> 8 1K; 2 4><5 2@>45 ?0?5=L:8. N48 ?>28=>20;8AL 5<C, :0: A2>5<C 3>A?>48=C, 0 B5BCH:0 A;CH0;0AL 2> 2A5<, E>BO 8=>340 8 =5>E>B=>, :0: O ?@8<5G0; MB>. =>340 :=O7L =0548=5 A?>@8; A B5BCH:>9, :>B>@0O 2A5340 ?;0:0;0 ?@8 B0:>< A;CG05, 0 8=>340 4065 ?040;0 2 >1<>@>:. ">340 :=O7L F5;>20; C =59 @C:8, ?@>A8; ?@>I5=8O, 8 4@C610 A=>20 2>AAB0=>2;O;0AL =0 ?@56=5< >A=>20=88. ">;L:> O 2845; OA=> 8 ?>=8<0;, GB> ?>A5I5=8O :=O7O =5 =@028;8AL B5BCH:5; >=0 2A5340 <>@I8;0AL, :>340 53> :0@5B0 ?>4J5760;0 : :@K;LFC, 8 2A5340 ?@8OB=> C;K10;0AL, :>340 >=0 >BJ5760;0 2<5AB5 A :=O75<. "5BCH:0 <>O 1K;0 >4=0 87 B5E 65=I8=, :>B>@K5 ?>G8B0NB :@0A>BC ?5@2K< 4>AB>8=AB2><, =0@O4 ?5@2>N ?>B@51=>ABLN 687=8, 0 ?5@2K< =0A;0645=85< - C482;5=85 <C6G8= 8 7028ABL 65=I8=. =0 C?>B@51;O;0 1>;LHCN G0ABL 2@5<5=8 =0 B>, GB>1K =0@O60BLAO 8 ?>:07K20BLAO 2 ?C1;8:5 2> 2A5< 1;5A:5 :@0A>BK 8 1>30BAB20. 065 ;N18<>5 55 70=OB85, <C7K:0, A;C68;> 59 B>;L:> ?@54;>3>< : ?@82;5G5=8N 2 4>< A2>9 ;N459 E>@>H53> >1I5AB20, :>B>@K5 4;O B>3> 8<5==> ?@8=8<0;8 =0 A51O =0720=85 _;N18B5;59_ A53> 8A:CAAB20. =0 1K;0 24>20 >4=>3> 8B0;LO=F0, ?> 8<5=8 0@8B>=>, :>B>@K9 =5:>340 70=8<0;AO ?@5?>4020=85< C@>:>2 <C7K:8 8 ?5=8O. / =8G53> =5 7=0; > ?@>8AE>645=88 <>59 B5BCH:8, 8 >=0 =8:>340 =8 A :5< =5 3>2>@8;0 =8 > A2>8E @>4AB25==8:0E, =8 > <5AB5 A2>53> @>645=8O. =0 =07K20;0 A51O @CAA:>N 8 5748;0 8=>340 2 @CAA:CN F5@:>2L : >154=5 8 : 25G5@=5, => B>;L:> 2 1>;LH85 ?@074=8:8.  B> 2@5<O, :>340 O 2>H5; : =59 2 4><, >=0 1K;0 >A>15==> 4@C6=0 A >4=8< <>;>4K<, =51>30BK< 42>@O=8=><, A;C682H8< 2 >A:25, !5<5=>< !5<5=>28G5< ;578@8=K<. = 8A?>;=O; 2A5 ?>@CG5=8O B5BCH:8, A>?CBAB2>20; 59 2 B50B@, 2 :>=F5@BK 8 =0 ?@>3C;:0E 8 =5A:>;L:> @07 2 ACB:8 701530; 2 4><, => 2A5340 2 B0:>5 2@5<O, :>340 =5 1K;> AB0@>3> :=O7O '20=>20. ;578@8= B>;L:> =0 <C7K:0;L=KE 25G5@0E O2;O;AO 8=>340 : B5BCH:5 2 ?@8ACBAB288 :=O7O 8 B>340 >1E>48;AO A =59 A E>;>4=>N 256;82>ABLN, :0: 1C4B> <564C =8<8 =5 1K;> B5A=>3> 7=0:><AB20, 0 B>;L:> <C7K:0;L=0O A2O7L. @C38< ?>25@5==K< B5BCH:8 1K; D@0=FC7A:89 0110B @5B0BC, G5;>25: ;5B A>@>:0 ?OB8, ?@8OB=>9 =0@C6=>AB8 8 25AL<0 25A5;>3> =@020. = 1K; 4><0H=8< 4@C3>< :=O7O '20=>20, 68; C =53> 2 4><5, =0 2A5< 3>B>2><; ?>;CG0; 60;>20=L5, 8;8, ;CGH5 A:070BL, ?5=A8>= 70 2>A?8B0=85 AK=0 (:>B>@K9 C65 =0E>48;AO 2 A;C615, 2 5B5@1C@35); C?@02;O; 53> 181;8>B5:>N, 70254>20; :0@B8=0<8 8 1K; ?>25@5==K< 2> 2A5E B09=KE 45;0E. 110B @5B0BC B0:65 1K20; ?>GB8 2AO:89 45=L C B5BCH:8, => =8:>340 =5 2AB@5G0;AO A ;578@8=K<. "5BCH:0 2> 2A5< A>1;N40;0 1>;LH>9 ?>@O4>: 8 2AO:><C 45;C, 2AO:><C ?>A5I5=8N =07=0G5=> 1K;> A2>5 2@5<O.  4><5 55 1K;> G5BK@5 2E>40, :064K9 87 >A>1>9 :><=0BK 8 A >A>1>9 AB>@>=K: >48= A C;8FK, 4@C3>9 87-?>4 2>@>B, B@5B89 A> A:2>7=>3> 42>@0, G5B25@BK9 87 A04C. >AB8 2E>48;8 8 2KE>48;8, =5 2AB@5G0OAL 4@C3 A 4@C3><, 5A;8 MB>3> 65;0;0 B5BCH:0. A5, ?>A5I02H85 B5BCH:C, >:07K20;8 59 A0<CN =56=CN 4@C61C, 8 O 25AL<0 C482;O;AO, GB> B5 A0<K5 3>A?>40, :>B>@K5 2 4><5 C =55 1K;8 AB>;L >1E>48B5;L=K, 4065 =5 :;0=O;8AL 59 =0 C;8F0E 8 2 B50B@5, :>340 1K;8 A 4@C38<8 65=I8=0<8, => >B2>@0G820;8AL 2A5340, :0: 1C4B> =5 70<5G0O B5BCH:8. 5=I8=K 65 ?>3;O4K20;8 =0 =55 A C;K1:>N 8;8 8A?>4;>1LO 8, 3;O4O =5 =55, 2A5340 ?>GB8 ?5@5H5?BK20;8AL <564C A>1>N. > B5BCH:0 <>O 1K;0 B0: 4>1@0, GB> =8 =0 GB> =5 3=520;0AL. ! A;C68B5;O<8 A2>8<8 >=0 >1E>48;0AL 25AL<0 ;0A:>2> 8 B>;L:> 8=>340 A5@48;0AL =0 A2>N 3>@=8G=CN, :>340 >=0, ?><>30O 59 =0@O60BLAO, 45;0;0 GB>-=81C4L =5;>2:>, =5>E>B=> 8;8 <54;5==>. > <0;5=L:CN A2>N 2A?K;LG82>ABL >=0 2A5340 2>7=03@0640;0 ;0A:>2K< A;>2>< 8 ?>40@:0<8, 8 ?>B><C 3>@=8G=0O 55 A;C60=:0 1K;0 : =59 ?@82O70=0, 4065 1>;55 4@C38E A;C3. 4=8< A;>2><, B5BCH:0 1K;0 ;N18<0 2A5<8, :B> B>;L:> 7=0; 55; 0 O, E>BO ?>A;5 2A5E C7=0; 55, ;N18; 1>;55 2A5E, 8 A0< 1K; ?5@2K< ?@54<5B>< 55 =56=>AB8 8 ?>?5G5=89. # <5=O 1K;0 A2>O :><=0B0, A G8AB>N ?>AB5;LN 8 :><>4><, =0?>;=5==K< ?;0BL5< 8 15;L5<. "5BCH:0 8 A;C60=:0 :>@<8;8 8 ?@83;06820;8 <5=O A CB@0 4> 25G5@0. AO:89 45=L B5BCH:0 2>78;0 <5=O A A>1>N ?@>3C;820BLAO 8 CB5H0;0AL 3@><:8<8 ?>E20;0<8 <>59 ?@8OB=>9 =0@C6=>AB8. A5 55 7=0:><K5 8 ?@8OB5;8 ;0A:0;8 <5=O 8 40@8;8 :>=D5B:0<8 8 83@CH:0<8. @>H;> B@8 <5AOF0 >B ?5@5<5=K <>59 CG0AB8, 8 O =5 <>3 5I5 >?><=8BLAO. =>340 2> A=5 ?@54AB02;O;>AL <=5 ?@56=55 <>5 ?>;>65=85: B>340 O ?@>1C640;AO A 2>?;5< 8 =0G8=0; 3>@L:> ?;0:0BL, >?0A0OAL 2>72@0I5=8O 65AB:>9 ACI5AB25==>AB8. / 2A5340 @0AA:07K20; C60A=K5 <>8 A=K B5BCH:5, :>B>@0O CB5H0;0 <5=O C25@5=8O<8, GB> <>8 =5AG0AB8O =8:>340 1>;55 =5 2>7>1=>2OBAO. 0:>=5F, <0;>-?><0;C, O =0G0; 701K20BL > ?@56=5< <>5< A>AB>O=88. -B> 4065 ?@>AB8B5;L=> 2 45BA:8E ;5B0E. !:>;L:> 27@>A;KE ;N459 701K20NB 2 AG0AB88, G5< 1K;8 ?@5645, 8, GB> 5I5 EC65, 871530NB ;N459, :>B>@K5 2K25;8 8E 87 154K! > :@09=59 <5@5, O =5 ?>E>6 1K; =0 =8E 2 MB><: O >1>60; <>N B5BCH:C. 4=064K ;578@8= ?@8H5; 25AL<0 @0=>, =5 2 >1K:=>25==>5 A2>5 2@5<O. >40;8 :>D5, 8 B5BCH:0 ?@8720;0 <5=O 2 A2>N :><=0BC. - 0=O, =04>1=> CG8BLAO, - A:070;0 >=0. - > <>5<C @0AG5BC, B515 4>;6=> 1KBL >B @>4C, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, 425=04F0BL ;5B. !5<5= !5<5=>28G ?@88A:0; 4;O B51O CG8B5;59. "K AB0=5HL CG8BLAO ?>-D@0=FC7A:8, ?>-=5<5F:8, 83@0BL =0 D>@B5?80=> 8 B0=F520BL. %>G5HL ;8 BK? - 0: =5 E>B5BL, 5A;8 MB> 20< C3>4=>, B5BCH:0, - >B25G0; O. - ><=8, GB> 5A;8 BK AB0=5HL E>@>H> CG8BLAO, B> 1C45HL 2A5340 B0: 65 E>@>H> >45B, :0: B5?5@L, 8 1C45HL 2A5340 8<5BL E>@>H55 :CH0=L5; 0 5A;8 =5 1C45HL =8G53> 7=0BL, B> <>65HL 1KBL >?OBL =5AG0AB;82. - @>6L ?@>=O;0 <5=O >B A8E A;>2, 8 O B@5?5ICI8< 3>;>A>< A:070;: - / AB0=C ?@8;56=> CG8BLAO, B5BCH:0! - %>@>H>, 0=8G:0, - 2>7@078;0 >=0 8, >1>@>B8AL : ;578@8=C, ?@8<>;28;0: - / 20< C65 A:070;0, GB> >= 4>;65= 8<5BL D0<8;8N: MB>B 45=L 4>;65= 2A5 @5H8BL, - ?@84C<09B5. ;578@8= 704C<0;AO, ?@>H5; =5A:>;L:> @07 ?> :><=0B5 8 A:070;: - K <=5 3>2>@8;8, 45;0840 5B@>2=0, GB> C7=0;8 A2>53> ?;5<O==8:0 ?> C4828B5;L=><C 53> AE>4AB2C A ?>:>9=K< >BF><, 0 C4>AB>25@8;8AL 2 ?>4;8==>AB8 A2>8E 4>304>: ?> @C1FC, >AB02H5<CAO =0 53> ?;5G5 >B 2K665==>3> 2 53> <;045=G5AB25 =0@>AB0. - ">G=> B0:, - >B25G0;0 B5BCH:0. - B0:, 20H ?;5<O==8: 4>;65= =07K20BLAO K6838=K<: MB> E0@0:B5@8AB8G5A:>5 ?@>720=85 1C45B ?@8?><8=0BL 5<C AG0AB;82CN ?5@5<5=C 2 53> 687=8 >B MB>9 ?@8<5BK - 8... "5BCH:0 =5 40;0 5<C :>=G8BL: - @5:@0A=>, ?@5:@0A=>! - 2>A:;8:=C;0 >=0. - B=K=5 0=O 1C45B =07K20BLAO 20=>< 20=>28G5< K6838=K<. !;KH8HL ;8, 0=O? - !;KHC. - C, :0: B51O 7>2CB? - 20= 20=>28G K6838=. - G5=L E>@>H>, - A:070;0 B5BCH:0. -  :B> BK B0:>2? - ;5<O==8: 45;084K 5B@>2=K 0@8B>=5. - 5;L7O ;CGH5, - A:070;0 B5BCH:0. - "5?5@L ?><=8, GB> B2>9 >B5F 1K; G8=>2=8: 87 42>@O= 8 =07K20;AO 20=>2; >= 4065 A>AB028; A515 ?>@O4>G=>5 8<5=85, =>, ?> =5AG0ABLN, @07>@8;AO 8 C<5@, 2> 2@5<O B2>53> 45BAB20; 0 <0BL B2>O, <>O A5AB@0, B0:65 42>@O=:0, 2KH54H0O ?> ;N128 70<C6, C<5@;0 =0 4@C3>9 45=L ?>A;5 B2>53> @>645=8O =0 A25B. 0: C >BF0 B2>53> =5 >AB0;>AL @>4AB25==8:>2, B> B515 2A5 @02=> :0: =07K20BLAO. 20=>2K< 8;8 K6838=K<. / <>;G0; 8 A;CH0;. - "5?5@L, 0=O, ABC?09 2 A2>N :><=0BC, - A:070;0 B5BCH:0, - 702B@0 =0G=CBAO B2>8 C@>:8. ;578@8=, :>B>@K9 ;N18; ?>4HCG820BL, A45;0; <=5 ?>:;>=, ?@8<>;282: - > A2840=LO, 20= 20=>28G K6838=: ?@>HC ;N18BL 8 60;>20BL A2>53> :@5AB=>3> ?0?5=L:C. "5BCH:0 70A<5O;0AL 8 A:070;0: - >72>;ON ;N18BL, => 70?@5I0N ?>E>48BL =0 =53>, GB>1 =5 70A;C68BL =0720=8O - manvais subject (=53>4OO). -B> D@0=FC7A:>5 2K@065=85 O 7=0; 402=>, ?>B><C GB> CG8B5;O =07K20;8 B0:8< >1@07><, 70 3;070, 45B59 3. >;>3>@4>2A:>3> 8 !:>B8=:8, 8 ?>B><C O 70 4>;3 ?>G5; >B25G0BL: - 5 1>9B5AL, B5BCH:0, O ?>AB0@0NAL 1KBL =5 ?>E>68< =0 !5<5=0 !5<5=>28G0. 0 4@C3>9 45=L O28;8AL CG8B5;O. 0AK?0==K9 B010:>< =5<5F, 3. 8@70CD5@, AB0@8:, A 103@>2K< ;8F><, =0 :>B>@>< F25;8 ;02@K 0ECA>2K. . $5;8:A, <>;>4>9 D@0=FC7, @01>B=8: A ?><04=>9 D01@8:8, :>B>@K9, >1CG0O 3@0<>B5 =0G8=0NI8E, A0< CG8;AO @5<5A;C CG8B5;O 8 3C25@=5@0. . (<8@-=>B5=, B0:65 =5<5F, CG8B5;L <C7K:8 8 ?5=8O, E>BO 7=0; >G5=L E>@>H> B5>@8N <C7K:8, => 83@0; =0 D>@B5?80=> B0: 4C@=> 8 @525; B0: 3@><:> 8 =5A:;04=>, GB> 2A5 2 4><5 70BK:0;8 A515 CH8, :>340 5<C ?@8E>48;0 >E>B0 ?5BL 8;8 83@0BL ?>A;5 C@>:0. "0=F520BL O >1CG0;AO 2 B0=F:;0AA5, C >4=>3> E@><>3> B50B@0;L=>3> B0=F>@0, A;><02H53> A515 =>3C 2 @>;8 :0:>3>-B> GC4>28I0, ?@8 ?@54AB02;5=88 2>;H51=>3> 10;5B0. >8 CG8B5;O O7K:>2 A;54>20;8 ?@>B82>?>;>6=K< <5B>40<. >340 O =0CG8;AO G8B0BL, =5<5F AB0; <=5 21820BL 2 3>;>2C 3@0<<0B8G5A:85 ?@028;0, 0 D@0=FC7, <0;> 701>BOAL > 3@0<<0B8:5, 70AB02;O; <5=O 2KCG820BL =087CABL :0: <>6=> 1>;55 A;>2 8 @5G5=89. 0: C =0A 2 4><5 15A?@5AB0==> 1>;B0;8 ?>-D@0=FC7A:8 8 2A5 ?>GB8 3>AB8, =0?5@5@K2 4@C3 ?5@54 4@C3><, M:70<5=>20;8 <5=O 2 <>8E CA?5E0E 2> D@0=FC7A:>< O7K:5, B> O 25AL<0 A:>@> A0< AB0; 1>;B0BL 8 A>25@H5==> ?>=8<0BL 2A5 @073>2>@K, : 1>;LH>9 @04>AB8 B5BCH:8. >340 O C65 ?>=8<0;, GB> G8B0N, 3. $5;8:A AB0; CG8BL <5=O 3@0<<0B8:5, B> 5ABL: @0AB>;:>20;, GB> 7=0G8B @>4K, 8<5=0 ACI5AB28B5;L=>5 8 ?@8;030B5;L=>5; =0CG8; C?>B@51;OBL G;5=K (les articles) 8 A?@O30BL 3;03>;K 2A?><>30B5;L=K5. '@57 3>4 O C65 3>2>@8; ?>-D@0=FC7A:8 ?>GB8 B0: 65 E>@>H> 8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, B0: 65 A<5;>, :0: 4@C385 =0H8 7=0:><K5; 0 2 =5<5F:>< O7K:5 5420 4>H5; B>;L:> 4> A:;>=5=89. 0 D>@B5?80=> O 83@0; 3>@074> ;CGH5 <>53> CG8B5;O 8 ?5; B0: ?@8OB=>, GB> 4065 =0 =0H8E <C7K:0;L=KE 25G5@0E ?520; A>;>. "0=FK 1K;8 4;O <5=O =0A;0645=85<: 2 B5G5=85 3>40 O 2KCG8; =5 B>;L:> 20;LA 8 :04@8;L, => 8 <5=CMB, 0;;5<0=4, <0B@04C@, B0<?5B 8 2A5 B>340H=85 <>4=K5 ?@K6:8. 0 G5BK@=04F0B>< 3>4C >B @>4C 8 2 >48= 3>4 2>A?8B0=8O O 1K;, ?> A;>20< B5BCH:8: un jenne homme accompli (A>25@H5==K9 N=>H0): 1>;BC=, ;>2>:, A<5; 8 4065 45@7>:: 2A5 MB8 :0G5AB20 =07K20;8AL ?@87=0:0<8 35=8O.  A>25B5 4@C759 B5BCH:8=KE ?>;>65=> 1K;> >B40BL <5=O 2 ;CGH89 ?0=A8>=, GB>1 A45;0BL 87 <5=O _CG5=>3>_. =O7L '20=>2 27O; =0 A51O ?;0B8BL 70 <>5 2>A?8B0=85. > :0: B5BCH:0 =8 ?>4 :0:8< 284>< =5 E>B5;0 @0AAB0BLAO A> <=>N, B> 2 45=L <>8E 8<5=8=, :>340, ?> @0AG5BC B5BCH:8, <=5 8A?>;=8;>AL G5BK@=04F0BL ;5B, <5=O 70?8A0;8 ?>;C?0=A8>=5@>< 2 CG51=>5 702545=85 3. 51@8;;8O=0, 345 >1CG0;8AL 45B8 ;CGH8E @CAA:8E D0<8;89. =5 =0:C?8;8 @07=KE :=83, ?>40@8;8 1>30BK9 ?>@BD5;L, 8 O =0G0; ?@8;56=> ?>A5I0BL :;0AAK, ?@8<5G0O, GB> <>8 CA?5E8 2 =0C:0E 4>AB02;ONB B5BCH:5 @04>ABL, 0 <=5 ?>40@:8. / >15I0; B5BCH:5 1KBL ;CGH5 45B59 >;>3>@4>2A:>3> 8 !:>B8=:8, => :0: >4=8 ?@8G8=K ?@>872>4OB >4=8 ?>A;54AB28O, B> O >B 10;>2AB20 ?@8>1@5; B5 65 ?>@>:8. 5=O 2A5 E20;8;8 8 ;0A:0;8 2 3;070: O A45;0;AO 3>@4 8 2>7<5GB0;, GB> O ;CGH5 2A5E. =5 =8 2 G5< =5 >B:07K20;8 8 B5< A0<K< 2>71C640;8 1>;55 65;0=89, ?>B><C GB> ?@8E>B8 @>640NBAO ?> <5@5 2>7<>6=>AB8 C4>2;5B2>@OBL 8E.  ?0=A8>=5 27@>A;K5 <0;LG8:8 (=0A<>B@52H8AL 4><0 =0 70=OB8O @>48B5;59) 83@0;8 <564C A>1>N 2 :0@BK, C3>I0;8 4@C3 4@C30 702B@0:0<8, 8 B>B 87 =0A, :B> <>3 8745@6820BL 1>;55, ?>;L7>20;AO C2065=85< A2>8E B>20@8I59. >340 C <5=O =54>AB020;> 45=53 =0 <>8 70102K, O 2K4C<K20; =5>1E>48<K5 =04>1=>AB8 8, =5 A<5O >B:@K20BLAO B5BCH:5 2 B><, GB> <K 45;0;8 C:@04:>N, ?@>A8; 45=53 =0 :=838, :@0A:8, F8@:C;8, 1C<03C 8 B0:8< >1@07>< =0CG8;AO ;30BL 8 >1<0=K20BL. "5BCH:0 8 7=0B=K5 3>A?>40, 55 ?@8OB5;8, 8A?>;=O;8 <>8 65;0=8O 8 =5 ?@>B82>@5G8;8 <=5, 8 B0: O ?>G8B0; =5?@>AB8B5;L=K< ?@>ABC?:>< 2 A;C35, 5A;8 >= <54;8; 8A?>;=OBL <>8 ?@8:070=8O, 0 >B MB>3> A45;0;AO 3@C1 2 >1@0I5=88 A A;C30<8, 27KA:0B5;5= 8 :0?@875=. ! 154=K<8 B>20@8I0<8 <>8<8 O >1E>48;AO 45@7:>, A 1>30BK<8 - =04<5==>, ?>G8B0O A51O 1>30G5 ?5@2KE 8 ;CGH5 4@C38E. #G8B5;59 8 3C25@=5@>2 O =5 1>O;AO 8 =5 C2060; >BB>3>, GB> A>45@60B5;L ?0=A8>=0, >?0A0OAL ;8H8BLAO ?>:@>28B5;LAB20 :=O7O '20=>20 8 ?>40@:>2 B5BCH:8=KE, ;LAB8; <=5, A<>B@5; A:2>7L ?0;LFK =0 <>8 H0;>AB8 8 =5 C4>2;5B2>@O; 60;>10< CG8B5;59. B0:, O =52>;L=> A45;0;AO 2> 2A5< ?>E>68< =0 B5E 45B59, :>B>@K5 ?@5645 :070;8AL <=5 AB>;L =5A=>A=K<8. / 4065 ?>B5@O; >E>BC CG8BLAO, ?>B><C GB> 3>;>20 <>O 2A5340 70=OB0 1K;0 G5<-=81C4L 4@C38<. >, ?> AG0ABLN, =5>1K:=>25==0O <>O ?0<OBL 8 2@>645==0O ?>=OB;82>ABL 70<5=O;8 ?@8;560=85: A;CH0O C@>:8 <8<>E>4>< 8 =8:>340 =5 CG0 =087CABL, O 7=0; ;CGH5 4@C38E 2A5, GB> ?@5?>4020;8 C =0A 2 ?0=A8>=5, :@><5, >4=0:> 6, <0B5<0B8:8. 7CG5=85 55 B@51C5B =5?@5<5==> ?>AB>O==>3> 70=OB8O, ?>2B>@5=89 8 2K?8A>:, 8 :0: MB> 1K;> =5 ?> <>5<C 2:CAC, B> O @5H8B5;L=> >1JO28; B5BCH:5, GB> =5 8<5N =8:0:>9 A:;>==>AB8 8 A?>A>1=>AB8 : <0B5<0B8:5. =0, ?>A>25B>202H8AL A 3. ;578@8=K< 8 0110B>< @5-B0BC, C2>;8;0 <5=O >B <0B5<0B8G5A:8E ;5:F89, 8 2A5 <>8 ?>7=0=8O 2 A59 =0C:5 >3@0=8G8;8AL 0@8D<5B8:>9.  X -  !. !#!",. +  /", ""#(. '"-" %   #. .,. "*  !+ KAB@> ;5B8B 2@5<O 45BAB20. / @>A, @>A:>H5AB2>20; 2 4><5 B5BCH:8, CG8;AO, H0;8; 2 ?0=A8>=5 8 =5 8<5; 2@5<5=8 70<5G0BL, GB> ?@>8AE>48;> 2 =0H5< 4><5, 0 ?>B><C 8 C<0;G820N >1 MB><. 0ABC?8;> 2@5<O B>@65AB25==>3> 8A?KB0=8O 2 ?0=A8>=5 8 2K?CA:0 87 25@E=53> :;0AA0, 2 :>B>@>< O 1K; >48= 87 ;CGH8E CG5=8:>2. !B0@H5<C 87 =0A 1K;> =5 1>;55 A5<=04F0B8 ;5B >B @>4C, => 2A5 <K ?>G8B0;8 A51O 4>AB>9=K<8 70=OBL ?5@2K5 4>;6=>AB8 2 3>AC40@AB25 8 A>60;5;8 > ?>B5@O==>< 2@5<5=8 =5 4;O CG5=LO, 0 4;O 2KA;C38 >D8F5@A:>3> G8=0. ! =5B5@?5=85< >6840;8 <K M:70<5=0, > :>B>@>< ?>A;0=K 1K;8 ?>25AB:8 : @>48B5;O< 70 425 =545;8 2?5@54. 0G0;8AL ?@83>B>2;5=8O. 064><C CG5=8:C 40=K 1K;8 ?@5645 2>?@>AK 8 >B25BK 4;O 2KCG5=8O =087CABL, 8 CG8B5;O 5654=52=> 45;0;8 @5?5B8F88, >1CG0O =0A ?> @07=K< CA;>2=K< 7=0:0<, GB> 4>;6=> >B25G0BL, 5A;8 :B>-;81> 87 ?>AB>@>==8E A?@>A8B > B><, GB> =5 1K;> >7=0G5=> 2 ?@56=8E 2>?@>A0E. 0?@8<5@, 2A5 ?C3>28FK =0 D@0:5 8 =0 68;5B5 C CG8B5;59 O7K:>2 >7=0G0;8 G0AB8 @5G8 8 2A5 3@0<<0B8G5A:85 ?@028;0. A5 8E 42865=8O 8<5;8 >A>15==K5 7=0G5=8O. >A C ?@>D5AA>@0 D>@B8D8:0F88 7=0G8; 10AB8>=, @>B :@5?>AB=>9 @>2, 7C1K ?0;8A04K, ?>41>@>4>: 3;0A8A, 3;070 D;5H8, 70BK;>: B5B45?>= 8 B. ?. >;>20 CG8B5;O 35>3@0D88 ?@54AB02;O;0 A5;5==CN. 0:>2:0 =0 3>;>25 53> >7=0G0;0 75=8B, 0 ?>41>@>4>: =048@; I5:8 ?>2>@>B=K5 :@C38, =>A M:;8?B8:C, :>A0 ?5@2K9 <5@8480=, @>B >:50=, 3;070 =5?>4286=K5 72574K 8 B. 4. @><5 CG8B5;59 CG5=8:8 B0:65 =0CG8;8AL ?><>30BL A2>8< B>20@8I0< ?>A@54AB2>< 7=0:>2. . 51@8;;8O= 873>B>28; 0BB5AB0BK :064><C CG5=8:C 4;O ?@54AB02;5=8O @>48B5;O<, @>4AB25==8:0< 8 >?5:C=0<. %>@>H0O 8;8 4C@=0O 0BB5AB0F8O 2 =0C:0E 8 ?>2545=88 7028A5;0 =5 >B CA?5E>2 8 =@02AB25==>AB8 CG5=8:>2, => >B 7=0B=>AB8, 1>30BAB20, I54@>AB8 8 AB5?5=8 ?@82O70==>AB8 @>48B5;59 8 @>4AB25==8:>2 : 45BO<. B :>3> 3. 51@8;;8O= =045O;AO ?>;CG8BL 1>;55 2K3>4, B>B ?>;CG0; ;CGH89 0BB5AB0B, 0 :0: =5;L7O 1K;> ?@54?>;030BL, GB>1 2 ?0=A8>=5 =5 1K;> H0;C=>2 8 ;5=82F52, B> 4C@=K5 0BB5AB0BK >?@545;5=K 1K;8 45BO< >BACBAB2CNI8E @>48B5;59, A8@>B0<, > :>B>@KE >?5:C=K, ?> >1K:=>25=8N, <0;> 701>B8;8AL, 8 42C< 154=K< ?0=A8>=5@0<, :>B>@KE 3. 51@8;;8O= 2>A?8BK20; 40@><, 4;O B>3> GB>1K ?@>A;028BLAO 4>1@>4CH85< 8 I54@>AB8N. A5< CG5=8:0<, :>B>@K5 4>;6=K 1K;8 ?>;CG8BL =03@04K, @07C<55BAO :C?;5==K5 =0 8E 65 45=L38, 8 E>@>H85 0BB5AB0BK, A:070=> 1K;> >1 MB>< ?@5645, ?>4 A5:@5B>< 8 ?>@CG5=> ?@83;0A8BL =0 M:70<5= :0: <>6=> 1>;55 @>4AB25==8:>2 8 7=0:><KE. 0:>=5F, ?>A;5 CA?5H=KE ?@83>B>2;5=89, =0ABC?8;> B>@65AB2>. 0;0 1K;0 =0?>;=5=0 ?>A5B8B5;O<8, G8=>2=8:0<8, 40<0<8 8 CG5=K<8, :>B>@K5 1K;8 2 4@C65A:8E A2O7OE A 3-< 51@8;;8O=><. ">@65AB2> >B:@KB> 1K;> @5GLN =0 D@0=FC7A:>< O7K:5, :>B>@CN ?@>87=5A O A 25;8G09H5N A<5;>ABLN.  5GL A>G8=8; 0110B @5B0BC, 0 ?>?@02;O;8 2A5 CG8B5;O, 2:;NG0O 2 B> G8A;> 8 CG8B5;O G8AB>?8A0=8O. 0 ?@54?>GB5=85, :>B>@>3> O C4>AB>8;AO, B5BCH:0 ?>40@8;0 65=5 3-=0 51@8;-;8O=0 :CA>: H5;:>2>9 <0B5@88 8 =5A:>;L:> 0@H8= :@C652, ?>;CG5==KE 5N 2 ?>40@>: >B :=O7O '20=>20. A?KB0=85 27@>A;KE CG5=8:>2 H;> 4>2>;L=> CA?5H=> 1;03>40@O CA;>2;5==K< 7=0:0<. =>385 87 ?>A5B8B5;59, 4@C7LO =0H8E CG8B5;59, 45;0;8 =0< B@C4=K5 2>?@>AK, > :>B>@KE <K 7=0;8 ?@5645, - 8 =5>?KB=K5 @>48B5;8 C482;O;8AL =0H8< ?>7=0=8O<. > <564C =0<8 1K;> =5A:>;L:> BC?>C<=KE, :>B>@K5 =8:0: =5 <>3;8 2KB25@48BL =087CABL =8 7040==KE 2>?@>A>2, =8 CA;>2=KE 7=0:>2, 8 >B MB>3> ?@>87>H;> =5A:>;L:> 25AL<0 AB@0==KE =54><>;2>: 8 ?5@5<>;2>:. 0?@8<5@, C AK=0 >15@-A5:@5B0@O A?@>A8;8: "0:>3> @>40 70=OB85< 8;8 ?@><KH;5==>ABLN ?@8>1@5B05BAO 1>;55 =0;8G=KE 45=53 2 3>AC40@AB25?" "I5B=> CG8B5;L AB0B8AB8:8 70?CA:0; @C:C 2 1>:>2>9 :0@<0=, GB>, ?> CA;>28N, >7=0G0;> _B>@3>2;N_, - N=>H0, =0A;CH02H8AL >B @>48B5;59 AC645=89 ?> A5<C 65 ?@54<5BC 8 4C<0O, GB> 40AB =04;560I89 >B25B, A:070;: "BO610<8!" A5 70A<5O;8AL, 8 >B5F N=>H8 70:@K; ;8F> ?;0B:><, :0: 1C4B> CB8@0O ?>B. # 4@C3>3> CG5=8:0, AK=0 1>30B>3> 8 =04<5==>3> AB@O?G53>, A?@>A8;8: "0:85 _2A?><>30B5;L=K5 3;03>;K_ 2 @CAA:>< O7K:5?" = <>;G0;. B5F 53>, =54>2>;L=K9 MB8<, A 4>A04>N A:070;: - 0=O, @0725 BK 701K; 745AL B>, G5<C =0CG8;AO 5I5 4><0? B>-B> H5?=C; 0=5 =0 CE>, 8 >= >B25G0;: - # _=0A_ 2A?><>30B5;L=K5 3;03>;K: _;30BL_ 8 _1@0BL_. %>E>B A=>20 ?>4=O;AO 2> 2A5E :>=F0E 70;K, 8 3>@4K9 AB@O?G89 ?>103@>25; >B 7;>AB8. . 51@8;;8O=, 4;O 871560=8O A>1;07=0, AB0; A0< A?@0H820BL CG5=8:>2. = M:70<5=>20; B0: 8A:CA=>, GB> 2A5 >B25G0;8 C40G=>, : 25;8G09H5<C C4>2>;LAB28N <0BCH5: 8 B5BCH5:. >B =5A:>;L:> ?@8<5@>2 ?5403>38:8 3. 51@8;;8O=0. - 0: =07K205BAO 3;02=K9 3>@>4 2 A?0=88? - A?@>A8; . 51@8;;8O=. - 5 04@84 ;8? - 04@84, - >B25G0; CG5=8:. - @5:@0A=>.  ?@8 :0:>9 @5:5 >= ;568B? 5 ?@8 0=A5=0@5A5 ;8? - 04@84 ;568B ?@8 @5:5 0=A5=0@5A5, - >B25G0; CG5=8: ?@>2>@=> 8 3@><:>. - G5=L E>@>H>, >G5=L E>@>H>; A048B5AL. "5?5@L A:068B5 <=5, 2K, 3. NN, A?@0254;82> ;8 =07K20NB >;3C A0<>N 1>;LH>N @5:>N 2 2@>?59A:>9  >AA88? - !0<0O 1>;LH0O @5:0 2 2@>?59A:>9  >AA88 5ABL >;30, - >B25G0; CG5=8: A:>@>3>2>@:>N. - G5=L E>@>H>, ?@5:@0A=>. !:068B5 <=5, 3. NN, :B> 1K; ?5@2K< @8<A:8< 8<?5@0B>@><, :>340 23CAB ?@8=O; ?5@2K9 8<?5@0B>@A:>5 4>AB>8=AB2>? - 23CAB, - >B25G0; CG5=8:. - G5=L E>@>H>, - A:070; 3. 51@8;;8O=. "0:8<-B> >1@07>< 2A5 CG5=8:8 >B25G0;8 C4>2;5B2>@8B5;L=> =0 2>?@>AK 3-=0 51@8;;8O=0, 8 =56=K5 @>48B5;8 A>3;0A8;8AL 548=>4CH=>, GB> 2 ?0=A8>=5 >1CG0NB ?@5:@0A=> 8 5A;8 45B8 8=>340 >B25G0NB =52?>?04, B> MB> >B B>3> B>;L:>, GB> 8E =5 C<5NB A?@0H820BL B0: C<=>, :0: CG5=K9 3. 51@8;;8O=. -:70<5= ?@>4>;60;AO 420 G0A0; ?>A;5 B>3> =0< @>740;8 =03@04K 8 0BB5AB0BK, ?@8 72C:5 B@C1 8 ;8B02@>2, 8 >B?CAB8;8 A @>48B5;O<8. C6G8=K, B> 5ABL ?@8OB5;8 A>45@60B5;O ?0=A8>=0 8 CG8B5;59, ?><>302H85 8< 8A?KBK20BL =0A, ?> CA;>2=K< 7=0:0<, 8 4><0H=85 4@C7LO 1>30BKE @>48B5;59 >AB0;8AL >1540BL C 3-=0 51@8;;8O=0, : :>B>@><C 4;O MB>3> 5I5 =0:0=C=5 ?@8=5A5=K 1K;8 :>@78=K A 28=>< 87 @07=KE 4><>2. "@8 4=O A@O4C =5 1K;> CG5=LO 2 ?0=A8>=5 >BB>3>, GB> 33. CG8B5;O >B4KE0;8 ?>A;5 ?8@CH:8. / E>BO C65 :>=G8; :C@A =0C:, ?@5?>40205<KE 2 ?0=A8>=5, =>, ?> A>25BC 0110B0 @5B0BC, 4>;65= 1K; ?@>4>;60BL A;CH0=85 ;5:F89 2 ?0=A8>=5, ?>:0 1C45B ?@84C<0=>, GB> A> <=>N 4>;6=> 45;0BL. / 87 4@C3>9 :><=0BK A;KH0;, :0: 0110B 4020; B5BCH:5 =0AB02;5=8O ?> A5<C ?@54<5BC. - CA:09 0=O E>48B 2 ?0=A8>=, - A:070; 0110B. - 0< MB> =8G53> =5 AB>8B, 81> ?;0B8B 70 =53> :=O7L. -B> =C6=> =5 4;O =0C:, => 4;O B>3>, GB>1 >= =5 =0CG8;AO 4><0 B><C, G53> 5<C 7=0BL =5 A;54C5B. .=>ABL ;N1>?KB=0 8 A<5B;820, 0 =0H 0=O 2A5340 1K; C<5= 8 4>304;82 =5 ?> ;5B0<. K ?>=8<05B5 <5=O? K A:>@> 53> ?@8AB@>8<. - CABL 1C45B ?>-20H5<C, - >B25G0;0 4>1@0O <>O B5BCH:0. - 7 ;N128 : =5<C O 3>B>20 =0 2A5. 0: A:>@> :;0AA=K5 <>8 B>20@8I8 >AB028;8 ?0=A8>=, O ?>G8B0; A51O 2KH5 2A5E 8 2>2A5 ?5@5AB0; CG8BLAO.  :;0AA0E O G8B0; :=838, :>B>@K<8 =045;O; =0A >1I89 ?0=A8>==K9 7=0:><5F, C:0 20=>28G >@>20B8=. = =5 1K; 7=0:>< A <>5N B5BCH:>9, 8 <5=O 225;8 : =5<C <>8 B>20@8I8. C:0 20=>28G 68; =0?@>B82 =0H53> ?0=A8>=0 8 1K; 2 ?@8O7=8 =5 B>;L:> A 3-< 51@8;;8O=><, => A> 2A5<8 CG8B5;O<8 8 3C25@=5@0<8, 0 ?>B><C, 2 A2>1>4=>5 >B CG5=LO 2@5<O, ?>72>;O;8 ?0=A8>=5@0< E>48BL : =5<C 8 >AB020BLAO 8=>340 4> ?>;C=>G8. C:0 20=>28G >1CG0; =0A 83@0BL 2> 2A5 :0@B>G=K5 83@K, 8 4065 2 10=: 8 2 HB>A, ?>72>;O; =0< :C@8BL B@C1:8, ?>BG520; 28=><, ?C=H5< 8 2>4:>N 8 70102;O; @0AA:070<8 > ;N1>2=KE A2>8E ?>E>645=8OE. # =53> 1K;0 =51>;LH0O 181;8>B5:0 70?>254=KE :=83 8 - 2A5 A>1;07=8B5;L=>5, GB> B>;L:> E>48;> ?> @C:0<, 2 AB8E0E 8 ?@>75, =0E>48;>AL 2 53> =51>;LH>< A>1@0=88 @C:>?8A59. 5A:>;L:> ?>@BD5;59 =0?>;=5=K 1K;8 3@028@>20==K<8 8 @8A>20==K<8 :0@B8=:0<8, :>B>@KE >=, 25@=>, =5 A<5; =8:><C ?>:07K20BL, :0: B>;L:> =0<, =5>?KB=K<, 8 AB>;L 65 @072@0B=K<, :0: 8 >=, ?@8OB5;O<.  15A540E A2>8E A =0<8 >= 15A?@5AB0==> =0A<5E0;AO =04 2A5<8 4CE>2=K<8 8 3@0640=A:8<8 >1O70==>ABO<8 G5;>25:0, =04 BO65ABLN @>4AB25==KE A2O759 8 AK=>2=59 ?>4G8=5==>AB8, A;>2><: =04 2A5<, GB> 4>1@K5 ;N48 ?>G8B0NB A2OI5==K<. C:0 20=>28G BI0B5;L=> =01;N40; =0H8 A:;>==>AB8, ?>AB5?5==> @072820; 2 =0A AB@0AB8, 2>71C640; 65;0=8O 8 15A?@5AB0==> B25@48;, GB> F5;L 687=8 5ABL =0A;0645=85 8 GB> ?@8 AB@5<;5=88 : :0:>9 1K B> =8 1K;> F5;8 A0<K5 A:>@K5 8 25@=K5 A@54AB20 ACBL 2A5340 A0<K5 ;CGH85. > ?@028;0< 3-=0 >@>20B8=0, 4;O 45B59 1K;0 >4=0 B>;L:> >1O70==>ABL 2 687=8, 2 >B=>H5=88 : @>48B5;O<, 0 8<5==> ?@54AB02;OBLAO B0:8<8, :0:8<8 >=8 65;0;8 2845BL A2>8E 45B59. B:@>25==>ABL A @>48B5;O<8 8 A> 2A5<8 AB0@H8<8 >= ?>G8B0; ?>@>:>< 8 3;C?>ABLN. 4A:85 A2>8 ?@028;0 3. >@>20B8= ?@8:@K20; =0720=85< _=>2>9 D8;>A>D88_ 8 ?>4 8<5=5< _?@02 =0BC@K_ 8 _?@02 G5;>25:0_ ?>A520; 2 =5>?KB=KE A5@4F0E 15725@85 8 ?>=OB8O > A:>BA:>< @025=AB25. 458 53> =0< G@572KG09=> =@028;8AL, ?>B><C GB> 2 =8E =0E>48;8 <K 2A5, GB> <>3;> ;LAB8BL =0H5<C A0<>;N18N, 8 2A5, G5< <>6=> 1K;> 4>:070BL =0H5 <=8<>5 ?@02> =0 =57028A8<>ABL. K ?>G8B0;8 A51O D8;>A>D0<8 XVIII 25:0 8 2A5E, :B> 4C<0; =5 B0:, :0: <K 8 :0: 3. >@>20B8=, =07K20;8 20@20@0<8 8 =525640<8. >@>20B8= 7=0; 2A5 A>1;07=8B5;L=K5 0=5:4>BK > ;CGH8E D0<8;8OE 8, @0AA:07K20O > A;01>ABOE @>48B5;59, 8A:>@5=O; 2 A5@4F0E 45B59 A5<5=0 ?@825@65==>AB8 8 C2065=8O : AB0@H8<. = 68; 83@>N 8 2AO:>3> @>40 >1>@>B0<8: 4020; 45=L38 2709<K 1>30BK< =0A;54=8:0<, >1K3@K20; 8E, B>@3>20; 25:A5;O<8 8 25I0<8, :>B>@K5 >= 1@0; 2 4>;3 2 <03078=0E, 8 A;C68; ;N1>2=K< 035=B>< 8 >@C485< 2> 2A5E 8=B@830E AB0@K< 8 <>;>4K<, <C6G8=0< 8 65=I8=0<. >@>20B8=0 7=0; F5;K9 3>@>4, 8 E>BO >= =5 ?>:07K20;AO 2 ?>@O4>G=KE A5<59AB20E 2 ?@85<=K5 4=8, => 1K; 25AL<0 G0AB> ?@87K205< 4;O A>25B0 8 ?><>I8 : 1>30BK< 8 7=0B=K<. C:0 20=>28G 8<5; >:>;> A>@>:0 ;5B >B @>4C, 1K; <0;>3> @>AB0 8 ACE>I02>3> A;>65=8O. >;>AK 8<5; @K6520BK5, ;8F> 1;54=>5, ?>:@KB>5 <>@I8=0<8, ?@56452@5<5==K<8 A;540<8 @072@0B0. = 2A5340 A<>B@5;, ?@8IC@O 3;070, 8 <@0G=K9 273;O4 53> 2>71C640; :0:>5-B> =5?@8OB=>5 2?5G0B;5=85. >@>20B8= E20;8;AO, GB> >= C65 CA?5; 2>A?8B0BL F5;>5 ?>:>;5=85 ?> ?@028;0< =>2>9 D8;>A>D88, 8, 2 A0<>< 45;5, 25;8G09H85 =53>4O8 8 @072@0B=8:8 2 AB>;8F5 1K;8 A <>;>4KE ;5B 53> ?@8OB5;O<8. 8 >48= 87 =8E =5 87153=C; 15A?;0B=> 53> =0AB02;5=89: >= ?><>30; 8< <>B0BL 8 ?5@2K9 ?>;L7>20;AO @0AAB@>9AB2>< 8E 45;. 01>6=K5 ;N48 =07K20;8 >@>20B8=0 _45<>=><_, <>;>4K5 _25A5;LG0:><_, 0 =5>?KB=K5 N=>H8, :0: O C65 A:070;, - _D8;>A>D><_.  ;5B>?8AOE ?>;8F88 >= 1K; 8725AB5= ?>4 8<5=0<8 _D0;LH82>3> 83@>:0 8 0D5@I8:0_. C:0 20=>28G >A>15==> ?@82O70;AO :> <=5, ?@54A:07K20O, GB> O 1C4C 25;8:8< D8;>A>D>< 8 4>AB83=C 4> 2KA>:>9 AB5?5=8 1>30BAB20 8 7=0B=>AB8. = ?@8 <=5 =8:>340 =5 3>2>@8; 4C@=> > B5BCH:5 <>59, 7=0O <>N : =59 ?@825@65==>ABL, >4=0:> 6 70?@5B8; <=5 A:07K20BL 59 > =0H5< 7=0:><AB25, 3>2>@O, GB> >= ;8G=K9 2@03 :=O7O '20=>20 8 ;578@8=0, :>B>@K5 <>3CB >:;525B0BL 53> ?@54 B5BCH:>N, 8 >=0, ?> 65=A:><C ;53:>25@8N, @07>@25B =0HC 4@C61C. >@>20B8= 4020; <=5 4065 45=L38 =0 83@C 8 =0 4@C385 <>8 =04>1=>AB8 8 =5 =07K20; <5=O 8=0G5, :0: <5=LH8< A2>8< 1@0B><. / 1K; C =53> 2 :20@B8@5 2@>45 2B>@>3> E>7O8=0; ?@8E>48;, :>340 <=5 1K;> C3>4=>, 45;0;, GB> E>B5;, 8, E>BO 1K 53> =5 1K;> 4><0, ?@8:07K20; 53> A;C30<, ?>BG520; <>8E B>20@8I59 =0 53> AG5B 8 @0A?>@O60;AO 53> 8<CI5AB2><, :0: A2>8<. C4@5=> ;8, GB> B0:>5 >1E>645=85 >@>20B8=0 70AB02;O;> <5=O 25@8BL, GB> >= ;N18B <5=O 70 >4=8 ;8G=K5 <>8 4>AB>8=AB20?  MB> A0<>5 ?@82O7K20;> <5=O : =5<C. / 4065 3>@48;AO MB8< ?@54?>GB5=85<. 564C =0<8 =5 1K;> B09=, 8 O, ?> 65;0=8N 53>, @0AA:070; 5<C <>8 ?>E>645=8O, 154AB28O <>53> 45BAB20, 2AB@5GC A B5BCH:>N 8 =0:>=5F ?>:070; 5<C AG0AB;82CN ?@8<5BC, ?> :>B>@>9 >=0 C4>AB>25@8;0AL, GB> O ?;5<O==8: 55. 070;>AL, GB> A> 2@5<5=8 <>59 >B:@>25==>AB8 >@>20B8= 5I5 =56=55 ;N18; <5=O. = 1K; ?5@2K9, :>B>@><C O >B:@K;AO. 564C B5< 2 4>< B5BCH:8 AB0; 5748BL 25AL<0 G0AB> >48= 25;L<>60, :>B>@K9 70=8<0; 206=>5 <5AB> 2 5B5@1C@35 8, ?>;CG82 >BAB02:C, ?5@5A5;8;AO =0 68BL5 2 >A:2C, GB>1 =0A;0640BLAO A2>1>4=> ?@8>1@5B5==K< (=5 7=0N, 1;03> 8;8 =51;03>) 1>30BAB2>< 2 B5G5=85 4>;3>2@5<5==>9 A2>59 A;C61K. . @018;8= 8<5; >B @>4C ;5B 70 ?OBL45AOB, => 1K; 1>4@ 8 A8;5= =5 ?> ;5B0<. = 1K; 3>@4, 45@7>: 2 @5G0E 8 ?>ABC?:0E, :0?@875= 8 A2>8< >1E>645=85< G0AB> 70AB02;O; ?;0:0BL B5BCH:C. = 1K; ?>;=K< E>7O8=>< 2 4><5, ?@8AB028; A2>8E A;C3 8 70?@5B8; B5BCH:5 ?@8=8<0BL 3>AB59 157 53> ?>72>;5=8O, :@><5 =5A:>;L:8E ?>68;KE <C7K:0=B>2. @018;8= =5 >B:;8:0;AO, =5 ?>2>@0G820;AO 8 =5 >B25G0;, 5A;8 53> =5 25;8G0;8 ?@52>AE>48B5;LAB2><. !5<5= !5<5=>28G 8 0110B @5B0BC =5 A<5;8 ?>:07K20BLAO 2 =0H5< 4><5, 8 B>;L:> :=O7L '20=>2 5760; ?>-?@56=5<C. "5BCH:0 =07K20;0 53> A2>8< :@5AB=K< ?0?5=L:>9 8 1;03>45B5;5<, 8 @018;8= =5 A<5; ?@>B828BLAO :=O7N, 0 =0?@>B82 B>3>, 2>A?>;L7>20;AO MB8< A;CG05<, GB>1 A25AB8 A =8< B5A=CN 4@C61C. 20 AB0@8:0 ?@>2>48;8 8=>340 2@5<O, B>;:CO > ?>;8B8:5; 0 B5BCH:0 <564C B5< 2KE>48;0 : A>A54:5, A2>59 ?@8OB5;L=8F5, ?>A5;82H59AO 2 4@C3>9 ?>;>28=5 4><0, 345 2A5340 =0E>48;0 !5<5=0 !5<5=>28G0 8;8 :>3> 4@C3>3> 87 ?@56=8E A2>8E 7=0:><KE. >AC40@AB25==K5 45;0, 2 :>B>@KE AB0@8:8 1>;55 =5 CG0AB2>20;8, 4> B0:>9 AB5?5=8 70=8<0;8 8E, GB> >=8, 2 60@C A2>8E A?>@>2 8 ?5@5AC4>2, =5 701>B8;8AL 4065 >1 >BACBAB288 B5BCH:8. 4=0:> 6 A> 2@5<5=8 ?>O2;5=8O @018;8=0 2A5 ?5@5<5=8;>AL 2 4><5 B5BCH:8=><; 4065 <C7K:0;L=K5 25G5@0 @0AAB@>8;8AL, 8 2>>1I5 :0:>5-B> C=K=85 70ABC?8;> <5AB> ?@56=59 25A5;>AB8. A>15==> <=5 1K;> A:CG=>. @018;8= >1E>48;AO A> <=>N 25AL<0 =04<5==>, 5420 C4>AB>820; 273;O4><, 6C@8; 70 :064>5 =5A:@><=>5 A;>2>, 70 :064>5 A2>1>4=>5 42865=85 8 =5 ;N18;, GB>1K O, ?> <>59 ?@82KG:5, 2<5H820;AO 2 @073>2>@K. / 871530; 53> ?@8ACBAB28O 8, ?>4 ?@54;>3>< 70=OB89 2 ?0=A8>=5, ?>GB8 68; C >@>20B8=0. >@>20B8= ?>7=0:><8; <5=O 2 =5A:>;L:8E 4><0E, :C40, 157 40;L=8E A2O759, <5=O ?@83;0H0;8 >1540BL, C68=0BL 8 B0=F520BL. '0I5 4@C38E ?>A5I0; O >4=C :>@>B:CN ?@8OB5;L=8FC >@>20B8=0, C :>B>@>9 1K;0 ?@5:@0A=0O 4>GL. 0B@5=0 20=>2=0 (B>A8=0, 24>2CH:0 ;5B B@84F0B8 ?OB8, 25A5;0O 8 25B@5=0O, ;N18;0 A25BA:85 C4>2>;LAB28O, @0AA5O=85 8 :0@B>G=CN 83@C. =0 8<5;0 4>2>;L=> >1H8@=K9 :@C3 7=0:><AB20 2 A>A;>288 ?>4LOG8E 87 @07=>3> @>40 ?@85768E 42>@O= 87 3C15@=89. C6 55 1K; :0:8<-B> G8=>2=8:>< =0 ?@81K;L=>< <5AB5 8 >AB028; 59, ?>A;5 A2>59 A<5@B8, 4>< 8 ?>@O4>G=>5 A>AB>O=85. # =55 ?>GB8 :064K9 25G5@ A>18@0;>AL <=>65AB2> 3>AB59, <C6G8= 8 65=I8=, 83@0BL 2 :0@BK 8 3>2>@8BL > 45;0E. 0G8=0;8 :><<5@G5A:8<8 83@0<8, 0 :>=G0;8 2A5340 10=:><, HB>A>< 8 :28=B8G5<. @C=O, 55 4>GL, =0 ?OB=04F0B>< 3>4C A;K;0 :@0A028F59. =0 1K;0 704C<G82>3> =@020, ?@>2>48;0 1>;LHCN G0ABL 2@5<5=8 >4=0, 2 A2>59 :><=0B5, 2 GB5=88 GC2AB28B5;L=KE @><0=>2 8 7=0;0 =087CABL "!B@0AB8 <>;>4>3> 5@B5@0" 8 ">2CN -;>87C". / 8<5; A;CG09 @073>20@820BL A =5N 25AL<0 G0AB>, 2 B> 2@5<O :>340 55 <0BCH:0 ?>=B8@>20;0 8;8 70102;O;0AL :28=B8G5<. K 25AL<0 A:>@> ?>4@C68;8AL A @C=5N 8, ?>A;5 =5A:>;L:8E A?>@>2 > <>@0;8 8 D8;>A>D88, A>3;0A8;8AL 7025AB8 <564C A>1>N ?5@5?8A:C > @07=KE D8;>A>DA:8E ?@54<5B0E, 4;O CA>25@H5=AB2>20=8O A51O 2> D@0=FC7A:>< O7K:5 8 2 <C4@>AB8. > <C4@>ABL =5 ;N18B 2<5H820BLAO 2 45;0 N=>H59 A <>;>4K<8 4528F0<8. A:>@5 D8;>A>D8G5A:85 =0H8 ?8AL<0 ?@8=O;8 B>= ?8A5< =56=>3> !5=B-@5 8 <O3:>A5@4=>9 .;88, 8 <K, =5 7=0O, :0: 8 70G5<, >B:@K20;8AL 2 ;N128 4@C3 4@C3C 8 <5GB0;8 > 1C4CI5< =0H5< 1;065=AB25.  07C<55BAO, GB> >@>20B8= 1K; <>8< ?>25@5==K< 2 ;N128. = >1>4@O; <5=O, 2>A?;0<5=OO =5>?KB=>5 <>5 A5@4F5 =045640<8 8 >?8A0=8O<8 AG0ABLO 2;N1;5==KE, 8 A>25B>20;, :0: 25AB8 A51O A @C=5N.  154AB28OE 48BO A:>@> A>7@5205B, 0 <C6 AB0@55B. ">;L:> 2 4>2>;LAB25 8 2 10;>2AB25 N=K9 C< >A;015205B 8 >AB0=02;8205BAO =0 ?>A@54AB25==>AB8. > 48BO, >AB02;5==>5 A0<><C A515, 8;8 ?>38105B 8;8 @0725@BK205B 2A5 =@02AB25==K5 A8;K A =5>1K:=>25==>N 1KAB@>B>9. / C65 A:070;, GB> <5=O A A0<>3> 45BAB20 ?>G8B0;8 C<=K< =5 ?> ;5B0<. $878G5A:>5 <>5 A;>65=85 B0:65 @0725@=C;>AL G@572KG09=> A:>@>, ?@8 2A5E C4>1=>ABOE 687=8, 8 O 2 A5<=04F0BL ;5B :070;AO 4204F0B8;5B=8< N=>H5N. !B@0AB8 A8;L=> :8?5;8 2 4CH5 <>59, BKAOG8 65;0=89 >1C@520;8 <>8 <KA;8, => =8 >4=0 AB@0ABL =5 2;045;0 <=>N 8A:;NG8B5;L=>. =>340, A<>B@O =0 G8=>2=>3> G5;>25:0 2 725740E 8 ;5=B0E 8;8 =0 35=5@0;0 2 1;5ABOI5< <C=48@5, O <CG8;AO =5A:>;L:> 4=59 G5AB>;N185< 8 45;0; ?;0=K, :0: 4>AB83=CBL ?>G5AB59.  4@C3>9 @07, 1;5ABOI89 M:8?06, 1>30B>5 ?;0BL5, 25;8:>;5?=K9 4>< 703;CH0;8 2 A5@4F5 <>5< 3>;>A G5AB>;N18O 8 ?>@>640;8 65;0=85 1>30BAB20: O B><8;AO =04 ?@84C<K20=85< A@54AB2 : A>AB02;5=8N, 2 A:>@59H5< 2@5<5=8, >3@><=>3> A>AB>O=8O. =>340 65;0=85 A;02K 2>;=>20;> <>N 4CHC - 8 O 87>1@5B0; ?@>5:BK, :0: 70AB028BL 3>2>@8BL 8 ?8A0BL >1> <=5 2 F5;>< <8@5. 0:>=5F, 284 ?@5;5AB=>9 65=I8=K, ?@>E06820NI59AO ?>4 @C:C A <C6G8=>N, ?>A520; 2 A5@4F5 <>5< 65;0=85 >1;040BL ?>4>1=K< A>:@>28I5< - 8 O 4C<0; > ;N128 8 > 65=8BL15. !B@0AB8 <>8 A<5=O;8AL 2<5AB5 A ?>;CG05<K<8 <=>N 2?5G0B;5=8O<8, =5 >AB02;OO 2 A5@4F5 =8:0:8E A;54>2. > =0:>=5F 4@C610 <>O A @C=5N, 5654=52=0O ?5@5?8A:0 A =5N 8 G0ABK5 A2840=8O >B:@K;8 <=5 =>2>5 ?>?@8I5 8 ?>3;>B8;8 2A5 ?@>G85 70@>4KH8 AB@0AB59. / AB0@0;AO C25@8BL A51O, GB> O 2;N1;5=, GB> O 4>;65= 1KBL 2;N1;5=, GB> =5 <>3C 1KBL =52;N1;5==K<. @C=O 1K;0 ?@5:@0A=0, C<=0 8;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, 70=8<0B5;L=0 4;O <5=O A2>5N 15A54>9, 2 :>B>@>9 2A?;K20;0 =025@E =0G8B0==>ABL D@0=FC7A:8E @><0=>2. =0 ;N18;0 <5=O, 8 O, 2 <>5< 2>>1@065=88, ?@8102;O; : 55 8AB8==K<, 4>1@K< :0G5AB20< 2A5 2>7<>6=K5 A>25@H5=AB20 8 A>AB028; 8450;, :>B>@K9 <=5 C3>4=> 1K;> =0720BL @C=5N. @8=C640O A51O 4C<0BL > <>59 ;N128, O 15A?@5AB0==> <5GB0; > @C=5 8 2> 2A5E A;CG0OE 8A:0; ?@8<5=5=8O : <>59 AB@0AB8. A;8, 2> 2@5<O <>8E ?@>3C;>:, O A;KH0;, GB> :0:>9-=81C4L O<I8: 8;8 A845;5F 70?>5B ?5A=N: "_G8, <>8 >G8, 2K OA=K5 >G8_!" - O B>BG0A ?@82>48; A515 =0 ?0<OBL B5<=>-3>;C1K5 3;07:8 <>59 @C=8. A;8 O A;KH0;, GB> :B>-=81C4L A:065B > 65=I8=5: "E, :0: >=0 <8;0!" - O 3>2>@8; ?@> A51O: 0 <>O @C=O 3>@074> <8;55! >2>@8;8 ;8 > :><, GB> >= AG0AB;82 A A2>5N 65=>9, - O 4C<0;: 0 O 1C4C 3>@074> AG0AB;8255 A <>5N <8;>N @C=59. 4=8< A;>2><, @C=O 1K;0 C <5=O 15A?@5AB0==> =0 A5@4F5 8 =0 C<5 8 O AB0@0;AO, GB>1 >=0 1K;0 B0:65 ?5@54 <>8<8 3;070<8 8 =0 O7K:5: 4;O MB>3>, 5A;8 O =5 <>3 1KBL A =5N, B> 1K20; 2A5340 A >@>20B8=K<, A :>B>@K< <>3 A<5;> 3>2>@8BL > <>59 ;N128. 0 ?OB=04F0B>< 3>4C 3>@>4A:85 4528FK C65 =5 45B8: @C=O ;N18;0 <5=O 1>;55 A5@4F5<, =565;8 2>>1@065=85<. #< 55 B@C48;AO B>;L:> 2 ?@88A:0=88 4;O <5=O 8<5= @><0=8G5A:8E 35@>52 8 2K@065=89 =56=>AB8. !5@4F5 55 1K;> 70=OB> <=>N 2?>;=5. =0 ?@>2>48;0 =>GL 157 A=0 8 2 A;570E, 5A;8 =5 2845;0 <5=O F5;K9 45=L. >340 O =5 <>3 1KBL C =55, B> 4>;65= 1K;, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, ?@>9B8 <8<> 55 >:>= 8 ?>40BL CA;>2=K9 7=0: @C:>N, GB> O 4>2>;5= 5N 8 ?>;CG8; 55 ?8AL<>. >340 <K 1K20;8 =0548=5, 25;8G09H55 =0H5 =0A;0645=85 A>AB>O;> 2 B><, GB>1 A<>B@5BL 4@C3 4@C3C 2 3;070, 45@60AL 70 @C:8, 8 ?>2B>@OBL BKAOGC @07 A:070==K5 =56=>AB8, :>B>@K5 :070;8AL =0<, 0 ?> :@09=59 <5@5 59, =>2>ABO<8. @C=O ;N18;0 3;048BL A2>5N @CG:>N <>8 ?>;=K5, @C<O=K5 I5:8, 0 O 83@0; 55 <O3:8<8 ;>:>=0<8.  07C<55BAO A0<> A>1>N, GB> O BKAOGC @07 :;O;AO 59 =8 =0 :>< =5 65=8BLAO, :@><5 55; 0 >=0 :;O;0AL =5 2KE>48BL 70<C6 =8 70 :>3>, :@><5 <5=O. > :>340 8 :0: - >1 MB>< <K 2>2A5 =5 4C<0;8. 0< :070;>AL A0<K< >1K:=>25==K< 45;>< >125=G0BLAO 8 7068BL ?@8?520NG8. / A =5B5@?5=85< >6840; ?>72>;5=8O >AB028BL ?>A5I5=8O ?0=A8>=0 8 A1@>A8BL A A51O 720=85 CG5=8:0. 1 MB>< O @5H8;AO ?@>A8BL B5BCH:C. 4=064K, ?>A;5 >1540, :>340 B5BCH:0 :070;0AL 25A5;55 >1K:=>25==>3>, O ?@8ABC?8; : 8A?>;=5=8N <>53> =0<5@5=8O. - N157=0O B5BCH:0! - A:070; O. - K =0?@0A=> ?;0B8B5 70 <5=O 2 ?0=A8>=. / 7=0N =087CABL 2A5, GB> B0< ?@5?>40NB, 8 B>;L:> =0?@0A=> B5@ON 2@5<O, A;CH0O 402=> <=5 8725AB=>5. >-D@0=FC7A:8 O 3>2>@N :0: D@0=FC7, ?>-=5<5F:8 25AL<0 87@O4=>, B0=FCN ;>2:>, 2 8AB>@88, 35>3@0D88 8 4@C38E =0C:0E 7=0N AB>;L:>, A:>;L:> A0<8 CG8B5;O, 0 :@><5 B>3>, ?> <8;>AB8 20H59, E>@>H89 <C7K:0=B. '53> <=5 1>;55 =04>1=>? #G8B5;5< O =5 <>3C 8 =5 E>GC 1KBL, 0 4;O A25BA:>3> G5;>25:0 O 4065 A;8H:>< CG5=. K 7=05B5 AB>;L:> 7=0B=KE 3>A?>4, AB>;L:> 206=KE ;8F: ?5@515@8B5 2A5E 8E 15A?@8AB@0AB=> 8 A:068B5, :B> 87 =8E 7=05B 1>;55 <5=O? 5 ;CGH5 ;8 1C45B, :>340 O AB0=C 4><0 70=8<0BLAO >1@07>20=85< A2>53> C<0 GB5=85<, 0 2<5AB5 A B5< 8A:0BL :0:>3>-=81C4L AG0AB8O A;C61>N 8;8 G5< 20< C3>4=>? >4C<09B5, B5BCH:0 8, ?>60;C9B5, =5 A;CH09B5AL MB>3> <54254O, @018;8=0, :>B>@K9 4;O B>3> B>;L:> A>25BC5B 20< ?>AK;0BL <5=O 2 ?0=A8>=, GB>1 87102;OBLAO >B <>53> ?@8ACBAB28O. - / ?@8<5B8;, GB> B5BCH:0 ?>:@0A=5;0 >B A8E ?>A;54=8E A;>2. - 5;09 :0: E>G5HL, 0=8G:0, - A:070;0 >=0. - / =5 E>GC ?@8=C640BL B51O. / A0<0 286C, GB> BK C<=55 2A5E, :>3> B>;L:> O 7=0N. - B0:, A 702B@0H=53> 4=O :>=5F <>5<C ?>E>4C 2 ?0=A8>=, - A:070; O. - >=5F, - ?>2B>@8;0 B5BCH:0, - B>;L:> =5 =04>1=> 3>2>@8BL >1 MB>< @018;8=C. "K A848 2 A2>59 :><=0B5, :>340 >= 1K205B C <5=O, 8;8 2KE>48 A> 42>@0. - @5:@0A=>! - / 1@>A8;AO F5;>20BL B5BCH:C 8 2 B>B 65 45=L >1JO28; 3-=C 51@8;;8O=C, GB> O C65 =5 AB0=C ?>A5I0BL 53> ?0=A8>=0. 0: 70 <5=O 1K;> 70?;0G5=> 70 ?>;3>40 2?5@54 8 <K =5 B@51>20;8 2>72@0B0 45=53, B> >= 1K; 4>2>;5= 8 40; <=5 B0:>9 25;8:>;5?=K9 0BB5AB0B, =0 >3@><=>< ?5@30<5=B=>< ;8AB5, GB> 5A;8 1 25@8BL ?>;>28=5 B>3>, GB> B0< 1K;> =0?8A0=>, B> <5=O 1K A<5;> <>6=> 1K;> ?@8G8A;8BL : A5<8 <C4@5F0< @5F88. "5BCH:0 8 O 25@8;8 G8AB>A5@45G=> 2A5<C =0?8A0==><C 2 0BB5AB0B5: >=0 - >BB>3>, GB> ;N18;0 <5=O 4> 157C<8O, 0 O - ?>B><C, GB> =5 2AB@5G0; 4> B5E ?>@ G5;>25:0, :>B>@K9 1K 70A;C68; <>5 C2065=85 A2>8<8 ?>7=0=8O<8 8 C<><. '8B0B5;8, 25@>OB=>, C65 70<5B8;8, GB> 4> A8E ?>@ =5 1K;> C?><O=CB> > B><, GB>1 :B>-=81C4L 70=8<0;AO ?@5?>4020=85< <=5 ?@028; 25@K, =@02AB25==>AB8 8 >1@07>20=85< <>53> A5@4F0. / A?5@20 1K; 2 A0<>< =87:>< A>A;>288 ;N459, 0 ?>A;5 B>3> @07>< H03=C; =0 B0:CN AB5?5=L, :>B>@CN 70=8<0NB 2 A25B5 B>;L:> 45B8, @>645==K5 >B 7=0B=KE 8 1>30BKE @>48B5;59.  ?5@2>< A>A;>288 2>2A5 =5 70=8<0NBAO >1@07>20=85< =@02AB25==>9 ?@8@>4K G5;>25:0, 4>2>;LAB2COAL <5E0=8G5A:8< 87CG5=85< 2A5E B5;>42865=89, =C6=KE 4;O ?@8A;C38, B>G=> B0:, :0: >1CG0NB ?C45;59 =>A8BL ?>=>A:C; 2 4@C3>< 720=88 ?5:CBAO 548=AB25==> > B><, GB>1K A45;0BL 87 <0;LG8:0 G5;>25:0, 2> 2A5< ?>E>653> =0 B5E ;N459, :>B>@K5, ?> @>645=8N 8;8 ?> 1>30BAB2C, 8<5NB ?@02> 68BL 2 B0: =07K205<>< 1>;LH>< A25B5.  :0: 2 1;8AB0B5;L=KE >1I5AB20E =5 @073>20@820NB =8 > @5;8388, =8 > D8;>A>D88 8 :0: B0< 2>2A5 =5 70=8<0NBAO =8 CG5=K<8 ;N4L<8, =8 =0C:0<8, =8 ?>2545=85< A2>8E 7=0:><KE, B> D@0=FC7A:89 O7K:, B0=F520=85 8 7=0=85 A25BA:8E ?@8;8G89 A>AB02;ONB 2AN A25BA:CN ?@5<C4@>ABL. 0 MB> B>;L:> ?;0BOB 45=L38 D@0=FC7A:8< =0AB02=8:0<, 8 >=8 45;0NB B>;L:> B>, G53> >B =8E B@51CNB. / B>@65AB25==> ?@87=0N 3-=0 51@8;;8O=0 =8<0;> =528=>2=K< 2 B><, GB> O, :>=G82 2>A?8B0=85 2 53> ?0=A8>=5, =5 8<5; =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O > 4>;6=>ABOE G5;>25:0 8 3@0640=8=0. 1 MB>< =8:B> =5 ?@>A8; 53>, 0 1;03>2>A?8B0==K9 G5;>25: =5 4>;65= =02O7K20BLAO A CA;C30<8, > :>B>@KE 53> =5 ?@>AOB. A?>;=OBL A2>9 4>;3 ?> A>25AB8 5ABL >1K:=>25=85 A@54=53> A>A;>28O, :>B>@>5 2 1>;LH>< A25B5 =07K20NB _4C@=K< >1I5AB2><_, la manvaise comragnic! 420 CA?5; O =0A;048BLAO <>5N A2>1>4>N >:>;> <5AOF0, :0: 3@CABL ><@0G8;0 <>5 A;04:>5 157459AB285. 4=064K 25G5@><, :>340 3-60 (B>A8=0 83@0;0 2 :0@BK, O, ?> >1K:=>25=8N, 8A:0; A;CG0O ?>3>2>@8BL =0548=5 A @C=5N; A;C60=:0, ?@>E>4O <8<> <5=O, H5?=C;0 <=5, GB>1 O ?@>H5; ?@O<> 2 A?0;L=N : 10@KH=5. / 70AB0; @C=N 2 A;570E. =0 A:070;0 <=5, GB> <0BCH:0 55 545B 2<5AB5 A =5N 2 @5=1C@3, 4;O ?>;CG5=8O =0A;54AB20 ?>A;5 42>N@>4=>3> 1@0B0 A2>53> <C60. !59 ?>GB5==K9 1@0B5F 1K; A?5@20 A5:@5B0@5< ?> A>;O=>9 G0AB8, 0 ?>A;5 B>3> ?@8AB02>< ?@8 <5=>2>< B>@35 A :8@387F0<8. = A;K; 2AN 687=L 25AL<0 154=K< G5;>25:>< 8 4065 ?>;CG0; =5A:>;L:> @07 45=56=K5 ?>A>18O >B ?@028B5;LAB20, ?> =54>AB0B>G=><C A>AB>O=8N; => ?>A;5 A<5@B8 53>, :>340 AB0;8 >?5G0BK20BL 53> 8<CI5AB2>, =0H;8 ;><10@4=KE 18;5B>2 8 25:A5;59 1>;55 =565;8 =0 ?>;<8;;8>=0 @C1;59. @8 687=8 53> =5 A;KH=> 1K;> 2>2A5 >1 53> @>4=5, 8 4065 3. (B>A8= >B@5:0;AO >B =53> 2AO:89 @07, :>340 =04>1=> 1K;> ?><>GL 5<C; => ;8HL B>;L:> >B:@K;>AL =0A;54AB2>, B> ?>O28;>AL =5A:>;L:> 4N68= @>4AB25==8:>2, :>B>@K5, 2 ?0<OBL ?>:>9=>3>, 7025;8 <564C A>1>N BO61C. BJ574 3-68 (B>A8=>9 =07=0G5= 1K; G@57 =545;N, 0 2>72@0I5=85 - =0 =5>?@545;5==>5 2@5<O. >?;0:02 2<5AB5, <K ?>2B>@8;8 =0H8 :;OB2K 2 25G=>9 ;N128 8 25@=>AB8 8 A>3;0A8;8AL 2AO:CN ?>GBC ?8A0BL 4@C3 : 4@C3C, ?>:0 O =5 =094C A;CG0O >B?@028BLAO 2 @5=1C@3. / >15I0; MB> @C=5, =5 4C<0O, :0:8< >1@07>< <>3C 8A?>;=8BL. 0 4@C3>9 45=L O @0AA:070; >1> 2A5< 4@C3C <>5<C, >@>20B8=C, :>B>@K9 B>BG0A >15I0; 2> 2A5< ?><>GL <=5 8 4065 >B257BL 2 @5=1C@3, 345, ?> 53> A>25BC, <=5 =04;560;> ?>E8B8BL @C=N, 65=8BLAO =0 =59 8, 2 :0G5AB25 =0A;54=8:0 1>30B>3> :8@387A:>3> ?@8AB020, B@51>20BL A2>59 G0AB8 AC451=K< ?>@O4:><, 5A;8 1 3-60 (B>A8=0 =5 E>B5;0 >B40BL =0< =0A;54AB20 ?> 4>1@>9 2>;5: @C=O, ?> >BFC A2>5<C, 1K;0 =0AB>OI5N =0A;54=8F59. 564C B5< @018;8= 8725AB8;AO AB>@>=>N, GB> O C65 :>=G8; <>5 CG5=85 2 ?0=A8>=5; 8 :0: >= ?@5645 2K3>=O; <5=O 87 4><C 2 :;0AAK, B0: B5?5@L AB0; 3=0BL 2 A;C61C. / 2>7=0<5@8;AO C?>B@518BL >B2@0I5=85 53> :> <=5 2 ?>;L7C A2>N. 0?@0A=> 1K;> 1K >?8AK20BL A;57K, @K40=8O, >1<>@>:8 ?@8 @07;C:5 <>59 A @C=5N. -B> 25I8 A:CG=K5 8 2A5< 8725AB=K5. 8HL B>;L:> >=0 C5E0;0 2 @5=1C@3, O AB0; 8A:0BL A@54AB20 ?>A?5H8BL 70 =5N. >@>20B8=, A60;OAL =04 <>5N 3@CABLN, 2>7=0<5@8;AO =5<54;5==> ?@>2>48BL <5=O : <>59 2>7;N1;5==>9 8 4065 A>25B>20; <=5 >B?@028BLAO 157 ?>72>;5=8O B5BCH:8. > O =5 A>3;0H0;AO =0 MB> 8, G@57 <5AOF ?>A;5 >BJ5740 @C=8, 2K<0=8; A>3;0A85 B5BCH:8 A;54CNI8< >1@07><. - "5BCH:0! - A:070; O. - =5 >15I0NB E>@>H55 <5AB> ?@8 >=5B=>< 42>@5, 2 >A:25. > :0: 4;O MB>3> =04>1=> =5A:>;L:> >?KB=>AB8, B> >48= 87 <>8E 7=0:><KE, A;C60I89 ?> >@=><C ?@02;5=8N, E>G5B 27OBL <5=O A A>1>N 2 @5=1C@3. = ?@>1C45B B0< =5 1>;55 G5BK@5E <5AOF52, 4;O @528788 45;, 8 O 1C4C ?@8 =5< 2 720=88 ?8AL<>2>48B5;O. >72@0BOAL 0 >A:2C, O 1C4C 8<5BL ?@02> B@51>20BL HB0B=>3> <5AB0, 8 <>9 ?>:@>28B5;L @CG05BAO, GB> O B>BG0A 1C4C ?@8=OB 2 A;C61C ?> 53> ?@54AB0B5;LAB2C 8 70 <>8 ?@5420@8B5;L=K5 B@C4K. !>3;0A8B5AL, B5BCH:0! 5 ;CGH5 ;8, GB>1 O >1O70= 1K; AG0AB85< A0<><C A515 8 A2>8< B@C40<, =565;8 20H8< ?@8OB5;O<, :>B>@K5, :065BAO, =5 >G5=L <5=O ;N1OB? K 7=05B5, GB> 157 >D8F5@A:>3> G8=0 <=5 =5;L7O ?>:070BLAO 2 ;N48. "5BCH:0 4>;3> =5 A>3;0H0;0AL @0AAB0BLAO A> <=>N, => :>340 O @0AA:070; 3-=C @018;8=C MBC A:07:C, 2K<KH;5==CN >@>20B8=K<, B> >= ?@8=C48; B5BCH:C >B?CAB8BL <5=O. 48= 87 ?@8OB5;59 >@>20B8=0 27O;AO AK3@0BL ?5@54 B5BCH:>N @>;L G8=>2=8:0 >@=>3> ?@02;5=8O 8 C1548; 55 ?>25@8BL <5=O 53> ?>?5G5=8N, >15I0O 2A5 2>7<>6=K5 2K3>4K ?> A;C615. "5BCH:0 A=0@O48;0 <5=O 2 4>@>3C 8 ?>@O4>G=> =0?>;=8;0 <>9 1C<06=8:. 065 @018;8= ?>40@8; <=5 ?OBL45AOB @C1;59 A5@51@><. >1@K9 AB0@8G8H:0, :=O7L '20=>2, :>B>@K9 87 ?@82KG:8, A45;02H59AO =58AF5;8<>N, 5748; ?>GB8 5654=52=> : B5BCH:5, B0:65 40; <=5 45=53 8 @5:><5=40B5;L=>5 ?8AL<> : 3C15@=0B>@C. @>AB82H8AL A B5BCH:>N, O A5; 2 :>;OA:C A ?@8OB5;5< >@>20B8=0, 0 >= A0< >6840; =0A 70 70AB02>N. / 1K; B>G=> :0: 2 3>@OG:5 >B 1>@5=8O ?@>B82>?>;>6=KE GC2AB2>20=89, ;N128 : B5BCH:5, A>60;5=8O 8 3@CAB8, GB> >AB02;ON 55, 8 @04>AB=>9 =04564K =0 A2840=85 A @C=5N, =0 65=8BL1C, ?@8>1@5B5=85 1>30BAB20 8 =57028A8<>AB8.  0AA5O==>ABL 4>@>38 =5A:>;L:> CA?>:>8;0 <5=O; => O =52>;L=> 2A5340 4C<0; 1>;55 > B5BCH:5, =565;8 > @C=5.  XI / #.  '  ". !#(+   .  '#!"/. "-!  - !:>;L:> C B51O 45=53? - A?@>A8; <5=O >@>20B8= =0 ?5@2>9 AB0=F88. - !B> ?OBL45AOB @C1;59 A5@51@><. - @5:@0A=K9 :0?8B0;5F! - 2>A:;8:=C; >@>20B8=. -  B2>8 ;5B0 =5<=>385 8<5NB AB>;L:> 45=53 2 @C:0E. "K 1>30G5 <5=O, 0=O. !?@0254;82>ABL B@51C5B, GB>1K BK ?;0B8; 70 ?>;>28=C ?CB52KE 8745@65:. - / 8=0G5 8 =5 4C<0;, - >B25G0; O, - 8 E>B5; @0AAG8B0BLAO A 20<8 ?> ?@85745 =0 <5AB>. - -B> 2A5 @02=>, - A:070; >@>20B8=, - => :0: BK 5I5 =5 ?@82K: >1@0I0BLAO A 45=L30<8, B> >B409 8E <=5, =0 A>E@0=5=85. - =8, :065BAO, ;560B 157>?0A=> 2 <>5< G5<>40=5. - =8 ;CGH5 1C4CB ;560BL 2 <>5< AC=4C:5, ?>4 70<:><, - 2>7@078; >@>20B8=. - 0: 20< C3>4=>! - A:070; O 8 B>BG0A >B40; 5<C <>8 45=L38, >AB0282 A515 =5A:>;L:> A5@51@O=KE @C1;59, =0 <5;>G=K5 8745@6:8. 5A:>;L:> AB0=F89 >@>20B8= 1K; <>;G0;82 8 704C<G82; =0:>=5F >= 7025; @073>2>@ A0<K< 206=K< 8 E>;>4=K< B>=><. - 5C65;8 B5BCH:0 =5 3>2>@8;0 B515 =8:>340 > B2>5< >BF5? - A?@>A8; >@>20B8=, CAB@5<82 =0 <5=O ?@>=8F0B5;L=K9 273;O4. - 8G53>, :@><5 B>3>, GB> O 20< A:070;. - !B@0==>, >G5=L AB@0==>! - ?@>2>@G0; >@>20B8=. - / =5 286C =8 <0;59H59 AB@0==>AB8, - A:070; O. - A;8 1 2 687=8 <>53> ?>:>9=>3> >BF0 1K;> GB>-=81C4L ;N1>?KB=>5, B> B5BCH:0, 25@=>, @0AA:070;0 1K <=5. 5 7=05B5 ;8 2K G53>-=81C4L? - ?@8<>;28; O, A<>B@O B0:65 2 3;070 >@>20-B8=C. - K >G5=L >1O65B5 <5=O, 5A;8 A:065B5 GB>-=81C4L =0 MB>B AG5B. -  <=5 ?>G5<C 7=0BL! - >B25G0; ACE> >@>20B8=. - A;8 MB> B0: <0;> 20A 15A?>:>8B, B> 70G5< 65 MB0 =54>25@G82>ABL? - "K 5I5 =5 7=05HL 65=A:8E C;>2>: 8 E8B@>AB59, - A:070; >@>20B8=. - >340 ?>B5@?8HL >B =8E, B>340 1C45HL : =8< =54>25@G82. - / =5 8<5N =8 <0;59H59 ?@8G8=K =5 4>25@OBL <>59 B5BCH:5, :>B>@0O ;N18B <5=O :0: @>4=>3> AK=0, A45;0;0 4;O <5=O 2A5, GB> B>;L:> 1K;0 2 A>AB>O=88 A45;0BL, 8 3>B>20 2A5< 4;O <5=O 65@B2>20BL. - >B 2 B><-B> 8 A8;0, - 2>7@078; >@>20B8=. -  B@C4=> 25@8BL, GB>1 B5BCH:0 B2>O, ;N1O B51O, =8:>340 =5 3>2>@8;0 B515 > A>AB>O=88 B2>53> >BF0, > 1C4CI8E =045640E 8 @07=KE ?@8:;NG5=8OE. - %>BO 2K 8 4020;8 <=5 A>25BK, GB>1 O =5 1K; =8:>340 8A:@5=5=, => O 5I5 =5 =0CG8;AO A;54>20BL 2 B>G=>AB8 20H8< =0AB02;5=8O<, - A:070; O A =5:>B>@>N 4>A04>9. - >2B>@ON: > A>AB>O=88 <>53> ?>:>9=>3> >BF0, >1 53> ?@>8AE>645=88 B5BCH:0 A:070;0 <=5 2A5, GB> ?>G;0 =C6=K<, 0 ?@8:;NG5=8O 53>, 284=>, =570=8<0B5;L=K, :>340 >=0 >1 =8E C<>;G0;0. ?@>G5<, O, 2>72@0B8AL 2 >A:2C, @0AA?@>HC 55 ?>4@>1=55 >1 MB>< ?@54<5B5, :>B>@K9 4> A8E ?>@ ?>G8B0; <0;>206=K<. - "5?5@L ?>74=>, - A:070; >@>20B8=, A ?@8B2>@=>N C;K1:>9. - >G5<C 65 ?>74=>? - A?@>A8; O. >@>20B8= 24@C3 70A<5O;AO :0:8<-B> C60A=K< A<5E>< 8 A:070;: - >6825< - C2848<! - = >1@0B8; @073>2>@ =0 4@C385 ?@54<5BK 8 AB0@0;AO <5=O @0AA5OBL; => C <5=O =0;53;0 3@CABL =0 A5@4F5: O 1K; ?5G0;5= 8 <>;G0;82. ! MB8E ?>@ 4>25@5==>ABL <>O : >@>20B8=C 8AG57;0 8 O AB0; >?0A0BLAO, GB>1 >= =5 ?>2@548; <=5 C @C=8, @0AA:0702, G5< O 1K; ?@5645. =, >4=0:> 6, AB0; ?>-?@56=5<C :> <=5 ;0A:0BLAO 8 >1>;LI0BL =045640<8 =0AG5B 65=8BL1K 8 ?@8>1@5B5=8O 1>30BAB20. K >AB0=>28;8AL =>G520BL =0 ?>GB>2>< 42>@5, 2 >4=>< =51>;LH>< 3>@>4:5.  25G5@C ?@85E0; =0 ?5@5:;04=KE :0:>9-B> G5;>25: A@54=8E ;5B 8 >AB0=>28;AO B0:65 =0 =>G;53. / ?@8<5B8; 87 >:=0, GB> >@>20B8= D0<8;LO@=> ?>74>@>20;AO A =>2>?@85768<, :>B>@K9, >4=0:> 6, =01;N40; ?>4G8=5==>ABL 2 >1@0I5=88 A =8< 8 =5 ?@5645 =045; :0@BC7, :0: >@>20B8= 25;5; 5<C =0:@KBLAO. =8 >B>H;8 70 C3>; 4><0, : AB5=5, 345 =5 1K;> >:>=, 8 AB0;8 <564C A>1>N @073>20@820BL; => :0: 25B5@ 1K; A B>9 AB>@>=K, B> O, ?5@5H54 2 C3>;L=CN :><=0BC, A;KH0; G0ABL 8E @073>2>@0. - "K A;8H:>< ?>B>@>?8;AO, 0D=CBL8G, - A:070; >@>20B8=. - 04>1=> 1K;> 1K ?>4>640BL, ?>:0 O >1682CAL =0 <5AB5 8 >14C<0N A?>A>1K. 54L =5;L7O 6 :0<5=L =0 H5N 40 2 2>4C. - #6 MB> =5 <>5 45;>, :0: A1KBL 53> A @C:, - >B25G0; =>2>?@857689, - => 3@0D8=O =5 4020;0 <=5 ?>:>N 8 =0A8;L=> 2K3=0;0 2 4>@>3C. >2>@OB, GB> 3@0D 2>72@0I05BAO 2 >A:2C... "CB 25B5@ ?@8E;>?=C; 2>@>B0, 8 O >B A:@8?0 8 ABC:0 =5 A;KE0; :>=F0 @5G8. - 8=>20B ;8 O, - A:070; >@>20B8=, - GB> 3@0D8=O =5 E>G5B A?@>2048BL 53> A MB>3> A25B0? #6 345 B>;L:> A>25ABL 70<5H05BAO 2 45;0... 72>7G8:, 1K2H89 =0 42>@5, :;8:=C; 3@><:> A2>53> B>20@8I0, 8 O A=>20 =5 4>A;KH0; :>=F0 @5G8 >@>20B8=0. >A;5 B>3> =57=0:><5F A:070;: - =5 25;5=> >AB0BLAO ?@8 20A 4> :>=F0 45;0, ?><>30BL 20< 2> 2A5< 8 ?>A;5 =5<54;5==> 2>72@0B8BLAO : 3@0D8=5, 2 ?>4<>A:>2=CN... @8 A8E A;>20E >@>20B8= 8 =57=0:><5F 2KH;8 70 2>@>B0, 0 O >AB0;AO C >:=0 2 =54>C<5=88 8 15A?>:>9AB25 =0AG5B A;KH0==>3>. 5;L7O 1K;> A><=520BLAO, GB> >@>20B8= 70<KH;O5B :0:>5-B> 7;>459AB2>, 8 O, 7=0O >1@07 53> <KA;59, 1K; C25@5=, GB> =8 AB@0E >689, =8 A>25ABL =5 C45@60B 53> >B ?@5ABC?;5=8O. > :B> MB0 =5AG0AB=0O 65@B20, =0 ?>3815;L :>B>@>9 A>AB02;5= 703>2>@? 0:0O MB> 3@0D8=O, :>B>@0O A =5B5@?5=85< >68405B 8725AB8O > =5AG0AB88 1;86=53>? B> MB>B 3@0D? B> B0:>2 =>2>?@857689? -B0 B09=0, 2 :>B>@>9 O ?@54CA<0B@820; GLN-B> ?>3815;L, B5@70;0 <5=O. / GC2AB2>20;, GB> =0?@0A=> 1K;> 1K A?@0H820BL >@>20B8=0 8 A:070BL 5<C, GB> O ?>4A;CH0; G0ABL @073>2>@0 53> A =57=0:><F5<. / 4065 >?0A0;AO, GB>1 >B:@KB85< 53> 70<KA;>2 =5 =02;5GL =0 A51O 53> 3=520 8 4065 <I5=8O; 8B0:, O @5H8;AO <>;G0BL, =01;N40BL 8, 5A;8 1C45B 2>7<>6=>ABL, 2>A?@5?OBAB2>20BL 8A?>;=5=8N 7;>3> =0<5@5=8O. CG8<K9 A8<8 <KA;O<8, O ?@>E06820;AO ?> :><=0B5 2 A8;L=>< 4CH52=>< 2>;=5=88. !5@4F5 <>5 A8;L=> 18;>AL, 3>;>20 :070;0AL BO65;>N, 2> @BC 1K;> ACE>. / ?>H5; 2 :><=0BC AB0=F8>==>3> A<>B@8B5;O, GB>1 =0?8BLAO 2>4K, 8 A;CG09=> C2845; ?>4>@>6=NN =>2>?@857653>. 7 =55 C7=0; O, GB> A>>1I=8: >@>20B8=0 :>;><5=A:89 <5I0=8=, @>E>@ >6>2, 8 GB> >= 545B 87 >A:2K 2 @5=1C@3. ;O @0AA5O=LO ?>H5; O ?@>3C;OBLAO ?> 3>@>4C. > 2 =0H8E 70HB0B=KE 3>@>40E <0;> @072;5G5=8O 4;O ?CB5H5AB25==8:0. >B GB> 2845; O, 1@>4O 87 :>=F0 2 :>=5F, ?> <>AB:0<: >1>@20==K5 <0;LG8H:8, 3>;>4=K5 A>10:8, @>30BK9 A:>B 8 4><0H=85 ?B8FK 4@C6=> B>?B0;8 3@O7L =0 A@548=5 C;8FK. !B0@CE8, ?>4602 @C:8, AB>O;8 C 2>@>B 1@525=G0BKE 4><>2 8 >3>20@820;8 A>A54>: 8;8 ?5@51@0=820;8AL <564C A>1>N. 7@>A;K5 <C6G8=K B>;?8;8AL ?5@54 ?8B59=K< 4><><, 345 70A540;8 AB0@8:8, 0 N=>H8 A 10;0;09:0<8 8 20@30=0<8 @0AE06820;8 ?5@54 >:=0<8, 87 :>B>@KE 2K3;O4K20;8 8=>340 <8;5=L:85 65=A:85 ;8G8:8.  =5A:>;L:8E <5AB0E A;KH=K 1K;8 72C:8 70C=K2=KE ?5A5=, 8, 4;O >682;5=8O :0@B8=K, 2 42CE <5AB0E A<8@5==K5 3@0640=5 BO30;8AL 70 2>;>AK, 2 :@C3C 4>1@KE A>A5459 8 ?@8OB5;59, 0 =5A:>;L:8E ?>GB5==KE 8 G04>;N182KE >BF>2 A5<59AB20, C?8B0==KE 1;03>A;>25==K<8 40@0<8 >B:C?I8:>2, 25;8 ?>4 @C:8 4N685 ?0@=8, @0A?520O ?;OA>2K5 ?5A=8. -B> 1K; ?@074=8G=K9 25G5@. >@>4 1K; =5 GB> 8=>5, :0: >1H8@=>5 G5B25@>C3>;L=>5 ?@>AB@0=AB2>, >1=5A5==>5 ?>;C@07@CH82H8<AO ?;5B=5<; B@8 G5B25@B8 >3>@>65==>9 75<;8 70=OBK 1K;8 2K3>=><.  A5@548=5 2A53> >1J5<0 ;560;0 H8@>:0O C;8F0, 8;8, ;CGH5 A:070BL, ?>GB>20O 4>@>30: ?> >158< AB>@>=0< 55, 70 @20<8, 2KAB@>5=K 1K;8 =51>;LH85 45@52O==K5 4><8:8 8 ;0GC38. ?@02> 8 2;52> 1K;> =5A:>;L:> C;8F A> 2@>AH8<8 2 75<;N 871CH:0<8 8 1>;LH8<8 ?CABK<8 ?@><56CB:0<8, A @0720;8=0<8 ?;5B=59 8 701>@>2.  A5@548=5 =0E>48;0AL ?;>I04L, =0 :>B>@>9 2>72KH0;0AL :0<5==0O F5@:>2L 8 ?>;C@07@CH5==>5 :8@?8G=>5 740=85, 345 =5:>340 ?@54?>;0305<> 1K;> ?><5AB8BL AC451=K5 <5AB0. 0 1C<035 MB>B 3>@>4 70=8<0; 25AL<0 <=>3> <5AB0, 8 2A5 C;8FK, >7=0G5==K5 2 =0BC@5 27@KB>N 75<;5N 8 A;54>< 1K2H8E @2>2, ?@54AB02;O;8 =0 ?;0=5 ?@5:@0A=CN ?5@A?5:B82C. 0;L B>;L:>, GB> :CG8 =02>70 8 @071@>A0==K5 2 15A?>@O4:5 3@O4K 70<5=O;8 <5AB> 1>;LH59 G0AB8 4><>2, ?@5:@0A=> =0@8A>20==KE 3C15@=A:8< 0@E8B5:B>@><. '8B0B5;8 <>8, :>=5G=>, 2840;8 <=>3> B0:8E 3>@>4>2. > :0: 8<5=0 8E ACI5AB2CNB =0 ;0=4:0@B0E 8 =0 ?;0=0E, E@0=OI8EAO 2 <5652KE :>=B>@0E, 8 :0: <5AB0 4;O AB@>5=8O 4><>2 >7=0G5=K, 8 4065 D0A04K ?@84C<0=K: B> :065BAO, GB> ?>;>28=0 45;0 C65 A45;0=0. ?@>G5<, =8:B> =5 28=>20B: G5;>25: ?@54?>;0305B, >3 @0A?>;0305B (1'homme propose Dien dispose)! >@>40 B0: 65 =52>7<>6=> A45;0BL <=>3>;N4=K<, 157 >A>15==KE <5AB=KE 2K3>4, :0: ?@>872>;L=> CAB0=>28BL 25:A5;L=K9 :C@A. >72@0I0OAL =0 ?>GB>2K9 42>@, O 70AB0; >@>20B8=0 2 25AL<0 25A5;>< @0A?>;>65=88 4CE0. = 4>6840;AO <5=O : C68=C 8 <564C B5<, ?>BG520O 2>4:>N A<>B@8B5;O, @0AA?@0H820; 53> ?@> 68BL5-1KBL5 :064>3> 87 >:@5AB=KE ?><5I8:>2, >1 C574=KE G8=>2=8:0E 8 >1> 2A5E ?@>28=F80;L=KE =>2>ABOE. -B> 45;0; >@>20B8= =0 :064>9 AB0=F88 8, ?>25@OO A;>20 A<>B@8B5;59 A @0AA:070<8 O<I8:>2 8 A>45@60B5;59 ?8B59=KE 8 ?>AB>O;KE 42>@>2 =0 1>;LH>9 4>@>35, A>AB02;O; 87 MB>3> A2>8 70<5G0=8O 8 70?8AK20; 2 A2>N ?0<OB=CN :=86:C. >340 O >4=064K A?@>A8; 53> > ?@8G8=5 A53> ;N1>?KBAB20, >@>20B8= >B25G0; E;04=>:@>2=>: - >G5<C 7=0BL, A :5< ?@845BAO 8<5BL 45;> 2 687=8! > :>340 7=05HL >1@07 <KA;59 8 ?>ABC?:8 <=>38E ;N459, B> ?@8 A;CG05 <>6=> C?>B@518BL MB> 2 A2>N ?>;L7C. / ?>G8B0N ;N459 0?B5:0@A:8<8 <0B5@80;0<8, :>B>@KE A2>9AB20 =04>1=> 7=0BL, GB>1 ?>;L7>20BLAO 8<8.  A25BA:>< 1KBC, B0: :0: 2 M:>=><88 ?@8@>4K, =8GB> =5 ?@>?0405B, 5A;8 C<=K9 G5;>25: 7=05B, :0: C?>B@518BL @07;8G=K5 :0G5AB20 8 AB@0AB8 ;N459. /4 2 @C:0E <C4@>3> A;C68B : 8AF5;5=8N =54C30, 8 25;8G09H89 ?;CB 8;8 3;C?5F B0:65 <>65B 1KBL 8=>340 ?>;575= C<=><C 2 53> 45;0E. - >@>20B8=, A:0702 <=5 MB>, :>=G8;, ?> A2>5<C >1K:=>25=8N, A<5E><, ?@8<>;282: - 0?8H8, 0=O, MB> =@02>CG5=85 2 A2>5< :0;5=40@5. -B> >4=> 87 206=KE ?@028; <>59 D8;>A>DA:>9 H:>;K. - / B>340 ?@8=O; MB> 70 HCB:C, => ?>A;5 ?>4A;CH0==>3> <=>N @073>2>@0 @0AA?@>AK >@>20B8=0 ?@>872>48;8 2> <=5 =5?@8OB=K5 2?5G0B;5=8O; 81> O 7=0;, GB> >=8 <>3CB :;>=8BLAO : :0:>9-=81C4L 2@54=>9 F5;8. ABL ;N48, :>B>@K5 4C<0NB, GB> 3@CABL <>6=> CB>?8BL 2 28=5. / =5 8A?KB0; MB>3> =0 A515 2 B5G5=85 687=8.  ?5@2K9 @07 O E>B5; ?@>B82C 2>;8 5ABL 8 ?8BL, => 28=> :070;>AL <=5 65;GLN, 0 ?8I0 1572:CA=>N 8 BO65;>N :0: :0<5=L. @>=8F0B5;L=K9 >@>20B8= ?@8<5B8;, GB> O =5 2 A2>5< 4CE5, => =5 >B3040; ?@8G8=K. - =5 :065BAO, GB> BK 3=5205HLAO =0 <5=O, K6838=? - A:070; >=. / <>;G0;. - 5C65;8 2>?@>A <>9 > B2>5< >BF5 <>3 >?5G0;8BL B51O 4> B0:>9 AB5?5=8? - ?@8<>;28; >=. - 5 2>?@>A, => =54>25@G82>ABL 20H0 <=5 25AL<0 =5?@8OB=0, - >B25G0; O. - B0:, 8728=8, ;N157=59H89! - 2>A:;8:=C; >@>20B8=, >1=8<0O <5=O. - 5@L, GB> O @0AA?@0H820; B51O 548=AB25==> 87 ;N128 : B515. =5 A:070;8 2 >A:25, 1C4B> ?>A;5 >BF0 B2>53> >AB0;>AL 8<5=L5, 1C4B> B5BCH:0 ?@8A2>8;0 53> A515 8 >3 25ABL GB>, 8 O E>B5; B>;L:> 2K2540BL, 7=05HL ;8 BK >1 MB><. -  B0:>< A;CG05 =04;560;> 1K A>>1I8BL <=5 20H8 A><=5=8O, 157 >18=O:>2.  074C<02 E>@>H5=L:>, O A0< GC2AB2CN, GB> 2 <>59 :@0B:>9 687=8 25AL<0 <=>3> =5?>=OB=>3>. >65B ;8 1KBL GB> AB@0==55, =0?@8<5@, :0: B>, GB> 42>@O=A:89 AK= 1K; 1@>H5=, :0: :>B5=>:, =0 ?@>872>; AC4L1K, 2 8<5=88 >;>3>@4>2A:>3> 8 GB> =8:B> =5 >BKA:820; 53> 8 =5 701>B8;AO >1 =5<, 4> A;CG09=>9 2AB@5G8 A B5BCH:>N? > GB>1 MB> A45;0=> 1K;> 4;O ;8H5=8O <5=O 1>30BAB20, MB><C O =5 <>3C 25@8BL, ?>;CG82 AB>;L:> 4>:070B5;LAB2 ;N128 B5BCH:8. =0 3>B>20 >B40BL 70 <5=O 687=L A2>N, =5 B>;L:> 2A5, GB> 8<55B, 8 5A;8 1 2K3>40 55 A>AB>O;0 2 B><, GB>1 O =5 7=0; <>8E @>4AB25==8:>2, B> >=0 =8:>340 1K =5 ?@87=0;0AL :> <=5. - "K @0AAC6405HL, :0: :=830, - >B25G0; >@>20B8=, - => O AB>;L:> 8A?KB0; 2 687=8, GB> ?@82K: =8G5<C =5 25@8BL, :@><5 4C@=>3>. - !>60;5N >1 20A, - A:070; O, - 8 65;0; 1K >B40;8BL >B A51O M?>EC MB>9 3>@L:>9 >?KB=>AB8. - !>3;0A8AL, >4=0:> 6, - ?@8<>;28; >@>20B8=, - GB> 25AL<0 C4828B5;L=> 8;8, ;CGH5 A:070BL, =5?>AB868<>, GB> B5BCH:0 C7=0;0 B51O 2 <03078=5, =5 28402 >B ?5;5=>:! - 5 A?>@N, GB> MB> 4>;6=> :070BLAO 20< C4828B5;L=K<, => >BB>3> B>;L:>, GB> O =5 >1JOA=8; 20< 2A5E >1AB>OB5;LAB2. # B5BCH:8 <>59 5ABL 420 25AL<0 AE>685 ?>@B@5B0 <>53> >BF0: >48=, ?8A0==K9 2 53> 45BAB25, 8<5==> 2 B>< 2>7@0AB5, 2 :>B>@>< >=0 2AB@5B8;0 <5=O 2 <03078=5; 4@C3>9, =0 25-< 3>4C >B @>645=8O, 2 3>4 53> 65=8BL1K =0 <>59 ?>:>9=>9 <0BCH:5. / 2845; MB8 ?>@B@5BK 8 ?@87=0NAL, GB> B0:>3> AE>4AB20, :0: <564C <=>N 8 >BF>< <>8<, B@C4=> =09B8 2 F5;>< <8@5. 45AL 4065 425 :0?;8 2>4K =54>AB0B>G=K 4;O A@02=5=8O. "5BCH:0 3>2>@8B, GB>, :@><5 B>3>, 3>;>A <>9, ?>E>4:0, C;K1:0 8 4065 2A5 CE20B:8 45=L >B> 4=O AB0=>2OBAO 1>;55 8 1>;55 AE>4=K<8 A >BF>2A:8<8 8 GB> :B> @07 2 687=8 2845; <>53> >BF0 2 <>;>4>AB8 8;8 =0 ?>@B@5B5, B>B A ?5@2>3> 273;O40 C7=05B 2> <=5 53> AK=0. B0:, 2848B5, GB> =8<0;> =5 C4828B5;L=>, :>340 B5BCH:0, 8<5O 2A5340 =0 BC0;5B5 MB8 420 ?>@B@5B0 8 @0AA<0B@820O 8E 5654=52=>, ?>@065=0 1K;0 AE>4AB2>< <>8< A >BF>< ?@8 ?5@2>9 2AB@5G5 8 GB>, 7=0O <>N ?@8<5BC, C4>AB>25@8;0AL, GB> O B>G=> 55 ?;5<O==8:. 04>1=> 1>;55 C482;OBLAO <>59 25B@5=>AB8 8 157701>B=>AB8, GB> <=5 =8:>340 =5 ?@8H;> 2 3>;>2C @0AA?@0H820BL B5BCH:C > <>8E @>48B5;OE. >@>20B8= A;CH0; <5=O 2=8<0B5;L=>, ?@8AB0;L=> A<>B@5; <=5 2 3;070 8 ?>3@C78;AO 2 @07<KH;5=85. 0:>=5F >= 2AB0; 87-70 AB>;0 8 A:070;: - >;=> 3>2>@8BL >1 MB><. 5;> :>=G5=>; B5?5@L ?>@0 A?0BL. >;3> O =5 <>3 A><:=CBL 3;07. / 2 ?5@2K9 @07 AB0; @0A:0820BLAO 2 B><, GB> >1<0=C; B5BCH:C, GB> ;53:><KA;5==> 274C<0; 2;N18BLAO 2 @C=N, GB> ?CAB8;AO 2 >B40;5==K9 3>@>4 8A:0BL ;N1>2=KE ?@8:;NG5=89 8 A2O70;AO A 157=@02AB25==K< G5;>25:><.  0AAC4>: <>6=> C?>4>18BL A>;=FC, 0 AB@0AB8 ?>60@C. '5;>25:, =0E>4OAL 2 4><5, >1JOB>< ?;0<5=5< 8 =0?>;=5==>< 4K<><, =5 2848B A>;=F0. > :>340 ?>60@ CB8E=5B, B>340 1;03>45B5;L=>5 A8O=85 4=52=>3> A25B8;0 ?@8OB=55 8 >ICB8B5;L=55.  0AAC4>: 703>2>@8; 2> <=5, 8 O ?>GC2AB2>20;, GB> ?>ABC?:8 <>8 4>;6=K 2>2;5GL <5=O 2 =5?@8OB=K5 >1AB>OB5;LAB20, >A>15==> 2 >1I5AB25 >@>20B8=0. / @5H8;AO 2>72@0B8BLAO 2 >A:2C ?@8 ?5@2>< A;CG05, >?@545;8BLAO =0 A;C61C, 1KBL >AB>@>6=55 2 2K1>@5 7=0:><AB2 8 =8:>340 1>;55 =5 2;N1;OBLAO, 0 3;02=>5 - >B2O70BLAO =02A5340 >B >@>20B8=0. "0: >1K:=>25==> <K 2 4C@=KE >1AB>OB5;LAB20E A>AB02;O5< <C4@K5 ?@>5:BK, :>B>@K5 701K20NBAO, :>340 1540 8;8 >?0A=>ABL ?@>E>48B. / =5 AC525@5=, => =5:>B>@K5 ?@54@0AAC4:8 (5A;8 8E <>6=> =0720BL ?@54@0AAC4:0<8) A8;L=> C:>@5=8;8AL 2> <=5, 8 =8 ;5B0, =8 >?KB=>ABL, =8 @0AAC4>: =5 <>3CB 8AB@518BL 8E. ;02=K5 87 =8E: 25@0 2 ?@54GC2AB28O 8 2 D878>=><8G5A:85 ?@8<5BK. -B>B 45=L 1K; ?5@2K< 2 687=8 <>59, A :>B>@>3> O =0G0; 25@8BL 2 MB8, B0: =07K205<K5, ?@54@0AAC4:8. >B 2 :0:>< A>AB>O=88 1K20; O 2A5340, :>340 :0:>5-=81C4L =5AG0AB85 <=5 C3@>60;>. !5@4F5 <>5 18;>AL A8;L=55 >1K:=>25==>3>, =K;>, :0: 1C4B> 1K =0 =5< 1K;0 @0=0; :@>2L =5?@028;L=> ?5@5;820;0AL 2 68;0E 8, 4>E>4O 4> A5@4F0, ?@>872>48;0 >ICI5=85 =5?@8OB=>5. A5, GB> B>;L:> O 2845; 8 8A?KB0; 3>@L:>3> 2 687=8, ?@54AB02;O;>AL B>340 <>5<C 2>>1@065=8N, 8 2 A<5H5=88 >1@07>20;> :0:CN-B> <@0G=CN :0@B8=C 2 1C4CI5<.  MB>9 :0@B8=5 O 2A5340 ?@54AB02;O; A0<>5 =5AG0AB=>5 ;8F>. !>= <>9 1K; 15A?>:>9=K9, B@52>68<K9 A0<K<8 C60A=K<8 A=>2845=8O<8. 0:0O-B> A;01>ABL B5;0 A>?@>2>640;0 MB>B =54C3 4CH52=K9, 8 :064K9 ?@>=8F0B5;L=K9 273;O4 =0 <5=O, :064K9 2>?@>A 2>71C640;8 2> <=5 ?>4>7@5=85; :064K9 ABC: 8;8 4065 3@><:>5 2>A:;8F0=85, :064>5 ?>O2;5=85 =>2>3>, =5>6840==>3> ;8F0 ?>@>640;8 <3=>25==K9 AB@0E. N48, A0<K5 1;87:85 :> <=5, 2 ;N128 8 4@C615 :>8E O =8:>340 =5 A><=520;AO, 1K;8 <=5 B>340 =5A=>A=K<8. ! :064K< <3=>25=85< O >6840; C40@0 AC4L1K, :0: >AC645==K9 ?@5ABC?=8: :07=8, 8, ?@87=0NAL, @54:> A;CG0;>AL, GB>1K ?>A;5 B0:>3> A>AB>O=8O 4CH8 <>59 O =5 2?040; 2 :0:>5-;81> =5AG0AB85 8;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, =5 ?>425@30;AO =5?@8OB=>AB8. 'B> 65 :0A05BAO 4> D878>=><89, B> O ?5@2K9 C@>: ?>G5@?=C; 2 G5@B0E >@>20B8=0, :>B>@>3> AB0; =01;N40BL A MB>3> 4=O A 25;8G09H8< 2=8<0=85<, 2725H820BL 2A5 53> A;>20 8 ?>ABC?:8 8 2A<0B@820BLAO 2 G5@BK 53> ;8F0. ! B5E ?>@ O =5 <>3 ?@5>4>;5BL A51O 2> 2AN <>N 687=L, GB>1K =5 AC48BL > ;N4OE ?> 2?5G0B;5=8N, ?@>872545==><C 2> <=5 ?@8 ?5@2>9 2AB@5G5. ?>A;54AB288 O G8B0; A>G8=5=8O 0D0B5@0 8 5;0?>@B0 > D878>=><8OE, => 2A5340 45@6CAL A2>59 A>1AB25==>9 A8AB5<K 8 AC6C =5 ?> G5@B0< ;8F0, =>, B0: A:070BL, ?> 83@5 D878>=><88 8 ?> ?@85<0<. A;8 G5;>25: A<>B@8B =0 <5=O 8A?>4;>1LO 8;8 2>2A5 =5 A<>B@8B 2 3;070, :>340 3>2>@8B, 5A;8 >= ?@>F568205B A;>20 A:2>7L 7C1K 8 >14C<0==> A>G8=O5B @5G5=8O 2> 2@5<O @073>2>@0; 5A;8 >= @073>20@8205B A> <=>N 2>?@>A0<8 8, 2A5340 B@51CO <>53> <=5=8O, 157<>;2=> A>3;0H05BAO A> <=>N 8;8 4;O B>3> B>;L:> ?@>B82>@5G8B, GB>1K 70AB028BL <5=O ?>;=55 87JOA=8BLAO, - ?@87=0NAL, O =5 25@N MB><C G5;>25:C. @8=C645==0O C;K1:0 8 ;>6=K9 A<5E A;C60B 4;O <5=O C:070B5;O<8 =58A:@5==>AB8. @8<0AK, 45;05<K5 =52>;L=> @B><, 15A?@5AB0==>5 42865=85 3C1 8 70:CAK20=85 8E 4;O <5=O 4C@=0O ?@8<5B0. 5@>2=0O ?>E>4:0, 2 :>B>@>9 284=K :0:85-B> ;8AL8 C25@B:8, A60B85 2A53> B5;0 : >4=><C F5=B@C 8;8 A3>@1;5=85, =0?>4>185 :>B0 ?5@54 <OA><; 2KBO=CB0O 2?5@54 3>;>20, :0: C 7<58, :>B>@0O E>G5B 1@>A8BLAO =0 4>1KGC, - 4;O <5=O >B2@0B8B5;L=K 8 >1=0@C6820NB 4C@=>3> G5;>25:0. @><:>5 87JO2;5=85 @04>AB8 8 ;>170=L5 :064>3> 7=0:><F0 ?@8 2AB@5G5 <=5 :06CBAO 25AL<0 ?>4>7@8B5;L=K<8. >=GC <>5 =51>;LH>5 >BABC?;5=85 A>7=0=85<, GB> O 8=>340 >H810;AO 2 ?@54GC2AB28OE, => =8:>340 =5 >H810;AO 2 D878>=><8OE. =>38E D878>=><8G5A:8E ?@8<5B <>8E O B5?5@L =5 >?8AK20N: G8B0B5;8 C284OB 8E 2?>A;54AB288 87 ?>@B@5B>2 <=>38E ;8F, A :>B>@K<8 O 2AB@5G0;AO 2 687=8. 'B> 65 :0A05BAO 4> ?@54GC2AB289, B> O 4>;65= A:070BL, GB> >=8 2A5340 A;CG0;8AL A> <=>N ?>A;5 :0:>3>-=81C4L ?@>ABC?:0 8;8 =5>AB>@>6=>AB8, :>340 O <>3 >6840BL 70A;C65==>9 8;8 =570A;C65==>9 =5?@8OB=>AB8 >B <>8E 2@03>2. -B> 1K;> =5 ?@8G8=>N, => A;54AB285<; =5 ?@54>AB5@530B5;L=K< 35=85<, =0?>4>185 !>:@0B>20, => 35=85< 8725AB8B5;L=K<. ?@>G5<, :B> 8<55B 45;> A A0<>;N185< 8 AB@0ABO<8 ;N4A:8<8, B>B 25AL<0 G0AB> 4>;65= >6840BL 154K, E>BO 1K =8G53> 4C@=>3> =5 A45;0;, 0 8=>340 70 B> 8<5==>, G5< 70A;C68205HL ?>E20;C 8 =03@04C. 0 A25B5 B0: 2>48BAO: :B> A0< =5 45;05B 7;0, B>B 4>;65= ?>425@30BLAO 8A?KB0=8N 8 B5@?5BL 7;> >B 4@C38E.  07=8F0 4>1@>3> G5;>25:0 A> 7;K< 2 MB>< A;CG05 B0, GB> 4>1@K9 2 25;8G09H5< =5AG0AB88 =0E>48B CB5H5=85 2 A2>59 A>25AB8 8 2 <=5=88 G5AB=KE ;N459, 0 4;O 7;>3> =5B =8 >B@04K, =8 =04564K =0 B>B <8@, 345 A8;L=K5 =5 <>3CB 4028BL A;01KE. > >1@0B8<AO : ?>25AB2>20=8N. 5 C<5O E>@>H> ?@8B2>@OBLAO, O =5 <>3 ?@8=OBL =0 A51O 25A5;>3> 2840, 0 GB>1K >B2@0B8BL 2AO:>5 ?>4>7@5=85, A:070; >@>20B8=C, GB> GC2AB2CN A51O =574>@>2K<. 5 7=0N, ?>25@8; ;8 >= <=5, => >= C42>8; A2>8 ;0A:8 8 2=8<0=85 :> <=5 8 CE06820; 70 <=>N A =56=>AB8N >BF0, GB> =5A:>;L:> ?@8<8@8;> <5=O A =8<. 'B>1 40BL <=5 >B4>E=CBL, >= >AB0=>28;AO =0 =5A:>;L:> 4=59 2 >4=>< C574=>< 3>@>4:5, ;560I5< 2 ?@5:@0A=>< <5AB5, =0 15@53C >;38. >@>20B8= 8<5; 745AL AB0@>3> ?@8OB5;O, :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:0, A :>B>@K< >= >1E>48;AO 25AL<0 >B:@>25==>.  8E 15A545 O CA;KH0; B0:85 25I8, > :0:8E ?@5645 =5 8<5; =8:0:>3> ?>=OB8O. 0: >=8, 2 A2>5 2@5<O, ?@>8725;8 2> <=5 A8;L=>5 2?5G0B;5=85, B> O A>>1IC =5:>B>@K5 ?>4@>1=>AB8 <>8< G8B0B5;O<. !0220 !0228G ?>G8B0;AO >4=8< 87 @0AB>@>?=59H8E :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:>2 2 F5;>9 3C15@=88. = 1K; 8A?>;8=A:>3> @>AB0 8, A;C682 =5:>340 2 ?>;8F59A:8E 4@03C=0E, A>E@0=8; 2>5==CN 2KBO6:C 8 ?@85<K, 45@60;AO 2A5340 ?@O<> :0: ?0;:0 8 ?>2>@0G820;AO 1KAB@> 2A5< B5;><. 5B0 8 28==K5 ?0@K 4> B0:>9 AB5?5=8 >A;018;8 :>@=8 53> 2>;>A, GB> >=8 2A5 ?>GB8 2K;57;8, 8A:;NG0O =5A:>;L:8E :;>G:>2 =0 28A:0E 8 =0 70BK;:5. ;8==K9 =>A 53> 8 >:>=5G=>AB8 B>I53> ;8F0 ?>:@KBK 1K;8 103@>2K< ;0:><; 87-?>4 3CABKE ?>A545;KE 1@>259 A25@:0;8 =51>;LH85 A5@>-:>H0GL8 3;070. = E>48; 2A5340 2 3C15@=A:>< <C=48@=>< A5@BC:5 8 >?>OA0= 1K; ?>25@EC :070GL59 ?>@BC?559. !01;N ?@8F5?;O; >= B>340 B>;L:>, :>340 >B?@02;O;AO :C40-=81C4L ?> 4>;6=>AB8, 0 2A5340H=55 >@C685 53> A>AB02;O;0 :070GLO =0309:0 A> A28=F>2>N ?C;59, 2?;5B5==>N 2 :>=G8:. >;>2C ?>:@K20; >= >1K:=>25==> :>60=K< :0@BC7>< A AB>OG5N 3@82:>N, GB> ?@84020;> 5<C 2>8=AB25==K9 284. >;>A 53> ?>E>6 1K; =0 @52 <54254O. C<06=K5 45;0 53> 8A?@02;O; AB0@K9 ?8A5F, :>B>@K9 B@8 G5B25@B8 687=8 ?@>2>48; ?@82O70==K9 : AB>;C 70 =>3C. @><5 B>3>, !0220 !0228G ?@8:07K20; A=8<0BL A =53> A0?>38, GB>1 2>A?@5?OBAB2>20BL G0ABK< >B;CG:0< 2 ?8B59=K9 4><. > ;>2:89 ?8A5F =0E>48; A@54AB2> =0?820BLAO, =5 2AB020O A> ABC;0. #A;C6;82K5 ?@8AO6=K5 ?@8=>A8;8 5<C 28=> 2 0?B5G=KE AB:;O=:0E, ?> =5A:>;L:C @07 2 G0A, A B5E ?>@ :0: !0220 !0228G AB0; 8A:0BL 1CBK;>: 8 HB>D>2 2 ?5G8, 2 B@C15 8 4065 70 >1>O<8.  ?@074=8:8 ?>72>;O;>AL ?8AFC C?820BLAO, 8 B>340 >1K:=>25==> 53> ?@8=>A8;8 >45@525=5;>3> =0 =>G;53 2 0@5AB0=BA:CN 8 >B;820;8 2>4>N.  @07J5740E ?> C574C $><8G (B0: =07K20;AO ?8A5F) 8<5; B0:65 ?>;=>5 ?@02> ?8BL <5@B2CN G0HC =5A:>;L:> 4=59 A@O4C, => B>;L:> ?> >:>=G0=88 45;0, 81> ?>E<5;L5 53> A>?@>2>640;>AL B@OA5=85< @C:8, GB> 45;0;> 53> =5A?>A>1=K< : @01>B5. !0220 !0228G =07K20; $><8G0 _7>;>BK< G5;>25:><_ 8 A:;>==>ABL 53> : ?LO=AB2C ?@8?8AK20; =5>1K:=>25==K< 40@>20=8O<, :>B>@K5, ?> <=5=8N AB0@8==KE ;N459, =5 <>3;8 ?@>F25B0BL, =5 1K2 >:@>?;O5<K 2>4:>N, 0 ?>MB><C =04;560;> 70:;NG0BL, GB> 8 !0220 !0228G 1K; 35=89. 4=0:> 6 !0220 !0228G 1K; A0< 1>;LH>9 7=0B>: 2 45;0E, >A>15==> 2 4>?@>A0E, A;54AB28OE 8 ?>20;L=KE >1KA:0E, => B>;L:> >= =5 C<5; 87;820BL =0 1C<03C A2>8E <KA;59 B0: ;53:>, :0: ;8; 2 3>@;> :@5?:85 =0?8B:8; =5 <>3 ?@88A:0BL 2 >158E AB>;8F0E B0:8E >G:>2, ?>A@54AB2>< :>B>@KE <>6=> 1K;> 1K G8B0BL A:>@>?8A=K5 1C<038, E>BL ?> A:;040<, B0: :0: ?5G0B=>5, 8, ?> <=>65AB2C 45;, =5 ?><=8; G8A5; C:07>2.  MB>< 70<5=O; 53> $><8G. 8B5;8 C5740, 70 8A?@02=>ABL !022K !0228G0, ?@>720;8 53> _A5@K< 2>;:><_, 0 25@=K9 53> A>B@C4=8:, $><8G, ?@>720= 1K; _70?04=59_. 0?8B0=-8A?@02=8: ?@8H5; : =0< =0 25G5@, 8 :>340 ?>40;8 A0<>20@, B> >=, A<>G82 3>@;> ?C=H5< A :87;O@A:>N 2>4:>9, ?>GC2AB2>20; >E>BC : >B:@>25==K< @073>2>@0<. = =0G0;, ?> >1K:=>25=8N, ;N18<K< A2>8< 2>A:;8F0=85<: - %C4K5 2@5<5=0, EC4K5 2@5<5=0: ?@>A25I5=85, NAB8F8O; 0 45=53 =5B :0: =5B! - >;=> 60;>20BLAO =0 AC4L1C, !0220 !0228G, - 2>7@078; >@>20B8=. - 54L O 7=0N, GB> 8A?@02=8GL8 <5AB0 4>@>3> F5=OBAO; G5@B 1K 25;5; B515 A845BL 745AL, :>340 1K =5 1K;> ?>682K. - 0, :C40 65 ?@8:065HL 4520BLAO? - A:070; A 4>A04>N :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:. - 54L B>;L:> 8 6825HL GB> AB0@K< 70?0A><, 0 =K=5H=8<8 A1>@0<8 8 ?@>@5E8 2 :0@<0=5 =5 70?;0B05HL. >4C<09, GB> <K 4>;6=K :>@<8BL 3C15@=A:85 <5AB0, :0: 45B:8 AB0@>3> 10BNH:C. 'B> ?@>:C, GB> C <5=O ?> AG5BC 9218 4CH, :>340 MB8 4CH8 2 B>I5< B5;5! - 0:! - 2>A:;8:=C; O. - # 20A 9218 4CH, 8 2K 60;C5B5AL =0 AC4L1C! 0?8B0=-8A?@02=8: C;K1=C;AO 8 >B25G0;: - -B8 4CH8, 1@0B5F, =5 <>8, 872>;8HL 2845BL, 0 :075==K5, A>AB>OI85 2 <>5< 254><AB25; => :B> 4>8B :>@>2, B>B <>65B ?8BL 8 <>;>:>, 8 =5;L7O 6 B@51>20BL, GB>1 >B :075==KE A1>@>2 =5 >AB020;>AL =0< ?>A:@51CH5:, B0: =07K205<KE 0:F845=F8O<8. > =K=5 EC4KO 2@5<5=0, EC4KO 2@5<5=0! - ?@8<>;28; >= A=>20. - @>A25I5=85, NAB8F8O; 0 45=53 =5B :0: =5B! >@G5<AB2> 2K2>48BAO, 153;5F>2 8 1@>4O3 70E>48B 2 =0H C574, ?> =5AG0AB8N, <0;>, 0 ?>B><C =5 : :><C ?@82O7K20BLAO. #6 284=>, 1KBL A:>@> ?@5AB02;5=8N A25B0! 065 2>@>2AB2> AB0=>28BAO @54:8<, 0 >1 C189AB20E ?>GB8 =5 A;KH=>. ;O =0H59 1@0BL8, 45;LF>2, B0: MB8 =>2K5 ?>@O4:8 - <>@>20O O720! 5B 45;, =5B 8 ?>682K.  <564C B5< 87 3C15@=A:8E <5AB ?>?8AK20NB : =0< 40 ?>?8AK20NB: A>;>2L52-45 10A=O<8 =5 :>@<OB, ?>:;>=0<8 HC1K =5 ?>4H8BL 8 B><C ?>4>1=>5. 540, ACI0O 1540! !> 2A5E :>=F>2 ?>4C205B : =0< :0:8<-B> ?@>A25I5=85<, 8 4065 ?>4LOG85 =>AOBAO =K=5 A :=830<8 40 ?>4HCG820NB 4@C3 =04 4@C3><, 0 2 AB>;8F0E, 3>2>@OB, 4065 >A<5820NB 8A?@02=KE ;N459 =5 B>;L:> 2 B50B@5, => 4065 2 3075B0E, 87 B>3> B>;L:>, GB> <K E>B8< 5ABL E;51 =0ACI=K9 70 =0H8 B@C4K. 065 8 ?><5I8:8 =K=5 C<C4@8;8AL: =5 B> GB>1 ?>-:=86=><C, => 2A5 E>BOB 1KBL 45;LF0<8, 8 GCBL ?@820;8B 1540, B0: ?@O<> ;5BOB 2 3C15@=A:85 <5AB0 8;8 4065 2 8B5@. CGH5 =0:>@<8BL 2>;:0, 3>2>@OB >=8, =565;8 2>;G5=OB. #6 ?@024C A:070BL, 70 MB> 8 O 8< =04>540N ?>@O4>G=> 8 45@6C 8E 2 56>2KE @C:028F0E. 'CBL ?@>O28;AO >48= 153;K9 2 C5745, O 70AB02;ON 53> 2 ?>:070=88 >13>20@820BL 2 ?@8AB0=>45@60B5;LAB25 2A5E 1>30BKE ?><5I8:>2 8 4065 :@5ABLO=, 70 28=K 8E 3>A?>4, 8 B>BG0A 25AL C574 ?5@525@BK20N 225@E 4=><. A;8 C40ABAO =09B8 <5@B2>5 B5;LF5, B> O ?5@5B0A:820N 53> 2 B@84F0BL @07=KE <5AB, GB>1 ?>A;5 B>3> ?@>872>48BL 25745 A;54AB28O. #:@045==0O ;>H04L =>GC5B C <5=O, =0 1C<035, 2 >4=C =>GL 2 4204F0B8 :>=NH=OE. > 2A5 MB> 3>@L:89 E;51, B@C4>20O :>?59:0!  07J57609, 15309, ?8H8, 4>?@0H8209, 159AO :0: @K10 >1 ;54, 87 A>B5=:8 2 >4=>< <5AB5, 87 ?>;A>B5=:8 2 4@C3><, 87 45AOB:0 2 B@5BL5<. %C4KO 2@5<5=0, 1@0B5F! @>A25I5=85, NAB8F8O! - !0220 !0228G 70?8; 3>@5 8, ABC:=C2 AB0:0=>< ?> AB>;C, ?>3@C78;AO 2 4C<C. >@>20B8= ?>B5H0;AO 8A:@5==>ABLN A2>53> ?@8OB5;O 8 A=>20 70AB028; 53> 3>2>@8BL. -  O@<0@:8, !0220 !0228G, 0 ?0A?>@BK, 0 27KA:0=8O :075==KE =54>8<>: 8 G0AB=KE 4>;3>2, 0 >?8A8 8<5=8O, 0 42>@O=A:85 >?5:8, 0 >G5@548 4;O ?>G8=:8 4>@>3, 0 ?>42>4K 8 ?@>G<55> 8 ?@>G<55>? - A5 G5@B ?5@525@=C; 8 ?5@5?CB0;, - >B25G0; A 3=52>< !0220 !0228G. - 3@>:>2 <0;> ?@857605B =0 O@<0@:8, 0 B5, :>B>@K5 ?@85760NB, A0<8 154=K :0: F5@:>2=K5 :@KAK 8 =5 2 A>AB>O=88 E>@>H> ?;0B8BL 70 ?>72>;5=85 >1K3@K20BL =025@=CN ?><5I8:>2, :>B>@K5 =K=5 4;O <>4K @07>@ONBAO 2 AB>;8F0E. ! ?0A?>@B>2 =5<=>3> 4>E>4C: @01>B 2 AB>;8F0E <0;>; B>@3>2;O 845B ?;>E>, 8 :@5ABLO= =5<=>3> 2KE>48B 87 C5740 2 872>7K 8 2 @01>B=8:8. @0240, GB> 70 ?>B2>@AB2> ?@8 27KA:0=8OE :075==KE =54>8<>: 8 G0AB=KE 4>;3>2 E>@>H> ?>?;0G820NB; 40 =K=5 ?@54?8A0=8O AB@>385, 0 3C15@=0B>@K 8 ?@>:C@>@K 6<CB =0HC 1@0BLN, 5A;8 <K C?CA:05< 87 284C :075==K5 8=B5@5AK.  G0AB=KE 45;0E =8 A;>20. > <=5, E>BL 1C4L 2 4>;3C :0: 2 H5;:C, ;8HL A848 A<8@=> 40 >B?;0G8209AO =0< 8A?@02=>. 8 4>;3C, =8 70 1C<03C 8 ?5@5?8A:C 225: =5 27KI5<. C15@=A:85 <5AB0 8 75<A:85 AC4K ?5@5?8AK20NBAO <564C A>1>N ?>-?@8OB5;LA:8, 0 708<>4025F ?>G8BK209, 5A;8 C3>4=>, ?@54?8A0=8O > 27KA:0=88 40 25A5;8AL G5B:8< ?>G5@:>< ?8AF>2. -B>B ?@54<5B, 1;03>40@O >30, 5I5 =5 B@>=CB A <5AB0, =5 =8A?@>25@3=CB. >@>38, 1@0B5F, 8 ?>42>4K - ?CAB>5! 54L <K G8=8< B>;L:> >4=8 ?>GB>2K5 4>@>38, 8 B> B>340 B>;L:>, :>340 ?@>57605B :0:0O 206=0O >A>10, 0 =0 ?@>G8E 4>@>30E E>BL A0< G5@B H5N ;><8, - =5 =0H5 45;>! >;:8 =K=5 AB>OB ?> 3@0=8F0<, B0: 8 ?>42>4K @54:8. 'B> 65 :0A05BAO 4> 42>@O=A:8E >?5:, B> BK >H8105HLAO, 4@C3, ?@8?8AK20O =0< ?>682C. >=5G=>, A A8@>BA:>3> 4>1@0 :064><C ?5@5?045B :>?59:0, => =K=5 A0<8 42>@O=5 <0AB5@0 >148@0BL, :0: ;8?>G:C, A2>8E ?8B><F52. A;8 65 :>3> >B404CB ?>4 =047>@ 70 4C@=>5 C?@02;5=85, B> 2 MB>< 8<5=88, C6 25@=>, 8 :@KAK >:>;520NB A 3>;>4C 8 ?>6820 ?;>E0O C 4C@=>3> ?@028B5;O. 5B, 1@0B5F, EC4KO 2@5<5=0, EC4KO 2@5<5=0! @>A25I5=85, NAB8F8O; 0 45=53 =5B :0: =5B! - 5B, !0220 !0228G, - A:700; >@>20B8=. - "K B5?5@L A45;0;AO A:@KB=K<: 1K;> 2@5<O, :>340 BK E20AB0; 4>1KG59, :0: 8A:CA=K9 AB@5;>: 70AB@5;5==>N 48GLN, 0 =K=5... -  =K=5, - A:070; :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:, - =04>1=> 1KBL >AB>@>6=K<; 25;OB 1KBL G5AB=K<, - ?@8<>;28; >= 8 A=>20 ?>2B>@8; ;N18<CN A2>N ?>A;>28FC: - %C4KO 2@5<5=0, EC4KO 2@5<5=0! @>A25I5=85, NAB8F8O, 0 45=53 =5B :0: =5B! - >@>20B8= 2KH5; 87 :><=0BK, 8 :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8: >1@0B8;AO :> <=5 A @5GLN: - K, :0: O A;KH0;, @>4AB25==8: 3-=0 >@>20B8=0? - 0-A. - I5 =8345 =5 A;C68B5? - 5B. - >@0, AC40@L, ?>@0; >A>15==> 5A;8 E>B8B5 84B8 ?> AB0BA:>9 A;C615. 54L ?@8:07=0O 3@0<>B0, 10BNH:0, <>@5! A53> =5 2K?L5HL, 0 =0E;510BLAO =04>1=> A?>70@0=:C. > ?@0245 A:070BL, B>;L:> B5 8 45;LFK, GB> =0G0;8 A;C61C A :0=F5;O@A:8E A;C68B5;59. !>25BCN 20< =5 B5@OBL 2@5<5=8...  MB> 2@5<O >@>20B8= 2>72@0B8;AO 2 :><=0BC, 8 A;>2>>E>B-=K9 :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:, ?@8<5G0O, GB> ?@8OB5;L 53> A45;0;AO <>;G0;82 8 704C<G82, =0G0;, 2 A2>N >G5@54L, <CG8BL 53> @0AA?@>A0<8. / ?@>?CAB8; 157 2=8<0=8O B>;:8 8E > @07=KE >1I8E 7=0:><KE, => >4=> >1AB>OB5;LAB2> A8;L=> <5=O ?>@078;>. - >A;CH09-:0, ?@8OB5;L, - A:070; :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8: >@>20B8=C, - 254L BK C <5=O 5I5 2 4>;3C. - 0 GB>? - A?@>A8; >@>20B8=. - 0:! @0725 BK 701K;, GB> O ?> B2>5<C ?8AL<C ?>72>;8; 1560BL 87 BN@L<K <5I0=8=C >6>2C, =0 :>B>@>3> 4>=5A;8, GB> >= CH5; 87 !818@8, :C40 1K; ?>A;0= =0 ?>A5;5=85? "K ?@8A;0; B>;L:> B@8AB0 @C1;59 8 >15I0; 5I5 AB>;L:> 65: <564C B5< >6>2 3C;O5B ?> 15;C A25BC, 0 O 45=53 B2>8E =5 2840;, :0: A2>8E CH59. -40:, 1@0B5F, =5 45;0NB _G5AB=K5_ ;N48. - -E, ;N157=K9 !0220 !0228G, - A:070; >@>20B8=, >1=8<0O ?@8OB5;O, - =0< ;8 AG8B0BLAO 15745;CH:0<8? "K A45;0; _4>1@>5_ 45;>. >6>20 =5A?@0254;82> >:;525B0;8, 8 O, 87 >4=>3> G5;>25:>;N18O, ?>65@B2>20; A2>8<8 A>1AB25==K<8 45=L30<8 70 53> A?0A5=85. / 4C<0;, GB> >=, 2>72@0BOAL 2 >A:2C, 70?;0B8B <=5 8 40AB 5I5 1>;55 4;O B51O; => >= 701>;5; 8 G@57 <5AOF C<5@, A >BG0O=LO, 65@B2>N ;N4A:>9 7;>1K. - "CB GB>-B> =5 B0:, - A:070; E;04=>:@>2=> :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:. - >6>2 402=> 8725AB5= ?>;8F88, ?> @07=K< ?@>:070<; A;CE >1 =5< =5 ?5@52>48BAO, 8 O =5402=> C7=0;, GB> =0H8 :C?FK 2845;8 53> 2 >A:25 5I5 ?@>H;>N 78<>9. 5B, :0: E>G5HL, 0 4>;3 70 B>1>9! 54L O A0< =0A8;C >B45;0;AO ?> MB><C ?@>:;OB><C A;CG0N: A:CH0; 420 2K3>2>@0, B@8 70<5G0=8O, 40 A25@E 2A5E @0AE>4>2 70?;0B8; HB@0D. I5 A;020 >3C, GB> ?@>:C@>@H5 ?>=@028;8AL <>8 <>A:>2-A:8O A0=8, 0 =5 B> 1KBL 1K 1>;LH>9 1545. - %>@>H>, E>@>H>, <K A B>1>9 @0AAG8B05<AO, - A:070; >@>20B8=. -  B5?5@L ABC?09-:0 A?0BL; C <5=O @071>;5;0AL 3>;>20. - !0220 !0228G ?><>@I8;AO, => 2 CB5H5=85 >ACH8; >AB0B:8 2 1CBK;:5 8 >B?@028;AO 4><>9. K B>BG0A ;53;8 A?0BL. / 2AN =>GL =5 <>3 CA=CBL, ?><KH;OO > A2O78 >@>20B8=0 A O2=K< 7;>455< >6>2K< 8 > ?>4A;CH0==>< <=>N @073>2>@5. 0 @0AA25B5, :>340 O CA=C;, AB@0H=>5 A=>2845=85 ?@54AB028;> <=5 >6>20, AB@5<OI53>AO @074@>18BL <=5 B>?>@>< 3>;>2C. / 2A:@8:=C;, 2A:>G8; A :@>20B8 :0: 8AABC?;5==K9 8 @071C48; >@>20B8=0. = 8A?C30;AO 8 70:;NG8; ?> <>5<C 15A?>:>9=><C A=C, GB> O B>G=> 1>;5= 3>@OG:>N. >@>20B8= 27O;AO ;5G8BL <5=O 8 ?@8=C640; ?8BL :0:CN-B> =0AB>9:C =0 2>4:5. / =5 ?>A;CH0;AO 53>, 8 B5< :>=G8;>AL 53> ?>?5G5=85 > <>5< 74>@>2L5. >@>20B8=, GB>1 871028BLAO >B 8A?@02=8:0, :>B>@K9 ?@8?><=8; 5<C > 4>;35, @5H8;AO B>BG0A 2K5E0BL 87 MB>3> 3>@>40. #7=02, GB> !0220 !0228G >B;CG8;AO =0 =5A:>;L:> G0A>2 70 3>@>4, >@>20B8= ?>A;0; 70 ;>H04L<8, 8 ?5@54 ?>;C4=5< <K ?>A:0:0;8 2 @5=1C@3.  XII ,"#)+. #". #"/ ., K ?@81K;8 2 @5=1C@3 >:>;> 10 G0A>2 CB@0 8 >AB0=>28;8AL =0 D>@HB0B5, C <5I0=8=0 20=0 0@?>20, :>B>@K9 45@60; @>4 ?>AB>O;>3> 42>@0 4;O 7=0:><KE 8 @5:><5=4>20==KE 5<C ;N459. 0< >B25;8 425 G8ABK5 :><=0BK, >18BK5 F25B=>9 1C<03>9, 0 A;C30 >@>20B8=0, @>4 02B><0B0 8;8 <0H8=K 4;O A=8<0=8O A0?>3>2 8 G8AB:8 ?;0BLO, ?><5AB8;AO =0?@>B82, 2 E>7O9A:>9 ?>;>28=5. >@>20B8=, ?5@5>452H8AL, B>BG0A ?>H5; 2 3>@>4, A:0702, GB> >= 2>72@0B8BAO ?>74=> : 25G5@C, 8 A>25B>20; <=5 >B>1540BL 4><0 8 >B4>E=CBL ?>A;5 4>@>38. AB02H8AL >48=, O ?>H5; : E>7O8=C, GB>1 2 @073>2>@0E C7=0BL GB>-=81C4L > 0B@5=5 20=>2=5 (B>A8=>9 8 55 4>G5@8, <>59 <8;>9 @C=5, 4;O :>B>@>9 O @5H8;AO ?@54?@8=OBL MB> ?CB5H5AB285. %>7O8= =0H, G5;>25: ;5B ?OB845AOB8, ?@5:@0A=>9 =0@C6=>AB8, @>AB0 2KA>:>3>, H8@>:>?;5G89, @C<O=K9, <>3 1K A;C68BL >1@07F>< 4;O 8720O=8O 5@:C;5A0. = 1K; =@020 25A5;>3> 8 A;>2>>E>B5=, :0: 2>>1I5 2A5 ?>;=>:@>2=K5 8 25A5;LG0:8. > ?5@2><C <>5<C 2>?@>AC, 745H=89 ;8 >= C@>65=5F 8;8 ?5@5A5;5=5F, >= 2 :@0B:8E A;>20E @0AA:070; <=5 A2>N 8AB>@8N. - /, AC40@L, @>48;AO ?>4 >A:2>N 8 1K; :@5?>AB=K< G5;>25:>< 35=5@0;LH8 >;>:8B8=>9, 1>30B>9 24>2K, 2>BG8==8FK <=>38E ?><5ABL52. >2>@OB, GB> O 1K; =54C@5= A>1>9 A<>;>4C, 8 >BB>3> ?@>87>H;8 2A5 <>8 154K, :>B>@K5 :>=G8;8AL AG0AB85<, ?> <8;>AB8 >A?>4=59. 5=5@0;LH0, ?@85E02 =0 ;5B> 2 =0HC 45@52=N, C2845;0 <5=O =0 @01>B5 8 B>BG0A 27O;0 2> 42>@. =5 1K;> B>340 ;5B H5AB=04F0BL >B @>4C, 8 O 1K; >48= AK= C <0B5@8. BF0 <>53> C65 =5 1K;> =0 A25B5. 5=O >AB@83;8 ?>-=5<5F:8, =0@O48;8 2 :0DB0= A 30;C=0<8 8 >B40;8 =0 @C:8 AB0@><C ;0:5N 8 :;NG=8F5, CG8BLAO A;C615. !> A;570<8 ?@><5=O; O A2>9 0@<O: =0 H8BCN ;82@5N. 2>@>2K5 ;N48 2A5340 :070;8AL <=5 A>10:0<8 =0 ?@82O78, 8 O =8:>340 =5 70284>20; 8E 68BLN. ?@>G5<, <=5 E>@>H> 1K;> 2 3>A?>4A:>< 4><5. 0@K=O ;0A:0;0 <5=O, B@5?0;0 ?> I5:5, 3;048;0 ?> 3>;>25 8 ?>AK;0;0 <=5 A> AB>;0 ?>40G:8. !;C60=:8 ?>A<0B@820;8 =0 <5=O ;C:02>, 0 ;0:58 8 4065 A0< 42>@5F:89 >1E>48;8AL A> <=>N, :0: A 1>O@A:8< AK=:><. / =5 ?>=8<0; ?@8G8=K 2A5E MB8E <8;>AB59 8 >B;8G8O, ?>:0 AB0@0O :;NG=8F0, <>O =0AB02=8F0, =5 >1JOA=8;0 <=5, GB> O 2A:>@5 4>;65= 1C4C 70=OBL ?@8 10@K=5 4>;6=>ABL, :>B>@0O 1K;0 <=5 =5 ?> A5@4FC. -B0 4>;6=>ABL >1O7K20;0 <5=O =0E>48BLAO 15A?@5AB0==> ?@8 10@K=5, 8 MB> :070;>AL <=5 AB@0H=55 A<5@B8. >@>7 ?@>1560; C <5=O ?> 68;0< ?@8 A5< 8725AB88. 48= 273;O4 =0 10@K=N 70AB02;O; <5=O 2A5340 B@5?5B0BL 2A5< B5;><! >>1@078B5 A515 =51>;LHCN, B>;ABCN 101C, ;5B ?OB845AOB8, @0A?8A0==CN 15;8;0<8 8 @C<O=0<8, :0: 2O75<A:0O :>2@K6:0, A :>AK<8 3;070<8 8 @K68<8 2>;>A0<8 A ?@>A54LN, C :>B>@>9, 2<5AB> 7C1>2, B>@G0;> =5A:>;L:> :;K:>20BKE 65;BKE :>AB59. >;>A 5O ?>E>6 1K; =0 A:@8? =5<070=>9 B5;538; >=0 15A?@5AB0==> :@8G0;0 8;8 1@0=8;0 A;C3 8;8 ;0A:0;0 8 A:;8:0;0 A2>8E A>10G5:. !;KH02 A:07:C > /35-1015, <=5 :070;>AL, GB> >=0 =5 <>3;0 1KBL =8 EC65, =8 ;CGH5, :0: <>O 35=5@0;LH0. ;NG=8F0 >1JO28;0 <=5, GB> ?@56=89 :0<5@48=5@, $8;L:0, 702B@0 >B?@028BAO 2 >A:2C, 68BL ?> ?0A?>@BC, 0 O 2 B>B 65 45=L 4>;65= 1C4C 70=OBL 53> <5AB>. -B>B $8;L:0 1K; <>;>4>9 G5;>25:, ;5B 4204F0B8 42CE. = ?@>25; H5ABL ;5B 2 A2>59 4>;6=>AB8 (81> 10@K=O 1@0;0 : A515 :0<5@48=5@>2 A H5AB=04F0B8;5B=53> 2>7@0AB0), 8 E>BO 1K; =54C@5= ;8F><, => 4> B>3> 8AG0E, 25@>OB=> A 3>@O 8 A> A:C:8, GB> ?>E>6 1K; =0 <5@B25F0. = G@572KG09=> >1@04>20;AO A2>59 >B?CA:=>9 8 =5 <>3 4>640BLAO 4@C3>3> 4=O, GB>1K >B?@028BLAO 2 ?CBL. > O ?@54C?@548; 53>. 8HL B>;L:> A<5@:;>AL, O 2K25; ?>B8E>=L:C 87 :>=NH=8 ;>H04L, 2A:>G8; =0 =55 157 A54;0 8 ?CAB8;AO ?> 1>;LH>9 4>@>35 2> 2AN :>=A:CN ?@KBL, =5 7=0O A0< :C40 8 70G5<. AO:89 @07, GB> 2A?><8=0; > :@0A>B5 <>59 10@K=8, O A8;L=55 3=0; ;>H04L, :0: 1C4B> >=0 3=0;0AL 70 <=>N. 8 >48= G5;>25: =5 1560; B0: A8;L=> >B ?>1>52, :0: O >B <8;>AB59. 0:>=5F, : @0AA25BC, O ?@8A:0:0; 2 C574=K9 3>@>4 8 B>BG0A ?>1560; : 8A?@02=8:C, :>B>@>3> O 7=0; 2 ;8F>, ?>B><C GB> >= G0AB> ?@85760; 2 =0H5 A5;> A>18@0BL 45=L38, =5 7=0N, 4;O A51O 8;8 4;O :07=K. / G8AB>A5@45G=> @0AA:070; 8A?@02=8:C 2A5, GB> <=5 3>2>@8;0 :;NG=8F0, >1JO282 @5H8B5;L=>, GB> E>GC 1KBL A>;40B><, => =5 2>72@0ICAL 2 4>< : 3>A?>65. A?@02=8: 8 65=0 53> A<5O;8AL 4> A;57 ?@8 <>5< @0AA:075, => ?>A>18BL <=5 1K;> =52>7<>6=>, ?>B><C GB> O 60;>20;AO A;>25A=>, 157 2AO:8E 4>:070B5;LAB2. >H04L <>N 27O;8 =0 :>=NH=N, 0 <5=O ?>A048;8 2 0@5AB0=BA:CN 8 ?>A;0;8 10@K=5 8725AB85 >1> 2A5< A;CG82H5<AO. >A;5 C7=0; O, GB> 10@K=O 4>@>3> 70?;0B8;0 8A?@02=8:C 70 B>, GB>1 >= =5 @073;0H0; <>53> ?>:070=8O; <5=O 65, 70 ?>153 8 ?>:@06C ;>H048, 2KA5:;8 2 AC45 8 >B>A;0;8 ?> ?5@5AK;:5 =0 3>A?>4A:89 28==K9 702>4, 2 !0@0B>2A:CN 3C15@=8N, A ?@8:070=85< 45@60BL :0: <>6=> AB@>65 8 =0:07K20BL :0: <>6=> G0I5. > AG0AB8N, 10@K=O =5 7=0;0, GB> C?@028B5;L 702>40, B0:65 :@5?>AB=>9 55 G5;>25:, 1K; <>9 42>N@>4=K9 4O4O. = A60;8;AO =04 <>5N CG0ABLN, 25;5; A2>5<C ?8A0@N >1CG0BL <5=O 3@0<>B5 8 AG5B0< 8 ?>A;5 B>3> AB0; C?>B@51;OBL 2 ?8AL<5==KE 45;0E. 0 702>45 =8:B>, :@><5 4O48, =5 7=0; > <>5< ?@8:;NG5=88, 8 :0: 4O4O <>9 A>45@60; ;N459 AB@>3>, B> <5=O C2060;8 :0: 53> ?><>I=8:0. @>H;> 45AOBL ;5B, 10@K=O >B?@028;0AL =0 B>B A25B, 0 A =5N :>=G8;8AL 8 <>8 =5AG0AB8O. <5=85 4>AB0;>AL 55 AK=C, :>B>@>3> >=0 =5 ?CA:0;0 : A515 =0 3;070 ?@8 687=8 A2>59 70 B>, GB> >=, ?@85E02 87 ?>;:0 2 >B?CA:, 274C<0; ?@82>;>:=CBLAO 70 >4=>9 87 55 2>A?8B0==8F, 8;8, ;CGH5 A:070BL, A;C60=>:, =01@0==KE 87 A8@>B @07=>3> 720=8O. >;>4>9 10@8= 7=0; ?@8G8=C <>59 AAK;:8 8, ?@85E02 =0 702>4, ?@8720; : A515, >1;0A:0; 8, ?> ?@54AB0B5;LAB2C <>53> 4O48, A45;0; C?@028B5;5< 702>40, ?>@CG82 4O45 C?@02;5=85 F5;>N 2>BG8=>9 8 >B?CAB82 53> =0 2>;N. =0O 45;> 8 @C:>2>4AB2COAL AB@0E>< >688<, O A=8A:0; <8;>ABL 10@8=0. 0:>=5F, ?> ?@>H5AB288 425=04F0B8 ;5B, 4>1@K9 =0H 10@8= A:>=G0;AO 15745B=K< 8 2 4CE>2=>< 7025I0=88 40; <=5 2>;L=>ABL, 2<5AB5 A 4@C38<8 70A;C65==K<8 42>@>2K<8 ;N4L<8. 5@56;82>AB8N, >1>@>B0<8 8 I54@>ABLN 4>1@>3> 10@8=0 O A>1@0; =51>;LH>9 :0?8B0;5F 8 2>7=0<5@8;AO ?>A5;8BLAO 2 @5=1C@35, 345 ?@5645 1K20; ?> 45;0< 3>A?>4A:8<, 2KA<>B@5; A515 =525ABC. >B C65 >:>;> ?OB=04F0B8 ;5B, :0: O 682C 745AL, 65=8;AO, ?>AB@>8; MB>B 4><8: 8, A ?><>I8N >6859, 254C =51>;LH>9 B>@3 A :8@387F0<8. >3 1;03>A;>28; <5=O 4>1@K<8 45B:0<8: AB0@H59 <>59 4>G5@8 C65 14 ;5B, A@54=59 12, 0 <;04H5<C AK=C 45AOBK9 3>4. >B, AC40@L, :0:8< >1@07>< O ?>?0; AN40! 58725AB=>, GB> :><C =0 @>4C =0?8A0=>, 8 >48= >A?>4L 7=05B, 345 :><C ?@845BAO ?>;>68BL :>AB8. > =5 C3>4=> ;8 ?>:CH0BL? !53>4=O 45=L ?@074=8G=K9, 8 <K 20A ?>?>BGC5< ?8@>3>< A :0H5N 8 A C@0;LA:>N @K1>9. - =5 =5 E>B5;>AL @0AAB0BLAO A <>8< 4>1@K< E>7O8=><, 8 O ?@>A8; 53> ?>72>;8BL <=5 ?>>1540BL 2<5AB5 A 53> A5<59AB2><, =0 GB> >= A>3;0A8;AO, ?@8<>;282: - A;8 =5 ?>A?5A828B5AL, B> 20H0 2>;O. > AG0ABLN, D>@BC=0 8 ?@8@>40 =045;ONB ;N459 40@0<8 A2>8<8, =5 A?@02;OOAL A 8E ?>@>4>N 8 ?@8BO70=8O<8. !:>;L:> 1>30G59 ?>G;8 1K A51O AG0AB;82K<8, 5A;8 1 2<5AB> 65;B>;8FKE 8;8 1;54=KE 45B59 8<5;8 B0:8E 74>@>2KE 8 @C<O=KE, :0: 45B8 <>53> E>7O8=0! 5=0 53>, 65=I8=0 ;5B B@84F0B8 ?OB8, A2560O, ?@>2>@=0O, CA;C6;820O, 1K;0 B0:>3> 65 25A5;>3> =@020, :0: 8 <C6 55. >1@K5 E>7O520 ?>;N18;8 <5=O A ?5@2>9 2AB@5G8 8 >1E>48;8AL :0: A AB0@K< 7=0:><F5<, 0 AB0@H0O 4>GL ?>3;O4K20;0 =0 <5=O C:@04:>9, :@0A=5;0 8 ?>BC?;O;0 A2>8 1>;LH85 G5@=K5 3;070, :>340 >=8 2AB@5G0;8AL A <>8<8. -B0 452CH:0 :070;0AL <=5 3>@074> ;CGH5 @C=8, => :0: O ?@85E0; 4;O =59 8<5==>, B> 8 @5H8;AO =0:>=5F A?@>A8BL C E>7O8=0 >1 55 <0B5@8. - <>A?>>60 (B>A8=0 6825B 2 =0H5< 3>@>45, - >B25G0; E>7O8=, - 8 6825B 25A5;>. # =55 5ABL 4>G:0, <>;>40O 8 25@B;O20O, :>B>@0O ?@8BO38205B : A515 3>A?>4 >D8F5@>2, :0: <54 ?@8<0=8205B <CE. # <5=O, <5AOF0 420 B><C, 68; <>;>4>9 >D8F5@, :>B>@K9 E>B5; 1K;> 65=8BLAO =0 MB>9 10@KH=5, =>, ?@>83@02 45=L38, >4C<0;AO, 4>3040;AO, GB> MB>B 4>< 5ABL B>;L:> 70?04=O, 345 3@01OB ;N459 4=52=K< @071>5<, 0 4>G:0 3<>A?>>68 (B>A8=>9 ?@8<0=:0 4;O ?@>AB0G:>2. -B>B >D8F5@ @0AA:070; <=5 <=>3> :>5-G53> >1 <0B5@8 8 4>G5@8, => O =5 ;N1;N ?5@5A:07K20BL 4C@=>3>, 40 8 20<, AC40@L, ;CGH5 MB>3> =5 7=0BL. 154 :>=G8;AO, 8 O =5 A<5; 1>;55 @0AA?@0H820BL E>7O8=0. ! AB5A=5==K< A5@4F5< ?>H5; O 2 <>N :><=0BC 8 ;53 =0 ?>AB5;N. >;3> O =5 <>3 CA=CBL, @07<KH;OO > 3>@L:>9 <>59 CG0AB8 8 =5C40G5 2 ?5@2>9 4@C615 8 2 ?5@2>9 ;N128. / CB5H0; A51O, GB>, <>65B 1KBL, @0AA:07K >D8F5@0 E>7O8=C =525@=K 8 2=CH5=K 1K;8 4>A04>N >B ?@>83@KH0, 8 @5H8;AO C4>AB>25@8BLAO 2> 2A5< A>1AB25==K<8 3;070<8. >@>20B8= 2>72@0B8;AO @0=55, =565;8 O ?@54?>;030;. = 1K; C3@N< 8 704C<G82. >A;5 ;53:>3> C68=0 >= ;53 2 ?>AB5;N, A:0702, GB> GC2AB2C5B A51O =574>@>2K<. B A:C:8 O ?>A;54>20; 53> ?@8<5@C, E>BO =5 GC2AB2>20; ?>7K20 :> A=C. :>;> ?>;C=>G8, :>340 O =0G0; C65 4@5<0BL, 2=570?=K9 HC< 2 4@C3>9 :><=0B5 <5=O 2AB@52>68;. AB0N A ?>AB5;8, ?>4E>6C =0 FK?>G:0E : 425@O<, @0AB2>@ON 2?>;>28=C 8 286C... >@>20B8=0, A84OI53> =0 >:=5, 2 >4=>9 @C10E5, A >B:@KB>N 3@C4LN. 8F> 53> ?>:@KB> 1K;> A<5@B=>N 1;54=>AB8N; :@0A=K5 53> ?OB=0 1;8AB0;8 :0:8<-B> D8>;5B>2K< F25B><; 3;070 1K;8 >B:@KBK 8, :070;>AL, A 604=>ABLN ;>28;8 ;C==K5 ;CG8; 2>;>AK 1K;8 2A:;>G5=K 8 AB>O;8 4K1><; >= H525;8; 3C10<8, :0: 1C4B> A8;8;AO GB>-B> 3>2>@8BL, 8 24@C3 - A O@>ABLN AB0; F0@0?0BL A515 3@C4L 8 @20BL 2>;>AK, A:@565I0 7C10<8. / >F5?5=5; >B C60A0, =5 A<5; ?@>87=5ABL =8 >4=>3> A;>20, =5 <>3 428=CBLAO A <5AB0. >@>20B8= 702>?8; :0:8<-B> C60A=K<, ?>475<=K< 3>;>A>< 8 24@C3 =0G0; 3>2>@8BL 3@><:>, => 25AL<0 A:>@> 8 =52=OB=>. 0:>=5F >= CA?>:>8;AO 8 AB0; 3>2>@8BL ?@>BO6=> 8 2=OB=>: - 0:>5 ?@02> 8<55HL BK C?@5:0BL <5=O, AB@0I0BL, A>25B>20BL? "K A2OI5==8: - >3 A B>1>N! !>25BC9 B><C, :B> C B51O ?@>A8B =0AB02;5=89. / ?@81530; : B515 2> 2@5<O 1>;57=8, 8 BK, 7=0O =5:>B>@K9 B09=K 4CH8 <>59, 274C<0; ?@8 ?5@2>9 2AB@5G5 CA>25I520BL <5=O. 5B, >B5F 5B@, =5B, BK =0?@0A=> =0?0; =0 <5=O A B2>8< :@0A=>@5G85<. / 74>@>2, 74>@>2 8 <>3C 5I5 ?@>68BL 4204F0BL, B@84F0BL ;5B. - ><>;G02 =5<=>3>, >@>20B8= ?@>4>;60;: -  A0<>< 45;5, ?>@0 >?><=8BLAO. !:>;L:> ;53:>25@=KE N=>H59 225@3=CB> <=>N 2 ?@>?0ABL @072@0B0! /, :0: ?04H89 0=35;, CGC 15AA<KA;5==KE 1571>68N, 0 A0< AB@0HCAL <5AB8 ?@02>AC4=>3> >30! 5C65;8, C25;8G820O G8A;> ?>381H8E, O A?0AC A51O >B ?>3815;8? 5B. 04>1=> >4C<0BLAO.  07>@OO =5>?KB=KE D0;LH82>N 83@>9, ?@54020O 8E 2 @C:8 @>AB>2I8:>2, ?>A5;OO 2 @072@0I5==KE <=>N A5@4F0E =5=028ABL :> 2A5< 5AB5AB25==K< 8 70:>==K< >1O70==>ABO< G5;>25:0, GB>1 8AB>@30BL 45=L38, O 4> A8E ?>@ =5 ?@8>1@5; 1>30BAB20, 70 :>B>@K< 3>=ONAL F5;K9 25:. # <5=O 5420 ?OBL45AOB BKAOG @C1;59 =0;8G=K<8 45=L30<8. -B> =5 <=>3>, >G5=L =5 <=>3>. >A;CH09, >B5F 5B@! 0: A:>@> O A>15@C AB> BKAOG, 40N B515 :;OB2C, GB> B>340 A45;0NAL G5AB=K< G5;>25:><, ?>A5;NAL 2 >B40;5==>< :@0N, 345 <5=O =5 7=0NB, 8 1C4C 68BL B8E>, =8:>3> =5 AB0=C >1<0=K20BL 8;8 @07>@OBL. !B0=C ?>AB8BLAO, E>48BL 2 F5@:>2L <>;8BLAO 8 ?> A<5@B8 >B40< <>8 45=L38 =0 <>=0ABK@8. # <5=O B5?5@L =0 @C:0E B@8 45;0, ;8HL B>;L:> 8E :>=GC! B> 4> A>B=8 BKAOG 1C45B >G5=L 1;87:>. !:>@55 1K B>;L:> A1KBL A @C: MB>3> ?@>:;OB>3> K6838=0. > MB> 45;> =5 <>5! O C<K20N @C:8. CABL >6>2 C?@02;O5BAO A =8<, :0: 5<C C3>4=>. -B> 53> 45;>. / 8A?>;=8; A2>5 ?>@CG5=85: 70B0I8; 53> =0 :@09  >AA88. B5F 5B@! GB> BK A<>B@8HL =0 <5=O B0: AB@0H=>? 5@5AB0=L 3>2>@8BL <=5 >1 045, > !B@0H=>< AC45, > 25G=>< ?;0<5=8! !B@0H=>, >G5=L AB@0H=>! / CGC 4@C38E =5 25@8BL 2 MB>, 0 A0< =5 <>3C A;KH0BL 157 B@5?5B0. @>GL >BAN40, C40;8AL, >B5F 5B@! #60A=>, C60A=>! 2>B >3>=L, 2>B :@>2L, :@>2L! - @8 A8E A;>20E >@>20B8= 70B@5?5B0; 2A5< B5;>< 8 ?>20;8;AO A >:=0 =0 ?>;, 70AB>=0; ?@>=78B5;L=>, :0: 1C4B> 4CH0 53> @07;CG0;0AL A B5;><. 4@C3 >= 70:@8G0; 8 70:@K; 3;070. / A0< GCBL =5 ;8H8;AO GC2AB2 8 4@>60; :0: >A8=>2K9 ;8AB. 5 A<5O B@52>68BL >@>20B8=0 8 1>OAL @071C48BL 53>, O, A>1@02 ?>A;54=85 A8;K, 4>1@0;AO 4> <>59 ?>AB5;8 8 1@>A8;AO =0 =55 2 @0AA;01;5=88, :0: 1C4B> ?>A;5 ;8E>@04>G=>3> ?@8?04:0. "5?5@L O C4>AB>25@8;AO, GB> ?@>B82 <5=O A>AB02;5= :0:>9-B> C<KA5; 8 GB> ?>4A;CH0==K9 <=>N @073>2>@ <564C >6>2K< 8 >@>20B8=K< >B=>A8;AO :> <=5. > :B> MB>B >6>2? 'B> O 5<C A45;0;? 'B> O A45;0; >@>20B8=C? 0:0O 3@0D8=O 65;05B <>59 ?>3815;8? / =5 ?@>3=528; =8 >4=>9 65=I8=K 2 687=8. 5 :>7=8 ;8 MB> @018;8=0? 7 2A5E ?>A5B8B5;59 B5BCH:8=0 4><0 >48= @018;8= =5 ;N18B <5=O. > 3@0D8=O!.. 5?>AB868<>!  07<KH;OO B0:8< >1@07><, O CA=C; C65 =0 @0AA25B5, 2K182H8AL 87 A8;. C<0O, GB> >@>20B8= 2 3>@OG:5, O 2>7=0<5@8;AO C?>B@518BL 2@5<O 53> 1>;57=8 : <>5<C 87102;5=8N 8 A:@KBLAO >B =53> 8 >B 53> ?@8OB5;O, >6>20, :>B>@K9 B0:65, 25@=>, 1K; 2 MB> 2@5<O 2 @5=1C@35.  C482;5=8N <>5<C, >@>20B8= =0 4@C3>9 45=L 2AB0; A ?>AB5;8 A>25@H5==> 74>@>2 8 25A5;: O, =0?@>B82 B>3>, GC2AB2>20; BO65ABL 2> 2A5E G;5=0E 8 :0:>5-B> >1I55 =5@0A?>;>65=85. 0 G05< >@>20B8= ?@54;>68; <=5 >B?@028BLAO =0 4@C3>9 45=L =0 >E>BC, 2 G5< O >B:070; 5<C, >?0A0OAL :0:>3>-=81C4L 7;>3> C<KA;0. = A:070; <=5, GB> 3-68 (B>A8=>9 =5B 2 3>@>45, GB> >=0 2>72@0B8BAO G@57 =5A:>;L:> 4=59, 0 <564C B5< A>25B>20; <=5 A845BL 4><0, ?@8<>;282, GB> ?> <>5<C ;8FC 284=>, GB> O =574>@>2. / >15I0; 5<C =5 2KE>48BL, => ;8HL B>;L:> >= CH5; A> 42>@0, O B>BG0A >45;AO 8 @5H8;AO A0< >A254><8BLAO > 3-65 (B>A8=>9, =5 25@O =8 2 G5< 1>;55 >@>20B8=C. =5 E>B5;>AL, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, ?@>AB8BLAO A @C=59 8 ?>A;5 B>3> 8A:0BL A@54AB2 >B?@028BLAO >1@0B=> 2 >A:2C. / =045O;AO =0 ?><>IL 4>1@>3> <>53> E>7O8=0.  45AOBL G0A>2 CB@0 O 1K; C65 2>7;5 4><0, 70=8<05<>3> 3-6>N (B>A8=>N, 8 C7=0; >B A>A5459, GB> >=0 2>2A5 =5 >B;CG0;0AL 87 3>@>40. ! C;8FK 1K;0 :0;8B:0 2 A04, 8 O 2>H5; BC40, GB>1 A>1@0BLAO A 4CE>< 8 ?@83>B>28BLAO : A2840=8N A @C=5N, > :>B>@>9 O 1K; B0: 4C@=> ?@54C254><;5=. @>E>4O B8E8<8 H030<8 ?> B5<=>9 0;;55, O C2845; 2 :>=F5 15A54:C. !:2>7L 25B28 45@52 8 @5H5BG0BK5 AB5=K 15A54:8 O ?@8<5B8; GB>-B> 15;>5. @>1@02H8AL :CAB0@=8:0<8 1;865 : 15A54:5, O CA;KH0; 3>;>A @C=8, @073>20@820NI59 A :0:8<-B> <C6G8=>9. - >74@02;ON, @C=O! - A:070; <C6G8=0. -  B515 ?@85E0; >1>60B5;L 87 >A:2K, 8 >1>60B5;L AG0AB;82K9, :0: 3>2>@8B >@>20B8=; MB>B N=>H0, 2 =045645 =0 B2>N ;N1>2L 8 =0 B2>N @C:C, 1560; >B @>4=KE, 4;O ;N1>2=>3> A2840=8O, 70 =5A:>;L:> BKAOG 25@AB. -B> =5 HCB:0, <8;0O @C=O, 8 >= 25@=> 8<55B A8;L=K5 ?@8G8=K =045OBLAO =0 B2>N 2708<=>ABL. - 5@5AB0=L 4C@0G8BLAO, mon cher ;5:A0=4@, - >B25G0;0 @C=O. - >@>20B8= =0@>G=> 2>71C6405B B2>N @52=>ABL ?CABK<8 @0AA:070<8. @0240, GB> O 7=0;0 MB>3> K6838=0 2 >A:25 8, ?@8<5B82 53> 3;C?CN ;N1>2L :> <=5, 70102;O;0AL >B A:C:8 =0 53> AG5B. > MB> @0A?CB=K9 <0;LG8H:0, :>B>@K9 =0 A5<=04F0B>< 3>4C >B @>4C, 5I5 =5 :>=G82 CG5=LO, C65 ?@8=O;AO 70 :0@BK 8 70 2>;>:8BAB2>: >4=8< A;>2><, 4>AB>9=K9 2>A?8B0==8: 7=0<5=8B>3> ?;CB0 >@>20B8=0; B0: <>65HL ;8 BK 4C<0BL, GB>1 O 53> ;N18;0? 0BCH:0 25;5;0 <=5 1KBL A =8< 256;82>9, ?>B><C GB> >= 2A5340 ?@>83@K20; 70 55 :0@B>G=K< AB>;8:>< - 8 2>B 2AO =0H0 A2O7L. =5 4>A04=>, :>340 BK 4065 2 HCB:0E @52=C5HL : MB><C H:>;L=8:C. - > 3>2>@OB, - 2>7@078; <C6G8=0, - GB> MB>B K6838= >G5=L E>@>H ;8F><, A<KH;5= =5 ?> ;5B0<, >B<5==> ;>2>:, ?@5:@0A=> ?>5B 8 83@05B =0 D>@B5?80=> 8 =0 38B0@5, >4=8< A;>2><: GB> 2 A>AB>O=88 2A:@C68BL 3>;>2C... - 0:>9-=81C4L 45@525=A:>9 4C@>G:5, - >B25G0;0 @C=O. - 0: <>6=> ?@><5=OBL 53> A<07;82CN, ?>;C 65=A:CN @>68FC =0 MB> <C65AB25==>5 ;8F>, =0 MB8 <8;K5 CA8:8, =0 MB8 0@A>2K 3;070... - C6G8=0 =5 40; @C=5 :>=G8BL, 8 O CA;KH0; G>:0=85 ?>F5;C52. A:>@1;5==>5 A0<>;N185, 3=52, 4>A040 >2;045;8 <=>N. / 2K1560; :0: 15H5=K9 87 :CAB>2 8 ?@54AB0; 87C<;5==K< ;N1>2=8:0<. @C=O 0E=C;0 8 70:@K;0 @C:0<8 ;8F>. CA0@A:89 >D8F5@ 2A:>G8; A A2>53> <5AB0, ABC:=C; A01;5N >1 ?>; 8 3@>7=> 2>A:;8:=C;: - B> 2K 8 :0: >A<5;8;8AL 2>9B8 157 A?@>A0? / =8 A;>20 =5 >B25G0; >D8F5@C, =>, >1@0I0OAL : @C=5, A:070;: - 7<5==8F0, >1<0=I8F0! BK =07K205HL <5=O H:>;L=8:><, @072@0B=K<; 3>2>@8HL, GB> =8:>340 =5 ;N18;0 <5=O, GB> 70102;O;0AL =04 <>5N 8A:@5==>ABLN. > C <5=O 2 @C:0E 4>:070B5;LAB20, 5A;8 =5 ;N128 B2>59, B> B2>59 ;682>AB8, B2>53> :>:5BAB20. >B, 2848HL ;8 B2>8 2>;>AK, B2>8 ?8AL<0, 2 :>B>@KE BK C25@O;0 <5=O 2 25G=>9, 15A?@545;L=>9 ?@82O70==>AB8; :;O;0AL 1KBL <>5N =025:8. / >1=0@C6C B2>9 =8GB>6=K9 E0@0:B5@: AB0=C :@8G0BL ?>2AN4C 8 G8B0BL B2>8 ?8AL<0 =0 2A5E ?5@5:@5AB:0E. 5 C3>4=> ;8, 3<>A?>48=> >D8F5@, ?>;N1>?KBAB2>20BL?.. @C=O 70;8;0AL A;570<8 8, 1@>AOAL =0 H5N >D8F5@C, 2>A:;8:=C;0: - 0I8B8 <5=O >B MB>3> =0E0;0, 8;8 O C<@C >B >BG0O=LO! -B> 15AA<KA;5==K9 ;65F... A;8 BK ;N18HL <5=O, 70I8B8 <5=O! 065BAO, GB> >D8F5@ =5 A;8H:>< 15A?>:>8;AO > =56=>AB8 GC2AB2 @C=8 8 GB>, ?>;L7COAL =0AB>OI8<, >= =5 ?><KH;O; =8 > ?@>H54H5<, =8 > 1C4CI5<. = 1@>A8;AO =0 <5=O :0: 15H5=K9, 2K@20; 87 @C: <>8E ?8AL<0 8 2>;>AK @C=8 8, AE20B82 70 3@C4L, ?>B0I8; 87 15A54:8. !>?@>B82;5=85 <>5 =02;5:;> <=5 B>;L:> ;8H=85 C40@K: A8;L=K9 >D8F5@ 2KB>;:=C; <5=O 87 :0;8B:8 8, C40@82 =>3>N, 70?5@ 425@L =0 70<>:. / 1K; 2 8AABC?;5=88: ABK4, >BG0O=85 @0AAB@>8;8 <5=O A>25@H5==>. / ?CAB8;AO 1560BL 4><>9, E>B5; 70AB@5;8BL >D8F5@0, @C=N. "KAOG8 C60A=KE <KA;59 A<5=O;8AL >4=0 4@C3>N. >, ?@8H54 =0 :20@B8@C, O ?>GC2AB2>20; 2=570?=> A;01>ABL 2> 2A5< B5;5. 070;>AL, GB> <>73 <>9 ?@86830NB @0A:0;5==K< 65;57>< 8 GB> 2AO :@>2L <>O ?@52@0B8;0AL 2 ?;0<O. A:>@5 O ?>B5@O; GC2AB20, 8, :@><5 C60A=>3> 60@0 2 3>;>25 8 6064K, =8GB> =5 ?@8?><8=0;> <=5, GB> O 682C =0 A25B5.  XIII  #  &.  ! $!$  !-!#". / !!/  5 ?><=N, A:>;L:> 2@5<5=8 O 1K; 2 15AGC2AB25==>< A>AB>O=88, => O ?@8H5; 2 A51O 2> A=5. =5 A=8;>AL, GB> O C?0; 2 2>4C 8 ;56C =0 4=5 3;C1>:>9 @5:8. %>;>4 70AB028; <5=O ?@>A=CBLAO. B:@K20N 3;070, E>GC ?>H525;8BLAO, => GC2AB2CN, GB> O >:CB0= 2> GB>-B> <>:@>5 8 A2O70=. 2C:, ?>E>689 =0 83@C =0 3C4:5, ?>@0605B A;CE <>9. ! 25;8G09H8< B@C4>< O ?>2>@>B8; 3>;>2C >B AB5=K : A25BC, 8 2A5, GB> ?@54AB028;>AL 3;070< <>8<, ?@82>48;> <5=O 2 C482;5=85. / ;560; 2 ?0;0B:5, =0 :CG5 2>9;>:>2, 8, 25AL =03>9, 7025@=CB 1K; 2 AK@CN 10@0=LN H:C@C, H5@ABLN 225@E. >7;5 <>59 ?>AB5;8 A845; G5;>25: 2 ?5AB@>< E0;0B5, 2 2KA>:>9, G5@=>9 10@0=L59 H0?:5; >= 83@0; =0 3C4:5, =0?520; C=K;K< 3>;>A><, :0G0; 2 B0:B 3>;>2>N 8 45;0; AB@0H=K5 3@8<0AK. > A?;NI5==K< 3;070< MB>3> G5;>25:0, ?> A<C3;><C F25BC ;8F0, 2K402H8<AO A:C;0< 8 @54:8< 2>;>A0< =0 CA0E 8 1>@>45 O C7=0; :8@387F0. = G@572KG09=> >1@04>20;AO, ?@8<5B82, GB> O >B:@K; 3;070 8 45;0N CA8;8O, GB>1 2K?CB0BLAO 87 <>8E ?5;5=; 2A:>G8; A A2>53> <5AB0, ?>25@=C;AO =5A:>;L:> @07 =0 :01;C:0E 8 AB0; :@8G0BL 87> 2A59 A8;K, C40@OO 2 1C1=K, :>B>@K5 28A5;8 C =53> =0 :CH0:5. 0 :@8: 53> 21560;> =5A:>;L:> :8@387F52 8 A =8<8 B@8 65=I8=K. 48= :8@3875F, 2KA>:>3> @>AB0, 2 H5;:>2>< E0;0B5 8 2 <0;5=L:>9 A:CDL5, 2KH8B>9 7>;>B><, ?@81;878;AO : <>59 ?>AB5;8 8 A:070; <=5 ;0A:>2> 8 4>2>;L=> G8AB> ?>-@CAA:8: - '53> BK E>G5HL? CGH5 ;8 B515? - =5 E>;>4=>, - >B25G0; O, - 8 E>G5BAO ?>5ABL 8;8 8A?8BL G53>-=81C4L 3>@OG53>. 5;8B5 @072O70BL <5=O 8 >45BL G5<-=81C4L B5?;K<. - C, B5?5@L BK 1C45HL 74>@>2, :>340 70E>B5; 5ABL, - A:070; 2KA>:89 :8@3875F. = 2KA;0; 65=I8= 8 25;5; 42C< :8@387F0< A=OBL A <5=O 10@0=LN H:C@C, 2K<KBL, =0B5@5BL :0:>N-B> :@5?:>N <07LN, ?>E>65N =0 65;GL, 8 =0:@KBL E0;0B0<8, GB> 8 1K;> B>BG0A 8A?>;=5=>. / E>B5; ?>4=OBLAO =0 =>38, => >B A;01>AB8 A=>20 C?0; =0 ?>AB5;N. 564C B5< <>;>40O 65=I8=0 ?@8=5A;0 <=5 2 G0H5 ?>E;51:8 87 A0@0G8=A:>3> ?H5=0, 8 O, 2K?82 MB>9 :@5?8B5;L=>9 ?8H8, ?>GC2AB2>20;, GB> :@>2L <>O ?@8=O;0 ?@028;L=K9 >1>@>B 8 GB> A8;K <>8 2>AAB0=>2;ONBAO. !>= AB0; B><8BL <5=O ?>A;5 C4>2;5B2>@5=8O 3>;>40, 8 2KA>:89 :8@3875F, ?@8<5B82 MB>, 25;5; 2A5< C40;8BLAO 87 ?0;0B:8, A:0702: - 5 BC68, 2K74>@02;8209. 5;8: >3 =0 =515A8, 0 2 AB5?8 - =5 157 4>1@KE ;N459! / 70A=C; A 70E>645=85< A>;=F0 8 ?@>A=C;AO A 53> 2>AE>645=85<; ?@8?>4=O; A?5@20 3>;>2C, ?>B>< ?@82AB0; 8 :@09=5 >1@04>20;AO, GB> <>3C 45@60BLAO =0 =>30E. ! B@C4>< 2KH5; O 87 N@BK. #28452 A>;=F5 8 157>1;0G=>5 =51>, O 1@>A8;AO =0 :>;5=0 8 A> A;570<8 1;03>40@8; >30 70 87102;5=85 <5=O >B BO6:>9 1>;57=8 8 70 A>E@0=5=85 687=8. !B@0==>5 7@5;8I5 ?@54AB028;>AL <>8< 27>@0<. > 15@53C >75@0 @0A:8=CBK 1K;8 N@BK; 2>:@C3 284=0 1K;0 =5>1>7@8<0O AB5?L, 8 <564C =51>;LH8<8 :CAB0@=8:0<8 ?0A;8AL <=>3>G8A;5==K5 AB040 10@0=>2, ;>H0459, 25@1;N4>2 8 @>30B>3> A:>B0. C6G8=K 8 65=I8=K 70=OBK 1K;8 @01>B>N: >4=8 4>8;8 :>@>2 8 :>1K;8F, 4@C385 2K25B@820;8 2>9;>:8, B@5BL8 @072>48;8 >3=8 8 =>A8;8 2>4C, 8=K5 @570;8 10@0=>2 8 65@51OB. >2>@ 8 :;8:8 ;N459 A<5H820;8AL A> @60=85< :>=59, <KG0=85< :>@>2 8 1;5O=85< >25F. / 4>3040;AO, GB> =0E>6CAL 2 :8@387A:>< 0C;5, => =5 <>3 ?>AB83=CBL, :0:8< >1@07>< ?>?0; AN40. >A;54=55 <>5 2>A?><8=0=85 >3@0=8G820;>AL A2840=85< A @C=5N 8 ?@81KB85< =0 :20@B8@C. >A;5 MB>3>, <=5 :070;>AL, GB> O =5 68;, 8 2>A:@5A 2 ?0;0B:5 :8@387A:>9. KA>:89 :8@3875F, 2 H5;:>2>< E0;0B5, AB>O; 2>7;5 A2>59 N@BK, :>B>@0O 1K;0 1>;LH5 8 :@0A8255 ?@>G8E. = :C@8; B@C1:C 8 ?>A<0B@820; =0 2A5 AB>@>=K. #28452 <5=O, >= ?@8:070; >4=><C :8@387FC ?@825AB8 <5=O : A515. >304K20OAL, GB> MB> 4>;65= 1KBL AB0@H8=0, O ?>:;>=8;AO 5<C 8 ?@>A8; ?>72>;5=8O ?@8A5ABL =0 75<;N, ?> ?@8G8=5 <>59 A;01>AB8. !B0@H8=0 25;5; ?>4>AB;0BL <=5 2>9;>: 8 A0<, A52 =0 :>2@5 ?@>B82 <5=O, A:070;: - "K 4>65= 7=0BL, 20=, GB> BK @01 <>9. / AB0@H8=0 >4=>3> 7=0<5=8B>3> ?>:>;5=8O :8@387A:>9 >@4K. >2CB <5=O @A0;0=-AC;B0=><. !;C68 <=5 25@=>, 5A;8 E>G5HL 68BL AG0AB;82>; :>340 6 O 70<5GC 2 B515 >E>BC : ?>153C, B> ?@>40< 2 %82C 8;8 25;N C18BL, :0: 10@0=0. -B0 ?@825BAB25==0O @5GL =5 A;8H:>< CB5H8;0 <5=O ?>A;5 2K74>@>2;5=8O, => 45;0BL 1K;> =5G53>, 8 O >B25G0; A ?@8B2>@=K< @02=>4CH85<: - / 1C4C B515 A;C68BL 25@=>, 8 E>BO 4> A8E ?>@ =8G5< =5 <>3 C3>48BL B515, => >A<5;820NAL ?@>A8BL >4=>9 <8;>AB8, 2 7040B>: 1C4CI8E: A:068 <=5, :0:8< >1@07>< O 4>AB0;AO : B515 2 =52>;N? / 1K; B0: 1>;5=, GB> =5 ?><=N, GB> A> <=>N 45;0;>AL. - 72>;L, O @0AA:06C B515. / 1K; 70 45;0<8 2 @5=1C@35, B><C =545;8 B@8. K5E02 25G5@>< 87 3>@>40 8 A25@=C2 A 4>@>38, GB>1 2>72@0B8BLAO 2 AB5?L 8725AB=K<8 =0< ?CBO<8, O C2845; 42CE 2>>@C65==KE ;N459, :>B>@K5 A=8<0;8 GB>-B> A B5;538. !> <=>N 1K;> B>;L:> G5BK@5 :8@387F0, 4;O ?@>2>60=8O <>8E 25@1;N4>2: ?@>G85 ?>5E0;8 2?5@54. ?0A0OAL, GB>1K :070GL8 @07J574K =5 CA;KH0;8 2KAB@5;>2, O =5 E>B5; =0?0ABL =0 MB8E @071>9=8:>2, :>B>@K5 A?>@8;8 <564C A>1>N, GB> =04>1=> A B>1>N A45;0BL. 48=, 2KA>:89 8 ?;>B=K9 3>;>2>@57, E>B5; >B@C18BL B515 3>;>2C; 4@C3>9, 1;54=K9 8 ACE>I02K9, A>25B>20; 1@>A8BL 2 ?>;5, GB>1 =5 ?@>;820BL :@>28, 3>2>@O, GB> BK 8 157 8E ?><>I8 A:>@> 8A?CAB8HL 4CE. / A;KH0; 8E @073>2>@ 8740;5:0, ?> 25B@C. =8 C60A=C;8AL, :>340 O ?@8A:0:0; : =8<, 8 25AL<0 >1@04>20;8AL, :>340 O >1JO28;, GB> =5 E>GC 70B520BL A =8<8 4@0:8 ?>4 3>@>4>< 8 =0<5@5= 871028BL 8E >B E;>?>B, 27O2 A A>1>N G5;>25:0, >1 CG0AB8 :>B>@>3> >=8 A?>@8;8 <564C A>1>N. ;>458 A>3;0A8;8AL 8 >B40;8 B51O <=5, A B5< GB>1 O =5 ?>72>;O; B515 ?8A0BL 2  >AA8N 8 >B:C?8BLAO. / >15I0;, 8 >=8 2>72@0B8;8AL 2 3>@>4. "K ;560; 2 60@C, 157 GC2AB2, 70:CB0==K9 2 >45O;>. / B>BG0A 25;5; C18BL 42CE 70?0A=KE 10@0=>2, 70:CB0; B51O 3>;>3> 2 AK@K5 H:C@K {-B> >4=> 87 A@54AB2, :>B>@K<8 ;5G0BAO :8@387AFK.} 8 ?@82O70; : ?>:;065 <>59 =0 25@1;N45. !K@K5 H:C@K 8 ?>@>H>: 87 ACH5=KE =>3 ?B8FK B8;53CA {B8F0, ?>E>60O =0 :C@>?0B:C.}, :>B>@K9 O 2A5340 2>6C A A>1>N, ?>B><C GB> >= ?><>305B B0:65 8 >B C:CH5=8O 15H5=KE A>10:, C45@60; 687=L 2 B2>5< B5;5. @81K2 2 0C;, O, ?> ?@>AL15 <>8E 65=, ?@8720; A0<>3> 8A:CA=>3> 10:AC {0:A0, B> 65, GB> A818@A:89 H0<0=: 3040B5;L 8 ;5:0@L.}, 25;5; 5<C 3040BL =04 B>1>N 8 83@0BL =0 :>1K75 { >4 3C4:0, 8;8 A:@8?:8, 157 25@E=59 4>A:8. !B@C=K =0 =5< 87 :>=A:8E 2>;>A. 3@0NB =0 =5< A<KG:><, :0: =0 28>;>=G5;5. 0:AK C?>B@51;ONB MB>B 8=AB@C<5=B ?@8 A2>8E 3040=8OE.} 2> 2A5 ?@>4>;65=85 B2>59 1>;57=8, ?5@5<5=OO 15A?@5AB0==> A25685 H:C@K @07=KE 682>B=KE, 8=>340 ?> 420 8 ?> B@8 @070 2 45=L. 5=K <>8 ?>8;8 B51O ?>E;51:>N 87 ?H5=0 8 =020@>< B@02K H8@070 {!B5?=0O B@020, C?>B@51;O5<0O 4;O ?@>872545=8O 8A?0@8=K.}, 8 =0:>=5F >3C 8 3> @>@>:C C3>4=> 1K;> A>E@0=8BL B51O 4;O A;02K 8 G5AB8 A;C68BL <=5, AC;B0=C @A0;0=C. =5 60;L 1K;> B2>59 N=>AB8! "5?5@L 687=L B2>O ?@8=04;568B <=5, 8 BK 4>;65= =02A5340 >B:070BLAO >B 2AO:>9 =04564K C2845BL A2>5 >B5G5AB2>. > A:068 <=5, :B> B0:>2K 1K;8 MB8 @071>9=8:8, :>B>@K5 E>B5;8 C18BL B51O 8 70 GB> >=8 =0 B51O >7;>18;8AL? >1;03>40@82 A?5@20 @A0;0=-AC;B0=0 70 53> >1> <=5 ?>?5G5=8O 8 2>7>1=>282 C25@5=8O 2 <>59 25@=>AB8, O @0AA:070; 5<C, :0:8< >1@07>< 2K5E0; 87 >A:2K A >@>20B8=K<, GB>1 C2845BLAO A @C=5N; :0: O 2AB@5B8; >6>20 8 ?>4A;CH0; 53> @5G8 8, =0:>=5F, :0: C7=0; >1 87<5=5 @C=8 8 ?>A;5 B>3> 2?0; 2 3>@OG:C >B A8;L=KE 4CH52=KE ?>B@OA5=89. / >1JO28; <>5<C =>2><C 3>A?>48=C, GB> =8:>3> =5 ?>4>7@520N 2 =0<5@5=88 C18BL <5=O, :@><5 >@>20B8=0 8 >6>20; => GB> ?>1C48;> 8E A>AB028BL ?@>B82C <5=O 703>2>@, B>3> O =5 <>3 @0AA:070BL, ?>B><C GB> O A0< =5 ?>AB830;. =5 =5 E>B5;>AL 25@8BL, GB>1K 7;>458 MB8 ?>AO3=C;8 =0 C189AB2> 87 =5A:>;L:8E A>B @C1;59, :>B>@K5 >@>20B8= C45@60; C A51O, 27O2 =0 A>E@0=5=85. - 0;L, - A:070; @A0;0=-AC;B0=, - GB> O =5 A25O; A 75<;8 MB8E 1574CH=KE 7;>4552, :>B>@K5 8A?KBK20NB A2>8 A8;K 8 <C65AB2> =04 1>;L=K< N=>H5N! A;8 >=8 ?>?04CBAO :> <=5 2 4@C3>9 @07, B> O 8E 70AB02;N ?@>ACH8BL :>AB8 2 AB5?8 8 >B40< G5@5?K =0 3=5740 7<5O<, :>B>@K5 3>@074> ;CGH5 8E. !;CH09, 20=, ?>:0 BK =5 C:@5?8HLAO, B515 =5 1C45B @01>BK. 5=K <>8 1C4CB B51O :>@<8BL 8 ?>8BL, 0 B0< C2848<, : G5<C BK <=5 ?@83>48HLAO. !5<59AB2> @A0;0=-AC;B0=0 A>AB>O;> 87 B@5E 65= 8 G5BK@5E 45B59: B@5E 4>G5@59 >B 5 4> 7 ;5B 8 >4=>3> AK=0, N=>H8 2 <>8 ;5B0. A5 B@8 65=K 1K;8 <>;>4K 8 E>@>H8 A>1>N. A;8 ?@8=OBL ?@028;><, GB> AC65==K5 3;070 8 2K402H85AO A:C;K =5 A>AB02;ONB 157>1@078O, B> 65=K @A0;0=-AC;B0=0 1K;8 1K :@0A028F0<8 8 2 52@>?59A:>9 AB>;8F5; 0 >= A0<, E>BO C65 8<5; ;5B 70 A>@>:, <>3 =0720BLAO :8@387A:8< ?>;;>=><. !K= 53> @>645= 1K; G5B25@B>N 65=>9, :>B>@>9 C65 =5 1K;> 2 682KE; => <>;>4>9 0N: 2 :064>9 87 B@5E A2>8E <0G5E =0E>48; ;0A:8 8 =56=>AB8, :>B>@K<8 =5 2A5340 <>3CB ?>E20;8BLAO ?0AK=:8 <564C >1@07>20==K<8 =0@>40<8. >9 3>A?>48= 1K; AG0AB;82 A2>8< A5<59AB2><. 5=K 53> 68;8 4@C6=> <564C A>1>N, 8<5;8 =@02 25A5;K9 8 AB0@0;8AL C3>640BL <C6C 2A5<8 2>7<>6=K<8 A@54AB20<8. =8 >B<5==> ;0A:>2> >1E>48;8AL A A;C68B5;O<8 8 <5=O ;N18;8, :0: @>4=>3> 1@0B0. < >1O70= O A2>8< 2K74>@>2;5=85<. 0ABC?8;0 >A5=L, 8 =0H 0C; =0G0; A>18@0BLAO 2 ?>E>4 4;O ?@88A:0=8O 78<=53> :>G52LO. @A0;0=-AC;B0= @07>A;0; 25AB=8:>2 2 1;86=85, 4@C65AB25==K5 0C;K A 8725AB85< > ?5@5<5=5 68;8I0 8 > =0?@02;5=88, :>B>@>5 >= =0<5@5= 27OBL 2 AB5?8. > 2>72@0I5=88 ?>A;0==KE, 2A5 25I8 C;>68;8 2 @07=K5 :8?K, A>1@0;8 N@BK, =03@C78;8 BO65AB8 =0 25@1;N4>2 8 =0 702>4=KE ;>H0459 8 ?> 40==><C 7=0:C ?>AB@>8;8AL 2 ?>E>4=K9 ?>@O4>:. 064>5 A5<59AB2> A>AB02;O;> >A>1>5 >B45;5=85. 5B8, AB0@CE8, <>;>4K5 4528FK, AB0@FK 8 1>;L=K5 A5;8 =0 25@1;N4>2, 0 2A5 <C6G8=K, A?>A>1=K5 =>A8BL >@C685, 8 2A5 <>;>4K5 65=I8=K - =0 :>=59, 2 ;CGH5< A2>5< ?;0BL5, :0: 2 B>@65AB25==>5 ?@074=5AB2>. 0 :>=F0E 8 ?> AB>@>=0< :0@020=0 =0E>48;8AL B>;?K =0574=8:>2, 2>>@C65==K5 ?8:0<8, ;C:0<8, A01;O<8, 0 =5:>B>@K5 H0<E0;0<8 {;8==>5 @C6L5 157 70<:0. !B@5;ONB 87 =53> :0@B5GLN, ?>A@54AB2>< D8B8;O.}. !B040 A>E@0=O5<K 1K;8 >A>1K< >B@O4><, 2 284C :0@020=0. >340 2A5 1K;> 3>B>2> : 2KABC?;5=8N 2 ?>E>4, @A0;0=-AC;B0= 25;5; 10:A5 =0G0BL 3040=85 >1 CA?5E5 ?@54?@8OB8O. 0:A0 2KABC?8; 2?5@54, 2K=C; 87-70 ?>OA0 =>6, ?@>25; 2>:@C3 A51O G5@BC ?> ?5A:C 8 ?>B><, ?@8AB0282 A515 =>6 : 3>@;C, =0G0; 3@><:> ?5BL. 5=85 53> A>?@>2>640;>AL C60A=K<8 :@82;O=LO<8 8 A:0G:0<8, :>B>@K5 A:>@> ?@825;8 53> 2 8AB>I5=85 A8;. = C?0; 70<5@B2>, 5420 ?5@52>4O 4KE0=85, 8 :070;>AL, GB> 70A=C;. &5;K9 0C; A<>B@5; 2 <>;G0=88 8 A 1;03>3>25=85< =0 A85 <=8<>5 G0@>459AB2>. '@57 G5B25@BL G0A0 10:A0 =0G0; 42830BLAO 8 :0: 1C4B> 2> A=5 1@548BL. @A0;0=-AC;B0= 8 4@C385 AB0@H8=K 2=8<0B5;L=> ?@8A;CH820;8AL : 53> A;>20< 8 70:;NG8;8 87 >=KE, GB> ?CBL =0H 1C45B 1;03>?>;CG5=. 7=5<>65==>3> 10:AC ?>A048;8 =0 25@1;N40 8 ?> 40==><C 7=0:C 428=C;8AL 2?5@54. / =0E>48;AO 2>7;5 @A0;0=-AC;B0=0 =0 ;8E>< :>=5 8 >45B 1K; ?>-:8@387A:8. > >A>15==>9 :> <=5 <8;>AB8 8 ?> ?@>AL15 65= A2>8E >= A45;0; <5=O A2>8< >@C65=>AF5<, 8;8, ;CGH5 A:070BL, 2>5==K< ?@8A;C6=8:><. 1O70==>ABL <>O A>AB>O;0 2 B><, GB>1 45@60BL ;>H04L, :>340 @A0;0=-AC;B0= A;570; A =55, ?>4020BL 5<C :C<KA {@5?:89 =0?8B>: 87 :>1K;L53> <>;>:0, ?@82545==>3> 2 1@>65=85.}, =0:;04K20BL B@C1:C, G8AB8BL >@C685, ?@8A;C6820BL 70 >154>< 8 70102;OBL @0AA:070<8 8 ?5A=O<8. > 2@5<O ?5@2>3> ?5@5E>40 @A0;0=, >B40;82H8AL =5A:>;L:> >B A2>8E 8 ?>4>7202 <5=O : A515, A:070;: - "K ?@8A<>B@5;AO : =0H59 687=8, 20=, 8 =045NAL, GB> =5 70E>G5HL ?@><5=OBL =0H8E AB5?59 =0 20H8 4CH=K5 3>@>40, 345 ;N48 A>18@0NBAO, GB>1 >1<0=K20BL 4@C3 4@C30 8 2K4C<K20BL =C64K, :>B>@K5 45;0NB 8E @010<8 2A5E 2>7<>6=KE 3;C?>AB59 8 70AB02;ONB ?>;70BL 8 ?@5A<K:0BLAO ?@54 2AO:8<, :B> <>65B 2>72KA8BL 8E 2 3;070E 3;C?F>2, 8 =045;8BL 1>30BAB2><, :>B>@><C >=8 =5 7=0NB =8 F5=K, =8 <5@K? 'B> =C6=> G5;>25:C? - GB>1 >= 1K; AKB, >45B 8 A?>:>5=. A5 MB> BK =0945HL C =0A. 57 B@C40 8 701>B, <K 8<55< ?8IC 8 >4564C >B AB04 =0H8E. 5 <CG8< A51O 15A?>:>9AB2>< > 1C4CI5< 8 2A5340 3>B>2K A8;>N >B@078BL 2@06451=>3> 8;8 E8I=>3> A>A540, ?@54?>G8B0O >@C685 E8B@>ABO<, ;68 8 >1<0=0<, :>B>@K<8 2>NNB <564C A>1>N 20H8 3>@>4A:85 68B5;8. K >F5=O5B5 :@0A>BC 20H8E 3>@>4>2 H8@>B>N C;8F, >1H8@=>ABLN, 25;8G8=>N 740=89. 0H0 <5G5BL - >B:@KB>5 =51>, 0 3>@>4 - =5>1>7@8<0O AB5?L, 345 =8:><C =5 B5A=> 8 345 =8 AB5=0, =8 701>@ =5 C45@68205B 2>;8. / 1K; 2 >A:25 8 2 5B5@1C@35, 2845; 2A5 20H8 GC45A0 8 C482;O;AO, A<>B@O =0 C<=KE ;N459, 70=8<0NI8EAO 83@CH:0<8, ?>1@O:CH:0<8 8 65@B2CNI8E 74>@>2L5< 8 A?>:>9AB285< 4;O B>3> 548=AB25==>, GB>1 1KBL 2A5340 70:C?>@5=C 2 1;5ABOI59 :;5B:5 2 4>@>35 8 =0 <5AB5 8 GB>1 =01820BL 65;C4>: ?0ECG8<8 >B@020<8. / ?>;N18; B51O, 20=, 8 E>GC A45;0BL 87 B51O C40;>3> =0574=8:0, =0CGC 2;045BL :>=5< 8 >@C685<. A;8 6 B515 ?>=@028BAO :0:0O-=81C4L :8@387A:0O 4528F0, O 1C4C B2>8< A20B>< 8 A0< ?>AB0@0NAL CAB@>8BL =>2>5 B2>5 E>7O9AB2>. / ?>1;03>40@8; 53> 70 @0A?>;>65=85 :> <=5 8 ?@8<>;28;: -  <>5< ?>;>65=88 <=5 =5;L7O 2K18@0BL 4>;8 A2>59, 8, 2> 2AO:>< A;CG05, O ;CGH5 E>GC 1KBL 2>8=><, =565;8 A;C3>N. >A;5 MB>3> @A0;0=-AC;B0= 25;5; A2>8< =0574=8:0< ?>:070BL <=5 8E 8A:CAAB2>. = 1@>A0; <5;:85 @CAA:85 45=L38 =0 75<;N, 8 53> C40;LFK ?>418@0;8 8E =0 2A5< :>=A:>< A:0:C; 2A:0:820;8 =>30<8 =0 A54;>, AB0=>28;8AL =0 =5< 3>;>2>N, ;>28;8 ?8:0<8 =0 ;5BC 1@>A05<K5 225@E :0<=8, >15@=CBK5 ACE>N B@02>9, A@K20;8 4@C3 C 4@C30 H0?:8 8 1>@>;8AL =0 ;>H04OE. >2:>ABL 8 8A:CAAB2> :8@387>2 2 C?@02;5=88 :>=5< 8 2> 2A5E 2>8=A:8E C?@06=5=8OE 2>AE8B8;8 <5=O, 8 O AB0; A0< ?@>A8BL @A0;0=-AC;B0=0, GB>1 >= A:>@55 =0CG8; <5=O =0574=8GL5<C @5<5A;C. - !>7=09AO, 20=, - A:070; >= <=5, - GB> MB0 ?>B5E0 <C6G8=5 3>@074> ?@8;8G=55, =565;8 20H5 ?5G0;L=>5 ?5@542830=85 =>3 ?>4 <C7K:C, ?@K6:8 8 ?>2>@>BK, :>B>@K<8 I53>;ONB 20H8 N=>H8 =0 B0: =07K205<KE 10;0E. / 2845; 20H8 70102K 8 4@5<0; =0 =8E A> A:C:8. / ?@8<5B8;, 1@0B, GB> BK A?5@20 =5>E>B=> A>3;0A8;AO A45;0BLAO :8@387A:8< 2>8=><; => O C25@5=, GB> A> 2@5<5=5<, :>340 C B51O 2K25B@8BAO 87 3>;>2K 3>@>4A:>9 G04, - BK A0< A =0<8 =5 @0AAB0=5HLAO. 564C B5< <K ?@81K;8 =0 =>G;53. @5645 =565;8 :0:>9-=81C4L ;5=82K9 :CG5@ CA?5; 1K 2K?@OGL ;>H0459 87 ?>2>7:8, C65 =0H8 25@1;N4K 1K;8 @072LNG5=K, N@BK @0A:8=CBK, 1C@LO= A :CAB0@=8:0<8 ?K;0; 8 A>3@520; =0H8 :>B;K. 5=I8=K 70=O;8AL ?@83>B>2;5=85< ?8H8 8 4>5=85< :>@>2 8 :>1K;8F; <C6G8=K A>AB028;8 >G5@54=CN AB@06C 8 @07J574K. @8 >3=OE @074020;8AL 25A5;K5 ?5A=8 8 72C:8 :>1K70 8 G81K738 {C4:0 87 45@520, 8;8 87 :0<KH0, >:>;> 0@H8=0 4;8=K.}. 51> 1K;> OA=> 8 CA5O=> 725740<8, 2>74CE 1;03>@0AB2>@5=. @A0;0=, 2 >6840=88 C68=0, A845; =0 A54;5 ?5@54 A2>5N N@B>9 8 ?>4>720; <5=O : A515. - 20=, - A:070; >=, - BK 3>2>@8HL =0 <=>38E O7K:0E, 8 ?>B><C BK ;CGH5 <5=O 7=05HL, :0: =04>1=> 8< CG8BLAO. > :0: C =0A =5B =8 :=83, =8 H:>;, =8 CG8B5;59, B> O 4>;65= ?>A>25B>20BL B515, :0: A:>@55 =0CG8BLAO ?>-:8@387A:8. !?@0H8209 =0720=85 :064>9 25I8 8 1>;B09 A<5;>, GB> C<55HL, =5 A<CI0OAL =0A<5H:0<8. C640 =0CG8B A:>@55, G5< CG8B5;L 70 45=L38. 'B>1 A:>@55 2KCG8BLAO O7K:C, O A>25BCN B515 2;N18BLAO: MB> A0<>5 ;CGH55 8 CA?5H=>5 A@54AB2>. =5 B0:65 ;N1>2L ?>A>18;0 2KCG8BLAO ?>-@CAA:8. / B515 :>340-=81C4L @0AA:06C MB>. > 7=09, GB>1 1KBL C40;K< =0574=8:><, =54>2>;L=> C<5BL 2;045BL :>=5< 8 >@C685< 8 7=0BL O7K: =0H53> =0@>40: =04>1=> B0:65 C<5BL G8B0BL =0 =515, :0: ?> :=835. / A0< E>GC CG8BL B51O MB><C 8A:CAAB2C. @8 A8E A;>20E O ?@5@20; @5GL @A0;0=0 8 A:070; 5<C: - 0:! =5C65;8 BK E>G5HL 87 <5=O A45;0BL 10:AC, 3040B5;O? @A0;0= C;K1=C;AO. - / AB>;L:> 65 25@N 3040=8O< 10:AK, A:>;L:> 8 BK, - A:070; >=. - 5 2 B>< 45;>. 82O 2 AB5?OE, 345, ?> AG0AB8N, ;N48 =5 ?@8@>A;8 : >4=><C <5ABC :0: 45@52LO, <K 4>;6=K 7=0BL ?@8<5BK, ?> :>B>@K< <>6=> 1K;> 1K =0?@02;OBL ?CBL 4=5< 8 =>GLN. =5< A;C60B =0< C:070B5;O<8 :C@30=K, =0AK?=K5 <>38;K C<5@H8E =0H8E 1@0B88, :CAB0@=8:8, >75@0, @5:8, 2>72KH5=8O 8 4065 F25B AB5?8. >GLN 65 - =51>. 848HL ;8 BK MBC A25B;CN 72574C? -B> _"5<8@-:07K:_ (65;57=K9 :>;) {>;O@=0O 725740.}. =0 2A5340 2848<0 =0 B>< <5AB5, >B:C40 ?@8E>48B : =0< 78<0 8 E>;>4=K5 25B@K. "CB >?>G8205B A>;=F5. 0?@02> >B "5<8@-:07K:0 A>;=F5 2>AE>48B, =0?@>B82 AB0=>28BAO 2 ?>;45=L, 0 =0;52> 70E>48B. -B0 725740 A;C68B =0< 2<5AB> B>3> OI8:0 A AB@5;:>N, :>B>@>9 2K =07K205B5 :><?0A><. >B _'C10=46C;4CA_ (?0ABCHLO 725740) {5=5@0.}, :>B>@0O >7=0G05B 2@5<O, :>340 ?@83>=OBL AB040 A ?>;O 2 0C;K 8 2K3>=OBL =0 ?0AB2C. >B _@:0@_ (48:89 10@0=) {;5O4K.}: MB8 72574K ?@OGCBAO 78<>N, 0 ?>O2;5=85 8E 25A=>N >7=0G05B ?>O2;5=85 =>2>9 B@02K. > O =5 E>GC CB@C640BL B51O =0 ?5@2K9 @07 <=>65AB2>< 8<5=. #G8AL 7=0BL =51> 8 75<;N, GB>1 =5 8<5BL =C64K =8 2 G5<, :@><5 A2>53> <C65AB20. >GL ?@>H;0 1;03>?>;CG=>, 8 <K A 2>AE>645=85< A>;=F0 A=O;8AL A :>G52LO 8 ?CAB8;8AL 2 ?CBL. @>H54 >48=0:8< ?>@O4:><, >:>;> 45AOB8 4=59, <K >AB0=>28;8AL C ?>4=>6LO 3>@K, 70A;>=ONI59 AB5?L >B A525@0, 8 @0A?>;>68;8AL :>G520BL ?>1;87>AB8 @CGLO. 0: AB0@8:8, ?> @07=K< ?@8<5B0<, ?@54A:07K20;8 65AB>:CN 78<C, B> <K 70@0=55 AB0;8 @071820BL 42>9=K5 2>9;>G=K5 N@BK, ?@83>B>2;OBL <=>65AB2> 4@>2, :0<KH0 8 ACE>3> 1C@LO=0. 7 687=5==KE ?@8?0A>2 <K 1>;55 2A53> 703>B>28;8 ACH5=>3> <OA0 8 ?8BLO 87 70:20H5==>9 @60=>9 <C:8, ?>E>653> =0 10@4C 2 28=>:C@=OE. 564C B5<, ?> ?@8:070=8N @A0;0=-AC;B0=0, <5=O 5654=52=> CG8;8 2>8=A:><C 45;C 8 :>==>9 5745. 0G0;8 B5<, GB>, ?@82O702 : A54;C 15H5=>9 ;>H048, ?CAB8;8 2 AB5?L, GB>1 2K3=0BL 87 <5=O, :0: >=8 3>2>@8;8, 3>@>4A:CN B@CA>ABL. =5 =5 4020;8 8=0G5 <OA0, :0: ?>;>682 53> =0 75<;5; 8 O 4>;65= 1K; 4>AB020BL A2>9 >154, ?>4=8<0O >=K9 A ;>H048, A?5@20 H03><, ?>B>< @KALN, 0 =0:>=5F 2> 2AN :>=A:CN ?@KBL. 5G5==K5 =0 C3>;LOE ;5?5H:8 87 <C:8, 25;8G09H55 ;0:><AB2>, O 4>;65= 1K; 4>1K20BL :>?L5< =0 2A5< A:0:C, 8 <=5 4> B5E ?>@ =5 4020;8 >B254K20BL 48G8, ?>:0 O A0< =5 AB0; 4>3>=OBL =0 :>=5 A05: 8 18BL 8E =0309:>N. 0 ;>H04L <=5 =5 ?>72>;O;8 8=0G5 A048BLAO, :0: 2A:0:820O =0 =55 A @07<0EC. "0:8< >1@07><, 4> =0ABC?;5=8O <>@>7>2 O A45;0;AO C40;K< =0574=8:><, A;54CO >4=><C ?@028;C: =C640 :0<5=L 4>;18B.  XIV  !!  !-!#"   +    !! K?0; A=53, 8 :8@387K 1>;LHCN G0ABL 2@5<5=8 ?@>2>48;8 2 A2>8E N@B0E, A84O 2>:@C3 >3=59 8 A;CH0O @0AA:07G8:>2. "01C=K =0H8 8 AB040 =0E>48;8AL 15?@5AB0==> 2 >B:@KB>< ?>;5 8 ?8B0;8AL ?>4A=56=>N B@02>9. @><5 ?5@53>=:8 A:>B0 A <5AB0 =0 <5AB>, AB5@565=8O 53> 8 ?@83>B>2;5=8O ?8I8, 1>;55 <OA=>9 2 78<=55 2@5<O, =0< =5 1K;> =8:0:>9 @01>BK. 8@387K, 2 157459AB288, 682CB 2>>1@065=85<. !:07:8 8E =0?>;=5=K GC45A=>ABLN 8 2>;H51AB2>< 8 2A5340 8<5NB ?@54<5B>< :0:>3>-=81C4L =0574=8:0, :>B>@K9, AB@0=AB2CO 2 AB5?8, A@0605BAO A B8@0=0<8 8 ?@8B5A=8B5;O<8 ?@5:@0A=>3> ?>;0, A 2>;H51=8:0<8, ?>E8I05B :@0A028F, @0718205B 1>30BK5 :0@020=K 8 =0:>=5F 2>72@0I05BAO 2 A2>9 0C; 8 >B4KE05B =0 ;02@0E. N1>2L 2A5340 A;C68B 702O7:>N A8E @0AA:07>2; ?5A=8 8E B0:65 4KH0B =56=>N AB@0AB8N 8 35@>9AB2><. >=8<0O 4>2>;L=> :8@387A:89 O7K:, GB>1 GC2AB2>20BL 2AN 548=>>1@07=>ABL A8E A:07>:, O 2A:>@5 A>A:CG8;AO 8<8 8 >4=064K 25G5@>< ?@>A8; @A0;0=-AC;B0=0 @0AA:070BL <=5 A2>8 8AB8==K5 ?@8:;NG5=8O. = 8A?>;=8; A2>5 ?@56=55 >15I0=85.  A5< @0AA:075 >4=8 <KA;8 ?@8=04;560B @A0;0=-AC;B0=C, ?>B><C GB> ?> ?@>H5AB288 4>;3>3> 2@5<5=8 O =5 <>3 C45@60BL >@838=0;L=>AB8 :8@387A:>3> A;>30. @A0;0= 3>2>@8; ?>-@CAA:8 A =5:>B>@K<8 <0;K<8 >H81:0<8 - B0:, :0: =0H8 7=0B=K5 3>A?>40 8 40<K, ?>;CG82H85 >B :>;K15;8 8=>75<=>5 2>A?8B0=85. = @0AA:070; <=5 A;54CNI55: - "0: AC645=>, GB>1 G5;>25:, >40@5==K9 C<>< 8 4CH>N 15AA<5@B=>N, ?@52>AE>48; 2 7;>AB8 8 65AB>:>AB8 2A5E 15AA<KA;5==KE B20@59 8, =5 4>2>;LAB2COAL B5@70=85< 8 ?>68@0=85< 4@C38E 682>B=KE, 15A?@5AB0==> AB@5<8;AO : 8AB@51;5=8N A2>8E A>1@0B89. "K 2848HL, 20=, GB> <K 2 =0H5< 0C;5 6825< 4@C6=> 8 A>3;0A=>, :0: @>4=K5 1@0BLO, => =5 4C<09, GB>1 MB> 4@C65AB2> 8 MB0 ;N1>2L ?@>AB8@0;8AL =0 25AL =0H @>4. 5B! :064>5 ?;5<O, :0640O >@40 2@064CNB <564C A>1>N; >1840, ?@8G8=5==0O 2 4@C3>< 0C;5 8;8 2 4@C3>9 >@45 >4=><C :8@387C, 4>;6=0 1KBL >B<I5=0 F5;K< 53> 0C;>< 8;8 >@4>N. -B0 >1I0O <5ABL, 8;8 _10@0=B0_, E>BO ?@>AB>9 B>;L:> >1KG09, => A8;L=55 2AO:>3> 70:>=0, 81> ;N48 >1K:=>25==> 1>;55 ?>28=CNBAO 2=CH5=8N 7;KE A2>8E :0G5AB2 8 ;8G=KE 2K3>4, =565;8 ?@028;0< <C4@>AB8. B5F <>9, E>BO 1K; ;N18<F5< E0=0 8 4065 @>4AB25==8:>< 53>, => E0=K =0H8 15AA8;L=K 8 >B5F <>9 =5 <>3 ?>:@>28B5;LAB2>< 70I8B8BLAO >B <I5=8O A8;L=>3> AC;B0=0, =0G0;LAB2>202H53> G87;K:A:8< 8 45@B-:0-@8:A:8< ?;5<5=0<8, A0<K<8 7;59H8<8 2@030<8  >AA88. @54;>3>< A59 @0A?@8 1K;8 ?>;CG5==K5 ?>40@:8 <>8< >BF>< >B  >AA89A:>3> 2>@0, => 2 A0<>< 45;5 2@0640 ?@>8AE>48;0 70 ?@54?>GB5=85, >:070==>5 <>5N <0B5@LN >BFC <>5<C ?@8 A20B>2AB25 >1>8E A>?5@=8:>2. '0ABK5 =01538 8 >A:>@1;5=8O, ?@8G8=O5<K5 2@030<8 0C;0<, ?>4254><AB25==K< <>5<C >BFC, ?@8=C48;8 53> >B:>G520BL 87 2=CB@5==>AB8 AB5?8 : @>AA89A:8< ?@545;0< 8 ?@>A8BL ?><>I8 2 ?>@>E5 8 >@C688 C @CAA:8E.  4>:070B5;LAB2> 25@=>AB8 8 ?@540==>AB8 A2>59 :  >AA88, >B5F <>9 >B40; <5=O A =5A:>;L:8<8 <>;>4K<8 ;N4L<8 2 70;>6=8:8, 65;0O ?@8B><, GB>1 O C2845; A25B, ?@8A<>B@5;AO : ?>@O4:C 2 AB@0=5 ?@>A25I5==>9 8 1K; A> 2@5<5=5< ?>;575= A>>BG8G0< <>8<8 ?>7=0=8O<8. / 1K; B>340 2 B2>8E ;5B0E, 20=; =0A >B>A;0;8 2 >A:2C, 345 =0< 40;8 ?@8AB020, B> 5ABL :075==>3> G8=>2=8:0, :>B>@K9 >1O70= 1K; ?5I8AL > =0H5< A>45@60=88 =0 AG5B :07=K, A>?@>2>640BL <5=O ?>2AN4C, ?>:07K20BL 2A5 ;N1>?KB=>5 8 =01;N40BL 70 =0H8< ?>2545=85<. -B>B G8=>2=8:, 682O 4>;3> =0 @5=1C@3A:>9 ;8=88, 7=0; =5A:>;L:> =0H O7K:. 7 >A:2K =0A >B>A;0;8 2 5B5@1C@3, 345 >B :07=K 40;8 =0< ?5@52>4G8:0 87 B0B0@ 8 CG8B5;O @CAA:>3> O7K:0. @87=0NAL B515, GB> 1;5A: @>A:>H8 8 284 >1I53> 4>2>;LAB20 A=0G0;0 A8;L=> ?>459AB2>20;8 =0 <5=O 8 2>71C48;8 >E>BC 8;8 >AB0BLAO =02A5340 2 3>@>45, 8;8 7025ABL C A51O 3>@>4 8 B0:>9 65 2> 2A5< ?>@O4>:. N1>?KBAB2> <>5 =5 <>3;> =0AKB8BLAO: O E>B5; 2A5 2845BL, 2A5 7=0BL 8 ?;0:0; A 4>A04K, :>340 =5 ?>AB830; 2845==>3> 8;8 =5 ?>=8<0; A;KH0==>3>. <?5@0B@8F5 :0B5@8=5 B>@>9 C3>4=> 1K;> 2845BL <5=O. 5=O >45;8 25;8:>;5?=> 8 ?>257;8 2> 42>@5F 2 :0@5B5, 70?@O65==>9 2 H5ABL ;>H0459 FC3><. ! 3>@4>ABLN ?>3;O4K20; O =0 =0@>4 87 >:>= :0@5BK 8 4C<0;, GB> F5;0O AB>;8F0 70=8<05BAO <=>N, ?>B><C GB> 2A5 >AB0=02;820;8AL 8 A ;N1>?KBAB2>< A<>B@5;8 =0 <5=O. @>5760O G@57 >4=C C;8FC, <K 4>;6=K 1K;8 >AB0=>28BLAO >B <=>65AB20 AB5A=82H53> =0@>40, :>B>@K9 >1ABC?8; =0HC :0@5BC 8 AB0; @0AA?@0H820BL >1> <=5 ?@8AB020. 4@C3 7083@0;0 <C7K:0 8 ?>:070;8AL >157LO=K 2 @0AB2>@5==>< >:=5 1;86=53> 4><0. 0@>4, =5 2KA;CH02 @0AA:070 ?@8AB020, ?>1560; : >157LO=0<, 8 <K A?>:>9=> ?>5E0;8 2?5@54. -B> 1K; ?5@2K9 C40@ <>5<C A0<>;N18N, 8 O 25AL<0 4C@=> 70:;NG8; > =0@>45, ?@54?>G8B0NI5< >157LO= AC;B0=A:><C AK=C. / B>340 =5 ?>AB830;, GB> ?>AB>O==>5 2=8<0=85 :064>3> =0@>40 B0: 65 B@C4=> C45@60BL, :0: ?>AB>O=AB2> 25B@0 8 GB> =0@>4 >1 B>< B>;L:> 2A5340 ?><=8B, G53> 1>8BAO. >AC40@K=O ?@8=O;0 <5=O 25AL<0 <8;>AB82>: >1;0A:0;0, >140@8;0 8 >B?CAB8;0 4><>9, ?>@CG82 25;L<>60< A2>53> 42>@0 8<5BL ?>?5G5=85 >1> <=5 8 225AB8 2 >1I5AB2>, GB>1 O <>3 ;CGH5 AC48BL > 2K3>40E ?@>A25I5=8O. > A;>2C 3>AC40@K=8, O 2>H5; 2 <>4C, :0: =>20O ?@8G5A:0 8;8 =>2K9 ?>:@>9 ?;0BLO. 5 1K;> 2 3>@>45 10;0, 1>;LH>3> >1540, 720=>3> 25G5@0, 345 1 =5 1K;> _:8@387A:>3> :@0A02F0_. "0: ?@>720;8 <5=O 7=0B=K5 65=I8=K, >B B>3> GB> ?@8 2>@5 A:070=> 1K;>: "-B>B :=O75: =5 B0: 4C@5= A>1>N, :0: >?8AK20NB 2>>1I5 :8@387>2". =0B=K5 3>A?>40 8 40<K CB5H0;8AL <>5N ?@>AB>B>N, 0 O CB5H0;AO 8E 1>;B;82>ABLN 8 ;53:><KA;85<, A :>B>@K< >=8 ?@8=8<0;8 1>;LH85 25I8 70 <0;K5, 0 <0;K5 70 1>;LH85. 4=064K O 70AB0; >4=> 4>1@>5 A5<59AB2> 2 A;570E 8 3>@5: 2A5 ?;0:0;8, >B >BF0 4> 3@C4=>3> <;045=F0. - 'B> A 20<8 A45;0;>AL? - A?@>A8; O E>7O9:C. - E, ;N157=K9 :=O7L, 2K 7=0;8 =0H53> 4O4NH:C... - 'B> 65 A =8< A;CG8;>AL? 5 C<5@ ;8 >=? - , 5A;8 1 >= C<5@, B> MB> 1K;> 1K B>;L:> ?>;>28=0 154K, ?>B><C GB> >= C65 =0G8=05B @0AAB@>820BL A2>5 8<5=L5, :>B>@>5 45B8 <>8 4>;6=K ?>;CG8BL 2 =0A;54AB2>; => >=... 0E!.. >= 2?0; 2 =5<8;>ABL C A2>53> A8;L=>3> ?>:@>28B5;O! - 0 GB> 65 B0:0O 2=570?=0O =5<8;>ABL? - 0 =5A:@><=>ABL, 70 O7KG>:. >:@>28B5;L 4O48 3>@48;AO 8 E20AB0; B5<, GB> >= 2K4C<0; =>2K9 A>CA : @K15, 0 <>9 4O4O @0AA:070; ?>4 A5:@5B>< ?@8OB5;O<, GB> MB> 53> A>1AB25==>5 A>G8=5=85, 8 2>B - ?@>I09 4@C610 8 ?>:@>28B5;LAB2>! / =5 <>3 C45@60BLAO >B A<5E0, 8 MB>B A<5E ?@8?8A0= 1K; <>5<C =52565AB2C 8 48:>AB8.  4@C3>9 @07 O =0H5; 2 >BG0O=88 <>53> ?@8OB5;O, <>;>4>3>, >1@07>20==>3> G5;>25:0. = E>B5; 70AB@5;8BLAO, E>B5; 1560BL : =0<, 2 :8@387A:CN AB5?L, GB>1 A:@KBLAO >B A25B0. - 0:>5 =5AG0ABL5 ?>@078;> 20A, ?>GB5==K9 4@C3? - A?@>A8; O 53> A CG0AB85< 8 3>@5ABLN. - N157=K9 :=O7L - O ?@>:;OB >BF><! / C60A=C;AO. - 0:! ?@>:;OBK >BF><! 5C65;8 2K 2?0;8 2 ?@5ABC?;5=85, >A:>@18;8 @>48B5;O? - / =5 ?>H5; 5<C 2 28AB 2 1>AB>=5! - 0:! 8 70 MB> >= 20A ?@>:;O;? - @>:;O; 8 ;8H8; A2>8E <8;>AB59! / ?@8=O;AO A<5OBLAO >B G8AB>3> A5@4F0. - #B5HLB5AL, ?>GB5==K9 4@C3, - A:070; O. - "0:>5 ?@>:;OB85 =5 4>945B 4> =515A 8 >AB0=5BAO ?>4 :0@B>G=K< AB>;8:><, ?>:0 :0:>9-=81C4L 70102=8: =5 ?>415@5B 53>, GB>1 ?>A<5H8BL 4>1@KE ;N459 =0AG5B AC<0A1@>4=>3> ?0?5=L:8. - 45AL 45;> =5 > =515A0E, => > 75<;5, - 2>7@078; ?@8OB5;L, - A;54AB28O MB>3> ?@>:;OB8O - ;8H5=85 <5=O 45=56=>3> ?>A>18O. B5F <>9 @04 B5?5@L, GB> =0H5; A;CG09 >B:070BL <=5 2 45=L30E. - ;O G53> 65 20H ?0?5=L:0 B0: 15@565B 45=L38? - ;O B>3>, GB> :>@<8B 8 ?>8B B>;?C A;CG09=KE ;N459, :>B>@K5 A<5NBAO 70 3;070 =04 53> AB@0ABLN; E20AB05B A2>8<8 >B1>@=K<8 28=0<8 8 :CH0=L5<, :0: 1C4B> MB> 1K;> A;54AB285< C<0, 4>1@>45B5;59, 70A;C3 8 A>AB02;O;> 4>AB>8=AB2> G5;>25:0. - >;O 20H0, 0 2K <=5 :065B5AL A<5H=K A A2>8<8 15AB>;:>2K<8 >1KG0O<8, - A:070; O ?@8OB5;N. - ><C A<5E, 0 :><C 3>@5, - >B25G0; >=. A53> AB@0==55 :070;0AL <=5 >F5=:0 ;N459, ?@8=8<05<KE 2 1>;LH85 >1I5AB20. "0< =5 A?@02;O;8AL =8:>340 =8 >1 C<5, =8 > 4CH52=KE :0G5AB20E, =8 > ?>2545=88 G5;>25:0. 5@2K9 2>?@>A: A:>;L:> 70 =8< 4CH? B>@>9 - :0:>9 G8=? "@5B89 - 2 :0:>< >= @>4AB25? '5B25@BK9 - 2 :0:8E A2O7OE? A;8 =0 2A5 MB8 ?C=:BK >B25BK C4>2;5B2>@O;8 >6840=8O< 8;8 5A;8 E>BO >48= ?C=:B 1K; AB>;L A8;5=, GB> 703;CH0; >AB0;L=K5, B>340, 1C4L ?;CB, >1<0=I8:, 3@018B5;L, ?@8B5A=8B5;L - 425@8 2> 2A5E 4><0E 4;O =53> >B:@KBK, 25745 3>B>20 C;K1:0 ?@8 2AB@5G5 8 =>2>5 ?@83;0H5=85 ?@8 >B?CA:5.  45=L38?.. ! 70 45=L38 =5>B5A0==K9 <C68:, :>B>@K9 70 =5A:>;L:> ;5B ?5@54 B5< ?@>4020; 2>4:C ;0:5O< 8 :CG5@0<, @071>30B52 >1<0=0<8, ?@8=8<05BAO 2 4><5 8E 3>A?>4 ;CGH5, =565;8 154=K9 2>8=, =5 8<5NI89 4@C3>3> ?>:@>28B5;LAB20, :@><5 A2>59 70A;C38.  >154K!.. 0H8 >154K A2>48;8 <5=O A C<0! >4>1=> A>10:0<, :>B>@K5 ;0A:0NBAO : B><C, :B> 8E :>@<8B, 20H8 ?@>A25I5==K5 ;N48 87 ;0:><>3> 1;N40 8;8 1CBK;:8 28=0, :>B>@K5 >=8, 2?@>G5<, <>3CB 8<5BL 4><0, B>;?OBAO 2 4>< :> 2AO:><C ?@>;07C, :> 2AO:><C 3@018B5;N, 8 =5 B>;L:> ?@>I0NB 5<C 53> 15AA>25AB=>ABL, => 4065 70I8I0NB >B ?@02>AC48O. AB0B8 > ?@02>AC488.  20H8E AC40E >4=8 - 83@0NB 2 6<C@:8 8 =0C304 ;>2OB ?@02>3> 8;8 28=>20B>3>; 0 4@C385 - ?@>40NB ?@02>AC485 =0 25A, :0: ;5:0@AB2> 2 0?B5:0E, ?> @5F5?B0< A5:@5B0@59 8 ?>4LOG8E. 4=8< A;>2><, O C4>AB>25@8;AO, GB> 20H5 ?@>A25I5=85 A>AB>8B 2 8A:CAAB25 3>2>@8BL 8 ?8A0BL > B><, GB> ?>;57=> 4;O _4@C38E_, 0 45;0BL B>, GB> ?>;57=> 4;O _A51O_. !;>20 8 45;0 =0E>4OBAO C 20A 2 B0:>9 ?@>B82>?>;>6=>AB8, GB>, 5A;8 :B> A:065B > A515: O G5AB5=, MB> 7=0G8B, GB> >= ?;CB; :B> 3>2>@8B: O 1>30B - >7=0G05B, GB> >= 1545=, B> 5ABL 2 4>;3C; 0 :B> A>7=05BAO A0< 8 :@8G8B 25745, GB> >= 1545=, MB> 7=0G8B, GB> >= 1>30B, => E>G5B 1KBL 5I5 1>30G5. B> :@8G8B >1 >1I59 ?>;L75, MB> 7=0:, GB> >= 8I5B A2>8E A>1AB25==KE 2K3>4, 0 :B> ?@>?>254C5B 2>;L=>ABL, MB> 7=0G8B, GB> >= E>G5B C3=5B0BL 4@C38E. @8A<>B@52H8AL :> 2A5< MB8< ?@52@0B=>ABO< 2 B5G5=85 G5BK@5E ;5B 8 2725A82 20H5 ?@>A25I5=85 8 2K3>4K 3>@>4A:>9 687=8 A =0H8< =52565AB2>< 8 :>G520=85<, O ?>GC2AB2>20; A8;L=>5 65;0=85 2>72@0B8BLAO 2 AB5?8 8 701KBL >1> 2A5<, 2845==>< 8 A;KH0==><, :0: > A=>2845=88. / 2>7=0<5@8;AO C65 ?@>A8BL > ?>72>;5=88, :0: 24@C3 >4=> >1AB>OB5;LAB2> C45@60;> <5=O - ;N1>2L! > ACI5AB2CNI5<C 2  >AA88 >1KG0N, 4;O =0A, 48:8E 078OBF52, =0=8<0;8 :20@B8@C 2 >B40;5==>9 G0AB8 3>@>40, 4;O B>3> GB>1 <K A2>1>4=55 <>3;8 >B?@02;OBL A2>5 1>3>A;C65=85 8 ?@83>B>2;OBL ?8IC ?> =0H5<C >1KG0N, =5 >1@0I0O =0 A51O 2=8<0=8O ;N1>?KB=KE. 4=064K, ?@>E06820OAL ?5H:>< ?> 3;CE>9 C;8F5, O CA;KH0; 2 >4=>9 ;0GC35 @K40=8O 8 60;>AB=K5 2>?;8 65=I8=K. > =52>;L=><C 42865=8N O 21560; 2 4><. >@5AB=>5 7@5;8I5 ?>@078;> <5=O. @5:@0A=0O, :0: 0=35;, 4528F0 45@60;0 2 A2>8E >1JOB8OE AB0@CN 65=I8=C 2 >1<>@>:5 8 ?;0:0;0 2 >BG0O=88, =5 7=0O, :0: ?>A>18BL 59. /, =5 3>2>@O =8 A;>20, 2K1560; 2 A5=8, =0H5; 254@> A 2>4>N, 2>72@0B8;AO 2 :><=0BC A ?>;=K< :>2H><, A?@KA=C; ;8F> 1>;L=>9, AB0; 59 B5@5BL 28A:8 8 68;K =0 @C:0E 8 =0:>=5F ?@825; 2 GC2AB2>, ?5@5=5A =0 :@>20BL 8 ?@>A8; ?>72>;5=8O C :@0A028FK ?>1560BL B>BG0A 70 4>:B>@><. 070;>AL, GB> 4528F0 A=0G0;0 =5 ?@8<5G0;0 <5=O, 1C4CG8 70=OB0 =54C3>< A2>59 <0B5@8, => =0:>=5F >=0 >1@0B8;0 =0 <5=O A2>8 ?@5:@0A=K5 3>;C1K5 3;070, 2 :>B>@KE 1;5AB5;8 5I5 A;57K, 8, ?>:@0A=52, ?>1;03>40@8;0 B8E8< 3>;>A><. >9 :8@387A:89 =0@O4 ?@82>48; :@0A028FC 2 =54>C<5=85: >=0 C:@04:>9 >A<0B@820;0 <5=O A =>3 4> 3>;>2K 8 =5 7=0;0, GB> A:070BL. - 5 ?C309B5AL <5=O, AC40@K=O, - A:070; O, - O :8@387, C@>65=5F 48:8E AB5?59; => 8 C :8@387>2 5ABL B0:65 A5@4F5, 8 >=8 7=0NB, GB> B0:>5 A>AB@040=85 : =5AG0ABLN 1;86=53>. C4LB5 >B:@>25==K A> <=>N, :0: A G5;>25:><, :>B>@K9 ?>G8B05B 70 1>30BCN 4>1KGC 2AO:89 A;CG09 1KBL ?>;57=K< AB@064CI8< 8 =5AG0AB=K<. / 286C, GB> 2K 2 =C645: MB> >1=0@C68205B 20H5 68;8I5. 4>;68B5 <5=O 8 ?@8<8B5 >B <5=O ?>A>185 4;O 1>;L=>9 20H59 <0B5@8. 5 4>6840OAL >B25B0 :@0A028FK, O 1@>A8; =0 AB>; 3>@ABL G5@2>=F52 8 ?>A?5H=> C40;8;AO. 528F0 E>B5;0 C45@60BL <5=O 70 @C:C, C<>;O;0 27OBL =0704 45=L38, => O, =5 A;CH0O, A8;>N 2K@20;AO 8 ?>1560; >?@><5BLN 4><>9. / 2845; <=>3> @CAA:8E :@0A028F, 8 =8:>340 >=5 =5 ?@>872>48;8 2> <=5 A8;L=>3> 2?5G0B;5=8O. > >1@07 MB>9 154=>9 452CH:8 2@570;AO 2 <>5< A5@4F5 8 ?0<OB8. =0 4=5< 8 =>GLN ?@54AB02;O;0AL <>5<C 2>>1@065=8N, 8 O <CG8;AO 1>;55 =545;8, =5 7=0O, GB> 45;0BL A A>1>N 8 =5 A<5O 2>72@0B8BLAO : =59 2 4><, >?0A0OAL, GB>1 >=0 <=5 =5 >B40;0 >1@0B=> 45=53 8 B5< =5 ;8H8;0 A51O ?>A>18O. 0?@0A=> O A8;8;AO 701KBL :@0A028FC: >=0 ?>A5;8;0AL 2> <=5, :0: 687=L, :0: 4CH0, 8 <>O 078OBA:0O :@>2L :8?5;0, :0: 1C4B> 2 A5@4F5 <>5< ?K;0;> ?;0<O. 8 @072;5G5=8O 1>;LH>3> >1I5AB20, =8 GB5=85, :>B>@>5 O G@572KG09=> ;N18;, =8 C548=5=85 =5 <>3;8 <5=O CA?>:>8BL. 0:>=5F, O @5H8;AO C2845BL A=>20 :@0A028FC. / ?>H5; : =59 25G5@><. 0:0O-B> =5?>AB868<0O @>1>ABL C45@60;0 <5=O ?@8 2E>45; O >AB0=>28;AO ?>4 >:=><, 70?5@BK< AB02=O<8, 8 CA;KH0; A?>@ 2 :><=0B5 8 =58725AB=K5 <=5 3>;>A0. - !BK48B5AL, AC40@L, ABK48B5AL! - A:070;0 65=I8=0. - 0:. 2K A<55B5 ?@54;030BL <=5 15AG5AB85, 2 >1<5= 70 20H5 ?>:@>28B5;LAB2>, :>B>@K< O 3=CH0NAL. >A<>B@8B5 =0 4>GL <>N: >=0 =5 <>65B ?@>87=5ABL A;>20 >B 871KB:0 =53>4>20=8O, =5 E>G5B >A:25@=8BL A51O C:>@87=0<8. K, 154=K5, 15770I8B=K5 A8@>BK, 8 >BB>3> 2K B0: 45@7:8; => 5A;8 1 <C6 <>9 1K; 682, =5278@0O =0 20H5 1>30BAB2> 8 7=0B=>ABL, >= 1K C<5; 70AB028BL 20A >1@07C<8BLAO. - >;=>, ?>;=>, <0BCH:0, =5 3=5209B5AL, - 2>7@078; >E@8?;K9 3>;>A, - 3>@074> ;CGH5 >B40BL 4>GL <=5 =0 2>A?8B0=85, =565;8 70<C6 70 :0:>3>-=81C4L ?>4LOG53> 8;8 C=B5@->D8F5@0.  BK, :@0A028F0, =5 48G8AL, ?>4>948, ?>72>;L ?>F5;>20BL A51O 2 MB8 @>7>2K5 I5G:8! - AB02LB5 <5=O 2 ?>:>5! - 70:@8G0;0 :@0A028F0, 8 O CA;KH0; ABC: >?@>:8=CB>3> AB>;0. KA;L >1 >A:>@1;5=88 =528==>AB8 2>A?;0<5=8;0 <5=O 3=52><; :0: 15H5=K9 21560; O 2 :><=0BC 8 C2845;, GB> 4@OE;K9 AB0@8G8H:0, >45BK9 I53>;5<, B0I8B : A515 70 @C:8 :@0A028FC 8 E>G5B =0A8;L=> ?>F5;>20BL 55. / AE20B8; 53> ?>?5@5:, 2K=5A :0: :C;L A>;><K =0 42>@ 8 1@>A8; A @07<0EC 2 3@O7L. 20 ;0:5O, AB>O2H85 70 C3;>< 4><8:0, ?@81560;8 =0 :@8: A2>53> 3>A?>48=0 8 :8=C;8AL =0 <5=O. > >BG0O=L5 8 60640 <5AB8 C42>8;8 <>8 A8;K. / AE20B8; 2 :064CN @C:C ?> ?>;5=C 4@>2, =0?0; =0 <>8E ?@>B82=8:>2 8 2K3=0; 8E 70 2>@>B0. !B0@K9 2>;>:8B0 ?>1560; : :0@5B5, :>B>@0O AB>O;0 =0 C3;C C;8FK, 8 720; : A515 A2>8E A;C68B5;59. A:>@5 O CA;KH0;, GB> :0@5B0 ?>5E0;0 ?> C;8F5 2> 2AN :>=A:CN ?@KBL, 70?5@ :0;8B:C 8 2>72@0B8;AO 2 :><=0BC. !;57K 1;03>40@=>AB8 1K;8 <>5N =03@04>9. 0BL 1;03>40@8;0 <5=O 70 >:070==CN <8;>ABL 8 ?>:@>28B5;LAB2>; 4>GL <>;G0;0, => 55 <>;G0=85 1K;> 3>@074> :@0A=>@5G8255 A;>2 AB0@CE8. !B0@CH:0 @0AA:070;0 <=5 A2>N 8AB>@8N. C6 55 A;C68; :><8AA0@>< 2> D;>B5 8 1K; G5AB=K9 G5;>25:. >A;5 A2>59 A<5@B8 >= =5 >AB028; 8< 4@C3>3> =0A;54AB20, :@><5 ?@020 =0 ?>;CG5=85 =51>;LH>9 AC<<K 87 :07=K, 70 ?@87K, A45;0==K5 M:8?065< :>@01;O, =0 :>B>@>< >= A;C68;. @55<=8: 53> ?@54AB028; =0 ?>:>9=>3> :0:85-B> =0G5BK, 2 >?@0240=85 ?>A;>28FK, GB> C<5@H85 8 >BACBAB2CNI85 2A5340 28=>20BK. 5;> =0E>48;>AL 2 B> 2@5<O C MB>3> A;04>AB@0AB=>3> AB0@8G8H:8, :>B>@K9, C28452 !>D8N, ?@54;>68; 59 15AG5AB85< :C?8BL 2K3>4=K9 ?@83>2>@ ?> 45;C 8 ?>:@>28B5;LAB2> =0 1C4CI55 2@5<O.  07C<55BAO, GB> 5<C >B:070;8 A 3>@4>ABLN, ?@8;8G=>N 1;03>@>4=K< 4CH0<; => AB0@8G8H:0 =5 >AB028; A2>8E ?@5A;54>20=89 8 4065 AB0; AB@0I0BL =5AG0AB=CN <0BL, GB> 55 ?>A04OB 2 BN@L<C 70 CB@0BC :075==KE 25I59, 5A;8 4>GL =5 ?5@5AB0=5B C?@O<8BLAO. >340 O =0H5; <0BL 2 >1<>@>:5, B>340 >=0 ?>;CG8;0 MB> 8725AB85. 0BL 8 4>GL 68;8 B@C40<8 @C: A2>8E, 2KH820O 4;O <>4=KE <03078=>2; => 3=CA=K9 AB0@8G8H:0, GB>1 4>25ABL =5AG0AB=CN 65@B2C 4> :@09=>AB8, ;8H8; 154=CN A5<LN 8 MB>3> A@54AB20, ?;0BO 2 <03078=0E 70 B> B>;L:>, GB>1 =8G53> =5 ?>:C?0;8 C !>D88 8 =5 70:07K20;8 =8:0:>9 @01>BK. 8I5B0, >4=> 87 25;8G09H8E =5AG0AB89, A@548 2A5>1I59 @>A:>H8 ?@>A25I5==KE =0@>4>2, 2A:>@5 ?>A5B8;0 4>1@>45B5;L=>5 A5<59AB2>, 8 5A;8 1 O =5 O28;AO : =8< :AB0B8, B> !>DLO =0=O;0AL 1K ?>;>BL 2 >3>@>45, GB>1 ?@>:>@<8BL 1>;L=CN 8 A;01CN A2>N <0BL; 81>, :@><5 ?>A;54=59 ?0@K ?;0BLO, 2A5 C65 1K;> ?@>40=>. / =8:>340 2 687=8 <>59 =5 ?@>;820; A;57 8 2 ?5@2K9 @07 70?;0:0; ?@8 @0AA:075 AB0@CH:8 >1 55 154AB28OE. - >72>;LB5 <=5 2<5H0BLAO 2 MB> 45;>, - A:070; O. - A;8 O =5 =094C ?@02>AC48O <564C 7=0B=K<8, B> =094C 53> 2KH5. - AB02LB5 MB>, 4>1@K9 :=O7L, - 2>7@078;0 AB0@CH:0, - ?>:0 A>;=KH:> 27>945B, @>A0 3;070 2K5AB. K =0<5@5=K >B:070BLAO >B 8A:0 8 C40;8BLAO 2 40;L=89 3>@>4, : =0H8< @>4=K<. A;8 2K 8<55B5 7=0:><KE, B> ?>?@>A8B5 B>;L:>, GB>1 MB>B 3>A?>48=, :>B>@>3> 2K 745AL 2845;8, =0A =5 ?@5A;54>20;. = =07K205BAO $8@N;L:8= 8 8<55B G8= 35=5@0;LA:89. >, ?>60;C9B5, =5 O2;O9B5AL : =5<C, ?>B><C GB> >= <>65B >B<AB8BL 20< 70 20HC 2A?K;LG82>ABL. 564C B5< 2>7L<8B5 >1@0B=> A2>8 45=L38: <K =5 <>65< ?@8=OBL 2 ?>40@>: B0:>9 1>;LH>9 AC<<K. - 5=L38 2K <=5 >B4048B5, :>340 ?>;CG8B5 87 :07=K GB> 20< A;54C5B; GB> 65 :0A05BAO 4> 3<>A?>48>=0 $8@N;L:8=0, B> =5 >?0A09B5AL: >= <=5 =5 AB@0H5=. @>1K2 =5A:>;L:> 2@5<5=8 A MB8<8 =5AG0AB=K<8, O 2>72@0B8;AO, 1>;55 2;N1;5==K9 2 !>D8N, =565;8 ?@5645. 0 4@C3>9 45=L ?>CB@C O ?>H5; 2 ?@8ACBAB25==>5 <5AB>, 345 70A540; $8@N;L:8=, 8 4>640;AO 53> =0 ;5AB=8F5. = C60A=C;AO, C28452 <5=O, 8 25@=> 1 ?5@5<5=8;AO 2 ;8F5 - 5A;8 1K <>3. > C =53> =5 1K;> :0?;8 :@>28 2 B5;5. - 'B> 20< C3>4=>, ;N157=K9 :=O7L? - A:070; >=, 708:0OAL. - 5@53>2>@8BL A 20<8 =0548=5. - G5=L @04, B>;L:> 745AL =5 <5AB>. >60;C9B5 :> <=5 2 4><, 702B@0 ?>CB@C, G0A>2 2 452OBL. / ?@8<C 20A A C4>2>;LAB285<. 0 4@C3>9 45=L O 4> CA;>2;5==>3> G0A0 1K; C65 2 ?5@54=59 $8@N;L:8=0. 0:58 8<5;8 ?>25;5=85 2?CAB8BL <5=O; => :0: 2 70;5 1K;> =5A:>;L:> ?@>A8B5;59, 0 2 :018=5B5 A5:@5B0@L A 45;0<8, B> :0<5@48=5@ ?>25; <5=O 2> 2=CB@5==85 :><=0BK, G@57 C1>@=CN $8@N;L:8=0. @>E>4O <8<>, O =52>;L=> >AB0=>28;AO, GB>1 @0AA<>B@5BL 25I8, :>B>@KE O ?@5645 =5 284K20;. - 'B> 7=0G0B MB8 420 AB530=K5 <5H>G:0 A ?>42O7:0<8? - A?@>A8; O. - -B> 8:@K <>53> 3>A?>48=0, - >B25G0; ;0:59. -  MB> GB> 70 G5@5?? - -B> 53> 2>;>AK. -  MB8 :>AB8? - -B> 53> 7C1K. - 0 GB> 65 MB8 :@0A:8 =0 AB>;8:5 <564C I5B:0<8, ?C4@>N 8 ?><04>9? - -B> F25B ;8F0 <>53> 10@8=0. - %>@>H! - A:070; O A =0A<5H:>N. - # =53> =5B =8 B5;0, =8 4CH8. - 728=8B5, - >B25G0; :0<5@48=5@. - # =53> B@8 BKAOG8 4CH: MB> 206=55, =565;8 >4=0 A2>O. / ?>=O; 70<5G0=85 ;C:02>3> :0<5@48=5@0 8 70:;NG8; 87 MB>3>, GB> $8@N;L:8= 4>;65= 1KBL =53>4=K< G5;>25:>< 2> 2A5E >B=>H5=8OE, :>340 A;C38 =5 8<5NB : =5<C C2065=8O. 5=O ?>720;8 2 :018=5B. $8@N;L:8= 27O; <5=O 70 @C:C 8 25AL<0 ;0A:>2> ?>?@>A8; A048BLAO. - 01C45< > ?@>H54H5<, - A:070; >=. - K ?>ABC?8;8 A> <=>N 25AL<0 =5256;82>, => O ?@>I0N 20<, ?>B><C GB> 2K =5 7=05B5 ?@028; =0H53> >1I568B8O. # =0A <>6=> C18BL, 70AB@5;8BL G5;>25:0, => =5 4>;6=> ?@8:0A0BLAO : =5<C 157>@C6=>N @C:>9. ?@>G5<, 20< =5 70 GB> 1K;> A5@48BLAO =0 <5=O. / B0: 65 8A:0; 48G8, :0: 8 2K, 8 =5 7=0;, GB> MB0 3>;C18F0 C65 ?>4AB@5;5=0 20<8. - @>HC 3>2>@8BL 157 >18=O:>2, - A:070; O, 2>72KA82 3>;>A. - / B>;L:> 420 @070 2 687=8 2845; 154=CN 452CH:C, :>B>@CN 2K ?@5A;54C5B5, 8 @5H8;AO 70I8I0BL 55 87 >4=>3> A>AB@040=8O. - !>AB@040=85 2 :8@387A:>9 AB5?8! - ;C:02> A:070; $8@N;L:8=. - 3> B0< 1>;55, =565;8 2 20H8E ?>7>;>G5==KE ?0;0B0E 8 2 20H8E AC40E, - >B25G0; O A 4>A04>N. - > :0: 1K B> =8 1K;>, 5A;8 2K =5 >B:065B5AL >B ?@5A;54>20=8O !>DL8 8 5A;8 =5 @5H8B5 45;0 ?>:>9=>3> 55 >BF0 ?> 70:>=0<, B> O :;O=CAL 20< AG0AB85< <>59 687=8, GB> A0< C?04C : =>30< ?@02>AC4=>9 3>AC40@K=8 8 1C4C =0 20A 60;>20BLAO; 0 <564C B5< @0AA:06C 2A5< 25;L<>60< 8 ?@842>@=K< > =0H59 2AB@5G5 C !>DL8. - >B8H5, ?>B8H5, =5 3>@OG8B5AL! - A:070; $8@N;L:8=. - =5 157 B>3> ?@8OB=> >4>;68BL :8@387A:>3> :=O7O: O 40N 20< G5AB=>5 A;>2>, GB> 701C4C > ACI5AB2>20=88 20H59 !>D88 8 702B@0 65 ?>4?8HC ?@83>2>@ 2 ?>;L7C 55 <0B5@8, ?>B><C GB> 45;> C65 :>=G5=>. #A;>285 - =8:><C =8 A;>20. - >B 20< @C:0 <>O! - $8@N;L:8= ?>F5;>20; <5=O 8 ?>A?5H=> 2K25; 87 :018=5B0. / ?>A?5H8; : !>D88 A MB>N @04>AB=>N 25ABLN 8 1K; A=>20 >AK?0= ;0A:0<8 8 1;03>40@=>ABLN. 0 4@C3>9 45=L ?@83>2>@ 1K; ?>4?8A0=, 8 G@57 =545;N C?;0G5=K 45=L38. $8@N;L:8= =5 O2;O;AO 1>;55 2 B>9 G0AB8 3>@>40, 345 68;0 !>D8O. = A45@60; A2>5 A;>2>: O 4C<0N, 2 ?5@2K9 @07 2 687=8. / ?5@5AB0; 4C<0BL > 2>72@0I5=88 2 AB5?8. !>DLO ;N18;0 <5=O; O 1K; AG0AB;82 8 68; =>2>N 687=8N. K A:@K20;8 ;N1>2L =0HC >B <0B5@8, ?>B><C GB> >=0 =8 70 GB> 1K =5 A>3;0A8;0AL 2K40BL 4>GL A2>N 70 <03><5B0=8=0. / =5 7=0;, =0 GB> @5H8BLAO. !<5@BL <0B5@8 40;0 !>DL5 ?>;=>5 ?@02> @0A?>;030BL A>1>N. >1@0O AB0@CH:0, C4@CG5==0O ;5B0<8 8 3>@5ABO<8, C<5@;0 A ?>;3>40 ?>A;5 =0H53> 7=0:><AB20. !>DLO >AB0;0AL A8@>B>N 8 >1JO28;0 <=5, GB> >=0 3>B>20 A;54>20BL 70 <=>N =5 B>;L:> 2 AB5?L, => =0 :@09 A25B0, 2 157;N4=K5 ?CABK=8. 04>1=> 1K;> 27OBL =5:>B>@K5 ?@54>AB>@>6=>AB8. !>DLO ?>5E0;0 2?5@54 2 @5=1C@3, 0 O, 8A?@>A82 ?>72>;5=85 C 3>AC40@K=8, >B?@028;AO ?>A;5. 5 7=0O, ?>72>;8B ;8 >B5F <>9 65=8BLAO =0 154=>9 A8@>B5, O >AB028; !>DLN 2 A>A54=5< 0C;5, C ?@8OB5;59, 8 O28;AO : >BFC >48=. - 0BNH:0! - A:070; O. - "K 8A?KB0; ;N1>2L 8, 25@=>, =5 >AC48HL AK=0, 5A;8 >= 2K15@5B A515 65=C ?> 65;0=8N A5@4F0, 0 =5 ?> @0AG5BC. - =5 1K E>B5;>AL, GB>1 BK 65=8;AO =0 4>G5@8 AC;B0=0, <>53> 1;03>45B5;O, - A:070; <=5 >B5F, - => 5A;8 BK C65 2K1@0; A515 =525ABC 8 =5 E>G5HL 4@C38E 65= - B2>O 2>;O. 54L =5 <=5, 0 B515 68BL A B2>5N 65=>9! / @0AA:070; 5<C A2>5 ?@8:;NG5=85, 8 B>3> 65 4=O !>DLO 1K;0 2 53> >1JOB8OE. 0H8 AB0@CE8 A5@48;8AL 70 B>, GB> O 65=8;AO =0 8=>75<:5; <>;>4K5 452CH:8 =53>4>20;8, => E@01@K5 <>8 =0574=8:8 A>3;0A8;8AL, GB> !>D8O AB>8B 1KBL :8@387:>N. !0< E0= E>B5; 2845BL 65=C <>N 8 ?>E20;8; <>9 2K1>@. @A0;0= C<>;: 8 70:@K; @C:0<8 ;8F> A2>5. / 2845; 53> A;57K. 0:>=5F >= A:070;: - / 45AOBL ;5B 1K; AG0AB;82 A !>D85N. 0N: - ?;>4 =0H59 ;N128. =0 C<5@;0! > >1KG0N =0H53> =0@>40 8 ?> 2>;5 E0=0, O 4>;65= 1K; 65=8BLAO; C <5=O B5?5@L B@8 65=K: >=8 4>1@K5 65=I8=K, BK 7=05HL 8E. > O ;N18; >4=C !>DLN 8 =8:>340 =5 CB5HCAL 2 55 ?>B5@5. 20=! 25@L <=5, 2 AB5?OE :8@387A:8E 7=0NB ;N1>2L 8 4@C61C, E>BO =5 C<5NB :@0A=> >1 =8E @0AA:07K20BL. "5?5@L BK 7=05HL, >BG53> O ;N1;N @CAA:8E. !>DLO A>548=O5B <5=O A 20<8. >B >B G53>, 2>?@5:8 =0H5<C >1KG0N, O >1E>6CAL A B>1>N, <>8< =52>;L=8:><, :0: A @02=K<. / 1K; AG0AB;82 A @CAA:>N; @CAA:0O :@>2L B5G5B 2 68;0E <>53> 0N:0, 8 E>BO O 2 B2>5< >B5G5AB25 2845; <=>3> 3;C?>AB59, => MB> ?@8=04;56=>ABL 2A5E ?@>A2OI5==KE =0@>4>2, :0: O C7=0; 87 :=83, 8 2K B>;L:> 2 B>< 28=>20BK, GB> ?5@5=8<05B5 GC685 3;C?>AB8. / =0H5; 2  >AA88 <=>3> 4>1@KE ;N459, 4>AB>9=KE 68BL A =0<8, 2 MB8E AB5?OE - 8 ?0<OBL 8E 4>@>30 4;O <5=O. "5?5@L ABC?09 A?0BL, 20=! =5 3@CAB=>; O AO4C =0 :>=O 8 2 AB5?8 @0725N 3@CABL <>N. >A?><8=0=85 ?@>H;KE 154 CB5H05B G5;>25:0, 0 2>A?><8=0=85 <8=C2H8E, =52>72@0B=KE @04>AB59 =0?>;=O5B A5@4F5 3>@5ABLN. @>AB8... 59, :>=O <>53>! @A0;0= 2A:>G8; =0 A2>53> 65@51F0 8, ?@8 A25B5 ;C=K, ?CAB8;AO 2 AB5?L, 2> 2AN :>=A:CN ?@KBL. =5 A0<><C 1K;> 3@CAB=>: O ;N18; 4>1@>3> AC;B0=0 2A5< A5@4F5<.  XV !!"/ !" +  !". .  !"/ !" ' !  +  " K 6825< 2 15A?@5AB0==>< 701;C645=88 8 =5 8=0G5 2848< ?@54<5BK, :0: 2 >B@065=88, 2 2>;H51=>< 75@:0;5 AB@0AB59. > 5A;8 G5;>25:C 8728=8B5;L=> 701;C645=85, B> MB> 2 B0:>< B>;L:> A;CG05, :>340 >=, C2;5G5==K9 GC2AB2><, =5 2848B =54>AB0B:>2 2 @>48B5;OE A2>8E 8 2 A2>5< >B5G5AB25. !:>;L:> =8 AB0@0;AO 1;03>@>4=K9 @A0;0= ?@52>7=>A88BL A2>8 AB5?8, => =8 :@0A=>@5G85 53> >1@07>20==>3> C<0, =8 ?K;:>ABL 48:>3> ?8B><F0 =0BC@K =5 <>3;8 70AB028BL <5=O ?>701KBL  >AA8N. 8<0 C42>8;0 <>N ?5G0;L. 82O 2 B5A=>9 N@B5, A 0N:>< 8 =5A:>;L:8<8 53> B>20@8I0<8, 8 =0E>4O 548=AB25==>5 CA;0645=85 2 15A540E A @A0;0=><, O A:CG0; 2 4;8==K5 25G5@0 8 <KA;8; > <>5< >B5G5AB25 8 > <>59 4>1@>9 B5B:5, :>B>@0O, 25@>OB=>, 1K;0 2 >BG0O=88, C7=02, GB> O ?@>?0; 157 25AB8. @C10O ?8I0, =5G8AB>B0, 4K< 2 N@B0E 8 65AB>:0O ABC60 2 AB5?8, 345 =04;560;> 45;0BL @07J574K 8 AB>@>68BL AB040, 1K;8 4;O <5=O BO3>AB=K 8 70AB02;O;8 A8;L=55 GC2AB2>20BL B>, G53> O ;8H8;AO. 0:>=5F, ABC60 C25;8G8;0AL 4> =525@>OB=>9 AB5?5=8. !B040 =0H8 =5 <>3;8 4>1K20BL 87-?>4 A=530 B@02K, :>B>@0O ?@8B>< ;8H8;0AL A2>59 ?8B0B5;L=>9 A8;K. 5B5;8 70AK?0;8 A:>B A=53>< 8 ?@>=8F0B5;L=K5 E>;>4=K5 25B@K AB5A=O;8 4KE0=85 682>B=KE. 0:>=5F ?>O28;>AL 154AB285, C60A=>5 4;O :>GCNI53> ?;5<5=8: A:>BA:89 ?0456. "I5B=> 10:AK C?>B@51;O;8 A2>8 3040=8O 8 ;5G5=8O: AB040 =0H8 8 B01C=K 15A?@5AB0==> C<5=LH0;8AL 8 =5 1K;> A@54AB20 ?@5A5GL ?0456. 065 74>@>2K5 682>B=K5, A:8B0OAL <564C A=56=K<8 1C3@0<8 157 ?8I8 8 =5 8<5O A8; @073@510BL 3;C1>:89 8 B25@4K9 A=53, ?040;8 >B 87=5<>65=8O. ! A8< 2<5AB5 >:070;AO =54>AB0B>: 2 AJ5AB=KE ?@8?0A0E 8 2 4@>20E. #=K=85 @07;8;>AL 2 A5@4F0E. <5AB> 25A5;KE ?5A5= A;KH=K 1K;8 A28AB 25B@>2 8 @52 874KE0NI8E 682>B=KE. 5=I8=K 8 45B8 B08;8 A2>8 A;57K ?@54 <C6LO<8 8 >BF0<8, => ?@8B2>@=>5 @02=>4CH85 =5 <>3;> A:@KBL 2A5>1I59 ?5G0;8. @A0;0= 1>;55 2A5E >:07K20; <C65AB20. = A2>8< ?@8<5@>< ?>>I@O; : @01>B5. = A0< ?@8ACBAB2>20; ?@8 >1I8E B@C40E 8 >1>4@O; C=K;KE; A0< 4>1K20; :>@< 4;O 25@E>2KE ;>H0459 87-?>4 A=56=KE 3;K1; A0< 5748; A =0<8 70 :0<KH>< 8 70 25B2O<8 <>;>4KE 45@52; A0< >A<0B@820; AB040 8 @0A?@545;O; 4;O =8E =>2K5 ?0AB18I0. ?0A0OAL, GB>1 ?0456 =5 ;8H8; =0A 2>2A5 ?@>4>2>;LAB28O, <K C18;8 1>;LHCN G0ABL 10@0=>2 8 70@K;8 <OA> 2 75<;N, C?>B@51;OO A 1>;LH>N 15@56;82>ABLN =0H8 ACE85 70?0AK. > AG0AB8N, 1>30BK5 :8@387K 70?0A;8AL :8@?8G=K< G05< {!0<K9 ?@>AB>9 8 45H52K9 G09, C?>B@51;O5<K9 1>;55 2 !818@8 <>=3>;LA:8<8 ?>:>;5=8O<8. = ?@>405BAO 2 :CA:0E, =0?>4>185 :8@?8G0, 8 2 ?>3@0=8G=KE :8B09A:8E 3>@>40E A;C68B 2<5AB> <>=5BK. >;8G5AB2>< A8E :CA:>2 G0N >F5=820NB 25I8.}, :>B>@K9 <K ?8;8 ?> =5A:>;L:C @07 2 45=L, ?@83>B>2;OO 53> A?5@20, :0: AC?, A <>;>:><, <0A;>< 8 A>;LN, 0 ?>A;5, :>340 =5 4>AB020;> <>;>:0 8 <0A;0, - ?@>AB> A A>;LN 8 10@0=L8< 68@><. -B>B =0?8B>: ?>445@6820; A8;K <>8.  60=0O <C:0, :>B>@>N @A0;0=-AC;B0= 70?0AAO 2 @5=1C@35, A;C68;0 B>;L:> 4;O ;0:><AB20. 8@387K =5 C?>B@51;ONB E;510, => 20@OB 87 <C:8 @>4 :0H8 8 ?5:CB ;5?5H:8 =0 C3>;LOE. !0@0G8=A:>5 ?H5=> 1K;> B>;L:> C >4=>3> AC;B0=0, 8 B> 2 <0;>< :>;8G5AB25. H5=> 15@53;8 4;O 65=I8= 8 4;O 1>;L=KE. %>BO <K =5 GC2AB2>20;8 5I5 =0AB>OI53> 3>;>40, => A ;8H5=85< AB04 MB> 154AB285 C3@>60;> =0< : 25A=5. 0:>=5F ?@>H;0 78<0, A=53 @0AB0O;, 75<;O 7075;5=5;0, ?0456 ?@5:@0B8;AO, => <K >AB0;8AL 154=K<8. 57 2=5H=53> ?>A>18O 3>;>4 4>;65= 1K; ?>AB83=CBL =0A 5I5 4> :>=F0 25A=K. A5 MB> ?@542845;8, => =5 7=0;8, =0 GB> @5H8BLAO. 5:>B>@K5 ?>3>20@820;8, GB>1 2ABC?8BL 2 @CAA:CN A;C61C, =0 60;>20=L5; 4@C385 E>B5;8 ?@>A8BL ?><>I8 C E0=0. @A0;0= 2>7=0<5@8;AO A8;>N ?>1548BL =5AG0AB85. 4=064K >= ?@83;0A8; : A515 AB0@H8=, 8 :>340 2A5 CA5;8AL =0 ?>;C 8 70:C@8;8 B@C1:C, >= ?@>87=5A A;54CNICN @5GL: - 1O70==>ABL <>O ?5I8AL >1 20A: O 45;0N, GB> <>3C, => ?@8 2A5< MB>< O =5 2 A8;0E 1K; =8 ?@5:@0B8BL <>@>70, =8 ?@5A5GL ?04560. 5 E>GC A:@K20BL ?5@54 20<8, GB> =0< C3@>605B 5I5 1>;LH55 =5AG0AB85. @038 =0H8, C7=02 > =0H59 A;01>AB8 8 =C645, =0?04CB =0 =0A 8 8AB@51OB 2A5E 8;8 A45;0NB A2>8<8 @010<8. ">;L:> >BG0O==>5 <C65AB2> <>65B A?0AB8 =0A.  >G5284=KE >?0A=>ABOE ;CGH5 ?@54C?@5640BL 154AB285 A>?@>B82;5=85<, =565;8 <0;>4CH=> >6840BL C40@0. / ?>;CG8; 8725AB85, GB> 1>30BK9 :0@020= 845B G5@57 AB5?8 8 GB> 2@03 =0H53> ?;5<5=8, AC;B0= ;BK=, ?@>2>605B :0@020= A ;CGH8<8 A2>8<8 =0574=8:0<8. !O45< =0 :>=59 8 ?>945< : =5<C =02AB@5GC, @07>1L5<, 2>7L<5< :0@020= 8 >4=8< A<5;K< ?>4283>< >15A?5G8< A51O 8 >B 2@030, 8 >B 3>;>4C. >B <>5 =0<5@5=85. 1JO28B5 MB> C40;LF0< <>8<. B> =5 1>8BAO A<5@B8 8 :B> 65;05B A?0AB8 A2>9 @>4 >B ?>=>H5=8O 8 154, B>B ?>945B A> <=>N. / =5 2>7L<C =8:>3>, :@><5 >E>B=8:>2. 5:>B>@K5 AB0@H8=K E>B5;8 2>7@060BL, => @A0;0= 2AB0; A A2>53> <5AB0 8 A:070;: - / =8:>3> =5 ?@8=C640N 84B8 A> <=>N. ><C =5 =@028BAO <>5 =0<5@5=85, B>B <>65B >AB0BLAO 2 0C;5 8 ?>A;5 <>53> >BJ5740 B>;:>20BL GB> 5<C C3>4=>. > B5?5@L O ?@>HC 20A ?>2B>@8BL B>;L:> 2 20H8E A5<59AB20E <>8 A;>20, 157 2AO:8E B>;:>2; 0 5A;8 O C7=0N, GB> :B>-=81C4L >A<5;8BAO ?>A520BL @074>@K, ?><=8B5, GB> C @A0;0=-AC;B0=0 5ABL :8=60;, 0@:0= 8 =0309:0. @>I09B5! A5 2KH;8 2 157<>;288, 8 @A0;0= 25;5; <=5 >AB0BLAO. - C, 0 BK, 20=, ?>945HL A> <=>N 8;8 >AB0=5HLAO A 1010<8? -  07C<55BAO, A B>1>9, 2 >3>=L 8 2 2>4C! - 2>A:;8:=C; O. @A0;0= A5; =0 75<;N, 704C<0;AO 8, ?><>;G02 =5<=>3>, A:070;: -  074C<09 E>@>H5=L:>, 20=; <K 845< ?>GB8 =0 25@=CN A<5@BL.  >BG0O==>< ?>;>65=88 =0H5< O =5 286C 4@C3>3> A@54AB20 : 87102;5=8N, :0: =0153. > =0< 4>;6=> 1C45B 4@0BLAO A E@01@K<8 8 A8;L=K<8 ?@>B82=8:0<8: 8E, 25@=>, 242>5 1>;55 =0A, 8 5A;8 <K =5 ?>1548<, B> 4>;6=K C<5@5BL. /, :0: =0G0;L=8:, 4>;65= ?>4020BL A>1>N ?@8<5@ 8 A:@K20BL ?5@54 A2>8<8 >?0A=>ABL. > A B>1>N O E>GC 1KBL >B:@>25==K<. =5 60;L B51O. 0N B515 2>;L=>ABL. >7L<8 <>53> :>=O 8 ABC?09 : A2>8<. 0G5< B515 @0745;OBL 3>@L:CN <>N CG0ABL? / 1@>A8;AO >1=8<0BL 4>1@>3> AC;B0=0 8, B@>=CBK9 4> A;57, >B25G0;: - 5B, @A0;0=-AC;B0=, O =5 >AB02;N B51O 2 >?0A=>AB8! 8@387 =5 ?@527>945B @CAA:>3> 2 25;8:>4CH88. "K A?0A <=5 687=L; BK >1E>48;AO A> <=>N =5 :0: A @01><, => :0: A AK=><, :0: A 4@C3><; BK =0CG8; <5=O 2;045BL >@C685<, - 8 O 1K; 1K =54>AB>8= A2>1>4K, 5A;8 1 1K; AB>;L <0;>4CH5=, GB> 1560; >B B51O, :>340 BK 845HL =0 A<5@BL. / ?>94C A B>1>N; 1C4C 4@0BLAO 2>7;5 B51O; 70:@K20BL B51O A2>8< B5;>< 8;8 ?>381=C 2<5AB5, 8;8 1C4C A B>1>9 B>@65AB2>20BL ?>154C. @A0;0= ?>F5;>20; <5=O 8 A:2>7L A;57K A:070;: - KBL B0:! 0 4@C3>9 45=L, A @0AA25B><, AB> >B;8G=KE =0574=8:>2 1K;8 C65 2> 2A59 3>B>2=>AB8 : ?>E>4C. @><5 B>3>, >:>;> 4204F0B8 G5;>25: =0E>48;>AL ?@8 702>4=KE ;>H04OE 8 =5A:>;L:8E 25@1;N40E, =02LNG5==KE AJ5AB=K<8 ?@8?0A0<8.  C482;5=8N <>5<C, O =5 2845; 65=A:8E A;57 8 =5 A;KE0; @K40=89 ?@8 ?@>I0=88 <C659 8 ;N1>2=8:>2. "5, :>B>@K5 =5 <>3;8 A:@KBL A2>59 3>@5AB8, =5 ?>:07K20;8AL 87 75<;O=>:. @C385, 2 <>;G0=88 A;>60 @C:8, A<>B@5;8 =0 =0H8 ?@83>B>2;5=8O : ?>E>4C. -B0 B8E0O 3>@5ABL 8 C=K=85 A8;L=55 459AB2>20;8 =0 A5@4F0 2>8=>2, =565;8 3@><:85 87JO2;5=8O ?5G0;8. /28;AO @A0;0=, 2 1>30B>9 HC15, =0 ;8E>< :>=5. = >1@0B8;AO : B>;?5 65=I8=, AB0@8:>2 8 2>8=>2, >AB0NI8EAO 4;O 70H8BK 0C;0, 8, A:0702: "@>I09B5!", ?>=5AAO 2 30;>? 2 AB5?L; =0574=8:8 ?>A;54>20;8 70 =8<, ?@>I0OAL 7=0:0<8 A <8;K<8 A5@4FC. BJ5E02 >B 0C;0 B0:>5 @0AAB>O=85, GB> <K <>3;8 2845BL B>;L:> >48= 4K< =0H53> :>G52LO, <K >AB0=>28;8AL, GB>1 40BL ?@81;878BLAO : =0< 2LNG=><C A:>BC, :>B>@K9 4>;65= 1K; =0E>48BLAO 2A5340 C =0A 2284C. 0 ?5@2K9 =>G;53 <K @0A?>;>68;8AL A@548 AB5?8, 2>7;5 :C@30=0; ;>H0459 ?CAB8;8 2 AB5?L; :@C3>< @0AAB028;8 G0A>2KE 8, @07;>682 >3=8, ?><5AB8;8AL 2>:@C3, =0 2>9;>:0E. 0 4@C3>9 45=L <K =0?@028;8 ?CBL : @5:5 !K@-0@L5 8 ?@>4>;60;8 H5AB285 >4=8< ?>@O4:><, @C:>2>4AB2COAL :C@30=0<8 8 B5G5=85< A>;=F0 8 ?>25@OO =>GLN =0H5 =0?@02;5=85 ?> ?>;>65=8N 72574 =0 =515. >;3> <K H;8, =5 2AB@5G0O 2 AB5?8 682>9 4CH8, 8 =0:>=5F, 2 A54L<>9 45=L, ?>4 25G5@, C2845;8 240;8 4K<. !?5@20 <K 4C<0;8, GB> MB> 0C;; => ?>A;0==K5 2?5@54 =0574=8:8 C254><8;8, GB> MB> =>G;53 :0@020=0. K >AB0=>28;8AL, 8 @A0;0= @5H8;AO =>GLN @072540BL >1> 2A5< 2 B>G=>AB8 8, 5A;8 1 MB>B :0@020= 1K; B>B A0<K9, :>B>@K9 A>AB02;O; ?@54<5B =0H8E ?>8A:>2, - =0?0ABL CB@>< 8 :>=G8BL 45;>. >A5<L G5;>25: 87 =0H8E >B;8G=KE =0574=8:>2 >B?@028;8AL : :0@020=C A B@5E AB>@>=. '5B25@> 87 =8E A?5H8;8AL 8 ?>4?>;7;8 :0<KH>< A> AB>@>=K =51>;LH>3> >75@0 =0 B0:>5 @0AAB>O=85, GB> <>3;8 A;KH0BL 3>;>A0 AB@068 8 2845BL =5?@8OB5;59 2 ;8F>. K <564C B5< AB>O;8 2 3>B>2=>AB8 : 1>N 8 @5H8;8AL =0?0ABL ?> ?5@2>9 B@52>35, GB>1 2K@CG8BL ?>A;0==KE. > ?>8A: :>=G8;AO 1;03>?>;CG=>. >A;0==K5 C254><8;8 =0A, GB> MB> =0H :0@020=, => GB> ?@8:@KB85 <=>3>G8;5==> 8 GB> =0?040BL =>GLN 1K;> 1K >?0A=>, ?>B><C GB> 87 2LN:>2 A B>20@0<8 A45;0= @>4 C:@5?;5=8O 8 AB@060, 2>>@C65==0O H0<E0;0<8, 148B5;L=> >E@0=O5B AB0=. K >BABC?8;8 =5A:>;L:> 25@AB 2 AB>@>=C 8 @0A?>;>68;8AL =0 =>G;53 70 3>@>N, GB>1 =5 1K;> 284=> =0H8E >3=59. @A0;0= A>1@0; A2>8E 2>8=>2 2 :@C6>: 8 A45;0; A;54CNI55 @0A?>@O65=85. B@O4 =0H @0745;8;AO =0 B@8 G0AB8. !0< >= A ?OB845AOBLN =0574=8:0<8 4>;65= 1K; >AB020BLAO 2 BK;C. 4=><C >B@O4C, 87 4204F0B8 ?OB8 G5;>25:, =04;560;> A45;0BL ;>6=>5 =0?045=85 A?5@548 :0@020=0, 0 4@C3><C >B@O4C, @>2=>9 A8;K, A D;0=30. >340 702O65BAO 45;>, B>340 3;02=><C =0H5<C >B@O4C ?>;>65=> 1K;> 1@>A8BLAO =0 BK; :0@020=0 8 AB0@0BLAO >B@570BL G0ABL >=>3> 8 70I8I0BL 4>1KGC, ?@8:@K20OAL =0574=8:0<8 42CE <0;KE >B@O4>2, :>B>@K5 4>;6=K B>340 AB0@0BLAO A>548=8BLAO A 3;02=K< >B@O4><, >BABC?0O ?> >1>8< D;0=30< :0@020=0 8 70<0=820O =5?@8OB5;LA:8E =0574=8:>2 40;55 >B =53>. / A AK=>< @A0;0=0, 0N:><, ?@8G8A;5= 1K; : 3;02=><C >B@O4C. > A25B0 420 <0;K5 =0H8 >B@O40 2KABC?8;8 2 ?CBL, 0 <K >AB0;8AL 70 2>72KH5=8O<8, ?>30A82 >3=8, GB>1 4=5< =5 284=> 1K;> 4K<C. :>;> ?>;C4=O CA;KH0;8 <K 240;8 :>=A:89 B>?>B 8 :;8:8 ?>3>=I8:>2 25@1;N4>2. @A0;0=, >:CB02H8AL A5@>N ?>?>=>9, 2A?>;7 =0 3>@C, GB>1 @073;O45BL :0@020=. >340 >= A:@K;AO 87 284C, <K A5;8 =0 :>=59 8 >B?@028;8AL <54;5==> ?> A;540< 53>. 8HL B>;L:> <K CA;KH0;8 2KAB@5;K, B>BG0A =0 @KAOE ?>=5A;8AL 70 :0@020=>< 8, 7028452 53>, ?CAB8;8AL A :@8:>< 2 0B0:C. 5?@8OB5;L, =5 70=8<0OAL ?5@5AB@5;:>N A 42C<O =0H8<8 >B@O40<8 8 ?@578@0O 8E <0;>G8A;5==>ABL, 1@>A8;AO =0 =8E A ?8:0<8 8 >B40;8;AO >B :0@020=0. K 2>A?>;L7>20;8AL MB8< A;CG05<: C40@8;8 =0 >AB0;L=KE, A<O;8 8E, 702;045;8 1>;LH5N G0ABLN :0@020=0, 703=0;8 2A5E 25@1;N4>2 A 2LN:0<8 2 >4=C :CGC 8 @5H8;8AL 70I8I0BL A2>N 4>1KGC 4> ?>A;54=59 :@09=>AB8. !C;B0= ;BK=, C28452 =0H CA?5E, ?5@5AB0; ?@5A;54>20BL =0H8 <0;K5 >B@O4K, :>B>@K5, ?@8B2>@OOAL, GB> A?0A0NBAO 153AB2><, 70<0=820;8 53> 40;55 2 AB5?L. >72@0B82H8AL : :0@020=C, ;BK= A 15H5=AB2>< =0?0; =0 =0A, C28452 2 B>;?5 ;8G=>3> A2>53> 2@030, @A0;0=-AC;B0=0. @A0;0= B0:65 =5 <>3 C<5@8BL A2>53> 3=520 8, AE20B82 :>?L5, >B45;8;AO >B A2>8E 8 1@>A8;AO =0 ;BK=0. #2820OAL =0 ;8E>< :>=5, @A0;0= ?>B5A=8; A2>53> ?@>B82=8:0 8 C65 3>B>2 1K; =0=5ABL 5<C C40@, => 2 A0<CN A8N <8=CBC @0740;AO 2KAB@5;; ;>H04L @A0;0=0 C?0;0 A> 2A5E =>3 8 ?>418;0 ?>4 A51O 2A04=8:0. ! 04A:>N @04>ABLN A>A:>G8; ;BK= A :>=O 8, >1=0682 BC@5F:89 OB030=, 1@>A8;AO =0 ;560I53> @A0;0=0, GB>1 >B@570BL 5<C 3>;>2C. / =0E>48;AO 2 =5A:>;L:8E H030E >B @A0;0=0 8, 284O 53> >?0A=>ABL, 2KE20B8; 87-70 :CH0:0 ?8AB>;5B, ?@8F5;8;AO, 2KAB@5;8; - 8 ;BK= ?0; <5@B2K9 2>7;5 A2>53> 2@030, :>B>@K9 <564C B5< CA?5; 2K18BLAO 87-?>4 ;>H048. @A0;0= AE20B8; OB030= ;BK=0 8 53> 65 >@C685< >B@570; 5<C 3>;>2C, 27>B:=C; 55 =0 ?8:C 8 ?@8A:0:0; : A2>8<. 8HL B>;L:> =0574=8:8 ;BK=0 C2845;8 3>;>2C A2>53> =0G0;L=8:0 =0 ?8:5, A28@5?>5 8E <C65AB2> CB8E;> 2 >4=> <3=>25=L5 8 ?@52@0B8;>AL 2 45BA:CN @>1>ABL. =8 >?@><5BLN ?>1560;8 =0704 A 60;>AB=K<8 2>?;O<8, >AB0282 =0< 2 4>1KGC F5;K9 :0@020=, A>AB>OI89 87 AB0 25@1;N4>2, =03@C65==KE 4@03>F5==K<8 078OBA:8<8 B>20@0<8, <=>3>G8A;5==>5 AB04> >25F 8 <=>65AB2> 702>4=KE 8 B01C==KE ;>H0459. @><5 B>3>, =0< 4>AB0;>AL 2 ?;5= 45AOBL G5;>25: 1CE0@A:8E :C?F>2, A ?OBLN45AOBLN ?>3>=I8:0<8 8 4204F0BLN =52>;L=8:0<8. 8HL B>;L:> ?@>B82=8:8 =0H8 CA:0:0;8 87 284C, <K B>BG0A 428=C;8AL 2 ?>E>4, 27O2 =0?@02;5=85 : 4@C65A:8< 0C;0<, GB>1 87153=CBL ?>3>=8. @A0;0= =5 CA?5; 4065 3>2>@8BL A> <=>9 2> 2@5<O MB>9 AC<0B>E8; => =0 ?>E>45 >= 27O; <5=O 70 @C:C 8, >1@0I0OAL : A2>8< =0574=8:0<, A:070;: - >B :><C O >1O70= <>5N 687=LN, 0 2K - ?>154>N 8 4>1KG5N! = C65 A2>1>45=, => 70A;C30 53> ?@52KH05B 2AO:CN =03@04C. ">20@8I8 <>8 >:@C68;8 <5=O 8 >AK?0;8 1;03>40@=>ABLN 8 ;0A:0<8. 48= 87 1K2H8E A =0<8 ?>MB>2, :>B>@KE <=>65AB2> <564C :8@3870<8, B>BG0A A>G8=8; ?5A=N <=5 2 ?>E20;C. ">20@8I8 <>8 2KCG8;8 MBC ?5A=N 8 ?5;8 E>@>< 2> 2@5<O ?>E>40. K H;8 G@572KG09=> A:>@> 8 G0AB> ?5@5<5=O;8 =0?@02;5=85, GB>1 87153=CBL ?>8A:>2. '@57 45AOBL 4=59 >1@0B=>3> ?>E>40 <K 2>72@0B8;8AL 2 A2>9 0C;, 87<CG5==K5 >B CAB0;>AB8, => A B>@65AB2>< ?>154K. 5AL 0C; 2K1560; : =0< =02AB@5GC 8 ?@8=O; =0A A 3@><:8<8 2>A:;8F0=8O<8 @04>AB8. @A0;0= @0AA:070; ?5@54 F5;K< A>1@0=85< > <>5< ?>42835: 2>AE8I5==K5 :8@387K A=O;8 <5=O A ;>H048 8 =>A8;8 =0 @C:0E 2>:@C3 =0H53> AB0=0, A ?5A=O<8 8 <C7K:>N, 8<?@>2878@CO 2 G5ABL <=5 AB8E8 8 ?5A=8. ;O <5=O >B25;8 B@8 N@BK 8 ?@54>AB028;8 ?@02> 2K1@0BL 2 65=K ?5@2KE :8@387A:8E :@0A028F. / =5 2>A?>;L7>20;AO MB>N >A>15==>N <8;>ABLN; =>, ?@87=0NAL, B0: 1K; 4>2>;5= >:070==K<8 <=5 ?>G5ABO<8, GB> 4C<0; =02A5340 >AB0BLAO <564C :8@3870<8. '@57 =5A:>;L:> 4=59 =0G0;8 45;8BL 4>1KGC. A5 H5;:>2K5 B>20@K, 65<GC3 8 4@C385 4@03>F5==>AB8 ?>;>65=> 1K;> ?@>40BL 2  >AA88, 0 45=L38 >1@0B8BL =0 >1I85 =C64K 0C;0, 8A:;NG0O =5:>B>@KE 25I59, :>B>@K5 @0745;8;8 <564C A5<59AB20<8, B0: 65 :0: A:>B, ;>H0459 8 25@1;N4>2. 0;8G=K5 45=L38 8 =52>;L=8:>2 @0745;8;8 B>;L:> <564C =0574=8:0<8, 1K2H8<8 2 M:A?548F88. CE0@A:8< :C?F0< ?@54>AB028;8 ?@02> 2K:C?8BLAO. > >1I5<C A>3;0A8N, <=5 40;8 G5BK@5 ?0O 2 4>1KG5 8 ?@54>AB028;8 ?@02> 2K1@0BL G5BK@5E =52>;L=8:>2 4;O CA;C3.  G8A;5 27OBKE =0<8 =52>;L=8:>2, 1>;LH5N G0ABLN ?5@A8O= 8 0D30=F52, 1K;> 42>5 @CAA:8E.  07C<55BAO, GB> O 27O; 8E =0 A2>N 4>;N, GB>1 >A2>1>48BL ?@8 ?5@2>< A;CG05.  E;>?>B0E 1KAB@>3> =0H53> ?>E>40 O =5 8<5; A;CG0O >1@0I0BL 1>;LH>3> 2=8<0=8O =0 <>8E 75<;O:>2 8 4065 =5 8<5; 2@5<5=8 @0AA?@>A8BL ?>@O4>G=> >1 8E A>AB>O=88 8 C7=0; B>;L:>, GB> >48= 87 =8E 42>@O=8=, 0 4@C3>9 >BAB02=>9 A>;40B. >340 65 >=8 4>AB0;8AL <=5, B> O ?><5AB8; 8E 2 A2>N ?0;0B:C 8 B>3> 65 25G5@0 ?@83;0A8; C68=0BL A A>1>N, GB>1 C7=0BL ?>4@>1=> >1> 2A5<, 4> =8E :0A0NI5<AO. 48= 87 =8E 1K; ;5B B@84F0B8 ?OB8, 284=K9 8 4065 :@0A82K9. 5278@0O =0 4;8==CN 1>@>4C 8 1>;LH85 2>;>AK, G5@BK 53> ;8F0 :070;8AL <=5 =5 GC64K<8. BAB02=>9 A>;40B, G5;>25: ;5B A>@>:0 ?OB8, 1K; ;>2>: 8 @0AB>@>?5=. - B> BK B0:>2, ;N157=K9 75<;O:? - A?@>A8; O C ?5@2>3>. - / 42>@O=8= 8 >BAB02=>9 >D8F5@. - 0: 20H0 D0<8;8O? - 8;>2848=. - ;5:A0=4@ 20=>28G 8;>2848=! - 2>A:;8:=C; O, 2A:>G82 A A2>53> <5AB0 8 A?;5A=C2 @C:0<8. - 5C65;8 2K <5=O 7=05B5? - A?@>A8; >= 2 87C<;5=88. - =0N ;8? / C482;ONAL, :0: =5 C7=0; 20A A ?5@2>3> 273;O40. > 2K ?>AB0@5;8, ?5@5<5=8;8AL, ?>EC45;8, 8 ?@8B>< 65 MB0 1>@>40, MB8 ;>E<>BLO! ;5:A0=4@ 20=>28G, 2A<>B@8B5AL 2 <5=O. 5C65;8 2K =5 C7=05B5 20H53> A8@>B:8, 20H53> 0=L:8, :>B>@>3> 2K 27O;8 A A>1>N 87 4><0 >;>3>@4>2A:>3> 8 >AB028;8 C 6840 2 !;>=8<5? 8;>2848= 1@>A8;AO <=5 =0 H5N, 2>A:;8:=C2: - 0:, MB> BK... MB> 2K? 0:0O AB@0==0O AC4L10! K ?;0:0;8 >B @04>AB8 8 2 <>;G0=88 >1=8<0;8AL. BAB02=>9 A>;40B AB>O; 2 =5A:>;L:8E H030E 8 CB8@0; :C;0:>< A;57K. 0:>=5F <K CA?>:>8;8AL, 8 O, 2KA;02 A>;40B0 2 4@C3CN ?0;0B:C, >AB0;AO =0548=5 A 8;>2848=K<, GB>1 @0AA:070BL 5<C A2>8 ?>E>645=8O. 8;>2848=, 2KA;CH02 <>5 ?>25AB2>20=85, >1@04>20;AO, GB> O B0: 2>A?8B0= 8 =0E>6CAL 2 A25B5 2 B0:>< ?>;>65=88, GB> <>3C 1KBL 53> 4@C3>< 8 B>20@8I5<.  B>B 65 25G5@ <K ?@>87=5A;8 2708<=CN :;OB2C =5 @0AAB020BLAO 8 45;8BL 2A5: 3>@5 8 AG0ABL5. ! MB>9 <8=CBK <K A>3;0A8;8AL 3>2>@8BL 4@C3 4@C3C BK 8 =07K20BLAO 1@0BLO<8. 0: C65 1K;> ?>74=>, B> <K ;53;8 A?0BL 8 8;>2848= >15I0; <=5 =0 4@C3>9 45=L @0AA:070BL A2>8 ?@8:;NG5=8O. K 2AB0;8 4> A25BC, 8 8;>2848= =0G0; A2>9 @0AA:07. 45AL O 4>;65= ?@54C254><8BL <>8E G8B0B5;59, GB> 2A5 ?><5I5==>5 <=>N =0 AG5B >;>3>@4>2A:>3> 8 53> A5<59AB20, 2A5, GB> A:070=> > ;N128, 1@0:5 8 >B=>H5=8OE 8;>2848=0 : A5<C A5<59AB2C, 708<AB2>20=> <=>N 87 A53> @0AA:070 8 ?><5I5=>, 4;O ?>@O4:0 ?>25AB2>20=8O, 2 ?5@2KE 3;020E <>53> 687=5>?8A0=8O. !0<> ?> A515 @07C<55BAO, GB> O 1K; B0: <0; 8 ?@>AB 2 4><5 >;>3>@4>2A:>3>, GB> =5 1K; 2 A>AB>O=88 ?@>=8:=CBL 2A53> B>3>, GB> @0AA:070=> <=>N 4>2>;L=> ?>4@>1=>. B0:, @0AA:07 8;>2848=0 O =0G=C >B 2K5740 53> 87 !;>=8<0 2 >A:2C A <>;>4>N 53> 65=>9.  XVI  !! .  !"+ ""    ",&. !,/ !"  +.   !! )!".  #!  ,.  #!!/ '#. )!"  "+% %. /  &. - @85E02 2 >A:2C 2 =0<5@5=88 C<8;>AB828BL 4O4N 8 ?>;CG8BL >B =53> ?><>IL, O =5A:>;L:> 4=59 A:@K20;AO ?@54 7=0:><K<8 8, G@57 >4=>3> AB0@>3> ?@8OB5;O <>53> >BF0, AB0@0;AO 2>9B8 2 ?5@53>2>@K A ?@56=8< <>8< 1;03>45B5;5<. O4O >B:070;AO 4065 2845BLAO A> <=>N. A5 CA8;8O ?@8OB5;O <>53> >BF0, GB>1 ?><8@8BL =0A, >AB0;8AL BI5B=K<8. >B ?@8G8=0 A53> =5A;KE0==>3> C?>@AB20. O4O <>9, G5;>25: E>;>4=K9, @02=>4CH=K9 :> 2A5<C, BO65;K9 8 ;5=82K9, 1K; @01>< A2>8E ?@82KG5:. = B@84F0B8 ;5B A@O4C A;C68; 2 >4=>< ?@8ACBAB25==>< <5AB5, 345 2AO 53> 4>;6=>ABL A>AB>O;0 2 B><, GB>1 ?>4?8AK20BL =0 1C<030E: _25@=> A ?>4;8==K<: !B5?0= 8;>2848=_. >GB8 :064K9 25G5@ >= ?@>2>48; 2 =3;89A:>< :;C15, 345 25;8G09H55 53> =0A;0645=85 A>AB>O;> 2 B><, GB>1 ?8BL :;N:25==K9 ;8<>=04, 83@0BL 2 28AB 8 ?@8A;CH820BLAO : A?;5B=O<, :>B>@K5 >=, 2>72@0BOAL 4><>9, ?5@5A:07K20; A2>59 4><>?@028B5;L=8F5, 24>BL5 20=>2=5. -B0 65=I8=0, 24>20 >BAB02=>3> :>;;56A:>3> @538AB@0B>@0, =0=8<0;0, ;5B 70 4204F0BL ?@54 A8<, :20@B8@C 2 >4=>< 4><5 A <>8< 4O45N 8, C7=02, GB> >= 701>;5; >?0A=> 8 GB> 70 =8< =5:><C CE06820BL, :@><5 A;C3, A0<>2>;L=> ?>A5;8;0AL 2 53> :><=0B0E, ?@8 ?><>I8 :20@B0;L=>3> =0478@0B5;O ?>4G8=8;0 A;C68B5;59 A2>59 2;0AB8, AA>@8;0AL A 1>;L=K< 8 A 4>:B>@><, 0 <564C B5< =5 >BE>48;0 >B ?>AB5;8 4O48, ;8;0 5<C 2 @>B ;5:0@AB2> 8 4> B>3> 5<C =04>5;0, GB> >= 2K74>@>25;. 7 1;03>40@=>AB8 ;8 8;8 87 B@CA>AB8, >= =5 8<5; 4CEC 2K3=0BL 24>BLN 20=>2=C 87 A2>59 :20@B8@K 8, 284O 55 1@N73;82>5 CA5@485 : A515 8 HC<=>5 @0G5=85 2 ?@8A<>B@5 70 E>7O9AB2><, >AB028; 2 55 @0A?>@O65=88 2A5, :0A0NI55AO 4> CAB@>9AB20 4><0. O4O <>9 2A:>@5 ?>GC2AB2>20; ?@52>AE>4AB2> 65=A:>3> E>7O9AB20 ?@54 4><>2>4AB2>< AB0@>3> E>;>ABO:0. 5;L5 53> 1K;> 2 8A?@02=>AB8, G09 8 :>D5 2:CA=55, 70 AB>;>< 2A5340 O2;O;>AL :0:>5-=81C4L ;N18<>5 53> 1;N4>. A:>@5 ?@82KG:0 >4>;5;0 <>8< 4O45N 4> B0:>9 AB5?5=8, GB> >= =5 <>3 >1>9B8AL 157 24>BL8 20=>2=K 8 2A5, GB> =5 1K;> ?@83>B>2;5=> 8 ?>40=> 55 @C:0<8, :070;>AL 5<C =5?@8OB=K<. (8@>:>5, :0;<K:>20B>5, ?>:@KB>5 @O18=0<8 ;8F> 24>BL8 20=>2=K, 157 A><=5=8O, =5 <>3;> ?@5;LAB8BL <>53> 4O48; => >= B0: ?@8A<>B@5;AO : =5<C, GB> 5<C =5?@5<5==> =04;560;> 273;O=CBL 5654=52=> =0 55 :>H0GL8 3;070, :0: I53>;N 2 75@:0;>. #H8 53> B0: 65 ?@82K:;8 : 55 72>=:><C 3>;>AC, :0: A;CE AB0@>3> A>;40B0 : 72C:C 10@010=0; 8 >= 1K =5 CA=C; A?>:>9=>, 5A;8 1 2 B5G5=85 4=O =5 CA;KH0; 55 1@0=8 A A;C68B5;O<8, A>A54:0<8 8 @07=>AG8:0<8. 5=>ABL 8 =5@5H8B5;L=>ABL <>53> 4O48 8<5;8 =C64C 2 2>71C48B5;L=KE A@54AB20E, 8 24>BLO 20=>2=0 2A:>@5 4> B0:>9 AB5?5=8 >2;045;0 8<, GB> >= 1K; 2 55 @C:0E A>25@H5==K< 02B><0B><, =5 A<5; 4065 ?>?@028BL A2>53> :>;?0:0 157 55 A>25B0, B5@?5;82> A;CH0; 55 1@0=G82K5 C25I0=8O 8 2A5 45;0; A 55 ?>72>;5=8O, :@><5 ?>4?8AK20=8O: _25@=> A ?>4;8==K<_. O4O <>9 ?>G8B0; A51O AG0AB;82K<, GB> =0H5; ACI5AB2>, :>B>@>5 70 =53> 4C<0;>, 65;0;>, 1>O;>AL 8 =045O;>AL. = A @04>ABLN >B40; A2>5 8<5=L5 2 @0A?>@O65=85 24>BL8 20=>2=K, GB>1 B>;L:> =5 8<5BL 45;0 A AB0@>AB0<8, C?@028B5;O<8 8 4>;6=8:0<8, :>B>@K5 2A5340 2K<0=820;8 C =53> GB>-=81C4L, 0 ?@8B>< 8 >1<0=K20;8. = 1;03>40@8; AC4L1C, GB> 24>BLO 20=>2=0 ?>72>;8;0 5<C ?>A5I0BL =3;89A:89 :;C1, A CA;>285<: ?5@5=>A8BL 59 2A5 A?;5B=8, - 8 A B@5?5B>< 2>72@0I0;AO 4><>9, :>340, 7083@02H8AL 2 :0@BK, ?@>?CA:0; <8<> CH59 70=8<0B5;L=K5 @0AA:07K 8 ?@8E>48; 157 =>2>AB59. @C3>9, 1C4CG8 =0 53> <5AB5, 2K4C<0; 1K A0< GB>-=81C4L 4;O CA?>:>5=8O 7;>9 101K; => <>9 4O4O B0: >B2K: >B C<AB25==KE C?@06=5=89, GB> 701>;5; 1K <83@5=LN =0 B@>5 ACB>:, 5A;8 1 ?>4C<0; B@8 <8=CBK > G5<-=81C4L 4@C3><, :@><5 =0?>;=5=8O 65;C4:0, :>7K@59 2 28AB5 8 A2>53>: _25@=> A ?>4;8==K<_. # 24>BL8 20=>2=K 1K;0 4>GL >B <C60 55, >BAB02=>3> :>;;56A:>3> @538AB@0B>@0; >=0 1K;0, ?> B@5BL5<C 3>4C, :>340 <0<5=L:0 55 27O;0 ?@8ABC?>< 4>< <>53> 4O48. !0<> ?> A515 @07C<55BAO, GB> >=0 ?>A;5 B>3> 2>A?8BK20;0AL =0 AG5B <>53> 4O48 8 GB> 24>BLO 20=>2=0 =5?@5<5==> B@51>20;0, GB>1 55 870 3>2>@8;0 ?>-D@0=FC7A:8, 83@0;0 =0 :;028:>@40E ?>-=5<5F:8, ?5;0 ?>-8B0;LO=A:8 8 B0=F520;0 2A5 70<>@A:85 B0=FK, A5<C MB><C =0CG8;8 87C 70 45=L38, => :0: C< 3>A?>40 8=>AB@0=FK ?@82>7OB : =0< =5 =0 ?@>406C, 0 4;O A>1AB25==>3> >18E>4C, B> 870 >AB0;0AL 4C@>G:>N, :0: >3 55 A>740;. B5F <>9, 1C4CG8 35=5@0;>< 2 459AB28B5;L=>9 A;C615, =0E>48;AO 2A5340 2 0@<88; <0B5@8 ;8H8;AO O 2 <0;>;5BAB25, 8 B0: 4> 45AOB8;5B=53> 2>7@0AB0 2>A?8BK20;AO C @>4AB25==8FK <0B5@8 <>59, AB0@>9 4528FK, 2<5AB5 A 42C<O 4N68=0<8 >157LO=, ?>?C3052, A>10G>=>:, :0@;8F, :0;<KG5: 8 2AO:8E 4@C38E 48:>28=>:. 5;8G09H0O A?@0254;82>ABL F0@AB2>20;0 2 A5< 725@8=F5: =0A 2A5E, B> 5ABL ;N459 8 725@59, @02=> ;N18;8, 4>AKB0 :>@<8;8, ;0A:0;8 8 18;8, A<>B@O ?> @0A?>;>65=8N 4CE0 =0H59 1;03>45B5;L=8FK. 1K:=>25==>, >=0 B>340 1K;0 25A5;0, :>340 : =59 4>E>48;8 25AB8 > @0AAB@>9AB25 ?@54?>;>65==>9 A204L1K, GL59 1K B> =8 1K;>, 8;8 > A>1;07=8B5;L=>< 68BL5 AC?@C3>2.  15H5=AB2> 65 ?@8E>48;0 >=0 B>340, :>340 A;KE0;0 > A204L10E, @>48=0E, :@5AB8=0E 8 > AG0AB;82>< 1@0:5.  07C<55BAO, GB> A0<>5 ;CGH55 2@5<O 4;O =0A 1K;> 2 ?>ABK, :>340 =5 1K205B A20451.  4=8 25A5;LO 2A5E =0A: A>10G>=>:, >157LO=, :0;<KG5:, :0@;8F 8 <5=O - :>@<8;8 >48=0:>2K<8 18A:28B0<8 8 <8=40;5<, 0 2 4=8 3=520 - 2A5E A5:;8 >4=8< ?CG:>< @>7>3. 0A 1@0;8 ?> >G5@548 3C;OBL 2 :0@5B5: >48= @07 <5=O, 4@C3>9 @07 <0@BKH:C 8 B0: 40;55. 540@>< 3>2>@OB, GB> @02=0O CG0ABL A>548=O5B A5@4F0: =0H5 A:>B>-G5;>25G5A:>5 >1I5AB2> 68;> 2 25;8G09H59 4@C615 8 A>3;0A88, 8A:;NG0O >4=>3> 7;>3> A818@A:>3> :>B0 8 >4=>9 C?@O<>9 AB0@>9 >157LO=K, :>B>@K5 =8:0: =5 E>B5;8 ?@8AB0BL : =0H5<C A>N7C 8 70 B> ?>;CG0;8 ?>1>8 >B <5=O 8 :0;<KG5:, 0 <K 70 MB> 1K;8 18BK =0H5N _1;03>45B5;L=8F5N_. / 4C<0N, GB> O A0< 1K ?@52@0B8;AO 2 A818@A:>3> :>B0 8;8 2 >157LO=C, 5A;8 1 4>;55 ?>68; 2 MB>< 4><5. >, ?> AG0ABLN, >B5F <>9, ?@85E02 2 >A:2C, 27O; <5=O >BBC40, ?>AA>@82H8AL A 1;03>45B5;L=8F5N <>5N 70 B>, GB> 2KE20;O; ?5@54 =5N AC?@C65A:>5 A>AB>O=85 8 CB25@640;, GB> >= 1K; AG0AB;82 A <>5N <0B5@LN. B5F <>9 ?@>68; 2 2>5==>9 A;C615 G0ABL A2>53> @>48B5;LA:>3> =0A;54AB20; 0 4O4O <>9, ?>4?8AK20O _25@=> A ?>4;8==K<_, C<=>68; A2>9 CG0AB>: 245AOB5@>: >= 27O;AO ?;0B8BL 70 <>5 2>A?8B0=85 8 A>45@60BL <5=O 2 A;C615. 5=O >B40;8 2> D@0=FC7A:89 ?0=A8>=, :0: 2>48BAO, - 8 ?> ?@074=8:0< 4O4O ?>72>;O; <=5 ?@8E>48BL : A515 : >154C. 24>BLO 20=>2=0, : C482;5=8N 2A5E, =5 B>;L:> =5 70284>20;0 B><C, GB> 4O4O <>9 @0745;O; A2>8 1;03>45O=8O <564C <=>N 8 55 4>G5@LN, =0?@>B82 B>3>, >=0 >G5=L ;N18;0 <5=O, ;0A:0;0, 40@8;0 8 >1E>48;0AL A> <=>N, :0: A AK=><. > >?@545;5=88 <>5< 2 A;C61C, C65 ?> A<5@B8 <>53> >BF0, 24>BLO 20=>2=0 =5 B>;L:> ?@8=C640;0 4O4N <>53> A=0160BL <5=O 2A5< =C6=K<, => 4065 70AB02;O;0 53> 4020BL <=5 1>;55 45=53, =565;8 A:>;L:> 1K;> >?@545;5=>. 0:>=5F >B:@K;0AL ?@8G8=0 MB>9 =56=>AB8. 24>BLO 20=>2=0 8<5;0 =0<5@5=85 65=8BL <5=O =0 A2>59 875, 8, :0: A:>@> O 65=8;AO =0 4@C3>9, >=0 70AB028;0 <>53> 4O4N 25@8BL, GB> O 2?0; 2 25;8G09H55 ?@5ABC?;5=85, >:070;AO =51;03>40@=K< 8 =0:>=5F, ?@54AB0282 <5=O ?>@>G=K< 8 7;>=@02=K<, ?@8=C48;0 53> >B@5GLAO >B <5=O 8 ;8H8BL =0A;54AB20 AC451=K< ?>@O4:><. @8OB5;L <>53> >BF0 4>AB028; <=5 :>?8N A A59 ?03C1=>9 1C<038, A ?>4?8ALN <>53> 4O48: _25@=> A ?>4;8==K<_. -B> 1K; ?@83>2>@ AC4L1K, 81> 4O4O A:>@55 @5H8;AO 1K C=8GB>68BL A>;=F5, =565;8 A2>N A:@5?C, ?>G8B0O 2A5340 :>?8N 206=55 ?>4;8==8:0. #7=02 > ?@85745 <>5< 2 >A:2C 8 > <>5< =5AG0AB88, =5:>B>@K5 4@C7LO <>53> >BF0 A>548=8;8AL, GB>1 ?5@5<5=8BL =0<5@5=85 <>53> 4O48. =8 ?@8153=C;8 : 24>BL5 20=>2=5 8, C3@>60O 59 04>< 8 C3>;>2=>N ?0;0B>N, CA?5;8 =0:>=5F 2 B><, GB> 24>BLO 20=>2=0, 2 ;8F5 <>53> 4O48, A>3;0A8;0AL 40BL <=5 25 000 @C1;59 A B5<, >4=0:> 6, GB>1 O 4>1@>2>;L=> >B:070;AO >B F5;>3> =0A;54AB20, :>B>@>5 ?@>AB8@0;>AL 4> <8;;8>=0 @C1;59. 0E>4OAL 2 :@09=>AB8, O =0 2A5 A>3;0A8;AO, C25@5= 1C4CG8, GB> A>?@>B82;5=85< =8G53> =5 2K83@0N. =5 >BAG8B0;8 45=L38, 8 O >AB028; 4O4N <>53> 2 ?>:>5 4C<0BL 8 GC2AB2>20BL 3>;>2>N 8 A5@4F5< 24>BL8 20=>2=K, 83@0BL 2 28AB, ?8BL :;N:25==K9 ;8<>=04 2 =3;89A:>< :;C15, ?@8A;CH820BLAO : A?;5B=O< 8 ?>4?8AK20BL: _25@=> A ?>4;8==K<_. "K 2>A?8BK20;AO 2 >A:25, ;N157=K9 K6838=; => =5 7=05HL MB>9 4@52=59 =0H59 AB>;8FK, ?>B><C GB> 1K; <>;>4 8 =5>?KB5=.  071>9=8G89 25@B5? @072@0B8B5;O N=>H5AB20, >@>20B8=0, 8 ?@8NB 4;O AB0@KE GB8B5;59 ?@5:@0A=>3> ?>;0 C B2>59 B5BCH:8 ACBL 425 =5?@8<5B=K5 B>G:8 =0 <>A:>2A:>< 3>@87>=B5. 'B> 65 :0A05BAO 4> D@0=FC7A:>3> ?0=A8>=0, 2 :>B>@>< BK =0E>48;AO, B> MB8 702545=8O 2 F5;>9  >AA88 B0: AE>4=K <564C A>1>N, :0: 420 15;K5 ;8AB0 1C<038. 5B5@1C@3 <>6=> C?>4>18BL ?@5:@0A=>9 <>;>4>9 :>:5B:5 1>;LH>3> A25B0, 8ICI59 =0A;0645=89 A> 2A5<8 ?@8;8G8O<8, A> 2A5<8 @0AG5B0<8 >1@07>20==>AB8. >A:20-<0BCH:0 ?>E>60 =0 ?>68;CN, 1>30BCN 24>2CH:C, :>B>@0O, ?>682 2 1>;LH>< A25B5, C40;8;0AL 2=CB@L  >AA88, 2 ?@>28=F80;L=K9 3>@>4, ;560I89 ?>A@548 55 ?><5AB89, GB>1 83@0BL ?5@2CN @>;L 2 A2>5< >:>;>B:5, =5 ?@5@K20O, >4=0:> 6, A=>H5=89 A AB>;8F5N. >A:20, ;N157=K9 4@C3, 87 2A5E 8=>AB@0==KE ?@8GC4 8 >1KG052 C<5;0 A>B:0BL 4;O A2>53> ?>:@>20 A2>N A>1AB25==CN, >@838=0;L=CN B:0=L, 2 :>B>@>9 GC6575<FK C7=0NB B>;L:> =8B:8 A2>59 D01@8:8, 0 ?>:@>9 >4564K 8 C7>@K - ?@8=04;560B =0H59 @>48<>9 >A:25. CGH55 <>A:>2A:>5 >1I5AB2> A>AB02;ONB, _2>-?5@2KE_, B0: =07K205<K5 _AB0@8:8_, >BA;C682H85 A2>9 25:  >B CAB0;>AB8 8;8 4@C38E ?@8G8= ?>A5;82H85AO 2 >A:25 =0 2@5<5==K9 ?>:>9, 2 >6840=88 25G=>3>. -B>B ?>GB5==K9 @07@O4 A>AB02;O5B 682CN ;5B>?8AL ?>A;54=53> ?>;C25:0, 8;8, ;CGH5 A:070BL, 682K5 AAK;:8 (citations) 2 A>2@5<5==>9 @>AA89A:>9 8AB>@88. ';5=K A53> @07@O40 >1@07CNB B0:65 0@5>?03, 8;8 25@E>2=>5 AC48;8I5, 345 >1AC6820NBAO 2A5 A>2@5<5==K5 ?@>8AH5AB28O. =8 8<5NB A2>8 70A540=8O 2 =3;89A:>< :;C15 8 C ?>GB5==KE ?>68;KE 40< ?5@2KE B@5E :;0AA>2. '8=>?>G8B0=85 A>1;N405BAO <564C =8<8 A B0:>N B>G=> AB@>3>ABLN, :0: 2 E>@>H5< ?>;:C, ?>4 @C6L5<. >;8B8:0, 2>9=0, 2=CB@5==55 CAB@>9AB2> 3>AC40@AB20, >?@545;5=85 : <5AB0<, AC4>?@>872>4AB2>, 0 >A>15==> =03@0645=8O G8=0<8 8 ?>60;>20=85 >@45=0<8, 2A5 ?>425@65=> AC645=8N A53> :@8:;82>3> 0@5>?030.  A5< ?5@2>< @07@O45 40NBAO 10;K, >154K, C68=K 8 25G5@0 4;O ?@>5760NI8E G@57 >A:2C 206=KE ;8F, ?5@2>:;0AA=KE <5AB=KE G8=>2=8:>2 8 ;CGH53> 42>@O=AB20. _>-2B>@KE_: G8=>2=8:8, 70=8<0NI85AO 459AB28B5;L=>N A;C61>9 2 <>A:>2A:8E ?@8ACBAB25==KE <5AB0E, :>B>@K5 >B;8G0NBAO B5< B>;L:> >B G8=>2=8:>2 ?5B5@1C@3A:8E 8 4@C38E 3>@>4>2, GB> 682CB @>A:>H=55, 8<5NB 1>;55 2;8O=8O =0 45;0 8 =5 70=8<0NBAO 4@C38<8 ?>AB>@>==8<8 ?@54<5B0<8, :0:, =0?@8<5@, ;8B5@0BC@>N 8 =0C:0<8, B0:, :0: =5:>B>@K5 <>;>4K5 G8=>2=8:8 2 5B5@1C@35. _-B@5BL8E_: G8=>2=8:8, =5 A;C60I85 2 A;C615, 8;8 <0BCH:8=K AK=:8, B> 5ABL: 704=OO H5@5=30 D0;0=38, ?>:@>28B5;LAB2C5<>9 A;5?>N D>@BC=>9. 7 MB8E AG0AB;82F52 1>;LH0O G0ABL =5 C<55B ?@>G5ABL A0;BK@8, =0?5G0B0==>9 A;02O=A:8<8 1C:20<8, E>BO 2A5 >=8 ?@8G8A;5=K 2 ?>G5B @CAA:8E 0=B8:20@852. E =07K20NB 0@E82=K< N=>H5AB2><. -B> =0H8 ?5B8<5B@K, D0HL>=51;8, 65=8E8 2A5E =525AB, 2;N1;5==K5 2> 2A5E 65=I8=, C :>B>@KE B>;L:> =>A =5 =0 70BK;:5 8 :>B>@K5 C<5NB ?@>87=5ABL: _oni_ 8 _non_. =8-B> 40NB B>= <>A:>2A:>9 <>;>4568 =0 3C;L18I0E, 2 B50B@5 8 3>AB8=KE. -B>B @07@O4 B0:65 4>AB02;O5B >A:25 D8;>A>D>2 ?>A;54=53> ?>:@>O, C :>B>@KE 2A53> ?>;=> G@57 :@09, :@><5 74@02>3> A<KA;0; =870B5;59 @8D< 8 >BG0O==KE AC459 A;>25A=>AB8 8 =0C:. _-G5B25@BKE_, >3@><=>5 AB04> 2AO:>3> @>40 >BAB02=KE G8=>2=8:>2, ?@8=04;560I8E : AB0@K< D0<8;8O< 8 4>A;C682H8EAO 4> 8725AB=KE G8=>2, 87 :>B>@KE :B> ?@>68205B A2>5 8<5=L5 =0 4>AC35, :B> 157 1>;LH>3> B@C40 =068205B :0@B0<8 8 2AO:8<8 872>@>B0<8, 0 :B> ?@>AB> 6825B, >B 4=O 4> 4=O, =0 AG5B <>A:>2A:>3> 3>AB5?@88<AB20. _-?OBKE_, ?><5I8:8 70<>A:>2=KE 3C15@=89, ?@85760NI85 2 >A:2C, ?> 78<=5<C ?CB8, AJ540BL 45@525=A:89 70?0A 8 ;N1>20BLAO B0=F0<8 A2>8E 4>G5: =0 10;0E 2>@O=A:>3> A>1@0=8O 8;8 =0 720=KE 25G5@8=:0E, ?>:0 :0:>9-=81C4L 65=8E, ?@5;LABOAL ?@840=K< (> :>B>@>< A;>2>>E>B=K5 B5BCH:8 C<5NB 25AL<0 8A:CA=> @073;0H0BL 2> 2A5E 70:>C;:0E >A:2K), =5 ?>B@51C5B ?@5;5AB=>9 @C:8, =5 7=02H59 >B 45BAB20 =8:0:>9 @01>BK. _-H5ABKE_, ?@857685 87 AB>;8FK 8 87 0@<88 8A:0BL 1>30BKE =525AB, :>B>@K<8 >A:20 A;028BAO 874@52;5. -B8 3>A?>40 =0G8=0NB >1K:=>25==> A2KA>:0, 0 :>=G0B =0 2>A?8B0==8F0E 8;8 :C?5G5A:8E 4>G:0E, :>B>@K<8 @0AG5B 3>@074> 25@=55. >B 3;02=K5 G0AB8 =0H53> <>A:>2A:>3> >1I5AB20, :>B>@K5, =5278@0O =0 A2>N @07=>@>4=>ABL, A>AB02;ONB >4=> F5;>5, ?>E>655 =0 25G=K9 <0A:0@04 8;8 25=5F8O=A:89 :0@=020;. =5 =5 : G5<C B5?5@L @0AA:07K20BL B515 2A5 E>@>H55 8 4C@=>5 2 MB>9 A<5A8. "K MB> A0< C2848HL A> 2@5<5=5<. !:06C B>;L:>, GB>, 25@=>, =8345 =5B AB>;L:> 4>1@KE ;N459, =5278@0O =0 8E AB@0==>AB8, :0: 2 >A:25. ;02=0O G5@B0 >A:2K - 3>AB5?@88<AB2>, 8;8 AB@0ABL :>@<8BL 8 ?>8BL 2AB@5G=>3> 8 ?>?5@5G=>3>. N157=K9 K6838=! 5A;8 1 =0H0 ?;0=5B0 ?>425@3;0AL, ?> :0:><C-=81C4L =5AG0AB=><C A;CG0N, 45AOB8;5B=5<C =5C@>60N 8 AJ5AB=K5, ?@8?0AK ?@>4020;8AL =0 25A 7>;>B0, B> 8 2 B> 2@5<O =8:B> =5 1K; 1K 3>;>45= 2 >A:25, :@><5 10@A:8E A;C3, :>B>@KE, 2?@>G5<, 8 ?@8 >1I5< 4>2>;LAB25 =5 A;8H:>< >B:0@<;820NB, 25@>OB=>, 4;O ;53:>AB8 2 CA;C65=88. %>BO O =5 AB0B8AB8:, => <>3C @CG0BLAO, GB> 2 >4=>9 >A:25 AJ540NB 8 2K?820NB 1>;55 2 >48= 3>4, =565;8 2 F5;>9 B0;88 2 420 3>40. 0?>8BL 8 =0:>@<8BL 1>;55, =565;8 4>AKB0, ?>G8B05BAO 2 >A:25 ?5@2K< CA;>285< E>@>H53> ?@85<0. 0?8BLAO 8 =05ABLAO 4> A0<>3> =5;L7O 5ABL @>4 =0A;0645=8O, 2 :>B>@>< =5 >B:07K20NB A515 4065 ;N48 >1@07>20==K5. > O A;8H:>< 701>;B0;AO > ;N157=>9 =0H59 >A:25 8 >BABC?8; >B @0AA:070 <>8E ?>E>645=89. >;CG82 25 000 @C1;59, O ?>ABC?8; A =8<8 B>G=> B0: 65, :0: A> 2A5<8 45=L30<8, :>B>@K5 ?5@5E>48;8 G@57 <>8 @C:8, B> 5ABL: A<>B@5; B>;L:> =0 =0G0;> <>53> :0?8B0;0 8 =5 E>B5;; 273;O=CBL =0 ?@>B82>?>;>6=K9 :>=5F, GB>1 =5 >3>@G0BLAO, 2?@54L 53> C<5=LH5=85<. / =0=O; E>@>HCN :20@B8@C 8 M:8?06 2 G5BK@5 ;>H048. 025; 87@O4=>3> ?>20@0, =07=0G8; C A51O >48= 45=L 2 =545;N, 2 :>B>@K9 A>18@0;8AL C <5=O 7=0:><K5 8 ?@8OB5;8 : >154C 8 =0 25G5@, 8 ?CAB8;AO A 2878B0<8 ?> >A:25. 5=0 <>O A>AB028;0 A515 1>;LHCN ?0@B8N <564C <C6G8=0<8, 0 O - <564C 65=I8=0<8. 5@2K5 =0E>48;8 <>N 65=C _C4828B5;L=>_ ?@5;5AB=>N, 2B>@K5 =07K20;8 <5=O _C60A=>_ ;N157=K<, 8 <K, A:>@> ?>7=0:><82H8AL A ;CGH8<8 4><0<8 2 >A:25, AB0;8 68BL, :0: A;54C5B ;N4O< _?>@O4>G=K<_, B> 5ABL :>@<8BL 8 ?>8BL 4@C38E, ?@5AKI0BLAO A0<8 =0 GC68E >1540E 8 C68=0E, B0=F520BL 25745, 345 B>;L:>, 65;0;8 MB>3>, =0@O60BLAO, 83@0BL 2 :0@BK 2 1>;LHCN 83@C, 0 2A;54 70 MB8< 45;0BL 4>;38, =5 ?;0B8BL, 8 ?@>G55, 8 ?@>G55! AO:89 :0?8B0; 2 @C:0E <>B0 8<55B 420 :>=F0. 0 >4=>< :>=F5 F5?;ONBAO =0A;0645=8O 8 ?@8E>B8, =0 4@C3><, 5A;8 =5 ?><5AB8BAO @0A:0O=85, B> ?@8AB0NB 701;C645=8O, :>B>@K5 4>2>4OB G0AB> 4> ?@5ABC?;5=89. / >?><=8;AO ?@8 ?>A;54=59 AB>@C1;52>9 0AA83=0F88 8 ?@>1C48;AO 87 CAK?;5=8O >B ?@>=78B5;L=>3> :@8:0 <>8E 708<>402F52.  @07>@82H5<CAO G5;>25:C, :0: : B@C?C, ?@8?>;705B 2A5340 <=>65AB2> =@02AB25==KE ?@5A<K:0NI8E 8 304>2, GB>1 2>2A5 C=8GB>68BL 53> =@02AB25==>5 ACI5AB2>20=85. > <=5 O28;>AL <=>65AB2> ;>6=KE 83@>:>2, @>AB>2I8:>2 8 2AO:>3> @>40 ?@><KH;5==8:>2, GB>1 C2;5GL <5=O =0 AB57N ?>@>:0. =8 ?@54;030;8 A45;0BL 87 <>53> 4><0 83>@=K9 25@B5?, =045OAL, GB> O ?@82;5:C : A515 1>30BKE ;N459 87 2KAH53> :@C30 >1I5AB20, 0 65=0 <>O, :@0A028F0, 1C45B 2>7=03@0640BL ?@>83@02H8EAO =56=K<8 273;O40<8. @C385 E>B5;8, GB>1 O ?>72>;8;, 70 8725AB=K5 ?@>F5=BK, C?>B@51;OBL <>5 8<O 2 15745;L=8G5A:8E >1>@>B0E 8 B. ?. !>7=0NAL, O G0AB> ?@5ABC?0; ?@028;0 AB@>3>9 =@02AB25==>AB8, 87 ;53:><KA;8O 8 AB@0AB8 : 8745@6:0<, => =8:>340 =5 C=860; A51O >1<0=0<8 8 =0@CH5=85< 70:>=>2 G5AB8. / ?@>3=0; 2A5E <>8E A>1;07=8B5;59 8 @5H8;AO - O =8 =0 GB> =5 @5H8;AO, B>;L:> >B:0702H8AL >B A>1@0=89 2 <>5< 4><5 8 2K<>;82 C 872>7G8:0 :0@5BC 2 4>;3, ?CAB8;AO @07J5760BL ?> >A:25 1>;55 ?@56=53>, 2 =045645 =0B:=CBLAO =0 AG0ABL5. 08<>402F52 <>8E O C?@>A8; ?>4>640BL, >15I0O C?;0B8BL 8< 4>;38, :0: A:>@> ?>?@02;NAL 2 A>AB>O=88. =8, 284O, GB> A <5=O 27OBL =5G53>, A>3;0A8;8AL. > AG0ABLN, <564C =8<8 =5 =0H;>AL =8 >4=>3> B0:>3>, :>B>@K9 1K 2 CB5H5=85 A515 70 ?>B5@O==K5 45=L38 70E>B5; ?>A048BL <5=O 2 BN@L<C, A B5< GB>1 8<5BL C4>2>;LAB285 :>@<8BL =0 A2>9 AG5B. %>BO @07>@5=85 <>5 =5 =045;0;> 1>;LH>3> HC<0, => 2 >A:25 =8GB> =5 CB08BAO, 8 2A:>@5 25ABL MB0 >1>H;0 H5?>B>< F5;CN AB>;8FC. / C65 A:070;, GB> 2 >A:25 1>;55 4>1@KE, 8;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, A=8AE>48B5;L=KE ;N459, =565;8 2 4@C3>< <5AB5. >3>2>@8;8, ?>B>;:>20;8, ?>:@8B8:>20;8, ?>1@0=8;8 70 3;070 8 70<>;G0;8. 4=0 87 ?>68;KE 1>30BKE 40<, :>B>@0O =0E>48;0 <5=O _C60A=>_ <8;K<, ?@54;>68;0 <=5 A2>N 4@C61C 8 ?><>IL; 0 <C6 55, AG8B02H89 65=C <>N _C4828B5;L=>_ ?@5;5AB=>N, =5278@0O =0 A2>N AB0@>ABL 8 ?>403@C, 8<5; 25AL<0 =56=>5 A5@4F5 8 =5 <>3 E;04=>:@>2=> ?5@5=>A8BL, GB>1 ?@5:@0A=0O 5B@>=5;;0 =C640;0AL 2 =0@O40E. K ?>4@C68;8AL, A>AB028;8 >4=> A5<59AB2>, A0<>5 A>3;0A=>5, 8 >?OBL 7068;8 ?@8?520NG8. 5=0 <>O AB0;0 =0@O60BLAO 1>30G5, =565;8 ?@5645, 0 O ?@8=O;AO C3>I0BL ?@8OB5;59 G0I5 8 ;CGH5 ?@56=53>, 83@0BL 2 1>;LHCN 83@C 8 45;0BL =>2K5 4>;38 3>@074> A<5;55, C?;0B82 AB0@K5.  >4AB25==8:0< 3@0D0 8 3@0D8=8 &8B5@8=KE 25AL<0 =5 =@028;0AL =0H0 B5A=0O 4@C610. =8, GB>1 @072;5GL 8 @0AA5OBL AB0@8:0 8 AB0@CEC, C?@>A8;8 4>:B>@>2 ?@8A>25B>20BL 8< 5E0BL : <8=5@0;L=K< 2>40< 70 3@0=8FC, >1>8< 2<5AB5 8 : >4=><C F5;51=><C 8AB>G=8:C, 4C<0O, GB> O 8 65=0 <>O, 87 ?@8;8G89, >AB0=5<AO 2 >A:25. > 345 AB@0ABL 8;8 =C640, B0< =5 459AB2CNB A25BA:85 ?@8;8G8O. !B0@8: 8 AB0@CE0 A>3;0A8;8AL 5E0BL : <8=5@0;L=K< 2>40< 87 ;N128 : 687=8, => ?@54;>68;8 =0< 5E0BL 2<5AB5 A =8<8. K A C4>2>;LAB285< ?@8=O;8 MB> ?@54;>65=85. 'B>1 871028BLAO >B 4>:CG;82>9 4@C61K 3@0D8=8=>9 2 ?CB8 8 70 3@0=8F5N, O ?@8B2>@8;AO 1>;L=K<, 0 <564C B5<, >E0O 8 ?@8E@0<K20O 4><0, ?5; 8 ?@K30; 2 4@C38E <5AB0E.  0@;A1045 <K ?@>25;8 2@5<O 4>2>;L=> 25A5;>. 1I5AB2> =0 2>40E A>AB>O;>: 87 C2O;KE :>:5B>:, 8ICI8E =0 2>40E ?>381H59 A2565AB8; 87 83@>:>2; 87 <8=8AB@>2 8 25;L<>6 @07=KE 42>@>2, ;8H82H8EAO <5AB A2>8E 8 A8;K, :>B>@KE 2 =0G0;5 =5<8;>AB8 >1K:=>25==> ?>3@C60NB 2 <8=5@0;L=CN 2>4C, :0: 2 5BC, GB>1 C =8E 8A?0@8;0AL ?0<OBL ?@56=53> <>3CI5AB20; 87 <>;>4KE 65=-:@0A028F, :>B>@K5, 87 ;N128 : 4>1@>45B5;8, 8ICB @0AA5O=8O >B ?5G0;L=>9 AC?@C65A:>9 25@=>AB8, _40;5:>_ >B A2>53> >B5G5AB20; 87 <>;>4KE 8 AB0@KE 25B@5=8:>2, 8ICI8E ?@8:;NG5=89 ?> 15;C A25BC; =0:>=5F, 87 <=>65AB20 A;01>=5@2=KE, 8AG0EH8E 1>;L=KE >1>53> ?>;0, :>B>@K5, ?> ?@8=OB><C ?@028;C, ?>G8B0;8 ;5:0@AB2>< =0 2>40E @0AA5O=85 8 =0A;0645=85, 8 ?>B><C 2A5, 74>@>2K5 8 1>;L=K5, AB0@0;8AL 45;0BL :0: <>6=> 1>;55 3;C?>AB59, ?@8=>AOI8E ?>;L7C 4>:B>@0<, B@0:B8@I8:0<, 83@>:0< 8 =8<D0<. / ?>?0; 2 A2>N AD5@C 8, A:CG0O 2 >1I5AB25 <>8E 4@C759, 3@0D0 8 3@0D8=8, I54@> ?>7=03@0640; A51O 2=5 4><0, 70 ?@5B5@?5==CN A:C:C. 5=0 <>O, A :>B>@>9 <K, <564C ?@>G8<, 68;8 4CH0 2 4CHC, 8A:0;0 @0AA5O=8O A2>8< G5@54><, 8 <564C =0<8 =5 1K;> =8 @52=>AB8, =8 @0AAB@>9AB20. >, ;N157=K9 K6838=, ;53:><KA;85 8 @0A?CB=0O 687=L @0=> 8;8? ?>74=> 2>2;5:0NB 2 1574=C. KA;CH09 8 C4>AB>25@LAO! 564C ?@5:@0A=K<8 ?>A5B8B5;L=8F0<8 0@;A1040 <=5 1>;55 2A5E =@028;0AL 3@0D8=O !5=A818;8, ?@85E02H0O 87 5=K, A 42C<O <0;K<8 45BL<8, ?>;L7>20BLAO >B 8?>E>=4@88 F5;51=K<8 2>40<8. C6 55, 1;03>@>4=K9 8B0;LO=5F, 70=8<0; 206=CN 4>;6=>ABL 2 02AB@89A:8E 8B0;LO=A:8E 2;045=8OE 8 =5 <>3 59 A>?CBAB2>20BL. 0:0O-B> B><=>ABL @07;8B0 1K;0 =0 ?@5;5AB=KE G5@B0E 3@0D8=8; 3;C1>:0O GC2AB28B5;L=>ABL 2K@060;0AL 2 55 27>@0E 8 A>>1I0;0AL A5@4FC B5E, =0 :>B>@KE >=0 CAB@5<;O;0 1>;LH85 G5@=K5 A2>8 3;070. 8452 55 =5A:>;L:> @07 2 4><5 >4=>9 AB0@>9 02AB@89A:>9 10@>=5AAK, O A=8A:0; 1;03>@0A?>;>65=85 3@0D8=8 8 ?>;CG8; ?>72>;5=85 =025I0BL 55. / ?>G8B0; 55 8B0;8O=:>N, =>, 2>>1@078 <>5 C482;5=85, :>340 O C7=0;, GB> >=0 @CAA:0O :=O6=0, E>BO =5 7=0;0 =8 >4=>3> A;>20 ?>-@CAA:8. >A?8B0==0O 2 5B5@1C@35 D@0=FC65=:>N, >=0, 2 4><5 @>48B5;59 A2>8E, ?@8@>4=KE @CAA:8E, =8:>340 =5 A;KE0;0 >B5G5AB25==>3> O7K:0.  MB>< 4><5 ?@54?>GB8B5;L=> 1K;8 ?@8=8<05<K 8=>AB@0=FK, 8 <>;>40O :=O6=0 >B 45BAB20 ?@82K:;0 A;KH0BL, GB> @CAA:85 20@20@K, =5 A?>A>1=K =8 : G5<C, :0: B>;L:> : ?;0B56C >1@>:0 8 <5;>G=>9 B>@3>2;5, 0 GB> >4=8 B>;L:> GC6575<FK _;N48_, A :>B>@KE @CAA:85 4>;6=K 1@0BL ?@8<5@, :0: 68BL 2 A25B5. =O6=5 =0B>;:>20;8, GB> @CAA:89 O7K: <>65B 1KBL C?>B@51;O5< B>;L:> <564C G5@=K< =0@>4>< 8 GB> >= B0: 3@C1, GB> 1;03>2>A?8B0==0O 40<0 <>65B ?>;CG8BL 1>;L 2 3>@;5 >B ?@>87=>H5=8O >AB@>:>=5G=KE @CAA:8E A;>2. C25@=0=B:0 :=O6=K :;O;0AL, GB> >=0 F5;CN =545;N AB@040;0 7C1=>N 1>;LN 8 >?CE>;LN O7K:0 >B B>3>, GB> A8;8;0AL ?@>87=5ABL A;>2>: _?>I5G8=0_, =5278@0O =0 B>, GB> MB> B0: ;53:> ?@>872>48BL 2 459AB2> =04 @CAA:8<8 A;C60=:0<8. 5AG0AB=0O :=O6=0 (3>2>@N =5AG0AB=0O, ?>B><C GB> ?>G8B0N B0:>2K<8 B5E, :>B>@K5 =5 7=0NB 8 =5 ;N1OB A2>53> >B5G5AB20) G@572KG09=> 1K;0 @040, :>340 <0BL 55, ?> A<5@B8 A2>53> <C60, 2K5E0;0 87  >AA88 8, ?@>5E02 24>;L 8 ?>?5@5: 2@>?C, ?>A5;8;0AL 2> $;>@5=F88. !B0@CE0 2KH;0 B0< 70<C6 70 >4=>3> <>;>4>3> D@0=FC7A:>3> <5I0=8=0, :>B>@><C :C?8;8 70 45=L38 3@0DA:>5 4>AB>8=AB2>, B0<, 345 >=> ?@>405BAO. 0 ?OB=04F0B>< 3>4C :=O6=C 0;0=LN >B40;8 B0:65 70<C6 70 3@0D0 !5=A818;8, 8 2A:>@5 =0H0 >4=>75<:0, ?@8=O2 2A5 8B0;8O=A:85 >1KG08, ?>701K;0 4065 > ACI5AB2>20=88  >AA88. @>H;> 45AOBL ;5B >B 55 1@0:0, 8 >=0 ?>GC2AB2>20;0 8?>E>=4@8N, B0:65, :065BAO, >B 871KB:0 AC?@C65A:>3> AG0ABLO: ?>5E0;0 @0AA5OBLAO 2 5=C, 0 >BBC40 2 0@;A104, 345 O >:070; 59 25;8G09HCN CA;C3C, C4>AB>25@82 55, GB> @CAA:85 <>3CB ;N18BL B0: 65 =56=>, A8;L=> 8 ?;0<5==>, :0: 8B0;LO=FK 8 D@0=FC7K, 8 B5< ?@8<8@8; 55 A >B5G5AB2><. =0 4065 AB0;0 CG8BLAO ?>-@CAA:8 8 =0H;0, GB> A;>2> _;N1;N_ G@572KG09=> =56=> 8 ?@8OB=> 4;O A;CE0. @0D8=O !5=A818;8 4>;6=0 1K;0 5E0BL 2 5=5F8N, : <C6C. / C?@>A8; 3@0D8=N 8 3@0D0 &8B5@8=KE >B?@028BLAO =0 78<C BC40 65.  MB>< 3>@>45 O ?@>2>48; 2@5<O G@572KG09=> ?@8OB=>, ?>A5I0O 5654=52=> <8;CN 3@0D8=N !5=A818;8, ?>4 8<5=5< CG8B5;O @CAA:>3> O7K:0. / =5 E>B5; 1KBL 2E>6 2 4>< 55 ?>4 A2>8< 8<5=5<, 81> B>340 <=5 =04;560;> 1K ?>7=0:><8BL 3@0D0 !5=A818;8 A =0H8< :04@8;L=K< A5<59AB2>< 8 225AB8 BC40 3@0D8=N, GB> <>3;> 1K A18BL A B0:BC =0H 4@C65A:89 :04@8;L. K 284K20;8AL A 3@0D8=5N !5=A818;8 B0:65 2 4><5 >4=>9 AB0@>9 55 ?@8OB5;L=8FK 8 =0 2A5E 3>@>4A:8E C25A5;5=8OE, :>B>@KE 2 5=5F88 <=>65AB2>. !:06C B515 =5A:>;L:> A;>2 >1 MB>< 3>@>45. >@40O, =5:>340, 5=5F8O, 2K25B@52 >B ?>;8B8:8 8 ?@>8A:>2 0@8AB>:@0B88, ?>B5@O2 A8;C 8 1>30BAB2>, =5 ;8H8;0AL AB@0AB8 A2>59 : 701020<: =0?@>B82 B>3>, A45;0;0AL A@54>B>G85< @0AA5O=8O 8 =0A;0645=89.  0@865 8 >=4>=5 G5;>25: >B2;5:05BAO >B GC2AB25==KE =0A;0645=89 ?>;8B8:>N, =0C:0<8, 87OI=K<8 EC4>65AB20<8 8 C<=K<8 15A540<8.  5=5F88, 8A:;NG0O <C7K:8, @0A?>;030NI59 4CHC : =56=K< >ICI5=8O<, =5 7=0NB 4@C38E C4>2>;LAB289, :@><5 2>;>:8BAB20 8 ;N1>2=KE 8=B@83. N1>2L - 0B<>AD5@0 5=5F88, 8 GC6575<FK ?@85760NB BC40 87 40;5:8E AB@0= ?>4KH0BL 2>74CE>< MB>3> =>2>3> 0D>A0. 8345 65=I8=K =5 ?>;L7CNBAO B0:>N 2>;L=>ABLN, :0: 2 5=5F88. >4 ;53:8<8 ?>:@>20<8 >=8 A<5;> 2E>4OB 2 :>D59=K5 4><0, 2 :078=> 8 B>;?OBAO 2 =0@>45 =0 ?;>I048 !2. 0@:0, 2 A04C <>=0ABK@O !2. 5>@38O 8;8 =0 >2>9 =015@56=>9. 5=I8= A>?@>2>640NB =5 <C6LO, 0 :020;5@K-?@8A;C6=8:8 (cavaliere-servente), :>B>@K5 >B?@02;ONB BC 65 4>;6=>ABL ?@8 25=5F8O=A:8E 40<0E, :0: @0AB>@>?=K5 04JNB0=BK ?@8 <>;>4KE 65=0E AB0@KE 35=5@0;>2, B> 5ABL :020;5@-?@8A;C6=8: 4>;65= =5>BABC?=> 1KBL ?@8 A2>59 40<5 A CB@0 4> 25G5@0, 5A;8 59 =5 274C<05BAO 27OBL 4@C3>3> A?CB=8:0, =0 =5:>B>@>5 2@5<O. "K 7=05HL, GB> 5=5F8O ?>AB@>5=0 =0 >B<5;OE, 2 <>@5, 8 GB> B0< 2<5AB> C;8F :0=0;K, 0 2<5AB> M:8?0659 :@KBK5 ;>4:8, 8;8 3>=4>;K. -B8-B> 3>=4>;K ACBL ?;02CG85 E@0<K ;N128 8 3@>1K AC?@C65A:>9 25@=>AB8. @>A;02;5==0O @52=>ABL 8B0;LO=F52 A3>@05B ?@8 A25B8;L=8:5 8<5=5O 8 ?@52@0I05BAO 2 4K< 8 ?0@, 87 :>B>@KE B>340 B>;L:> >1@07C5BAO 3@>70, :>340 ?>2545=85 65=K C3@>605B @0AAB@>9AB2>< <C6=8=C :0@<0=C.  5=5F88 =5 8<5NB ?>=OB8O > 3>AB5?@88<AB25. "0< 2A5 68B5;8 ?@>2>4OB 2@5<O 2<5AB5 B>;L:> 2 :078=>, :>D59=KE 4><0E, =0 ?;>I048 8;8 2 B50B@5; ?>BG520NB 4@C3 4@C30 B>;L:> <>@>65=K<, H>:>;04>< 8 25AL<0 @54:> >1540<8; 0 2 4><K ?>AK;0NB 2878B=K5 :0@B>G:8. >>1I5 8B0;LO=FK =5 A>740=K =8 4;O B8E>9 15A54K, =8 4;O A:@><=>9 A5<59=>9 687=8. 5;8G09H8< 1;03>< 2 687=8 ?>G8B0NB >=8 - =8G53> =5 45;0BL (far niente), 8 A0<>5 =0A;0645=85 8 ?@>3C;:0 =07K205BAO C =8E @01>B>N. 5 =C6=> B515 A:07K20BL, GB> =5B ?@028;0 157 8A:;NG5=8O. / 68; 2 5=5F88 :0: 2 @0N, >:>;> 3>40, :0: >4=064K... 4@C3 ?>A;KH0;AO 3>;>A @A0;0=-AC;B0=0, :>B>@K9 720; <5=O : A515, 8 8;>2848= 4>;65= 1K; ?@5:@0B8BL A2>5 ?>25AB2>20=85.  XVII  ( !" (  !% "!",   /.    !! . #-,. !". - ".  +"  !"",. '" "  ? .  !". ! - N157=K9 20=! - A:070; <=5 @A0;0=-AC;B0=. - K 2 A>25B5 AB0@59H8= @5H8;8 B2>N CG0ABL. / 7=0N, GB> BK B><8HLAO 3@CABLN ?> >B5G5AB25 8 5A;8 >AB0=5HLAO <564C =0<8, B> B>;L:> 87 ;N128 :> <=5. >57609 A >3><, 20=! >B GB> ?>AB0=>2;5=> =0<8, 2 @0AAC645=88 B51O. @A0;0= 2K=C; 87-70 ?07CE8 ;>A:CB>: 1C<038, :>B>@K9 1K; 7025@=CB 2 =5A:>;L:> ?;0B:>2, :0: 25;8G09H0O @54:>ABL, 8 ?@>G5; A;54CNI55: "1) ;5==8: =5?>1548<>3>, 2>;L=>3> 8 7=0<5=8B>3> 8@387A:>3> =0@>40, 20= K6838=, >A2>1>6405BAO 70 >:070==K5 8< 25;8:85 CA;C38 ?@52>AE>4=><C ?;5<5=8 030=0;K-8?G0:A:><C 8 70 A?0A5=85 4@03>F5==>9 687=8 @A0;0=-AC;B0=0. 2) >;L=K9 20= K6838= >1JO2;5= AK=>< 1;03>@>4=>3> 8 ;CGH53> ?>:>;5=8O 030=0;K-8?G0:A:>3>. >340 1 >=, 20= K6838=, ?@>7@52 >G0<8 <C4@>AB8, 274C<0; 2>72@0B8BLAO 2 1;03>A;>25==CN 8 ;CGHCN ?>4 A>;=F5< AB@0=C, AB5?L 8@387A:CN, B>340 :064K9 >B5F A5<59AB20 4>;65= ?@8=OBL 53> 2 A2>59 N@B5 :0: @>4=>3> AK=0, :064K9 2>8= 8@387A:89, :0: A2>53> 1@0B0, 0 :0640O 4528F0 8@387A:0O, :0: 65=8E0 8;8 <C60, ?> 2>;5 20=0 K6838=0. 3) &5;>5 ?@52>AE>4=>5 ?;5<O 030=0;K-8?G0:A:>5 >1O70=> :>@<8BL, >4520BL 20=0 K6838=0 8 >B0?;820BL 53> N@BC, ?>:0 >= =5 1C45B 8<5BL 27@>A;KE 45B59 8;8 A0< 4>1@>2>;L=> =5 >B:065BAO >B ?@54>AB02;5==>3> 5<C ?@020. 4) AN 4>1KGC 20=0 K6838=0, @02=> :0: ;>H0459 53> 8 25@1;N4>2, AB0@H8=K 15@CBAO ?@>40BL ?@8 ?5@2>< A;CG05 2 @5=1C@35 8;8 2 ?>3@0=8G=KE  CAA:8E C:@5?;5=8OE 8 45=L38 >B>A;0BL : =5<C, :C40 >= ?@8:065B. 564C B5< =0 4>@>3C A>1@0=K 5<C BKAOG0 G5@2>==KE 8 40=> 425=04F0BL :8? ;CGH8E B>20@>2, :>B>@K5 8 >B404CBAO 5<C =5<54;5==>. 5) 20= K6838= 8<55B ?@02> 2K257BL A A>1>N 87 AB5?8 A2>8E  CAA:8E =52>;L=8:>2 8 ?>;CG05B ?@>2>4=8:>2 8 2>5==>5 ?@8:@KB85 4> A0<>9 3@0=8FK". - >2>;5= ;8 BK =0H8< ?>AB0=>2;5=85<? - A:070; @A0;0=. <5AB> >B25B0 O 1@>A8;AO 5<C =0 H5N 8 70;8;AO A;570<8. @8 >4=>< 2>A?><8=0=88 >1 >B5G5AB25, >  >AA88, 2A5 <>5 BI5A;0285 8AG57;> :0: 4K<, 8 O @5H8;AO =5<54;5==> >B?@028BLAO. - >340 65 BK E>G5HL =0A >AB028BL? - A?@>A8; @A0;0=. - 02B@0 65, - >B25G0; O, ?>BC?82 3;070, :0: 1C4B> ABK4OAL A2>59 =51;03>40@=>AB8. - B0:, O 709<CAL ?@83>B>2;5=85< 2A53> =C6=>3> : B2>5<C >BJ574C, - A:070; @A0;0= 8 B>BG0A ?>4>720; : A515 =5A:>;L:> AB0@H8=. 'B>1 =5 <5H0BL 8< A>25B>20BLAO, O C40;8;AO 2 A2>N N@BC. >340 O >1JO28; 8;>2848=C, GB> <K 702B@0 65 >B?@02;O5<AO 2  >AA8N, B> >= 5420 =5 ;8H8;AO C<0 >B @04>AB8: >= ?;0:0;, A<5O;AO, ?@K30;, ?5; 8, =0:>=5F, CA?>:>82H8AL, ?>1;03>40@8; >30 A> A;570<8 70 A2>5 87102;5=85 8 =07K20; <5=O A2>8< 1;03>45B5;5<. - K6838=! - A:070; 8;>2848=, ?@868<0O <5=O : 3@C48 A2>59. - "K 2>72@0B8; <=5 >B5G5AB2> 8 A2>1>4C; => MB> A5@4F5 2A5340 1C45B B2>5N A>1AB25==>ABLN. / B2>9 =025:8!.. BAB02=>9 A>;40B =5 <5=55 >1@04>20;AO, GB> 871028BAO >B =5E@8AB59, 8 ?@>A8; <5=O, GB>1 O >AB028; 53> C A51O 2 CA;C65=88, ?>B><C GB> C =53> =0 A2OB>9  CA8 =5B =8 :>;0 =8 42>@0. >702B@0:02 60@5==>N =0 C3>;LOE 10@0=8=>N 8 70?82 1@03>N, O ?@>A8; 8;>2848=0 :>=G8BL A2>9 @0AA:07. - 4=064K, - ?@>4>;60; 8;>2848=, - :>340 O 2KH5; 87 4><C 2 A>?@>2>645=88 A;C68B5;O, GB>1 ?@>3C;OBLAO 2 3>=4>;5 ?> 27<>@LN, <0;LG8: >B40; <=5 70?8A:C 8 A:@K;AO. / 4C<0;, GB> MB> ;N1>2=>5 ?8AL<>, 8 A?5H8; ?@>G5ABL. > =0 MB>B @07 >1<0=C;AO 2 A2>59 =045645. 0?8A:0 ?8A0=0 1K;0 ?>-@CAA:8 8 70:;NG0;0 2 A515 A;54CNI55: "A;8 2 B515 A>E@0=8;0AL E>BL :0?;O @CAA:>9 42>@O=A:>9 :@>28 8 5A;8 G5ABL B2>O =5 A>25@H5==> ?><5@:;0 =0 ?>?@8I5 @072@0B0, B> O28AL 702B@0 2 12 G0A>2 CB@0 =0 B25@4>9 75<;5, 2 B@0:B8@ !>;=F0, =0 15@53C @5=BK, A ?0@>N ?8AB>;5B>2, =5 >1JO2;OO =8:><C > A5< 2 4><5. "K C7=05HL <5=O =0 <5AB5, 345 >48= 87 =0A 4>;65= ?>381=CBL". 5 ?>AB830O, >B :>3> <>3 1KBL MB>B 2K7>2, O, >4=0:> 6, @5H8;AO O28BLAO 2 =07=0G5==K9 G0A 8 ?>H5; B>BG0A : >4=><C ?@8OB5;N <>5<C, 0=3;8G0=8=C, ?@>A8BL 53> 2 A5:C=40=BK. 5@55E02 2 3>=4>;5 =0 ?;>I04L !2. 0@:0, O 2>H5; 2 :>D59=K9 4><, ?>4 0@:04K, =045OAL B0< =09B8 <>53> ?@8OB5;O, 8 C 425@59 ?>;CG8; 4@C3>5 ?8AL<> =0 D@0=FC7A:>< O7K:5, A;54CNI53> A>45@60=8O: "48= 87 =0A 4>;65= ?>381=CBL, GB>1 4@C3>9 1K; AG0AB;82. 02B@0 2 3 G0A0 ?>?>;C4=8 >6840N 20A A> H?03>N, =0 B25@4>9 75<;5, 2 B@0:B8@5 !8@5=0, =0 15@53C @5=BK. K ;N48 7=0:><K5, 8 O =5 8<5N =C64K ?>4?8AK20BL A2>53> 8<5=8, ?>B><C GB> ?@8 A2840=88 2K C7=05B5, A :5< 8<55B5 45;>". 25 4CM;8 2 >48= 45=L, =5 HCB:0! 5278@0O =0 B>, GB> C<5N 2;045BL H?03>N 8 GB> O ?>G8B0;AO 2 ?>;:C >4=8< 87 8A:CA=59H8E AB@5;:>2, O =5 <>3, >4=0:> 6, ?@5>4>;5BL 2 A515 A<CI5=8O, ?>;CG82 24@C3 420 2K7>20. 0: =8 @0AAC6409, 0 25AL<0 =5?@8OB=> 1KBL C18BK< 8;8 C189F5N! / 4>304K20;AO, GB> 2>;>:8BAB2> <>5 2>2;5:;> <5=O 2 MB> =5?@8OB=>5 ?>;>65=85, => =8:0: =5 <>3 ?@>=8:=CBL, :0:>9 A;CG09 2>>@C68; ?@>B82 <5=O =58725AB=>3> <=5 75<;O:0. =3;8G0=8= =5 B>;L:> A>3;0A8;AO 1KBL A5:C=40=B><, => 8 >1@04>20;AO, GB> 1C45B A2845B5;5< 42CE A<5@B>C189AB2. = ?@87=0;AO <=5, GB> =0F8>=0;L=0O 1>;57=L, A?;8=, C65 =0G0;0 <CG8BL 53> 8 GB> >= 4;O B>3> B>;L:> ?@54?@8=O; ?CB5H5AB285 ?> 2@>?5, GB>1 8<5BL 1>;55 A;CG052 ?>7=0:><8BLAO A> A<5@BLN 8 2>7=5=02845BL 687=L. / ?@>25; F5;K9 45=L A 0=3;8G0=8=><. = AB0@0;AO CB>?8BL 2 28=5 A2>9 A?;8=, 0 O E>B5; 70;8BL <>5 3>@5. K 2>72@0B8;8AL 4><>9 >G5=L ?>74=>. 0 4@C3>5 CB@> O ?>1560; A >@C685< : 0=3;8G0=8=C, 8 <K >B?@028;8AL B>BG0A =0 <5AB> A2840=8O, GB>1 8<5BL 2@5<O ?>702B@0:0BL ?5@54 A<5@BLN. :>;> 12 G0A>2 CB@0 <K 2KH;8 =0 1>;LHCN 4>@>3C, >6840O =0H53> ?@>B82=8:0. 48= 8B0;LO=5F, ?@8OB=>9 =0@C6=>AB8, ?>4>H5; : =0< 8 A?@>A8;, :>B>@K9 87 =0A =07K205BAO 8;>2848=K<. >A;5 B>3> >= ?@54;>68; =0< ?@>3C;OBLAO 2 ?0@:5, 345 >6840; <5=O ?@>B82=8:.  :>=F5 @>I8 =0H5; O <>53> 75<;O:0, :>B>@K9 ?@>E06820;AO A:>@K<8 H030<8, ?> =51>;LH><C ;C3C. / ?>4>H5; : =5<C 8, ?@8?>4=O2 H;O?C, A:070;: - 8;>AB82K9 3>AC40@L! O =5 8<5N G5AB8 7=0BL 20A, 8 A;54>20B5;L=>, =5 <>3 20A >1845BL C<KH;5==>. =5 :065BAO, GB> 1K;> 1K 25AL<0 1;03>@07C<=>, 5A;8 1 <K ?@5645 >1JOA=8;8AL. - -B> 2>2A5 =5 =C6=>, - >B25G0; <=5 75<;O:. - 1840, =0=5A5==0O <=5 20<8, B0:>3> @>40, GB> 55 =8G5< =5;L7O 703;048BL. > <>53> 8<5=8 20< B0:65 =5B =C64K. >2>;L=> B>3>, GB> O @CAA:89 42>@O=8=, >D8F5@ 8 ?@81K; AN40 =0@>G=> 4;O B>3> B>;L:>, GB>1 4@0BLAO A 20<8. 72>;LB5 AB0=>28BLAO =0 ?>78F8N 8 AB@5;O9B5. > ?><=8B5, 5A;8 2K 70E>B8B5 83@0BL @>;L 25;8:>4CH=>3>, B> 1C45B5 A0<>C189F5N. #A;>285 4CM;8 B0:>5: A5:C=40=BK =0H8 4>;6=K >B<5@8BL ?OB=04F0BL H03>2 8 <K ?> 40==><C 7=0:C 2>;L=K 8;8 B>BG0A AB@5;OBL 2 >4=> 2@5<O A G5@BK, 8;8 >48= 87 =0A, 402 2KAB@5;8BL ?@>B82=8:C, <>65B ?>4>9B8 =0 >48= H03 8 2KAB@5;8BL 2 =53>, ?@8AB0282 ?8AB>;5B :> ;1C. - -B> =5 4CM;L, 0 C189AB2>! - 2>A:;8:=C; O. - 'B>, =5C65;8 BK C65 AB@CA8;, @072@0B=8:! - A:070; <>9 ?@>B82=8: 3@>7=>. - > 5A;8 BK 4C<05HL 87153=CBL =0:070=8O B@CA>ABLN, B> O B515 B>BG0A @074@>1;N 3>;>2C! - =, :0: 15H5=K9, 1@>A8;AO =0 <5=O A ?8AB>;5B><, 8 5A;8 1 0=3;8G0=8= =5 CA?5; AE20B8BL 53> 70 @C:C, B> >=, 25@=> 1K, 2 <5=O 2KAB@5;8;. @>2L 2> <=5 70:8?5;0. - / ?>:06C <>N B@CA>ABL! - 2>A:;8:=C; O 8 B>BG0A AB0; =0 G5@B5. >40;8 7=0:, O ?@8F5;8;AO, A?CAB8; :C@>: 8 - ?@>B82=8: <>9 C?0;, >1;82H8AL :@>2LN, =5 CA?52 2KAB@5;8BL. / 1@>A8;AO, GB>1 ?><>GL 5<C, C7=0BL 53> 8<O 8 ?@8G8=C 53> =5=028AB8 :> <=5. > >= 3@>7=> 2>7>?8;, GB>1 O C40;8;AO 8 =5 >A:25@=O; A2>8< ?@8ACBAB285< ?>A;54=8E <8=CB 53> 687=8. !5:C=40=B 53> =5 E>B5; B0:65 >B25G0BL =0 <>8 2>?@>AK 8 ?@>A8; =0A C40;8BLAO. K A 0=3;8G0=8=>< 2>72@0B8;8AL 2 B@0:B8@, 87C<;5==K5 A8< =5?>=OB=K< ?@>8AH5AB285<, 8 @5H8;8AL 4>6840BLAO A@>:0 4@C3>9 4CM;8, =5 2>72@0I0OAL 2 3>@>4. :>;> CA;>2;5==>3> 2@5<5=8 <K ?>5E0;8 : 4@C3><C B@0:B8@C, 345 =0H;8 B0:65 A5:C=40=B0. = 225; <5=O 2 :><=0BC, 345, : 25;8G09H5<C <>5<C C482;5=8N, 70AB0; O 3@0D0 !5=A818;8. - 0H8 C@>:8 @CAA:>3> O7K:0, - A:070; >=, >1@0I0OAL :> <=5, - ?@>8725;8 B0:>5 459AB285 =04 <>5N 65=>9, GB> >=0 2>7=0<5@8;0AL, 27O2 A2>N G0ABL 8<5=8O 8 45B59 =0H8E, >B?@028BLAO 2  >AA8N. B0:, O @5H8;AO, 3. ?@>D5AA>@, 40BL 20< C@>: 4@C3>3> @>40. / <>3 1K 2>>@C68BL ?@>B82 20A =05<=KE C189F, :0: B> 45;0NB 4@C385 =0H8 <C6LO; =>, 1K2 2 2>5==>9 A;C615, O 8<5N 4@C385 ?@028;0 8 E>GC 4>AB028BL A515 C4>2>;LAB285 ;8G=> >B<AB8BL 20< 70 =0=5A5==CN <=5 >184C. / 2A5 7=0N! - 1 >1845 =8 A;>20, - >B25G0; O, - => 5A;8 2K ?@54?>;0305B5, GB> O =0CG8; 65=C 20HC >AB028BL 20A 8 >B?@028BLAO 2  >AA8N, B> :;O=CAL 20<, GB> 2K >H8105B5AL 8 GB> O 2 ?5@2K9 @07 >1 MB>< >B 20A A;KHC. - >;=>B5, AC40@L, ?>;=>B5, - >B25G0; 3@0D, - =5 C:@0H09B5 ;>6LN 42>9=>9 A2>59 87<5=K; 65=5 20H59 - 8... => O ?@81K; AN40 =5 4;O >1JOA=5=89. >945<B5 2 A04. 5;L7O 1K;> >B:07K20BLAO, 8 O 4>;65= 1K; 4@0BLAO =0 H?030E A =5AG0AB=K< <C65<. !=0G0;0 O AB0@0;AO B>;L:> 70I8I0BLAO 8 =0=5ABL <>5<C ?@>B82=8:C ;53:CN @0=C, GB>1 ?@5:@0B8BL 1>9; => 3@0D B0: A8;L=> =0?8@0; =0 <5=O 8 A B0:8< 60@>< AB@5<8;AO ;8H8BL <5=O 687=8, GB> O A0< @073>@OG8;AO 8 2 A2>N >G5@54L AB0; =0?040BL =0 <>53> ?@>B82=8:0.  >BG0O=88 >= E>B5; CE20B8BLAO 70 H?03C <>N 8 1@>A8;AO =0 <5=O A @07<0EC. > >AB@85 <>59 H?038 2>=78;>AL 2 3@C4L 53>, 8 >= C?0; 157 GC2AB2 =0 75<;N. K A 0=3;8G0=8=>< ?5@5=5A;8 @0=5=>3> 2 B@0:B8@, ?>A;0;8 70 4>:B>@>< 8, >AB0282 3@0D0 =0 ?>?5G5=88 53> A5:C=40=B0, ?>A?5H8;8 2 3>@>4. @85E02 4><>9, O 2AB@5B8; 65=C <>N, :>B>@0O <=5 >1JO28;0, GB> 3@0D 8 3@0D8=O &8B5@8=K 70?5@;8AL 2 A2>8E :><=0B0E 8 =0E>4OBAO 2 25;8G09H59 3>@5AB8; GB> 3@0D >B:070;AO 4065 2845BL ?@5;5AB=CN 5B@>=5;;C, 0 3@0D8=O =5 25;5;0 ?CA:0BL <5=O : A515 8 ?@>A8;0 ?5@51@0BLAO =0 4@C3CN :20@B8@C. 5=0 <>O C7=0;0 >B :0<5@48=5@0, GB> AK= 3@0D0, 1K2H89 @>B<8AB@>< 2 3CA0@A:>< ?>;:C, :>B>@>3> <K ?@5645 2>2A5 =5 7=0;8, B09=> ?@85E0; 2 5=5F8N, A<5@B5;L=> @0=5= =0 ?>548=:5 8 =0 >4@5 A<5@B8 =0?8A0; : @>48B5;O< B0:>5 ?8AL<>, >B :>B>@>3> 3@0D8=5 ?@8:;NG8;8AL B@8 >1<>@>:0, 8AB5@8:0 8 =5@2=K9 ?0@>:A87<, 0 3@0D ?>GC2AB2>20; CA8;5==K9 ?@8?04>: ?>403@K 8 @>4 ?0@0;8G0. / 4>3040;AO B>BG0A, GB> <>9 =5?@8<8@8<K9 75<;O: 1K; AK= 3@0D0 &8B5@8=0, => A:@K; MB> ?5@54 <>5N 65=>9. '@57 ?>;G0A0 O ?>;CG8; ?8AL<> >B 3@0D8=8 !5=A818;8, 2 :>B>@>< >=0 C?@5:0;0 <5=O 2 A<5@B8 >BF0 55 45B59, =07K20;0 8725@3><, C189F5N 8 70?@5I0;0 O2;OBLAO =0 3;070.  >BG0O=88 ?>1560; O : ?@8OB5;N <>5<C, 0=3;8G0=8=C, 8 B0< C7=0;, GB> ?@028B5;LAB2> 8I5B C189FC 3@0D0 !5=A818;8 8 ?@857653> 8=>75<F0 8 GB> 5A;8 : 25G5@C O =5 C15@CAL 70 3@0=8FC, B> 1C4C 0@5AB>20= 8 70:;NG5= 2 BN@L<C. / 2>72@0B8;AO 4><>9, A>1@0; 2A5 =0;8G=K5 <>8 45=L38 8 4@03>F5==K5 25I8, =0?8A0; : 65=5 ?8AL<>, 2 :>B>@>< C254><8; 55 >1> 2A5< A;CG82H5<AO, 8 A>25B>20; 2>72@0B8BLAO 2 4>< >BF0 8 640BL <5=O. >A;5 B>3> O =0=O; 3>=4>;C 8 ?>5E0; =0 @594. 48= 35=CM7A:89 :>@01;L ?>4=8<0; O:>@L, GB>1, 2>A?>;L7>202H8AL 1;03>?>;CG=K< 25B@><, >B?;KBL 2 >=AB0=B8=>?>;L. 0?8B0=, :>B>@>3> O =0:0=C=5 ?>BG520; 2 :>D59=>< 4><5, A>3;0A8;AO 27OBL <5=O A A>1>N, =5 A?@0H820O > ?0A?>@B5.  9 G0A>2 25G5@0 O C65 1K; 2 >B:@KB>< <>@5. !;57K ?>;8;8AL C <5=O 87 3;07 ?@8 <KA;8 > <>59 =5AG0AB=>9 65=5, :>B>@>9 O =5 ?5@5AB020; ;N18BL 8 :>B>@CN A2>8< ;53:><KA;85< 8, A:070BL ?@024C, 15A?CBAB2>< C2;5: 2 ?@>?0ABL! > 45;0BL 1K;> =5G53>, 8 O, A:@5?O A5@4F5, @5H8;AO B25@4> ?5@5=5ABL <>5 =5AG0ABL5.  0A:0O=L5 B5@70;> <5=O, 8 O ?>:;O;AO 8A?@028BLAO.  G8A;5 ?0AA068@>2 =0E>48;AO >48= BC@>:. = 3>2>@8; >G5=L E>@>H> ?>-D@0=FC7A:8 8 ?>-8B0;LO=A:8 8, 284O <>N 704C<G82>ABL, AB0@0;AO @072;5:0BL <5=O @073>2>@0<8. = 1K; ;5B ?OB845AOB8, <=>3> ?CB5H5AB2>20; ?> 2@>?5 8 788, 1K; 2 38?B5 8 ?@8>1@5; 1>;LH85 A2545=8O GB5=85< 8 =01;N45=85<. = ?@87=0;AO <=5, GB> >= 30<1C@3A:89 684, CG8;AO <548F8=5 2 5945=5 8 =0 B@84F0B>< 3>4C >B @>645=8O, ?@81K2 2 >=AB0=B8=>?>;L, @5H8;AO ?@8=OBL <03><5B0=A:CN 25@C, 87 C15645=8O, 0 =5 87 :0:8E-;81> 284>2. 5 8<5O ?@82KG:8 A?>@8BL > @5;8388, O =5 2E>48; 2 @0AA?@>AK ?> A5<C ?@54<5BC; =>, ?@8<5B82, GB> >= =0G8=05B G0I5 702>48BL @073>2>@ > 25@5, 2KE20;OO 8A;0<87<, O >1JO28; 5<C @5H8B5;L=>, GB>1K >= =8:>340 =5 3>2>@8; A> <=>N >1 MB>< ?@54<5B5, 5A;8 65;05B ?>;L7>20BLAO <>5N 15A54>N.  5=530B 8A?>;=8; <>N 2>;N 8 >3@0=8G8;AO B>;L:> ?>E20;>N BC@5F:>3> ?@028B5;LAB20, GB> O A;CH0; B5@?5;82> 4;O B>3> B>;L:>, GB>1 7=0:><8BLAO A ?@020<8 8 >1KG0O<8 BC@>:. >;55 2A53> >= ?@52>7=>A8; G5AB=>ABL ?>:;>==8:>2 03><5B0, 8E B25@4>ABL 2 A;>25 8 CB25@640;, GB> 8A;0<87< 87;5G8; 53> A0<>3> >B 2@>645==KE ?@82KG5: 87@08;LBO=, :>B>@K5, ?> 53> <=5=8N, ?>=K=5 =5 ?5@5AB0;8 ?>:;>=OBLAO 7>;>B><C B5;LFC, ?5@545;0==><C 2 G5@2>=FK. ;020=85 =0H5 1K;> 1;03>?>;CG=>, 8 <K 2A:>@5 ?@81K;8 2 >=AB0=B8=>?>;LA:CN 3020=L. / ?5@55E0; 2 5@C, : >4=><C 8B0;LO=FC, :>B>@K9 A>45@60; @>4 ?>AB>O;>3> 42>@0.  0718@0O <>9 G5<>40=, O GCBL =5 C?0; 2 >1<>@>:, =5 =0H54 2 =5< =8 45=53, =8 4@03>F5==KE 25I59.  >BG0O=L5 O ?>1560; : :>@015;L=><C :0?8B0=C 8 >1JO28; 5<C > ?>:@065. = @CG0;AO 70 A2>9 M:8?06, => =5 >B25G0; 70 ?0AA068@>2. - A;8 1 2K >B40;8 45=L38 8 25I8 =0 A>E@0=5=85 <=5, B>, 25@=>, A 20<8 =5 A;CG8;>AL 1K MB>3> =5AG0ABLO, - A:070; >=. - "5?5@L ?5=O9B5 =0 A51O. / A0< G5;>25: =51>30BK9 8 =5 <>3C 20< ?><>GL <=>38<. > 2>B 45AOBL G5@2>==KE: 2K <=5 >B4048B5, :>340 1C45B5 2 A>AB>O=88. ! 3@CABLN 2 A5@4F5 2>72@0I0;AO O =0 ?>AB>O;K9 42>@ 8 =0 ?CB8 2AB@5B8; 7=0:><>3> <>53>, @5=530B0, :>B>@><C @0AA:070; <>5 =5AG0ABL5. - 03><5B ?>25;5205B ?><>30BL 2 154AB288, =5 B>;L:> 548=>25@F0<, => 8 2A5< 4>1@K< ;N4O<, - A:070; >=. - >G8B0N 20A B0:>2K< 8 ?@54;030N 20< 2 <>5< 4><5 :20@B8@C 8 AB>;, 157 2AO:>3> 2>7=03@0645=8O. ?@>G5<, 5A;8 2K :>340-;81> 1C45B5 2 A>AB>O=88 70?;0B8BL <=5, B>340 O =5 >B:06CAL >B ?;0BK.  B5?5@L >1 MB>< =5 4>;6=> 8 3>2>@8BL. >7L<8B5 A2>8 25I8 87 B@0:B8@0; O 20A ?@>2>6C 2 4>< <>9. / =5 7=0;, :0: 1;03>40@8BL @5=530B0 70 53> 25;8:>4CH=>5 ?@54;>65=85, 8 =5<54;5==> >=K< 2>A?>;L7>20;AO. >@B0 1K;0 B>340 2 2>9=5 A  >AA85N, 8 ?>B><C 2 >=AB0=B8=>?>;5 =5 1K;> =0H53> ?>A;0==8:0. / =8:><C =5 3>2>@8;, GB> O @CAA:89, 8 A:070;AO A;02O=8=>< 87 >:0-48-0B0@>.  :>D59=KE 4><0E 2 5@5 O ?>7=0:><8;AO A =5A:>;L:8<8 87 %@8AB80=A:8E 68B5;59 >=AB0=B8=>?>;O, GB> 4>AB02;O;> <=5 =5:>B>@>5 @0AA5O=85 8 4065 ?@>?8B0=85.  4><5 @5=530B0 O ?>GB8 =5 2840; ;N459; >= @54:> 3>2>@8; A> <=>N, 1K2 15A?@5AB0==> 70=OB :0:8<8-B> 45;0<8. =5 ?@8=>A8;8 :CH0=L5 2 <>N :0<>@:C; => E;51 ?>40O=8O 1K; =5 B>;L:> 3>@L:89, => 8 A;8H:>< ;53:>25A=K9. =5 =0 45=L >B?CA:0;8 AB>;L:> ?8;02C, A:>;L:> =04>1=> 1K;> ?> @0AG5BC <548F8=K, GB>1 O =5 C<5@ A 3>;>4C, 8 5A;8 1 O =5 8<5; ?><>I8 >B 3@5:>2, B>, 25@=> 1K, ?>;CG8; G0E>B:C >B 8AB>I5=8O. 87=L 2 >=AB0=B8=>?>;5 2@O4 ;8 <>65B ?>=@028BLAO G5;>25:C >1@07>20==><C 8 GC2AB28B5;L=><C. 2@>?59FK ?>GB8 =5 8<5NB =5?>A@54AB25==KE A=>H5=89 A BC@:0<8, :>B>@K5, 2 3>@4>AB8 A2>59 8 =52565AB25, ?@578@0NB 2A5E E@8AB80= 8 B>340 B>;L:> C4>AB>820NB 8E ?@8=OB85< 2 A2>5 >1I5AB2>, :>340 ?@54GC2AB2CNB :0:CN-=81C4L 2K3>4C >B A53> 7=0:><AB20.  B><C 6 >1@07 687=8 BC@>: C40;O5B 8E >B 52@>?59F52. 03><5B0=8=, 5A;8 =5 70=OB :0:>N-=81C4L 3>AC40@AB25==>N A;C61>9, B> ?@>2>48B 1>;LHCN G0ABL 687=8 2 A2>5< 30@5<5 8 =5 7=05B 4@C3>3> =0A;0645=8O, :0: :C@8BL B@C1:C 8 ?8BL :>D5 2 :>D59=>< 4><5, A<>B@O =0 :>=5F A2>53> =>A0 8 A;CH0O 274>@K B@0:B8@=KE 1>;BC=>2 8;8 @0AA:07G8:>2, A>AB02;ONI8E >A>1K9 :;0AA. "C@:8 25AL<0 A:C?K =0 A;>20 8 B>340 B>;L:> <=>3>@5G82K, :>340 1@0=OB D@0=:>2, B> 5ABL 52@>?59F52 8 2A5E 38OC@>2, >A>15==> @052, 8;8 E@8AB80=A:8E ?>440==KE >@BK. =>340 8 A0< AC;B0= ?>425@305BAO 1@0=8 <CAC;L<0=, >A>15==> 5A;8 >= ?@54?@8=8<05B :0:85-;81> =>2>22545=8O, :>B>@K5 2A5340 ?>G8B0NBAO =0@CH5=85< 8A;0<0.  :>D59=KE 4><0E, ?>4 2>@>B0<8 A5@0;O B0:65 A<5;> 1@0=OB AC;B0=0, <>3CI53> ?> ?@>872>;C @C18BL 3>;>2K :><C 701;03>@0AAC48BAO, :0: C =0A 2 2@>?5, 2 B0: =07K205<KE >??>78F8>==KE 6C@=0;0E 1@0=OB <8=8AB@>2. ?@>G5<, 548=>>1@07=0O 687=L BC@>: 8 8E =52565AB2> =5 <>65B 4>AB028BL 52@>?59FC C4>2>;LAB28O 2 8E >1I5AB25, 8 5A;8 8=>340 ?CB5H5AB25==8:8 8ICB 7=0:><AB20 A BC@:0<8, B> MB> 87 >4=>3> B>;L:> ;N1>?KBAB20, 4;O =0?>;=5=8O A2>8E ?CB52KE 70?8A>: ?>;C;>6=K<8 8725AB8O<8. A5 45;0 2 >=AB0=B8=>?>;5, ?>;8B8G5A:85 8 B>@3>2K5, 8A?@02;ONB ?5@>BK, 8;8 68B5;8 ?@54<5ABLO, =07K205<>3> 5@0, A>AB02;ONI53> =5 B>;L:> >B45;L=K9 3>@>4, => 8 >B45;L=>5 F0@AB2>, >B45;L=K9 =0@>4! 45AL 682CB ?>B><:8 52@>?59F52: 8B0;LO=F52 (1>;LH5N G0ABLN 25=5F80=), 8;8@89F52 8 4@C38E N6=KE A;02O=, 0@<O=, :0B>;8:>2, <0;>3> G8A;0 D@0=FC7>2 8 5I5 <5=LH53> 0=3;8G0= 8 =5<F52. 5@>BK <>3CB 3>@48BLAO B5<, GB> ?@54:8 8E 1K;8 @02=>3> 4>AB>8=AB20 A ?5@2K<8 >A=>20B5;O<8  8<0, 2> 2@5<O  ><C;0, A B>N @07=8F5N, GB> ?5@2K5 >A=>20B5;8  8<0 A=8A:820;8 ?@>?8B0=85 A8;>N >@C68O 8 O2=> 3@018;8 =0 1>;LH8E 4>@>30E, 0 ?@54:8 ?5@AB>2 45;0;8 B> 65 C:@04:>N. 5@>BK 8<5NB 8 B> ?@58<CI5AB2> ?@54 @8<;O=0<8, GB> >=8 =5 ?5@5<5=8;8 >1KG052 A2>8E ?@54:>2. 5A?5G=>ABL BC@5F:>9 ?>;8F88 2 >B=>H5=88 : 52@>?59F0< ?@82;5:;0 2 >=AB0=B8=>?>;L @KF0@59 ?@><KH;5==>AB8 8 10=:@CB>2 2A5E =0F89, :>B>@K5 AB0;8 A5;8BLAO 2 5@5, ?>4 70I8B>N 7=0<5=8 03><5B>20. /7K: ?5@>B>2 5ABL 8B0;LO=A:89, 2A5E =0@5G89 B0;88, A ?@8<5ALN BC@5F:8E, 3@5G5A:8E 8 A;02O=A:8E A;>2, A >A>15==K< ?@>87=>H5=85<. 52565AB2> 8E 2> 2A5<, GB> :0A05BAO 4> =0C: 8 EC4>65AB2, @02=O5BAO BC@5F:><C, => E8B@>ABL 70<5=O5B 2A5 :0G5AB20, 0 ?>7=0=85 <=>38E O7K:>2 A>AB02;O5B 2AN 8E <C4@>ABL. 5B8, 5420 =0G8=0O ;5?5B0BL, C65 ?@8CG0NBAO 3>2>@8BL ?>-BC@5F:8, ?>-3@5G5A:8, ?>-D@0=FC7A:8 8 ?>-8B0;LO=A:8. -B> O7K:>7=0=85 2545B ?5@>B>2 : 1>30BAB2C 8 ?>G5ABO<, ?@54020O 2 8E @C:8 2A5 48?;><0B8G5A:85 45;0 >@BK, 81> 87 =8E 8718@0NBAO 4@03><0=K, 8;8 B>;<0G8, ?@8 52@>?59A:8E <8AA8OE. >6=> ;53:> 4>3040BLAO, A :0:>N 25@=>ABLN A;C60B >=8 52@>?59F0<, :>340 C4>AB>25@OBAO, GB> ?5@>B =8G53> 2 <8@5 =5 7=05B ?@52>AE>4=55 A2>59 3@O7=>9 5@K, =8G53> 25;8G5AB25==55 BC@:0, =8G53> <C4@55 8 <>3CI5AB25==55 AC;B0=0 8 =8G53> EC65 2A5E =0@>4>2 8 2A5E ;N459, :>B>@K5 =5 8A?>254K20NB @8<A:>-:0B>;8G5A:>9 25@K 8;8 =5 8<5NB G5AB8 1KBL <CAC;L<0=0<8. '5AB>;N185 ?5@>B0 =5 ?@>AB8@05BAO; 40;55 <5AB0 4@03><0=0, 0 548=AB25==0O F5;L 687=8 - =0:>?;5=85 45=53. =8 B0:65 ?@8=8<0NB =0 A51O 720=85 52@>?59A:8E B>@3>2KE :>=AC;>2 8 <0:;5@>2, 0 @071>30B52H85, A 3@5E>< ?>?>;0<, 45;0NBAO 10=:8@0<8. 5@>BK =5=0284OB 3@5:>2 8 2@54OB 8<, 345 B>;L:> <>3CB, >?0A0OAL 2;8O=8O 8E =0 45;0 >1I5AB25==K5. 0 B> 8 3@5:8 ?;0BOB 8< B5< 65. @5:8 >BB>3> B>;L:> =5 ;N1OB @8<A:8E :0B>;8:>2, GB> 8E 25@0 5ABL 25@0 ?5@>B>2. 564C 3@5:0<8 =0720BL :>3> ?5@>B>< 7=0G8B B> 65, GB> C =0A =0720BL 2 C:>@87=C 857C8B><. 2@>?59A:85 ?CB5H5AB25==8:8 8 G8=>2=8:8 @07=KE ?>A>;LAB2 1>;55 2A53> >1@0I0NBAO A ?5@AB0<8, ?>B><C, GB> >1@07 8E 687=8 1>;55 ?>E>6 =0 52@>?59A:89 8 GB> A =8<8 <>6=> A>>1I0BLAO 157 ?>7=0=8O 2>AB>G=KE O7K:>2. 5=I8=K 83@0NB 3;02=CN @>;L 2 >1I5AB25 ?5@>B>2. A5 8E C?@06=5=85 A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB>1 ;5B>< A845BL F5;K9 45=L =0 A>D5, 0 78<>N ?@8 B0=4C@5. -B>B B0=4C@ 5ABL @>4 G5B25@>C3>;L=>3> =87:>3> AB>;0, ?>:@KB>3> 20B>20==K< >45O;><, 0 A25@EC 75;5=K< AC:=><. >4 AB>;>< =0E>48BAO 60@>2=O A @0A:0;5==K<8 C3>;LO<8, :>B>@0O A>>1I05B B5?;>BC G5AB=>9 :><?0=88, ?><5I0NI59AO =0 <0;KE A>D0E 2>:@C3 B0=4C@0, A?@OB02 =>38 ?>4 AB>; 8 ?>:@K2H8AL 4> ?>;>28=K B5;0 >45O;><. 5G59 8 :0<8=>2, :0: B515 <>65B 1KBL 8725AB=>, =5B 2 >=AB0=B8=>?>;5. @8 A8E B0=4C@0E 83@0NB 2 :0@BK, @0AA:07K20NB A?;5B=8, 2>AE20;ONB AC;B0=0, :>340 >= @C18B 3>;>2K 8 15@5B 2 :07=C 8<5=85 A2>8E ?>440==KE, =5 8<5NI8E G5AB8 1KBL ?5@AB0<8, 8 702>4OB ;N1>2=K5 8=B@838, ?5@54020O ?>4 >45O;0<8 70?8A>G:8. 5@>BA:85 65=I8=K 7=0<5=8BK A2>5N A:;>==>ABLN : ;N1>2=K< ?>E>645=8O< 8 ?> 1>;LH59 G0AB8 ?><>30NB A2>8< <C6LO<, 1@0BLO< 8 >BF0< : 2>72KH5=8N, : >1>30I5=8N 8 >B:@KB8N ?>;8B8G5A:8E B08=AB2. > =54>AB0B:C >1@07>20==>3> 52@>?59A:>3> >1I5AB20, ?>A;K 8=>AB@0==K5 ?@83;0H0NB ?5@>B>: =0 A2>8 10;K, 4;O B0=F52, 8 >=8-B> A>AB02;ONB :>=AB0=B8=>?>;LA:89 1>;LH>9 A25B, A<>B@O ?> 4>AB0B:C 8 A2O7O<. 5=O 225; >48= 3@5: 2 >1I5AB2> ?5@>B>2, => :0: O =5 8<5; 45=53 8 =5 E>B5; 1>;55 8A?KBK20BL AG0ABLO 2 ;N128, B> 1K; ?@8=8<05< ACE>; <=5 A0<><C =5 25AL<0 =@028;>AL 2 A8E 15A540E, 345 O =5 =0E>48; ?8I8 =8 4;O C<0, =8 4;O A5@4F0. 564C 3@5:0<8 O =0H5; 1>;55 8A:@5==>AB8, 1>;55 C<0 8 1>;55 >1E>48B5;L=>AB8, =565;8 <564C ?5@AB0<8. @5G0=:8 ?>GB8 2A5 :@0A028FK, :>340, =0?@>B82 B>3>, <564C ?5@>B:0<8 :@0A>B0 5ABL @54:>ABL. 5=K 8 4>G5@8 3@5G5A:8E 1>O@, 8;8 ?>B><:>2 4@52=8E 3@5G5A:8E D0<8;89, >B;8G0NBAO C<>< 8 ;N157=>ABLN; => >=8 =5 ?>O2;ONBAO 2 52@>?59A:8E >1I5AB20E, ?>B><C GB> ?5@>B:8 AB0@0NBAO C40;OBL 8E 2A5<8 A@54AB20<8. @<O=5 70=8<0NBAO B>;L:> B>@3>2;5N, ?@><5=>< 8 ?5@52>4>< 45=53, 2>4OBAO <564C A>1>N 8 682CB ?> A2>5<C >1KG0N. 84K, :0: ?>2AN4C, 25B>H=8:8, 1@04>1@58, <5;:85 ?@>402FK, @0AAK;LI8:8 8 ?;CBK, 8A:;NG0O =5A:>;L:8E 1>30BKE N25;8@>2, :>B>@K5 >B;8G0NBAO B5<, GB> >1<0=K20NB en grand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oncordia res parval crescunt, A8@5GL: A>3;0A85< 25I8 45@60BAO. -B> >7=0G05B, GB> 5A;8 3>A?>40 AC4L8 E>BOB 8<5BL G5@2>=G8:8, B> 4>;6=K 68BL <8@=>, A>3;0A=>, @5H0BL 45;0 548=>4CH=> 8 A;CH0BL A5:@5B0@O. 54L :020;5@-B>, 87>1@065==K9 =0 G5@2>=F5, 5ABL =5 :B> 8=>9, :0: A5:@5B0@L, 0 ?C: AB@5; 2 @C:5 53> >7=0G05B B>, GB> >= 4>;65= 2A5E AC459 8 2A5 45;0 45@60BL 2 @C:0E! - @02>, ;8<KG, 1@02>! - 2>A:;8:=C;8 ?@8:07=K5 2 2>AB>@35. - 5@60BL 2 @C:0E, - ?@8<>;28; A5:@5B0@L, - 40 5I5 8 2 56>2KE @C:028F0E! 564C B5< 2=5A;8 :>@78=:C A H0<?0=A:8<, 8 =0G0;8AL B>ABK. K?82 70 74>@>2L5 E>7O9:8, E>7O8=0 8, =0:>=5F, :064>3> 3>ABO 8 >B45;L=> 65=K 53>, G04 8 4><>G04F52, ?@8=O;8AL 70 ?8BL5, :0: 70 @01>BC, :0: 70 >G8I5=85 1CBK;>: ?> ?>4@O4C. >340 :>@78=K :>=G8;8, B>340 2AB0;8 87-70 AB>;0 8 :>5-:0: ?>1@5;8 2 3>AB8=CN. / =5 C?><8=0; 4> A8E ?>@ > A>A545 <>5<, :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:5. = =5 ?@8=8<0; =8:0:>3> CG0AB8O =8 2 ?8BL5, =8 2 @073>2>@0E ?>GB5==>9 :><?0=88 8 <>;G0; 2 ?@>4>;65=85 >1540. >AB8 B0:65 =5 >1@0I0;8AL : =5<C A @5G0<8, ?>B><C GB>, 7=0O =@02 53>, >?0A0;8AL, GB>1 >= =5 A:070; 8< 2 3;070 :0:>9-=81C4L 65AB>:>9 ?@024K, >1K:=>25==> =07K205<>9 3@C1>ABLN. >A;5 >1540 :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8: ?@83;0A8; <5=O 8 8;>2848=0 2 A048:, ?@8;560I89 : AB>;>2>9 70;5, 345, <564C @0AA5O==K<8 2 15A?>@O4:5 D@C:B>2K<8 45@52LO<8, ?@>87@0AB0;8 ?>4A>;=5G=8:8, <0: 8 ?82>=88. K A5;8 =0 45@=>2>9 A:0<L5, 8 :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8: A:070;: - / A C4>2>;LAB285< 70<5B8;, GB> 2K =5 ;N18B5 >ACH0BL AB5:;>, ?> ?@8<5@C ;N157=KE <>8E A>A;C682F52. K <>65B5 AC48BL > <>5< 3>@5AB=>< ?>;>65=88, - ?@8<>;28; >=, >1@0I0OAL : 8;>2848=C, - 284O, A :0:8<8 ;N4L<8 4>;65= ?@>2>48BL 687=L AB0@K9 A;C682K9. > =C640 4>;18B :0<5=L. -B8 ?@8:07=K5 ?8O28FK 402=> 1K 704CH8;8 <5=O, 5A;8 1, ?> AG0ABLN 8;8 ?> =5AG0ABLN, O =5 ?>@>4=8;AO 1@0:>< A5AB@K <>59 A >4=8< 87 8E H09:8 8 =5 1K; 2 <8;>AB8 C 3C15@=0B>@0, ?@56=53> <>53> 35=5@0;0. @>B82C B5G5=8O <C4@5=> ?;KBL. >2>;L=> 8 B>3>, GB> O CA?5; >3@048BL A2>N G0ABL C?@02;5=8O >B 8E 2;8O=8O. 2>@O=AB2> <5=O 2K1@0;> 8 ?>;>68;> <=5 A>45@60=85, 5420 4>AB0B>G=>5 4;O ?@>68BLO. >6828B5 745AL, CA;KH8B5 1>;55 > (BK:>25, 0 <564C B5< ?@>HC 20A =5 70:;NG0BL ?> 2845==><C 8 A;KH0==><C > F5;>< C5745. 45AL 5ABL G5AB=K5 8 1;03>@>4=K5 ;N48 <564C ?><5I8:0<8 8 2K1@0==K<8 >B 42>@O=AB20 G8=>2=8:0<8; => :0:, ?> =5AG0AB8N, =0H8 42>@O=5 =5 CG0BAO @CAA:><C 70:>=>2545=8N 8 =5<=>385 87 =8E ?@82K:;8 : ?8AL<5==>9 @01>B5, 0 B5, :>B>@K5 A;C68;8 2 3@0640=A:>9 A;C615, C:;>=ONBAO >B 2K1>@>2, C40;OOAL 2 45@52=N =0 ?>:>9: B> A0<> ?> A515 @07C<55BAO, GB> 45;0<8 2>@>G0NB ?@8:07=K5. -B> >A>10O ?>@>40 =0 A2OB>9  CA8, :>B>@0O 6828BAO, :0: <>;L, C:07=>N ?K;LN. !>25BCN 20< 84B8 4><>9, GB>1 =5 1KBL A2845B5;O<8 5I5 1>;LH53> A>1;07=0. >65B A;CG8BLAO, GB> 3>A?>40 1;NAB8B5;8 ?@02>AC48O 2F5?OBAO 4@C3 4@C3C 2 2>;>AK, :>340 4>945B 45;> 4> >1JOA=5=89. A?@02=8: 2AB0;, 8 <K ?>A;54>20;8 53> A>25BC. 564C B5< 2 A04 2>H;8 <=>385 87 3>AB59, 45@60AL 70 @C:8 8 =0?520O ?5A=8. >H54 2 :><=0BK, GB>1 >BKA:0BL =0H8 DC@06:8, <K C2845;8, GB> C65 =0 >4=>< AB>;8:5 83@0;8 2 10=:, 0 =0 4@C3>< 2 3>@:C 8 ?CG:8 0AA83=0F89 =0G0;8 ?5@5E>48BL 87 @C: 2 @C:8. @8H54 4><>9, <K ?>?@>A8;8 : A515 E>7O8=0, GB>1 >= >1JOA=8; =0< =5:>B>@K5 =5?>=OB=K5 4;O =0A 25I8: -  0AB>;:C9B5, ?>60;C9B5, - A:070; O, - GB> 70 AB@0==K9 G5;>25: 20H 8A?@02=8:? - = A;K25B C =0A GC40:><, - >B25G0; E>7O8=. -  A0<>< 45;5, 8E09;> 20=>28G (BK:>2 =5 ?>E>6 =0 A2>8E B>20@8I59, >BB>3> 8 :065BAO 2A5< AB@0==K<. = ?@>8AE>48B 87 <5;:>?><5AB=KE 42>@O= 745H=53> C5740.  2>5==CN A;C61C 2ABC?8; >= A <>;>4KE ;5B 8 ?> A<5@B8 A2>8E @>48B5;59 >B40; G0ABL A2>53> =0A;54AB20 A8@>B0<, 45BO< ?>:>9=>9 A2>59 A5AB@K, 1K2H59 70<C65< 70 >4=8< G5AB=K<, => 154=K< G8=>2=8:><. @C3CN A5AB@C 53> 2K 7=05B5. >A;C682H8AL 4> <09>@>2A:>3> G8=0 8 2KH54 70 @0=0<8 2 >BAB02:C, >= 68; 745AL C <5=O 2 4><5, =51>;LH8< A2>8< ?5=A8>=><, ?>:0 42>@O=5 =5 ?@54;>68;8 5<C <5AB0 8A?@02=8:0. 8E08;5 20=>28G >1JO28; @5H8B5;L=>, GB> >= 27OB>: 1@0BL =5 C<55B 8 =5 E>G5B MB><C CG8BLAO, 0 ?>B><C =5 <>65B 8 =5 65;05B ?@8=OBL <5AB0, A :>B>@K< A>?@O65=K 87;8H=85 @0AE>4K. 2>@O=AB2> C?@>A8;> 53> =0:>=5F ?@8=OBL <5AB> 8 ?>;>68;> 4020BL 5<C 8725AB=CN AC<<C =0 :0=F5;O@8N 8 =0 @07J574K, A 254><0 =0G0;LAB20. >B C65 45AOBL ;5B, :0: >= 8A?@02=8:>< 8 2A5 G5AB=K5 ;N48 53> 1;03>A;>2;ONB. A5 75<A:85 ?>28==>AB8, ?>G8=:0 4>@>3, ?>42>4K, ?>AB>8 @0A?@545;ONBAO C =0A A 25;8G09H5N B>G=>ABLN, ?> >G5@548 8 ?> G8A;C 4CH. 78<0=85 ?>40B59 8 =54>8<>: ?@>872>48BAO 157 2AO:>3> ?>A;01;5=8O, => A 25;8G09H8< A=8AE>645=85< : 154=K<. 53;K5 8 ?@074=>H0B0NI85AO =5 A<5NB ?>O28BLAO 2 =0H5< C5745; ?>A5;O=5, 7=0O, GB> ?>8<:>N 8E <>3CB C3>48BL 4>1@><C A2>5<C 8A?@02=8:C, :>B>@>3> >=8 =07K20NB >BF><, 2>2A5 >B@5:;8AL >B ?@8AB0=>45@60B5;LAB20 8 B>BG0A ?@54AB02;ONB 153;KE 2 AC4. !;54AB28O ?@>872>4OBAO 157 C3@>7 8 ?>1>52, => A =5C<KB=>N A?@0254;82>ABLN. 0 O@<0@:0E 8E08;5 20=>28G =5 15@5B A :C?F>2 45=53 70 ?>72>;5=85 B>@3>20BL :>=B@010=4>N 8;8 >1<0=K20BL =5A254CI8E 4C@=K<8 B>20@0<8, => =01;N405B 70 ?>@O4:><, 70 25A><, <5@>N 8 :0G5AB2>< B>20@>2. @8 @5:@CBA:8E =01>@0E AB0@>ABK 8 2K1>@=K5 2 :075==KE 2>;>ABOE =5 A<5NB >B4020BL 2 A>;40BK =5 2 >G5@54L 8 ;8H0BL ?>A;54=59 ?>4?>@K 15770I8B=KE @>48B5;59. #?@028B5;8 G0AB=KE 8<5=89, :>B>@KE E>7O520 682CB 2 AB>;8F0E, =5 <>3CB C3=5B0BL :@5ABLO= 8 >1<0=K20BL A2>8E 3>A?>4. 065 ?>@>G=K5 8;8 7;K5 3>A?>40, :>B>@K5, A;020 >3C, 25AL<0 @54:8, =5 <>3CB >1@0I0BLAO ?@>B82C70:>==> A A2>8<8 :@5? ?>AB=K<8 ;N4L<8. 4=8< A;>2><, 8E08;5 20=>28G 45==> 8 =>G=> ?5G5BAO >1 8A:>@5=5=88 7;>C?>B@51;5=89, 2>42>@5=88 8AB8=K 8 8A?>;=5=88 70:>=>2. @0240, >= 3@C1 2 >1E>645=88, =5 ;N18B B5@OBL =0?@0A=> A;>2, =5 C<55B A<O3G0BL 3>@L:>9 8AB8=K A;04:8<8 @5G0<8 8 8A?>;=OBL A2>9 4>;3 A :><?;8<5=B0<8. = AB@>3 A ?>@>G=K<8, =5C<>;8< A 7;K<8 8 A=8AE>48B5;5= : >4=8< A;01>ABO<, => =0 45;5, 0 =5 =0 A;>20E. = 1K 402=> ?>381 >B :>7=59 ?@8:07=KE 8 70<KA;>2 7;>C?>B@518B5;5= 2;0AB8, 5A;8 1 53> =5 ?>445@6820; =0H 3C15@=0B>@, G5;>25: G5AB=K9 8 1;03>=0<5@5==K9, B0:65 87 2>5==KE, :>B>@K9 7=0; 53> 5I5 2 ?>;:C. A5 G5AB=K5 ;N48 ;N1OB 8 C2060NB 8E08;0 20=>28G0, 7;K5 =5=0284OB 53> 8 1>OBAO :0: GC<K. ?@>G5<, >= =5 2<5H8205BAO 2 GC685 45;0 8 B@51C5B B>;L:>, GB>1 4@C385 =5 <5H0;8AL 2 53> C?@02;5=85. >B :0:>2 =0H GC40:! = ?>ABC?8; A 20<8 =5A:>;L:> AB@>3>, => ?>ABC?8; 70:>==> 8 E>BO >1>H5;AO 3@C1>, >4=0:> 6 8 =5 >1845; 20A, 8 =5 ;8H8B 20A A>1AB25==>AB8, :0: =0H8 256;82K5 <KB0@8. - !>3;0A5=, - ?@8<>;28; 8;>2848=, - GB> 3>@L:>5 ;5:0@AB2> ;CGH5, =565;8 A;04:0O >B@020.  XIX / ! #  #!! #&. !+ '. ' / %>7O8= ?>720; =0A : A515 >B:CH0BL G0N. K 70AB0;8 C =53> ?@8E>4A:>3> A2OI5==8:0 8 >4=>3> ?>@O4>G=> >45B>3> G5;>25:0 A@54=8E ;5B, ?@8OB=>9 =0@C6=>AB8, :>B>@>3> >1@0I5=85 8 ?@85<K ?>:07K20;8, GB> >= ?@82K: 68BL 2 E>@>H5< >1I5AB25. %>7O8= ?>7=0:><8; =0A, =07202 A2>53> 3>ABO 5B@>< 5B@>28G5< 8@BCB8=K<. K A5;8 2>:@C3 4C1>2>3> AB>;0 8, ?>?820O G09, AB0;8 @0AAC640BL > ?@54<5B0E, :>B>@K5 ?>:070;8AL <=5 G@572KG09=> 206=K<8 ?>B><C, GB> O 2 ?5@2K9 @07 A;KH0; @073>2>@K > 45;0E >1I5AB25==KE. - 5 :070;>AL ;8 1K 20< AB@0==K<, 4065 =5?>AB868<K<, 3>A?>40! - A:070; :C?5F. - A;8 1 2> 2A5E D@0=FC7A:8E ?>@B0E >4=8 =5<FK 8 3>;;0=4FK, 0 2 0=3;89A:8E ?>@B0E 8A?0=FK 8 8B0;LO=FK ?@>872>48;8 2=5H=NN B>@3>2;N 8 GB>1 D@0=FC7K 8 0=3;8G0=5, :0: 25@1;N4K, B>;L:> ?5@5B0A:820;8 =0 A2>8E A?8=0E B>20@K 87 2=CB@5==>AB8 3>AC40@AB20 : <>@A:><C 15@53C, 4;O B>3> B>;L:>, GB>1 GC6575<FK ?>;L7>20;8AL =58<>25@=K<8 2K3>40<8, 157 B@C40, 157 701>B, 157 >B25BAB25==>AB8, ?>B><C 548=AB25==>, GB> =0 425@OE 8E 68;8I ?@818B0 <54=0O 4>I5G:0 A =04?8ALN: _>=B>@0_? - / 1K A:070; @5H8B5;L=>, - >B25G0; 5B@ 5B@>28G, - GB> 5A;8 BC75<FK @01>B0NB :0: 1K:8, ?>72>;OO 87 A51O 2K@57K20BL 18DHB5:A 8=>75<F0<, B> 5ABL 5A;8 BC75<FK B@C4OBAO 4;O >1>30I5=8O ?@8H;5F>2, B>@3CNI8E 8E B@C40<8, B>, 25@=>, MB8 :>@5==K5 68B5;8 =5 8<5NB =8 4>2>;L=> C<0, =8 4>2>;L=> 45=53, 8 4065 =8 4>2>;L=> G5AB=>AB8, GB>1 A0<8< 1KBL :C?F0<8. - -B> A;8H:>< AB@>3>, - >B25G0; A2OI5==8:. - / 1K A:070;, GB>, 25@=>, :0:0O-=81C4L 4@C30O 3>A?>4AB2CNI0O AB@0ABL >B2;5:05B BC75<F52 >B 2=5H=59 B>@3>2;8, ?@54>AB02;OO 2A5 2K3>4K 2AB@5G=><C 8 ?>?5@5G=><C. - K >10 8<5;8 1K ?@020 B0: 4C<0BL, - A:070; :C?5F, - =>, : AG0ABLN, 2K ?@02K, 10BNH:0. @82545< 45;> 2 OA=>ABL. / 3>2>@N > =0H5< ;N157=>< >B5G5AB25. 5 AB@0==> ;8, =5 C=878B5;L=> ;8 4;O =0@>4=>3> A0<>;N18O, GB> 2  >AA88 2AO ?>GB8 2=5H=OO B>@3>2;O ?@>872>48BAO ?>A@54AB2>< 8=>AB@0==KE :>=B>@ 8 D0:B>@89, =0E>4OI8EAO 2> 2A5E @CAA:8E ?>@B0E 8 4065 2 AB>;8F0E, :0: 1C4B> 1K  >AA8O 1K;0 8B05< 8;8 /?>=85N? 'C6575<=K5 :C?FK 8 D01@8:0=BK 8<5NB 45;> B>;L:> A MB8<8 :>=B>@0<8, 0 <K, @CAA:85, 4>;6=K A<>B@5BL 2 3;070 33. :>=B>@I8:0<, 4>AB02;OBL 8<, G53> >=8 ?>B@51CNB 4;O >BAK;:8 70 3@0=8FC, 8 ?>:C?0BL C =8E GC6575<=K5 ?@>872545=8O ?> F5=0<, :0:85 8< C3>4=> =07=0G0BL 2 >1I5< 8E A>25B5. -B8 33. 8=>75<=K5 :>=B>@I8:8, :>B>@KE <K 25;8G05< =53>F80=B0<8, =5 2KH5 ?>G8B0NB @CAA:8E :C?F>2, :0: A2>8E 0@B5;LI8:>2 8;8 18@652KE 4@O38;59, 8 :0: 1C4B> @048 %@8AB0 45;OBAO A =0<8 A>B>N G0ABLN A2>8E 10@KH59. !:068B5, 3>A?>40, =5C65;8 MB>B ?>@O4>: 45; 1C45B 25G=> ?@>4>;60BLAO 8 =5C65;8 2 >B=>H5=88 : B>@3>2;5 <K 1C45< 2A5340 =0 B>9 A0<>9 AB5?5=8, :0: 2> 2@5<5=0 >B:@KB8O @E0=35;LA:>3> ?>@B0  8G0@4>< '5=A5;>@><, ?@8 F0@5 >0==5 0A8;L528G5? 065BAO, C =0A 5ABL 2A5 A@54AB20, GB>1 A>AB028BL ?>GB5==>5 :C?5G5A:>5 A>A;>285. #<C, ?@>=8F0B5;L=>AB8 8 A<5B;82>AB8 =0H53> =0@>40 >B40NB A?@0254;82>ABL A0<8 8=>AB@0=FK. '5ABL =0H0 2 B>@3>2;5, ?@02>, =5 =865 4>1@>45B5;59 33. 8=>75<=KE :>=B>@I8:>2, 0 2 :0?8B0;0E <K 2A5340 1C45< 8<5BL ?@58<CI5AB2>, 8<5O 2 A2>8E @C:0E AK@K5 ?@>872545=8O =0H59 75<;8 8 @CAA:89 B>20@. 0?@>B82 B>3>, C :>=B>@I8:>2, ?@8 =0G0B88 8E 45;, 2A5 1>30BAB2> A>AB02;O5B <54=0O 4>I5G:0 A =04?8ALN: _>=B>@0_, 8 =5A:>;L:> @5:><5=40B5;L=KE 10=:8@A:8E ?8A5<. - 5A:>;L:> @5:><5=40B5;L=KE 10=:8@A:8E ?8A5<! >B 2 MB><-B> 8 2AO A8;0, - 2>A:;8:=C; 5B@ 5B@>28G. - !:068, ;N157=K9 !84>@ @<>;0528G, :><C 1K BK 1>;55 ?>25@8;: AB0@>68;C ;8 745H=5<C, :>B>@>3> BK 7=05HL 402=> A E>@>H59 AB>@>=K, 8;8 ?@85765<C B>@3>2FC, :>B>@>3> BK 2>2A5 =5 7=05HL? -  07C<55BAO, O A:>@55 1K ?>25@8; AB0@>68;C, - >B25G0; :C?5F. - > ?>72>;LB5, 5B@ 5B@>28G, 5A;8 MB> A@02=5=85 :;>=8BAO : =0H59 @5G8, B>, :065BAO <=5, GB> @CAA:8E :C?F>2 A:>@55 <>6=> A@02=820BL A AB0@>68;0<8, - "0: 1K A;54>20;>, => =5 B0: 2 A0<>< 45;5, - 2>7@078; 5B@ 5B@>28G. - "K, !84>@ @<>;0528G, ;5B ?OBL45AOB :0: B>@3C5HL 8 7=05HL 2A5E ;CGH8E :C?F>2 2 >A:25 8 5B5@1C@35. 0AG8B09 65 <=5, ?>60;C9AB0, ?>;4N68=K @CAA:8E D0<8;89, :>B>@K5 8725AB=K 2 B>@3>2;5 >B ?@04540? - @87=0NAL, O =5 7=0N =8 >4=>9, - >B25G0; !84>@ @<>;0528G. - # =0A, :0: A:>@> :C?5F @071>30B55B, B> 8;8 >10=:@CB8BAO >BB>3>, GB> ?5@5AB05B 2>48BLAO A A2>5N 1@0BL59, ?@5=51@5305B 45;0<8, 6825B =0 10@A:CN AB0BL 8 >B405B 4>G5: 70 3>;5=L:8E :=O759 8 3@0D>2, 8;8 A?8205BAO A :@C3C, >B G20=AB20 8 @04>AB8, >AB02;OO 8<5=L5 =0 @0AE8I5=85 ?;CB0< ?@8:07G8:0< 8 <>B0< 45B:0<, :>B>@K5 C65 ABK4OBAO 1KBL :C?F0<8 8 ;57CB 2 G8=K; 8;8, =0:>=5F, A0< 4>18205BAO 4> ;8G=>3> 42>@O=AB20 @07=K<8 ?@>A5;>G=K<8 ?CBO<8, ?>4 2K25A:>N CA5@48O 8 ?>65@B2>20=89! @0240, C =0A =5B AB0@KE :C?5G5A:8E 4><>2 8 5420 ;8 5ABL >48= 7=0<5=8BK9 B>@3>2K9 @CAA:89 4>< 2  >AA88, :>B>@K9 =0G8=05B A2>N @>4>A;>2=CN 40;55 F0@AB2>20=8O 8<?5@0B@8FK :0B5@8=K II. - ">@3>2;O ?>445@68205BAO :@548B><, 0 :@548B 8725AB=>ABLN 8 4@52=>ABLN @>40, - A:070; 5B@ 5B@>28G. -  =3;88, 2> $@0=F88, 2 =5<5F:8E 30=750B8G5A:8E 3>@>40E, 2 >;;0=488, 2 (25F88, 2 0=88 2K =0945B5 :C?5G5A:85 4><K, :>B>@KE D8@<0 8725AB=0 2 B5G5=85 F5;KE AB>;5B89 8 2>71C6405B 1>;55 4>25@5==>AB8, G5< 35@1K :=O65A:85.  C =0A :C?FK - ?5@5;5B=K5 ?B8FK 2 :><<5@F88. 0H :C?5F ?>:065BAO =0 AF5=C, @0768@55B, ?CAB8BAO 2 3>@C, 0 ?>B>< ?0405B 8;8 @073C;8205B, =0?C4@82H8AL 35@0;L48G5A:>N ?K;LN. - @0240, A>25@H5==0O ?@0240! - ?@8<>;28; :C?5F, ?>3;06820O 1>@>4C. - 0<5GC 5I5 >4=> >1AB>OB5;LAB2>, - A:070; 5B@ 5B@>28G. - # =0A =5<=>385 @CAA:85 1>30B5NB >B 18@652>9 B>@3>2;8, 0 ?> 1>;LH59 G0AB8 >B ?>4@O4>2 2 :07=C. >4@O4G8:8 65 8 >B:C?I8:8, ?> <>5<C <=5=8N, =5 <>3CB =07K20BLAO :C?F0<8, 8;8, :0: 3>2>@8BAO, =53>F80=B0<8. 1> B>B B>;L:> ?@8=>A8B ACI5AB25==CN ?>;L7C >B5G5AB25==>9 B>@3>2;5, :B> 8<55B 45;0 70 3@0=8F5N 8 A?>A?5H5AB2C5B A1KBC =0H8E ?@>872545=89 2 GC68E :@0OE. B0:, 8=>75<=K5 1>30BK5 :C?5G5A:85 4><K 8 D01@8:0=BK, ?>=52>;5, 4>;6=K ?@>872>48BL A2>8 45;0 2  >AA88 ?>A@54AB2>< :>=B>@I8:>2, @5:><5=4>20==KE 8< AB0@K<8 :C?5G5A:8<8 ?>GB5==K<8 D0<8;8O<8, C :>B>@KE MB8 :>=B>@I8:8 ?@5645 1K;8 ?@8:07G8:0<8. 0: 702>48BL 1>;LH85 >1>@>BK A @CAA:8<8 :C?F0<8, :>340 >=8 ?>O2;ONBAO =58725AB=> >B:C40 8 8AG570NB =58725AB=> :0: 8 :C40 A ?>?@8I0 :><<5@F88? -  B> ?@0240! - A:070; A2OI5==8:. - 4=0:> 6 =5 >128=O9B5 A;8H:>< :C?F>2. ABL 25AL<0 <=>3> >1AB>OB5;LAB2, :>B>@K5 70AB02;ONB 8E 2KE>48BL 87 A2>53> 720=8O ?@8 ?5@2>< C4>1=>< A;CG05. >-?5@2KE... 4@C3 ?>4=O;AO HC< 2 A5=OE. %>7O8= E>B5; ?>A?5H8BL BC40, => 5420 >= 2A:>G8; A> ABC;0, :0: 425@L >B2>@8;0AL A B@5A:>< 8 2 :><=0BC 21560;0 A ;05< C60A=0O <545;O=A:0O A>10:0. >B>< O28;AO :0:>9-B> 3>A?>48=, >45BK9 ?>-4>@>6=><C, A B@C1:>N 2 7C10E, 0 70 =8< ;0:59 53> 8 ?>;8F59A:89 A;C68B5;L. 564C B5< :0: A>10:0 >1=NE820;0 C3;K 8 3>A?>48= 55 @074520;AO 157 >:>;8G=>AB59, ?>;8F59A:89 A;C68B5;L A:070;: - >B B515 ?>AB>9, !84>@ @<>;0528G. 3> 2KA>:>1;03>@>485 ?@85E0; 87 5B5@1C@30 ?> :075==>9 =04>1=>AB8, 8 BK B0: AG0AB;82, GB> 5<C ?>=@028;AO A 284C B2>9 4><. - ><8;C9B5, C <5=O C65 :20@B8@CNB H5ABL G5;>25: A;C682KE, - 2>7@078; E>7O8=, - 40 A25@E B>3>, :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8: 25;5; <=5 ?@8=OBL 2 4>< 2>B MB8E 42CE 3>A?>4. - >;G8, 1>@>40! - A:070; G8=>2=8:, ?>A<>B@52 3@>7=> =0 ?>GB5==>3> AB0@F0. - / 7=0BL =5 E>GC B2>53> :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:0 8 B51O 8 >AB0=CAL 745AL ?>B><C, GB> <=5 B0: C3>4=>. %>7O8= >1@0B8;AO : ?>;8F59A:><C A;C68B5;N 8 A:070;: - > A>A54=85 4><K =5 8<5NB ?>AB>O... - 0: B515 @02=OBLAO A A>A54O<8, !84>@ @<>;0528G? - 2>7@078; ?>;8F59A:89 A;C68B5;L. - -B8 3>A?>40 G8=>2=K5, 7=0B=K5 42>@O=5; BK 7=05HL, GB> C =8E >AB0=02;8205BAO 3C15@=0B>@, ?@>:C@>@... 40 ?>;=>, ?>;=>, !84>@ @<>;0528G; 254L 5A;8 =5 :C?F0< >B25G0BL 70 2A5E, B0: 8 ?>@O4:C =5 1C45B. 54L A8;L=><C-B> 8 <5H>: =0 ?;5G8, 0 2K 1>30G5 2A5E. >;8F59A:89 A;C68B5;L 2KH5;, 0 G8=>2=8: A:070;: - (525;8AL, AB0@8=0! 84=>, 20HC 1@0BLN 745AL 10;CNB :@5?:>, GB> 2K 5I5 A<55B5 A?>@8BL! - / =5 A?>@N, AC40@L, - >B25G0; :C?5F, - => C <5=O A A5<59AB2>< >AB0;8AL B>;L:> B@8 =51>;LH85 :><=0BK, 8 O =5 7=0N, 345 ?><5AB8BL 20A. - / 709<C 425, 0 BK ?><5I09AO 2 B@5BL59, - A:070; G8=>2=8:, - 0 5A;8 B515 B5A=>, B0: ABC?09 2 GC;0=. !<>B@8, ?>60;C9AB0, :0: MB>B <C68: G20=8BAO! - / =5 <C68:, AC40@L, 0 :C?5F. -  @0725 MB> =5 2A5 @02=>? - 2>7@078; G8=>2=8: A =0A<5H:>N. - 5 42>@O=8= - B0: B>B 65 <C68:! K 2KH;8 87 :><=0BK, 8 E>7O8= ?>A;54>20; 70 =0<8. - >A?>40! - A:070; >=. - K 8AG8A;O;8 ?@8G8=K, ?>G5<C :C?FK =5 ;N1OB >AB020BLAO 2 A2>5< 720=88. >B 20< <0;K9 >1@07G8: B>3> C2065=8O, :>B>@>5 8<5NB : =0< 4@C385 A>A;>28O. > 2K 5I5 =5 2845;8 8 BKAOG=>9 4>;8, 0 :>340 C2848B5, 2A?><=8B5 4>1@>< - 8 =5 ?5=O9B5 =0 =0A! !2OI5==8: ?>60; ?;5G0<8 8, =5 A:0702 =8 A;>20, ?>H5; : A515 4><>9; E>7O8= 4>;65= 1K; >AB0BLAO C A51O, GB>1 ?><5AB8BL =>2>3> 68;LF0; 0 <K A 5B@>< 5B@>28G5< ?>H;8 ?@>3C;OBLAO 70 3>@>4. - # =0A B0:, :0: 8 25745, 4> B5E ?>@ 2A5 1C45B 84B8 =5 A2>59 :>;559, - A:070; 5B@ 5B@>28G, - ?>:0 ?@>A25I5=85 =5 @07>;L5BAO =0 2A5 A>A;>28O. ">;L:> ?@>A25I5==K9, >1@07>20==K9 G5;>25: <>65B 2 ?>;=>9 <5@5 GC2AB2>20BL A2>8 >1O70==>AB8 2 >B=>H5=88 : 4@C38< 8 C2060BL 2A5 A>A;>28O. @>A25I5==K9 G5;>25: 7=05B, GB> 2 1;03>CAB@>5==>< 3>AC40@AB25 :064>5 720=85 ?>GB5==> 8 AB>;L 65 =C6=>, :0: 2A5 AB@C=K 2 8=AB@C<5=B5, 4;O >1I53> A>3;0A8O. 52565AB2> ?>;0305B ?@53@04C : A1;865=8N, 8 B>G=> B0: 65, :0: BC@>: ?>G8B05B E@8AB80=A:>3> ?>440==>3> >@BK =5G5;>25:><, B0: =0H8 3>@4K5 =52564K ?@5=51@530NB 2A5<8, :B> 8< =5 @>4=O 8 :B> =5 <>65B 4020BL 8< G8=>2 8 >@45=>2. 0?@8<5@, 20H E>7O8=, =5 ?>GB5==K9 ;8 G5;>25: 2> 2A5E >B=>H5=8OE? B G53> 65 MB>? B B>3>, GB> >= C<5= 8 >1@07>20=. 0;L, GB> >= =5 ?>;CG8; A8AB5<0B8G5A:>3> >1@07>20=8O 2 N=>AB8; B>340 1K >= 1K; >B5G5AB2C ?>;57=55 2> AB> @07. !84>@ @<>;0528G ?@>8AE>48B 87 M:>=><8G5A:8E G5@=>A>H=KE :@5ABLO=. = >AB0;AO A8@>B>N ?>A;5 @>48B5;59, ?>H5; 2 ?@8:07G8:8 : 40;L=5<C A2>5<C @>4AB25==8:C, :C?FC, 8 B@C40<8, ?@8;560=85< 8 E>@>H8< ?>2545=8< A>AB028; A515 ?>@O4>G=>5 A>AB>O=85, >1@07>202 A51O GB5=85<, >1E>645=85< A C<=K<8 ;N4L<8, @07<KH;5=85< 8 >?KB=>ABLN. !K=>259 A2>8E >= 2>A?8BK205B 2 C=825@A8B5B5, C15482H8AL, GB> ?5@2>5 1;03> =0 75<;5, ?5@20O ?>B@51=>ABL 4CH8 15AA<5@B=>9 - ?@>A25I5=85. K 2845;8 ?>GB5==>3> A2OI5==8:0, >BF0 235=8O. = B0:65 <>65B A;C68BL ?@8<5@><, GB> ?@>A25I5=85 =5 ?@5?OBAB2C5B 8A?>;=5=8N A2OI5==KE >1O70==>AB59 53> 720=8O: =0?@>B82 B>3>, 2>72KH0O 4CE>2=CN >A>1C 2 3;070E =0@>40, CB25@6405B 53> 1>;55 2 25@5 8 =@02AB25==>AB8, :@0A=>@5G82> >1JOA=O5<KE ?0ABK@O<8 F5@:28 8 ?>4:@5?;O5<KE ?@8<5@>< 15A?>@>G=>9 8E 687=8.  073>20@820O > @07;8G=KE ?@54<5B0E, <K 4>H;8 ?> ?>@O4:C 4> >1AB>OB5;LAB2 687=8 A0<>3> 5B@0 5B@>28G0 8@BCB8=0. K :@09=5 C4828;8AL, :>340 >= A:070; =0<, GB> >= =5 745H=89 C@>65=5F, => 6825B 745AL ?@>B82C A2>59 2>;8. K ?@>A8;8 53> >1JOA=8BL =0< ?@8G8=C A59 AB@0==>AB8, 8 5B@ 5B@>28G @0AA:070; =0< A;54CNI55: - B5F <>9 1K; 154=K9 42>@O=8= 8 =5 8<5; : ?@>?8B0=8N =8:0:>3> A@54AB20, :@><5 =51>;LH>3> A2>53> 60;>20=LO. = 65=8;AO =0 4>G5@8 4>AB0B>G=>3> :C?F0 8 ?>;CG8; 2 ?@840=>5 >:>;> ?OB845AOB8 BKAOG @C1;59. 0BL <>O A:>=G0;0AL, @>482 <5=O =0 A25B; >B5F <>9 >AB028; A;C61C 8 70=O;AO <>8< 2>A?8B0=85<. ;O ?@5?>4020=8O =0C: 8<5; O CG8B5;59, => >B5F <>9 A0< 1K; =0AB02=8:>< <>8< 2 >B=>H5=88 : =@02AB25==>AB8. = 2?5@8; 2 <5=O 15A?@545;L=CN ?@540==>ABL : ?@5AB>;C, A C15645=85<, GB> ?@>AB@0==0O  >AA8O, A>AB02;5==0O 87 @07=>@>4=KE ?;5<5=, =5 <>65B 1KBL =8 AG0AB;82>N, =8 A8;L=>N 8=0G5, :0: ?>4 2;0AB8N <>=0@E8G5A:>N, 548=>45@602=>N. ! N=KE ;5B >B5F <>9 2=CH8; <=5, GB> 2 <8@5 =5B 2>72KH5==55 =@02AB25==>AB8 - :0: 520=35;LA:>5 CG5=85. = ?>72>;O; <=5 G8B0BL 2A5 D8;>A>D8G5A:85 A>G8=5=8O, => ?>2B>@O; G0AB>: - !K= <>9! ?>AB>; 025; 3>2>@8B 2 >A;0=88 : D5AA0;>=8:89F0<: "A5 8A?KBK209B5; E>@>H53> 45@68B5AL".  B2>@5=8OE <C4@5F>2 BK =0945HL <=>3> C<0, 5I5 1>;55 >AB@>C<8O, => =8345 =5 =0945HL B0:8E ?@028; 4;O 687=8, :0: 2 20=35;88.  B2>@5=8OE <C4@5F>2 BK =0945HL B0:65 A>25BK 4>1@>45B5;8, => =8345 =5 =0945HL B0:>9 2>72KH5==>9 =@02AB25==>AB8, AB>;L:> C4828B5;L=KE 8AB8=, :0: 2 CG5=88 ?>AB>;LA:><. AO =@02AB25==>ABL, @07;8B0O <C4@5F0<8 2 BKAOG0E :=83, 70:;NG5=0 ?>AB>;0<8 2 =5<=>38E A;>20E: " :0: E>B8B5, GB>1K ?>ABC?0;8 A 20<8 4@C385, B0: 8 2K ?>ABC?09B5 A =8<8". (20=3. >B C:8. ;. VI.) "> 3>2>@N 20<, A;CH0NI8<: ;N18B5 2@03>2 20H8E, B2>@8B5 4>1@> =5=0284OI8< 20A". ("0< 65.) N157=K9 AK=! 8A?>;=OO A88 420 ?@028;0, BK 8A?>;=8HL 2A5 A2>8 >1O70==>AB8. B5F <>9 1K; =5 A2OB>H5N, =5 E0=6>N, => 8AB8==K< E@8AB80=8=>< 8 ?@8<5@>< A>1AB25==>9 687=8 C:@5?;O; <5=O 2 ?@5?>40205<KE 8< ?@028;0E. >=G82 <>5 2>A?8B0=85, O 2ABC?8; 2 2>5==CN A;C61C. @8 >B?@02;5=88 2 ?>;: >B5F 1;03>A;>28; <5=O >1@07>< !?0A8B5;O, A =04?8ALN 87 ?>AB>;0: ">A5<C >B25@3=C2 ;>6L, 2A5 3>2>@8B5 8AB8=C ?@54 1;86=8< A2>8<". (>A;. ;. 02;0 : D5A. ;. IV.) ! ;5B0<8, O 1>;55 CB25@640;AO 2 ?@028;0E, ?>A2OI5==KE 2 A5@4F5 <>5< 4>AB>9=K< <>8< @>48B5;5<, 8 1>;55 C15640;AO 2 8AB8=5, GB> G5;>25: 4;O B>3> B>;L:> A>740= =0 A25B, GB>1 ?><>30BL A2>8< 1;86=8< 2A5<8 7028AOI8<8 >B =53> A@54AB20<8. 0640O =5A?@0254;82>ABL, >:070==0O :><C 1K B> =8 1K;> 8 :5< 1K B> =8 1K;>, ?@>872>48;0 2> <=5 A8;L=>5 2?5G0B;5=85: ?> =5AG0AB8N, O =5 <>3 2>745@60BL O7K:0 A2>53> 8 2>?8O; 3@><:> ?@>B82C 2AO:8E 7;>C?>B@51;5=89. K AB>O;8 2 ?;>4>=>A=>9 #:@08=5, 8 1>30BK5 ?>A5;O=5 45;8;8AL A2>5N ?8I5N A =0H8<8 4>1@K<8 A>;40B0<8, :>B>@K5 2 A2>1>4=>5 >B A;C61K 2@5<O ?><>30;8 8< 2 ?>;52KE @01>B0E. >A5;O=5 =5 E>B5;8 ?>;CG0BL :075==>3> ?@>280=B0, 8 O =0AB0820;, GB>1 >= 2A5340 1K; ?@>40205< 2 ?>;L7C A>;40B. @8 @0AG5B5 0<C=8G=KE 8 0@B5;L=KE 45=53, ?@8 C?;0B5 60;>20=LO O, :0: 3>2>@8BAO, @570;AO 70 A>;40BA:CN :>?59:C. @024C <C4@5=> 2A5340 >1;5:0BL 2 =56=K5, <O3:85 D>@<K, 8 O G0AB> ?@8=C645= 1K; 3>2>@8BL 3>@L:85 8AB8=K, A?>@8BL 8 60;>20BLAO, :>340 <5=O =5 A;CH0;8. / ?@>A;K; 15A?>:>9=K< G5;>25:>< 8 ?@8=C645= 1K; 2K9B8 2 >BAB02:C. B5F <>9, :>B>@K9 1K; AB0@ 8 A;01, E>B5;, GB>1 O 68; ?@8 =5<. / >?@545;8;AO 2 3@0640=A:CN A;C61C 2 AB>;8F5, ?> AC4=>9 G0AB8, GB>1 =5 B5@OBL 2@5<5=8 157 ?>;L7K >B5G5AB2C. 45AL-B> >B:@K;>AL >1H8@=>5 ?>;5 4;O <>59 45OB5;L=>AB8. B5F <>9 =8<0;> =5 A>:@CH0;AO B5<, GB> O =52>;L=> 4>;65= 1K; >AB028BL 2>5==CN A;C61C. - "K 8A?>;=O; A2>9 4>;3 - 2>B B2>O =03@040 8 CB5H5=85, - A:070; >=, >1=8<0O <5=O. >340 <=5 =04;560;> 7=0BL =>2CN <>N 4>;6=>ABL, >= ?@8720; <5=O : A515 2 :018=5B 8, C:0702 =0 @0A:@KBK9 >2K9 025B, 25;5; ?@>G5ABL 2 >A;0=88 02;0 : "8<>D5N, 2 3;025 V, AB8E 20: "!>3@5H0NI8E >1;8G09 ?@54 2A5<8, 401K 8 ?@>G85 AB@0E 8<5;8". >B>< >= ?@860; <5=O : A5@4FC, 1;03>A;>28; 8 A:070;: - !BC?09 A >3>< @0B>20BL 70 8AB8=C! / 1K; :0: ?5A =0 AB@065 C E@0<0 ?@02>AC48O: ;0O; =0 15AA>25AB=KE 7;>C?>B@518B5;59 70:>=>2, =5 ?CA:0; A8;L=>3> 7;>45O 2> 2=CB@5==>ABL A2OB8;8I0 8 70I8I0; >B 3@018B5;59 =5AG0AB=CN 24>2C 8 A8@>BC. /1540 8 ;8E>8<AB2> 2>AAB0;8 ?@>B82C <5=O A >65AB>G5=8<. 5;>2K5 ;N48, 157 :>B>@KE =0G0;L=8:8 =5 <>3;8 >1>9B8AL, =5 7=0O A0<8 45;0, >1JO28;8, GB> >=8 =5 <>3CB 68BL A B0:8< 15A?>:>9=K< G5;>25:><, :0: O. =5 25;5=> 1K;> C40;8BLAO. 564C B5< >B5F <>9 A:>=G0;AO, 8 O >AB0;AO =0 A25B5 >48=>:, A ?>@O4>G=K< A>AB>O=85<. B5F <>9 =5 AB0@0;AO C<=>60BL A2>53> :0?8B0;0, ?>;030O, GB> <=5 4>2>;L=> 1C45B ?@840=>3> <>59 <0B5@8, 8 C?>B@51;O; >AB0;L=CN >B ?@>68BLO G0ABL 4>E>4>2 =0 2A?><>65=85 154=K<. / ?>A;54>20; 53> ?@8<5@C 8 45;8;AO ?>-1@0BA:8 A =58<CI8<8 8 AB@064CI8<8 8 70I8I0; 8E B0:65 >B ?@8B5A=5=8O A8;L=>3>. / =5 <>3 >B:070BL =5AG0AB=><C 2 A>25B5 8 4065 A0< ?8A0; ?@>AL1K 4;O 15770I8B=KE, =5 C<5NI8E >B@078BL O154K 8 C3=5B5=8O A8;>N :@0A=>@5G8O N@848G5A:8E 4>2>4>2; O A0< E;>?>B0; 70 154=KE 8 8=>340 CAB@0H0; A0<KE 70:>@5=5;KE ;8E>8<F52 <>5N =0AB>9G82>ABLN. "KAOG8 =5?@8OB=>AB59 A=>A8; O 5654=52=>, =>, ?@>254O 45=L 2 B@C40E, CB5H0; A51O B5<, GB> 8A?>;=ON 2>;N <>53> @>48B5;O 8 GB> <>5N 3>@5ABLN 4>AB02;ON A;04:>5 CB5H5=85 AB@064CI8<. / 1K; AG0AB;82! 5A:>;L:> 4>1@KE 4@C759, =0C:8 8 ;8B5@0BC@0 CA;0640;8 687=L <>N, :>B>@CN 7;>1=K5 ;N48 E>B5;8 >B@028BL :;525B>N. 1;0:0 >1@07CNBAO 87 ?0@>2; 4>64L A>AB>8B 87 :0?5;L; 1540 >1@07C5BAO 87 :;525BK, 8725B>2 8 =0CI5=89, 8 7;>1=K5 A;>20 2 A>2>:C?=>AB8 A>AB02;ONB 3@><>2CN BCGC 2 =@02AB25==>< <8@5, 8725@30NICN ?5@C=K =0 15728==KE. / =5 4020; >154>2, ?>;030O, GB> ;CGH5 >B 871KB:>2 :>@<8BL 154=KE, =565;8 ?@5AKI0BL A;0AB>;N1F52; =5 4020; 2709<K 45=53 <>B0<: <5=O =0720;8 _A:C?K<_. / E>48; <>;8BLAO 2 F5@:28 >1I5AB25==K5, 2<5AB5 A =0@>4><, 0 =5 O2;O;AO 2 <C=48@5 2 4><0H=8E F5@:20E 25;L<>6, - <5=O =0720;8 _1571>6=8:><_. =0O, GB> <>=0@E8G5A:>5 ?@02;5=85 =5 <>65B 8<5BL 4@C3>9 F5;8, :0: 1;03> ?>440==KE, O =8:>340 =5 @>?B0; =0 ?@028B5;LAB2>, => 3@><:> 2>?8O; ?@>B82C 7;>C?>B@518B5;59 2;0AB8, :>B>@K5, ?>G8B0O <5AB0 A2>8 :0: 1K >B:C?0<8, ?><KH;ONB 548=AB25==> > A2>5< >1>30I5=88 8 ?><5I5=88 A2>8E @>4AB25==8:>2, - <5=O =0720;8 _2>7<CB8B5;5<_. / >B 2A53> A5@4F0 E20;8; 4>1@KE 25;L<>6, G5AB=KE G8=>2=8:>2 8 2KAB02;O; 8E 2 ?@8<5@, 2 ?@>B82>?>;>6=>ABL 7;K< 8 :>@KAB>;N1F0<, - <5=O =0720;8 _8=B@830=><_ 8 _?@8AB@0AB=K<_. '0AB>, =5 1C4CG8 2 A>AB>O=88 C<5@8BL <>53> =53>4>20=8O, O >1=0@C6820; 8AB8=C 2 2K@065=8OE A8;L=KE, 2 ?8A0==KE <=>N 4;O 4@C38E ?@>AL10E 8 =07K20; 25I8 8E =0AB>OI8<8 8<5=0<8, - <5=O =0720;8 _O154=8:><_. 7> 2A5E ?@8?8A0==KE <=5 :0G5AB2 A>AB028;>AL >4=> =0720=85: _15A?>:>9=>3> G5;>25:0_, 8 <5=O 2KA;0;8 =0 68BL5 2 MB>B 3>@>4, ?>4 =047>@ ?>;8F88. @87=0NAL, O A?5@20 A>:@CH0;AO, => 4>1@K9 A2OI5==8: 235=89 CB5H8; <5=O 8 CA?>:>8;. - K B@C48;8AL =5 4;O <8@0, 0 4;O 4CH8 A2>59, - A:070; >B5F 235=89. - !;54>20B5;L=>, 2 4CH5 A2>59 =0945B5 =03@04C. A?><=8B5, GB> 3>2>@8B 0?>AB>; C:0: "_> 2K ;N18B5 2@03>2 20H8E 8 1;03>B2>@8B5 8 2709<K 40209B5, =8G53> =5 >6840O; 8 1C45B 20< =03@040 25;8:0O, 8 2K 1C45B5 AK=0<8 A52KH=O3>: 81> = 1;03 8 : =51;03>40@=K< 8 7;K<_". 5 A<CI09B5AL =5AG0AB85< 8 =5 >A;015209B5 =0 ?CB8 : 4>1@C, ?><=O A;>20 0?>AB>;0 02;0: "_@0240, 2AO:>5 =0:070=85 2 =0AB>OI55 2@5<O :065BAO =5 @04>ABLN, 0 ?5G0;LN; => 2?>A;54AB288 4>AB02;O5B <8@K9 ?;>4 ?@0254=>AB8 B5<, :>8 ?>A@54AB2>< >=03> >1@07>20;8AL_". "5?5@L O A?>:>5= 8 AG0AB;82, 81> AG0AB85 C 2AO:>3> 2 A5@4F5, 0 =0 75<;5 =5B =0A5;5==>3> <5AB0 157 4>1@KE ;N459. / =0E>6C =0A;0645=85 2 4@C615 G5AB=>3> :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:0, ?>GB5==>3> A2OI5==8:0 235=8O 8 :C?F0, 20H53> E>7O8=0; ?@>2>6C 2@5<O 2 GB5=88 8 ?@>3C;:5 8 45;0N AB>;L:> 4>1@0, A:>;L:> ?>72>;ONB <=5 A@54AB20 <>8. 5 ?@8<8B5 <>53> @0AA:070 70 A0<>E20;LAB2>. 5B! O GC64 MB>3> ?>@>:0 8 >1JO28; 20< 8AB8=C 4;O 20H53> ?>CG5=8O ?>B><C B>;L:>, GB> 2K MB>3> B@51>20;8. @845B 2@5<O - 8 ?@0240 2A?;K25B =025@E, :0: 5;59 =04 2>4>N, 8 @0=> 8;8 ?>74=>, => 2A5340 2>AB>@65AB2C5B =04 7;>1>N 8 ;>6LN! >72@0BOAL 2 3>@>4 A ?@>3C;:8 8 ?@>E>4O <8<> 3>@>4A:>3> >AB@>30, ?>GB5==K9 5B@ 5B@>28G ?@54;>68; =0< 709B8 BC40 8 1@>A8BL A5<5=0 CB5H5=8O 2 68;8I5 ?;0G0, :0: >= 87JOA=O;AO. # <5=O 1K;> 2 :>H5;L:5 =5A:>;L:> G5@2>=F52, 8 O A @04>ABLN A>3;0A8;AO ?>9B8 2 >AB@>3, GB>1 >1;53G8BL ?>40O=85< CG0ABL =5AG0AB=KE. -B>B >AB@>3 1K; =5 8=>5 GB>, :0: ?@>AB0O 8710, >1=5A5==0O BK=><. 0 B5A=>B>N =52>7<>6=> 1K;> @0745;8BL A>45@60I8EAO ?>4 AB@065N ?> @>4C ?@5ABC?;5=89, 8 >B B>3> A;CG0;>AL, GB> <>;>4>9 ;53:><KA;5==K9 <0;LG8:, 15602H89 87 H0;>AB8 >B 3>A?>48=0, ?><5I0;AO =0 =0@0E 2>7;5 70:>A=5;>3> 2 ?>@>:0E 2>@0 8;8 @071>9=8:0 8 =5GC2AB28B5;L=> 70@060;AO ?@028;0<8 7;>459AB20. '8AB>BK B0:65 =52>7<>6=> 1K;> B@51>20BL ?@8 =54>AB0B:5 ?><5I5=8O. 0@0C;L=K5 A>;40BK @0A?>;>65=K 1K;8 2 A5=OE, 0 ?> >158< AB>@>=0<, 2 42CE 8710E A>45@60;8AL :>;>4=8:8, :0: A5;L48 2 1>G:5. =5 A45;0;>AL 4C@=> >B 4CE>BK 8 >B A8;L=>3> 2?5G0B;5=8O, ?@>872545==>3> 284>< 725@A:8E ;8F. / ?@>A8; <>8E B>20@8I59 2K9B8 A:>@55 =0 A25689 2>74CE. 4@C3 CA;KH0;8 <K 2 GC;0=G8:5 ?@>=78B5;L=K5 AB>=K 8 AB@0H=K5 2>?;8. N1>?KBAB2> ?>2;5:;> =0A BC40, 8 C60A=>5 7@5;8I5 ?@54AB028;>AL 27>@0< <>8<.  B5<=>< C3;C, =0 A>;><5, ;560; ?>;C>1=065==K9 G5;>25:, 8AA>EH89 :0: A:5;5B 8 A:>20==K9 ?> =>30< 8 ?> @C:0<. 8HL B>;L:> A25B ?@>=8: 2 53> :>=C@C, >= ?@8?>4=O;AO, ?@8A5; 8 CAB@5<8; =0 =0A C60A=K9 273;O4. 7>@K =0H8 2AB@5B8;8AL, 8 O 70B@5?5B0; 2A5< B5;><, :0: >B 273;O40 20A8;8A:0. '5@=K5 2>;>AK 8 1>@>40 C =5AG0AB=>3> 1K;8 2A:;>G5=K, ;8F> ?>:@KB> A<5@B=>N 1;54=>ABLN, 8 3;070, =0;82H85AO :@>2LN >B 15AA>==8FK 8 AB@040=89, A25B8;8AL :0: @0A:0;5==K5 C3>;LO. ><>;G02 =5<=>3>, =5AG0AB=K9 ?@8:>A=C;AO A:>20==K<8 @C:0<8 A?5@20 :> ;1C, 0 ?>A;5 : A5@4FC 8 A:070; ?>B8E>=L:C: - 3>=L, >3>=L! - >B><, @078=C2 @>B, ?@>H5?B0;: - >4K! #=B5@->D8F5@ ?>40; 5<C 45@52O==CN :@C6:C, 8 >=, =0?82H8AL, B>;:=C; 53> >B A51O 8 3@><:> 2>A:;8:=C;: - @>GL, ?@>GL, :@>2L! :@>2L! 4@C3 2>;>AK 53> ?>4=O;8AL 4K1><, ;8F> A:@828;>AL >B AC4>@>6=KE 42865=89, 3;070 A45;0;8AL =5?>4286=K<8, ?5=0 ?>O28;0AL =0 CAB0E; >= 70A:@565B0; 7C10<8, 1KAB@> ?@8?>4=O;AO 8 2>A:;8:=C;: - / >6>2 - 15@8B5 <5=O! - >6>2! - 2>A:;8:=C;8 <K 2 >48= 3>;>A A 8;>2848=K<. -B> 1K; 7;>459 >6>2, :>B>@>3> O =5 <>3 A?5@20 C7=0BL 2 B0:>< ?>;>65=88; => :>340 >= ?@>87=5A A2>5 8<O, O B>BG0A ?@8?><=8; 53> G5@BK. 564C B5< =5AG0AB=K9 A=>20 C?0; =0 A>;><C 8 702>?8; C60A=K< 3>;>A><: - 5 638B5 <5=O, =5 638B5, 0 C159B5 >4=8< C40@><! >38 <>8 GCBL =5 ?>4:>A8;8AL >B C60A0; :@>2L ?@8ABC?8;0 : A5@4FC, 8 3>;>20 70:@C68;0AL; => O AB>O; =0 <5AB5, >6840O, GB> >6>2 ?@845B 2 A51O 87 15A?0<OBAB20 8 A:065B <=5 8<O 3@0D8=8, <>59 =5?@8OB5;L=8FK. @5ABC?=8: A=>20 70<>;G0; 8 70:@K; 3;070; B>340 8;>2848= :;8:=C; 53> ?> 8<5=8. >6>2 >B:@K; 3;070 8 :0: 1C4B> ?@8A;CH820;AO. - >6>2! - A:070; 8;>2848=. - K6838= ?@>I05B B51O 70 2A5 7;>, :>B>@>5 BK 5<C A45;0;. >6>2 >?OBL ?@8A5; =0 A>;><5 8, >78@0OAL :@C3><, A:070;: - 45 K6838=? = C<5@ 2 AB5?8. / A0< 1@>A8; 53> 2 O<C! @0D8=O =5 25;5;0 C1820BL 53>... - @8 A8E A;>20E >6>2 A=>20 C?0; =027=8GL, 70:@K; 3;070 8 AB@0H=> 70E@8?5;. / =5 <>3 4>;55 2K45@60BL MB>3> C60A=>3> 7@5;8I0 8 2KH5; 87 >AB@>30. - K 7=05B5 MB>3> 7;>45O? - A?@>A8; 5B@ 5B@>28G. - > =5AG0AB8N! - >B25G0; O. - 02B@0 O @0AA:06C 20< ?>4@>1=>AB8 <>53> A =8< 7=0:><AB20; => B5?5@L O B0: @0AAB@>5=, GB> =5 <>3C A>1@0BL <KA;59. 5B@ 5B@>28G ?@>2>48; =0A 4> 4><C. / 25AL 25G5@ =5; 2KE>48; 87 :><=0BK 8 ?@>25; =>GL 157 A=0, <CG0OAL =5B5@?5=85< C7=0BL >B >6>20 B09=C <>53> ?@5A;54>20=8O. >CB@C O ?>A;0; 2 >AB@>3 C7=0BL > 74>@>2L5 =5AG0AB=>3>, => <=5 A:070;8, GB> >= 8A?CAB8; 4CE 2 C60A=KE <CG5=8OE, 2A:>@5 ?>A;5 =0H53> CE>40. 5B@ 5B@>28G, :>B>@><C O @0AA:070; G0ABL <>8E ?@8:;NG5=89 8 :>B>@K9 7=0; ?>=0A;KH:5 >@>20B8=0, A>25B>20; <=5 1KBL 25AL<0 >AB>@>6=K< ?@8 >B:@K20=88 B09=K, GB>1 =5 ?>?0ABL 2 1>;LHCN 154C. - !C451=K< ?>@O4:>< 2K =8G53> =5 2K83@05B5 A >@>20B8=K<, - A:070; >=, - ?>B><C GB> C 20A =5B A2845B5;59; >@>20B8= <>65B A:070BL, GB> :8@387K 27O;8 20A 2 ?;5= A8;>N.  B><C 6 5A;8 2K 70<5H05B5 2 20H5 45;> :0:CN-=81C4L 7=0B=CN D0<8;8N, B> =5 >15@5B5AL >B E;>?>B. CGH5 2A53> AB0@09B5AL ?>@072540BL AB>@>=>N, 8 5A;8 B>;L:> C7=05B5 8<O A2>59 3>=8B5;L=8FK, B> B09=0 >B:@>5BAO A0<0 A>1>N. K 2845;8 87 ?@8<5@0 >6>20, GB> 45@7>ABL ?>@>:0 8 70:>A=5;>ABL 2 7;>45O=88 :>=G8BAO =0 >4@5 1>;57=8 8 2 BC <8=CBC, :>340 4;O 4>1@>45B5;L=>3> AB@040;LF0 A8O5B 2 ?>;=>< 1;5A:5 =045640 =0 ;CGHCN 687=L 8 CA;06405B 53> ?>A;54=85 <8=CBK, 4;O 7;>45O 2<5AB5 A 3@>1>< ?@54AB>OB C3@K75=8O A>25AB8, C60A=59H85 A0<KE 04A:8E <C:. >@>20B8=, ?@8 ?5@2>9 BO6:>9 1>;57=8 8;8 ?@8 ?5@2>9 >?0A=>AB8, >:065B AB>;L:> 65 <0;>4CH8O, :0: 8 2A5 7;>458, 8 >B:@>5B 20< 8AB8=C. 0:>A=5;><C ?>@>:C 5ABL :>=5F - B25@4>ABL A2>9AB25==0 >4=>9 4>1@>45B5;8!  XX ), %      #!.  , "   % >2545=85< =0H8< 8 ?@54AB0B5;LAB2>< 4>1@>3> 5B@0 5B@>28G0 <K A=8A:0;8 1;03>@0A?>;>65=85 :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:0, :>B>@K9 8=>340 70E>48; : =0<, ?@83;0H0; : A515 =0 G09 8 ?>72>;O; >B;CG0BLAO 70 3>@>4. 4=064K, :>340 <K 1K;8 C =53> A 5B@>< 5B@>28G5<, @5GL 70H;0 > B><, :0: B@C4=> 75<A:>9 ?>;8F88 A>1;N40BL ?>@O4>: =0 >1H8@=>< ?@>AB@0=AB25, 2 AB@0=5 <0;>=0A5;5==>9, ?5@5A5:05<>9 =5?@>E>48<K<8 1>;>B0<8 8 ;5A0<8. - @>HC ?>9<0BL 153;>3>, - A:070; :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:, - 5A;8 ?><5I8: 8 ?>A5;O=5 70E>BOB A:@KBL 53>! 04>1=> =5A:>;L:> BKAOG 2>9A:0 4;O ?>8<:8 >4=>3> G5;>25:0 2 ;5AC, ?@>AB8@0NI5<AO 25@AB =0 ?>;B>@0AB0! - >>1I5 =0 ?><5I8:0E ;568B 1>;LH0O >B25BAB25==>ABL ?@54 >3><, 3>AC40@5< 8 >B5G5AB2>< 70 2A5, GB> 45;05BAO 2 8E ?><5ABLOE, - A:070; 5B@ 5B@>28G. - B ?><5I8:0 7028A8B 2A5 AG0ABL5 53> ?>A5;O=, 8E =@02AB25==>ABL, ?@>A25I5=85 8 1;03>A>AB>O=85, A;54>20B5;L=>, >B ?><5AB=>3> 42>@O=AB20 2 A>2>:C?=>AB8 7028A8B =@02AB25==>ABL, ?@>A25I5=85 8 1;03>A>AB>O=85 F5;>9  >AA88. @028B5;LAB2> =8G53> =5 I048B, GB>1 >B:@K20BL 42>@O=AB2C 2A5 ?CB8 : ?@>A25I5=8N 8 : 1;03>A>AB>O=8N. 8 >48= G04>;N182K9 >B5F =5 ?5G5BAO AB>;L:> > 2>A?8B0=88 8 AG0ABL5 A2>53> ;N18<>3> AK=0, :0: @CAA:85 3>AC40@8 ?5:CBAO > @CAA:>< 42>@O=AB25. > =5C65;8 @CAA:>5 42>@O=AB2> 4>;6=> C?>4>1;OBLAO B><C G5;>25:C 2 ?@8BG5 20=35;LA:>9, :>B>@K9 70@K; 2 75<;N B0;0=B, ?>;CG5==K9 8< >B 3>A?>48=0 4;O C<=>65=8O 53> 1>30BAB20? 2>@O=8=, ?>;CG0O, 4>;65= 45;8BLAO, 4>;65= 2>42>@OBL 2 =0@>45 ?@82O70==>ABL : ?@5AB>;C, ;N1>2L : >B5G5AB2C 8 A2>8< ?@8<5@>< ?>1C640BL : =@02AB25==>AB8. - !?@0254;82>, - A:070; :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:, - 0 2 ?@>B82=>< A;CG05, 42>@O=8= ?>E>6 1C45B =0 BC 15A?;>4=CN A<>:>2=8FC, > :>B>@>9 C?><8=05BAO 2 20=35;88 >B C:8, 2 3;025 XIII. 2>@O=8=, :0: 871@0==K9 AK= G04>;N182>3> >BF0, 4>;65= 1KBL 2AN 687=L =0 A;C615, 4;O 8A?>;=5=8O 2>;8 8 1;038E =0<5@5=89 >1I53> >BF0  >AA88. 2>@O=8=, ?@>6820O 2 A2>8E ?><5ABLOE, 4>;65= ?>G8B0BL A51O 2 AB>;L 65 459AB28B5;L=>9 A;C615, :0: 5A;8 1 >= 70A540; 2 !>25B5 3>AC40@AB2>< 8;8 ?@542>48B5;LAB2>20; 2>9A:><. 2>@O=8= 5ABL ?5@2K9 ?>;8F59<59AB5@ 2 A2>5< ?><5ABL5, A1>@I8: 3>AC40@AB25==KE ?>40B59, =04A<>B@I8: 70 8A?>;=5=85< 75<A:8E ?>28==>AB59, <8@=K9 AC4LO <564C A2>8<8 :@5ABLO=0<8, ?>?5G8B5;L >1 8E 74>@>2L5, >E@0=8B5;L 8E 8<CI5AB20, =0478@0B5;L ?@8E>4A:>3> CG8;8I0. - @5:@0A=>, ?@5:@0A=>, 5B@ 5B@>28G! - 2>A:;8:=C; :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8: 8 1@>A8;AO >1=8<0BL 8@BCB8=0, ?@8<>;282: - ">G=> B0:! 5<A:0O ?>;8F8O 1K;0 1K B>340 B5<, G5< >=0 1KBL 4>;6=0, 2;0ABLN 8A?>;=8B5;L=>N, :>B>@0O ?> 2>AB@51>20=8N ?><5I8:0 2>42>@O;0 1K ?>@O4>: 8 1;03>G8=85 A8;>N 70:>=0 B0<, 345 1K =5 459AB2>20;0 A8;0 C15645=8O! - "0: 8 1C45B A> 2@5<5=5<, - A:070; 5B@ 5B@>28G, - :>340 A>7@5NB ?;>4K ?@>A25I5=8O, 15A?@5@K2=> =0A06405<K5 <C4@K<8 =0H8<8 <>=0@E0<8; :>340 <K 1C45< 8<5BL 4>AB0B>G=>5 G8A;> >B;8G=KE @CAA:8E CG8B5;59 4;O >1@07>20=8O =0H53> N=>H5AB20 2 @CAA:8E =@020E, 0 =5 =0 0=3;89A:89 8;8 D@0=FC7A:89 <0=5@. - #6 <=5 MB8 @CAA:85 GC6575<FK A84OB :>ABLN 2 3>@;5! - A:070; :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:. - / 1>;55 C2060N D@0=FC7A:>3> :CG5@0 8;8 ?>20@0, =565;8 @CAA:>3> :=O7L:0, ?>4@060NI53> ;>@40< 8 <0@:870< 2 8E ?@8GC40E 8 AB@0==>ABOE. 5402=> ?>A5;8;AO C =0A 2 C5745, 2 A2>8E ?><5ABLOE, <>;>4>9 25@B>?@0E, :>B>@K9 ?>G5; A51O >1865==K< ?> A;C615 >B B>3>, GB> =0G0;L=8: A:070; 5<C, GB> >= =5 <>65B 70=8<0BL 7=0G8B5;L=>3> <5AB0 8 ?>;CG0BL =03@04 ?>B><C, GB> =5 C<55B =0?8A0BL B@5E AB@>: A ;>38:>N 8 3@0<<0B8:>N. =O7L !;01>3>;>28=, ?@>G8B02 =5A:>;L:> :=86>=>: D@0=FC7A:8E > ?>;8B8:5, ?@8 ?><>I8 A2>53> 3C25@=5@0 8 ?>4?8AK20OAL =0 =5A:>;L:> 0=3;89A:8E 3075B, 2>>1@078; A515, GB> >= A0< 25;8:89 ?>;8B8: 8 @>645= 1KBL 70:>=>40B5;5< A2>53> >B5G5AB20. <5AB5 A ?0@0<8 H0<?0=A:>3> >= 21820; 2 3>;>2C A2>8E =57@5;KE B>20@8I59 ?@028;0 D8;0=B@>?88 8 <C4@>ABL D8;>A>D8G5A:>3> A;>20@O >;LB5@>20 8 ?@>A;K; ;815@0;><, >@0B>@><, 70I8B=8:>< G5;>25G5AB20. >340 65 >=, A?>B:=C2H8AL =0 ?CB8 G5AB>;N18O, ?@85E0; 2 A2>N 45@52=N, B> - 7=05B5 ;8, G5< :>=G8;0AL 53> D8;>A>D8O? - 57 A><=5=8O, >= =0G0; CG@5640BL A5;LA:85 H:>;K, @045BL > 1;035 A2>8E :@5ABLO=, - A:070; 8;>2848=. - 5 BCB-B> 1K;>! - 2>A:;8:=C; :0?8B0=-8A?@02=8:, 3@><:> 70A<5O2H8AL. - @028B5;LAB2>, ?5:CI55AO > 1;035 ?>440==KE =0 45;5, 0 =5 =0 A;>20E, ?@8=C645=> 1K;> 27OBL 2 >?5:C 8<5=85 :@0A=>@5G82>3> >@0B>@0 G5;>25G5AB20 70 65AB>:>5 >1E>645=85 A :@5ABLO=0<8 8 @07>@8B5;L=>5 C?@02;5=85 8<5=85<. >A;CH09B5 2A5E MB8E :@8:C=>2 70 2:CA=K< >154>< 8;8 =0 25G5@5, 2 B>;?5 <>;>4KE ;N459: >=8 2>?8NB > 1;035 G5;>25G5AB20, > 70:>=0E; 0 4><0 C A51O 8 2 :064>< <5AB5, ?>4G8=5==>< 8E =0G0;LAB2C, E>BOB 1KBL A0<>2;0AB=K<8 ?0H0<8. AB8==K9 4@C3 G5;>25G5AB20 =5 :@8G8B, =5 2>?85B ?@>B82 70:>=>2 8 CG@5645==>3> ?>@O4:0; =>, A>>1@07COAL A >=K<8, 45;05B AB>;L:> 4>1@0, A:>;L:> <>65B, 0 4>1@0 2A5340 8 25745 <>6=> <=>3> A45;0BL, 1K;0 1K >E>B0! # =0A 65 5I5 <=>3> <>6=> 8 4>;6=> A45;0BL 4>1@0 =0 ?@0:B8:5, ?@5645 G5< ?@845BAO ?>4C<0BL > B5>@8OE. =05B5 ;8 GB>, 5B@ 5B@>28G! !2>78B5 MB8E 3>A?>4 : ?@8OB5;N =0H5<C, ;5:A0=4@C ;5:A0=4@>28GC  >AA8O=8=>2C. K C2848B5, :0:85 C =0A ;N48 A:@K20NBAO 2 70E>;CABL5. / 20< 40< A2>8E ;>H0459. @>3C;O9B5AL, 3>A?>40; 2K 70A845;8AL 2 =0H5< 3>@>48H:5! 0 4@C3>9 45=L, CB@><, <K >B?@028;8AL 2 3>AB8 : 3.  >AA8O=8=>2C, 682H5<C 2 A2>59 45@52=5, 2 25 25@AB0E >B 3>@>40. @>5E02 25@AB 15, <K 70<5B8;8 C4828B5;L=>5 @07;8G85 2 >1@01>B:5 ?>;59. 5745 =0 =87:8E <5AB0E 2K:>?0=K 1K;8 :0=0;K, 4;O AB>:0 87;8H=59 2>4K A ?0H=59. >;O 1K;8 ?>@O4>G=> @07<56520=K 8 C=02>65=K; ;C30 >G8I5=K >B :>G5: 8 15A?>;57=KE :CAB0@=8:>2. 0 15@53C :@CB>3> @CGLO, =0 ?0AB18I5 A45;0= 1K;, <>I5==K9 :0<=5<, A?CA: 4;O ?>5=8O AB04, GB>1 A:>B8=0 =5 2O7;0 2 3@O78 8 =5 70AK?0;0 75<;5N 8AB>G=8:0. >@>30 ?> >158< AB>@>=0< CA065=0 1K;0 45@52LO<8; <>AB8:8 1K;8 2 8A?@02=>AB8, 8 B>?:85 <5AB0 CAB;0=K D0H8=0<8. - @8<5G05B5 ;8, - A:070; 5B@ 5B@>28G, - GB> <K 2J5E0;8 2> 2;045=8O ?>@O4>G=>3> G5;>25:0? @85E02 2 45@52=N, 8;>2848= 2A?;5A=C; @C:0<8 >B C482;5=8O 8 2>A:;8:=C;: - >B :0:>20 <>65B 8 4>;6=0 1KBL F5;0O  >AA8O! 5@52O==K5 ?@>G=K5 871K 2KAB@>5=K 1K;8 2 >48= @O4, ?> >158< AB>@>=0< 4>@>38. :=0 >1;>65=K 1K;8 @07=K<8 C:@0H5=8O<8, 42>@K 2A5 703>@>65=K 2KA>:8<8 701>@0<8, A :@0A82K<8 2>@>B0<8 A =025A><. ><K ?>AB@>5=K 1K;8 =0 =5:>B>@>5 @0AAB>O=85 >48= >B 4@C3>3>, 87 ?@54>AB>@>6=>AB8 >B ?>60@0. 564C 4><0<8 =0E>48;8AL A048:8 A ?;>4>2K<8 45@52LO<8. >7048 :@5ABLO=A:8E 42>@>2 1K;8 >2>I=K5 >3>@>4K, 0 70 =8<8 3C<=K.  :>=F5 45@52=8 2>72KH0;0AL ?@5:@0A=0O :0<5==0O F5@:>2L, >A5=5==0O 2KA>:8<8 ;8?0<8. >< A2OI5==8:0 >B;8G0;AO G8AB>B>N 8 :@0A82>N =0@C6=>ABLN. >7;5 F5@:28 =0E>48;>AL =5A:>;L:> :@0A82KE 4><8:>2, 4;O >1I5AB25==>9 ?>;L7K.  >4=>< 87 =8E 1K;0 CG@5645=0 3>A?8B0;L 8 0?B5:0, 2 4@C3>< 1>3045;L=O 4;O 157@>4=KE, E2>@KE 8 ?@5AB0@5;KE, 2 B@5BL5< 70?0A=K9 A5;LA:89 <03078= 8 ;02:0 A B>20@0<8, =5>1E>48<K<8 2 :@5ABLO=A:>< 1KBC, 8 A ?5@2K<8 ?>B@51=>ABO<8 687=8; 2 G5B25@B>< A5;LA:>5 CG8;8I5 8 A;>25A=K9 AC4.  :>=F5 45@52=8 1K;0 :C7=8F0, 0 ?>A@548=5 1>;LH>9 :>;>457L. >A5;O=5 >1>53> ?>;0 8<5;8 74>@>2K9 284, 8 <>;>4K5 65=I8=K >B;8G0;8AL :@0A>B>N, 81> =0@C6=0O :@0A>B0 1K205B A;54AB285< 4>2>;LAB20. K =5 2AB@5G0;8 =0 C;8F5 =8 3@O7=KE 45B59, =8 >1>@20==KE 101, =8 ?LO=KE <C68:>2. @5ABLO=A:85 ;>H048 8 A:>B 1K;8 >B;8G=>9 ?>@>4K, C?@O6L 8 75<;545;LG5A:85 >@C48O 2 8A?@02=>AB8. K 2>H;8 2 >48= :@5ABLO=A:89 4><, GB>1 C2845BL 4><0H=55 CAB@>9AB2>. >< 1K; A ?>420;>< 8 @0745;O;AO =0 425 ?>;>28=K: A25B;CN 8 :C@=CN.  ?5@2>9, A>AB>OI59 87 B@5E ?5@53>@>4>:, ?><5I0;>AL A5<59AB2> E>7O8=0, 0 2> 2B>@>9 ?5:;8 E;51, 20@8;8 :CH0=L5 8 ?>9;> 4;O A:>B0, ?@>ACH820;8 <>:@CN >4564C, 2>72@0I0OAL A @01>BK 2 =5=0AB=CN ?>3>4C, 8 B. ?. - / 7=0N =5:>B>@KE ?><5I8:>2, - A:070; 8;>2848=, - :>B>@K5, ?@5;LABOAL 8=>75<I8=>N, 274C<0;8 AB@>8BL 4;O @CAA:8E <C68:>2 =5<5F:85 4><K 8 B@51>20BL >B =8E B0:>9 65 G8AB>BK, :0: 2 5@<0=88. -B> =52>7<>6=>5 C =0A 45;> 8 =5 B>;L:> =5 A>AB02;O5B AG0AB8O ?>A5;O=8=0, => AB5A=O5B 53> 2 687=8. 0H :;8<0B 8 <5AB=K5 >1AB>OB5;LAB20 B@51CNB 4@C3>9 ?>AB@>9:8 4><>2, G5< 2 5@<0=88 8 =3;88. 0<5==KE >1H8@=KE 4><>2 4;O ?>A5;O= C =0A AB@>8BL =52>7<>6=>, ?>B><C GB> =5 25745 5ABL <0B5@80; 4;O MB>3>, GB> A>45@60=85 4><0 AB>8B 4>@>3> 8 GB> C =0A ?>A5;O=5 =5 682CB 1>;LH8<8 A5<59AB20<8, 0 ?>B><C 8 =5 8<5NB =C64K 2> <=>65AB25 :><=0B, :>B>@K5 4>;6=> >B0?;820BL, 2 1>;LH59 G0AB8  >AA88, 8 <5AOF52 2 3>4C. 57 :C@=>9 871K B0:65 B@C4=> >1>9B8BLAO @CAA:><C :@5ABLO=8=C 2 =0H5< AK@>< 8 E>;>4=>< :;8<0B5, 2 A525@=KE 3C15@=8OE; 157 MB>3> >= =5 1C45B 8<5BL <5AB0, 345 >1ACH8BLAO. 5;0=85 4>1@0 G0AB> =5 ?@8=>A8B ?>;L7K, 5A;8 2K?>;=5=> 157 ?>7=0=8O <5AB=>AB59. > MB>B 3.  >AA8O=8=>2, 284=>, <0AB5@ A2>53> 45;0.  A5=OE <K C2845;8 ;0?B8. - >B MB> >B7K205BAO 5I5 20@20@AB2><, - A:070; 8;>2848=. 5B@ 5B@>28G @0AA<>B@5; ?@8;56=55 MBC >1C2L 8 A:070;: - -B> =5 ;0?B8, 0 H<>=K {1;0AB=>5 2K@065=85, :>B>@>3> =5B 2 A;>20@OE.}, B> 5ABL >1C2L 87 ?5=L:8. #?>B@51;5=85 ;0?B59 =52K3>4=> ?>B><C 1>;55, GB> MB8< 8AB@51;O5BAO <=>3> ;5A0. - >340 20H8 <C68:8 =>AOB H<>=K? - A?@>A8; >= C :@5ABLO=8=0. - / 286C, GB> =0 C;8F5 >=8 2A5 2 A0?>30E. - 0 @K1=>9 ;>2;5, @>48<>9, 2 <>:@>5 2@5<O =0 ;C30E 40 2 ;5A=>9 @01>B5: 254L A0?>3>2-B> =5 =0=>A8HLAO; 40 8 =>38-B> =5 C15@565HL 2 A0?>35 B0:, :0: 2 A<>;5=>< 25@52>G=>< ;0?B5. - 848B5 ;8, GB> >=8 C?>B@51;ONB MBC >1C2L B>;L:> ?@8 @01>B5, 8 >=0 3>@074> C4>1=55 45@52O==KE 10H<0:>2 D@0=FC7A:8E 8 =5<5F:8E ?>A5;O=. A;8 :@5ABLO=8=, 1C4CG8 2 4>2>;LAB25, =5 >B:070;AO >B MB>9 >1C28, B> MB> 7=0:, GB> >=0 5<C ?>;57=0 8 C4>1=0. >:@C3 :@5ABLO=A:>3> 42>@0 1K; =025A, 345 AB>O;8 B5;538, A0=8, A>E8 8 1>@>=K 8 345 AB028;8 ;>H0459 =0 2@5<O.  :>=F5 42>@0 1K;8 E;520 8 :>=NH=O, 0 70 4><>< 10=O. / A?@>A8; C E>7O9:8, G5< >=8 78<>N >A25I0NB 871C. - !>A548 =0H8, - >B25G0;0 >=0, - :@5ABLO=5 4@C38E ?><5I8:>2, 63CB ;CG8=C, 10BNH:0, 0 <K >A25I05< 871C =>G=8:>< A :>=>?;O=K< <0A;><. 54L :>=>?;O=>3>-B> <0A;0 =5 ?>:C?0BL AB0BL, @>48<>9; 0 C =0A 2AO:0O 1010 A0<0 45;05B <0A;> 87 A5<5=8. - ABL ;8 C 20A ?8B59=K9 4>< 2 A5;5? - A?@>A8; 8;>2848=. - 71028 >3 >B MB>3>, >BFK @>4=K5! - >B25G0;0 ?>A5;O=:0. -  AB0@K5 3>4K, ?@8 AB0@>< 3>A?>48=5, 1K; 745AL ?8B59=K9 4><: B0: <C68:8 B>;L:> 8 7=0;8, GB> ?8@>20;8 2 ?@074=8G=K5 4=8 40 >?>E<5;O;8AL 2 1C4=8.  =K=5, A;020 >3C, 2K25;>AL MB>.  A2OI5==8:-B> =0H, 409 5<C >A?>4L 74>@>2LO, B>;:C5B =0< 2 F5@:28, GB> 25;8:89 3@5E C?820BLAO 28=><, 8 ?>4;5:0@L =0H 3>2>@8B, GB> A 28=>< 68BL =5 4>;3>, 8 3>A?>48= =0H 70?@5I05B ?8BL 8 =5 ;N18B ?LO=8F; B0: ?LO=AB2>-B> 8 2K25;>AL, 0 70 MB8< 8 :>?59:0 =5 B0: A:>@> :0B8BAO 87 4><C. =>5 45;> !25B;K9 ?@074=8:, 8;8 A204L10, 8;8 :@5AB8=K, B>340 20@OB ?82>, 0 28=> A0< 10@8= >B?CA:05B A> 42>@0.  >A5==NN @01>BC 8;8 78<>9 10@8= B0:65 25;8B @01>G8< ;N4O< ?8BL ?> G0@:5 28=0, => =5 1>;LH5. 09 >3 5<C 74>@>2LO - >B5F @>4=>9, 0 =5 3>A?>48=! 5@AB0E 2 ?OB8 >B 45@52=8, =0 2>72KH5==>< 15@53C @5:8, AB>O; 3>A?>4A:89 4><, 45@52O==K9 =0 :0<5==>< DC=40<5=B5, 2K:@0H5==K9 75;5=>N :@0A:>N, A :@0A=>N :@>2;59. >7048 4><0, : @5:5, ?@>AB8@0;AO >1H8@=K9 A04. >:@C3 42>@0 @0A?>;>65=K 1K;8 E>7O9AB25==K5 702545=8O. !>@07<5@=>ABL G0AB59 A>AB02;O;0 2A5 4>AB>8=AB2> 0@E8B5:BC@K, G8AB>B0 8 ?@>G=>ABL - 2A5 =0@C6=>5 C:@0H5=85 740=89. 0 :@K;LF5 2AB@5B8; =0A A;C68B5;L, >45BK9 G8AB>, E>BO 25AL<0 ?@>AB>. = A:070; =0<, GB> A0< E>7O8= ?>5E0; 2 ?>;5, 0 E>7O9:0 ?@8ACBAB2C5B ?@8 C@>:0E A2>8E 4>G5@59.  :><=0B5 2AB@5B8; =0A AB0@H89 AK= E>7O8=0, N=>H0 ;5B H5AB=04F0B8, 8 ?@>A8; =0A ?>4>640BL B5@?5;82>, ?>:0 <0BL 53> :>=G8B A2>5 70=OB85. KA>:89 @>AB N=>H8, @C<O=K5 53> I5:8 8 ;>2:>ABL ?>:07K20;8, GB> >1 53> D878G5A:>< 2>A?8B0=88 8<5;8 AB>;L:> 65 @0G5=8O, :0: 8 > =@02AB25==><. 5B@ 5B@>28G, :>B>@K9 1K; :>@>B:> 7=0:>< 2 4><5, ?@54;>68; =0< >A<>B@5BL :><=0BK 8 A04. !K= E>7O9A:89, ;5H0, 27O;AO 1KBL =0H8< ?CB52>48B5;5<. @>H54 G@57 B@8 3>AB8=K5 :><=0BK 8 70;C, :>B>@KE 2A5 C1@0=AB2> A>AB02;O;0 =5>1K:=>25==0O G8AB>B0, <K 2>H;8 2 :018=5B 3.  >AA8O=8=>20. -B> 1K;0 >1H8@=0O :><=0B0, 2>:@C3 :>B>@>9 AB>O;8 >3@><=K5 H:0DK A :=830<8 =0 ;0B8=A:><, 3@5G5A:><, D@0=FC7A:><, =5<5F:><, 0=3;89A:><, 8B0;LO=A:>< 8 @CAA:>< O7K:0E. >A@548 :><=0BK =0E>48;8AL B@8 AB>;0; =0 >4=>< ;560;8 =>2K5 6C@=0;K 8 3075BK, =0 4@C3>< 1C<038, =0 B@5BL5< =>2>?>;CG05<K5 :=838.  4@C3>9 :><=0B5, ?@8;530NI59 : :018=5BC, =0E>48;8AL, 2 H:0D0E 65, D878G5A:85 8=AB@C<5=BK, E8<8G5A:85 0??0@0BK, <>45;8 @07=KE <0H8=; =0 AB>;0E AB>O;8 3;>1CAK; =0 >4=>9 AB5=5 @0725H5=K 1K;8 35>3@0D8G5A:85 :0@BK. 51>;LH>9 H:0D8: 2<5I0; 2 A515 A>1@0=85 <8=5@0;>2. - 45AL ?0E=5B 2@>?>N! - A:070; 8;>2848=. 7 MB>9 :><=0BK <K 2>H;8 2 A04.  =5< =5 1K;> =8 8A:CAAB25==KE ?@C4>2, 70@060NI8E 2>74CE 2@54=K<8 8A?0@5=8O<8, =8 4>@>38E <>AB8:>2 =0 ACH5, =8 ?@8GC4;82KE 15A54>: 20@20@A:>9 0@E8B5:BC@K, =8 =>2KE @0720;8=. !04 =0?>;=5= 1K; ?;>4>2K<8 45@52LO<8 8 @07=K<8 O3>40<8, ?>A065==K<8 A =5>1K:=>25==K< 8A:CAAB2><. @5E>2K5 8 ;8?>2K5 @>I8FK 4>AB02;O;8 ?@8OB=>5 C1568I5 2 60@:85 4=8, 0 1>;LH0O 0;;5O 2>:@C3 A040, >A5=5==0O 2KA>:8<8 45@52LO<8, A;C68;0 4;O ?@>3C;:8.  :C@B8=0E CAB@>5=K 1K;8 :0G5;8 8 @07=K5 83@K 4;O 45B59.  :>=F5 A040, =0 ?>;C45==>9 AB>@>=5, =0E>48;0AL >@0=65@5O, =5 1>;LH0O, => ?@5:@0A=> CAB@>5==0O. - -B> C6 @>A:>HL! - A:070; 8;>2848=. -  >A:>HL, =5 B>;L:> 8728=8B5;L=0O, => 4065 ?>;57=0O, - >B25G0; 5B@ 5B@>28G. - >65B ;8 1KBL GB> ?@8OB=55 4;O A525@=>3> 68B5;O, :0: ;5;5O=L5 =56=KE ?@>872545=89 1;03>A;>25==KE :;8<0B>2? !0<>5 2>77@5=85 =0 @07=>>1@0785, 1>30BAB2> 8 I54@>ABL ?@8@>4K 2>72KH05B 4CHC 8 A1;8605B G5;>25:0 A "2>@F><. !@548 MB8E @0AB5=89 @07;8G=KE AB@0= <KA;L ;5B05B ?> 75<=><C H0@C. !:06C 1>;55: 70G5< ;8H0BL A51O C4>2>;LAB28O >B2540BL 8=>340 =56=KE ?;>4>2, 2 :>B>@KE =0< >B:070;0 A525@=0O ?@8@>40? -B> =5 5ABL C4>2;5B2>@5=85 ?>ABK4=>3> >16>@AB20, => CA?>:>5=85 ?>72>;8B5;L=>3> ;N1>?KBAB20. ?@>G5<, <=5 :065BAO, GB> 3>@074> ;CGH5 70=8<0BLAO 2>A?8BK20=85< @0AB5=89, =565;8 45@60BL 2 =52>;5 <=>65AB2> 682>B=KE 8 B@028BL A;01KE 725@59. 4@C3 ?>A;KH0;AO 3>;>A ?>7048 =0A. K C2845;8 G5;>25:0 A 25A5;K< 8 74>@>2K< ;8F><, 2 A0DLO==>< :0@BC75 8 75;5=>< :0<;>B>2>< AN@BC:5, :>B>@K9 ?>A?5H0; : =0<. -B> 1K; A0< E>7O8=. - 4@02AB2C9, 4@C3! - A:070; >=, ?@>AB8@0O @C:C : 5B@C 5B@>28GC, :>B>@K9 ?@54AB028; =0A E>7O8=C 8 2 :@0B:8E A;>20E @0AA:070; =0H8 ?>E>645=8O. - / C65 A;KE0; >BG0AB8, - ?@8<>;28; E>7O8=. - 45AL ?>=52>;5 CA;KH8HL B>, G53> 1K 8 =5 E>B5; A;CH0BL. !;>25A=K5 3075BK C =0A 2 ;CGH5< >1@0I5=88, =565;8 ?5G0B=K5. A;8 :B> E>G5B 7=0BL 8AB8=C, B>B 4>;65= 25@8BL B>;L:> A>B>9 G0AB8 ?@>28=F80;L=KE 25AB59. =5 @0AA:070;8, GB> 42>5 @CAA:8E 42>@O= ?@81K;8 G@57 :8@387A:CN AB5?L 87 =488, 345 >48= 1K; 2;045B5;L=K< :=O75<, 0 4@C3>9 53> <8=8AB@><, 8 GB> >=8 ?@8257;8 A A>1>N F5;K5 1>G:8 G5@2>=F52 8 F5;K5 2>7K H0;59. / C25@5=, GB> 5A;8 MB0 25ABL 4>;5B8B 4> 4@C3>9 3C15@=88, B> >4=>3> 87 20A ?@>87254CB 2 5;8:85 >3>;K, 0 4@C3>3> 2 AB@0H=K5 702>520B5;8; A>:@>28I0 20H8 C<=>60BAO 4> <8;;8>=>2 G5@2>=F52 8 1>G:8 =0?>;=OBAO 1@8;;80=B0<8. > <8;>AB8 ?@>A8< 2 :><=0BK. >@0 >1540BL,  :><=0B0E ;N157=K9 E>7O8= ?@54AB028; =0A A2>59 65=5 8 42C< 4>G5@O<, 87 :>8E AB0@H59 1K;> G5BK@=04F0BL, 0 <5=LH59 425=04F0BL ;5B >B @>645=8O. 5=LH>9 AK= 1K; ;5B 45AOB8.  C482;5=8N =0H5<C, E>7O9:0 703>2>@8;0 A =0<8 ?>-@CAA:8 8 2>2A5 =5 1K;0 @07@O65=0 2 45@52=5 :0: =0 :C@B035, E>BO ?@8=8<0;0 2 4><5 A2>5< 2 ?5@2K9 @07 3>AB59, :>B>@K5 ?@>A;K;8 <8;;8>=I8:0<8. %>7O8= ?@54AB028; =0< B0:65 CG8B5;59 45B59 A2>8E; D@0=FC70 <>AL5 -=AB@N8 8 =5<F0 3. CB<0=0, :>B>@KE >= =0720; A2>8<8 4@C7LO<8. =5 ?>:070;>AL AB@0==K<, GB> 3.  >AA8O=8=>2, :>B>@>3> 5B@ 5B@>28G >?8A0; <=5 =5>1K:=>25==K< ?0B@8>B>< 8 2@03>< 8=>75<=>3> 2>A?8B0=8O, 45@68B C A51O GC6575<F52, 4;O >1@07>20=8O A2>8E 45B59. 5B@ 5B@>28G ?@8<5B8; <>5 C482;5=85 87 :>AKE 273;O4>2, :>B>@K5 O 1@>A0; =0 GC6575<F52, 8 A>>1I8; <>5 =01;N45=85 E>7O8=C. .  >AA8O=8=>2 2K25; <5=O 8 8;>2848=0 2 4@C3CN :><=0BC 8 A:070;: - 5 C482;O9B5AL, 3>A?>40, GB> O C?>B@51;ON 8=>75<F52 ?@8 2>A?8B0=88 A2>8E 45B59. >25@OBL N=>H59 157CA;>2=> =0 @C:8 8=>75<F52 5ABL 25;8G09H0O 3;C?>ABL =0H0, >B :>B>@>9 ?@>87>H;> 2A5 7;> 4;O @CAA:>3> 42>@O=AB20; >B A53> >=> A45;0;>AL ?>GB8 GC6575<=>N :>;>=85N 2  >AA88, =5 7=0O ?>GB8 O7K:0 >B5G5AB25==>3>, =8 >1KG052, =8 8AB>@88, ?@8CG82H8AL >B 45BAB20 ;N18BL 2A5 D@0=FC7A:>5 8 0=3;89A:>5 8 ?@578@0BL 2A5 @CAA:>5. > C?>B@51;OBL 8=>75<F52 ?>4 =047>@>< @>48B5;59 <>6=> 8 4>;6=>, 8718@0O 4;O MB>3> ;N459 ?>GB5==KE =@02AB25==K< A2>8< E0@0:B5@>< 8 >1@07>20=85<, 0 =5 8A:0B5;59 ?@8:;NG5=89, =5 H0@;0B0=>2. 57 ?>7=0=8O GC6575<=KE O7K:>2 G5;>25: =8:>340 =5 <>65B >1@07>20BLAO, :0: ?@8;8G=> 52@>?59FC. @C385 =0@>4K >?5@548;8 =0A 2 ?@>A25I5=88 8 8<5NB 1>;55 A@54AB2 ?>42830BLAO 15A?@5AB0==> 2?5@54, =0 ?>?@8I5 =0C:. 5@52>48BL 2A5, GB> ?>O2;O5BAO 206=>3> 8 ;N1>?KB=>3> 2 GC68E :@0OE, =52>7<>6=>. K4C<K20BL A0<8< B>, GB> 402=> C65 >B:@KB> 8 >14C<0=>, 1K;> 1K A<5H=>, 8B0:, =04>1=> ?@8>1@5AB8 ;53G09H55 A@54AB2>, >4=8< 273;O4>< >1=8<0BL >1H8@=>5 F0@AB2> ?@>A25I5=8O, 8 MB> A@54AB2> 5ABL ?>7=0=85 GC6575<=KE O7K:>2. =0O <=>385 O7K:8, 2K 45;05B5AL 3@0640=8=>< <8@0: A>3;0A8B5AL, GB> ?@5645 =04>1=> 1KBL G5;>25:><, 0 ?>B>< C65 @CAA:8< 8;8 D@0=FC7><. / ;N1;N  >AA8N 1>;55 <>59 687=8; 65;0N 59 1;030 1>;55, =565;8 A>1AB25==K< A2>8< 45BO<, 8 3>B>2 ?@8=5AB8 59 2 65@B2C 687=L <>N 8 45B59 <>8E, 8<5=L5 8 2A5 1;030 687=8, => 87 MB>3> =5 A;54C5B, GB> O 4>;65= =5 ;N18BL 8=>AB@0=F52 8 =5 ?>;L7>20BLAO ?@>872545=8O<8 8E C<0 8 ?@><KH;5==>AB8. -B> 1K;> 1K 20@20@AB2>, 4>AB>9=>5 BC@>:, :8B09F52 8 0;68@F52. 5@2K5 ?@54<5BK ?@8 2>A?8B0=88 <>8E 45B59 ACBL ?>7=0=85 >B5G5AB25==>3> O7K:0, 8AB>@88 8 AB0B8AB8:8  >AA88, 8 ?5@2>5 8 3;02=>5 <>5 AB0@0=85 A>AB>8B 2 B><, GB>1 2?5@8BL 2 45B59 <>8E 15A?@545;L=CN ?@82O70==>ABL :> 2A5<C >B5G5AB25==><C. -B8< 70=8<0NAL O A0<. @8 2A5< MB>< O =5 A:@K20N ?@54 =8<8, G53> =0< =54>AB05B 5I5 : 4>AB865=8N B>9 AB5?5=8 >1@07>20==>AB8, =0 :>B>@>9 =0E>4OBAO 4@C385 =0@>4K, 0 =0?@>B82 B>3>, 2>71C640N 65;0=85 AB@5<8BLAO : 2>72KH5=8N >B5G5AB20 @0A?@>AB@0=5=85< 2 >=>< 2A53> 4>1@>3> 8 ?>;57=>3>. "5?5@L 4><0H=55 2>A?8B0=85 <>53> AB0@H53> AK=0 :>=G5=>, 8 O 1C4CI5N 78<>N >B?@02;ON 53> 2 C=825@A8B5B. 0A ?>720;8 : AB>;C, 8 3.  >AA8O=8=>2 ?@5:@0B8; A2>5 >1JOA=5=85. 154 A>AB>O; 87 G5BK@5E 1;N4, ?@83>B>2;5==KE A> 2:CA>< 8 87>18;85<. 8=0 =5 ;8;8AL G@57 :@09, :0: 3>2>@8BAO; => ?>A;5 :064>3> 1;N40 2A5< A>15A54=8:0< (8A:;NG0O 45B59 8 40<) =0;8205<> 1K;> ?> 1>;LH>9 @N<:5 >B;8G=>3> 28=0. @><5 B>3>, =0 AB>;5 AB>O;8 3@0D8=K A 2>4>N, ;53:8< ?82><, :20A><, O1;>G=8:>< 8 2:CA=K< ?8BL5< 87 @07=KE O3>4, :>B>@>5 8A:@8;>AL 8 ?5=8;>AL 2 @N<:5 :0: H0<?0=A:>5 8 ?>:070;>AL <=5 3>@074> 2:CA=55 28=0. ;O 45A5@B0 ?>40;8 ?@5:@0A=K5, A?5;K5 ?;>4K. @><5 A5<59AB20 3.  >AA8O=8=>20, 42CE CG8B5;59 8 =0A, 70 AB>;>< 1K;> 42>5 >BAB02=KE 70 @0=0<8, ?>68;KE >D8F5@>2, 425 AB0@CH:8, 40;L=85 @>4AB25==8FK E>7O9:8, 8 ?@8E>4A:89 A2OI5==8:. / A C4>2>;LAB285< 70<5B8;, GB> 2A5< 3>ABO< 8 4><0H=8<, 157 8A:;NG5=8O, ?>4=>A8;8 >4=8 1;N40 8 2A5E ?>BG520;8 >4=8< 28=><. -B> =5 2A5340 45;0NB 3>A?>40, 40NI85 70 A2>8< AB>;>< <5AB> 154=K< ;N4O<. . 8 3-60  >AA8O=8=>2K, =0?@>B82 B>3>, >1E>48;8AL A =8<8 =5>1K:=>25==> 256;82>, 8 E>7O8= =5 87>I@O; A2>53> >AB@>C<8O =0 AG5B 154=KE ;N459, :>B>@K< >= ?@54;>68; 3>AB5?@88<AB2>. 0 AB>;>< @073>2>@ 1K; >1I89. >A;5 >1540 <K 2A5 2KH;8 2 A04 8 2 >6840=88 :>D5 ?><5AB8;8AL ?>4 B5=LN 3CABKE ;8?. 4@C3 C 8;>2848=0 =025@=C;8AL A;57K =0 3;070E. A5 >1@0B8;8 =0 =53> 2=8<0=85 A CG0AB85<, 8 E>7O520 ?@8H;8 2 15A?>:>9AB2>. - 0< 3@CAB=>? - A:070;0 E>7O9:0. - 5B, AC40@K=O, MB> A;57K C<8;5=8O, 0 =5 3@CAB8. / 2>AE8I0NAL A5<59=K< 20H8< AG0ABL5<, 1;03>?>;CG85< 20H8E :@5ABLO=, ?>@O4:><, CAB@>9AB2>< 20H53> 8<5=LO 8 @04CNAL, GB> 2K @CAA:85! %>7O8= ?>60; @C:C 8;>2848=0 8 ?@8<>;28;: - 0H0 ?@0240: <K, 8;8, ?> :@09=59 <5@5, O, AG0AB;82 <>8< A5<59AB2><! -60  >AA8O=8=>20, 2<5AB> >B25B0, A =56=>ABLN ?>F5;>20;0 A2>53> <C60, 45B8 1@>A8;8AL 5<C =0 H5N, 2>A:;8F0O: - 0?5=L:0, BK A>AB02;O5HL 2A5 =0H5 AG0ABL5, 2AN =0HC @04>ABL! 48= 87 >BAB02=KE >D8F5@>2 ?>60; @C:C 3-=0  >AA8O=8=>20, 4@C3>9 2>725; 27>@K =0 =51> 8 ?5@5:@5AB8;AO; 2>A?8B0==8FK 1@>A8;8AL F5;>20BL @C:8 ?>GB5==KE AC?@C3>2. !B0@K9 A;C68B5;L, ?@8=5AH89 :>D5, ?@>A;578;AO 2 <>;G0=88. .  >AA8O=8=>2 1K; B@>=CB 4> 3;C18=K A5@4F0. - K 2848B5 B5?5@L, AG0AB;82 ;8 O! - 2>A:;8:=C; >=. - >65B ;8 1KBL 1;065=AB2> 2KH5, :0: 1KBL ;N18<K< 4>1@K<8 ACI5AB20<8? 5 ?>4C<09B5, >4=0:> 6, GB>1K AG0ABL5 AB>8;> <=5 1>;LH8E B@C4>2. 5B, MB> <8;>ABL @>2845=8O, 70 :>B>@CN O =5 ?@5AB0N 1;03>40@8BL 3>. / AB0@0;AO B>;L:> ?> 2>7<>6=>AB8 8A?>;=OBL <>8 >1O70==>AB8, - =8G53> 1>;55. A;8 2K ;N1>?KBAB2C5B5, O 2 :@0B:8E A;>20E @0AA:06C 20< <>N 8AB>@8N. B5F <>9 A;C68; 2 <>@A:>9 A;C615, 65=8;AO ?> ;N128 8 =5 8<5; =8:0:8E A?>A>1>2 : A>45@60=8N A2>53> A5<59AB20, :@><5 A2>53> 60;>20=LO. = 4>A;C68;AO 4> 35=5@0;LA:>3> G8=0 2 A5< ?>;>65=88 45; 8 ?>B><C =5 <>3 40BL <=5 8 42C< <>8< A5AB@0< 1;8AB0B5;L=>3> 2>A?8B0=8O. %@01@>ABLN A2>5N >= ?@8>1@5; 1>30BAB2>, 27O2 =5A:>;L:> 1>30BKE ?@87>2 2 "C@5F:CN 2>9=C.  0AAB@>5==>5 53> 74>@>2L5 =5 ?>72>;O;> 5<C A;C68BL 40;55: >= 2KH5; 2 >BAB02:C, :C?8; MB> 8<5=L5, A>AB>OI55 2 500 4CH0E, 8 ?>A5;8;AO 2 45@52=5. !5AB@K <>8 2KH;8 70<C6, :0: A:>@> @>48B5;8 2 A>AB>O=88 1K;8 40BL 8< E>@>H55 ?@840=>5. / >?@545;8;AO 2 320@48N, => 8<5; =5AG0ABL5 CH818BLAO, C?02 A ;>H048, 8 4>;65= 1K;, ?> A>25BC 2@0G59, 2K9B8 2 >BAB02:C. =5 B>340 1K;> =5 1>;55 19 ;5B >B @>4C. =5 A>25B>20;8 ?@>68BL =5A:>;L:> ;5B 2 B5?;>< :;8<0B5, 4;O C:@5?;5=8O A8; 8 ?>;L7>20=8O <8=5@0;L=K<8 2>40<8. / C?>B@518; MB> 2@5<O =0 >1@07>20=85 A51O 8 A;CH0; :C@AK 2 >;>=A:>< C=825@A8B5B5, 0 ?>B>< 4>25@H8; A2>5 ?5@52>A?8B0=85 2 0@865. >72@0BOAL 2 >B5G5AB2> A 2>AAB0=>2;5==K< 74>@>2L5< 8 =>2K<8 ?>7=0=8O<8, O E>B5; 1KBL ?>;57=K< >B5G5AB2C A;C61>N 3@0640=A:>9.  MB> 2@5<O O 8<5; =5AG0AB85 ;8H8BLAO <>8E @>48B5;59 8 >AB0;AO >48=>: 2 A25B5. @>A;C682 =5A:>;L:> ;5B 2 =57=0G0I59 4>;6=>AB8 8 284O, GB> =8 AB0@0=8O <>8, =8 CA5@485 8, A<5N A:070BL, =8 A?>A>1=>AB8 8 ?>7=0=8O 2KAH85, =565;8 ?>7=0=8O <>8E B>20@8I59, =5 <>3;8 2K428=CBL <5=O 87 B>;?K, O AB0; >E;04520BL 2 <>59 @52=>AB8 : >1I59 ?>;L75. 48= AB0@K9 ?@8OB5;L <>53> >BF0, :>B>@><C O 60;>20;AO =0 <>5 ?>;>65=85, 2K25; <5=O 87 701;C645=8O 8 C:070; 8AB8==K9 ?CBL : AG0ABLN. - N157=K9 4@C3! - A:070; >= <=5 >4=064K. - "K =5 8<55HL =8:0:8E @>4AB25==KE A2O759, =5 ?@8=04;568HL : G8A;C B5E AG0AB;82F52, :>B>@KE 2A5 4>AB>8=AB2> A>AB>8B 2 8<5=8, A;54>20B5;L=>, BK 25G=> 1C45HL >AC645= 2K2>78BL =0 A2>8E ?;5G0E, 87 :0=F5;O@A:>9 3@O78 ?>4 3>@C D>@BC=K, GC6CN =5A?>A>1=>ABL, 4;O C25=G0=8O 55 B2>8<8 70A;C30<8. 04>1=> 4>640BLAO =5>1K:=>25==>3> A;CG0O, >4=>3> 87 B5E GC45A, :>B>@>5 70?8AK205BAO 2 :0;5=40@OE, GB>1 ;CG8 A>;=F0 ?@>=8:;8 A:2>7L 3CABCN 0B<>AD5@C _?;5<O==8G5AB20_ (nepotisme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bonjour 8 2KH5; A bonjour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mon cher ;5:A0=4@! - E, ma cousine Annette! >H;8 >1=8<0=8O 8 F5;>20=8O, 8 8;>2848=, A52 =0 A>D5 A E>7O9:>N, AB0; H5?B0BLAO, ?5@5H5?BK20BLAO 8 701K; >1> <=5. 0:>=5F :C78=0 >?><=8;0AL: - E, pardon! - 8;0O =5B0, - A:070; 8;>2848=. - / @5:><5=4CN >A>15==>9 B2>59 <8;>AB8 8 ?>:@>28B5;LAB2C 4@C30 <>53>, 1;03>45B5;O, A?0A8B5;O 8 2A5, GB> C3>4=>, 20=0 20=>28G0 K6838=0, :>B>@K9, :@><5 B>3>, GB> E>@>H A>1>N, :0: BK 2848HL, C<5= 8 4>1@, :0: BK 8 O, 8<55B ?>;B>@K BKAOG8 4CH. - Charmee... - >;=>, <8;0O, ?>60;C9AB0 157 F5@5<>=89, - 2>73;0A8; 8;>2848=. - ><=8, GB> MB> 4@C3>9 O. >A;CH09, 45;> 2 B><, GB> O E>GC 4@C30 <>53> ?><5AB8BL 2 A;C61C 8 225AB8 2 ;CGH55 <>A:>2A:>5 >1I5AB2>. # B51O 1>;LH0O ?0@B8O, :C78=CH:0. >60;C9AB0, ?>:@8G8 A =545;L:C 70 <>53> 4@C30. "K <>65HL A<5;> C25@OBL 2A5E, GB> >= B>G=> B0:>2, :0: O, 0 BK =5:>340 1K;0 C25@5=0, GB> O <8; 4> :@09=>AB8. - "K 2A5 B0:>9 65 25B@5=8:, :0: 1K; ?@5645, - A:070;0 :C78=0. - 45 65 <C6 B2>9? - A?@>A8; 8;>2848=. - = 2A5 2 @07J5740E ?> A2>8< >B:C?0< 8 702>40<: B5?5@L 2 5B5@1C@35. / 4>;6=0 745AL >1@010BK20BL 53> 45;0 - 8 ?@87=0NAL, <=5 MB> =5A=>A=>. - K A 4@C3>< <>8< ?>AB0@05<AO CB5H0BL ?@5:@0A=CN @804=C! - A:070; 8;>2848=, ?>F5;>202 @C:C :C78=K 8ABK. - > =5 =0459AO, GB>1 O ?><5AB8; B51O, :C78=CH:0, 2 A>7257485 =515A=>5: =5B, BK A;8H:>< E>@>H0 4;O 75<;8. - Jougours Volage et aimable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petit jeux), 704520;8 <>5 <0;5=L:>5 A0<>;N185 7=0:0<8 ?@54?>GB5=8O. > O =5 E>B5; =8 1KBL @01>< 65=A:8E A:>@>?@5E>4OI8E ?@8E>B59, =8 >1<0=K20BL 65=8BL1>N. @0A025F K6838= <>3 =@028BLAO 65=I8=0<, 8 =5 1C4CG8 42>@O=8=>< 8 157 ?>;CB>@K BKAOG8 4CH, => ?@8 65=8BL15 A 4528F5N E>@>H59 D0<8;88 =04;560;> 1K >1JOA=8BLAO >1AB>OB5;L=55. / 1K; AB>;L:> 1;03>@07C<5=, GB> =5 ?><KH;O; =8 > ;N128, =8 > 1@0:5. > MB> 1;03>@07C<85 1K;> A;54AB285< A5@45G=>9 E>;>4=>AB8, 0 =5 A>>1@065=89. 'B>1 27>@20BL 2 A5@4F5 <>5< <8=C AB@0AB59, =54>AB020;> B>;L:> 8A:@K. '@57 ;54O=CN >1>;>G:C 1>;LH>3> A25B0 =8GB> =5 ?@>E>48B, :@><5 E>;>4=KE ?0@>2 @0AG5B0. 5:>B>@K5, ?> ?@>AB>B5 A2>59, ?>G8B0NB ?;0<5=5< >B@065=85 ;CG59 =0 MB>9 ;54O=>9 3;K15. 1<0=! >1<0=! "0< =5B B5?;>BK, 0 >48= B>;L:> 1;5A:. 0E>4OAL 2 15A?@5@K2=>< @0AA5O=88 2 1>;LH>< A25B5, O 8A:0; 5I5 @0AA5O=8O! > C =0A, 4;O A25BA:>3> G5;>25:0, =5B A@548=K <564C A:C:>N 8 @072@0B><. 0C:8, 8A:CAAB20, EC4>65AB20 B>;L:> @0A?CA:0NBAO, 0 <=>3>, :>340 F25BCB 2 1>;LH>< A25B5 8 =8:>340 =5 ?@8=>AOB ?;>4>2 7@5;KE, <>3CI8E ?8B0BL 4CHC, 4@5<;NICN 2 157459AB288. @><5 B>3>, 8A:CAAB20, =0C:8 8 EC4>65AB20 2 >A:25 A>AB02;ONB 70=OB85 >A>1>3> :;0AA0 8 2 >1I5AB20 1>;LH>3> A25B0 4>E>4OB B>;L:> ?> A;CEC. 4=> >1I5AB25==>5 =0A;0645=85 - B50B@. / 1K; ?;0<5==K< ;N18B5;5< B50B@0, 81>, =5 8<5O 2@5<5=8 A0< G8B0BL =0548=5, O @04 1K; A;CG0N, GB> 0:B5@K G8B0;8 ?5@54> <=>N ?C1;8G=>. / C3>640; 2 >4=> 2@5<O 8 2:CAC A2>5<C, 8 >1O70==>ABO< >1I5AB20. 4=064K >1JO28;8 2 3075B0E, GB> =>2>?@81K2H0O 2 >A:2C 0:B@8A0 87 ?@>28=F80;L=>9 B@C??K 1C45B 451NB8@>20BL =0 <>A:>2A:>< B50B@5 2 @>;8 :>:5B:8. C78=0 8;>2848=0, <>O 8A:@5==OO ?@8OB5;L=8F0, ?@>A8;0 <5=O 27OBL ;>6C. - =5 B0: A:CG=> A<>B@5BL 2 A25B5 =0 =0H8E A<8@5==8F, - A:070;0 >=0, - GB> E>G5BAO ?>A<>B@5BL =0 :>:5B:C. / E>B5; 1K;> A:070BL, GB> 59 B>;L:> AB>8B 273;O=CBL 2 75@:0;>, => C45@60;AO 8 ?>H5; 2 :>=B>@C 27OBL 18;5B. K ?>5E0;8 2<5AB5 2 B50B@. >4=8<05BAO 70=025A: =5B =>2>9 0:B@8AK, 8 <K A :C78=>N =5B>9 87>I@O5< =0H5 >AB@>C<85 2 =0A<5H:0E =04 =5AG0AB=K<8 0@B8AB0<8, :>B>@K5, :0: 3>2>@8BAO, ;57;8 87 :>68, GB>1 =0< =@028BLAO. / 1K; 2 A0<>< 25A5;>< @0A?>;>65=88 4CE0. 4@C3 ?>O2;O5BAO =>20O 0:B@8A0; ?0@B5@ E;>?05B 4;O >1>4@5=8O 55; >=0 ?@8A5405B, :;0=O5BAO, ?>4E>48B : >@:5AB@C, =0G8=05B 3>2>@8BL, => O =8G53> =5 286C 8 =5 A;KHC. - 'B> A 20<8 A45;0;>AL? - 3>2>@8B :C78=0 =5B0, :>B>@0O E>B5;0 <=5 A:070BL :0:>5-B> 70<5G0=85 =0AG5B >4564K =>2>9 0:B@8AK. -  048 >30, GB> A 20<8 A45;0;>AL! K 1;54=K, 2K B@5?5I5B5, 20< 4C@=>!.. - C@=>, >G5=L 4C@=>! - A:070; O 2?>;3>;>A0 8 2K1560; 87 ;>68.  =>2>9 0:B@8A5 O C7=0; - @C=N! K; ;8 O 2;N1;5= 2 @C=N - =5 7=0N. / 1K; >G5=L <>;>4, :>340 ?>4@C68;AO A =5N, 8 4CH0 <>O B>340 =5 1K;0 A?>A>1=0 : A8;L=K< >ICI5=8O<. !B@0AB8 <>3;8 B>;L:> B;5BL, => =5 ?K;0BL 2 <>5< A5@4F5. @0A>B0 @C=8 A45;0;0 B>340 A8;L=>5 2?5G0B;5=85 2 <>5< 2>>1@065=88, 0 =5 2 A5@4F5. @5645 8 ?>A;5 <>59 =5AG0AB=>9 ?>574:8 2 @5=1C@3 O =0E>48; <=>3> 65=I8= ?@5:@0A=55 @C=8; => :0: A:>@> O ?@8H5; 2 B>B 2>7@0AB, :>340 AB@0AB8 =0G8=0NB 459AB2>20BL, B>, =5278@0O =0 87<5=C @C=8, =0 7;>, ?@8G8=5==>5 <=5 55 :>20@AB2><, O C25@8;AO, GB> B@C4=> =09B8 65=I8=C _<8;55_ @C=8. 73;O4 55 8 72C: 55 3>;>A0 ?@>872>48;8 2> <=5 2A5340 B0:>5 459AB285, :>B>@>3> O =8:0: =5 <>3C @0AB>;:>20BL. 065BAO, 5A;8 1 <=5 702O70;8 3;070, B> <564C <8;;8>=>< 3>;>A>2 O C7=0; 1K 55 3>;>A. = ?@O<> 4>E>48; <=5 4> A5@4F0, 0 273;O4K 55 8<5;8 :0:CN-B> >G0@>20B5;L=CN A8;C ?@8:>2K20BL : A515 <>8 27>@K. !> 2@5<5=8 ?>A;54=53> =0H53> A2840=8O O AB0@0;AO 2>2A5 =5 4C<0BL > @C=5, => =52>;L=> 2>A?><8=0; > =59 B>340, :>340 ;N1>2L @0AAB02;O;0 <=5 A2>8 A5B8 2 1>;LH>< A25B5. "0< <=>3> 1K;> ?@5:@0A=KE, => =8 >4=0 <=5 =5 =@028;0AL. E, 70G5< @C=O =5 B0: E>@>H0 4CH>N, :0: =0@C6=>ABLN, 4C<0; O G0AB>, 8 >?OBL AB0@0;AO =5 4C<0BL >1 =59.  =0:>=5F, 2>B >=0 >?OBL ?5@54 <>8<8 3;070<8! B4>E=C2 2 1CD5B5, O 2KH5; =0 C;8FC 8 1@>48; 2 @074C<L5 >:>;> B50B@0. / =8:0: =5 <>3 8AB>;:>20BL A515, >BG53> <=5 A45;0;>AL 4C@=> ?@8 2845 @C=8. / ?@8?8AK20; MB> AB@0EC, C60A=><C 2>A?><8=0=8N B>9 >?0A=>AB8, :>B>@>9 O ?>425@30;AO 2 @5=1C@35, ?> ?@8G8=5 87<5=K @C=8, 225@3H59 <5=O 2 1>;57=L. > MB> 1K; =5 AB@0E 8 =5 C60A! @C=O ?@54AB02;O;0AL <>5<C 2>>1@065=8N =5 2 C60A=>< 2845, => 2> 2A5< 1;5A:5 >G0@>20B5;L=>9 A2>59 :@0A>BK. 0: >=0 E>@>H0, 4C<0; O, :0: ?>?>;=5;0, :0: 2K@>A;0! > O =8:>340 55 =5 C286C, =5 4>;65= 2845BL.  0AAC640O B0:8< >1@07><, O C65 1K; 2 :>@84>@5 B50B@0 8 =52>;L=> 2>H5; 2 ;>6C. / <>3C 2845BL 55 2 ?C1;8:5, 4C<0; O, GB>1 8728=8BL A2>N A;01>ABL. 5C65;8 4;O MB>9 ;53:><KA;5==>9 452>G:8 O 4>;65= >B:070BLAO >B B50B@0? - CGH5 ;8 20<? - A?@>A8;0 :C78=0 =5B0... - 5<=>3> ;CGH5. - E, :0: <8;> 83@05B =>20O 0:B@8A0, - ?@8<>;28;0 :C78=0. - 0:0O ;>2:>ABL, :0:>9 1;03>@>4=K9 B>=! :0: >=0 ?>AB8305B @>;L! @><5 B>3>, >=0 >G5=L ?@8OB=> ?>5B 8 25AL<0 =54C@=0 A>1>N. > ?@0245 A:070BL, MB> AG0AB;82>5 ?@8>1@5B5=85 4;O =0H53> B50B@0, 8 MB0 <8;>284=0O 3-60 @8<0=:8=0 2A:@C68B 3>;>2C 2A59 <>A:>2A:>9 <>;>4568. / <>;G0; 8 273;O=C; =0 0D8HC, GB>1 ?@>G5ABL 8<O, ?@8=OB>5 @C=5N. @>?CAB82 420 0:B0, O C2845; @C=N 2 B@5BL5<. =0 83@0;0 ?@52>AE>4=> 8 ?@527>H;0 2A5 >6840=8O ;N18B5;59 4@0<0BC@388.  C:>?;5A:0=8O< =5 1K;> :>=F0. > >:>=G0=88 ?L5AK 55 2K720;8 =0 AF5=C.  ?@>4>;65=85 83@K @C=8=>9 O 1K; 25AL :0: 2 >3=5. / A;54>20; 4CH>N 70 :064K< 55 A;>2><, 70 :064K< 55 42865=85<; AB@0H8;AO 70 =55, B@5?5B0; 8 GCBL =5 ?;0:0; >B @04>AB8, :>340 3@><:85 @C:>?;5A:0=8O @074020;8AL 2 70;5. =5 :065BAO, GB> O 1K C<5@ =0 <5AB5, 5A;8 1 @C=O =5 8<5;0 ?>;=>3> CA?5E0! @>2>482 <>N 40<C 4> :0@5BK, O >B:070;AO >B C4>2>;LAB28O A>?CBAB2>20BL 59 4><>9 8 >AB0BLAO C =55 =0 25G5@5. 0H8=0;L=> ?>H5; O : ?>4J574C 0:B5@>2. / =0<5@520;AO, 70:CB02H8AL 2 ?;0I, 273;O=CBL =0 @C=N 21;878. KE>48B @C=O, => O ?>701K; 70:@KBLAO. - K6838=! - 2>A:;8:=C;0 >=0. - @C=O! - A:070; O - 8 =5 <>3 =8G53> 1>;55 ?@><>;28BL. =0 ?>A<>B@5;0 =0 <5=O ?@8AB0;L=>, ?>B>< A<5;> 27O;0 70 @C:C 8 ?>B0I8;0 A A>1>N. >40;8 55 :0@5BC; >=0 A5;0 8 25;5;0 <=5 A5ABL 2>7;5 A51O. / ?>28=>20;AO. 0@5B0 ?>:0B8;0AL ?> <>AB>2>9, 8 O 2A5 <>;G0;, =5 A<5O ?>4=OBL 3;07 8 AB@0H0AL >1JOA=5=89, <>3CI8E >A:>@18BL @C=N. =0 A0<0 2K25;0 <5=O 87 MB>3> =5?@8OB=>3> ?>;>65=8O. - 0=O, <8;K9 4@C3 <>9 0=O! BK 8<55HL ?@02> =0 <5=O A5@48BLAO. / 28=>20B0, => =5 AB>;L:>, :0: BK 4C<05HL. / 1K;0 A;8H:>< <>;>40, =5>?KB=0, =5 8<5;0 A>1AB25==>9 2>;8, 4>;6=0 1K;0 ?>28=>20BLAO <0B5@8. "K 2A5 C7=05HL, 8 A5@4F5 3>2>@8B <=5, GB> BK ?@>AB8HL <5=O, GB> BK 1C45HL ;N18BL <5=O ?>-?@56=5<C, ;N18BL B0:, :0: O ;N1;N B51O. !:068, 0=O, :0:>2> O 83@0;0 A53>4=O? / ?>F5;>20; @C:C @C=8, 274>E=C; BO65;> 8 A:070;: - "K 83@0;0 ?@5:@0A=>, 15A?>4>1=>; => O =5 C482;ONAL MB><C. @8@>40 A>740;0 B51O 0:B@8A>N. 3@>N A2>59 BK C2;5:;0 <5=O =0 :@09 3815;8 8 B5?5@L E>G5HL ;8H8BL AG0ABLO, A?>:>9AB28O. @C=O, BK A;8H:>< ?@5;5AB=0, O 1>NAL B51O! >72>;L <=5 2K9B8 87 :0@5BK 8 ?@>AB8 =025:8! >A;54=85 A;>20 O 2K3>2>@8; B0:8< 60;:8< >1@07><, GB> 4065 @C=O B@>=C;0AL. / ?>GB8 704KE0;AO >B CA8;8O C45@60BL A;57K: <=5 1K;> 3>@L:>. - "K 1>8HLAO <5=O, 0=O; BK E>G5HL 1560BL >B <5=O 8 =0E>48HL <5=O ?@5;5AB=>N? 0=O, BK =02>48HL =0 <5=O 3@CABL 8 2<5AB5 A B5< 4>AB02;O5HL 25;8G09H55 1;065=AB2>. 5@L <=5, 4@C3 <>9, GB> O 8AB8==> ;N1;N B51O 8 =8:>340 ;N18BL =5 ?5@5AB020;0. > 2A5 2@5<O =0H59 @07;C:8 BK =5 2K